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A interação de tecnologias da informação e a comunicação no alinhamento das melhores práticas empresariais; The interaction of information and communication technologies in alignment with entrepreneurial best practices

Velloso, Viviane Fushimi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.76%
As décadas de 1990 e 2000 foram marcadas por transformações mundiais profundas, que afetaram as relações sociais, econômicas e culturais. Com a popularização das novas tecnologias e da internet, a complexidade das organizações são evidenciadas, e as discussões em torno do tecnológico e do humano são ampliadas. Nesse contexto, a comunicação organizacional necessita reestruturar-se, para atender às demandas geradas pelos relacionamentos organizacionais que se modificam em função da diversidade e das alterações comportamentais dos públicos. Nesse cenário tecnológico e de economia globalizada, as Tecnologias de Informação - TI - configuram-se essenciais para o sucesso do negócio e para a gestão organizacional. Voltados para o controle e monitoramento da produção e da administração, os programas, plataformas e serviços tecnológicos são orientados para oferecer às organizações as melhores práticas empresariais, otimização de custos, de tempo e de desempenho. O alinhamento estratégico da área com a organização é essencial para que esses objetivos sejam atingidos, e a interação entre os profissionais de TI com os profissionais organizacionais é imprescindível. A comunicação configura-se, nesse contexto...

Significação na escola inclusiva : um estudo sobre as concepções e práticas de professores envolvidos com a inclusão escolar; Meanings at inclusive schools – a study on inclusive schools teachers´ conceptions and practices

Ribeiro, Júlia Cristina Coelho
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Tese
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.92%
Tese (doutorado)—Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Psicologia, 2006.; Tomando como ponto de partida as abordagens teóricas provenientes da Psicologia Cultural e, mais especificamente, da dimensão dialógica da produção de conhecimentos, este estudo teve por objetivo, descrever e analisar as concepções e práticas de professores do ensino fundamental que atuam com crianças que apresentam necessidades educacionais especiais, inseridas no contexto de alfabetização da escola regular. Este estudo se propôs a identificar quais os significados que estão regulando as práticas de educação inclusiva por parte de professores de duas escolas do DF. Para tanto, este trabalho de pesquisa qualitativa concentrou sua atividade de investigação em duas etapas: 1ª- Estudo Exploratório e, 2ª- Estudos de Casos, e contou com a participação de cinco professores: dois professores regentes, duas professoras de apoio e uma professora itinerante. Os dados foram construídos através da utilização de entrevistas semi-estruturadas individuais e coletivas e do emprego de uma estratégia de gravação em video tape de duas salas de aula inclusivas, a fim de que se pudesse mediar uma reflexão posterior sobre a prática pedagógica dos professores investigados...

Culture, cultural factors and psychiatric diagnosis: review and projections

ALARCÓN, RENATO D.
Fonte: Masson Italy Publicador: Masson Italy
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.06%
This paper aims to provide conceptual justifications for the inclusion of culture and cultural factors in psychiatric diagnosis, and logistic suggestions as to the content and use of this approach. A discussion of the scope and limitations of current diagnostic practice, criticisms from different quarters, and the role and relevance of culture in the diagnostic encounter, precede the examination of advantages and disadvantages of the approach. The cultural content of psychiatric diagnosis should include the main, well-recognized cultural variables, adequate family data, explanatory models, and strengths and weaknesses of every individual patient. The practical aspects include the acceptance of “cultural discordances” as a component of an updated definition of mental disorder, and the use of a refurbished cultural formulation. Clinical “telescoping” strategies to obtain relevant cultural data during the diagnostic interview, and areas of future research (including field trials on the cultural formulation and on “culture bound syndromes”), are outlined.

The Clinical Ethnographic Interview: A user-friendly guide to the cultural formulation of distress and help seeking

Arnault, Denise Saint; Shimabukuro, Shizuka
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.05%
Transcultural nursing, psychiatry, and medical anthropology have theorized that practitioners and researchers need more flexible instruments to gather culturally relevant illness experience, meaning, and help seeking. The state of the science is sufficiently developed to allow standardized yet ethnographically sound protocols for assessment. However, vigorous calls for culturally adapted assessment models have yielded little real change in routine practice. This paper describes the conversion of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV, Appendix I Outline for Cultural Formulation into a user-friendly Clinical Ethnographic Interview (CEI), and provides clinical examples of its use in a sample of highly distressed Japanese women.

Indian contribution to the cultural formulation interview and the DSM-5: Missing details from the position paper

Paralikar, Vasudeo Pralhad; Deshpande, Smita N.; Jadhav, Sushrut; Weiss, Mitchell G.
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.76%

Reply to Indian contribution to the cultural formulation interview and the DSM-5: Missing details from the position paper

Jacob, K. S.; Kallivayalil, R. A.; Mallik, A. K.; Gupta, N.; Trivedi, J. K.; Gangadhar, B. N.; Praveenlal, K.; Vahia, V.; Rao, T. S. Sathyanarayana
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.76%

Barriers to Implementing the DSM-5 Cultural Formulation Interview: A Qualitative Study

Aggarwal, Neil Krishan; Nicasio, Andel Veronica; DeSilva, Ravi; Boiler, Marit; Lewis-Fernández, Roberto
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
The Outline for Cultural Formulation (OCF) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) marked an attempt to apply anthropological concepts within psychiatry. The OCF has been criticized for not providing guidelines to clinicians. The DSM-5 Cultural Issues Subgroup has since converted the OCF into the Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI) for use by any clinician with any patient in any clinical setting. This paper presents perceived barriers to CFI implementation in clinical practice reported by patients (n=32) and clinicians (n=7) at the New York site within the DSM-5 international field trial. We used an implementation fidelity paradigm to code debriefing interviews after each CFI session through deductive content analysis. The most frequent patient threats were lack of differentiation from other treatments, lack of buy-in, ambiguity of design, over-standardization of the CFI, and severity of illness. The most frequent clinician threats were lack of conceptual relevance between intervention and problem, drift from the format, repetition, severity of patient illness, and lack of clinician buy-in. The Subgroup has revised the CFI based on these barriers for final publication in DSM-5. Our findings expand knowledge on the cultural formulation by reporting the CFI’s reception among patients and clinicians.

The Development of the DSM-5 Cultural Formulation Interview-Fidelity Instrument (CFI-FI): A Pilot Study

Aggarwal, Neil Krishan; Glass, Andrew; Tirado, Amilcar; Boiler, Marit; Nicasio, Andel; Alegría, Margarita; Wall, Melanie; Lewis-Fernández, Roberto
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
This paper reports on the development of the Cultural Formulation Interview-Fidelity Instrument (CFI-FI) which assesses clinician fidelity to the DSM-5 Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI). The CFI consists of a manualized set of standard questions that can precede every psychiatric evaluation. It is based on the DSM-IV Outline for Cultural Formulation, the cross-cultural assessment with the most evidence in psychiatric training. Using the New York sample of the DSM-5 CFI field trial, two independent raters created and finalized items for the CFI-FI based on six audio-taped and transcribed interviews. The raters then used the final CFI-FI to rate the remaining 23 interviews. Inter-rater reliability ranged from .73 to 1 for adherence items and .52 to 1 for competence items. The development of the CFI-FI can help researchers and administrators determine whether the CFI has been implemented with fidelity, permitting future intervention research.

Clinical value of the cultural formulation interview in Pune, India

Paralikar, Vasudeo P.; Sarmukaddam, Sanjeev B.; Patil, Kanak V.; Nulkar, Amit D.; Weiss, Mitchell G.
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.76%

Culture and Psychiatric Evaluation: Operationalizing Cultural Formulation for DSM-5

Lewis-Fernández, Roberto; Aggarwal, Neil Krishan; Bäärnhielm, Sofie; Rohlof, Hans; Kirmayer, Laurence J.; Weiss, Mitchell G.; Jadhav, Sushrut; Hinton, Ladson; Alarcón, Renato D.; Bhugra, Dinesh; Groen, Simon; van Dijk, Rob; Qureshi, Adil; Collazos, Fr
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.19%
The Outline for Cultural Formulation (OCF) introduced with DSM-IV provided a framework for clinicians to organize cultural information relevant to diagnostic assessment and treatment planning. However, use of the OCF has been inconsistent, raising questions about the need for guidance on implementation, training, and application in diverse settings. To address this need, DSM-5 introduced a cultural formulation interview (CFI) that operationalizes the process of data collection for the OCF. The CFI includes patient and informant versions and 12 supplementary modules addressing specific domains of the OCF. This article summarizes the literature reviews and analyses of experience with the OCF conducted by the DSM-5 Cross-Cultural Issues Subgroup (DCCIS) that informed the development of the CFI. We review the history and contents of the DSM-IV OCF, its use in training programs, and previous attempts to render it operational through questionnaires, protocols, and semi-structured interview formats. Results of research based on the OCF are discussed. For each domain of the OCF, we summarize findings from the DCCIS that led to content revision and operationalization in the CFI. The conclusion discusses training and implementation issues essential to service delivery.

Culture and Psychiatric Diagnosis

Lewis-Fernández, Roberto; Aggarwal, Neil Krishan
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.03%
Since the publication of DSM-IV in 1994, a number of components related to psychiatric diagnosis have come under criticism for their inaccuracies and inadequacies. Neurobiologists and anthropologists have particularly criticized the rigidity of DSM-IV diagnostic criteria that appear to exclude whole classes of alternate illness presentations as well as the lack of attention in contemporary psychiatric nosology to the role of contextual factors in the emergence and characteristics of psychopathology. Experts in culture and mental health have responded to these criticisms by revising the very process of diagnosis for DSM-5. Specifically, the DSM-5 Cultural Issues Subgroup has recommended that concepts of culture be included more prominently in several areas: an introductory chapter on Cultural Aspects of Psychiatric Diagnosis –composed of a conceptual introduction, a revised Outline for Cultural Formulation, a Cultural Formulation Interview that operationalizes this Outline, and a glossary on cultural concepts of distress—as well as material directly related to culture that is incorporated into the description of each disorder. This chapter surveys these recommendations to demonstrate how culture and context interact with psychiatric diagnosis at multiple levels. A greater appreciation of the interplay between culture...

Perspectives of family members participating in cultural assessment of psychiatric disorders: Findings from the DSM-5 International Field Trial

Hinton, Ladson; Aggarwal, Neil; Iosif, Ana-Maria; Weiss, Mitchell; Paralikar, Vasudeo; Deshpande, Smita; Jadhav, Sushrut; Ndetei, David; Nicasio, Andel; Boiler, Marit; Lam, Peter; Avelar, Yesi; Lewis-Fernández, Roberto
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.92%
Despite the important roles families play in the lives of many persons with mental illness across cultures, there is a dearth of data worldwide on how family members perceive the process of cultural assessment as well as to how to best include them. This study addresses this gap in our knowledge through analysis of data collected across six countries as part of a DSM-5 Field Trial of the Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI). At clinician discretion, individuals who accompanied patients to the clinic visit (i.e. patient companions) at the time the CFI was conducted were invited to participate in the cultural assessment and answer questions about their experience. The specific aims of this paper are (1) to describe patterns of participation of patient companions in the CFI across the six countries, and (2) to examine the comparative feasibility, acceptability, and clinical utility of the CFI from companion perspectives through analysis of both quantitative and qualitative data. Among the 321 patient interviews, only 86 (at 4 of 12 sites) included companions, all of whom were family members or other relatives. The utility, feasibility and acceptability of the CFI were rated favorably by relatives, supported by qualitative analyses of debriefing interviews. Cross-site differences in frequency of accompaniment merit further study.

Clinical value of the cultural formulation interview in Pune, India

Paralikar, Vasudeo P; Patil, Kanak V; Nulkar, Amit D; Sarmukaddam, Sanjeev B; Weiss, Mitchell Gralnick
Fonte: Medknow Publicador: Medknow
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.3%
Context: Development of the cultural formulation interview (CFI) in DSM‑5 required validation for cross‑cultural and global use. Aims: To assess the overall value (OV) of CFI in the domains of feasibility, acceptability, and utility from the vantage points of clinician‑interviewers, patients and accompanying relatives. Settings and Design: We conducted cross‑sectional semi‑structured debriefing interviews in a psychiatric outpatient clinic of a general hospital. Materials and Methods: We debriefed 36 patients, 12 relatives and eight interviewing clinicians following the audio‑recorded CFI. We transformed their Likert scale responses into ordinal values – positive for agreement and negative for disagreement (range +2 to −2). Statistical Analysis: We compared mean ratings of patients, relatives and clinician‑interviewers using nonparametric tests. Clinician‑wise grouping of patients enabled assessment of clinician effects, inasmuch as patients were randomly interviewed by eight clinicians. We assessed the influence of the presence of relatives, clinical diagnosis and interview characteristics by comparing means. Patient and clinician background characteristics were also compared. Results: Patients, relatives and clinicians rated the CFI positively with few differences among them. Patients with serious mental disorders gave lower ratings. Rating of OV was lower for patients and clinicians when relatives were present. Clinician effects were minimal. Clinicians experienced with culturally diverse patients rated the CFI more positively. Narratives clarified the rationale for ratings. Conclusions: Though developed for the American DSM‑5...

Formulação cultural do caso em saude mental : uma experiencia num centro primario de saude na cidade de Campinas-SP

Marcelo Guernelli Nucci
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/02/2002 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.56%
Este trabalho foi realizado no campo disciplinar conhecido como Psiquiatria Cultural e está relacionado ao desenvolvimento teórico e aplicação clínica de um instrumento denominado Entrevista de Formulação Cultural. Os objetivos gerais do trabalho incluíram uma discussão teórica sobre o processo de Formulação Cultural a partir da literatura psiquiátrica e da antropologia das sociedades complexas, a valorização do uso da Formulação Cultural no atendimento clínico rotineiro em saúde mental e a ampliação dos conhecimentos associados à análise da cultura no estabelecimento de programas terapêuticos. Os objetivos específicos do trabalho foram o desenvolvimento de uma Entrevista de Formulação Cultural a partir da prática clínica do autor e da revisão bibliográfica realizada, a avaliação da aplicabilidade dessa entrevista em situações clínicas, a apresentação da Formulação Cultural dos Casos dos pacientes estudados, a sugestão de um guia resumido de Formulação Cultural e a discussão de alguns aspectos clínicos relacionados a esse processo. O trabalho foi realizado num Centro Primário de Saúde localizado na periferia da cidade de Campinas (São Paulo). Dez pacientes atendidos no início do tratamento psiquiátrico foram selecionados e submetidos ao instrumento denominado Entrevista de Formulação Cultural. Essa entrevista foi desenvolvida pelo autor utilizando textos relacionados à análise de modelos explanatórios de pacientes e do guia de Formulação Cultural apresentado no manual DSM-IV (APA...

Rituais indígenas na contemporaneidade brasileira : a (re)significação de práticas corporais do povo Bororo

Almeida, Arthur José Medeiros de
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Tese
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.12%
Tese (doutorado)—Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Departamento de Sociologia, 2013.; Os indígenas da etnia Bororo, atualmente, habitam um território descontínuo formado por seis Terras Indígenas no estado de Mato Grosso no centro-oeste do Brasil. Este grupo étnico possui um valioso patrimônio cultural composto por um acervo de bens de natureza material e imaterial que remetem a totalidade da cultura Bororo. Os rituais expressam as normas, os conhecimentos e os valores culturais, bem como fabricam os corpos dos indígenas. Contudo, as práticas corporais que os compõem possuem sentidos e significados que são determinados socialmente. Compreendendo cultura como um processo dinâmico e que se configura como sistema simbólico orientando as representações em diferentes sociedades, atenta-se, neste estudo, para as (re)significações das práticas corporais na contemporaneidade brasileira. O objetivo foi interpretar os sentidos e significados que as práticas corporais – futebol e danças – da etnia indígena Bororo assumem em diferentes contextos. Neste sentido, o foco da investigação foi sobre a relação cultura-política, isto é, sobre os sentidos políticos que adquirem os bens culturais da etnia Bororo. A pesquisa...

Streetwise for book smarts : culture, community organizing, and education reform in the Bronx

Su, Celina
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 2 v. (298 leaves)
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.94%
Education organizing groups that have similar goals frequently employ divergent political strategies in their campaigns. In the literature on social movement organizations, such differences are usually attributed to variations in political context, or variations in resources. This dissertation builds on currently dominant social movement theories by investigating how cultural norms inside organizations also contribute to distinct types of political strategies. Specifically, it utilizes archival, direct observation, and interview data on five education organizing groups in the Bronx to explore the role of cultural norms, usually manifest in the form of rules of membership, activities, and protocols. All of the case study organizations have been engaging in grassroots political campaigns for similar goals in local school reform and funding increases in the South Bronx. The analysis contrasts the categories of Alinsky- and of Freire-derived norms inside these organizations, which, when applied, are more akin to cumulatively developed cultural tool kits than coherently formed, whole "cultures." The dissertation carefully delineates the key characteristics of the two categories. For example, the Freirian category is marked by leadership development that emphasizes the organizer as a partner rather than as a traditional teacher...

Cultural Rationales Guiding Medication Adherence Among African American with HIV/AIDS

Sankar, Andrea; Neufeld, Stewart; Berry, Rico; Luborsky, Mark
Fonte: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publicador: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.95%
To date, only modest gains have been achieved in explaining adherence to medical regimens, limiting effective interventions. This is a particularly important issue for African Americans who are disproportionately affected by the HIV epidemic. Few studies have focused on intragroup variation among African Americans in adherence to ART. The aim of this study was to identify and describe the cultural rationales guiding African American patients' formulation and evaluation of adherence. Rationales are key features of purposeful human action. In-depth interviews with 80 seropositive African Americans were tape recorded, transcribed, and analyzed. Participant CD4, viral load and medical histories were collected at each data point. Analysis of four waves of panel data identified three types of adherence rationales: Authoritative Knowledge Rationale (AKR; n=29, 36.3%), Following Doctors' Orders Rationale (DOR; n=24, 30.0%) and Individualized Adherence Rationale (IAR; n=27, 33.8%). Differences in mean reported adherence between the rationale groups did not achieve statistical significance. However, the fraction reporting low adherence (<70%), although not different by rationale group at the first interview (T1), was significantly higher for the IAR group by the fourth interview (T4). Objective clinical markers (CD4 and viral load) improved over time (from T1 to T4) for AKR and DOR groups...

Formação de professores: perspectivas de formação do curso de Licenciatura em Ciências da Natureza do IF-SC – campus Araranguá

Cechinel, Édice
Fonte: Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense Publicador: Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense
Tipo: Dissertação
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.76%
Dissertação apresentada em cumprimento aos requisitos necessários à obtenção do grau de Mestre, ao Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação, da Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense – UNESC.; Discutir sobre formação de professores é uma necessidade, visto que as diversas contradições e transformações presentes na atualidade e as novas exigências sociais refletem-se nas práticas pedagógicas. Isto exige uma prática que atenda às novas demandas profissionais, sociais, políticas, humanas e culturais. Neste contexto, definiu-se realizar esta pesquisa que tem por título “Formação de Professores: Perspectivas de Formação do Curso de Licenciatura em Ciências da Natureza do IF-SC - Campus Araranguá” e, como objetivo, analisar asmanifestações das perspectivas de formação de professores do curso. No primeiro capítulo do trabalho, apresentam-se a contextualização do objeto de pesquisa, a formulação do problema, a justificativa, os objetivos e a descrição dos procedimentos metodológicos. O capítulo seguinte consiste no levantamento bibliográfico com foco teórico em cinco perspectivas pedagógicas: o professor prático-reflexivo, a pedagogia de Paulo Freire, a pedagogia histórico-crítica, a pedagogia das competências e o professor pesquisador. Também...