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Um estudo da relação entre o vínculo parental e a transferência em psicoterapia psicanalítica

Oliveira, Luciana Terra de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
Introdução: É consenso entre os psicanalistas e psicoterapeutas psicanalíticos que a transferência é um elemento central em qualquer forma de psicoterapia. O conceito de transferência, ao longo do tempo, vem se desenvolvendo e mudando. Atualmente ele se refere aos pensamentos, sentimentos, motivações e comportamentos que emergem na relação terapêutica e refletem a personalidade e o funcionamento interpessoal do paciente. A maneira com que o indivíduo se relacionou na infância com pessoas significativas cria modelos de relacionamento que são internalizados e ficam povoando seu mundo interno, servindo de modelo para as relações futuras com o mundo externo. Processos inconscientes do paciente transferem para os outros (incluindo psicoterapeutas) sentimentos e atitudes originalmente associados às figuras importantes do início da sua vida. O estudo da associação entre o modo com que a criança percebeu e vivenciou a relação com seus pais na infância e a maneira com que ela se relaciona atualmente com outras pessoas poderia esclarecer o impacto das relações precoces no desenvolvimento da personalidade e suas implicações no comportamento do sujeito. Objetivos: Este estudo tem como objetivo geral investigar a associação entre o vínculo parental percebido pelo paciente e a transferência realizada com o terapeuta em uma amostra de pacientes em psicoterapia psicanalítica do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA)...

Test of Emotional Comprehension: Exploring the underlying structure through Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Similarity Structure Analysis.

Rocha, A.; Roazzi, A.; Silva, A.; Candeias, A. A.; Minervino, C.; Roazzi, M.; Pons, F.
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Parte de Livro
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.02%
Some decades of research on emotional development have underlined the contribution of several domains to emotional understanding in childhood. Based on this research, Pons and colleagues (Pons & Harris, 2002; Pons, Harris & Rosnay, 2004) have proposed the Test of Emotional Comprehension (TEC) which assesses nine domains of emotional understanding, namely the recognition of emotions, based on facial expressions; the comprehension of external emotional causes; impact of desire on emotions; emotions based on beliefs; memory influence on emotions; possibility of emotional regulation; possibility of hiding an emotional state; having mixed emotions; contribution of morality to emotional experiences. This instrument was administered individually to 182 Portuguese children aged between 8 and 11 years, of 3rd and 4th grades, in public schools. Additionally, we used the Socially in Action-Peers (SAp) (Rocha, Candeias & Lopes da Silva, 2012) to assess TEC’s criterion-related validity. Mean differences results in TEC by gender and by socio-economic status (SES) were analyzed. The results of the TEC’s psychometric analysis were performed in terms of items’ sensitivity and reliability (stability, test-retest). Finally, in order to explore the theoretical structure underlying TEC a Confirmatory Factor Analysis and a Similarity Structure Analysis were computed. Implications of these findings for emotional understanding assessment and intervention in childhood are discussed.

Socially in Action-Peers (SAp): Validation by Means of Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and Similarity Structure Analysis (SSA).

Rocha, A.; Candeias, A. A.; Roazzi, A.
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Parte de Livro
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.1%
THIS STUDY AIMED TO DEMONSTRATE THE VALUE AND PSYCHOMETRIC QUALITIES OF AN INSTRUMENT THAT ASSESSES SOCIAL COMPETENCE FOR CHILDREN IN CRITICAL SOCIAL SITUATIONS WITHIN THE RELATIONSHIPS WITH PEERS IN THE SCHOOL CONTEXT - SOCIALLY IN ACTION-PEERS (SAP) USING CONFIRMATORY FACTOR ANALYSIS (CFA) AND SIMILARITY STRUCTURE ANALYSIS (SSA). THIS INSTRUMENT WAS ADMINISTERED TO 182 PORTUGUESE CHILDREN AGED BETWEEN 8 AND 11 YEARS, OF 3RD AND 4TH GRADES. THESE CHILDREN WERE ASSESSED BY THREE SOURCES: THEMSELVES, THEIR PEERS AND THEIR TEACHER. ADDITIONALLY, WE USED THE TEST OF EMOTION COMPREHENSION (PONS & HARRIS, 2002; PONS, HARRIS & ROSNAY, 2004) TO ASSESS SAP’S CRITERION-RELATED VALIDITY. MEAN DIFFERENCES RESULTS IN SAP BY GENDER WERE ANALYZED. CONCERNING TO GENDER, WE ONLY HAVE FOUND GENDER SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES IN A FEW ITEMS AND IN THE GENERAL ASSESSMENT MADE BY TEACHERS, IN WHICH GIRLS BEING CONSIDERED SUPERIOR. THE RESULTS OF THE SAP’S PSYCHOMETRIC ANALYSIS ARE SATISFACTORY, BOTH IN TERMS OF ITEMS’ SENSITIVITY AND RELIABILITY (INTERNAL CONSISTENCY) IN THREE VERSIONS (SELF-ASSESSMENT, PEER AND TEACHER). FINALLY, WE PERFORMED A CONFIRMATORY FACTOR ANALYSIS THAT CONFIRMED THAT THE MODEL UNDERLYING THE INSTRUMENT’S RATIONAL: A HIERARCHICAL MODEL WITH A 1ST ORDER FACTOR (COMPOSITE SOCIAL COMPETENCE) THAT HAS THREE FACTORS OF 2ND ORDER (CONSISTING OF THE THREE SOURCES OF EVALUATION: SELF...

Test of Emotional Comprehension: Exploring the underlying structure through Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Similarity Structure Analysis.

Rocha, A.; Roazzi, A.; Silva, A.; Candeias, A. A.; Minervino, C.; Roazzi, M.; Pons, F.
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.02%
Some decades of research on emotional development have underlined the contribution of several domains to emotion understanding in childhood. Based on this research, Pons and colleagues (Pons & Harris, 2002; Pons, Harris & Rosnay, 2004) have proposed the Test of Emotion Comprehension (TEC) which assesses nine domains of emotion understanding, namely the recognition of emotions, based on facial expressions; the comprehension of external emotional causes; impact of desire on emotions; emotions based on beliefs; memory influence on emotions; possibility of emotion regulation; possibility of hiding an emotional state; having mixed emotions; contribution of morality to emotion experiences. This instrument was administered individually to 182 Portuguese children aged between 8 and 11 years, of 3rd and 4th grades, in public schools. Additionally, we used the Socially in Action-Peers (SAp) (Rocha, Candeias & Lopes da Silva, 2012) to assess TEC’s criterion-related validity. Mean differences results in TEC by gender and by socioeconomic status (SES) were analyzed. The results of the TEC’s psychometric analysis were performed in terms of items’ sensitivity and reliability (stability, test-retest). Finally, in order to explore the theoretical structure underlying TEC a Confirmatory Factor Analysis and a Similarity Structure Analysis were computed. Implications of these findings for emotion understanding assessment and intervention in childhood are discussed.

Socially in Action-Peers (SAp): Validation by Means of Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and Similarity Structure Analysis (SSA)

Rocha, A.; Candeias, A. A.; Roazzi, A.
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.03%
This study aimed to demonstrate the value and psychometric qualities of an instrument that assesses social competence for children in critical social situations within the relationships with peers in the school context - Socially in Action-Peers (SAp) using CFA and SSA. This instrument was administered to 182 Portuguese children aged between 8 and 11 years, of 3rd and 4th grades. These children were assessed by three sources: themselves, their peers and their teacher. Additionally, we used the Test of Emotion Comprehension (Pons & Harris, 2002; Pons, Harris & Rosnay, 2004) to assess SAp’s criterion-related validity. Mean differences results in SAp by gender were analyzed. Concerning to gender, we only have found gender significant differences in a few items and in the general assessment made by teachers, in which girls being considered superior. The results of the SAp’s psychometric analysis are satisfactory, both in terms of items’ sensitivity and reliability (internal consistency) in three versions (self-assessment, peer and teacher). Finally, we performed a confirmatory factor analysis that confirmed that the model underlying the instrument’s rational: a hierarchical model with a 1st order factor (composite social competence) that has three factors of 2nd order (consisting of the three sources of evaluation: self...

Confirmatory factor analysis and temporal invariance of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS)

Galinha,Iolanda Costa; Pereira,Cicero Roberto; Esteves,Francisco Gomes
Fonte: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.9%
This paper analyzes the structure and the temporal invariance of the Portuguese version of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule. Previous studies are not consensual whether PANAS measures two or three affect factors and whether such factors are independent or correlated. In order to fill in this gap, we compared the original PANAS, as an independent bi-dimensional structure, with several other alternative structures. Two hundred forty five university students and professional trainees answered the questionnaire in two distinct moments with a two month interval. The model of PANAS with a structure of two independent factors, Positive Affect (PA) and Negative Affect (NA), as proposed by the authors of the scale, was tested. However, the best model consisted of two independent factors, PA and NA, with the cross-loading of the item "excited" between PA and NA, and specified error correlations between the same categories of emotions. Another gap in the literature is the temporal invariance analysis of the PANAS. This paper assesses the temporal invariance of the scale, using the structural equation modeling analysis. Although it was used in its state form version, the PANAS scale showed temporal stability in a two month interval.

Analysis of psychometric properties of the cube test to evaluate visuospatial reasoning

Muniz,Monalisa; Rueda,Fabián Javier Marín; Nery,Juliana Carnevalli Siqueira
Fonte: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.91%
The objective of the present research was to contribute with new information regarding the validity evidence of the Cube Test. More specifically, psychometric properties of the items were analyzed through the Item Response Theory (IRT) and the test structure was analyzed using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). The sample was composed of 684 subjects, with a mean age of 21.3 years (SD = 5.94) and 50.3% were female. Results showed that IRT analyses confirm the adjustment of the items to the model, whereas the CFA suggested that a two-factor model was the most adequate. The findings, besides offering favorable results about the instrument, supported the validity evidence present in the Cube Test manual.

Confirmatory factor analysis of the portuguese Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21

Apóstolo,João Luís Alves; Tanner,Barry Allen; Arfken,Cynthia Lee
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.96%
To determine which of three published models best characterizes the factor structure of the Portuguese version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 and to assess its validity and reliability. Confirmatory factor analysis of Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 for 1,297 adult, primary care outpatients (66.7% female, Mage = 48.57 years) comparing 3 models. The relationship between the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule was analyzed. The correlated 3-factor model fit the data best. The scale demonstrated good internal consistency, with alpha scores of the subscales ranging from 0.836 to 0.897. Correlation with the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule was positive and moderate with the negative affect scale; it was negative and limited with the positive affect. These findings support the correlated 3-factor structure. The test demonstrated adequate reliability and construct validity, which supports its use for screening in primary care settings with Portuguese speakers.

Confirmatory factor analysis of the Beck Depression Inventory-II and the association with cardiac morbidity and mortality after coronary revascularization

Tully, P.; Winefield, H.; Baker, R.; Turnbull, D.; Jonge, P.
Fonte: Sage Publications Ltd Publicador: Sage Publications Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.96%
This study examined the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) with Confirmatory Factor Analysis and followed up cardiac morbidity and mortality for a median of 4.9 years among 226 coronary artery bypass graft patients. Cardiac morbidity and mortality events (n = 65, 28.8%) were associated with BDI-II cognitive factor z-score (adjusted hazard ratio = 1.36, 95% confidence interval 1.02 — 1.82, p = .04), controlling for left ventricular impairment, age, respiratory disease, heart failure, renal disease and diabetes. A cognitive depression factor marked by pessimism, past failure, self-criticalness and worthlessness was consistently associated with cardiac morbidity and mortality, contrasting to other work.; Phillip J. Tully, Helen R. Winefield, Robert A. Baker, Deborah A. Turnbull, Peter de Jonge

Erroneous gambling-related beliefs as illusions of primary and secondary control: a confirmatory factor analysis

Ejova, A.; Delfabbro, P.; Navarro, D.
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.93%
Different classification systems for erroneous beliefs about gambling have been proposed, consistently alluding to ‘illusion of control’ and ‘gambler’s fallacy’ categories. None of these classification systems have, however, considered the how the illusion of control and the gambler’s fallacy might be interrelated. In this paper, we report the findings of a confirmatory factor analysis that examines the proposal that most erroneous gambling-related beliefs can be defined in terms of Rothbaum et al.’s (J Pers Soc Psychol, doi:10.1037/0022-3514.42.1.5, 1982) distinction between ‘primary’ and ‘secondary’ illusory control, with the former being driven to a large extent by the well-known gambler’s fallacy and the latter being driven by a complex of beliefs about supernatural forces such as God and luck. A survey consisting of 100 items derived from existing instruments was administered to 329 participants. The analysis confirmed the existence of two latent structures (beliefs in primary and secondary control), while also offering support to the idea that gambler’s fallacy-style reasoning may underlie both perceived primary control and beliefs about the cyclical nature of luck, a form of perceived secondary control. The results suggest the need for a greater focus on the role of underlying processes or belief structures as factors that foster susceptibility to specific beliefs in gambling situations. Addressing and recognising the importance of these underlying factors may also have implications for cognitive therapy treatments for problem gambling.; Anastasia Ejova...

A confirmatory factor analysis of Attitudes Toward Mathematics Inventory (ATMI)

Majeed, A.A.; Darmawan, I.G.N.; Lynch, P.
Fonte: Association of Mathematics Educators Publicador: Association of Mathematics Educators
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.01%
Students’ attitudes toward mathematics have been known to influence students’ participation, engagement, and achievement in mathematics. A variety of instruments have been developed to measure students’ attitudes toward mathematics for example Mathematics Attitude Scale (Aiken, 1974), Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitudes Scales (Fennema & Sherman, 1976), and Attitudes Toward Mathematics Inventory (ATMI) (Tapia & Marsh, 1996). The purpose of this paper is to report the validation of the ATMI instrument. It was administered to 699 Year 7 and 8 students in 14 schools in South Australia. The students responded on a five-point Likert scale. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) supported the original four-factor correlated structure based on several fit indices. The validation provided evidence that ATMI can be a viable scale to measure students’ attitudes toward mathematics in a South Australian context; Aysha Abdul Majeed, I Gusti Ngurah Darmawan, Peggy Lynch

Confirmatory Factor Analysis using Amos, LISREL, Mplus, SAS/STAT CALIS

Albright, Jeremy J.; Park, Hun Myoung
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.96%
Factor analysis is a statistical method used to find a small set of unobserved variables (also called latent variables, or factors) which can account for the covariance among a larger set of observed variables (also called manifest variables). A factor is an unobservable variable that is assumed to influence observed variables. Scores on multiple tests may be indicators of intelligence (Spearman, 1904); political liberties and popular sovereignty may measure the quality of a country’s democracy (Bollen, 1980); or issue emphases in election manifestos may signify a political party’s underlying ideology (Gabel & Huber, 2000). Factor analysis is also used to assess the reliability and validity of measurement scales (Carmines & Zeller, 1979).

Validación del constructo subyacente en una escala de evaluación del impacto de la investigación educativa sobre la práctica docente mediante análisis factorial confirmatorio; Validation of the underlying construct in a rating scale to assess the impact of educational research on teaching practice using confirmatory factor analysis

Díaz Costa, Elisabet; Fernández-Cano, Antonio; Faouzi, Tarik; Henríquez, Carlos Felipe
Fonte: Universidade de Múrcia Publicador: Universidade de Múrcia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.05%
This article examines the validation stages of a rating scale to assess the impact of educational research on teaching practice, paying particular attention to the procedures to validate the underlying construct. To achieve this aim, we considered the research problem, sample availability, and criteria of scientific rigor for developing survey instruments, specifically a rating scale. Data drawn from a rating scale are applied to a sample of 62 teachers at the University of Granada (Spain) and 117 non-university teachers. Through a secondary analysis of the data, the different stages to validate the construct were developed, obtaining three constructs comprising 16 items of the 43 items available. The study shows that confirmatory factor analysis is more powerful than exploratory factor analysis in validating the underlying construct of a measurement instrument (rating scale) and in reducing the scale items.; Este artículo muestra las etapas de validación de una escala de evaluación del impacto de la investigación educativa en la práctica docente, enfatizando los procedimientos de validez del constructo subyacente. Para ello, se tuvieron en consideración el problema a investigar y los criterios de rigor científico propios de la construcción de instrumentos de encuesta...

A confirmatory factor analysis of the Acute Stress Disorder Interview

Brooks, R.; Silove, D.; Bryant, R.; O'Donnell, M.; Creamer, M.; McFarlane, A.
Fonte: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ Publicador: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.09%
Acute stress disorder (ASD) was introduced in 1994 to describe posttraumatic stress reactions that occur in the initial month after trauma exposure. Although it comprises the distinct symptom clusters of dissociation, reexperiencing, avoidance, and arousal, there have been no confirmatory factor analyses of the construct. In this study, 587 individuals admitted to five major hospitals after traumatic injury were administered the Acute Stress Disorder Interview. Forty-four participants met criteria for ASD. Confirmatory factor analysis based on the four symptom clusters described the Acute Stress Disorder Interview responses. These data provide the first confirmatory factor analysis of the ASD symptoms, and are discussed in terms of the 4-factor models repeatedly found in samples of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder.; Robert Brooks and Derrick Silove; Richard Bryant; Meaghan O’Donnell and Mark Creamer; Alexander McFarlane; Published in Journal of Traumatic Stress, 2008; 21 (3):352-355 at www.interscience.wiley.com Copyright © 2008 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies.

Dimensionality of the premenstrual syndrome: confirmatory factor analysis of premenstrual dysphoric symptoms among college students

Wang,Y.-P.; Teng,C.-T.; Vieira Filho,A.H.G.; Gorenstein,C.; Andrade,L.H.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.05%
Premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) seem to form a severity continuum with no clear-cut boundary. However, since the American Psychiatric Association proposed the research criteria for PMDD in 1994, there has been no agreement about the symptomatic constellation that constitutes this syndrome. The objective of the present study was to establish the core latent structure of PMDD symptoms in a non-clinical sample. Data concerning PMDD symptoms were obtained from 632 regularly menstruating college students (mean age 24.4 years, SD 5.9, range 17 to 49). For the first random half (N = 316), we performed principal component analysis (PCA) and for the remaining half (N = 316), we tested three theory-derived competing models of PMDD by confirmatory factor analysis. PCA allowed us to extract two correlated factors, i.e., dysphoric-somatic and behavioral-impairment factors. The two-dimensional latent model derived from PCA showed the best overall fit among three models tested by confirmatory factor analysis (c²53 = 64.39, P = 0.13; goodness-of-fit indices = 0.96; adjusted goodness-of-fit indices = 0.95; root mean square residual = 0.05; root mean square error of approximation = 0.03; 90%CI = 0.00 to 0.05; Akaike's information criterion = -41.61). The items "out of control" and "physical symptoms" loaded conspicuously on the first factor and "interpersonal impairment" loaded higher on the second factor. The construct validity for PMDD was accounted for by two highly correlated dimensions. These results support the argument for focusing on the core psychopathological dimension of PMDD in future studies.

Human resources management policies and practices scale (HRMPPS): exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis

Demo,Gisela; Neiva,Elaine Rabelo; Nunes,Iara; Rozzett,Kesia
Fonte: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração Publicador: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.04%
Given the strategic relevance of Human Resources Management (HRM) in organizations and the lack of scientific instruments to measure employees' perceptions about policies and practices of HRM, this study aimed to validate the Human Resources Management Policies and Practices Scale (HRMPPS) through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis using the maximum likelihood method. The study has a quantitative design, but also included qualitative analysis required for the development of a scale. Employees from various organizations composed a sample of 632 people. Scale reliability was assessed by Cronbach's alpha and Jöreskog's rho. A six-factor model was generated showing high-reliability and good fit. Construct validity was provided through convergent and discriminant analyses. The factors were consistent with the literature review and explained about 58% of the construct's total variance. This study contributes to the scientific production in the area of Human Resources Management since HRMPPS can be used not only in relational studies but also as an evaluation instrument by managers who wish to improve their employees' well-being as well as organizational outcomes.

Constraints for non-zero secondary loadings in confirmatory factor analysis

Beauducel, Andre
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
In the context of confirmatory factor analysis, the independent clusters model has been found to be overly restrictive in several research contexts. Therefore, a less restrictive criterion for parsimony of non-salient loadings in confirmatory factor analysis was proposed. The criterion is based on 'buffered scales', which have been introduced by Cattell and Tsujioka (1964) as optimal indicators of corresponding factors. Variables with positive and negative loadings on an unwanted factor are balanced out in a buffered scale, so that the variance of the unwanted factor is at minimum. It is proposed here to specify a balance of positive and negative secondary loadings by means of model constraints in order to achieve parsimony of loading patterns. The specification of buffered simple structure by means of model constraints was illustrated by means of a simulation study and an empirical example.; Comment: This version contains further developments of the constraints for confirmatory factor analysis, whereas the aspects referring to exploratory factor analysis were removed. The concepts referring to buffered simple structure for exploratory factor analysis can be found in the previous version

Wording effects and the factor structure of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12)

Molina, Juan Gabriel; Rodrigo Giménez, María F.; Losilla Vidal, Josep Maria; Vives Brosa, Jaume
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.93%
The 12-item version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) has become a popular screening instrument with which to measure general psychological health in different settings. Previous studies into the factorial structure of the GHQ-12 have mainly supported multifactor solutions, and only a few recent works have shown that the GHQ-12 was best represented by a single substantive factor when method effects associated with negatively worded items were considered. Confirmatory factor analysis was applied to compare competing measurement models from previous research, including correlated traits–correlated methods and correlated traits–correlated uniquenesses approaches, to obtain further evidence about the factorial structure of the GHQ-12. This goal was achieved with data from 3,050 participants who completed the GHQ-12 included in the Catalonian Survey of Working Conditions (Catalonian Labor Relations and Quality of Work Department, 2012). The results showed additional evidence that the GHQ-12 has a unidimensional structure after controlling for method effects associated with negatively worded items. Furthermore, we found evidence for our hypothesis about the spurious nature of the 3-factor solution in Graetz’s (1991) model after comparing its fit with that found for alternative models resulting from different combinations of the negatively worded items. An implication of our results is that future research about the factor structure of the GHQ-12 should take method effects associated with negative wording into account in order to avoid reaching inaccurate conclusions about its dimensionality

Percepção de apoio social na adolescência: análise fatorial confirmatória da escala Social Support Appraisals; Social support appraisals during adolescence: a confirmatory factor analysis of the Social Support Appraisals scale

Antunes, Cristina; Fontaine, Anne Marie
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2005 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.91%
Durante a adolescência, a percepção de apoio social parece estar relacionada com o ajustamento psicossocial do adolescente e com o processo de desenvolvimento da sua auto-estima e da sua identidade. Este estudo aprecia algumas das qualidades psicométricas de um instrumento construído por Vaux para avaliar a percepção dos adolescentes do apoio emocional recebido da família, dos amigos e dos professores, o Social Support Appraisal (SSA). A sua consistência interna em estudantes portugueses do 7º ao 12º ano de escolaridade é satisfatória e melhora com a progressão na escolaridade. A sua estrutura, evidenciada graças ao recurso à técnica de modelação de estruturas covariantes (análise fatorial confirmatória, com o programa EQS, Bentler) revelou-se multidimensional e hierárquica, formada por um fator de segunda ordem e por três fatores de primeira ordem, que diferenciam a percepção de apoio social dos amigos, dos professores e da família.; Social support has been studied as an important variable, related to several aspects of Human behaviour and psychological well-being. During adolescence, the perception of support from the most important network resources - such as family, peers and teachers - seems to be related to the children's psychosocial adjustment...

Confirmatory factor analysis of the portuguese Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21; Análisis factorial confirmatoria de la versión portuguesa de la Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21; Análise fatorial confirmatória da versão portuguesa da Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21

Apóstolo, João Luís Alves; Tanner, Barry Allen; Arfken, Cynthia Lee
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2012 ENG; POR; SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.96%
To determine which of three published models best characterizes the factor structure of the Portuguese version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 and to assess its validity and reliability. Confirmatory factor analysis of Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 for 1,297 adult, primary care outpatients (66.7% female, Mage = 48.57 years) comparing 3 models. The relationship between the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule was analyzed. The correlated 3-factor model fit the data best. The scale demonstrated good internal consistency, with alpha scores of the subscales ranging from 0.836 to 0.897. Correlation with the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule was positive and moderate with the negative affect scale; it was negative and limited with the positive affect. These findings support the correlated 3-factor structure. The test demonstrated adequate reliability and construct validity, which supports its use for screening in primary care settings with Portuguese speakers.; El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar cual de los tres modelos publicados mejor caracteriza la estructura factorial de la versión portuguesa de la Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) y evaluar su validez y confiabilidad. Se compararon los tres modelos a través de análisis factorial confirmatoria de la DASS-21...