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Molecular Characterization and Physical Mapping of Two Classes of 5S rDNA in the Genomes of Gymnotus sylvius and G. inaequilabiatus (Gymnotiformes, Gymnotidae)

Scacchetti, P. C.; Alves, J. C. P.; Utsunomia, R.; Claro, F. L.; Toledo, Lurdes Foresti de Almeida; Oliveira, C.; Foresti, F.
Fonte: KARGER; BASEL Publicador: KARGER; BASEL
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.81%
The nucleotide sequences of the 5S rRNA multigene family and their distribution across the karyotypes in 2 species of Gymnotiformes, genus Gymnotus (G. sylvius and G. inaequilabiatus) were investigated by means of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The results showed the existence of 2 distinct classes of 5S rDNA sequences in both species: class I and class II. A high conservative pattern of the codifying region of the 5S rRNA gene was identified, contrasting with significant alterations detected in the nontranscribed spacer (NTS). The presence of TATA-like sequences along the NTS of both species was an expected occurrence, since such sequences have been associated with the regulation of the gene expression. FISH using 5S rDNA class I and class II probes revealed that both gene classes were collocated in the same chromosome pair in the genome of G. sylvius, while in that of G. inaequilabiatus, class II appeared more disperse than class I. Copyright (C) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel; CNPq; CNPq; CAPES; CAPES; FAPESP; FAPESP

Mapeamento comparativo de QTLs entre sorgo sacarino e cana-de-açúcar para caracteres bioenergéticos; Comparative QTL mapping between sweet sorghum and sugarcane for bioenergy traits

Pereira, Guilherme da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/03/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.8%
Sorgo sacarino e cana-de-açúcar são duas importantes gramíneas com fins potencialmente bioenergéticos. No entanto, apesar do conhecido relacionamento evolutivo, os genomas dessas espécies diferem em complexidade e tamanho. O sorgo, Sorghum bicolor, é diploide, com número básico de cromossomos igual a dez, os quais totalizam ~ 726 Mb já sequenciadas. Já a cana cultivada, Saccharum × officinarum, é um autopoliploide com frequente aneuploidia, e apresenta genoma monoploide estimado em ~ 1 Gb. Provavelmente, decorre deste fato, e dos cruzamentos interespecíficos que originaram as variedades atuais, a relativa dificuldade em se realizar estudos genéticos em cana, e, como consequência, em se incrementar os trabalhos de melhoramento na espécie. Nesse contexto, a possibilidade de integrar estudos de mapeamento entre sorgo e cana torna-se viável dado o emprego de metodologias apropriadas. O presente trabalho objetivou mapear e comparar QTLs para caracteres agro-industriais nos genomas de ambas as espécies, baseando-se no relacionamento evolutivo existente entre elas. Para tanto, foram utilizadas duas populações de mapeamento. A população de sorgo sacarino foi constituída por 223 RILs genotipadas por mais de cem mil marcadores baseados em GBS fisicamente mapeados contra o genoma da espécie. A população de cana-de-açúcar constituiu-se de uma progênie F1 segregante com 153 indivíduos genotipados por 500 marcadores baseados em géis (SSR e TRAP) e 7.049 marcadores baseados em GBS...

Molecular Characterization and Physical Mapping of Two Classes of 5S rDNA in the Genomes of Gymnotus sylvius and G. inaequilabiatus (Gymnotiformes, Gymnotidae)

Scacchetti, P. C.; Alves, J. C. P.; Utsunomia, R.; Claro, F. L.; de Almeida Toledo, L. F.; Oliveira, C.; Foresti, Fausto
Fonte: Karger Publicador: Karger
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 131-137
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.81%
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); The nucleotide sequences of the 5S rRNA multigene family and their distribution across the karyotypes in 2 species of Gymnotiformes, genus Gymnotus (G. sylvius and G. inaequilabiatus) were investigated by means of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The results showed the existence of 2 distinct classes of 5S rDNA sequences in both species: class I and class II. A high conservative pattern of the codifying region of the 5S rRNA gene was identified, contrasting with significant alterations detected in the nontranscribed spacer (NTS). The presence of TATA-like sequences along the NTS of both species was an expected occurrence, since such sequences have been associated with the regulation of the gene expression. FISH using 5S rDNA class I and class II probes revealed that both gene classes were collocated in the same chromosome pair in the genome of G. sylvius, while in that of G. inaequilabiatus, class II appeared more disperse than class I. Copyright (C) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel

Construction of a river buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) whole-genome radiation hybrid panel and preliminary RH mapping of chromosomes 3 and 10

Amaral, M. E. J.; Owens, K. E.; Elliott, J. S.; Fickey, C.; Schaeffer, A. A.; Agarwala, R.; Womack, J. E.
Fonte: Pagepress Publ Publicador: Pagepress Publ
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 237-245
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.78%
The buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) not only is a useful source of milk, it also provides meat and works as a natural source of labor and biogas. To establish a project for buffalo genome mapping a 5,000-rad whole genome radiation hybrid panel was constructed for river buffalo and used to build preliminary RH maps from two chromosomes (BBU 3 and BBU10). The preliminary maps contain 66 markers, including coding genes, cattle ESTs and microsatellite loci. The RH maps presented here are the starting point for mapping additional loci, in particular, genes and expressed sequence tags that will allow detailed comparative maps between buffalo, cattle and other species to be constructed. A large quantity of DNA has been prepared from the cell lines forming the RH panel reported here and will be made publicly available to the international community both for the study of chromosome evolution and for the improvement of traits important to the role of buffalo in animal agriculture.

Construction of a river buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) whole-genome radiation hybrid panel and preliminary RH mapping of chromosomes 3 and 10

Amaral, M. E. J.; Owens, K. E.; Elliott, J. S.; Fickey, C.; Schaeffer, A. A.; Agarwala, R.; Womack, J. E.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Publicador: Blackwell Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 311-314
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.75%
The buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is a source of milk and meat, and also serves as a draft animal. In this study, a 5000-rad whole-genome radiation hybrid (RH) panel for river buffalo was constructed and used to build preliminary RH maps for BBU3 and BBU10 chromosomes. The preliminary maps contain 66 markers, including coding genes, cattle expressed sequence tags (ESTs) and microsatellite loci. The RH maps presented here are the starting point for mapping additional loci that will allow detailed comparative maps between buffalo, cattle and other species whose genomes may be mapped in the future. A large quantity of DNA has been prepared from the cell lines forming the river buffalo RH panel and will be made publicly available to the international community both for the study of chromosome evolution and for the improvement of traits important to the role of buffalo in animal agriculture.

Chromosomal evolution and comparative gene mapping in the Drosophila repleta species group

Ruiz,Alfredo; Ranz,José María; Cáceres,Mario; Segarra,Carmen
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/1997 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.88%
A review of our recent work on the cromosomal evolution of the Drosophila repleta species group is presented. Most studies have focused on the buzzatii species complex, a monophyletic set of 12 species which inhabit the deserts of South America and the West Indies. A statistical analysis of the length and breakpoint distribution of the 86 paracentric inversions observed in this complex has shown that inversion length is a selected trait. Rare inversions are usually small while evolutionary successful inversions, fixed and polymorphic, are predominantly of medium size. There is also a negative correlation between length and number of inversions per species. Finally, the distribution of inversion breakpoints along chromosome 2 is non-random, with chromosomal regions which accumulate up to 8 breakpoints (putative "hot spots"). Comparative gene mapping has also been used to investigate the molecular organization and evolution of chromosomes. Using in situ hybridization, 26 genes have been precisely located on the salivary gland chromosomes of D. repleta and D. buzzatii; another nine have been tentatively identified. The results are fully consistent with the currently accepted chromosomal homologies between D. repleta and D. melanogaster...

Xenoduplex Analysis—A Method for Comparative Gene Mapping Using Hybrid Panels

Marklund, Lena; Jeon, Jin-Tae; Andersson, Leif
Fonte: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press Publicador: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1998 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.04%
Somatic cell hybrid (SCH) panels and radiation hybrid (RH) panels are powerful resources for comparative gene mapping because gene assignments are made without the detection of genetic polymorphism as needed for linkage mapping. A frequently encountered problem, however, is that the gene specific primers may amplify homologous PCR products of equal length from the donor and recipient species of the panel. Here, we describe a simple solution to this problem in which we utilize the formation of interspecies heteroduplexes that can be easily distinguished from the corresponding homoduplexes by native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. We denote these DNA–DNA interspecies hybrids, xenoduplexes (xeno = Gr. Xenos, foreigner). A merit of the method is that the formation of xenoduplexes strongly suggests that the PCR products from the two species represent homologous sequences. The method is thus particularly useful for comparative gene mapping when the PCR primers have been designed by use of sequence information from other species. In this study we have successfully used xenoduplex analysis and a pig-rodent SCH panel to map seven porcine genes (ACADM, AT3, HOXD, IL8RB, LEPR, PAX8, PKLR) for which no previous sequence information was available. The assignment of the leptin receptor gene (LEPR) to pig chromosome 6q32–35 excluded LEPR as a candidate gene for a QTL on pig chromosome 4 with a major effect on fatness.

Parallel Radiation Hybrid Mapping: A Powerful Tool for High-Resolution Genomic Comparison

Yang, Ya-Ping; Womack, James E.
Fonte: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press Publicador: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/1998 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.99%
Comparative gene mapping in mammals typically involves identification of segments of conserved synteny in diverse genomes. The development of maps that permit comparison of gene order within conserved synteny has not advanced beyond the mouse map that takes advantage of linkage analysis in interspecific backcrosses. Radiation hybrid (RH) mapping provides a powerful tool for determining order of genes in genomes for which gene-based linkage mapping is impractical. Comparative RH mapping of 24 orthologous genes in this study revealed internal structural rearrangements between human chromosome 17 (HSA17) and bovine chromosome 19 (BTA19), two chromosomes known previously to be conserved completely and exclusively at level of synteny. Only six of the 24 genes had been previously ordered on the human G3 RH map. The use of the G3 panel to map the other 18, however, produced parallel RH maps for comparison of gene order at a resolution of <5 Mb on the bovine linkage map and from 1 to 3 Mb in the human physical map.

Comparative gene mapping: order of loci on the X chromosome is different in mice and humans.

Francke, U; Taggart, R T
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/1980 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.79%
For comparative studies we have used the somatic cell hybridization approach to regionally map genes on the mouse X chromosome. Fibroblasts from a mouse with the balanced reciprocal translocation T(XD;16B5)16H were fused with a Chinese hamster cell line (V79/380-6) deficient in activity of the enzyme hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT). Interpecific cell hybrids were initially selected for retention of the mouse translocation chromosome carrying the Hprt gene. Subsequently, hybrid clones were counterselected to force segregation of this chromosome. Selected and counterselected hybrid clones were analyzed for their chromosome content by trypsin/Giemsa banding and for expression of the mouse forms of the X-linked enzymes HPRT and alpha-galactosidase (GALA) by isoelectric focusing. The results indicate that the breakpoint on the mouse X chromosome (in band XD) has separated the genes for HPRT (Hprt) and for GALA (Ags). Hprt is proximal to the breakpoint in region Xcen-XD and Ags is distal in region XD-Xter. The gene order in the mouse (centromere-Hprt-Ags) is therefore inverted when compared to the order of the homologous loci on the long arm of the human X (centromere-GALA-HPRT).

A Medaka Gene Map: The Trace of Ancestral Vertebrate Proto-Chromosomes Revealed by Comparative Gene Mapping

Naruse, Kiyoshi; Tanaka, Minoru; Mita, Kazuei; Shima, Akihiro; Postlethwait, John; Mitani, Hiroshi
Fonte: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press Publicador: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.85%
The mapping of Hox clusters and many duplicated genes in zebrafish indicated an extra whole-genome duplication in ray-fined fish. However, to reconstruct the preduplication chromosomes (proto-chromosomes), the comparative genomic studies of more distantly related teleosts are essential. Medaka and zebrafish are ideal for this purpose, because their lineages separated from their last common ancestor ∼140 million years ago. To reconstruct ancient vertebrate chromosomes, including the chromosomes of the vertebrate ancestor of humans from 450 million years ago, we mapped 818 genes and expressed sequence tags (ESTs) on a single meiotic backcross panel obtained from inbred strains of the medaka, Oryzias latipes. Comparisons of linkage relationships of orthologous genes among three species of vertebrates (medaka, zebrafish, and human) indicate the number and content of the chromosomes of the last common ancestor of ray-fined fish and lobe-fined fish (including humans), and the extra whole genome duplication event in the ray-fin lineage occurred in the common ancestor of perhaps all teleosts.

Genome-Wide Association Study Reveals Genetic Architecture of Eating Behavior in Pigs and Its Implications for Humans Obesity by Comparative Mapping

Do, Duy Ngoc; Strathe, Anders Bjerring; Ostersen, Tage; Jensen, Just; Mark, Thomas; Kadarmideen, Haja N
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 19/08/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.85%
This study was aimed at identifying genomic regions controlling feeding behavior in Danish Duroc boars and its potential implications for eating behavior in humans. Data regarding individual daily feed intake (DFI), total daily time spent in feeder (TPD), number of daily visits to feeder (NVD), average duration of each visit (TPV), mean feed intake per visit (FPV) and mean feed intake rate (FR) were available for 1130 boars. All boars were genotyped using the Illumina Porcine SNP60 BeadChip. The association analyses were performed using the GenABEL package in the R program. Sixteen SNPs were found to have moderate genome-wide significance (p<5E-05) and 76 SNPs had suggestive (p<5E-04) association with feeding behavior traits. MSI2 gene on chromosome (SSC) 14 was very strongly associated with NVD. Thirty-six SNPs were located in genome regions where QTLs have previously been reported for behavior and/or feed intake traits in pigs. The regions: 64–65 Mb on SSC 1, 124–130 Mb on SSC 8, 63–68 Mb on SSC 11, 32–39 Mb and 59–60 Mb on SSC 12 harbored several signifcant SNPs. Synapse genes (GABRR2, PPP1R9B, SYT1, GABRR1, CADPS2, DLGAP2 and GOPC), dephosphorylation genes (PPM1E, DAPP1, PTPN18, PTPRZ1, PTPN4, MTMR4 and RNGTT) and positive regulation of peptide secretion genes (GHRH...

An Integrative Method for Accurate Comparative Genome Mapping

Swidan, Firas; Rocha, Eduardo P. C; Shmoish, Michael; Pinter, Ron Y
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46%
We present MAGIC, an integrative and accurate method for comparative genome mapping. Our method consists of two phases: preprocessing for identifying “maximal similar segments,” and mapping for clustering and classifying these segments. MAGIC's main novelty lies in its biologically intuitive clustering approach, which aims towards both calculating reorder-free segments and identifying orthologous segments. In the process, MAGIC efficiently handles ambiguities resulting from duplications that occurred before the speciation of the considered organisms from their most recent common ancestor. We demonstrate both MAGIC's robustness and scalability: the former is asserted with respect to its initial input and with respect to its parameters' values. The latter is asserted by applying MAGIC to distantly related organisms and to large genomes. We compare MAGIC to other comparative mapping methods and provide detailed analysis of the differences between them. Our improvements allow a comprehensive study of the diversity of genetic repertoires resulting from large-scale mutations, such as indels and duplications, including explicitly transposable and phagic elements. The strength of our method is demonstrated by detailed statistics computed for each type of these large-scale mutations. MAGIC enabled us to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the different forces shaping prokaryotic genomes from different clades...

A Comparative Gene Map of the Horse (Equus caballus)

Caetano, Alexandre R.; Shiue, Yow-Ling; Lyons, Leslie A.; O'Brien, Steven J.; Laughlin, Thomas F.; Bowling, Ann T.; Murray, James D.
Fonte: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press Publicador: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1999 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.83%
A comparative gene map of the horse genome composed of 127 loci was assembled based on the new assignment of 68 equine type I loci and on data published previously. PCR primers based on consensus gene sequences conserved across mammalian species were used to amplify markers for assigning 68 equine type I loci to 27 horse synteny groups established previously with a horse-mouse somatic cell hybrid panel (SCHP, UC Davis). This increased the number of coding genes mapped to the horse genome by over 2-fold and allowed refinements of the comparative mapping data available for this species. In conjunction with 57 previous assignments of type I loci to the horse genome map, these data have allowed us to confirm the assignment of 24 equine synteny groups to their respective chromosomes, to provisionally assign nine synteny groups to chromosomes, and to further refine the genetic composition established with Zoo-FISH of two horse chromosomes. The equine type I markers developed in this study provide an important resource for the future development of the horse linkage and physical genome maps.

Comparative physical mapping links conservation of microsynteny to chromosome structure and recombination in grasses

Bowers, John E.; Arias, Miguel A.; Asher, Rochelle; Avise, Jennifer A.; Ball, Robert T.; Brewer, Gene A.; Buss, Ryan W.; Chen, Amy H.; Edwards, Thomas M.; Estill, James C.; Exum, Heather E.; Goff, Valorie H.; Herrick, Kristen L.; Steele, Cassie L. James;
Fonte: National Academy of Sciences Publicador: National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.76%
Nearly finished sequences for model organisms provide a foundation from which to explore genomic diversity among other taxonomic groups. We explore genome-wide microsynteny patterns between the rice sequence and two sorghum physical maps that integrate genetic markers, bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) fingerprints, and BAC hybridization data. The sorghum maps largely tile a genomic component containing 41% of BACs but 80% of single-copy genes that shows conserved microsynteny with rice and partially tile a nonsyntenic component containing 46% of BACs but only 13% of single-copy genes. The remaining BACs are centromeric (4%) or unassigned (8%). The two genomic components correspond to cytologically discernible “euchromatin” and “heterochromatin.” Gene and repetitive DNA distributions support this classification. Greater microcolinearity in recombinogenic (euchromatic) than nonrecombinogenic (heterochromatic) regions is consistent with the hypothesis that genomic rearrangements are usually deleterious, thus more likely to persist in nonrecombinogenic regions by virtue of Muller's ratchet. Interchromosomal centromeric rearrangements may have fostered diploidization of a polyploid cereal progenitor. Model plant sequences better guide studies of related genomes in recombinogenic than nonrecombinogenic regions. Bridging of 35 physical gaps in the rice sequence by sorghum BAC contigs illustrates reciprocal benefits of comparative approaches that extend at least across the cereals and perhaps beyond.

Evolution of mammalian genome organization inferred from comparative gene mapping

Murphy, William J; Stanyon, Roscoe; O'Brien, Stephen J
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.76%
Comparative genome analyses, including chromosome painting in over 40 diverse mammalian species, ordered gene maps from several representatives of different mammalian and vertebrate orders, and large-scale sequencing of the human and mouse genomes are beginning to provide insight into the rates and patterns of chromosomal evolution on a whole-genome scale, as well as into the forces that have sculpted the genomes of extant mammalian species.

A combinatorial approach of comprehensive QTL-based comparative genome mapping and transcript profiling identified a seed weight-regulating candidate gene in chickpea

Bajaj, Deepak; Upadhyaya, Hari D.; Khan, Yusuf; Das, Shouvik; Badoni, Saurabh; Shree, Tanima; Kumar, Vinod; Tripathi, Shailesh; Gowda, C. L. L.; Singh, Sube; Sharma, Shivali; Tyagi, Akhilesh K.; Chattopdhyay, Debasis; Parida, Swarup K.
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 19/03/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.92%
High experimental validation/genotyping success rate (94–96%) and intra-specific polymorphic potential (82–96%) of 1536 SNP and 472 SSR markers showing in silico polymorphism between desi ICC 4958 and kabuli ICC 12968 chickpea was obtained in a 190 mapping population (ICC 4958 × ICC 12968) and 92 diverse desi and kabuli genotypes. A high-density 2001 marker-based intra-specific genetic linkage map comprising of eight LGs constructed is comparatively much saturated (mean map-density: 0.94 cM) in contrast to existing intra-specific genetic maps in chickpea. Fifteen robust QTLs (PVE: 8.8–25.8% with LOD: 7.0–13.8) associated with pod and seed number/plant (PN and SN) and 100 seed weight (SW) were identified and mapped on 10 major genomic regions of eight LGs. One of 126.8 kb major genomic region harbouring a strong SW-associated robust QTL (Caq'SW1.1: 169.1–171.3 cM) has been delineated by integrating high-resolution QTL mapping with comprehensive marker-based comparative genome mapping and differential expression profiling. This identified one potential regulatory SNP (G/A) in the cis-acting element of candidate ERF (ethylene responsive factor) TF (transcription factor) gene governing seed weight in chickpea. The functionally relevant molecular tags identified have potential to be utilized for marker-assisted genetic improvement of chickpea.

A Radiation Hybrid Map of the Cat Genome: Implications for Comparative Mapping

Murphy, William J.; Sun, Shan; Chen, Zhang-qun; Yuhki, Naoya; Hirschmann, Deborah; Menotti-Raymond, Marilyn; O'Brien, Stephen J.
Fonte: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press Publicador: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
Ordered gene maps of mammalian species are becoming increasingly valued in assigning gene variants to function in human and animal models, as well as recapitulating the natural history of genome organization. To extend this power to the domestic cat, a radiation hybrid (RH) map of the cat was constructed integrating 424 Type I-coding genes with 176 microsatellite markers, providing coverage over all 20 feline chromosomes. Alignment of parallel RH maps of human and cat reveal 100 conserved segments ordered (CSOs) between the species, nearly three times the number observed with reciprocal chromosome painting analyses. The observed number is equivalent to theoretical predictions of the number of conserved segments to be found between cat and human, implying that 300–400 Type I gene markers is sufficient to reveal nearly all conserved segments for species that exhibit the most frequently observed “slow” rate of genome reorganization. The cat–human RH map comparisons provide a new genomic tool for comparative gene mapping in the cat and related Felidae, and provide confirmation that the cat genome organization is remarkably conserved compared with human. These data demonstrate that ordered RH-based gene maps provide the most precise assessment of comparing genomes...

Characterizing the chromosomes of the Australian model marsupial Macropus eugenii (Tammar wallaby)

Alsop, Amber; Miethke, Patricia; Rofe, Ruth; Koina, Edda; Sankovic, Natasha; Deakin, Janine; Haines, Helen; Rapkins, Robert; Graves, Jennifer
Fonte: Kluwer Academic Publishers Publicador: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
Marsupials occupy a phylogenetic middle ground that is very valuable in genome comparisons of mammal and other vertebrate species. For this reason, whole genome sequencing is being undertaken for two distantly related marsupial species, including the model kangaroo species Macropus eugenii (the tammar wallaby). As a first step towards the molecular characterization of the tammar genome, we present a detailed description of the tammar karyotype, report the development of a set of molecular anchor markers and summarize the comparative mapping data for this species.

Physical mapping of T cell receptor loci (TRA@, TRB@, TRD@ and TRG@) in the opossum (Monodelphis domestica)

Deakin, Janine; Parra, Zuly E; Graves, Jennifer; Miller, Robert D
Fonte: S Karger AG Publicador: S Karger AG
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.76%

From brain determination to testis determination: Evolution of the mammalian sex-determining gene

Graves, Jennifer
Fonte: CSLI Publications Publicador: CSLI Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.94%
In mammals, sex is determined by an XY male:XX female sex chromosome system in which a male-dominant gene on the Y chromosome (SRY) determines testis formation. Sex chromosomes evolved from an ordinary autosome pair as the Y chromosome was progressively degraded. The Y chromosome has lost nearly all of its 1500 original genes, and those that survived did so because they evolved a critical role in male determination or differentiation. SRY is typical of Y-borne genes. Comparative gene mapping and sequencing shows that SRY arose quite recently as a degraded version of the SOX3 gene on the X chromosome. SOX3 is expressed predominantly in brain, and so is more likely to be a brain-determining than a testis-determining gene. The male-dominant action of SRY may be an illusion, as its structure suggests that it works by interfering with the action of a related gene, which in turn inhibits testis development. This hypothesis can give a good account of how a brain-determining gene acquired a role in testis determination via differential dosage of SOX3. SRY has no central role in sex determination and it can be replaced as a trigger and lost, as have many other Y-borne genes in recent evolutionary history. The absence of SRY in two species of the mole vole (Ellobius) suggests that its useful life is already running out.