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Investing in Young Children : An Early Childhood Development Guide for Policy Dialogue and Project Preparation

Naudeau, Sophie; Kataoka, Naoko; Valerio, Alexandria; Neuman, Michelle J.; Elder, Leslie Kennedy
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
Investing in young children is the responsible thing to do. All children deserve a chance to grow into healthy, educated, and competent people, no matter where and when they were born. While parents bear most of the responsibility for raising their children, especially in the early years of life, governments also have an important role during this critical time of human capital accumulation. For example, governments can ensure that all expectant mothers and young children have access to quality health services and nutrition. They can support parents and other caregivers in providing a positive and stimulating environment for children from birth on by promoting parenting information programs, investing in direct services such as home-based visits, funding daycare centers and preschools, or providing financial incentives to access good quality programs for infants and children. This Early Childhood Development (ECD) guide presents lessons and experiences that have been useful in informing the policy debate about ECD interventions and the design of such programs across the world. Whether the user of this guide is at the initial stage of deciding whether to expand an ECD portfolio or already in the program design stage...

Early Childhood Development in Latin America and the Caribbean

Schady, Norbert
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
There is considerable evidence that young children in many developing countries suffer from profound deficits in nutrition, health, fine and gross motor skills, cognitive development, and socio-emotional development. Early childhood development (ECD) outcomes are important markers of the welfare of children. In addition, the deleterious effects of poor outcomes in early childhood can be long-lasting, affecting school attainment, employment, wages, criminality, and measures of social integration of adults. This paper considers the theoretical case to be made for investments in early childhood, selectively reviews the literature on the impact of ECD programs in the United States, discusses the evidence from Latin America and the Caribbean, and makes suggestions for future research. The focus is on the relation between outcomes in early childhood and measures of household socioeconomic status, child health, and parenting practices, as well as on the impact of specific policies and programs. The knowledge base on early childhood outcomes is still thin in Latin America and the Caribbean. There are therefore very high returns to comparative descriptive analysis in the region, as well as to careful evaluations of the impact of various programs.

Early Childhood Development in Cape Verde and Guinea

Jaramillo, A.; Tietjen, K.
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
The note explores the need to identify both cost effective, and adaptable interventions in the promotion of early childhood care and education (ECCE) programs, to benefit communities, and countries at large. To this end, based on a Bank sector study that examines such programs in Cape Verde, as a relatively wealthy African country, and in comparison Guinea, as a relatively poor country, it is emphasized that the feasibility of different approaches may be country specific. The study questions the overall status, and profile of early childhood development programs, and the factors determining child enrollment in pre-school programs, as well as the extent of influence of pre-school attendance in child development. It also reviews the program characteristics, seemingly effective in terms of child development, including the policy implications of these programs in terms of costs, financing, and implementation. Findings, and recommendations suggest that pre-school education can be a double-edged sword, that can both alleviate...

Early Childhood Development Operations in Latin and Caribbean Region (LCR) : Jamaica, Mexico, and Brazil in Focus

Holland, Peter; Evans, David
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.15%
The rationale and evidence of the effectiveness of investing early in children is compelling: early childhood is the most rapid period of development in a human life, with incredible brain development occurring (85 percent of the brain is wired by age 5). Investments in Early Childhood Development (ECD) are among the most effective and cost-effective investments a country can make in its people. Simply put, investing in ECD is an investment for life. Children who participate in ECD programs demonstrate improved school readiness, success, and completion; improved health; reduced risky behavior and crime; and higher productivity and income. Perhaps most importantly for public policy, delays in early childhood are difficult and costly to reverse later in life. The World Bank is particularly well-poised to help clients further the ECD agenda in their countries and improve medium and long-term development for generations to come. Given the inherently multi-sectoral nature of ECD interventions, including inter alia health...

Colombia : Early Childhood Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
This report presents an analysis of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) programs and policies that affect young children in Colombia and recommendations to move forward.

Tajikistan : Early Childhood Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
This report presents an analysis of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) programs and policies which affect young children in Tajikistan. This report is part of a series of reports prepared by the World Bank using the Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER)-ECD framework. Tajikistan has a population of 7.76 million people, of which 35 percent are below the age of 15. Unlike some countries in the region, Tajikistan has a positive population growth rate. SABER-ECD collects, analyzes and disseminates comprehensive information on ECD policies around the world. In each participating country, extensive multi- sectoral information is collected on ECD policies and programs through a desk review of available government documents, data and literature, and interviews with a range of ECD stakeholders, including government officials, service providers, civil society, development partners and scholars. SABER-ECD identifies three core policy goals that countries should address to ensure optimal ECD outcomes: establishing an enabling environment...

Jamaica Early Childhood Development : SABER Country Report 2013

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
This report presents an analysis of the early childhood development (ECD) programs and policies that affect young children in Jamaica and recommendations to move forward. This report is part of a series of reports prepared by the World Bank using the systems approach for better education results (SABER)-ECD framework and includes analysis of early learning, health, nutrition, and social and child protection policies and interventions in Jamaica, along with regional and international comparisons. In 2003, the early childhood commission (ECC) was established as a body corporate reporting to the Minister of Education and Youth with responsibility to coordinate the various sectors involved in ECD and oversee the quality of early childhood institutions (ECIs). As of 2013, the Government of Jamaica (GoJ) is in the process of developing a new national strategic plan (2013-2017) as well as a national multi-sector ECD policy. The present SABER-ECD analysis is intended to identify achievements, as well as gaps, in Jamaican ECD policies and programs in hopes of informing the development of the new plan.

Bulgaria Early Childhood Development : SABER Country Report 2013

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
This report presents an analysis of the early childhood development (ECD) programs and policies that affect young children in Bulgaria and recommendations to move forward. This report is part of a series of reports prepared by the World Bank using the systems approach for better education results (SABER)-ECD framework and includes analysis of early learning, health, nutrition, and social and child protection policies and interventions in Bulgaria, along with regional and international comparisons. The Government of Bulgaria (GoB) recognizes the critical importance of ECD through the range of national laws and regulations in place to promote the provision of adequate early childhood interventions. The present SABER ECD analysis is intended to identify achievements, as well as gaps, in Bulgarian ECD policies and programs in hopes of informing the improvement of the existing ECD system.

Mauritius Early Childhood Development : SABER Country Report 2012

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
This report presents an analysis of the early childhood development (ECD) programs and policies which affect young children in Mauritius. It is part of a series of reports prepared by the World Bank using the systems approach for better education results (SABER)-ECD framework and includes analysis of early learning, health, nutrition, and social and child protection policies and interventions in Mauritius, along with some regional and international comparisons. The Government of Mauritius (GoM) runs free public preschools, and gives cash transfers to private schools for every child enrolled. The GoM offers free public healthcare, including essential health and nutrition services for pregnant women and young children. While the GoM has implemented important ECD policies and programs, some aspects of the legal framework and systems to monitor and assure quality can be improved.

Seychelles Early Childhood Development : SABER Country Report 2013

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
This report presents an analysis of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) programs and policies that affect young children in Seychelles. This report is part of a series of reports prepared by the World Bank using the SABER ECD framework and includes analysis of early learning, health, nutrition, and social and child protection policies and interventions in Seychelles, along with regional and International comparisons. The SABER ECD initiative is designed to enable ECD policymakers and development partners identify opportunities for further development of effective ECD systems. The SABER ECD classification system does not rank countries according to any overall scoring; rather, it is intended to share information on how different ECD systems address the same policy challenges. This country report presents a framework to compare Seychelles ECD system with other countries in the region and internationally. Each of the nine policy levers are examined in detail and some policy options are identified to strengthen ECD are offered.

Independent State of Samoa Early Childhood Development : SABER Country Report 2013

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
This report presents an analysis of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) programs and policies which affect young children in the Samoa. This report is part of a series of reports prepared by the World Bank using the SABER-ECD framework. The country report includes analysis of early learning, health, nutrition, social and child protection policies and interventions in Samoa, along with regional and international comparisons. The SABER-ECD initiative is designed to enable ECD policy makers and development partners to identify opportunities for further development of effective ECD systems. The SABER-ECD classification system does not rank countries according to any overall scoring; rather, it is intended to share information on how different ECD systems address the same policy challenges. This country report presents a framework to benchmark the Samoa s ECD system; each of the nine policy levers are examined in detail and some policy options are recommended.

Yemen Early Childhood Development : SABER Country Report 2013

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
This report presents an analysis of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) programs and policies that affect young children in Yemen. This report is part of a series of reports prepared by the World Bank using the SABER-ECD framework and includes analysis of early learning, health, nutrition, and social and child protection policies and interventions in Yemen, along with regional and international comparisons. The SABER-ECD initiative is designed to enable ECD policymakers and development partners identify opportunities for further development of effective ECD systems. The SABER-ECD classification system does not rank countries according to any overall scoring; rather, it is intended to share information on how different ECD systems address the same policy challenges. This country report presents a framework to compare Yemen s ECD system with other countries in the region and internationally. Each of the nine policy levers are examined in detail and some policy options to strengthen ECD are offered. Yemen s National Strategy for Early Childhood shows a commitment to improving services for young children in the country. The challenge to address malnutrition...

Tuvalu : Early Childhood Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
This report presents an analysis of the early childhood development (ECD) programs and policies which affect young children in Tuvalu and recommendations to move forward. It is part of a series of reports prepared by the World Bank using the systems approach for better education results (SABER)-ECD framework and includes analysis of early learning, health, nutrition, and social and child protection policies and interventions in Tuvalu, along with some regional and international comparisons.

Expanding Access to Early Childhood Development : Using Interactive Audio Instruction

World Bank Group; Education Development Center
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.18%
The returns to investments in early childhood development (ECD) are manifold and can include improved school readiness, reduced drop-out rates, higher labor force productivity and greater social cohesion. Despite these high returns, enrollment in early childhood education is just 18 percent across Africa, with disproportionately high enrollment from children in urban areas and from wealthier families. Interactive Audio Instruction (IAI) is a distance learning technology that can deliver low-cost, culturally appropriate education via radio or mobile audio technology. It is a highly effective tool to reach children who can be hard to reach through conventional programs, including the rural poor and children with disabilities. IAI can also be an effective form of service delivery in unstable and conflict-affected regions.

Republic of Mali Early Childhood Development; SABER Country Report 2013

World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
This report presents an analysis of the early childhood development (ECD) programs and policies that affect young children in Mali and recommendations to move forward. This report is part of a series of reports prepared by the World Bank using the systems approach for better education results (SABER) - ECD framework and includes analysis of early learning, health, nutrition, and social and child protection policies, and interventions in Mali, along with regional and international comparisons.

Albania Early Childhood Development; SABER Country Report 2015

World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
This report presents an analysis of the early childhood development (ECD) programs and policies that affect young children in Albania and recommendations to move forward. This report is part of a series of reports prepared by the World Bank using the systems approach for better education results (SABER) - ECD framework and includes analysis of early learning, health, nutrition, and social and child protection policies, and interventions in Albania, along with regional and international comparisons.

No Small Matter : The Impact of Poverty, Shocks, and Human Capital Investments in Early Childhood Development

Alderman, Harold
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
The relative lack of attention to early childhood development in many developing countries remains a puzzle, and an opportunity. There is increasing evidence that investments in the nutritional, cognitive, and socio-emotional development of young children have high payoffs. Researchers and development practitioners are building on this evidence to raise the topic's profile and bring it to the attention of decision makers. This volume is an important contribution to these efforts. It thoroughly and carefully reviews the most recent empirical literature linking early childhood development outcomes, poverty, and shocks. In doing so, it brings an added perspective to the debate and makes the case that investments in the first years of life have the potential to be a critical component of poverty reduction strategies. The volume also goes beyond simply documenting the consequences of insufficient or inadequate focus on early childhood and identifies the range of policy options available to policy makers. The Human Development Perspectives series seeks to present thorough research findings on issues of critical strategic importance for developing countries. At its core is the perspective that investments in human capital are an essential aspect of efforts to promote global development and eradicate poverty. This volume makes it convincingly clear that investing in and protecting the human capital of young children is no small matter.

Uganda : Early Childhood Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
This report presents an analysis of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) programs and policies that affect young children in Uganda and recommendations to move forward. This report is part of a series of reports prepared by the World Bank using the Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER)-ECD framework1 and includes analysis of early learning, health, nutrition and social and child protection policies and interventions in Uganda, along with regional and international comparisons. Uganda's population is estimated at 35.8 million people, of which almost half (49.9 percent) is below 14 years of age. SABER-ECD collects, analyzes and disseminates comprehensive information on ECD policies around the world. In each participating country, extensive multi-sectoral information is collected on ECD policies and programs through a desk review of available government documents, data and literature, and interviews with a range of ECD stakeholders, including government officials, service providers, civil society...

Impact Evaluation of Three Types of Early Childhood Development Interventions in Cambodia

Bouguen, Adrien; Filmer, Deon; Macours, Karen; Naudeau, Sophie
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
Scaling up early childhood development services has the potential to increase children's cognitive and socio-emotional development and promote school readiness in a large segment of the population. This study used a randomized controlled trial approach to evaluate three scaled-up programs designed to widen access to early childhood development services: formal preschools, community preschools, and home-based services. The impacts of all three programs fell short of expectations because of two key flaws in how they were scaled up. First, implementation did not receive due attention; as a result, school facilities were not completed as planned, community-based programs were not always established, and low, irregular stipends created difficulties in hiring and retaining teachers. Second, the services that were available were not promoted and thus not used as widely as anticipated. The results imply that the quality of programs supplied is critical, as is attention to the demand side of the problem. The finding that these programs fell short of expectations does not mean that interventions such as these are ineffective. Rather...

Kyrgyz Republic : Early Childhood Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
This report presents an analysis of the Early Childhood Development (ECD) programs and policies which affect young children in the Kyrgyz Republic. This report is part of a series of reports prepared by the World Bank using the Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER)-ECD framework and1 with financial and technical support from United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF). The Kyrgyz Republic has a population of 5.5 million inhabitants, of which 65 percent reside in rural locations. Nearly 36.8 percent of the population lives below the poverty line, and 8.6 percent of the eligible workforce is unemployed. SABE-ECD collects, analyzes and disseminates comprehensive information on ECD policies around the world. In each participating country, extensive multi-sectoral information is collected on ECD policies and programs through a desk review of available government documents, data and literature, and interviews with a range of ECD stakeholders, including government officials...