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Engagement of Temporal Lobe Regions Predicts Response to Educational Interventions in Adolescent Struggling Readers

Rezaie, Roozbeh; Simos, Panagiotis G.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Cirino, Paul T.; Vaughn, Sharon; Papanicolaou, Andrew C.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.35%
Brain activation profiles obtained using magnetoencephalography were compared between middle-school students experiencing reading difficulties and non-reading-impaired students during performance of a continuous printed word recognition task. Struggling readers underwent small–group remedial instruction, and students who showed significant gains in word reading efficiency at a one-year follow-up assessment were classified as Adequate Responders whereas those not demonstrating such gains as Inadequate Responders. At baseline, compared to Inadequate Responders, the activation profiles of Adequate Responders featured increased activity in the left middle, superior temporal, and ventral occipitotemporal regions, as well as in the right mesial temporal cortex. The degree of activity in these regions was a significant predictor of improvement in word reading efficiency beyond the prediction afforded by baseline reading accuracy or fluency measures. The engagement of brain areas that typically serve as key components of the brain circuit for reading may be an important factor in predicting response to intervention in older students who experience reading difficulties.

The Relationship Between a Silent Reading Fluency Instructional Protocol on Students’ Reading Comprehension and Achievement in an Urban School Setting

Rasinski, Timothy; Samuels, S. Jay; Hiebert, Elfrieda; Petscher, Yaacov; Feller, Karen
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.06%
Reading fluency has been identified as a key component in effective literacy instruction (National Reading Panel, 2000). Instruction in reading fluency has been shown to lead to improvements in reading achievement. Reading fluency instruction is most commonly associated with guided repeated oral reading instruction. In the present retrospective study we examine the effects of a computer-based silent reading fluency instructional system called Reading Plus (Taylor Associates, Winooski, Vermont, USA) on the reading comprehension and overall reading achievement of a large corpus of students in an urban school setting. Findings indicate that the program resulted in positive, substantial, and significant improvements in reading comprehension and overall reading achievement on a criterion referenced reading test for Grades 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 and on a norm-referenced test of reading achievement for Grades 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 10. Moreover, mean gains made by students in the Reading Plus intervention were greater than mean gains for all students at the state and district level. The findings were generally positive for all subpopulations studied, including special education and regular education students. Qualitative reports from teachers who participated in the study were also supportive of the program. Implications for the study are explored for particular subgroups of students and for the role of fluency instruction with struggling adolescent readers.

The Relationship of Culturally Responsive Instruction and the Reading Comprehension and Attitude of Struggling Urban Adolescent Readers

Olukolu, Rona M
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.53%
Culturally responsive instruction refers to the identification of relevant cultural aspects of students’ lives and infusion of these into the curriculum. This instructional approach assumes that a culturally appropriate curriculum can potentially motivate, engage, and lead students to higher rates of achievement. This quasi-experimental study (N=44) investigated the relationship of culturally responsive instruction and the reading comprehension and attitude of struggling urban adolescent readers. The study incorporated the use of culturally responsive instruction using culturally relevant literature (CRL), the Bluford Series Novels, as authentic texts of instruction. Participants were seventh grade reading students at a Title I middle school in South Florida. After a baseline period, two different classes were taught for 8 weeks using different methods. One class formed the experimental group (n=22) and the other class formed the comparison group (n=22). The CRI curriculum for the experimental group embraced the socio-cultural perspective through the use of small discussion groups in which students read and constructed meaning with peers through interaction with the Bluford Series Novels; gave written responses to multiple strategies according to SCRAP – Summarize...

The relationship of culturally responsive instruction and the reading comprehension and attitude of struggling urban adolescent readers

Olukolu, Rona Moore
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.46%
Culturally responsive instruction refers to the identification of relevant cultural aspects of students' lives and infusion of these into the curriculum. This instructional approach assumes that a culturally appropriate curriculum can potentially motivate, engage, and lead students to higher rates of achievement. ^ This quasi-experimental study (N=44) investigated the relationship of culturally responsive instruction and the reading comprehension and attitude of struggling urban adolescent readers. The study incorporated the use of culturally responsive instruction using culturally relevant literature (CRL), the Bluford Series Novels, as authentic texts of instruction. Participants were seventh grade reading students at a Title I middle school in South Florida. ^ After a baseline period, two different classes were taught for 8 weeks using different methods. One class formed the experimental group ( n=22) and the other class formed the comparison group (n =22). The CRI curriculum for the experimental group embraced the socio-cultural perspective through the use of small discussion groups in which students read and constructed meaning with peers through interaction with the Bluford Series Novels; gave written responses to multiple strategies according to SCRAP - Summarize...

READ180 Intervention for Struggling Adolescent Readers

Ferguson, Priscila
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.67%
Call for Posters, Action Research on READ180 program for Struggling Adolescent Readers

Adolescent literacy: Reading to learn

Grusenmeyer, Linda
Fonte: Universidade de Delaware Publicador: Universidade de Delaware
Tipo: Outros
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.23%
May 2006; This policy brief addresses growing evidence for a need to provide reading instruction to students beyond elementary school years. Adolescent literacy practices are not only helpful to struggling readers, but they also teach average students how to develop skill in understanding printed texts as their course requirements grow in difficulty. One method that is discussed, Reading Apprenticeship, involves content and subject area teachers modeling and coaching students in the types of reading used in their specific fields.