Página 1 dos resultados de 10096 itens digitais encontrados em 0.025 segundos

Modificação da cascata e taxa lipolítica do tecido adiposo de ovelhas lactantes tratadas com somatotropina bovina. ; Effect of physiological state and somatotropin on the response to lipolytic and antilipolytic signalling in ovine adipose tissue.

Carvalho, Marina Hojaij
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/05/2003 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
Foram utilizadas 24 ovelhas da raça Santa Inês para coleta de tecido adiposo, sendo 16 lactantes e 8 secas. Oito ovelhas lactantes foram tratadas in vivo com bST (160 mg, em duas doses em intervalo de 14 dias) iniciando a injeção subcutânea de hormônio no 13 o dia de lactação, sendo que os animais restantes receberam somente vitamina E. Outros 8 animais encontravam-se em período seco, para que fosse verificada também a diferença das taxas lipolíticas em diferentes estados fisiológicos. Foi verificada a hipótese de que ocorra uma atuação da ST através de mudança na resposta do sistema antilipolítico da proteína Gi ligada a receptores da adenosina. O tratamento com ST exógena aumentou o ganho de peso das ovelhas lactantes (P<0,05) e também o peso dos cordeiros oriundos do grupo tratado ao final do período experimental, no entanto, não foi verificado aumento na produção de leite. As concentrações de AGNE diminuíram no decorrer da lactação para os dois grupos de ovelhas lactantes, chegando no 36 º dia de lactação a concentrações similares ao do grupo de ovelhas secas. A concentração de IGF-I sérico das ovelhas aumentou após tratamento com bST, sendo 8 dias após a segunda dose do hormônio (36 dias de lactação) superior à concentração observada para ovelhas secas. A lactação não teve influência na lipólise basal entre os diferentes estados fisiológicos. Houve um aumento significativo (P<0...

Estudo dos mecanismos genéticos e celulares durante a fase inflamatória do processo de regeneração tecidual em animais selecionados geneticamente para a máxima resposta inflamatória aguda homozigotos para os alelos R ou S do gene Slc11a1.; Study of genetic and cellular mechanisms during the inflammatory phase of tissue regeneration process in animals genetically selected for maximum acute inflammatory response homozygous for Slc11a1 R and S alleles.

Gasparelo, Tatiane Aparecida Canhamero
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/11/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
Sublinhagens de camundongos AIRmax e AIRmin homozigotas para os alelos R ou S do gene Slc11a1 apresentam distinta capacidade regenerativa à perfuração de suas orelhas. Animais AIRmaxSS exibiram regeneração tecidual precoce em comparação aos animais AIRmaxRR, sugerindo que o alelo S favorece a regeneração nestes animais. Camundongos das sublinhagens AIRmin não apresentaram regeneração após perfuração de suas orelhas. Em resposta ao estímulo, animais AIRmaxSS exibiram inflamação local mais intensa e tardia do que animais AIRmaxRR, demonstrando elevados níveis de MPO e edema, e influxo celular predominantemente de neutrófilos. Ensaios de expressão gênica global demonstraram genes diferencialmente expressos entre as sublinhagens, evidenciando genes sobre-representados no tema biológico proliferação celular em ambas sublinhagens, enquanto somente nos animais AIRmaxSS ocorreu sobre-representação para resposta inflamatória nos genes ativados e para contração muscular nos genes reprimidos. Os resultados de microarray foram validados por qPCR.; Homozygous AIRmax and AIRmin sublines for Slc11a1 R and S alleles present distinct regenerative capacity to the ear hole. AIRmaxSS mice exhibited early tissue regeneration compared to AIRmaxRR animals...

Tissue distribution of lycopene in ferrets and rats after lycopene supplementation

Ferreira, Ana Lucia A.; Yeum, Kyung-Jin; Liu, Chun; Smith, Donald; Krinsky, Norman I.; Wang, Xiang-Dong; Russell, Robert M.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1256-1260
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.96%
To determine lycopene uptake and tissue distribution in ferrets (Mustela putorius furo) and F344 rats, we supplemented orally 4.6 mg/(kg body wt-d) lycopene in a tomato oleoresin-com oil mixture (experimental groups). After 9 wk of supplementation, the animals were killed and blood and organs were collected. Plasma and tissue carotenoids were extracted and measured using HPLC. Mean concentrations of lycopene (nmol/kg wet tissue) in saponified tissues of ferrets were as follows: liver 933, intestine 73, prostate 12.7 and stomach 9.3. Levels of lycopene (nmol/kg wet tissue) in saponified tissue of rats were as follows: liver 14213, intestine 3125, stomach 78.6, prostate 24 and testis 3.9. When these organs were extracted without saponification, the lycopene levels were lower, except for rat testis. All-translycopene was the predominant isomer found in tomato oleoresin and in the majority of rat tissues, whereas cislycopenes were predominant in rat prostate and plasma. This pattern was reversed in ferrets. The results show the following: 1) lycopene from tomato oleoresin is absorbed and stored primarily in the liver of both animals; 2) saponification generally improves the extraction of lycopene from most tissues of both animals; 3) cis-lycopene and all- translycopene are the predominant isomers in ferret and rat tissues...

Toxic mechanism of nickel exposure on cardiac tissue

Novelli, E. L B; Diniz, Y. S.; Machado, T.; Proença, V.; Tibiriçá, T.; Faine, L.; Ribas, B. O.; Almeida, J. A.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 177-187
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.98%
The incidence of cardiovascular disease has increased in the general population, and cardiac damage is indicated as one important cause of mortality. In addition, pollution and metal exposure have increased in recent years. For this reason, toxic effects of metals, such as nickel, and their relation to cardiac damage should be urgently established. Although free radical-mediated cellular damage and reactive oxygen species have been theorized as contributing to the nickel mechanism of toxicity, recent investigations have established that free radicals may be important contributors to cardiac dysfunction. However, there is little information on the effect of nickel exposure on markers of oxidative stress in cardiac tissue. Nickel exposure (Ni2+ 100 mg L-1 from NiSO4) significantly increased lipoperoxide and total lipid concentrations in cardiac tissue. We also observed increased serum levels of cholesterol (59%), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH-64%), and alanine transaminase (ALT-30%) in study animals. The biochemical parameters recovered to the control values with tocopherol intake (0.2 mg 200 g-1). Vitamin E alone significantly decreased the lipoperoxide concentration and increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities in the heart. Since no alterations were observed in catalase and GSH-Px activities by nickel exposure while SOD activities were decreased...

Toxic mechanism of cadmium exposure on cardiac tissue

Novelli, Ethel Lourenzi Barbosa; Marques, S. F G; Almeida, J. A.; Diniz, Y. S.; Faine, L. A.; Ribas, B. O.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 207-217
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
The presence of toxic substances in the workplace environment requires systematic evaluation of exposure and health status in exposed subjects. Cadmium is a highly toxic element found in water. Although free mediated cellular damage and reactive oxygen species (ROS), had been theorized as contributing to the cadmium mechanism of toxicity, and recent investigations have established that free radicals may be important contributors to cardiac dysfunction, there is little information on the effect of cadmium exposure on markers of oxidative stress in cardiac tissue. Cadmium exposure (Cd2+ - 100 mg/1-from CdCl2) in drinking water, during 15 days, significantly increased lipoperoxide and decreased the activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase. No alterations were observed in catalase activity in heart of rats with cadmium exposure. We also observed decreased glycogen and glucose concentration and increased total lipid content in cardiac tissue of rats with cadmium exposure. The decreased activities of alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase reflected decreased metabolic protein degradation, and increased lactate dehydrogenase activity was related with increases in capacity of glycolysis. Since the metabolic pathways were altered by cadmium exposure...

The adverse effect of a high energy dense diet on cardiac tissue

Novelli, E. L B; Fernandes, A. A H; Campos, K. E.; Diniz, Y. S.; Almeida, J. A.; Faine, L. A.; Ribas, B. O.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 287-294
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
Purpose: To determine whether a high energy dense diet intake increases oxidative stress and alters antioxidant enzymes in cardiac tissue. Design: A randomized, controlled study. Ninety-day-old female rats were randomly divided into two groups: one fed with a low energy dense diet (LE; 3.0 kcal g-1) and one with a high energy dense diet (HE; 4.5 kcal g-1). Materials and Methods: After 8 weeks of treatment, the animals were fasted overnight and sacrificed by decapitation. The serum was used for glucose, triacylglycerol, cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol determinations. The glycogen, lipoperoxide, lipid hydroperoxide, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, lactate dehydrogenase, citrate synthase, total and non-protein sulphhydryl groups were determined in cardiac tissue. Results: HE decreased the myocardial glycogen content and increased the lactate dehydrogenase/citrate synthase ratio, indicating an increased glycolytic pathway and a shift from myocardial aerobic metabolism. HE-treated female rats showed increased lipoperoxide and hydroperoxide levels in cardiac tissue. Although no alterations were observed in the total sulphhydryl group and superoxide dismutase activities...

Effect of nωnla, an inhibitor of No-synthase, on the release of tissue-plasminogem activator from rat aorta

Fracasso, J. F.; Silva, R. F P; Lepera, E. Z P
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 23-25
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
Alterations in the synthesis or enhanced inactivation of nitric oxide (NO) and increase in fibrin deposition in the vascular bed lead to an imbalance that can induced intravascular coagulation. NO is produced through L-arginine pathway by constitutive and inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS). The inducible isoform can be activated by cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor alfa. We evaluated NO-induced tissue-plasminogen activator (t-PA) release from isolated aortic segments of Wistar rats measuring the fibrinolytic activity in the fibrin plate. Inhibition of NO biossynthesis with Nω-nitro-L-arginine (NωNLA) significantly attenuated the fibrinolytic activity (FA) evoked by aortic segments of this group (GII) compared to the saline group (GI). The administration of L-arginine produced restoration of FA in this group (GIII) treated with NωNLA suggesting that t-PA arising from segments of rat aorta is influenced by NO.

Acellular dermal tissue study: An ultrastructural evaluation of human and porcine derived tissues in a rat model

Hoyama, E.; Schellini, Silvana Artioli; Gregório, E. A.; Rossa, R.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 305-308
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the host response of a human and a porcine derived acellular dermal tissue (ADT) implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of a rat model. Two subcutaneous pockets were surgically created along the dorsal midline of 25 rats (5 rats/group). The human ADT was placed superiorly and the porcine ADT, inferiorly. The animals were sacrificed at 07, 15, 30, 60 and 180 postoperative days (PO) and the ADTs and surrounding soft tissues were assessed for ultrastructural evaluation by transmission electron microscopy. The ultrastructural findings were similar in both materials. Normal collagen and elastic fibers bundles were observed during all experimental moments, as well as macrophages presenting cytoplasmic enlargements digesting cellular portions after 15 PO. From 30 until 180 PO, vacuolar structures filled with an amorphous, electron-transparent substance, were present inside and outside the fibroblasts. Both human and porcine ADT showed similar pattern of ultrastructural response when implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of rats. The porcine ADT appears as a good alternative to be used as a biomaterial.

Porous polyethylene for tissue engineering applications in diabetic rats treated with calcitonin: Histomorphometric analysis

Claro, Flávio Augusto; Lima, José Roberto Sá; Salgado, Miguel Angel Castillo; Gomes, Mônica Fernandes
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 211-219
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
Purpose: The purpose of this work was to study the bone tissue reaction after porous polyethylene (Polipore) implantation into surgical defects in the parietal bones of rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes, treated with salmon calcitonin. Materials and Methods: Porous polyethylene implants were placed in bone defects created in 36 adult female rats. The rats were divided into 3 equal groups: diabetic treated with calcitonin (DCa), diabetic (D), and control (C). The animals of the DCa group received applications of salmon calcitonin on alternating days immediately after the surgery until sacrifice. The rats were sacrificed after 15, 30, 60, and 90 days, and the defects were examined histologically and statistically through histomorphometric analysis. Results: Histomorphometric analysis showed that there was no statistically significant difference in the mean quantity of inflammatory cells among all study groups after 15 and 90 days. At 30 days, a statistically significant difference was observed between the D and C groups and the D and DCa groups. At 60 days, there was no statistically significant difference between the D and DCa groups. Discussion: Porous polyethylene can be considered an option for implant material when there are investigations that prove its biocompatibility and stability in the host tissues. Salmon calcitonin positively aided the bone repair and attenuated the inflammatory response until 30 days after the surgery. Conclusion: Porous polyethylene was tolerated by the host tissues in all groups...

Tissue distribution of a plasmid DNA encoding Hsp65 gene is dependent on the dose administered through intramuscular delivery

Coelho-Castelo, A. A M; Trombone, A. P.; Rosada, R. S.; Santos, R. R.; Bonato, V. L D; Sartori, A.; Silva, C. L.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
In order to assess a new strategy of DNA vaccine for a more complete understanding of its action in immune response, it is important to determine the in vivo biodistribution fate and antigen expression. In previous studies, our group focused on the prophylactic and therapeutic use of a plasmid DNA encoding the Mycobacterium leprae 65-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp65) and achieved an efficient immune response induction as well as protection against virulent M. tuberculosis challenge. In the present study, we examined in vivo tissue distribution of naked DNA-Hsp65 vaccine, the Hsp65 message, genome integration and methylation status of plasmid DNA. The DNA-Hsp65 was detectable in several tissue types, indicating that DNA-Hsp65 disseminates widely throughout the body. The biodistribution was dose-dependent. In contrast, RT-PCR detected the Hsp65 message for at least 15 days in muscle or liver tissue from immunized mice. We also analyzed the methylation status and integration of the injected plasmid DNA into the host cellular genome. The bacterial methylation pattern persisted for at least 6 months, indicating that the plasmid DNA-Hsp65 does not replicate in mammalian tissue, and Southern blot analysis showed that plasmid DNA was not integrated. These results have important implications for the use of DNA-Hsp65 vaccine in a clinical setting and open new perspectives for DNA vaccines and new considerations about the inoculation site and delivery system. © 2006 Coelho-Castelo et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

α-Lipoic acid-enrichment partially reverses tissue ascorbic acid depletion in pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus) fed vitamin C-devoid diets

Park, Kwan Ha; Terjesen, Bendik Fyhn; Tesser, Marcelo Borges; Portella, Maria Célia; Dabrowski, Konrad
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 329-338
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
Effects of dietary α-lipoic acid (LA) and ascorbic acid (AA) on the growth, tissue vitamin C and tocopherol (vitamin E) levels, and malondialdehyde levels were examined in the tropical fish pacu, Piaractus mesopotamicus. Pacu juveniles were fed one of four casein-gelatin-based diets for 8 weeks: with 0.05% AA and 0.1% LA (+AA+LA), with AA and without LA (+AA-LA), without AA and with LA (-AA+LA), and without AA and LA (-AA-LA). When the fish received quantities of feed equal to 1.9-2.5% of its body weight, growth was not influenced, regardless of the presence of AA or LA throughout most of the experimental period. Growth was, however, slightly but significantly lower at week 8 in the AA-deficient/LA-supplemented group. An AA-deficient diet caused a highly significant reduction in both total AA and dehydroascorbic acid content in the liver and gill tissues. This reduction of tissue AA concentrations was reversed in a significant manner by LA (antioxidant-sparing effect). The 8-week-long vitamin C deprivation was sufficient to initiate the reduction in tissue ascorbic acid; however, total ascorbate in the liver of fish in the (-)AA/(+)LA group was 127.7±54.3 nmol g-1 tissue, whereas it was 28.6±26.3 nmol g-1 in the (-)AA/(-)LA group...

Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) location in the ventral, lateral, dorsal and anterior lobes of rat prostate by immunohistochemistry

Delella, Flávia K.; Justulin Jr., Luis A.; Felisbino, Sérgio L.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 229-234
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.82%
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) play a major role in extracellular matrix component degradation in several normal and abnormal tissue situations; they are also found in human seminal plasma. MMPs have been found in rat prostate secretions and are nearly lobe specific in expression pattern. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether TIMP-2, like other semen components, is expressed differently from different rat prostatic lobes. Immunohistochemical staining was performed in both young and adult rat ventral (VP), lateral (LP), dorsal (DP), and anterior (AP) prostatic lobes and confirmed by western blotting. TIMP-2 expression was found in the epithelial cells in the following sequence: LP > AP > DP > VP, in both young and adult rats. In this study, 100% of adult LP presented histological signs of prostatitis, where TIMP-2 immunostaining was positive in normal epithelium even with intraluminal neutrophils, but was reduced or absent in the epithelium with intraepithelial leukocytes or with periductal stroma disorganization associated with mononuclear cell infiltration. However, TIMP-2 expression in LP was not induced by prostatitis, since younger rat LPs were also strongly TIMP-2 positive. The distal and intermediate VP regions were TIMP-2 negative...

Osteoconductivity of modified fluorcanasite glass-ceramics for bone tissue augmentation and repair

Bandyopadhyay-Ghosh, S.; Faria, P. E. P.; Johnson, A.; Felipucci, D. N. B.; Reaney, I. M.; Salata, L. A.; Brook, I. M.; Hatton, P. V.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 760-768
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
Modified fluorcanasite glasses were fabricated by either altering the molar ratios of Na 2O and CaO or by adding P 2O 5 to the parent stoichiometric glass compositions. Glasses were converted to glass-ceramics by a controlled two-stage heat treatment process. Rods (2 mm x 4 mm) were produced using the conventional lost-wax casting technique. Osteoconductive 45S5 bioglass was used as a reference material. Biocompatibility and osteoconductivity were investigated by implantation into healing defects (2 mm) in the midshaft of rabbit femora. Tissue response was investigated using conventional histology and scanning electron microscopy. Histological and histomorphometric evaluation of specimens after 12 weeks implantation showed significantly more bone contact with the surface of 45S5 bioglass implants when compared with other test materials. When the bone contact for each material was compared between experimental time points, the Glass-Ceramic 2 (CaO rich) group showed significant difference (p = 0.027) at 4 weeks, but no direct contact at 12 weeks. Histology and backscattered electron photomicrographs showed that modified fluorcanasite glass-ceramic implants had greater osteoconductivity than the parent stoichiometric composition. Of the new materials...

Development of the “Three-step MACS”: a Novel Strategy for Isolating Rare Cell Populations in the Absence of Known Cell Surface Markers from Complex Animal Tissue

Lee, Mathia Y.; Lufkin, Thomas
Fonte: Association of Biomolecular Resource Facilities Publicador: Association of Biomolecular Resource Facilities
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.85%
To circumvent the difficulty of isolating specific cell populations by MACS from dissociated complex animal tissue, when their proportions reached levels similar to that of the background, we developed the “Three-step MACS” strategy. Cells of interest are defined by their expression of a particular gene(s) of interest rather by than their natural cell surface markers or size. A two-component transgenic cell surface protein, for two sequential rounds of MACS, is expressed under the promoter control of the endogenous gene of interest by means of gene targeting and the generation of transgenic tissue. An initial step to remove dead cells is also used. Here, we describe proof-of-concept experiments, using the biotin acceptor peptide (BAP)-low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor as the two-component protein. The first component, the BAP, can be biotinylated in specific subsets of cells expressing a particular gene by expressing the biotinylating enzyme, hBirA = humanized BirA (hBirA), under the promoter control of another gene defining the specific subpopulation. We showed that a rare population of cells (1.1% of the 13.5 days postcoital mouse embryo) could be enriched to a sufficiently high purity (84.4%). From another sample with 0.1% of our cells of interest...

On the Feasibility of Depth Profiling of Animal Tissue by Ultrashort Pulse Laser Ablation

Milasinovic, Slobodan; Liu, Yaoming; Bhardwaj, Chhavi; Melvin, Blaze M.T.; Gordon, Robert J.; Hanley, Luke
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
Experiments were performed to examine the feasibility of MS depth profiling of animal tissue by ~75 fs, 800 nm laser pulses to expose underlying layers of tissue for subsequent MS analysis. Matrix assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) was used to analyze phospholipids and proteins from both intact bovine eye lens tissue and tissue ablated by ultrashort laser pulses. Laser desorption postionization (LDPI-MS) with 10.5 eV single photon ionization was also used to analyze cholesterol and other small molecules in the tissue before and after laser ablation. Scanning electron microscopy was applied to examine the ablation patterns in the tissue and estimate the depth of the ablation craters. Ultrashort pulse laser ablation was found able to remove a layer of several tens of micrometers from the surface of eye lens tissue while leaving the underlying tissue relatively undamaged for subsequent MS analysis. MS analysis of cholesterol, phospholipids, peptides, and various unidentified species did not reveal any chemical damage caused by ultrashort pulse laser ablation for analytes smaller than ~6 kDa. However, a drop in intensity of larger protein ions was detected by MALDI-MS following laser ablation. An additional advantage was that ablated tissue displayed up to an order of magnitude higher signal intensities than intact tissue when subsequently analyzed by MS. These results support the use of ultrashort pulse laser ablation in combination with MS analysis to permit depth profiling of animal tissue.

Emprego da Técnica de pcr em tempo real na detecção de DNA de Brucella spp em lesões de carcaças e vísceras provenientes de matadouros- frigoríficos sob inspeção federal.; Real-Time PCR detection of Brucella spp in lesions of carcasses and visceras from slaughterhouses under Federal Inspection

SOLA, Marilia Cristina
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciência Animal; Ciências Agrárias - Veterinaria Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciência Animal; Ciências Agrárias - Veterinaria
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.86%
Brucellosis is a chronic infectious disease caused by bacterium of the genus Brucella, which affects humans and different species of animals. Despite the implementation of programs aimed at the disease controlling and eradicating, brucelosis is endemic in many countries, especially in developing ones, resulting in significant economic losses and serious implications for animal and public health, due to its zoonotic character. The disease can be transmitted by direct or indirect contact with infected animals, fetal membranes, and also transmitted to humans by contaminated animal products, especially milk and dairy products that have not undergone thermal processing, by raw meat and the handling of carcasses and visceras at the slaughterhouse. The National Programme for Control and Eradication of Brucellosis (PNCEBT), established in the country in 2001, determines the diagnosis of animals in order to establish both the distribution and characterization of the agent. In this context and seeking for a rapid, safe and precise diagnosis of this disease in cattle, we aimed to detect Brucella spp by real time PCR in suspect lesions detected during routine inspection in slaughterhouses under Federal Inspection in the state of Goias, Brazil. Such lesions were related to cervical bursitis...

Expressão de fator de crescimento transformador Beta e inibidores teciduais de metaloproteinases 1 e 2 em próstatas caninas normais e com lesões proliferativas; Expression of tansforming growth factor B and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteianse 1 and 2 in normal canine prostates and with proliferative lessions

TOLEDO, Denise Caroline
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciência Animal; Ciências Agrárias - Veterinaria Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciência Animal; Ciências Agrárias - Veterinaria
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
The canine gland has drawn interest for research due to its similarities with the human prostate and the great incidence of lesions. Moreover, the canine prostate shows high incidence of diseases. The main lesions that affect the prostate are prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), cysts and adenocarcinoma. Recently attention has been given to lesions considered premalignant such as prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) and proliferative inflammatory atrophy (PIA), both studied in the human gland and also found in the canine prostate. In order to evaluate the development of prostate cancer starting as premalignant lesions, some immunohistochemical markers are employed, such as tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP), which have a key role in regulating the catalytic action of metalloproteinases (MMP), and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), that induces angiogenesis and inhibits cell proliferation and is considered a mediator of prostate growth. The objective of this study was to investigate the expression of TIMP-1, TIMP-2 and TGF-β in canine normal prostate tissue and with proliferative lesions. For this, 150 adult canine prostates were obtained from postmortem examinations. After microscopic evaluation 54 glands...

Tissue transfers. Substrates for cytology and cytochemistry of animal tissues

McDonald, J.M.D.; Matyas, J.R.; Rattner, J.P.; Rattner, J.B.
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
The Tissue Transfer Technique (TTT) is a novel method of sampling animal tissue that can be used to study tissue morphology, chemistry and physiology. This review provides an overview of the technique and demonstrates its use to detect the tissue distribution of specific epitopes, lectin binding sites and nucleic acids as well as its application as an organ monolayer in culture. These applications are compared and contrasted with standard histological techniques including the "Tissue Printing Technique" developed to sample plant tissue.

Células-tronco da medula óssea e do tecido adiposo na regeneração do nervo ulnar em equinos; Bone marrow and adipose tissue stem cells in equine ulnar nerve regeneration

MORAES, Júlia de Miranda
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Doutorado em Ciência Animal; Ciências Agrárias Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Doutorado em Ciência Animal; Ciências Agrárias
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.99%
The aim of this work was to evaluate the regeneration of equine ulnar nerves submitted to neurotomy, silicone tubing and cell therapy with bone marrow mononuclear cells fraction (MCF) or adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSC). Fifteen adult horses were divided into three groups with five animals each: control group (CG) with the use of saline solution, group with FCM deposition and group with ADSC deposition. The same surgical procedure was performed in all groups, using both nerves of each animal (right and left), establishing two moments of biopsy: on the 13th week on the right limb (CG1, MCF1 and ADSC1) and on the 26th week on the left limb (CG2, MCF2 and ADSC2). The MCF and ADSC were obtained respectively, from bone marrow and adipose tissue from each animal, both used as an authologous implant. After 13 and 26 weeks, biopsies were performed in all groups and immediately it was made some fragments slide imprints for viewing the nanocrystal fluorescent label. The fragments were fixed in 10% buffered formalin for histological analysis, with HE, luxol fast blue, Masson's trichrome, immunohistochemistry against the antibodies neurofilament (NF), S-100, FGF-2 and GDNF. Microscopically it was observed the presence of axonal growth...

A new quantitative method to determine the uptaque of SPIONs in animal tissue and its application to determine the quantity of nanoparticles in the lives and lung of Balb-c mice exposed to the SPIONs.

Zysler, Roberto Daniel; Lima, Enio Junior; Vasquez Mansilla, Marcelo; Troiani, Horacio Esteban; Mojica Pisciotti, Mary Luz; Gurman, P.; Lamagna, Alberto; Colombo, Lucas Luis
Fonte: American Scientific Publishers Publicador: American Scientific Publishers
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.97%
We propose a new method for determining the quantity of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4, SPIONs) embedded in animal tissue using magnetization measurements. With this method, the smallest detectable quantity of magnetite nanoparticles in a tissue sample is ∼1 μg. We showed that this method has proved being efficient. In this study, we focused in determining the quantity of SPION confined in lung and liver tissue of mice injected with ∼13 nm magnetite superparamagnetic nanoparticles. Furthermore, the method allowed us to detect the magnetite nanoparticles present in animal tissues without letting the natural iron ions present in the tissue or blood interfere with the measurements.; Fil: Zysler, Roberto Daniel. Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica. Gerencia del Area de Investigación y Aplicaciones No Nucleares. Gerencia de Física (Centro Atómico Bariloche); Argentina; Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica. Centro Atómico Bariloche; Argentina; Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica. Gerencia del Area de Energía Nuclear. Instituto Balseiro; Argentina;; Fil: Lima, Enio Junior. Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica. Gerencia del Area de Investigación y Aplicaciones No Nucleares. Gerencia de Física. Laboratorio de Resonancias Magnéticas; Argentina; Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica. Centro Atómico Bariloche; Argentina; Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica. Gerencia del Area de Energía Nuclear. Instituto Balseiro; Argentina;; Fil: Vasquez Mansilla...