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Uma experiência de desenvolvimento de projetos didáticos na educação infantil bilíngüe.; Bilingualism in early childhood education: an experience with the project approach.

Martins, Marizilda Guimarães Lemos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/07/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.19%
Este trabalho investiga o ensino bilíngüe na educação infantil. Apoiado em pesquisas recentes sobre o bilingüismo, ele propõe uma reflexão sobre as características de uma pedagogia de projetos na educação infantil, a partir da análise de uma experiência com projetos didáticos realizada com crianças, com idades entre 3 e 4 anos, em uma pré-escola bilíngüe (português/inglês) em São Paulo. Este estudo apresenta, portanto, o resultado dessa experiência. Tanto a abordagem de projetos, notadamente na educação infantil, como a aquisição de uma segunda língua por crianças pequenas têm sido objetos de intensa pesquisa nos últimos anos. Entretanto, pesquisas em que o foco seria o trabalho com projetos, usado como uma estratégia para a aprendizagem em todas as áreas da educação infantil, utilizando uma segunda língua como meio de instrução, não têm surgido com freqüência, ainda que a incidência desses fatores em conjunto não seja rara. A análise parte de uma perspectiva sócio-cultural, notadamente da teoria de Vygotsky, recentemente utilizada como fonte de compreensão para o processo de aquisição de uma segunda língua. Observou-se que nesse processo as crianças são colocadas em situações que são práticas sociais de investigação...

Influências do bilingüismo precoce sobre o desenvolvimento infantil: uma leitura a partir da teoria da equilibração de Jean Piaget; The influence of Early Bilingualism on child development: an interpretation based on Jean Piagets equilibration theory

Flory, Elizabete Villibor
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/02/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.56%
A partir de revisão de literatura sobre as influências do Bilingüismo precoce sobre o desenvolvimento infantil, foram selecionados os seguintes temas a serem analisados à luz da teoria da equilibração, de Jean Piaget: (1) antecipação da percepção da relatividade entre signo e referente no real, (2) intensificação do controle inibitório e (3) antecipação da entrada no pensamento operatório. O objetivo deste trabalho é demonstrar que a teoria da equilibração, um modelo explicativo para a construção dos sistemas cognitivos, permite a compreensão tanto das vantagens no desenvolvimento cognitivo relacionadas ao Bilingüismo Aditivo, quanto de possíveis desvantagens relacionadas ao Bilingüismo Subtrativo. No primeiro caso, o ambiente bilíngüe representaria um grande número de negações primárias no campo das línguas, o que funcionaria como um ponto de partida para que o sujeito construísse reequilibrações, ampliando e, ao mesmo tempo, conservando seu sistema cognitivo no campo da linguagem verbal. O segundo caso (Bilingüismo Subtrativo) é interpretado a partir da perspectiva piagetiana, segundo a qual o valor atribuído à meta é fundamental para que um desequilíbrio configure-se como ponto de partida para reequilibrações do sujeito...

Bilinguismo escolar : uma investigação sobre controle inibitório

Brentano, Luciana de Souza
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.56%
No que diz respeito ao bilinguismo infantil, é grande o número de investigações que comprovam que o uso diário de duas ou mais línguas leva a um desenvolvimento acentuado de certos processos cognitivos (como a atenção seletiva e o controle inibitório), linguísticos e metalinguísticos em comparação com crianças monolíngues de mesma faixa etária (BIALYSTOK, 2001, 2005, 2006, dentre outros). Entretanto, assume-se que tais vantagens são evidentes apenas quando se trata de crianças bilíngues nativas ou com proficiência avançada nas duas línguas faladas. Nesse contexto se insere o presente estudo, que se propôs a investigar os efeitos cognitivos do bilinguismo no desenvolvimento do controle inibitório em um grupo de crianças que estudam em um contexto de escolaridade bilíngue, ou seja, crianças cuja segunda língua é aprendida e vivenciada exclusivamente em contexto escolar, em comparação com bilíngues que aprenderam a segunda língua em contexto familiar ou na comunidade em que vivem, população normalmente testada em experimentos desse tipo. Para isso, foram testadas 174 crianças entre 9 e 12 anos, sendo 75 oriundas de contexto escolar bilíngue (português/inglês), 57 de contexto familiar bilíngue (português/hunsrückisch) e 42 monolíngues do português. Duas tarefas que avaliam controle inibitório foram utilizadas: a Tarefa Simon de flechas e a Tarefa Stroop. Os resultados sugerem que as crianças que estudam em contexto escolar bilíngue...

Discursos sobre bilinguismo e educação bilíngue : a perspectiva das escolas; Discourses on bilingualism and bilingual education : the perspective of the schools

André Coutinho Storto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/04/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.48%
Desde por volta do início do milênio tem ocorrido um boom no crescimento de escolas bilíngues no Brasil. Entretanto, este não é um fenômeno isolado e restrito ao território nacional. Ele se insere em um contexto histórico e social mais amplo e suas implicações extrapolam os limites da escola e do ensino de línguas: em um mundo onde cada vez mais as fronteiras (nacionais, culturais, sociais) se tornam indistintas em face ao surgimento de uma rede global de conexões e interdependências, questões relacionadas ao bilinguismo e à possibilidade de se desenvolver habilidades bilíngues por meio de programas educacionais específicos nunca foram tão urgentes. Tendo como ponto de partida os textos constantes dos web sites de trinta e uma escolas bilíngues particulares (Português/Inglês) localizadas na cidade de São Paulo, o presente trabalho analisa as representações feitas por essas escolas a respeito de seu papel como agentes de inserção dos alunos no "mundo globalizado" por meio do ensino da língua inglesa. Além disso, o texto discute a relação ambígua que se estabelece no discurso das escolas entre os conceitos de `bilinguismo¿ e `educação bilíngue¿, buscando evidenciar os possíveis problemas decorrentes deste fato. Finalmente...

The Impact of Bilingualism on Acquiring Second Language Vocabulary: A Case Study

Grigor, Iuliia
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /10/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.62%
Trabalho de Projecto apresentado para cumprimento dos requisitos necessários à obtençao do grau de Mestre em Didáctica do Inglês,; In the modern scientific world, linguists have made a big buzz about the notion of bilingualism. Such a situation is the result of a persistent call of the European community for bilingualisation, which is dictated by a constant mobility of people around Europe. In order to grasp the nature of bilingualism, a vast majority of scientific papers have been published which rest upon the results of an enormous number of action researches held. But these papers deal primarily with the notion of bilingualism itself. Also, constant attempts to subdivide bilingualism can be found. If we will speak about the world of education, lots of linguists (not even practitioners) give you advice on how to foster a bilingual child. In this paper, through a detailed analysis of the relevant literature, we will try to understand what to do if you are working with children who happen to be bilinguals, what role bilingual education programs play in modern educational system, and what their objectives are. Also, how being bilingual will influence a child’s cognitive processes and their intelligence and how teachers can benefit from a child’s bilingualism. By means of an action research we will try to clarify how being bilingual will help children acquire vocabulary.

When the Tail Counts: The Advantage of Bilingualism Through the Ex-Gaussian Distribution Analysis

Calabria, Marco; Hernández, Mireia; Martin, Clara D.; Costa, Albert
Fonte: Frontiers Research Foundation Publicador: Frontiers Research Foundation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 03/10/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Several studies have documented the advantage of bilingualism with respect to the development of the executive control (EC) system. Two effects of bilingualism have been described in conflict resolution tasks: (a) bilinguals tend to perform the tasks faster overall, and (b) bilinguals tend to experience less interference from conflicting information, compared to monolinguals. The precise way in which the bilingual advantage relies on different EC mechanisms is still not well understood. The goal of the present article is to further explore how bilingualism impacts the EC system by performing a new analysis (Ex-Gaussian) of already reported data in which bilinguals and monolinguals performed a flanker task. Ex-Gaussian distribution analysis allows us to partial out the contribution of the normal and the exponential components of the RT distribution of the two groups. The fit of the raw data to the ex-Gaussian distribution showed two main results. First, we found that the bilingualism advantage in the overall speed of processing is captured by group differences in the normal (μ) and the exponential (τ) components of the distribution. Second, the bilingual advantage in the magnitude of the conflict effect is captured by group differences only in the exponential component. The results are discussed in terms of: (a) usefulness of the ex-Gaussian analysis as a tool to better describe the RT distribution...

Degree of Bilingualism Predicts Age of Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease in Low-Education but not in Highly-Educated Hispanics

Gollan, Tamar H.; Salmon, David P.; Montoya, Rosa I.; Galasko, Douglas R.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The current study investigated the relationship between bilingual language proficiency and onset of probable Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in 44 Spanish-English bilinguals at the UCSD Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center. Degree of bilingualism along a continuum was measured using Boston Naming Test (BNT) scores in each language. Higher degrees of bilingualism were associated with increasingly later age-of-diagnosis (and age of onset of symptoms), but this effect was driven by participants with low education level (a significant interaction between years of education and bilingualism) most of whom (73%) were also Spanish-dominant. Additionally, only objective measures (i.e., BNT scores), not self-reported degree of bilingualism, predicted age-of-diagnosis even though objective and self-reported measures were significantly correlated. These findings establish a specific connection between knowledge of two languages and delay of AD onset, and demonstrate that bilingual effects can be obscured by interactions between education and bilingualism, and by failure to obtain objective measures of bilingualism. More generally, these data support analogies between the effects of bilingualism and “cognitive reserve” and suggest an upper limit on the extent to which reserve can function to delay dementia.

Bilingualism: Consequences for Mind and Brain

Bialystok, Ellen; Craik, Fergus I.M.; Luk, Gigi
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.56%
Building on earlier evidence showing a beneficial effect of bilingualism on children’s cognitive development, we review recent studies using both behavioral and neuroimaging methods to examine the effects of bilingualism on cognition in adulthood and explore possible mechanisms for these effects. This research shows that bilingualism has a somewhat muted effect in adulthood but a larger role in older age, protecting against cognitive decline, a concept known as “cognitive reserve”. We discuss recent evidence that bilingualism is associated with a delay in the onset of symptoms of dementia. Cognitive reserve is a crucial research area in the context of an aging population; the possibility that bilingualism contributes to cognitive reserve is therefore of growing importance as populations become increasingly diverse.

Effects of Marathi-Hindi Bilingualism on Neuropsychological Performance

Kamat, Rujvi; Ghate, Manisha; Gollan, Tamar H.; Meyer, Rachel; Vaida, Florin; Heaton, Robert K.; Letendre, Scott; Franklin, Donald; Alexander, Terry; Grant, Igor; Mehendale, Sanjay; Marcotte, Thomas D.;
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.74%
The present study aimed to examine if bilingualism affects executive functions and verbal fluency in Marathi and Hindi, two major languages in India, with a considerable cognate (e.g., activity is actividad in Spanish) overlap. A total of 174 native Marathi speakers from Pune, India, with varying levels of Hindi proficiency were administered tests of executive functioning and verbal performance in Marathi. A bilingualism index was generated using self-reported Hindi and Marathi proficiency. After controlling for demographic variables, the association between bilingualism and cognitive performance was examined. Degree of bilingualism predicted better performance on the switching (Color Trails-2) and inhibition (Stroop Color-Word) components of executive functioning; but not for the abstraction component (Halstead Category Test). In the verbal domain, bilingualism was more closely associated with noun generation (where the languages share many cognates) than verb generation (which are more disparate across these languages), as predicted. However, contrary to our hypothesis that the bilingualism “disadvantage” would be attenuated on noun generation, bilingualism was associated with an advantage on these measures. These findings suggest distinct patterns of bilingualism effects on cognition for this previously unexamined language pair...

Bilingualism: Consequences for Mind and Brain

Bialystok, Ellen; Craik, Fergus I. M.; Luk, Gigi
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.56%
Building on earlier evidence showing a beneficial effect of bilingualism on children’s cognitive development, we review recent studies using both behavioral and neuroimaging methods to examine the effects of bilingualism on cognition in adulthood and explore possible mechanisms for these effects. This research shows that bilingualism has a somewhat muted effect in adulthood but a larger role in older age, protecting against cognitive decline, a concept known as “cognitive reserve”. We discuss recent evidence that bilingualism is associated with a delay in the onset of symptoms of dementia. Cognitive reserve is a crucial research area in the context of an aging population; the possibility that bilingualism contributes to cognitive reserve is therefore of growing importance as populations become increasingly diverse.

Bilingüismo y adquisición de una tercera lengua.; Bilingualism and third language acquisition.

Caño Gómez, Beatriz
Fonte: Universidade de Cantabria Publicador: Universidade de Cantabria
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.19%
RESUMEN; En este trabajo se hace una revisión científica de artículos que han estudiado la relación entre el bilingüismo y la adquisición de una tercera lengua, de los cuales se llega a la conclusión de que los procesos mentales y neurológicos que experimenta un cerebro a la hora de adquirir una nueva lengua tienen que ver con el grado de entrenamiento y exposición al aprendizaje de lenguas al que se vean sometidos. Por lo tanto las personas bilingües, cuyos cerebros están más entrenados para la adquisición y procesamiento de lenguas, cuentan con ventaja a la hora de aprender una nueva lengua (L3), en comparación con las personas monolingües.; ABSTRACT: This paper presents a review of scientific articles that have studied the relationship between bilingualism and the acquisition of a third language, which concludes that mental and neurological processes that brains experience when acquiring a new language have to do with the degree of training and exposure to language learning which are subjected. Therefore bilingual people, whose brains are more trained to language acquisition and processing, feature advantage when learning a new language (L3), compared to monolinguals.; Grado en Magisterio en Educación Primaria

Bilingualism: Teacher Perceptions on Bilingual Programme

Pino Cabello, Nazaret
Fonte: Universidade de Granada Publicador: Universidade de Granada
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.36%
The present research has as main objective to know the opinion, use and knowledge presented by the teacher of a foreign language (English) on the Plan of Bilingualism. To do this, we have carried out an investigation, searching through different sources and making a questionnaire to twenty bilingual teachers on the subject. Thereafter, an analysis of the data is performed and a number of results and conclusions are generated. It is a research paper in which we know the faculty perspective on the Plan of Bilingualism. From it, we can know the current situation and generate a number of positive suggestions.

Investigation of Bilingualism Knowledge of Speech-Language Pathologists and Speech-Language Pathology Students

Leon, Michelle
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.67%
The purpose of this thesis was to administer a survey to obtain information on practicing Speech-Language Pathologists’ (SLPs) knowledge of bilingual issues, while also considering whether any academic background on bilingualism guides SLP’s diagnostic and treatment options. This was done by comparing survey results of practicing SLPs with different academic backgrounds on bilingualism with current Master’s students registered at the Communication Sciences and Disorders Masters’ program at Florida International University (FIU). The survey consisted of 26 questions that examined participant’s history, and bilingual knowledge. Data was collected from 89 surveys. Data analyses showed that students and SLPs with a strong educational background on bilingualism had a tendency to prefer answers that correspond to recent research findings on bilingualism than students and SLPs with no or little educational background on bilingualism. These results suggest that academic background on bilingualism guides assessment interpretations and treatment options of bilingual clients.

Immigrant high school students' in-depth understandings of the value of heritage language and bilingualism

Arrieta, Edwin David
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.56%
The purpose of this research was to explore perceptions among 9 th through 12th grade students from Brazil, Haiti and Jamaica, with respect to their heritage languages: Portuguese, Haitian Creole, and Jamaican Patois. An additional purpose was to understand in greater detail possible variations of perception with respect to heritage language maintenance (or loss) in relation to one’s gender, first language, and place of birth. The research implemented semi-structured interviews with male and female adolescents with these heritage language backgrounds. Participants’ responses were recorded and transcribed. The transcriptions were analyzed via a categorizing of themes emerging from the data.^ Data were analyzed using inductive analysis. Three categories emerged from the inductive analysis of the data: (a) heritage language, (b) bilingualism, and (c) English as a second language. The analysis reveals that as participants learn English, they continue to value their heritage language and feel positively toward bilingualism, but differ in their preference regarding use of native language and English in a variety of contexts. There seems to be a mismatch between a positive attitude and an interest in learning their heritage language. Families and teachers...

Immigrant High School Students's In-depth Understanding of the Value of Heritage Language and Bilingualism

Arrieta, Edwin D
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.62%
The purpose of this research was to explore perceptions among 9th through 12th grade students from Brazil, Haiti and Jamaica, with respect to their heritage languages: Portuguese, Haitian Creole, and Jamaican Patois. An additional purpose was to understand in greater detail possible variations of perception with respect to heritage language maintenance (or loss) in relation to one’s gender, first language, and place of birth. The research implemented semi-structured interviews with male and female adolescents with these heritage language backgrounds. Participants’ responses were recorded and transcribed. The transcriptions were analyzed via a categorizing of themes emerging from the data. Data were analyzed using inductive analysis. Three categories emerged from the inductive analysis of the data: (a) heritage language, (b) bilingualism, and (c) English as a second language. The analysis reveals that as participants learn English, they continue to value their heritage language and feel positively toward bilingualism, but differ in their preference regarding use of native language and English in a variety of contexts. There seems to be a mismatch between a positive attitude and an interest in learning their heritage language. Families and teachers...

Elementos para la construcción de una política pública de bilingüismo en el Valle del Cauca: un análisis descriptivo a partir del censo ampliado de 2005

Alonso Cifuentes, Julio César; Torres, Giselle; Gallo, Beatriz Eugenia
Fonte: Universidad Icesi; Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Económicas Publicador: Universidad Icesi; Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Económicas
Tipo: article; Artículo Formato: PDF; p.59-67; Electrónico
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.56%
Los índices de competitividad reflejan un pobre desempeño del departamento del Valle del Cauca, especialmente en lo referente al capital humano. Una política pública de bilingüismo permite acumular capital humano a través de la educación en inglés, acceder a nuevos mercados y mejor información, lo que hace posible el desarrollo de otros factores necesarios para la competitividad de una región. En este documento se hace un primer diagnóstico del bilingüismo en el Valle del Cauca, con miras a brindar argumentos para la creación de una eficaz política pública de bilingüismo. Los datos procesados provienen del Censo ampliado de 2005, y los resultados obtenidos a partir de él no son alentadores, pues muestran la necesidad de convertir el bilingüismo en un tema de prioridad en la agenda pública.; Competitiveness indexes reflect a poor performance in the Valle del Cauca, especially as regards human capital. A bilingualism public policy helps to accumulate human capital, give access to new markets, and better information, which make the development of other factors required for competitiveness possible. This document makes a primary diagnosis of bilingualism in the Valle del Cauca that provides arguments for an effective bilingualism policy. We used data from the bureau of statistics of Colombia. Results point to the need of making bilingualism a central issue in the public agenda...

The effect of lifelong bilingualism on regional grey and white matter volume

Olsen, Rosanna K.; Pangelinan, Melissa M.; Bogulski, Cari; Chakravarty, M. Mallar; Luk, Gigi; Grady, Cheryl L.; Bialystok, Ellen
Fonte: Elsevier BV Publicador: Elsevier BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.62%
Lifelong bilingualism is associated with the delayed diagnosis of dementia, suggesting bilingual experience is relevant to brain health in aging. While the effects of bilingualism on cognitive functions across the lifespan are well documented, less is known about the neural substrates underlying differential behavior. It is clear that bilingualism affects brain regions that mediate language abilities and that these regions are at least partially overlapping with those that exhibit age-related decline. Moreover, the behavioural advantages observed in bilingualism are generally found in executive function performance, suggesting that the frontal lobes may also be sensitive to bilingualism, which exhibit volume reductions with age. The current study investigated structural differences in the brain of lifelong bilingual older adults (n = 14, mean age = 70.4) compared with older monolinguals (n = 14,mean age= 70.6). We employed two analytic approaches: 1) we examined global differences in grey and white matter volumes; and, 2) we examined local differences in volume and cortical thickness of specific regions of interest previously implicated in bilingual/monolingual comparisons (temporal pole) or in aging (entorhinal cortex and hippocampus). We expected bilinguals would exhibit greater volume of the frontal lobe and temporal lobe (grey and white matter)...

Bilingualism in Rarotonga

Wiglesworth, Aileen K.
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Article; info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //1998 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The globalization of English is a mixed blessing for many of the worlds' small linguistic groups: it provides them with a lingua franca to expand their economic and political opportunities, but it also threatens to displace their indigenous languages. Analysis of codeswitching behavior indicates that English is becoming the dominant language among bilingual Rarotongans of the Cook Islands in the South Pacific. However, there are also social forces supporting the indigenous language and the bilingualism of Rarotongans appears assured for the time being.

The economic value of reciprocal bilingualism

Caminal, Ramon
Fonte: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica Publicador: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.36%
Some bilingual societies exhibit a distribution of language skills that can- not be explained by economic theories that portray languages as pure commu- nication devices. Such distribution of skills are typically the result of public policies that promote bilingualism among members of both speech commu- nities (reciprocal bilingualism). In this paper I argue that these policies are likely to increase social welfare by diminishing economic and social segmenta- tion between the two communities. However, these gains tend to be unequally distributed over the two communities. As a result, in a large range of circum- stances these policies might not draw su¢ cient support. The model is built upon the communicative value of languages, but also emphasizes the role of linguistic preferences in the behavior of bilingual individuals.

The effects of bilingualism and multilingualism on executive functions; Los efectos del bilingüismo y del multilingüismo en las funciones ejecutivas; The effects of bilingualism and multilingualism on executive functions

Limberger, Bernardo Kolling; PUC- RS; Buchweitz, Augusto; PUC - RS
Fonte: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Linguística - UFSC Publicador: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Linguística - UFSC
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; avaliado por pares; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/09/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1984-8412.2014v11n3p261 Studies have shown that bilinguals and multilinguals have superior performance compared to monolinguals in nonlinguistic tasks that tap into executive functioning. However, studies of bilingual and multilingual advantages in linguistic tasks are fewer and the results are less consensual. In Brazil, the positive effects of executive functions in bilingualism have not been consistently identified in the bilingual populations, especially in speakers of the minority language Hunsrückisch (a German dialect). The main goal of this study was to investigate the performance of bilinguals and multilinguals speakers of Hunsrückisch compared to monolinguals in a nonlinguistic task, the Attentional Network Task, and in a linguistic task, the Sentence Comprehension Task. The results show that multilinguals were faster in comparison to monolinguals in the nonlinguistic task. The results for the linguistic task, in turn, show that the monolinguals had more facility to inhibiting the linguistic interference.; Investigaciones encontraron que bilingües y multilingües tienen un rendimiento superior en comparación a monolingües en tareas no lingüísticas de procesamiento ejecutivo. No obstante, las investigaciones sobre ventaja bilingüe y multilingüe en tareas lingüísticas son más escasas y los resultados son menos consensuales. En Brasil...