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A política externa chinesa e a recepção dos países africanos : o contraste entre Zâmbia e Angola (1989-2009)

Xavier, Nathaly Silva
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.31%
As relações entre a República Popular da China e o Continente Africano datam de meados dos anos 50, tendo como marcos iniciais a Conferência de Bandung e o estabelecimento de relações diplomática com o Egito, em 1955 e 1956, respectivamente. Ao longo dos anos, essa relação foi evidenciada por momentos de avanço e retrocesso. A partir do final da década de 80, contudo, até os dias atuais, é possível perceber uma significativa intensificação das relações entre a China e a África. Partindo-se, primordialmente, dos conceitos de política externa de Christopher Hill e de instituições de Samuel Huntington, objetiva-se analisar a política externa chinesa para a África, visando identificar um padrão de atuação do país em relação ao Continente. A recepção dessa política externa, por parte dos países africanos, será tratada a partir da investigação de dois casos empíricos contrastantes: Angola e Zâmbia. As relações entre China e Angola evoluiriam de um passado tenso para uma aproximação constante, tornado-se esta uma dos principais parceiras chinesas na África. A Zâmbia, por sua vez, apesar de um histórico de grande aliada chinesa, desde o início dos anos 2000, demonstra problemas com a presença chinesa no país. Objetivamos...

Recensão de "Vidas em Jogo : Cestas de Adivinhação e Refugiados Angolanos na Zâmbia"

Palmeirim, Manuela
Fonte: Centro de Estudos de Antropologia Social (ISCTE) Publicador: Centro de Estudos de Antropologia Social (ISCTE)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 POR
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Recensão da obra “SILVA, Sónia – Vidas em jogo : Cestas de Adivinhação e Refugiados Angolanos na Zâmbia ". Lisboa : Imprensa de Ciências Sociais, Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, 2005

Explaining party system institutionalization in Africa : from a broad comparison to a focus on Mozambique and Zambia

Sanches, Edalina Rodrigues, 1980-
Fonte: Universidade de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Tese de doutoramento, Ciência Política (Política Comparada), Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Direito, Faculdade de Letras, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, 2014; The degree of institutionalization has become a paramount criterion to classify Third Wave party systems. Yet, in as much as institutionalization has attracted interest, it has also been surrounded by few conceptual challenges regarding measurement and scope. Moreover, there remain relatively open questions about the sources and mechanisms of varying degrees of party system institutionalization (PSI). This thesis tackles these issues through three questions: “To what extent are party systems in Sub-Saharan Africa institutionalized?” “Why do levels of PSI vary across countries and time?” and “What mechanisms underlie the different patterns of PSI?” These questions are sequentially analyzed through a mixed methods design that unfolds as follows. We start with applying a partly new model of PSI to 19 Sub-Saharan African countries that have held regular and competitive lower house elections up until 2011. This analysis stresses that institutionalization entails a two-fold variance; one in terms of degree and the other in terms of quality. Secondly, we seek to explain PSI variance using an original pooled time-series cross-sectional dataset that assembles a range of independent variables considered relevant by the literature on institutional and party system development. We argue that variance in PSI is influenced by exogenous (social structure...

Pre-amplification methods for tracking low-grade Plasmodium falciparum populations during scaled-up interventions in Southern Zambia

Mharakurwa, Sungano; Daniels, Rachel; Scott, Alan; Wirth, Dyann F; Thuma, Philip; Volkman, Sarah K
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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Background: Malaria is receding in many endemic countries with intervention scale -up against the disease. However, this resilient scourge may persist in low-grade submicroscopic infections among semi-immune members of the population, and be poised for possible resurgence, creating challenges for detection and assessment of intervention impact. Parasite genotyping methods, such as the molecular barcode, can identify specific malaria parasite types being transmitted and allow tracking and evaluation of parasite population structure changes as interventions are applied. This current study demonstrates application of pre-amplification methods for successful detection and genotyping of residual Plasmodium falciparum infections during a dramatic malarial decline. Methods: The study was a prospective cross-sectional design and based on a 2,000 sq km vicinity of Macha Mission Hospital in southern Zambia. Willing and predominantly asymptomatic residents of all ages were screened for malaria by microscopy during the 2005 and 2008 transmission seasons, with simultaneous collection of dried blood spots (DBS) on filter paper, and extraction of Plasmodium falciparum DNA was performed. Plasmodium falciparum infections were genotyped using a 24 SNP-based molecular barcode assay using real-time PCR. Submicroscopic parasitaemia samples were subjected to pre-amplification using TaqMan PreAmp Master Mix following the manufacturer’s instructions before SNP barcode analysis. Results: There was a dramatic decline of malaria between 2005 and 2008...

Economic complexity, regime transition and sectoral forces: the impact of trade unions on democratization in Zimbabwe, South Africa and Zambia

McCorley, Ciara
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
peer-reviewed; This thesis interrogates uncertainty in transitional politics in South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It questions why some countries transition to democracy and some stagnate or revert to authoritarianism. To address the dual nature of political contingency and structural formations in transitional politics, it adopts a conceptual framework based on economic complexity, to ascertain the relationship between economic structures and the results of regime transition. This study engages with the extensive literature linking economic development and democracy throughout the world, to see if it can be applied to the recent and on-going transitional events across Africa. It identified trade union confederations as economically important actors whose political contingency was directly affected by the sectoral composition of each country’s economy. In other world regions, trade unions have been of import in determining transitional outcomes, and this thesis interrogated whether the same was true in three African countries. The concept of economic complexity was developed to offer a conceptual framework through which to understand transitional politics. It was argued that the more complex the economy, the more likely democracy was to emerge following transition because there would be more factors in play in the political-economic arena that could erode a regime’s relative power and thus bestow power onto other actors who could utilize it for regime change. In terms of indicators...

Mapping Subnational Poverty in Zambia

de la Fuente, Alejandro; Murr, Andreas; Rascón, Ericka
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
Many challenges were identified during the Fifth National Development Plan (FNDP) in Zambia. To address these challenges and realize pro-poor growth, the Sixth National Development Plan (SNDP) was set in motion. The SNDP, which covers 2011 to 2015, was designed to accomplish three goals: to accelerate infrastructure development (roads, bridges, air, water, rail and border infrastructure, feeder roads, water canals, tourist access roads), to improve the provision of basic services including water and sanitation, electricity access, health, education and skills development to promote rural investment; and to accelerate poverty reduction, mainly through the continued implementation of the Rural Finance Program and to enhance human development.

Conservation Attitudes and Community Based Natural Resource Management in an Understocked Game Management Area of Zambia

Chidakel, Alexander
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
In an understocked game management area surrounding privately managed Kasanka national park in the Central Province of Zambia, local attitudes towards conservation and park-people relations were examined in the context of a community based natural resource management program. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to 260 households and a multiple linear regression was used to analyze the data. Significant socioeconomic factors and attributes of households relevant in explaining positive conservation attitudes were education, employment with the park, and experience with outreach efforts. Outreach though is constrained by the limits on revenue generation of a small park, low communication of program purpose, and poor relations between park management and the chief. Support for conservation is undermined by antagonism between locals and wildlife scouts and crop damage by elephants. However, attitudes should improve with a strategy to address human-elephant conflict and enhance communication of the programs accomplishments and objectives.

Maternal schooling and comprehension of child health information in urban Zambia: is literacy a missing link in the maternal schooling-child health relationship?

Stuebing, Kathleen W
Fonte: Health Transition Centre, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University Publicador: Health Transition Centre, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 70430 bytes; application/pdf
EN_AU
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This paper examines the relationship between literacy skills and comprehension of health information by studying mothers of young children in a high-density urban area in Zambia. Both decontextualized language and print literacy skills were assessed for each woman and the resulting scores were related to her comprehension of both broadcast and printed health information. The results indicate that fluency in a language is not sufficient for full comprehension of broadcast messages in the decontextualized type of language used in bureaucratic communication, and that a woman’s ability to use decontextualized language is associated with greater comprehension of such messages. Skill in using this type of language increases with years of schooling, even in the poorly equipped schools in Zambia, as does print literacy, even though the levels of comprehension achieved are well below their grade level on average for these women. Some implications of these findings for both health care providers and educators are then considered.; no

HIV/AIDS and sexual behaviour among youth in Zambia

Kalunde, Wendy Kabwe
Fonte: Health Transition Centre, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University Publicador: Health Transition Centre, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 23476 bytes; application/pdf
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This study was carried out in selected urban areas in Zambia in the area along the major rail links between the urban areas of Lusaka, Kabwe, Kitwe and Ndola. The objective of the study was to ascertain the influence of socio-economic, demographic and cultural correlates on the sexual networking and activities of the youth in selected towns of Zambia: specifically to determine how sexual behaviour among young people might influence the course of the AIDS epidemic and also to suggest policy interventions. Sexual behaviour among young people both in-school and out-ofschool, aged between 12 and 25, may be vital in influencing the spread of AIDS in Zambia. The results indicate that sexual matters are discussed with close friends of the same sex and peer group, or with cousins who are of the same age. Sometimes grandmothers are consulted for advice by co-resident grand-daughters. Girls and boys engaged in sex or thought about engaging in sex at quite an early age. Girls discussed their intentions about sex with their close friends, many of whom appeared poorly informed about sex themselves. The general views of both sexes about STDs should be a source of concern. The youth do not seem to take STDs seriously basically because most of them...

Negotiating Futures in the Time of AIDS: Contests over Inheritance in Southern Province, Zambia

Frank, Emily Joan
Fonte: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University Publicador: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University
Tipo: Doctoral Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
Thesis (PhD) - Indiana University, Anthropology, 2006; I examine how local decision-making with regard to inheritance has been inextricably altered by and incorporated into larger discourses on international AIDS prevention and modernity in Southern Zambia. I illustrate how the processes of inheritance and approaches towards HIV/AIDS and its prevention have been permeated by local and global notions of modernity in Central and Southern Africa, mutually influencing local perceptions and reactions to each. Within this work I demarcate AIDS as a social process moved beyond the boundaries of a biomedical discourse to openly illuminate the archaeology of meanings incorporated into the framing of AIDS and the AIDS prevention industry. I also examine how Western based NGO initiatives to promote certain behaviors and activities surrounding both inheritance and AIDS prevention, are re-worked at a local level as Zambians pursue or reject a 'modern' and 'global' identity. The issues of AIDS and inheritance have become intertwined for Zambians precisely because the debates surrounding 'appropriate' behaviors are scripted in identical fashion - 'becoming civilized and healthy' or 'remaining primitive and infectious.' Through the examination of how these seemingly disparate social processes have become inseparable...

'Between a rock and a hard place': applied anthropology and AIDS research on a commercial farm in Zambia

Bond, Virginia
Fonte: Health Transition Centre, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University Publicador: Health Transition Centre, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 56080 bytes; application/pdf
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Fieldwork on a commercial farm in southern Zambia, which was aimed at designing an HIV prevention program for farm workers, gradually exposed the nature of sexual liaisons between young girls, coming to work on the farm from the surrounding villages, and older migrant men workers. Before completing fieldwork, the anthropologist voiced her concern about the implications of these liaisons for the spread of STDs and HIV with the local rural community, farm management and farm workers. The immediate outcome of her intercessions was the decision by management to sack under-age workers. Although some members of the local community, including local research assistants, and some managers and workers welcomed this decision, others were angered by it. Caught between interest groups and conflicting guidelines, the anthropologist, it is argued, was in a no-win situation, ‘between a rock and a hard place’. The paper proposes that the application of anthropological ethics in AIDS research needs some reevaluation.; no

Interactive media audiences in Africa: A comparison of four constituencies in Kenya and Zambia

Abreu Lopes, Claudia; Mudhai, Okoth Fred; Mitullah, Winnie V.; Simutanyi, Neo; Balongo, Sam; Diepeveen, Stephanie; Fraser, Alastair; Milapo, Nalukui; Mwangi, Sammy; Tembo, Emmanuel; Srinivasan, Sharath
Fonte: CGHR, Dept. of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge Publicador: CGHR, Dept. of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge
Tipo: Working Paper; published version
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.45%
The PiMA Working Papers are a series of peer-reviewed working papers that present findings and insights from Centre of Governance and Human Rights? (CGHR) Politics and Interactive Media in Africa (PiMA) research project (2012-14). The project, jointly funded by the ESRC and DFID (ES/J018945/1), focuses on expressions of ?public opinion? in broadcast media via new information and communication technologies (ICT) such as mobile phones in Kenya and Zambia. PiMA examines the political implications of such interactions in the two African countries, with a view to drawing conclusions of wider significance to practitioners and policymakers. Series Editors: Sharath Srinivasan, Stephanie Diepeveen.; To better understand who participates in media-driven public discussion and opinion-making, this working paper presents the results of a randomised household survey implemented in four constituencies in Kenya and Zambia, one urban and one rural constituency in each country. The survey was conducted as part of Politics and Interactive Media in Africa (PiMA), a collaborative research project analysing the nature and political implications of expressions of public opinion in broadcast media in Kenya and Zambia, via new information and communication technologies (ICT) such as mobile phones. This paper presents descriptive survey results that are the basis of a deeper comparative analysis of drivers of listenership and participation in interactive broadcast media shows...

School-based professional development in a developing context: lessons learnt from a case study in Zambia

Ha?ler, Bj?rn; Hennessy, Sara; Cross, Andrew
Fonte: Taylor & Francis Publicador: Taylor & Francis
Tipo: Article; accepted version
EN
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37.31%
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final published version is available via Taylor & Francis at http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19415257.2014.938355#.VVNgXy73Q80.; This paper reports on the development and outcomes of the second phase of OER4Schools, a schoolbased professional development programme supporting interactive forms of subject teaching in conjunction with Open Educational Resources (OER) and technology in Zambian primary schools. We worked with partners to identify the needs of school-based continuing professional development (CPD) adapted to the local context; the programme was based on participatory, collaborative and inquiry-based pedagogies for both classroom learning and teacher development. We worked over a 1-year period with four experienced teachers in two basic (primary) schools serving disadvantaged communities. Data were collected from observations, interviews, surveys, lesson planning / review meetings and team workshops. All participants integrated OER and technology into mathematics and science lessons and developed more interactive practices, including collaborative learning. Professional dialogue, quality conversations, reflective practice, cultural sensitivity, peer learning and co-operation were pivotal mechanisms through which teachers shifted their focus from teaching (and teacher exposition) to student learning. Seeing students as capable individuals...

Background Paper: Politics and Interactive Media in Zambia

Simutanyi, Neo; Fraser, Alastair; Milapo, Nalukui
Fonte: CGHR, Dept. of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge Publicador: CGHR, Dept. of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge
Tipo: Working Paper; published version
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.45%
The PiMA Working Papers are a series of peer-reviewed working papers that present findings and insights from Centre of Governance and Human Rights? (CGHR) Politics and Interactive Media in Africa (PiMA) research project (2012-14). The project, jointly funded by the ESRC and DFID (ES/J018945/1), focuses on expressions of ?public opinion? in broadcast media via new information and communication technologies (ICT) such as mobile phones in Kenya and Zambia. PiMA examines the political implications of such interactions in the two African countries, with a view to drawing conclusions of wider significance to practitioners and policymakers. Series Editors: Sharath Srinivasan, Stephanie Diepeveen; This background paper provides an overview of the history and context of interactive media and public opinion in Zambia. It is prepared as part of Politics and Interactive Media in Africa (PiMA) - a collaborative study involving the University of Cambridge, University of Nairobi and University of Zambia. The main objectives of the PiMA project are: (a) to explore the extent to which media interactivity is widening (and deepening) political participation in Africa; (b) to investigate how public opinion is collected and represented by African media and for what (and whose) purposes; and (c) to establish the extent to which public opinion expressed via interactive media affects accountability mechanisms and policy-makers? behaviour. The primary purpose of this background paper is to provide a political and policy context to the Zambian case study...

Sexual cleansing (Kusalazya) and levirate marriage (Kunjilila munganda) in the era of AIDS: changes in perceptions and practices in Zambia

Malungo, Jacob
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
Since sexual cleansing (kusalazya) and the intertwined ritual of levirate marriage or widow and widower inheritance (kunjilila mung'anda) have come to be implicated in the transmission of HIV/AIDS, alternative rituals to sexual cleansing have emerged. Using both quantitative and qualitative data obtained from Zambia in the second half of 1998, this study reveals that the alternative rituals to sexual cleansing include sliding over a half-naked person (kucuta) or over an animal (kucuta ng'ombe or cow-jumping); use of herbs and roots (misamu); cleansing by a married couple. Concoctions or other rituals that were otherwise considered 'alien' in Southern Province, such as cutting of hair (kugela masusu) and application of some powder (kunanika busu), have also been adopted. The study, therefore, discusses various aspects of these alternative practices: who performs them and how; whether the processes are connected to polygyny (maali), levirate marriage (kunjilila mung'anda), and grabbing or inheriting property (kukona); and whether these practices are also risk factors in the spread of HIV/AIDS.

The western arm of the Lufilian Arc in NW Zambia and its potential for copper mineralization

Key, R M; Liyungu, A K; Njamu, Fred M; Somwe, V; Banda, J; Mosley, P N; Armstrong, Richard
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.14%
Parts of the Kasai Shield, a western foreland to the Lufilian Arc and the western arm of this orogen are traced into NW Zambia. The Kasai Shield comprises a suite of metamorphic and igneous rocks (dated at ∼2540-2560 Ma) and extensive porphyritic granit

Geochronology and nature of the Palaeoproterozoic basement in the Central African Copperbelt (Zambia and the Democratic Republic of Congo), with regional implications

Rainaud, C.; Master, S; Armstrong, Richard; Robb, L
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.14%
U-Pb SHRIMP zircon age data, together with geochemical analyses, from the basement to the Katanga Supergroup in the Central African Copperbelt reveal the existence of a widespread Palaeoproterozoic magmatic arc terrane. The Lufubu schists represent a long-lived calc-alkaline volcanic arc sequence and, where dated in both Zambia and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), yield ages of 1980 ± 7, 1968 ± 9, 964 ± 12 and 1874 ± 8 Ma. The oldest dated unit from the region, the Mkushi granitic gneiss from south-east of the Zambian Copperbelt, has an age of 2049 ± 6 Ma. The copper-mineralized Mtuga aplites, which crosscut the foliation in the Mkushi gneisses, have mainly xenocrystic, zoned zircons with cores dated at ca. 2.07-2.00 Ga. Overgrowths on these cores are dated at 1059 ± 26 Ma, which is interpreted as the intrusive age of the aplites. An augen gneiss from the Mulungushi Bridge locality yielded an emplacement age of 1976 ± 5 Ma. The Mufulira Pink Granite has an age of 1994 ± 7 Ma, while the Chambishi granite has been dated at 1983 ± 5 Ma, an age within error of Lufubu schist metavolcanics from elsewhere in the Chambishi basin. The gneisses, granitoids and acid-intermediate calc-alkaline metavolcanics are considered to represent stages in the evolution of one or more magmatic arcs that formed episodically over a 200 million year period between 2050 and 1850 Ma. We suggest naming this assemblage of rocks the "Lufubu Metamorphic Complex". The rocks of the Lufubu Metamorphic Complex are interpreted to be part of a regionally extensive Palaeoproterozoic magmatic arc terrane stretching from northern Namibia to northern Zambia and the DRC. This terrane is termed the Kamanjab-Bangweulu arc and is inferred to have collided with the Archaean Tanzanian craton during the ca. 2.0-1.9 Ga Ubendian orogeny...

Economic complexity, regime transition and sectoral forces: the impact of trade unions on democratization in Zimbabwe, South Africa and Zambia

McCorley, Ciara
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
peer-reviewed; This thesis interrogates uncertainty in transitional politics in South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It questions why some countries transition to democracy and some stagnate or revert to authoritarianism. To address the dual nature of political contingency and structural formations in transitional politics, it adopts a conceptual framework based on economic complexity, to ascertain the relationship between economic structures and the results of regime transition. This study engages with the extensive literature linking economic development and democracy throughout the world, to see if it can be applied to the recent and on-going transitional events across Africa. It identified trade union confederations as economically important actors whose political contingency was directly affected by the sectoral composition of each country’s economy. In other world regions, trade unions have been of import in determining transitional outcomes, and this thesis interrogated whether the same was true in three African countries. The concept of economic complexity was developed to offer a conceptual framework through which to understand transitional politics. It was argued that the more complex the economy, the more likely democracy was to emerge following transition because there would be more factors in play in the political-economic arena that could erode a regime’s relative power and thus bestow power onto other actors who could utilize it for regime change. In terms of indicators...

COMPONENTES SOCIAIS DA MIGRAÇÃO: EXPERIÊNCIAS DA PROVÍNCIA SUL, ZÂMBIA

Cliggett, Lisa
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/10/2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
As suposições comuns atribuem causas econômicas e ambientais às decisões de migração. Este trabalho revela a importância das estruturas do poder local – ao nível da comunidade e da família – para entender a migração. São examinados os processos migratórios na Província Sul da Zâmbia por meio do uso de informações coletadas de dois projetos de pesquisa qualitativa. Até recentemente, quando a seca e as doenças bovinas começaram a devastar a área, a Província Sul era conhecida por suas condições ideais para agropecuária. Até os últimos anos de 1980, os agricultores da Província Sul começaram a migrar para áreas da fronteira norte, onde há terra e chuva em abundância. Contextos locais econômicos e ambientais eram os fatores decisórios na migração das populações; o controle sobre os recursos da zona rural e a habilidade de mobilizar as redes de apoio social nos vilarejos também demonstraram influenciar as decisões para deslocar-se. As informações apresentadas nesse trabalho são do Projeto de Pesquisa longitudinal Gwembe Tonga (GTRP) e de um estudo de dois anos sobre emprego e mercados de trabalho na Província Sul, liderados pelo Centro de Estudos sobre Desenvolvimento da University of Bath...

The Livingstone Museum and its role in postcolonial Zambia, 1964-2006

Mufuzi,Friday
Fonte: Historia Publicador: Historia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.31%
The first article on the Livingstone Museum, published last year in Historia, demonstrated that the Museum was originally established as a tool to exhibit African material culture in order to provide evidence to the rest of the world of the superiority of European culture compared to African culture. The article argued that this was because European settlers saw the need to legitimise colonial rule in the territory; colonial officials felt that the "civilising" effect of European culture was necessary to rescue Africans from their "primitive" way of life. This piece examines the Livingstone Museum and the role it played in independent Zambia, from 1964 to 2006. With the aid of temporary and permanent exhibitions mounted at the institution during this period, the article postulates that in the same vein as the colonial administration, the postcolonial government also used the Museum as a tool to promote its political agenda. Its main objective was to reverse the negative image that the Zambian culture and history had been accorded in the colonial period. The Museum was used as an ally by the nationalist government to promote national unity and patriotism, which had been undermined during the colonial era. In order to achieve this objective...