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Práticas organizacionais de conciliação entre o trabalho e a família : estudo de caso

Amorim, Sandra Noémia Alves de
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.7%
Dissertação de mestrado em Gestão de Recursos Humanos; As mudanças sociais e demográficas das últimas décadas trouxeram um desafio crescente para a maioria dos trabalhadores que procuram responder às suas responsabilidades familiares e profissionais de uma forma satisfatória. Com a emergência do conflito entre o trabalho e a família muitas organizações adotaram a implementação voluntária de políticas de apoio à família (PAF’s) no sentido de facilitarem a gestão destas esferas. Neste trabalho de cariz qualitativo são apresentados quatro estudos de caso que foram realizados de modo a (1) identificar as políticas e práticas de conciliação entre o trabalho e a família que são disponibilizadas por um conjunto de empresas portuguesas; (2) caracterizar os fatores que explicam a ausência ou adoção de políticas e práticas de conciliação entre o trabalho e a família nessas empresas; e (3) identificar diferenças ao nível da cultura organizacional de apoio à família, analisando o impacto da cultura organizacional, nomeadamente o papel da gestão de topo, chefia direta e colegas de trabalho. Apesar do reconhecimento geral da importância deste tema, a maioria das organizações apresenta práticas informais de conciliação...

Critical Review of Research on Families and Family Policies in Europe Conference Report

Wall, Karin, 1955-; Leitão, Mafalda; Ramos, Vasco
Fonte: FAMILY PLATFORM Publicador: FAMILY PLATFORM
Tipo: Relatório
Publicado em /09/2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.53%
This report was produced by FAMILYPLATFORM. FAMILYPLATFORM (SSH-2009-3.2.2 Social platform on research for families and family policies) is funded by the EU’s 7th Framework Programme (€1,400,000) and has a duration of 18 months (October 2009 – March 2011). The consortium consists of the following 12 organisations: 1) Technical University Dortmund (Coordinators); 2) State Institute for Family Research, University of Bamberg; 3) Family Research Centre, University of Jyväskylä; 4) Austrian Institute for Family Studies, University of Vienna; 5) Demographic Research Institute, Budapest; 6) Institute of Social Sciences, University of Lisbon; 7) Department of Sociology and Social research, University of Milan-Bicocca; 8) Institute of International and Social Studies, Tallinn University; 9) London School of Economics; 10) Confederation of Family Organisations in the European Union (COFACE), Brussels; 11) Forum delle Associazioni Familiari, Italy; 12) Mouvement Mondial des Mères, Brussels; Contact info@familyplatform.eu or visit http://www.familyplatform.eu for more information.; The aim of this Critical Review Report is to describe and report on the international conference "Families and Family Policies in Europe - A Critical Review"...

First European quality of life survey: time use and work-life options over the life course

Torres, Anália; Haas, Barbara; Steiber, Nadia; Brites, Rui
Fonte: European Foundation for the Improvement of Linving and Working Conditions Publicador: European Foundation for the Improvement of Linving and Working Conditions
Tipo: Relatório
Publicado em //2007 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.5%
This report addresses the key issue of time use and work–life options over the life course. The report aims to contribute to current debates on the subject, placing them in the wider context of 25 European countries and viewing them from a life course perspective. It considers the ways in which the institutional and policy framework can be expected to affect actual and preferred patterns of time use over the life course, focusing on distinct stages of the life course. It investigates individuals’ views on available working time options, while exploring their preferences regarding measures designed to help them reconcile their different time-demanding commitments.

Good practices for reconciling work and family life: guide for companies

Guerreiro, Maria das Dores; Lourenço, Vanda; Pereira, Inês
Fonte: Commission for Equality in Labour and Employment Publicador: Commission for Equality in Labour and Employment
Tipo: Livro
Publicado em //2007 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
105.56%
A versão original deste documento encontra-se disponível em: http://www.cite.gov.pt/imgs/downlds/Good%20Practices%20Ebook.pdf; This Good Practice Guide for Reconciling Work and Family Life lists a range of principles and practices that promote gender balance by allowing women to allocate more time to their careers and men to devote more time to family life. It also lists ways of optimising human resources, thereby making a significant contribution to greater productivity and business innovation.

Employed parents’ satisfaction with food choice coping strategies: influence of gender and structure

Blake, Christine E.; Devine, Carol M.; Wethington, Elaine; Jastran, Margaret; Farrell, Tracy J.; Bisogni, Carole A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.62%
This study aimed to understand parents’ evaluations of the way they integrated work-family demands to manage food and eating. Employed, low/moderate-income, urban, U.S., Black, White, and Latino mothers (35) and fathers (34) participated in qualitative interviews exploring work and family conditions and spillover, food roles, and food-choice coping and family-adaptive strategies. Parents expressed a range of evaluations from overall satisfaction to overall dissatisfaction as well as dissatisfaction limited to work, family life, or daily schedule. Evaluation criteria differed by gender. Mothers evaluated satisfaction on their ability to balance work and family demands through flexible home and work conditions, while striving to provide healthy meals for their families. Fathers evaluated satisfaction on their ability to achieve schedule stability and participate in family meals, while meeting expectations to contribute to food preparation. Household, and especially work structural conditions, often served as sizeable barriers to parents fulfilling valued family food roles. These relationships highlight the critical need to consider the intersecting influences of gender and social structure as influences on adults’ food choices and dietary intake and to address the challenges of work and family integration among low income employed parents as a way to promote family nutrition in a vulnerable population.

Economic difficulties and physical functioning in Finnish and British employees: contribution of social and behavioural factors

Laaksonen, Elina; Lallukka, Tea; Lahelma, Eero; Ferrie, Jane E.; Rahkonen, Ossi; Head, Jenny; Marmot, Michael G.; Martikainen, Pekka
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.56%
Background: Childhood and current economic difficulties are associated with physical health. However, evidence concerning the factors underlying these associations is sparse. This study examines the contribution of a range of social and behavioural factors to associations between economic difficulties and physical functioning. Methods: We used comparable data on middle-aged white-collar employees from the Finnish Helsinki Health Study cohort (n = 3843) and the British Whitehall II Study cohort (n = 3052). Our health outcome was physical functioning measured by the SF-36 Physical Component Summary. Relative indices of inequality (RII), calculated using logistic regression analysis, were used to examine associations between economic difficulties and physical functioning, and the contribution of further socio-economic circumstances, health behaviours, living arrangements and work–family conflicts to these associations. Results: In age-adjusted models, childhood (RII = 1.76−3.06) and current (RII = 1.79−3.03) economic difficulties were associated with poor physical functioning in both cohorts. Further adjusting for work–family conflicts attenuated the associations of current economic difficulties with physical functioning in both cohorts...

Where have they gone? – A discussion on the balancing act of female doctors between work and family

Jerg-Bretzke, Lucia; Limbrecht, Kerstin
Fonte: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House Publicador: German Medical Science GMS Publishing House
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 23/04/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.54%
Goals: The increasing number of vacant positions for doctors increasingly puts the issue of reconciling work and family into the spotlight in companies, hospitals and universities, as increased expectations of a better work-life balance are seen as one of the reasons for these vacancies. Highly qualified professionals are trained, but not available to the labour market. The aim is to summarise what difficulties doctors who want to have a family and their potential employers must face.

Work and Family : Latin American and Caribbean Women in Search of a New Balance

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.56%
The paper examines the uneven progress women have made in the Latin American and Caribbean region in the last forty years. It examines issues such as health care, education, work-life balance, and family planning. The report states that while women in the region have made spectacular progress in the areas of education and health access, economic development amongst women has become flat and there is a challenge for policy makers to increase access to opportunities for women. This is especially apparent in the wage gap between men and women found throughout the region.

Work stress in Australian professionals : the role of culture, gender and work-family conflict.

Mujumdar, Shruti
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.65%
Australia is one of the most popular countries for immigrants to settle. Many highly qualified Indians from India have made Australia their home, and they hold important positions in the Australian work-force. The Australian work-force now consists not only of employees from different countries, but also of parents who try to balance their work roles and family roles simultaneously. For dual-earner families this can be difficult and could lead to increased job stress and work family conflict. Due to these cultural and gender differences, experiences in the paid work-force cannot be assumed to be the same for all employees. The purpose of this research was to investigate the role of culture and gender among working professionals in Australia and to study the interactional patterns within dual-earner couples in the Australian work-force. This was exploratory research and was conducted using three studies. All studies were cross-sectional, and qualitative as well as quantitative measures were used for data collection. In the first study data were collected from matched pairs of 10 Australian and 10 Indian born mothers who were employed in the Australian work-force. Interviews were conducted and responses to the interview were recorded. Results suggested some significant differences in job stress...

The case of organizational behavior in Portuguese junior enterprises : embeddedness, work-life balance, motivation and satisfaction

Filipe, Sónia Maria Ribeiro
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.64%
Project submitted as partial requirement for the conferral of Master in Business Administration / JEL Classification System: M12 - Personnel Management; M54 – Labor Management; In nowadays’ context, it is becoming increasingly important for the new entrants in the labor market to differentiate themselves from the others and to be perceived as relevant and valuable human resources. In order to achieve this, students are starting to engage in several different initiatives that improve their résumé, such as Junior Enterprises. This type of enterprises, which were created in 1967, has been developed in several countries, with special incidence in European ones and also in Brazil. In short, they appear as an opportunity for the university’s students to apply their knowledge into real companies, which are their clients. Therefore, in order to deliver a good service, Junior Enterprises must assure a good performance from their members, which, according to several different authors, can be acknowledged through Job Embeddedness, Work-Life Balance, Motivation and Satisfaction. Thus, this research, which was conducted with a sample of Portuguese Junior Entrepreneurs, concluded that Satisfaction impacts positively on Performance, as well as Work-Family Conflict. Other important conclusions of the present research were that Satisfaction acts as a mediator between Job Embeddedness and Performance...

Creating choice or social engineering? An exploration of government assistance to Australian families

Tai, Rebekha
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.75%
Australian Prime Minister John Howard has stated that his government's family policies increase parents' choices about they wish to balance work and caring. By looking at the current government family initiatives and their practical application one can examine whether these policies really do create more choices. The Coalition's family policies reward breadwinner families disproportionately and so supports parents who make this choice more than others. The Australian Government has historically assisted families with the costs of raising children. This has occurred primarily through welfare payments, which have been given to those families believed to need help the most. Today's government continues this tradition of aiding families through financial payments, spending $18.2 billion this financial year on the five dominant family assistance payments alone. All these payments, except the Baby Bonus, are means-tested to ensure these payments continue to target those parents deemed most in need. These payments disproportionately benefit families with one full-time working parent and a parent that either does not work or works very little. The rates of family payments give greatest benefits to families that split income earning on a ratio of 80/20. Further...

Women's Economic Empowerment in Latin America and the Caribbean : Policy Lessons from the World Bank Gender Action Plan

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Country Gender Assessment (CGA)
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.56%
Group s gender action plan (GAP) trust fund has financed a series of programs to promote gender equality by empowering women to compete in key markets: land, labor, agriculture, finance and the private sector. Work and family: Latin American and the Caribbean women in search of a new balance offer new analysis of how household decision-making and allocation of resources affects female labor market outcomes in the region. This project summarizes over half a decade of gender-related activities, training, research and results in Latin America and the Caribbean. All of the GAP-funded cases chosen for this project provide succinct policy lessons that were: innovative; results-driven (impact was measured or documented); policy relevant (clear indications for policy makers); methodologically strong; have potential for scaling up or replication. The chapters present policy lessons organized around four themes of vital importance to women and their families: (A) access to labor markets; (B) improved workplace conditions...

Examining Behavioural Coping Strategies as Mediators between Work-Family Conflict and Psychological Distress

Aazami, Sanaz; Shamsuddin, Khadijah; Akmal, Syaqirah
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.63%
We examined the mediating role of behavioral coping strategies in the association between work-family conflict and psychological distress. In particular, we examined the two directions of work-family conflict, namely, work interference into family and family interference into work. Furthermore, two coping styles in this study were adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 429 Malaysian working women using self-reported data. The results of mediational analysis in the present study showed that adaptive coping strategy does not significantly mediate the effect of work-family conflict on psychological distress. However, maladaptive coping strategies significantly mediate the effect of work-family conflict on psychological distress. These results show that adaptive coping strategies, which aimed to improve the stressful situation, are not effective in managing stressor such as work-family conflict. We found that experiencing interrole conflict steers employees toward frequent use of maladaptive coping strategies which in turn lead to psychological distress. Interventions targeted at improvement of coping skills which are according to individual's needs and expectation may help working women to balance work and family demands. The important issue is to keep in mind that effective coping strategies are to control the situations not to eliminate work-family conflict.

Gender asymmetries in family and work spheres: strategies and conflicts of qualified women working in portuguese state administration

Alexandre, Helena
Fonte: Direção Geral da Qualificação dos Trabalhadores em Funções Públicas Publicador: Direção Geral da Qualificação dos Trabalhadores em Funções Públicas
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.58%
In Portugal, feminine activity rate of working mother is high but remains structural asymmetries of responsibilities between women and men in familiar spheres. Based on quantitative and qualitative data results are presented that show that, in spite of a global feminization rate of 58,6%, women workers in State Administration remains with major responsibilities in familiar/private lives than men. Women in technical and leadership functions have the same patterns of familiar and domestic responsibilities but different patterns of work-time. Women in technical functions tend to have a strategy of work-family time balance, despite less career opportunities, while women in leadership functions adopt a supremacy of wok-time, just as men. Nevertheless, both women, in technical and leadership functions, feel a permanent conflict between career and family responsibilities, which is not felt by men. Gender roles define dominant models of work and family organisation which conduct to different professional strategies and career opportunities.

Can Online MBA Programs Allow Professional Working Mothers to Balance Work, Family, and Career Progression? A Case Study in China

Kibelloh, Mboni; Bao, Yukun
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 14/05/2014
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.61%
Career progression is a general concern of professional working mothers in China. The purpose of this paper is to report a qualitative study of Chinese professional working mothers that explored the perceptions of online Master's of Business Administration (MBA) programmes as a tool for career progression for working mothers balancing work and family in China. The objective was to examine existing work-family and career progression conflicts, the perceived usefulness of online MBA in balancing work-family and career aspirations, and the perceived ease of use of e-learning. Using Davis's (1989) technology acceptance model (TAM), the research drew on in-depth interviews with 10 female part-time MBA students from a university in Wuhan. The data were analysed through coding and transcribing. The findings showed that conflicts arose where demanding work schedules competed with family obligations, studies, and caring for children and the elderly. Online MBA programmes were viewed as a viable tool for balancing work and family and studying, given its flexible time management capabilities. However, consideration must be given to address students' motivation issues, lack of networking, lack of face-to-face interaction, and quality. The research findings emphasise the pragmatic need to re-align higher education policy and practice to position higher education e-learning as a trustable education delivery channel in China. By shedding light on the prevailing work-family conflict experienced by women seeking career advancement...

The Work-Family Interface in a Flexible Workplace How Academics Deal with Workload and Family/Home Demands

Kuschel Rietzsch, Katherina
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Psicologia de la Salut i de Psicologia Social, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Psicologia de la Salut i de Psicologia Social,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 ENG; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.77%
Descripció del recurs: el 01 setembre 2012; Objetivo: Este estudio explora la manera que el personal docente e investigador (PDI) gestiona la interfaz trabajo-familia. Para ello, primero se definirá el trabajo del profesorado. ¿Qué implica ser profesor en la universidad? Segundo, ¿qué tipo de conflicto trabajo-familia (CTF) es común en el ejercicio de esta profesión? Tercero, ¿qué prácticas lleva a cabo el profesorado con tal de reducir el CTF y promover la facilitación o enriquecimiento trabajo-familia? Y cuarto, ¿qué diferencias existen según las variables tipo de contrato, etapa vital, y género? De acuerdo con estos objetivos, la revisión de literatura abordará los siguientes temas: 1) interfaz trabajo-familia (conflicto y facilitación), 2) sobrecarga de trabajo, 3) conceptos relacionados, incluidos el burnout y el engagement, 4) el marco teórico demandas-recursos (estrategias de afrontamiento), y 5) el trabajo del profesor universitario en el contexto español. Diseño y Metodología: Esta tesis adopta un enfoque cualitativo en el estudio de los antecedentes, consecuencias y estrategias de afrontamiento de la sobrecarga y del conflicto trabajo-familia. Un cuestionario respondido por 146 profesores y profesoras de universidades españolas pregunta abiertamente si ellos perciben que les falta...

Work and Family Balance: The meanings for the Bank Workers; Equilíbrio trabalho e família: os significados para os bancários

Rachid, Alessandra; UFSCar; Faria, Graciela Sanjutá Soares
Fonte: Revista Psicologia: Organizações e Trabalho Publicador: Revista Psicologia: Organizações e Trabalho
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2007 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.59%
This paper presents the new configuration of work and family, the conflicts between work and family facing bank workers and the strategies to deal with them, like the part time work. The authors collected data about bank workers, their salaries, working time and gender from the RAIS (Annual List of Social Information) data base from 1994 to 2002. The authors also interviewed bank workers from small cities in the state of São Paulo. The main findings show that the percentage of female bank workers is increasing. The bank workers have faced salary losses, sharper for part-timers and to the women, and that they have lower wages, occupy positions related to repetitive tasks, with limited perspectives. The work causes conflicts more frequently in family than the opposite, and workers have used different strategies to manage them. We also found out that part-time work provides more free time for personal/family activities, but workers think that it is acceptable only in the beginning of the career, and it must be left when a worker wants to assume positions with more responsibility and better remuneration.; Neste trabalho, apresenta-se a nova configuração do trabalho e da família, os conflitos entre essas duas esferas para os bancários e as estratégias para enfrentá-los...

Revisiting the social construction of family in the context of work

Beauregard, T. Alexandra; Ozbilgin, Mustafa; Bell, Myrtle P.
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Research Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Research
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.74%
Purpose of this paper: To demonstrate how traditional definitions of family, in the context of employment, have not kept pace with actual family formation in the U.S. and much of the rest of the world, and how this disadvantages individuals from atypical (i.e., non-nuclear), but increasingly common, families. Design/methodology/approach: A wide range of literature from disciplines spanning industrial relations, gerontology, management, and family studies is invoked to illustrate how employers’ definitions of “family” are often incompatible with actual contemporary family structures, and how this poses difficulties for employed individuals in non-traditional families. Findings: Many family structures are not accounted for by employment legislation and thus organizational work-family policies. These include same-sex couples, multi-generational and extended families (e.g., including parents or other elders; members from outside the bloodline or with grandparents providing primary care for grandchildren) and virtual families. Practical implications (if applicable): We discuss a number of problems associated with current provision of work-family policy and practice among organizations, and recommend that governments and organizations expand upon the traditional definition of “family” to better enable employees in a variety of familial configurations to successfully balance their work and family demands. What is original/value of paper: This paper identifies current failings in employment legislation and suggests improvements so that both governments and organizations can better facilitate employees’ work-life balance. As such...

Enacting virtual connections between work and home

Wajcman, Judy; Rose, Emily; Brown, Judith E.; Bittman, Michael
Fonte: SAGE Publications on behalf of the Australian Sociological Association Publicador: SAGE Publications on behalf of the Australian Sociological Association
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /09/2010 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.62%
The potential for information and communication technologies to reorganize time and space has emerged as a key theme in social theory. Affordances of the Internet mean that it has the capacity to affect temporal and spatial boundaries dividing work and home. Some theorists express concern that this may extend work into times normally reserved for family life, while others argue the Internet can encourage flexible work practices and result in better work—life balance. Focusing on a nationally representative sample of Australian employees, we examine the purpose and timing of Internet use and its role in the interaction between these domains. We demonstrate that the Internet is being used for personal purposes during work time to a greater extent than for work purposes during non-work time. Furthermore, we show that use of the Internet for work purposes outside work hours can assist work—family balance.

Interference between work and nonwork roles: the development of a new South African instrument

Koekemoer,Eileen; Mostert,Karina; Rothmann Jr,Ian
Fonte: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology Publicador: SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.58%
ORIENTATION: The interference between work and personal life is a central issue in the 21st century as employees attempt to balance or integrate their involvement in multiple social roles. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to, (1) develop new items for a more comprehensive work-nonwork interference instrument, (2) evaluate the newly developed items to retain those items that accurately capture the different dimensions and (3) eliminate undesirable items from the different subscales in the instrument. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: Although the interaction between work and personal life has received extensive attention in the work-family fields of research, various theoretical, empirical and measurement issues need to be addressed. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: A cross-sectional survey design was used to collect the data. MAIN FINDINGS: Initially, 89 items were developed. During the pilot study among mineworkers (n = 245), 41 poor items were eliminated on the basis of descriptive statistics, inter-item correlations, item-total correlations and the qualitative investigation of items highly redundant in terms of wording. Thereafter, the instrument (48 items) was administered to 366 support and academic personnel at a tertiary institution. Using Rasch analyses and item correlations...