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O concurso público no projeto urbanístico: São Paulo, 1998 - 2004; The public contest in the urbanistic project: São Paulo, 1998 - 2004

Lodi, Leticia Takeda
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/05/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
O concurso público no projeto urbanístico é o foco desta pesquisa. Dentro de um universo maior, de intervenções em estruturas urbanas já consolidadas, os concursos representam uma pequena fração destes projetos, mas com diversas particularidades: são eventos de grande visibilidade e divulgação nos meios de comunicação de massa, catalisam discussões sobre a cidade em diversos segmentos da sociedade, geram um envolvimento grande da classe dos arquitetos e democratizam o acesso dos arquitetos a projetos. Este sistema de seleção de projetos tem um processo complexo e que merece atenção. Não apenas focada nos resultados divulgados e projetos vencedores, mas sim para todas as suas etapas: razões históricas que levam à convocação destes eventos, material de base lançado para os participantes, a encomenda do cliente e finalmente o projeto escolhido como vencedor. Os eventos de concurso têm objetivo de gerar discussões sobre uma determinada área a cidade e selecionar o melhor projeto para intervir neste. Grande parte destes resultados não têm se convertidos em melhorias reais e caem em esquecimento pouco depois da sua divulgação. Este trabalho pretende documentar a história de quatro destes eventos e analisá-los. Fundamentados na Cidade de São Paulo...

Uma cidade, várias narrativas: análise interpretativa das monografias premiadas do Concurso História de Bairros de São Paulo; A city, several narratives: interpretative analysis of monographs winning the Contest History of Neighborhoods in São Paulo

Cardoso, Viviane Pedroso Domingues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/03/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.17%
O objetivo desta pesquisa é analisar as monografias premiadas do Concurso História de Bairros de São Paulo, refletindo sobre as escritas e narrativas da história que se fizeram presentes nessas produções. A partir dessas monografias buscamos entender a natureza do Concurso e a pertinência do mesmo ao ser promovido pela Secretaria Municipal de Cultura através da divisão de Patrimônio Histórico e do Arquivo Histórico Municipal , tendo sobrevivido por mais de três décadas. Neste período, o Concurso atravessou diferentes gestões, mudanças de partidos políticos, a ditadura militar e a redemocratização. Entendemos que a partir da análise das monografias premiadas do Concurso História de Bairros podemos encontrar diferentes elementos de reflexão sobre a importância e consumo do conhecimento histórico fora dos muros da universidade e refletir sobre a produção e divulgação das obras fronteiriças de história, inclusive como instrumento de divulgação do conhecimento histórico científico.; The aim of this research is to analyze the winners monographs of the Contest History of São Paulos neighborhoods, reflecting on the written narratives of history that were presented in these productions. Throughout these monographs...

Um estudo avaliativo do novo dispositivo de contratação docente no Brasil : o caso da Prova Nacional de concurso para o ingresso na carreira docente

Magliano, Fernanda Cristina de Freitas Teixeira
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.17%
Dissertação de mestrado em Ciências da Educação (área de especialização em Avaliação); No Brasil, o inciso V do artigo 206 da Constituição Federal de 1988 determina que o ingresso dos profissionais às redes públicas de ensino deva se realizar mediante concurso público de provas e títulos. Entretanto, estudos demonstram que muitos professores atuam por meio de contratos temporários e, quando há concursos, permanece a preocupação com a qualidade das provas utilizadas para a seleção. Na busca por soluções, o Ministério da Educação e Cultura (MEC) iniciou a adoção de um conjunto de medidas voltadas ao fortalecimento da formação do professor e à valorização dos profissionais do magistério, incluindo, neste cenário de transformações, a Portaria Normativa nº 03, de 2 de março de 2011, que instituiu a Prova Nacional de Concurso para o Ingresso na Carreira Docente - Educação Infantil e Anos Iniciais do Ensino Fundamental. Mediante exposição dos principais objetivos da Prova Nacional: qualificar cada vez mais a formação dos educadores, subsidiar as redes públicas de educação na realização de concurso para admissão de docentes e conferir parâmetros de auto-avaliação aos participantes...

Community impact of a localized smoking cessation contest.

Lando, H A; Loken, B; Howard-Pitney, B; Pechacek, T
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/1990 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.29%
The present study assessed the effectiveness of a localized community contest timed to coincide with a statewide smoking cessation contest. Follow-up interviews were conducted with 218 local contest participants and 198 participants from the statewide contest. Overall cessation impact (participation rate x abstinence) was 0.39 percent for the local contest and 0.09 percent for the statewide contest. Localized community contests offered in conjunction with statewide or national campaigns may represent cost-effective methods of reaching large numbers of smokers.

Applying the Quit & Win contest model in the Vietnamese community in Santa Clara County

Lai, K. Q.; McPhee, S.; Jenkins, C.; Wong, C.
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.29%
OBJECTIVE—To evaluate the effectiveness of modifying and applying a Quit & Win contest model to Vietnamese Americans.
DESIGN—Uncontrolled trial, multicomponent program, including two Quit & Win incentive contests, smoking cessation classes, videotape broadcasts, and newspaper articles.
SUBJECTS AND SETTING—Vietnamese smokers living in Santa Clara County, California.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES—Contest participation rates and quit rates at six month follow up; saliva cotinine validation of quitting.
RESULTS—There were 57 eligible contest entrants to the 1995 contest, approximately 0.9% of the potential pool of smokers, and 32 entrants to the 1996 contest, approximately 0.5% of the potential pool. Overall, 48 of 49 (98%) individuals who said that they had quit smoking had validation of that fact by saliva cotinine testing. At six months, telephone follow up of 76 individuals revealed a self reported continued abstinence rate of 84.2%.
CONCLUSION—Modification and application of the Quit & Win contest model for Vietnamese resulted not only in reasonable participation by Vietnamese male smokers, but also good success in initial quitting and an unexpectedly high abstinence rate at six month follow up.


Keywords: cessation; intervention; Vietnamese Americans

Contest outcome in a territorial butterfly: the role of motivation

Bergman, Martin; Olofsson, Martin; Wiklund, Christer
Fonte: The Royal Society Publicador: The Royal Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.17%
In many butterfly species, males compete over areas advantageous for encountering females. Rules for contest settlement are, however, largely unknown and neither morphological nor physiological traits can reliably predict the contest outcome. Here, we test the hypothesis that contests are settled in accordance with a motivation asymmetry. We staged contests between males of Pararge aegeria and after removing the resident, the non-resident was allowed (i) either to interact with a non-receptive female for 30 min (n = 30) or (ii) to spend 30 min alone in the cage (n = 30), after which the initial resident was reintroduced. The results show that males that had interacted with a female had a higher probability of becoming dominant and reversing contest outcome. Moreover, males that were faster to take over a vacant territory when the resident was removed were more likely to become dominant. Here, we show for the first time, to our knowledge, that frequent encounters with a mated female can increase male motivation to persist in a territorial contest in a butterfly. Further, we suggest that variation in intrinsic motivation reflects male eagerness to take over vacant territory. This study indicates that variation in resource value and motivational asymmetries are important for settling contests in butterflies.

The Effects of Residency and Body Size on Contest Initiation and Outcome in the Territorial Dragon, Ctenophorus decresii

Umbers, Kate D. L.; Osborne, Louise; Keogh, J. Scott
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/10/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.17%
Empirical studies of the determinants of contests have been attempting to unravel the complexity of animal contest behaviour for decades. This complexity requires that experiments incorporate multiple determinants into studies to tease apart their relative effects. In this study we examined the complex contest behaviour of the tawny dragon (Ctenophorus decresii), a territorial agamid lizard, with the specific aim of defining the factors that determine contest outcome. We manipulated the relative size and residency status of lizards in contests to weight their importance in determining contest outcome. We found that size, residency and initiating a fight were all important in determining outcomes of fights. We also tested whether residency or size was important in predicting the status of lizard that initiated a fight. We found that residency was the most important factor in predicting fight initiation. We discuss the effects of size and residency status in context of previous studies on contests in tawny dragons and other animals. Our study provides manipulative behavioural data in support of the overriding effects of residency on initiation fights and winning them.

Outcome Evaluation of a Campus-Based Quit and Win Contest

Taylor, Lindsay
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.34%
This study examined abstinence outcomes of a provincial, campus-based Quit and Win contest relative to contestants’ assessments of the prize, buddy support, social support network, and emails. Of the 288 participants providing baseline data, 201 self-reported their smoking and quitting behaviours, use of quit aides, and perceptions of contest components. On 5-point scales, perceived values of the contest prize, buddy support, social support network and email were 4.42, 3.95, 3.89, and 3.46 respectively. Intention to treat analysis showed 27.8% of participants achieved 6-week contest-period abstinence; 19.8% achieved 3-month sustained abstinence. Odds of achieving 3-month abstinence were influenced by age (OR = 1.10, CI =1.03, 1.18) and use of pharmacological quit aides (OR = 0.42, CI = 0.20, 0.88), but not smoking behaviours or contest components. Contest prizes and support were valued, but played an uncertain role in quitting success. Future research might examine their roles in contestant recruitment or retention.

A contest with the taxman - the impact of tax rates on tax evasion and wastefully invested resources

Bayer, R.C.
Fonte: Elsevier Science BV Publicador: Elsevier Science BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.07%
We develop a moral hazard model with auditing where both the principal and the agent can influence the probability that the true state of nature is verified. This setting is widely applicable for situations where fraudulent reporting with costly state verification takes place. However, we use the framework to investigate tax evasion. We model tax evasion as a concealment-detection contest between the taxpayer and the authority. We show that higher tax rates cause more evasion and increase the resources wasted in the contest. Additionally, we find conditions under which a government should enforce incentive compatible auditing in order to reduce wasted resources.; Ralph-C. Bayer; Copyright © 2005 Published by Elsevier B.V.

Communication, coordination and competition in the beauty contest game: eleven classroom experiments

Alba Fern??ndez, Virtudes; Bra??as-Garza, Pablo; Jim??nez Jim??nez, Francisca; Rodero Cosano, Javier
Fonte: Universidad de Granada. Departamento de Teor??a e Historia Econ??mica Publicador: Universidad de Granada. Departamento de Teor??a e Historia Econ??mica
Tipo: Relatório
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
Este trabajo ha sido publicado en Central European Journal of Operations Research 12(4): 369-287 (2004).; This paper introduces some new features in the standard experimental design of the beauty contest in order to allow communication among participants. With that aim, we use the mode instead of the mean and non-rival payoffs. This design encourages students to communicate their guessed number, with a higher probability if subjects know the 0 Nash equilibrium. The lack of communication can only be explained by subjects endowed with competitive other-regarding preferences. Experiments are run in 11 classrooms ranging from 11 to 60 students in size. Participants are given at least one week to submit their guesses and a questionnaire explaining their choice. Results indicate that: i) communication induces coordination in the responses, ii) communication does not guarantee any improvement in the average reasoning level, iii) there exist significative differences according to classroom size and duration of degree.

Foundations for contest success functions

Corchón, Luis C.; Dahm, Matthias
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /01/2007 ENG; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.29%
We examine two approaches to contest success functions. In the first we analyze the implications of contestants´ incomplete information concerning the `type´ of the contest administrator. While in the case of two contestants this approach can rationalize prominent contest success functions, we show that it runs into difficulties when there are more agents. Our second approach interprets contest success functions as sharing rules and establishes a connection to bargaining and claims problems which is independent of the number of contestants. Both approaches provide foundations for popular contest success functions and guidelines for the definition of new ones.

Welfare maximizing contest success functions when the planner cannot commit

Corchón, Luis C.; Dahm, Matthias
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /11/2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.29%
We analyze how a contest organizer chooses the winner when the contestants.efforts are already exerted and commitment to the use of a given contest success function is not possible. We define the notion of rationalizability in mixed-strategies to capture such a situation. Our approach allows to derive different contest success functions depending on the aims and attitudes of the decider. We derive contest success functions which are closely related to commonly used functions providing new support for them. By taking into account social welfare considerations our approach bridges the contest literature and the recent literature on political economy.

7 th Interscholastic Short Story contest 2013

Fonte: Universidad Andrés Bello (Chile) Publicador: Universidad Andrés Bello (Chile)
Tipo: Livro
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.24%
Organized by lnterscholastic Department Directed by Bárbara Durán; Judges: Marcela Sandoval and Silviana Riqueros; Preface On this year 2013, our lnterscholars Contest of Short Stories in Spanish celebrates its 1Oth birthday. lt has been ten years of commitment with the scholar community and the development of reading and writing among our youth. This is another reason of deep proud for our University on its 2S'h anniversary. 1 would like to tell you a story. A few months ago, and after checking severa! e-mails, 1 read Andrés Montero's mail, and 1 wantto mention him specially on these lines. On his letter, he said he wanted to tell his story and explain why having participated in this contest had changed his life. Andrés was a student as many others who liked writing, but he felt ashamed not to mention how difficult is being a writer in Chile. So he decided toaban don his dreams until he saw a poster of the Spanish Short Stories lnterscholars Contest. He participated and had the Second Place Prize, thanks to his talent, of course. The next year, he felt more motivated and secure of himself and participated again. This new adventure made him the winner of the First Place Prize. After that he began to participate in many other contests getting important recognitions to his work. This year...

Foundations for contest success functions

Corchón, Luis C.; Dahm, Matthias
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.29%
In the literature the outcome of contests is either interpreted as win probabilities or as shares of the prize. With this in mind, we examine two approaches to contest success functions. In the rst we analyze the implications of contestants' incomplete information concerning the 'type'of the contest administrator. While in the case of two contestants this approach can rationalize prominent contest success functions, we show that it runs into di¢ culties when there are more agents. Our second approach interprets contest success functions as sharing rules and establishes a connection to bargaining and claims problems which is independent of the number of contestants. Both approaches provide foundations for popular contest success functions and guidelines for the de nition of new ones.

Six-month outcomes of a multi-campus smoking cessation contest

Wilson, Julie Dawn.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.29%
Background: Up to 40% of North American post-secondary students smoke at least occasionally, and most want to quit. Given students' preferences for free, easy-to-access, self-directed, convenient cessation methods, a motivational, incentive-based cessation contest may be an effective way to assist students to quit. The current study describes 3- and 6-month outcomes experienced by post-secondary student smokers who entered the 'Let's Make A Deal!' contest. Methodology: Contestants from five university campuses who chose to quit completely ('Quit For Good') or reduce their tobacco consumption by 50% ('Keep The Count') were invited to participate in a study of the contest. Three and six months after registration, participants were contacted by phone to assess their smoking and quitting behaviours. Qualitative and quantitative measures were collected, including weekly tobacco consumption, efficacy to resist temptations to smoke, use of quitting aids, and strategies to cope with withdrawal. Quitting was assessed using 7-day point prevalence and continuous abstinence. Results: Seventy-four (64.9%) of the 114 participants recruited for the study completed the follow-ups. Over 31 % of participants who entered Quit For Good and 23.5% of participants who entered Keep The Count were identified as quitters at the 6-month follow-up. Among the quitters...

Coalition Formation in a Contest Game with Three Heterogeneous Players

Vorsatz, Marc
Fonte: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas Publicador: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas
Tipo: Documento de trabajo
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.07%
We analyze the incentives for cooperation of three players differing in their efficiency of effort in a contest game. We concentrate on the non-cooperative bargaining foundation of coalition formation, and therefore, we adopt a two-stage model. In the first stage, individuals form coalitions following a bargaining protocol similar to the one proposed by Gul (1989). Afterwards, coalitions play the contest game of Esteban and Ray (1999) within the resulting coalition structure of the first stage. We find that the grand coalition forms whenever the distribution of the bargaining power in the coalition formation game is equal to the distribution of the relative efficiency of effort. Finally, we use the case of equal bargaining power for all individuals to show that other types of coalition structures may be observed as well.; This research was undertaken with support from the fellowship 2001FI 00451 of the Generalitat de Catalunya and HI2001-0039 of the Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología of Spain.

Communication, coordination and competition in the beauty contest game: Eleven classroom experiments

Alba Fernández, Virtudes; Brañas-Garza, Pablo; Jiménez Jiménez, Francisca; Rodero, Javier
Fonte: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas Publicador: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas
Tipo: Documento de trabajo
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
This paper introduces some new features in the standard experimental design of the beauty contest in order to allow communication among participants. With that aim, we use the mode instead of the mean and non-rival payoffs. This design encourages students to communicate their guessed number, with a higher probability if subjects know the 0 Nash equilibrium. The lack of communication can only be explained by subjects endowed with competitive other-regarding preferences. Experiments are run in 11 classrooms ranging from 11 to 60 students in size. Participants are given at least one week to submit their guesses and a questionnaire explaining their choice. Results indicate that: i) communication induces coordination in the responses, ii) communication does not guarantee any improvement in the average reasoning level, iii) there exist significative differences according to classroom size and duration of degree.; The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the University of Jaén R+D program (# 20210/148).

Teaching Nash Equilibrium and Dominance: A Classroom Experiment on the Beauty Contest

Alba Fernández, Virtudes; Brañas-Garza, Pablo; Jiménez Jiménez, Francisca; Rodero, Javier
Fonte: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas Publicador: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas
Tipo: Documento de trabajo
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
The aim of this investigation is to show how the use of classroom experiments may be a good pedagogical tool to teach the Nash equilibrium (NE) concept. For our purposes, the basic game is a repeated version of the Beauty Contest Game (BCG), a simple guessing game in which repetition lets students react to other players’ choices and converge iteratively to the equilibrium solution. We perform this experiment with undergraduate students with no previous training in game theory. After four rounds, we observe a clear decreasing tendency in the average submitted number in all groups. Thus, our findings prove that by playing a repeated BCG, students quickly learn how to reach the NE solution.; The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by the University of Jaén R+D program (# 20210/148).

Does Affirmative Action Reduce Effort Incentives? A Contest Game Analysis

Franke, Jörg
Fonte: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas Publicador: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas
Tipo: Documento de trabajo
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.17%
In this paper a contest game with heterogeneous players is analyzed in which heterogeneity could be the consequence of past discrimination. Based on the normative perception of the heterogeneity there are two policy options to tackle this heterogeneity: either it is ignored and the contestants are treated equally, or affirmative action is implemented which compensates discriminated players. The consequences of these two policy options are analyzed for a simple two-person contest game and it is shown that the frequently criticized trade-off between affirmative action and total effort does not exist: Instead, affirmative action fosters effort incentives. A generalization to the n-person case and to a case with a partially informed contest designer yields the same result if the participation level is similar under each policy.; Financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science through grant SEJ2005-01481/ECON and FEDER, from Generalitat de Catalunya through grant 2005SGR00454, and from Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona is gratefully acknowledged.

Managing the ACM programming contest

Bhaskar, Navin
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Masters Project Formato: 370616 bytes; 420687 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.24%
The Association for Computer Machinery (ACM) conducts an international collegiate programming contest held on an annual basis. Teams compete to solve multiple questions within the allotted six hour duration of the contest. A panel of judges grades the solutions online. The team that answers the maximum questions correctly wins the contest. This application will assist in the process of selection of winners of the programming contest. It will make the process of submission of solutions, and grading of the answers convenient. The ACM application is a Java based and web-enabled application and therefore platform independent.