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An investigation of the factors that promote and hinder the use of ICT in an Irish adult education and training centre

Irwin, Joanne
Fonte: University of Limerick, Department of Education and Professional Studies Publicador: University of Limerick, Department of Education and Professional Studies
Tipo: Master thesis (Taught); ul_theses_dissertations; none
Relevância na Pesquisa
95.56%
non-peer-reviewed; Due to the widespread use of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) within all aspects of today’s society, ICT use within all education sectors, including adult education must be encouraged in order to fully prepare learners for employment. This case study examines factors that facilitate and impede the use of ICT within education and identifies factors that are specific to adult education. This study primarily investigates the role of ICT within two adult education programmes, namely the Vocational Training Opportunities Scheme (VTOS) and the Back to Education Initiative (BTEI) within an Adult Education and Training Centre (AETC) in Ireland. Primary research involved observing the eight teachers in the AETC to identify if and how they use ICT within their specific subject area. In addition, questionnaires were disseminated to these teachers and to a random sample of 30 learners, 15 learners from each programme. Alongside this, a semi-structured interview was carried out with the co-ordinators from both of the aforementioned programmes. This study identified a disparity in ICT use across these specific adult education programmes. VTOS teachers and learners have increased ICT funding resulting in increased availability and accessibility of ICT resources. Consequently...

Changing the Trajectory : Education and Training for Youth in Democratic Republic of Congo

Bashir, Sajitha
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.72%
This report, Changing the Trajectory: education and training for young people in the Democratic Republic of Congo, provides an analysis of the current educational attainment and current school enrollment of youth in the 12 to 24 years age group and the educational opportunities and training available to them in the formal and informal sectors. Using the results of a simulation model that incorporates enrollment in alternative education programs and the educational level attained by out-of-school population, the report explains the various scenarios for the development of the post-primary sector. The results of each scenario are evaluated according to their impact on the human capital accumulation of young people and sustainability of public expenditures. The report offers various options for rapidly raising the educational achievements of young people who will enter the labor market in the next two decades, including expanding opportunities for alternative education and training for school children, extension of the primary cycle and the reorganization of secondary education and technical/vocational education to reduce early specialization. This study is of interest to other African countries...

Strengthening the Foundation of Education and Training in Kenya : Opportunities and Challenges in Primary and General Secondary Education

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.61%
The new Government has instituted immediate policy changes in the education sector to jump-start the system. Under the Free Primary Education (FPE) policy started this year, school fees and levies are abolished at primary level, thereby greatly relieving the household burden of financing primary education. Households immediately responded. Including both public and non-public schools, the primary education gross enrollment rate jumped to over 100 percent, with close to 1 million enrollment increase from the previous year. Enrollment in primary schools has reached 7.2 million this year from 6.3 million in 2002. Quality improvement measures have also taken place at this level, with nationwide provision of funding directly to primary schools through a capitation grant of 1,020 Kenyan Shillings per pupil to finance the purchase of textbooks and other teaching and learning materials, as well as to support other school operation activities. The expansion of school enrollment and the improvement of education quality at primary level will continue during the subsequent years. The development at this level has increased pressure on as well as provided opportunities to the other subsectors. A wider sector reform agenda needs to be put in place immediately. The Kenya National Education Conference held in November 2003 provided an opportunity for the discussions of a sector strategic plan with all the stakeholders. A sector-wide program with wider coverage will be developed based on the sector strategic plan. This sector review has emphasized the primary and secondary subsectors...

Skill Development in India : The Vocational Education and Training System

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.72%
This paper stresses that despite the fact that India is a fast developing economy difficulties have led the Government to conclude that far more needs to be done to engender more employment opportunities for the majority of Indians, to enable them to participate in the benefits of growth and to contribute to that growth. To do this they must have education and training that equips them for the labor market. One of the sources of the skilled workforce is the vocational education and training system. However, the government realizes that the system is not being able to appropriately respond to the needs of the labor market. A key issue, then, is what reforms/interventions are needed to improve the effectiveness of the system. Answering that question is far from easy and this paper attempts to provide some options for doing so. On the one hand India faces the future with its changing realities; on the other hand it must deal with the nature of its established traditions and structures. This paper has laid out some key reforms that must be undertaken in different areas to make the vocational education and vocational training systems more responsive to the needs of the labor market. The reform agenda is fairly comprehensive and all the reforms cannot be implemented immediately. Given this...

The Knowledge Economy and Education and Training in South Asia

Riboud, Michelle; Savchenko, Yevgeniya; Tan, Hong
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
95.67%
How education and training systems respond to the sweeping changes brought about by globalization and the knowledge economy can have far-reaching implications for developing countries in terms of sustainability of growth, competitiveness, job creation, and poverty reduction. This issue is especially pertinent to the countries of South Asia, which are currently growing at a rapid pace and are gradually becoming more integrated into the world economy. This regional study is a first attempt to address these questions. Its main objective is to document and compare trends in education and training in the countries of South Asia, as well as the associated changes in earnings and employment. It draws upon household, labor force, and firm-level surveys from 1990 to the most recent year available. The analysis focuses on Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (countries with well-developed surveys), with some references to Bhutan, the Maldives, and Nepal, along with comparisons with countries in East Asia and with other regions.

Women Managers and the Gender-Based Gap in Access to Education

Amin, Mohammad; Islam, Asif
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
95.69%
Several studies explore the differences in men’s and women’s labor market participation rates and wages. Some of these differences have been linked to gender disparities in education attainment and access. The present paper contributes to this literature by analyzing the relationship between the proclivity of a firm to have a female top manager and access to education among women relative to men in the country. The paper combines the literature on women’s careers in management, which has mostly focused on developed countries, with the development literature that has emphasized the importance of access to education. Using firm-level data for 73 developing countries, the analysis finds strong evidence that countries with a higher proportion of female top managers also have higher enrollment rates for women relative to men in primary, secondary, and tertiary education.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

World Bank; Agency for Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina; FBiH Institute for Statistics; RS Institute for Statistics
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.59%
This assessment presents a broad picture of the main gender disparities in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) in endowments, economic opportunities, and agency. The report builds on the framework of the 2012 World Bank World Development Report 2012 on gender and development and the World Bank’s regional gender report on Europe and Central Asia: opportunities for men and women, that focuses on the household and individual members’ bargaining power and their ability to access (i) endowments, education, health and physical assets, (ii) economic opportunities, labor market, employment, entrepreneurship, and (iii) agency, political participation and voice, gender-based violence, and the legal framework. The remainder of the report is organized as follows. The next subsections provide general patterns of gender gaps across socio-demographic groups. Chapter one discusses ‘agency’ and describes factors which may shape the process how men and women use their endowments and utilize economic opportunities to achieve desired outcomes. Chapter two...

The Outlook for Indonesia's Development Project of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET)

Morton, Ashleigh
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.57%
The Indonesian government is largely concerned that there are too many graduates leaving secondary school without the skills necessary to ensure their economic welfare, and to contribute to national economic and industrial development. Furthermore, the Indonesian youth unemployment and underemployment rates are high and rising. The Indonesian community has a great number of students who, despite their qualifications, find it very difficult to find employment. Because of this, the Indonesian government decided to develop technical and vocational education and training (TVET) secondary schools, also known as SMKs, as the Indonesian government believed that the vocational nature of the TVET curriculum better enabled students to master a number of specific job-related knowledge and skills needed for employment, and therefore it would be easier for them to find employment. However, since the initiation of the Indonesian government's development plan for SMKs, there has been a prolific debate about whether the Indonesian government should have pushed funding into SMKs, and whether the development projects will succeed. There are several factors, which support the Indonesian government's decision. Firstly, the youth unemployment rate of lndonesia was very high and it was understood that SMK graduates found employment more easily than those from general secondary schools (SMAs). Secondly...

Putting Gender on the Agenda: Engaging Women in Development in Burma

Thwaites, Alice
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
105.57%
Gender equality has become a key development objective over recent decades, and in Burma the discussion around gender equality is quickly developing. Burma is one of the poorest countries in the world, suffering from decades of military rule, ethnic conflict and economic stagnation. Women in Burma are in a particularly difficult situation, where they are often the poorest of the poor, but where they don't have the leadership and decision-making opportunities to do anything about it. Indeed gender norms in Burma dictate that women are inferior and that they are unable to participate fully in public life. Whilst the Burmese government is signatory to such international agreements as the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women, the Beijing Platform for Action, and the Millennium Development goals, they are still sidelining issues of gender equality and the military governance structure excludes women from many roles in governance and public life. However the situation in Burma is slowly beginning to change, particularly since the 2010 election, which went some way to separating military and government. There are now a number of women in parliament, including democracy advocate Aung San Suu Kyi, who was previously imprisoned by the government due to her beliefs. The first female cabinet minister in 60 years has recently been appointed and there are a number of female deputy ministers...

School Based Management in Lao P.D.R. : Crrent Conditions and Recommendations for the Future

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.66%
Despite sustained economic growth since the mid-1980s, Lao PDR's education system faces challenges in meeting its goals of providing all students with access to education and improving learning outcomes. To further the country's economic development, the Government of Lao PDR has placed a priority on improving its education sector. However, as of 2012, Lao PDR was not on track to achieve its Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of universal primary education. There are concerns about education quality as well, particularly whether students are completing primary school with sufficient mathematics and literacy skills. To help address these challenges, the government instituted in 2011 a School Block Grant (SBG) program that gives provinces, districts and schools greater administrative control than they have ever had. This report presents a framework that explains how SBGs can improve education quality. The framework draws lessons from international experience that may be particularly useful for the government...

Technical Vocational Education and Training in Xinjiang

Xiao, Liping; Song, Jin
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.65%
This report documents progress, analyzes strengths and weaknesses of the Xinjiang Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system, and proposes recommendations that can be used to enrich policy dialogue and open opportunities for future cooperation between Xinjiang and the World Bank. The World Bank team discussed and agreed with the foreign capital project management office of the Xinjiang education department, the main counterpart for this study, on the selection criteria for the Principal Investigator (PI) responsible for data collection and the desk review of available documentation and interviews with key informants, including officials from related departments and representatives of training institutes and enterprises. This report is composed of three sections. The first section provides a brief overview and analysis of the Xinjiang setting, including economic trends, status of the workforce and TVET system. This is followed by a summary of the Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER)-Workforce Development (WfD) results including three dimensions...

Cape Verde : Improving Education and Training; Cap Vert : Amelioration de l'education et de la formation

Mohan, P.C.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.6%
This Credit equivalent of US $6 million was intended to develop, through the Education and Training Consolidation and Modernization project (ETCMP ) - 1999-2003 - a technically and financially sustainable education and training system to ensure an educated and flexible work force capable of responding to the country's social and economic goals. The project was a follow-up to the previous IDA-funded Basic Education and Training project.

Eritrea : Education and Training Sector Note

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
95.68%
This sector note aims to assist the Government, and the Ministry of Education in developing a joint strategy, and action plan for the education, and training sector, and to improve coordination of donor inputs related to this strategy. The note provides an analysis of major issues, achievements, and bottlenecks in the current system, and an overview of key priorities, and recommendations for actions to improve the performance of the sector. As well, it provides a background document for discussions with other education stakeholders, and international donors. Within the country's socioeconomic context, the note reviews the priority challenges the country faces, namely to improve access to, and equity, and quality of education. School mapping will be needed to establish the provision of educational services, as well as a strategy document for providing services to the nomadic population, to raise the net enrollment ratio. The causes, and effects of repetition, and drop-outs should be further analyzed, which includes teacher skills...

Developing Skills for Economic Transformation and Social Harmony : Yunnan Province

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.69%
China has achieved impressive growth over the last three decades and has now become the second-largest economy in the world. To sustain its growth, China is transitioning from an investment-led, high-carbon growth model to a consumption-led, green growth model, less reliant on low-cost manufacturing and more on technology and innovation. Skills development has been a key factor enabling China's unprecedented growth, and will continue to play a vital role in sustaining its ongoing economic transformation and pursuit of a harmonious society. The study is aimed at facilitating policy development leading to a demand-driven, high-quality, and equitable education and training system conducive to lifelong learning. The experience of Yunnan also sheds light on skills development in China, as the analysis in this report situates Yunnan in the broader national context. The intended audience includes policymakers in the Ministries of education, human resources and social security, agriculture, and finance, and the poverty alleviation office and national development and reform commission. The report would also be of interest to researchers and development workers interested in understanding skills development in China. This report consists of three parts. The first part...

Post-Basic Education and Training in Rwanda : Skills Development for Dynamic Economic Growth

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.73%
Improved access to and quality of upper secondary schools, teacher training colleges, Higher Learning Institutions (HLIs), and demand-driven Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) courses to supply the demand for the higher-level skills and competencies relevant to labor market needs remains a central priority for the ministry of education in Rwanda. Since the original analysis and drafting of this report took place there have been a number of changes within the Post Basic Education and Training (PBET) sector and progress has been made on various areas of policy implementation discussed in the report. Most significantly, the government of Rwanda announced in 2010 that all students will be entitled to access fee-free education until the end of upper secondary school (or equivalent). This policy move addresses some of the concerns raised in the report to ensure that increasing numbers of basic education graduates can move on to PBET. This report provides a description of key aspects of the education sector as a whole with particular emphasis on quality improvement in basic education. The present report takes the perspective that Rwanda's PBET system is the country's principle mechanism for generating the skilled labor force needed to become a middle-income...

Boys at Risk : A Gender Issue in the Caribbean Requiring a Multi-Faceted and Cross-Sectoral Approach

Orlando, María Beatriz; Lundwall, Jonna
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.62%
The Latin American and Caribbean region has made significant progress in some basic indicators of gender equality (access to education and health services and female labor force participation) and lags behind in others. However, a second generation of emerging issues suggests that, although women continue to be disadvantaged in a number of indicators, boys' underachievement in education and their participation as perpetrators and victims of violent crime require a new gender paradigm that includes male issues. Despite the traditional focus on female-related indicators, there is a clear gender dimension to the problems of at-risk youth, since young boys and girls engage in different kinds of risky behaviors and in different ways. Boys and girls also tend to engage differently with schools, communities, and the labor market. This implies that programs and policies need to be designed and implemented with different approaches and tools to benefit and to reach effectively both girls and boys.

The Challenge of Expanding Secondary Education and Training in Madagascar; Le defis de l'expansion de l'enseignement secondaire et de la formation a Madagascar

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
95.73%
Madagascar is making significant progress in achieving its Education for All Initiative (EFA) goals of providing universal primary education. It has recently decided to initiate far-reaching reforms in its primary and secondary education cycles. Good quality primary graduates are necessary for entry into the secondary education cycles in Madagascar. But equally important is the quality and relevance of what is taught and learned in secondary schools. This is one of the keys for accelerated economic growth and effective social development. International global trends in secondary education provide a useful framework for undertaking the current reform in secondary education. Madagascar's labor market needs more and better secondary graduates with "modern knowledge and better skills" to make its economy competitive and to attract overseas investments in the country. Asia and Latin America have already shown the way. However, to make the expansion of post-primary education services in Madagascar sustainable the system should become much more efficient and produce better results (in terms of quality and quantity). This report is designed to contribute to ongoing education reform discussions by presenting: analysis of the secondary education and training system; challenges and constraints to the expansion of the system; options to expand and improve secondary education based on other country experiences; and possible next steps for identifying the most appropriate course of action. This report aims to encourage discussion among policymakers...

Toward a Better Future : Education and Training for Economic Development in Singapore since 1965; Hacia un futuro mejor : educacion y formacion para el desarrollo economico de Singapur desde 1965

Lee, Sing-Kong; Goh, Chor Boon; Fredriksen, Birger; Tan, Jee Peng
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.64%
The Singapore economy has undergone significant stages of development since the 1960s. It has grown from its traditional role as a regional port and distribution center in the 1960s to an international manufacturing and service center in the 1970s and 1980s, and now into a center of science-based manufacturing and knowledge-intensive technical services. Much has been written to explain this success. Emphasis has been placed on the early adoption of an export-oriented strategy for industrialization, high savings and investment rates, a stable macroeconomic environment, and even socio cultural traits that support successful industrialization. This volume documents a less-explored aspect of Singapore's economic development: it examines the transformation of the education and training system since the country's independence in 1965 and how the process contributed to skills formation and, hence, economic change.

Strategic Reform Road-map for the Technical and Vocational Education and Training Sector in West Bengal

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.73%
This report focuses on one of the key pillars of economic growth - namely, human development, and in particular, on skills development in West Bengal. It examines the current status of skills development, and potential ways forward for making the production of skills in the state more aligned to its economic growth needs. More specifically, the report investigates the characteristics of the technical and vocational education and training system that produces skills, how these skills match up in quantity and quality with what is in demand from employers in the organized and informal sectors, governance and quality assurance systems, emerging partnerships between the government and private providers of skills, and the availability of financial resources for skills development. Based on the findings from primary surveys, secondary data analysis, in-depth consultations with stakeholders, and declared policy priorities, the report provides a strategic framework and a time-based implementation road-map for reforming and reorienting technical and vocational education and training in West Bengal. This task was undertaken at the specific request of the new Government of West Bengal (GOWB) who took office in 2011. The GOWB wanted to know how to improve the quality of vocational and technical education and training in the state...

An Analysis of FEE-HELP in the Vocational Education and Training Sector

Chapman, Bruce; Rodrigues, Mark; Ryan, Christopher
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
95.55%
The public vocational education and training (VET) system is one of the few areas in Australia's tertiary education system where students are required to pay upfront fees without access to loan assistance. These arrangements may lead to sub-optimal educat