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Chinese Conceptions of “Rights”: From Mencius to Mao—and Now

Perry, Elizabeth J.
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.02%
The recent explosion of popular protest in China, often framed as a demand for the fulfillment of “rights,” has captured widespread attention. Some observers interpret the protests as signs of a “moral vacuum.” Others see the unrest as signaling a powerful new “rights consciousness.” In either case, the protests are often regarded as a major challenge to the stability of the political system. In this article, an examination of Chinese conceptions of “rights,” as reflected in the ethical discourses of philosophers, political leaders and protesters (and as contrasted with American understandings of rights), provides the basis for questioning prevailing assumptions about the fragility of the Chinese political order. For over two millennia, Chinese political thought, policy, and protest have assigned central priority to the attainment of socioeconomic security. As a result, the meaning of “rights” in Chinese political discourse differs significantly from the Anglo-American tradition. Viewed in historical context, China’s contemporary “rights” protests seem far less politically threatening. The Chinese polity appears neither as vacuous nor as vulnerable as it is sometimes assumed to be.; Government

The thought of Mou Zongsan.

Chan, Nganying Serina
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2010
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
This study introduces and examines the thought of Mou Zongsan 牟宗三 (1909-1995), generally recognised as the most creative and systematic Xin Rujia 新儒家 (New Confucian) thinker. Because very little about his thought has been written in English, this study contributes to the understanding and interpretation of Chinese thought by filling a gap in Western scholarship on a key twentieth-century Ru thinker. The study accomplishes four objectives. The first objective is to examine the making of Mou’s thought by tracing the various influences that shaped his philosophical thinking. Mou’s thought is multi-faceted and complex. It reflects the historical time he lived in, the person he was, and the many ideological and intellectual influences that shaped his thinking. Scholars usually regard Mou’s thought as a contemporary moral metaphysical reading of Ru thought based on the Lu-Wang Learning of the Mind, the stream of Song-Ming Ruxue (Neo-Confucianism) associated with Lu Xiangshan 陸象山 (1139-1193) and Wang Yangming 王陽明 (1472-1529). Yet, as this thesis shows, Mou’s thought is also cultural nationalist, anti-Communist, moral idealistic, Hegelian, and Kantian. The second objective of this thesis is to introduce Mou’s thought as a contemporary reading of Ruxue—in the form of a moral metaphysics based on the Lu-Wang Learning of the Mind. Mou’s moral metaphysics reflects his understanding of the human mind as informed by the teachings of Mengzi 孟子 (Mencius) (ca 372-289 B.C.)...

Silent film music composition in a cross-cultural context.

Guo, Xiaoduo
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.98%
This submission realizes the project Silent Film Music Composition in a Cross-Cultural Context through the composition of music for an excerpt from the silent film “Peach Blossom Weeps Tears of Blood” (Shanghai, 1931). The portfolio consists of a DVD of a 58-minute segment of the film with the newly composed soundtrack. Accompanying it is an exegesis addressing the research questions for this project and outlining the process of composition. The combination of Chinese and Western musical materials in the soundtrack was a major focus of the composition. The music is also designed to explain the rich historical background of the film and is intended to help contemporary audiences, who come from different cultures and age groups, to understand the emotions that are depicted on-screen. The entire score was created on the computer using Logic 9 software. All the instruments used are from the sound library of Logic and the final soundtrack in DVD format has been mastered using Logic. The accompanying exegesis explains the aims of this research and the questions that are to be answered. Research began with investigation into early film music, paying particular attention to Chinese silent films. Several significant reasons are listed for the choice of a Chinese silent film. In order to give a general idea of the development of the Chinese film industry...

Go F!gure Contemporary Chinese Portraiture - curated exhibition

Roberts, C.
Fonte: The National Portrait Gallery & Sherman Contemporary Art Foundation, Sydney; Canberra & Sydney Publicador: The National Portrait Gallery & Sherman Contemporary Art Foundation, Sydney; Canberra & Sydney
Tipo: Event
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
Major curated national exhibition displayed across two venues, The National Portrait Gallery of Australia, Canberra and the Sherman Contemporary Art Foundation, Sydney. The exhibition drew on the largest single collection of experimental Chinese art, then based in Switzerland. The concept for the exhibition and development of the exhibition was based on substantial research and field work. Go Figure ! was the first exhibition to adopt a thematic focus of the portrait or figure as a way of examining the significance of contemporary artistic practice in China over the past thirty years, a period of dramatic socio-economic change. Key works of the period were displayed in new, thought provoking contexts, allowing for the creation of new knowledge and insights. The exhibition received a large amount of publicity and excellent reviews in local, national and international newspapers and journals. The curator was chosen to speak about the exhibition as an outstanding example of transcultural curatorial practice to a meeting of Vice Chancellors from Australian and Chinese Universities.

Qi: Reconsidering its role in the academic study of Chinese medicine

Otsuka, Koji
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.98%
The marked absence of the concept of qi in the academic literature concerning Chinese medicine is highlighted by (1) delineating its importance in the contemporary North American context, and (2) exploring the possible methodological reasons for this shortcoming. The mapping of contexts within which Chinese medicine is received in the U.S. is accomplished by tracking how the concept of qi is translated, understood, and appropriated. Part I explores the North American instantiations of Chinese medicine and situates them within the biomedical context of Complementary and Alternative Medicines (CAMs) and a broader cultural discourse of East-West integrative thought. Part II explores the possible methodological reasons for the neglect of qi in academic discourse. The embodied and tacit nature of qi---as more than an intellectual concept but rather a practical ability---is explored through the concepts of tacit knowledge and orthopraxis. The anthropological literature on embodiment and phenomenology is also reviewed.

Modelos de masculinidad en la literatura chino-americana contemporánea

Soria Somoza, Carolina
Fonte: Universidade da Corunha Publicador: Universidade da Corunha
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.08%
[Resumen] Modelos de masculinidad en la literatura chino-americana contemporánea Esta tesis doctoral estudia los modelos de masculinidad presentes en la literatura chino-americana contemporánea. Para ello, analizo las obras de autores tan representativos como Frank Chin, Louis Chu, David Henry Hwang, Gish Jen, Ha Jin y Maxine Hong Kingston. Mi principal objetivo es examinar las diferencias entre aquellos modelos que resulten obsoletos y estereotípicos de aquellos que puedan ofrecer alternativas viables para las masculinidades chino-americanas. No obstante, con el fin de llevar a cabo un estudio riguroso acerca del origen de los estereotipos masculinos, también examino el marco socio-cultural e histórico de esta minoría étnica. Dado que hablar de masculinidades implica inevitablemente hablar de género y sexo, estos conceptos también ocupan un lugar significativo en este trabajo. Mi aproximación a las masculinidades chino-americanas se apoya tanto en las argumentaciones de críticos como King-kok Cheung o Jinqi Ling, como en las teorías deconstructivas de Jacques Derrida o el pensamiento queer de Judith Butler. Considero que el diálogo entre los planteamientos de la teoría crítica y las obras propone resultados innovadores que servirán para evitar la repetición de imágenes negativas y contribuir a la difusión de modelos nuevos.; Abstract Masculinity Models in Contemporary Chinese-American Literature This dissertation studies the masculinity models present in contemporary Chinese-American literature. In order to do this...

Sino-Mongol culture contacts in the XIII century : a study on Yeh-lu Ch'u-ts'ai

Rachewiltz, Igor de
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.78%
699 p; The present dissertation is a biographical study of the Xiii century statesman and scholar Yeh-lu Ch'u-ts'ai (1189-1243). It is an attempt to refine our understanding of the life, career and thought of this eminent figure in the history of Asia in the light of his own writings and of contemporary accounts. At the same time it is intended to serve as a preliminary investigation to a major work on the early culture contacts between the Mongols and the Chinese.

To acquire wisdom : the "way" of Wang Yang-Ming (1472-1529)

Ching, Julia
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.87%
This is a study of Wang Yang-ming's philosophy, considered as a "Way" of acquiring wisdom and sage­ hood, based on his central insight into the nature of (mind-and-heart), the fundamental principle of all human activity which is capable of determining and of perfecting itself through its intuitive knowledge of the good, at once inborn and acquired. The "Introduction" indicates the broad problem of the quest for wisdom, and of the question of "correctness" of approach and "orthodoxy" of thought which arises, in the context of traditional Chinese philosophy. The first chapter defines the so-called "Confucian Way" as a quest for wisdom, with the latter consisting of the attainment of consciousness of the unity of man with all. things, and of the realisation of a high moral character. It speaks of Han Yu’s effort to "restore" Confucian learning, and especially of the Neo-Confucian synthesis accomplished by Chu His. A brief description of Wang Yang-ming as man and philosopher follows, with special emphasis on his interior evolution. His philosophy is then presented in its gradual development, through an analysis of his teachings of hsin, leading up, after exchanges with certain of his contemporary thinkers, to the discovery of his method of acquiring wisdom through the "extension of liang-chih (knowledge of the good)". The deeper implications of his thought and method are then discussed...

Of master Hongyi's last calligraphic work

Wang, Fei
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.03%
Hongyi (1860-1942) est le maître de l’école bouddhiste appelée « Terre Pure » en Chine moderne. Dans l'histoire du bouddhisme chinois, il est le seul maître bouddhiste qui peut se classer parmi les plus grands calligraphes chinois. Dans l'histoire de la calligraphie chinoise, il est le premier moine-calligraphe qui allie sa foi bouddhiste avec son art calligraphique tout en appliquant des principes de la peinture occidentale à son travail de calligraphie. Son art serve bien sa croyance religieuse et n’est pas indépendent de celle-ci, ce qui est extraordinaire dans l’histoire calligraphique. Il utilise le concept bouddhiste de «une forme sans forme» pour interpréter la calligraphie chinoise, et propose une série de théories calligraphiques bouddhistes pour guider sa pratique. D’ailleurs, sa calligraphie ne sert qu'à retranscrire les textes bouddhistes classiques et contemporains. Ses œuvres illustrent donc l'influence du bouddhisme chinois sur la calligraphie chinoise. Traditionnellement, la dernière œuvre d'un calligraphe est souvent considérée comme son chef-d'œuvre en fonction de deux critères: sa technique et son contenu moral. En outre, quelques-unes des dernières œuvres de grands calligraphes ont survécu. La rareté les rend encore plus précieuses. Bei xin ji jiao («悲欣交集») est la dernière œuvre de Hongyi...

[E]scape : anonymat et politique à l'ère de la mobilisation globale: passages chinois pour la communauté qui vient

Bordeleau, Erik
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
Le thème de la mobilisation totale est au cœur de la réflexion actuelle sur le renouvellement des modes de subjectivation et des manières d’être-ensemble. En arrière-plan, on trouve la question de la compatibilité entre les processus vitaux humains et la modernité, bref, la question de la viabilité du processus de civilisation occidental. Au cœur du diagnostic: l’insuffisance radicale de la fiction de l’homo oeconomicus, modèle de l’individu privé sans liens sociaux et souffrant d’un déficit de sphère. La « communauté qui vient » (Agamben), la « politisation de l’existence » (Lopez Petit) et la création de « sphères régénérées » (Sloterdijk) nomment autant de tentatives pour penser le dépassement de la forme désormais impropre et insensée de l’individualité. Mais comment réaliser ce dépassement? Ou de manière plus précise : quelle traversée pour amener l’individu privé à opérer ce dépassement? Ce doctorat s’organise autour d’une urgence focale : [E]scape. Ce concept suggère un horizon de fuite immanent : il signe une sortie hors de l’individu privé et trace un plan d’idéalité permettant d’effectuer cette sortie. Concrètement, ce concept commande la production d’une série d’analyses théoriques et artistiques portant sur des penseurs contemporains tels que Foucault...

Contemporary Chinese Thought

Makeham, John
Fonte: M E Sharpe Inc Publicador: M E Sharpe Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.78%

The modernisation of China and the Chinese critique of modernity

Golden, Seán,
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Article; info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
The European brand of modernisation that was introduced to China by the force of arms in the 19th-20th centuries had some of its most basic origins in aspects of the traditional Chinese imperial system. This same system impeded China’s ability to resist the imperialist aggressions of modernised “Western” powers and Japan, until the end of the 20th century. Contemporary Chinese culture studies and political, social and economic thought reexamine the “Western” model of modernity from a critical point of view and propose a new postcolonial, postmodern form of modernisation with Chinese characteristics. The Chinese critique of modernity is both a product of Chinese history and an alternative to “Western” paradigms.; La marca europea de modernització introduïda a la Xina per la força de les armes durant els segles XIX i XX tenia alguns dels seus principis més bàsics en aspectes del sistema imperial tradicional xinès. Aquest mateix sistema dificultava la resistència de la Xina front les agressions imperialistes dels poders modernitzats d'"Occident" i del Japó, fins a finals del segle XX. El pensament polític, social i econòmic i els estudis de la cultura xinesa contemporània revisen el model "Occidental" de modernitat des d'un punt de vista crític i així es proposa una nova forma postcolonial i postmoderna de la modernització amb característiques xineses. La crítica xinesa de modernitat és alhora un producte de la història xinesa i una alternativa als paradigmes "occidentals".; La marca europea de modernización introducida en China por la fuerza de las armas durante los siglos XIX y XX tenía algunos de sus principios más básicos en aspectos del sistema imperial tradicional chino. Este mismo sistema dificultaba la resistencia de China frente las agresiones imperialistas de los poderes modernizados de "Occidente" y de Japón...

La construcció del discurs del nou confucianisme per a la Xina del segle XXI

Solé Farràs, Jesús
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 CAT; CAT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.08%
L'atractiu intel·lectual d'observar el procés de redefinició del confucianisme que fou transmès al segle XX va més enllà del mer interès pel contingut ideològic d'un nou corrent de pensament xinès. L'interès afegit d'aquest procés rau precisament en el fet que el segle XXI sigui testimoni de la gènesi, iniciada a la primeria del segle XX, d'una de les etapes d'evolució del confucianisme. Aquesta investigació indaga en el convenciment dels pensadors nous confucianistes que el seu discurs és capaç d'estructurar el relat de la Xina del segle XXI en tots els àmbits. Ara, però, a diferència del gairebé monopoli que va exercir en el relat de la Xina imperial, el nou confucianisme admet la necessitat de conviure amb tots els pensaments filosòfics i ideològics d'una societat plural, i en connexió i diàleg amb les altres cultures del món. Aquest és un treball sobre el discurs que mira d'identificar la presència del nou confucianisme, clúster fonamental dins el pensament xinès contemporani, en els diferents espais discursius del món intel·lectual, i determinar quina és la seva influència actual i on situa la seva voluntat d'influència en el futur. Endinsar-se en el coneixement profund de la cultura xinesa ensenya que els conceptes propis d'aquesta cultura (la majoria dels quals són en el discurs del nou confucianisme) no són conjunturals...

From Status to Contract: Domesticating Modernity in Wuthering Heights, The Mill on the Floss and Dracula

Foreman, Violeta
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Publicado em 04/04/2011 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
15.94%
In England, the nineteenth-century was a time of change. The social developments instigated by the French Revolution in France were making way across the channel, intensified by the technological innovation generated by the Industrial Revolution. As social hierarchies were altered by the rise of the middle class, so too was political organization disturbed with the passage of the Great Reform act of 1832. The final transition to a constitutional monarchy at home, together with the fall of the ancient Spanish, Chinese, Holy Roman, Portuguese and Mughal empires abroad, made the period a time of unprecedented and fundamental change. Modernity, with a unique concentration on the present rather than the glorification of the past found in classicism or romanticism, would become the measure of social life. While the principles that would define modernism were evolving, as Bram Stoker notes, “the old centuries had, and have, powers of their own which mere ‘modernity’ cannot kill.” The literature of the time reflected the transitional phase within the realism of the newly popular medium – the novel. Exploring the role of self and society, the novel, with the genre of realism as its distinguishing feature, allowed for a theoretic space in which social change could be understood and mastered. With antecedents in autobiographic and epistolary works...

Searching for the Chinese Autonomy: Leo Strauss in the Chinese Context

Jiang, Dongxian
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2014
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%

Focusing on the current "Strauss fever" in contemporary China, this thesis addresses two issues: Why Leo Strauss is popular in China, and how Chinese Straussians interpret and apply Leo Strauss's thought in the Chinese context. I argue that, Chinese Straussians are creatively accepting Leo Strauss's thoughts: Strauss's revival of the ancient Western political philosophy reminds Chinese Straussians to turn their eyes toward ancient Chinese thought. By reemphasizing the value of traditional Chinese wisdom, Chinese Straussians find that they have gained a perspective from which to reevaluate the justification of modernity and all relative Enlightenment and postmodern "isms." According to them, returning to the Chinese philosophical tradition will liberate China from the dominance of modern and contemporary Western thought and reestablish the autonomy of Chinese civilization.

; Thesis

How meaning moves: Tan Sitong on borrowing across cultures

Jenco, Leigh K.
Fonte: University of Hawai‘i Press Publicador: University of Hawai‘i Press
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 EN; EN
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15.87%
Much recent comparative political theory and philosophy engages the substantive ideas of historically marginalized thought traditions, but ignores the methodological insights that have structured cross-cultural thinking in diverse times and places. In contrast, this essay examines the cross-cultural methodology of Tan Sitong, an influential Chinese reformer of the Qing dynasty who thought critically and carefully about his country’s engagement with Western knowledge. Tan’s work draws attention to how dynamic and plural meaning (dao) in any society is embedded and produced through externally observable practices and institutions (qi) that can be replicable in other communities. Working from these metaphysical assumptions, he draws attention to the possibility of “authentic” imitation of foreign ways of life. His ambitions to authenticity, however, do not affirm a cultural essence so much as they recognize the process of meaning-production as driven by a necessary tension between continuity or replication, on the one hand, and innovation and interpretation, on the other. Tan therefore provides an important corrective to contemporary accounts that emphasizes how the emergent and hybrid character of cultural constructs tends to ignore the ways in which foreign learning can be a site of discipline as well as a target of inclusion.

New pasts for new futures: a temporal reading of global thought

Jenco, Leigh
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 EN; EN
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36.09%
This paper draws upon the work of the syncretic Chinese Marxist Li Dazhao to elaborate an idea of “global thought” which is more than just a localized form of Western knowledge. Li’s work offers both an example, and also a theory, of global thought: his work emerges from the intersection of multiple trajectories of thought with diverse origins, and in the process offers a theory of agency to explain how action in the present renders those trajectories intelligible as lineages which can inspire future innovations. I argue that this opens the possibility for a global thought defined by a plurality of lineages, whose continuities stretch into the history and future of Asia as well as of Europe. I suggest two such lineages for Li’s work here: one links Li’s work to contemporary Chinese responses; the other to scholarship in political and social theory which emphasizes the vitalist role of time in the exercise of agency. These comparisons demonstrate the extent to which global thought such as Li’s transforms where (and when) thinking in the present and future might ground its arguments, and from which historical materials it might draw its resources.