Página 1 dos resultados de 19015 itens digitais encontrados em 0.018 segundos

"Estudo sobre o traço e estado de ansiedade das nutrizes que apresentaram indicadores de hipogalactia e nutrizes com galactia normal" ; "Study about the trace and anxiety state of nursing mothers with the insufficient breastfeeding indicators presented by them and nursing mothers with normal breastfeeding"

Aragaki, Ilva Marico Mizumoto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/04/2002 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.79%
A queixa de “pouco leite” ou hipogalactia tem sido apontada como uma das mais freqüentes causas do desmame ou interrupção do aleitamento materno exclusivoe, os baixos volumes de leite têm sido associados à ansiedade materna que poderia provocar alterações na fisiologia da lactação inibindo a produção láctea. Os objetivos deste estudo foram: identificar o traço e estado de ansiedade no 10°dia pós-parto e estado de ansiedade no 30ºdia pós-parto das nutrizes primíparas e multíparas que apresentam indicadores de hipogalactia; caracterizar o traço e estado de ansiedade no 10°dia pós-parto e estado de ansiedade no 30ºdia pós-parto das nutrizes primíparas e multíparas que apresentam galctia normal; comparar o traço e estado de ansiedade das nutiezes hipo e normogalactas, no 10°dia e no 30ºdia pós-parto e verificar as possíveis relações entre o estado der ansiedade das nutrizes no 10° e 30ºdia pós-parto com os indicadores de hipogalactia apresentados por elas ou seus filhos. Participaram do estudo 168 nutrizes e seus filhos que formaram 4 sub-grupos com primíparas e multíparas hipogalactas e primíparas e multíparas normogalactas, com 42 mulheres em cada. Foram incluídas no grupo de hipogalactas as mulheres e RN que apresentaram ou referiram um ou mais indicadores de hipogalactia. Os resultados obtidos mostraram que as nutrizes deste estudo apresentam média dos escores de traço de ansiedade correspondentes à média ansiedade e a média dos escores dos estados de ansiedade nos 10° e 30ºdia pós-parto correspondentes à baixa ansiedade. As primíparas e multíparas hipogalactas e as primíparas com galactia normal apresentaram traço de ansiedade mais elavado do que os estados de ansiedade por ocasião 30ºdia pós-parto. As multíparas com galactia normal apresentaram no 30ºdia pós-parto...

Comparação entre clomipramina e fluoxetina para o tratamento de transtornos de ansiedade em crianças e adolescentes; Comparison between clomipramine and fluoxetine for the treatment of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents

Costa, Carolina Zadrozny Gouvêa da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/03/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.78%
Os transtornos de ansiedade são os quadros psiquiátricos mais comuns em jovens. Seu tratamento precoce pode evitar repercussões negativas na vida atual da criança e, possivelmente, na vida adulta. A associação da terapia cognitivo-comportamental à farmacoterapia é tida como o tratamento de escolha para a maioria dos jovens com transtornos ansiosos. Dentre os medicamentos, destacam-se os inibidores seletivos de recaptura da serotonina e os antidepressivos tricíclicos. A literatura demonstra que aqueles fármacos são eficazes e seguros para o tratamento agudo da ansiedade em jovens. Em relação aos antidepressivos tricíclicos, há uma escassez de estudos, possivelmente, pelos efeitos colaterais e pela necessidade de controles laboratoriais. Revisões apontam para a necessidade de novos estudos controlados com medicamentos. Objetivouse com este estudo: testar a eficácia da fluoxetina e da clomipramina, controlados por placebo; comparar a ação desses compostos em crianças e adolescentes com transtornos ansiosos. Foram estudados sujeitos (7 a 17 anos) com: transtorno de ansiedade generalizada e/ou transtorno de ansiedade de separação e/ou fobia social (incluídos os três diagnósticos, em razão de sua alta taxa de comorbidade). Incluíram-se 30 indivíduos...

Aspectos neuropsicológicos dos transtornos de ansiedade na infância e adolescência: um estudo comparativo entre as fases pré e pós-tratamento medicamentoso; Neuropsychological aspects of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents: a comparative study between the pre and postpharmacological treatment

Rodrigues, Camila Luisi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/09/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.79%
O alto nível de ansiedade pode interferir no desempenho de diversas funções cognitivas. Nesse sentido, pessoas portadoras de transtorno de ansiedade são mais vulneráveis à presença de déficits cognitivos. Por meio de testagens neuropsicológicas, é possível mensurar o desempenho e, por conseguinte, descrever potenciais alterações de funções cognitivas. Estudos mostram déficits nos processos de atenção, memória e funções executivas. Uma vez que não existem dados suficientes na literatura sobre o funcionamento cognitivo de jovens com transtornos de ansiedade, objetivou-se com este estudo avaliar o funcionamento cognitivo em crianças e adolescentes com transtorno de ansiedade, pré e pós-tratamento medicamentoso. Para isso, foram estudados sujeitos (7 a 17 anos) diagnosticados com transtorno de ansiedade generalizada, transtorno de ansiedade de separação e/ou fobia social. Incluíram-se 30 portadores de ao menos um transtorno de ansiedade, avaliados antes do início do tratamento farmacológico, e 34 controles saudáveis. Dezoito sujeitos com transtornos de ansiedade foram reavaliados após terem sido aleatoriamente divididos (por meio de tabela de números aleatórios) em três grupos [clomipramina (n=5), fluoxetina (n=5) e placebo (n=8)] e submetidos a tratamento por um período de seis meses. Da mesma maneira...

Controle da ansiedade odontológica: estudo comparativo entre a sedação oral com midazolam e a sedação consciente com a mistura de óxido nitroso e oxigênio em pacientes submetidos à extração de terceiros molares inferiores; Dental Anxiety Control: Study Comparing oral sedation with Midazolam and conscious sedation with Nitrous oxide associated with oxygen in patients undergoing lower third molar extractions

Santos, Darklilson Pereira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/07/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.77%
O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar comparativamente o efeito do midazolam 7,5 mg administrado por via oral e da sedação consciente empregando óxido nitroso associado ao oxigênio a 50% em pacientes submetidos à extração de terceiros molares inferiores na alteração do nível de ansiedade do paciente por meio da dosagem de cortisol salivar, no nível de saturação de oxigênio, na frequência cardíaca e na pressão arterial, na produção de amnésia anterógrada, além de avaliar as Escalas de Ansiedade Dental de Corah (DAS), Escala Visual Análoga para Ansiedade (VAS), Escala Verbal de Ansiedade e Inventário de Spielberger (STAI) na detecção de ansiedade dental. Realizou-se estudo split-mouth, no qual vinte e oito pacientes do gênero masculino foram submetidos à extração de terceiros molares inferiores sob anestesia local e sedação com midazolam e óxido nitroso associado ao oxigênio. Foram obtidos dados objetivos (dosagem de cortisol salivar, saturação de oxigênio, frequência cardíaca e pressão arterial) e subjetivos (Escala de Ansiedade Odontológica de Corah, Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado, Escala Visual Análoga de Ansiedade e Escala Verbal de Ansiedade). Os resultados evidenciaram que os dois métodos de sedação empregados produziram efeitos benéficos e foram seguros na redução da ansiedade pré-operatória sem apresentar efeitos cardiovasculares ou respiratórios siginificantes...

Associação entre ansiedade e hipermobilidade articular: estudos com diferentes amostras; Association between anxiety and joint hypermobility: studies with different samples

Sanches, Simone Bianchi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/09/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.81%
Introdução: A ansiedade pode se manifestar por meio de sintomas físicos e autonômicos. Os transtornos de ansiedade são geralmente descritos por uma interação de sintomas somáticos e sinais subjetivos, o que aumenta a importância de um conhecimento mais amplo sobre como esses fatores estão relacionados e ocorrem em conjunto com distúrbios psiquiátricos e não psiquiátricas. Assim, a ansiedade pode estar associada a diversas condições médicas, entre as quais a hipermobilidade articular. A hipermobilidade articular (JHM) é caracterizada pelo aumento da flexibilidade das articulações. É um sinal de maior elasticidade que pode até ser vantajoso para algumas pessoas em atividades específicas. Por outro lado, a síndrome da hipermobilidade articular (JHS) é mais ampla do que a JHM, sendo acompanhada de sintomas clínicos, especialmente de histórico de lesões, sinais da pele, instabilidade e dor. Objetivos: A associação entre ansiedade e hipermobilidade articular foi investigada em cinco estudos, desenvolvidos com três amostras diferentes e independentes, como descrito a seguir: um grupo de estudantes universitários, uma amostra de famílias com alta agregação genética de ansiedade e hipermobilidade e uma amostra composta por bailarinas. Método: O primeiro estudo foi desenvolvido por meio de uma revisão sistemática da literatura. Utilizando um protocolo...

Nivel de ansiedade e etiologia da doença hepatica em candidatos a transplante de figado; Anxiety level and etiology of liver disease in candidates for liver transplantation

Glauce Rejane dos Santos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/03/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.76%
A ansiedade pode ser considerada um estado emocional que não se apresenta na mesma intensidade em todos os pacientes, sendo classificada em: mínimo, leve, moderada e grave. Em casos específicos de hepatopatias, esse transtorno pode ser ainda maior, devido à necessidade do transplante na maioria dos casos. O paciente ao entrar na fila de espera para o transplante é acompanhado de reflexões sobre a decisão tomada, deixando-o constantemente ansioso com a possível idéia de morte. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o nível de ansiedade observado nos pacientes candidatos a transplante hepático e verificar se houve correlação entre a ansiedade e o diagnóstico etiológico apresentado. Duzentos e quinze pacientes adultos, com indicação para transplante de fígado e inseridos em lista de espera pela Secretaria de Saúde do Estado de São Paulo, foram submetidos à avaliação psicológica, através do Inventário de Ansiedade de Beck. A presença de ansiedade foi definida como: sim (presença de ansiedade), se houve variação de oito a 63 pontos, como não (ausência de ansiedade), se houve variação de zero a sete. Alem disso, adicionou-se quatro pontos ao total da soma de escores obtidos quando o sujeito era mulher. O escore total foi o resultado da soma das pontuações dos itens individuais. Os níveis de ansiedade observados foram mínimos: de zero a sete; leve: de oito a 15; moderado: de 16 a 25; grave: de 26 a 63. O grupo estudado foi caracterizado por 165 pacientes do sexo masculino e 50 feminino...

Behaviorial inhibition and history of childhood anxiety disorders in Brazilian adult patients with panic disorder and social anxiety disorder

Isolan,Luciano Rassier; Zeni,Cristian Patrick; Mezzomo,Kelin; Blaya,Carolina; Kipper,Leticia; Heldt,Elizeth; Manfro,Gisele Gus
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.76%
PURPOSE: To evaluate the presence of behavioral inhibition and anxiety disorders during childhood in Brazilian adult patients with panic disorder and social anxiety disorder compared to a control group. METHODS: Fifty patients with panic disorder, 50 patients with social anxiety disorder, and 50 control subjects were included in the study. To assess the history of childhood anxiety, the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children, Epidemiologic Version (K-SADS-E), and the Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents-Parent Version (DICA-P) were used. The presence of behavioral inhibition in childhood was assessed by the self-reported scale of Behavioral Inhibition Retrospective Version (RSRI-30). RESULTS: Patients showed significantly higher prevalence of anxiety disorders and behavioral inhibition in childhood compared to the control group. Patients with social anxiety disorder also showed significantly higher rates of avoidance disorder (46% vs. 18%, p = 0.005), social anxiety disorder (60% vs. 26%, p = 0.001), presence of at least one anxiety disorder (82% vs. 56%, p = 0.009) and global behavioral inhibition (2.89 ± 0.61 vs. 2.46 ± 0.61, p < 0.05) and school/social behavioral inhibition (3.56 ± 0.91 vs. 2.67 ± 0.82...

Impact of trait anxiety on psychological well-being in men with prostate cancer

Taoka,Rikiya; Matsunaga,Hisato; Kubo,Tatsuhiko; Suzuki,Toru; Yamamoto,Shingo
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Urologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Urologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.77%
Objective The aim of the present study was to determine state anxiety following radical treatment for localized prostate cancer (PCa), and the impact of trait anxiety on psychological well-being in affected patients. Material and Methods The present study was a cross-sectional survey of 70 men with localized PCa performed between February 2012 and July 2012. Of those, 21, 25, and 24 patients were treated by radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP), permanent prostate brachytherapy (PPB), and external beam radiotherapy (EBRT), respectively. State anxiety, trait anxiety, and general health were assessed using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and 8 Items Short Form Health Survey (SF-8). Results The rate of very high and high state anxiety in patients who received RRP was 47.6%, while that in patients who received PPB and EBRT was 40.0% and 37.5%, respectively. In contrast, the rate of very high and high trait anxiety in the RRP group was much lower (23.7%). Trait anxiety showed a high correlation with state anxiety and the mental health component summary of SF-8 (correlation coefficient=0.715, -0.504). Conclusions Trait anxiety was associated with the degree of state anxiety regarding treatments for PCa, followed by change in state anxiety...

An Evaluation of Functional Impairment among Children with Anxiety Disorders

Fredericks, Irina
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.76%
Despite a considerable progress in developing and testing psychosocial treatments to reduce youth anxiety disorders, much remains to learn about the relation between anxiety symptom reduction and change in youth functional impairment. The specific aims of this dissertation thus were to examine: (1) the relation between different levels of anxiety and youth functional impairment ratings; (2) incremental validity of the Children Global Assessment Scale (CGAS); (3) the mediating role of anxiety symptom reduction on youth functional impairment ratings; (4) the directionality of change between anxiety symptom reduction and youth functional impairment; (5) the moderating effects of youth age, sex, and ethnicity on the mediated relation between youth anxiety symptom reduction and change in functional impairment; and (6) an agreement (or lack thereof) between youths and their parents in their views of change in youth functional impairment vis-à-vis anxiety symptom reduction. The results were analyzed using archival data set acquired from 183 youths and their mothers. Research questions were tested using SPSS and structural equation modeling techniques in Mplus. The results supported the efficacy of psychosocial treatments to reduce the severity of youth anxiety symptoms and its associated functional impairment. Moreover...

Anxiety Sensitivity’s Facets in Relation to Anxious and Depressive Symptoms in Youth

Nichols-Lopez, Kristin A
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
Anxiety sensitivity is a multifaceted cognitive risk factor currently being examined in relation to anxiety and depression. The paucity of research on the relative contribution of the facets of anxiety sensitivity to anxiety and depression, coupled with variations in existing findings, indicate that the relations remain inadequately understood. In the present study, the relations between the facets of anxiety sensitivity, anxiety, and depression were examined in 730 Hispanic-Latino and European-American youth referred to an anxiety specialty clinic. Youth completed the Childhood Anxiety Sensitivity Index, the Revised Children’s Manifest Anxiety Scale, and the Children’s Depression Inventory. The factor structure of the Childhood Anxiety Sensitivity Index was examined using ordered-categorical confirmatory factor analytic techniques. Goodness-of-fit criteria indicated that a two-factor model fit the data best. The identified facets of anxiety sensitivity included Physical/Mental Concerns and Social Concerns. Support was also found for cross-ethnic equivalence of the two-factor model across Hispanic-Latino and European-American youth. Structural equation modeling was used to examine models involving anxiety sensitivity, anxiety, and depression. Results indicated that an overall measure of anxiety sensitivity was positively associated with both anxiety and depression...

The Impact of Maternal Acculturation, Youth Age, Sex and Anxiety Sensitivity on Anxiety Symptoms in Hispanic Youth

Pienkowski, Maria
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.8%
Despite progress that has been made in the areas of maternal acculturation and internalizing symptoms in Hispanic youth, much remains to be learned about the relation between maternal acculturation and youth anxiety. The inclusion of cognitive vulnerabilities such as anxiety sensitivity (AS) further adds to the understanding the development of anxiety in Hispanic youth. Examining the role that youth age and youth sex play in the relation between AS and youth anxiety symptoms also can further understanding of the development of youth anxiety. Thus, the specific aims of this dissertation were to examine whether: (1) a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) would yield a two factor structure of the Stephenson Multigroup Acculturation Measure (SMAS; Stephenson, 2000); (2) maternal acculturation as measured by the SMAS is related to youth anxiety symptoms; (3) mother country of origin (i.e, Cuban or another Latin country) moderates the relation between youth AS and youth anxiety symptoms; (4) youth age moderates the relation between youth AS and youth anxiety symptoms; (5) youth sex moderates the relation between youth AS and youth anxiety symptoms. In addition, research has shown Hispanic youth report more anxiety symptoms than non-Hispanic youth. The Revised Children’s Manifest Anxiety Scale’s (RCMAS; Reynolds & Richmond...

Cannabis use and anxiety: is stress the missing piece of the puzzle?

Temple, Elizabeth C.; Driver, Matthew; Brown, Rhonda F.
Fonte: Frontiers Publicador: Frontiers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 13 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.77%
OBJECTIVE Comorbidity between anxiety and cannabis use is common yet the nature of the association between these conditions is not clear. Four theories were assessed, and a fifth hypothesis tested to determine if the misattribution of stress symptomology plays a role in the association between state-anxiety and cannabis. METHODS Three-hundred-sixteen participants ranging in age from 18 to 71 years completed a short online questionnaire asking about their history of cannabis use and symptoms of stress and anxiety. RESULTS Past and current cannabis users reported higher incidence of lifetime anxiety than participants who had never used cannabis; however, these groups did not differ in state-anxiety, stress, or age of onset of anxiety. State-anxiety and stress were not associated with frequency of cannabis use, but reported use to self-medicate for anxiety was positively associated with all three. Path analyses indicated two different associations between anxiety and cannabis use, pre-existing and high state-anxiety was associated with (i) higher average levels of intoxication and, in turn, acute anxiety responses to cannabis use; (ii) frequency of cannabis use via the mediating effects of stress and self-medication. CONCLUSION None of the theories was fully supported by the findings. However...

Depression, anxiety and morbidity outcomes after cardiac surgery.

Tully, Phillip John
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.8%
Depression and heart disease are among the top ten causes of an estimated 56 million deaths throughout the world (Lopez, Mathers, Ezzati, Jamison, & Murray, 2006). Projections by the World Health Organisation indicate that depression and cardiac disorders will indeed remain among the top ten leading causes of disease burden by the year 2020 (Lopez et al., 2006; Murray & Lopez, 1997). The extant literature describes a prognostic association between depressive symptoms and adverse coronary artery disease (CAD) outcomes (Barth, Schumacher, & Herrmann-Lingen, 2004; Rugulies, 2002; Suls & Bunde, 2005; Van der Kooy et al., 2007). These findings extend to persons having undergone cardiac revascularisation surgery (Connerney, Shapiro, McLaughlin, Bagiella, & Sloan, 2001) and have prompted various consensus panels to call for routine depression assessment among heart disease patients (Ballenger et al., 2001; Davidson et al., 2006; Lichtman et al., 2008). By comparison to depression, anxiety has attracted a smaller share of empirical investigation and consensus panel support with respect to heart disease morbidity outcomes. This is particularly the case with regard to heart disease patients who have undergone cardiac surgery. In fact, one unanswered question to date is whether or not anxiety is related to morbidity after cardiac surgery to the same degree as has been described for depression. Notwithstanding substantial interrelation...

Anxiety, depression, and comorbid anxiety and depression: risk factors and outcome over two years

Almeida, O.; Draper, B.; Pirkis, J.; Snowdon, J.; Lautenschlager, N.; Byrne, G.; Sim, M.; Stocks, N.; Kerse, N.; Flicker, L.; Pfaff, J.
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.77%
Background: This study aimed to determine: (1) the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and depression associated with anxiety (DA); (2) the risk factor profile of depression, anxiety, and DA; (3) the course of depression, anxiety, and DA over 24 months. Methods: Two-year longitudinal study of 20,036 adults aged 60+ years. We used the Patient Health Questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale anxiety subscale to establish the presence of depression and anxiety, and standard procedures to collect demographic, lifestyle, psychosocial, and clinical data. Results: The prevalence of anxiety, depression, and DA was 4.7%, 1.4%, and 1.8%. About 57% of depression cases showed evidence of comorbid anxiety, while only 28% of those with clinically significant anxiety had concurrent depression. There was not only an overlap in the distribution of risk factors in these diagnostic groups but also differences. We found that 31%, 23%, and 35% of older adults with anxiety, depression, and DA showed persistence of symptoms after two years. Repeated anxiety was more common in women and repeated depression in men. Socioeconomic stressors were common in repeated DA. Conclusions: Clinically significant anxiety and depression are distinct conditions that frequently coexist in later life; when they appear together...

The bidirectionality of the relationship between insomnia, anxiety and depression in adolescents: a longitudinal study.

Alvaro, Pasquale Kristian
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2014
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.8%
Bidirectionality refers to whether variable x predicts and/or is predicted by variable y. This thesis identified and accounted for gaps within the literature on the bidirectionality of the relationship between insomnia, depression, and anxiety during adolescence. Namely, bidirectionality was assessed across different subtypes of anxiety, using continuous variables. The independent effect of chronotype on the bidirectionality of the relationship between insomnia and depression, and insomnia and subtypes of anxiety were also considered. Study one systematically reviewed the literature of the bidirectional associations between sleep disturbances, anxiety and depression across all age groups. In total, the systematic review contained nine independent studies. Best available evidence indicates that insomnia is bidirectionally related to anxiety and depression. The limited data available suggests that bidirectionality may extend beyond insomnia to other sleep disturbances, although additional research is needed to further clarify this notion. Study two assessed the cross-sectional independent relationships between insomnia and depression, and insomnia and various subtypes of anxiety during adolescence. The predictive effect of chronotype on insomnia...

Gender differences in depression and anxiety across the adult lifespan

Leach, L. S.
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.76%
Women are on average twice as likely as men to experience depression and anxiety disorders. Several explanations have been proposed to explain these gender disparities. However, few studies have examined the possibility that the gender difference in depression and anxiety prevalence, and the explanatory factors involved, vary across the life course. This thesis describes the pattern of distribution for gender differences in depression and anxiety levels across the adult lifespan, and evaluates the role of potential psychosocial risk factors at particular life stages. Analyses were undertaken using the first and second waves of the Personality and Total Health (PATH) Through Life study. This study collects data on three narrow-aged cohorts living in the Canberra and Queanbeyan region (Australia) every four years. At Wave 1, participants were aged 20- 24, 40-44 and 60-64. The outcome measures used in this thesis were the Goldberg Depression and Anxiety Scales. Across the three PATH cohorts, women experienced higher levels of depression and anxiety than did men. However differences were most prominent in the youngest age group. Latent variable modelling showed that for each age group, the gender difference in levels of depression and anxiety could not be attributed to gender-biased items. Two pathways to the gender disparity in depression and anxiety levels were explored. First...

MORE THAN “A LITTLE BIT NERVOUS”: UNDERSTANDING THE EXPERIENCES OF YOUNG WOMEN WITH ANXIETY DURING SECONDARY SCHOOL

Ross, Vita-Marie
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.77%
In recent years, there has been greater recognition of the importance of examining and improving the mental health of Canadian youth, in that approximately 50% of mental health problems surface during adolescence (Mental Health Commission of Canada, 2013). One of the most debilitating mental health issues facing young people is anxiety (Canadian Mental Health Association, 2014; Rockhill et al., 2010). The ability of anxiety to impair the daily functioning of students at school is becoming an increasing concern for Canadian teachers (Canadian Teachers’ Federation, 2012). The purpose of this study was to understand the experiences of six young women between 18 and 22 years of age who self-reported having anxiety during secondary school. Semi-structured interviews were used to assist in further understanding these women’s experiences. An inductive approach was employed to analyze the data. Data analysis revealed four primary themes: (1) experience of anxiety, (2) triggers of anxiety, (3) effects of anxiety, and (4) coping with anxiety. All participants’ experience of anxiety included physiological and cognitive symptoms. For some of these young women, a lack of awareness of their anxiety and stigma were additionally encountered. Participants identified academic...

The role of anxiety in golf putting performance

Kenny, Ian; MacNamara, Aine; Shafat, Amir; Dunphy, Orla; Murphy, Sinead; O'Connor, Kenneth; Ryan, Tara; Waldron, Gerry
Fonte: Original Writing Ltd. Publicador: Original Writing Ltd.
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject; all_ul_research
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.79%
peer-reviewed; INTRODUCTION: Anxiety’s influence on performance continues to be one of the main research interests for sport psychologists (Hanin, 2000). It is apparent, though, that there is a lack of empirical research characterising the multi-disciplinary effect of anxiety on sports performance. The current study aimed to ascertain biomechanical (accuracy, movement variability) and psychological (anxiety) markers to determine how anxiety affects golf putting. METHOD: 22 healthy subjects (12 male, 10 female, 21.7±2.0 yrs, 175.3±8.1 cm, 76.4±10.0 kg, all data mean±SD) who had played golf recreationally previously but with no recorded handicap were recruited. Subjects performed thirty 3.05 m putts using their own putter under a control and anxiety condition. Anxiety was elevated using environmental cues (e.g. presence of spectators) and a competition scenario. Three-dimensional motion was tracked using a six camera Motion AnalysisTM system operating at 240 Hz. Final ball position from the hole was ascertained using overhead digital photogrammetry. Self reported anxiety was measured pre, during and post putting using standardised self-report anxiety questionnaires. The Competitive State Anxiety Inventory (CSAI) was used to measure state anxiety intensity and direction across three sub scales (i.e. cognitive anxiety...

Biological traits and neurophysiological substrates of anxiety and somatic symptoms

Mallorquí Bagué, Núria
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.83%
L'ansietat és una emoció que involucra canvis fisiològics, psicològics i comportamentals. Quan l'ansietat és excessiva i per tant desadaptatitva, es caracteritza per sentiments de tensió, de preocupació i, s'acompanya de diferents sensacions corporals desagradables que produeixen gran malestar; minvant així l'autonomia personal del que la pateix. La etiologia dels trastorns d'ansietat encara és poc clara. No obstant, estudis clínics i neurofisiològics han descrit alguns factors de predisposició ansiosa que resulten ser claus en el desenvolupament i manteniment d'aquests trastorns. Entre aquests factors de predisposició destaquen l'ansietat tret, la consciència corporal i la interocepció, que han estat àmpliament descrits com a trets de vulnerabilitat i marcadors potencials per a la hipocondria, l'ansietat i la somatització. A més a més vàries regions cerebrals hi tenen també un rol clau, especialment les que conformen l'anomenat cervell emocional (ex.: amígdala, còrtex cingulat anterior, insula i hipocamp). Per últim destacar també la Síndrome d'Hiperlaxitud Articular, una anomalia col·làgena generalitzada que està associada a irregularitats en la reactivitat autonòmica i descrita com a factor de risc pels trastorns d'ansietat. A més a més...

Anxiety in patients with acute coronary syndromes

Ciric-Zdravkovic,Snezana V.; Zikic,Olivera V.; Stanojevic,Dragana M.; Sci,M.; Petrovic-Nagorni,Svetlana M.
Fonte: The European Journal of Psychiatry Publicador: The European Journal of Psychiatry
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.77%
Background and Objectives: Anxiety is frequently encountered in acute coronary syndrome. It is believed that the prevalence of anxiety among cardiac patients is between 15 and 50%. The goal of our study was to determine whether there is an association between current anxiety and anxiety tendency in patients with acute coronary syndrome. A secondary goal was to establish possible distinct features of acute coronary syndromes in patients with the anxiety. Methods and results: Our study included 30 patients suffering from acute coronary syndrome. To obtain additional data on physical and mental health, we applied specially designed and validated questionnaires. In a groups without the anxiety and intensive anxiety there were no patients, while in the group with mild anxiety there were 21 patients (70%) and 9 patients had moderate anxiety (30%). The average number of hospital treatments was significantly higher in patients with moderate anxiety (average 2.3). Patients who were first time hospitalized due to cardiovascular disease, at the highest percentage (81%) had low current anxiety. Those patients who had intensive anxiety traits and propensity to anxiety response had the highest average number of hospital days (9 days). Patients who had intensive anxiety traits had the lowest values ​​of internal locus of control (had feeling that only themselves were cause of the disease). Conclusions: Current anxiety and anxious personality structure are strongly associated with the course of the coronary heart disease. In particular...