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Desenvolvimento e estudo de materiais termoluminescentes baseados em óxido de alumínio para aplicação em dosimetria; Development and study of thermoluminescent materials based on aluminum oxide for dosimetry application

Fukumori, David Tadashi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/04/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.56%
O óxido de alumínio foi um dos primeiros compostos investigados, com vista a detectar e medir a radiação por meio da termoluminescência (TL). Comumente referido como "alumina", o óxido de alumínio tem características interessantes para o desenvolvimento de materiais para a dosimetria. Seu número atômico efetivo é intermediário entre o do osso e do tecido mole do corpo. Pode ser transformado em material termoluminescente pela inserção de elementos químicos em sua estrutura cristalina. Além da TL, a alumina pode apresentar luminescência opticamente estimulada (OSL), fenômeno que também pode ser usado para determinar a dose de radiação. Neste estudo, dois métodos foram investigados para inserir íons metálicos na alumina. O primeiro método foi baseado na capacidade de adsorção da alumina e o segundo denominado método da coprecipitação foi baseado na formação simultânea de compostos insolúveis. As amostras obtidas por adsorção de íons Cu2+ e Mn2+ não mostraram resultados satisfatórios. No entanto, as pastilhas de óxido de alumínio impurificado com Tm3+ via coprecipitação mostraram sinais de TL e OSL. Foi verificado também que a alumina eletrofundida disponível comercialmente é um material que apresenta resposta TL e OSL. Este material que contém diversos íons metálicos em sua estrutura foi transformado em pastilhas por sinterização com vidro. As curvas da resposta TL em função da temperatura e da resposta TL e OSL em função da dose foram determinadas. Os resultados obtidos indicam que estudos mais aprofundados das pastilhas desenvolvidas podem melhorar suas características para que sejam aplicadas em dosimetria.; The aluminum oxide was one of the former compounds investigated with a view to detecting and measuring radiation by means of the thermoluminescence (TL). Commonly referred to as "alumina"...

Efeito do jateamento de óxido de alumínio e uso de selante industrial, na superfície de pilares protéticos Cone Morse, de restaurações implanto suportadas sobre a resistência ao contratorque; Effect of aluminum oxide blasting and use of industrial sealant on the outer abutment surface of the prosthetic morse taper system connection on the untightening torque

Tunes, Fábio Sanches Magalhães
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/06/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.68%
Problemas com desenho de conexões protéticas sobre implantes, microfendas, afrouxamento e, consequentemente, perdas das estruturas protéticas reabilitadoras são tópicos frequentes do estudo odontológico. Conexões do tipo Cone Morse, devido às suas características, diminuíram o índice desses problemas, abrindo uma nova perspectiva para o sucesso da prótese sobre implante. Contudo, ainda é frequente encontrar componentes que falham no desempenho, levando à falência da restauração, especialmente quando esses componentes não são bem ajustados, bem fixados ou, ainda, não possuem, na sua geometria, características suficientes para suportar as forças laterais e oclusais de um ciclo mastigatório. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar a influência do jateamento com óxido de alumínio sobre a superfície externa dos componentes protéticos, separadamente e em conjunto, com um adesivo industrial, em uma tentativa de aumentar os valores de torque de abertura de componentes apertados em seu torque recomendado, pelo fabricante ou menor. Neste ensaio, foram utilizados 36 implantes da marca Straumann®, de 10mm de comprimento com diâmetro de 4,8 mm, os quais foram divididos em 6 grupos: Grupo 1 = controle, torque de 35 N.cm; Grupo 2 = superfície jateada com óxido de alumínio (# 320) e torque de 35 N.cm; Grupo 3 = superfície jateada com óxido de alumínio (# 320) e torque de 25 N.cm; Grupo 4 = superfície jateada com óxido de alumínio (# 100) e torque de 25 N.cm; Grupo 5 = superfície jateada com óxido de alumínio (# 320)...

Condicionamento do esmalte com óxido de alumínio associado ao ácido fosfórico na colagem indireta de braquetes; Enamel conditioning with aluminum oxide associated to phosphoric acid in indirect bonding of brackets

Robles Ruiz, Julissa Janet
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/03/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.65%
O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a resistência de união e a interface de falha da colagem de braquetes colados pela técnica indireta após o condicionamento do esmalte com jato de óxido de alumínio de 27, 50 e 90 m seguido da aplicação de ácido fosfórico a 37%; e avaliar quantitativa e qualitativamente as alterações da superfície do esmalte após os diferentes tipos de condicionamento. A amostra foi constituída por 104 pré-molares superiores. Na primeira parte da pesquisa 80 dentes foram divididos aleatoriamente em 4 grupos (n=20) que receberam diferentes condicionamentos das faces linguais: G1 (controle)- ácido fosfórico a 37%; G2, G3 e G4- jato de óxido de alumínio de 27, 50 e 90 m, respectivamente, antes da aplicação de ácido fosfórico. Braquetes linguais foram colados indiretamente com o mesmo material e metodologia nos 4 grupos. A força máxima de cisalhamento requerida para descolar os braquetes foi determinada por meio de uma máquina de ensaios mecânicos universal, e a interface de falha na colagem, por meio do Índice de Resina Remanescente (ARI). Para a avaliação quantitativa dos efeitos provocados no esmalte pelos diferentes condicionamentos, 20 dentes foram divididos aleatoriamente em 4 grupos...

Produção e caracterização de óxido de alumínio, aluminato de magnésio e filmes finos de óxido de alumínio para aplicações em radioterapia e dosimetria ambiental.; Production and characterization of aluminum oxide, magnesium aluminate and thin films of aluminum oxide for applications in radiotherapy and environmental dosimetry.

Bitencourt, José Francisco Sousa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/09/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.65%
Medidas de Termoluminescência (TL), Luminescência Opticamente Estimulada (LOE), EPR (Ressonância Paramagnética de Elétron) e RL (Radioluminescência) foram obtidas de amostras de óxido de alumínio e óxido de alumínio dopado com magnésio. As amostras foram calcinadas em três diferentes temperaturas (1100, 1350 e 1600°C) para observar a variação do comportamento das propriedades luminescentes. Ao final, constatou-se que a temperatura de calcinação é um parâmetro de grande importância para a produção de materiais dosimétricos, pois a amostra com melhores resultados LOE foi o material sem dopante tratada a 1600°C. Em trabalhos anteriores, a composição de óxido de alumínio dopado com magnésio havia apresentado nanoestruturas de aluminato de magnésio, observadas através de Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão (MET), que influenciaram a sensibilidade do material à radiação. Amostras de aluminato de magnésio puro e dopado com terras raras foram obtidas na forma de pó e calcinadas a 1100, 1350 e 1600°C. Medidas de TL e LOE de amostras irradiadas com fonte de partículas foram analisadas e comparadas com resultados de EPR e Difração de Raios-X (DRX). Como resultado, foi concluído que, nas condições trabalhadas...

Caracterização pelo método de Rietveld do óxido de alumínio recuperado de sensores dosimétricos e estudo de parâmetros envolvidos no processo de recuperação; Characterization of aluminum oxide recovered from dosimetry sensors using the Rietveld method and analysis of the recovering parameters .used in the recovering process

Sanches, Edgar Aparecido
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/08/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.56%
Corundum ou safira (α − Al2O3) é um importante material tecnológico, utilizado em inúmeras aplicações ópticas e eletrônicas e, mais recentemente, como um sensor de radiação para baixas doses e aplicações de curta exposição. Os dosímetros em estudo são provenientes da Landauer Crystal Growth Facility (Stillwater, EUA). Trata-se de fitas multicamadas, onde o material cerâmico Encontra−se aprisionado entre duas camadas de um material polimérico. O processo de recuperação do óxido de alumínio contido nestes sensores, pré − definido, é realizado na empresa SAPRA S⁄A. Este trabalho envolve a caracterização dos materiais que compõem o dosímetro e, principalmente, a caracterização do produto final obtido, verificando se ocorreram mudanças em suas propriedades dosimétricas após passar por todo o processo. Desta maneira, este estudo está voltado para a recuperação do Al2O3 a nível de processo industrial, visando a obtenção de um produto que conserve suas características estruturais e que mantenha suas propriedades dosimétricas; Corundum or sapphire (α − Al2O3) is an important technological material in many optical and electronic applications and, more recently, as a radiation detector. Dosimeters are provided by Landauer Crystal Growth Facility (Stillwater...

Preparação e caracterização de híbridos de celulose do bagaço de cana-de-açúcar e óxido de alumínio hidratado para aplicação em membranas; Preparation and characterization of hybrid from of cellulose sugarcane bagasse and hydrous aluminum oxide to application in membrane

Silva, Luciana Pereira da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/08/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.56%
As atuais condições ambientais tem direcionado o foco de muitas pesquisas para o reaproveitamento de resíduos agroindustriais na obtenção de novos materiais. Entre estes resíduos, destacam-se as fibras naturais, como o bagaço de cana-de-açúcar, principalmente por apresentarem características importantes para as aplicações industriais: de origem renovável, biodegradável e de baixo custo. A celulose extraída de fibras vegetais revela-se como uma alternativa promissora para a produção de materiais híbridos orgânico-inorgânicos com propriedades multifuncionais e amplas aplicações. Este trabalho busca primeiramente à obtenção de híbridos celulose/óxido de alumínio hidratado a partir do tratamento e modificação da celulose extraída do bagaço de cana-de-açúcar e sua posterior aplicação na produção de membranas. As fibras de celulose foram tratadas com clorito de sódio em meio ácido e com a mistura de ácidos nítrico e acético, com objetivo de verificar a influência do tratamento químico da celulose nas propriedades térmicas dos híbridos formados. O Al2O3.nH2O foi preparado pelo método da precipitação convencional partindo-se do alumínio metálico. As celuloses tratadas e o Al2O3.nH2O foram caracterizados por DRX...

Shear bond strength of resin cement bonded to alumina ceramic after treatment by aluminum oxide sandblasting or silica coating

Passos, Sheila Pestana; Valandro, Luiz Felipe; Bottino, Marco Antonio; Santos, Maria Jacinta Moraes Coelho; Santos Jr., Gildo Coelho
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 561-565
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.49%
Purpose: To evaluate the shear bond strength and bond durability between a dual-cured resin cement (RC) and a high alumina ceramic (In-Ceram Alumina), subjected to two surface treatments. Materials and Methods: Forty disc-shaped specimens (sp) (4-mm diameter, 5-mm thick) were fabricated from In-Ceram Alumina and divided into two groups (n = 20) in accordance with surface treatment: (1) sandblasting by aluminum oxide particles (50 μm Al 2O 3) (SB) and (2) silica coating (30 μm SiO x) using the CoJet system (SC). After the 40 sp were bonded to the dual-cured RC, they were stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 hours. After this period, the sp from each group were divided into two conditions of storage (n = 10): (a) 24 h-shear bond test 24 hours after cementation; (b) Aging-thermocycling (TC) (12,000 times, 5 to 55°C) and water storage (150 days). The shear test was performed in a universal test machine (1 mm/min). Results: ANOVA and Tukey (5%) tests noted no statistically significant difference in the bond strength values between the two surface treatments (p= 0.7897). The bond strengths (MPa) for both surface treatments reduced significantly after aging (SB-24: 8.2 ± 4.6; SB-Aging: 3.7 ± 2.5; SC-24: 8.6 ± 2.2; SC-Aging: 3.5 ± 3.1). Conclusion: Surface conditioning using airborne particle abrasion with either 50 μm alumina or 30 μm silica particles exhibited similar bond strength values and decreased after long-term TC and water storage for both methods. © 2011 by The American College of Prosthodontists.

Preparation of films from aluminum acetylacetonate by plasma sputtering

Nielsen, Guilherme F.; Silva, Luiz H. F.; Cruz, Nilson C.; Rangel, Elidiane C.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1113-1118
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.5%
Aluminum acetylacetonate has been reported as a precursor for the deposition of alumina films using different approaches. In this work, alumina-containing films were prepared by plasma sputtering this compound, spread directly on the powered lowermost electrode of a reactor, while grounding the substrates mounted on the topmost electrode. Radiofrequency power (13.56 MHz) was used to excite the plasma from argon atmosphere at a working pressure of 11 Pa. The effect of the plasma excitation power on the properties of the resulting films was studied. Film thickness and hardness were measured by profilometry and nanoindentation, respectively. The molecular structure and chemical composition of the layers were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy. Surface micrographs, obtained by scanning electron microscopy, allowed the determination of the sample morphology. Grazing incidence X-ray diffraction was employed to determine the structure of the films. Amorphous organic layers were deposited with thicknesses of up to 7 μm and hardness of around 1.0 GPa. The films were composed by aluminum, carbon, oxygen and hydrogen, their proportions being strongly dependent on the power used to excite the plasma. A uniform surface was obtained for low-power depositions...

Surface roughness analysis of dental ceramics treated with hydrofl uoric acid and aluminum oxide jet

Porto, Thiago Soares; Tonetto, Mateus Rodrigues; Lorenzetti, Camila Cruz; Bandéca, Matheus Coelho; Borges, Alvaro Henrique; Porto Neto, Sizenando de Toledo; Campos, Edson Alves de; Dinelli, Wellington
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1-5
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.49%
The aim of this study was to evaluate the surface roughness of 5 indirect restorative materials treated with hydrofluoric acid to 10%, with aluminum oxide jet and a combination of both. The specimens was prepared with 10 mm in diameter and 2 mm thickness, divided into fi ve groups: (1) Ceromer (CeseadII-Kuraray), (2) Leucite crystals ceramics (IPS EmpressIIIvoclarforcasket), (3) glass ceramic with fluorapatite (IPS D. Sign-Ivoclar), (4) lithium disilicate ceramic (IPS Empress II-Ivoclar restorations), (5) ceramics (Cergogold-Degussa). For all groups were performed the controls, and the surfaces with the 3 types of treatment. For testing roughness used the rugosimeter Taylor/Hobson-Precision, model form tracerSV-C525 high sensitivity. After confi rmation of variance analysis with a signifi cance level of 1% (p < 0.01), there was equality between the average roughness of materials from groups 1, 3 and 5, and the group 2 was different from the others. It was also found that the ceramics of the group 5 behaved similar to group 4. However the lowest average roughness was observed in group 2 ceramic. In the evaluation between the types of treatment, the aluminum oxide jet and associations and blasting with hydrofl uoric acid were similar...

Partition of copper between dissolved and particulate phases using aluminum oxide as an aquatic model phase: effects of pH, solids and organic matter

Grassi,Marco T.; Shi,Bo; Allen,Herbert E.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.56%
The sorption of copper ions from aqueous solutions onto modified aluminum oxide was investigated as a function of pH, solids concentration and both particulate and dissolved organic matter. The aluminum oxide studied was modified by adsorption of humic acid. The pH value, organic matter content, and solids concentration dominated copper adsorption onto modified aluminum oxide. The adsorption of copper increased with increasing pH. An increase in particulate organic carbon resulted in an enhanced copper uptake. The partition coefficient (Kd) of copper decreased as the solids concentration increased. Copper partitioning was maximal in the neutral pH range and decreased at either low or high pH values. There was also a decrease in copper adsorption with increasing dissolved organic matter concentration.

Dental enamel: qualitative evaluation of the surface after application of aluminum oxide (microetching) using the scanning electron microscope

SILVA,Paulo César Gomes; GONÇALVES,Mariane; NONAKA,Tomio; VINHA,Dionísio
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica e Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica e Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.49%
Dentistry nowadays can count on a wide range of resources to treat patients. With the development of adhesive materials and several newly introduced restorative techniques, the dental structure can be subjected to different sorts of surface treatment. The use of aluminum oxide flow at high speed to remove dental structure was described by Black in 1945, however, the literature regarding the use of aluminum oxide jet is still scarce, as far as the alterations occurring in the dental structure are concerned. At the present, with the development of new abrasive air equipment, microabrasion has been added to several adhesive restorative techniques, in the preparation of the dental surface and of inner surfaces of indirect restorations, which will receive the application of adhesive materials. The aim of this study was to assess the alterations produced by abrasive air applied on the dental enamel by means of electronic microscopy, taking into consideration micromorphological surface alterations. The importance of this study is based on the fact that alternative surface treatments both chemical and mechanical could be introduced in surface priming, including dental enamel priming.

Development of Pinhole-Free Amorphous Aluminum Oxide Protective Layers for Biomedical Device Applications

Litvinov, Julia; Wang, Yi-Ju; George, Jinnie; Chinwangso, Pawilai; Brankovic, Stanko; Willson, Richard C.; Litvinov, Dmitri
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.59%
This paper describes synthesis of ultrathin pinhole-free insulating aluminum oxide layers for electronic device protection in corrosive liquid environments, such as phosphate buffered saline (PBS) or clinical fluids, to enable emerging biomedical applications such as biomolecular sensors. A pinhole-free 25-nm thick amorphous aluminum oxide layer has been achieved using ultra-high vacuum DC magnetron reactive sputtering of aluminum in oxygen/argon plasma followed by oxygen plasma post-processing. Deposition parameters were optimized to achieve the best corrosion protection of lithographically defined device structures. Electrochemical deposition of copper through the aluminum oxide layers was used to detect the presence (or absence) of pinholes. FTIR, XPS, and spectroscopic ellipsometry were used to characterize the material properties of the protective layers. Electrical resistance of the copper device structures protected by the aluminum oxide layers and exposed to a PBS solution was used as a metric to evaluate the long-term stability of these device structures.

Cytotoxicity of cultured macrophages exposed to antimicrobial zinc oxide (ZnO) coatings on nanoporous aluminum oxide membranes

Petrochenko, Peter E.; Skoog, Shelby A.; Zhang, Qin; Comstock, David J.; Elam, Jeffrey W.; Goering, Peter L.; Narayan, Roger J.
Fonte: Landes Bioscience Publicador: Landes Bioscience
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.6%
Zinc oxide (ZnO) is a widely used commercial material that is finding use in wound healing applications due to its antimicrobial properties. Our study demonstrates a novel approach for coating ZnO with precise thickness control onto 20 nm and 100 nm pore diameter anodized aluminum oxide using atomic layer deposition (ALD). ZnO was deposited throughout the nanoporous structure of the anodized aluminum oxide membranes. An 8 nm-thick coating of ZnO, previously noted to have antimicrobial properties, was cytotoxic to cultured macrophages. After 48 h, ZnO-coated 20 nm and 100 nm pore anodized aluminum oxide significantly decreased cell viability by ≈65% and 54%, respectively, compared with cells grown on uncoated anodized aluminum oxide membranes and cells grown on tissue culture plates. Pore diameter (20–200 nm) did not influence cell viability.

Comprehensive Process Maps for Synthesizing High Density Aluminum Oxide-Carbon Nanotube Coatings by Plasma Spraying for Improved Mechanical and Wear Properties

Keshri, Anup K
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
Plasma sprayed aluminum oxide ceramic coating is widely used due to its outstanding wear, corrosion, and thermal shock resistance. But porosity is the integral feature in the plasma sprayed coating which exponentially degrades its properties. In this study, process maps were developed to obtain Al2O3-CNT composite coatings with the highest density (i.e. lowest porosity) and improved mechanical and wear properties. Process map is defined as a set of relationships that correlates large number of plasma processing parameters to the coating properties. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were added as reinforcement to Al2O3 coating to improve the fracture toughness and wear resistance. Two novel powder processing approaches viz spray drying and chemical vapor growth were adopted to disperse CNTs in Al2O3 powder. The degree of CNT dispersion via chemical vapor deposition (CVD) was superior to spray drying but CVD could not synthesize powder in large amount. Hence optimization of plasma processing parameters and process map development was limited to spray dried Al2O3 powder containing 0, 4 and 8 wt. % CNTs. An empirical model using Pareto diagram was developed to link plasma processing parameters with the porosity of coating. Splat morphology as a function of plasma processing parameter was also studied to understand its effect on mechanical properties. Addition of a mere 1.5 wt. % CNTs via CVD technique showed ~27% and ~24% increase in the elastic modulus and fracture toughness respectively. Improved toughness was attributed to combined effect of lower porosity and uniform dispersion of CNTs which promoted the toughening by CNT bridging...

Burning characteristics of individual aluminum/aluminum oxide particles

Ruttenberg, Eric C.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.64%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; An experimental investigation was conducted in which the burning characteristics of individual aluminum/aluminum oxide particles were measured using a windowed combustion bomb at atmospheric pressure and under gravity-fall conditions. A scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to measure the size distribution of the initial aluminum particles and the aluminum oxide residue. Analysis of the residue indicated that the mass of aluminum oxide contained in particles larger than 12 microns was less than 25 percent, in good agreement with data reported from aluminized solid propellant. The measured particle size distributions and photomicrographs implied that the burning aluminum particles periodically expel aluminum oxide fragments with sizes between 14 and 36 microns.

Characterization of aluminum hydroxide (Al(OH)(3)) for use as a porogenic agent in castable ceramics

Souza, Adriane D. V.; Arruda, Cezar C.; Fernandes, Leandro; Antunes, Maria L. P.; Kiyohara, Pedro K.; Salomao, Rafael
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 803-812
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.48%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Processo FAPESP: 2010/19274-5; Porous structures based on aluminum oxide-hydroxide (Al2O3-Al(OH)(3)) show high refractoriness. Regarding their use as thermal insulators, the preparation of aqueous castable suspensions requires suitable conditions to produce stable co-dispersions and a deeper knowledge on their porogenic-sintering behaviors. This study reports on the characterization of a commercial grade of Al(OH)(3) and several transition phases of Al2O3 (attained through the calcination of Al(OH)3) aiming at their use as porogenic agents for castable porous ceramics. X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetry, Helium picnometer method, specific surface area and electron microscopy were used. The dispersion and rheology of Al(OH)(3) and Al2O3 were investigated with pH variations and dispersants. Aluminum oxide and hydroxide particles showed high compatibility in aqueous medium and favored the preparation of suspensions. As porogenic agents, the transition phases showed a large quantity of meso-macro pores and a huge variation in the specific surface area, which highlight their potential to produce high refractoriness porous structures. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Polarization properties of real aluminum mirrors; I. Influence of the aluminum oxide layer

van Harten, G.; Snik, F.; Keller, C. U.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 16/03/2009
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.6%
In polarimetry it is important to characterize the polarization properties of the instrument itself to disentangle real astrophysical signals from instrumental effects. This article deals with the accurate measurement and modeling of the polarization properties of real aluminum mirrors, as used in astronomical telescopes. Main goals are the characterization of the aluminum oxide layer thickness at different times after evaporation and its influence on the polarization properties of the mirror. The full polarization properties of an aluminum mirror are measured with Mueller matrix ellipsometry at different incidence angles and wavelengths. The best fit of theoretical Mueller matrices to all measurements simultaneously is obtained by taking into account a model of bulk aluminum with a thin aluminum oxide film on top of it. Full Mueller matrix measurements of a mirror are obtained with an absolute accuracy of ~1% after calibration. The determined layer thicknesses indicate logarithmic growth in the first few hours after evaporation, but it remains stable at a value of 4.12+/-0.08 nm on the long term. Although the aluminum oxide layer is established to be thin, it is necessary to consider it to accurately describe the mirror's polarization properties.; Comment: accepted for publication in PASP

Comparative study of the growth of sputtered aluminum oxide films on organic and inorganic substrates

Sellner, Stefan; Gerlach, Alexander; Kowarik, Stefan; Schreiber, Frank; Dosch, Helmut; Meyer, Stephan; Pflaum, Jens; Ulbricht, Gerhard
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/11/2007
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.66%
We present a comparative study of the growth of the technologically highly relevant gate dielectric and encapsulation material aluminum oxide in inorganic and also organic heterostructures. Atomic force microscopy studies indicate strong similarities in the surface morphology of aluminum oxide films grown on these chemically different substrates. In addition, from X-ray reflectivity measurements we extract the roughness exponent \beta of aluminum oxide growth on both substrates. By renormalising the aluminum oxide roughness by the roughness of the underlying organic film we find good agreement with \beta as obtained from the aluminum oxide on silicon oxide (\beta = 0.38 \pm 0.02), suggesting a remarkable similarity of the aluminum oxide growth on the two substrates under the conditions employed.

Esmalte dental: avaliação qualitativa da superfície tratada com jato de óxido de alumínio ("microetching") por meio de microscopia eletrônica de varredura; Dental enamel: qualitative evaluation of the surface after application of aluminum oxide (microetching) using the scanning electron microscope

SILVA, Paulo César Gomes; GONÇALVES, Mariane; NONAKA, Tomio; VINHA, Dionísio
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2000 ENG
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Dentistry nowadays can count on a wide range of resources to treat patients. With the development of adhesive materials and several newly introduced restorative techniques, the dental structure can be subjected to different sorts of surface treatment. The use of aluminum oxide flow at high speed to remove dental structure was described by Black in 1945, however, the literature regarding the use of aluminum oxide jet is still scarce, as far as the alterations occurring in the dental structure are concerned. At the present, with the development of new abrasive air equipment, microabrasion has been added to several adhesive restorative techniques, in the preparation of the dental surface and of inner surfaces of indirect restorations, which will receive the application of adhesive materials. The aim of this study was to assess the alterations produced by abrasive air applied on the dental enamel by means of electronic microscopy, taking into consideration micromorphological surface alterations. The importance of this study is based on the fact that alternative surface treatments both chemical and mechanical could be introduced in surface priming, including dental enamel priming.; A Odontologia de nossos tempos conta com inúmeros recursos para o tratamento de pacientes. Com o desenvolvimento dos materiais adesivos e a introdução de novas técnicas restauradoras...

; Evaluation in vitro of the shear bond strenght of aluminun oxide recycled brackets

Tavares, Stenyo Wanderley; Consani, Simonides; Nouer, Darcy Flávio; Magnani, Maria Beatriz Borges Araújo; Pereira Neto, João Sarmento; Romano, Fábio Lourenço
Fonte: UNICAMP/FOP Publicador: UNICAMP/FOP
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ;
Publicado em 12/11/2015 ENG
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; The aim of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength of recycled brackets with 90 and 50 µm aluminum oxide blasting. It was used 30 human bicuspids, whom it was accomplished brackets bonding with composite resin chemically activated. The teeth were separated in 3 groups (n = 10). In group I (Control) brackets bonded after enamel acid etching. In groups II and III brackets were rebonded after recycling, respectively, by 90 and 50 µm aluminum oxide blaster. Shear bond test was made in the Instron machine, with 0,5 mm/ minute speed and the results were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey’s test (5%). The results showed no significant statistical difference between recycled brackets by aluminum oxide and control group. Recycled brackets by 90 and 50 µm aluminum oxide showed no significant statistical difference.