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A física e o projeto atômico alemães na Segunda Guerra Mundial; German physics and atomic project in World War II

Barros Sobrinho, Marcelo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/08/2010 PT
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A Alemanha iniciou o século XX com uma posição influente na comunidade científica mundial, o que é evidenciado na quantidade de Prêmios Nobel e nas descobertas realizadas no país, por alemães e estrangeiros que fizeram carreira por lá. Esse estado de coisas poderia ter mudado após o final da Primeira Guerra Mundial, quando a fragilidade da Alemanha era evidente, agravada pelas duras condições impostas pelos Aliados. Porém, o período conhecido como República de Weimar conheceu uma grande produção em vários campos, com destaque para a Física, que continuou a sua trajetória ascendente. A ascensão dos Nacional-Socialistas, em 1933, foi responsável por uma grande involução do papel alemão no cenário científico mundial desde o primeiro ano de seu governo, por meio de demissões, perseguições e outros atos. O início da Segunda Guerra Mundial magnificou esse estado de coisas. Em meio a tudo isso, é iniciado um Projeto Atômico, com o objetivo de construir uma arma de destruição em massa de alcance quase inimaginável. O Projeto não desenvolve tal arma a tempo de ser utilizada durante a guerra, mas a Alemanha desenvolve uma tradição sólida nas áreas da ciência e tecnologia nuclear.; Germany started the 21st century at a privileged status in the world science community...

Integração e identidade em conflito: as políticas culturais dos Estados Unidos para a América Latina durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial e a montagem do moderno sistema Pan-Americano (os casos de Brasil, México e Argentina); Integration and conflicting identities: the cultural policies of United States to Latin America during the World War II and the construction of the modern Pan American system (the cases of Brazil, México and Argentina)

Zagni, Rodrigo Medina
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/04/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.11%
Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial as relações interamericanas foram decisivamente alteradas pela militarização das relações políticas, pela montagem do parque industrial voltado à produção de armas nos EUA, pelos projetos de desenvolvimento econômico propostos e pela conversão da indústria de produtos culturais em arma de guerra, contando com a elaboração de complexas estratégias por parte de seus articuladores. Esta pesquisa foca a elaboração e a implementação das políticas culturais engendradas no complexo jogo da política externa estadunidense e que trataram das relações entre EUA e América Latina durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial, a partir de dois nexos estruturais de sentido e que obrigaram a utilização de dois tipos essenciais de fontes documentais, respectivamente: a estruturação dessas políticas por parte dos EUA, do que tratam os expedientes do Escritório para Assuntos Interamericanos; e a resposta dada pelas repúblicas latinoamericanas que foram objeto dessas políticas, a partir da análise dos expedientes das Conferências Panamericanas e Reuniões de Ministros de Relações Exteriores das Repúblicas Latinoamericanas, no mesmo período. Com isso, trataremos, desde uma perspectiva hermenêutico-histórica e a partir dos preceitos da História-Total...

Salazar’s interference in the BBC Portuguese Service during World War II

Ribeiro, Nelson
Fonte: Routledge Publicador: Routledge
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 ENG
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This article presents a case study on the limits of the BBC Overseas Service’s journalistic independence during World War II. Not only editorial policy but also the personnel hired by the BBC Portuguese Service were subject to pressure from Salazar through the Foreign Office. How the Lisbon government was made aware of the events taking place inside the Portuguese Service and which strategies were used to interfere in its editorial line are discussed. This history presents clear evidence of how the BBC was required to trim its output in order to avoid diplomatic problems arising between the British and the Portuguese governments.

Objectivity versus ‘Toxic Propaganda’: The case of transborder broadcasts to Portugal during World War II

Ribeiro, Nelson
Fonte: Intellect Publicador: Intellect
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/12/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This article describes the role of foreign radio propaganda in Portugal in the years that preceded and the years during World War II. It demonstrates how the BBC became the most effective weapon to counterattack the German propaganda in the country and comments on the strategies used by the British in order to reach the Portuguese public. Among those strategies the most important was the promotion of the objectivity of the broadcasts from London, as opposed to the German transmissions that were known for airing mainly ‘toxic propaganda’. Evidence is also presented according to which news bulletins and talks broadcast by the BBC were perceived by the receivers as independent from political interference while the Axis transmissions were mostly considered as airing ‘toxic information’, demonstrating how during the war British white propaganda became very effective in regards to its impact on the Portuguese public.

17.423 Causes and Prevention of War, Spring 2001; Causes and Prevention of War

Van Evera, Stephen
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
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EN-US
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Examines the causes of war, with a focus on practical measures to prevent and control war. Topics covered include: causes and consequences of national misperception; military strategy and policy as cause of war; US foreign policy as a cause of war and peace; and the likelihood and possible nature of another world war. Historical cases are examined, including World War I, World War II, Korea, and Indochina. From the course home page: Course Description Course topic: the causes and prevention of interstate war. Course goal: discovering and assessing means to prevent or control war. Hence we focus on manipulable or controllable war-causes. Covered topics include the dilemmas, misperceptions, crimes and blunders that caused wars of the past; the origins of these and other war-causes; the possible causes of wars of the future; and possible means to prevent such wars, including short-term policy steps and more utopian schemes. Covered historical cases include World War I, World War II, Korea, Indochina, and the Peloponnesian, Crimean and Seven Years wars.

US Alien Property Custodian patent documents: A legacy prior art collection from World War II - Part 2, statistics

White, Michael J.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 183296 bytes; application/msword
EN
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This is the second part of a two-part article on the origins, history and profile of Alien Property Custodian (APC) documents during World War II. The APC was responsible for administering American property, including patents, seized from nationals of enemy and enemy-occupied countries. Part one covered the wartime organization and activities of the APC, vesting orders and the agency’s patent portfolio. Part two describes APC documents (patent applications published by U.S. Patent Office at the request of the APC), the national and technological profiles of these documents and snapshots of the inventors who lost and, in some cases, regained their patent rights. APC documents are a small and little known but historically important collection of prior art documents.

US Alien Property Custodian patent documents: A legacy prior art collection from World War II - Part 1, history.

White, Michael J.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 76673 bytes; application/pdf
EN
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In 1943, at the height of World War II, the U.S. Patent Office, by the authorization of the Alien Property Custodian (APC), published 2,964 pending patent applications that had been seized from nationals of enemy and enemy-occupied countries. This unusual act—only in 2001 did the USPTO begin publishing some pending patent applications—was prompted by the APC’s wartime mandate to make enemy technology available to American industry. During and after the war many of these applications were issued as patents assigned to the APC. However, up to 58 percent were abandoned, becoming, in effect, orphan documents. APC documents, although they resemble contemporary patents and are granted prior art status by the USPTO, are virtually unknown today, even among patent professionals. This two-part paper investigates the origins, history and profile of this unique collection of prior art documents. Part one reviews the wartime organization and activities of the Office of the Alien Property Custodian, the agency responsible for the creation of APC documents, the use of vesting orders to seize patents and the APC’s patent portfolio. Part two describes applications published by the APC, their national and technological profiles, and snapshots of the inventors and companies who lost and...

Armored Warfare in World War 2: Conference Featuring F. W. von Mellenthin, General Major a.D., German Army

von Mellenthin, F.W.; Sprey, Pierre; Boyd, John R.; Lind, William S.; Rennagel, William; Stolfi, Russel H.S.
Fonte: Battelle Columbus Laboratories Tactical Technology Center Publicador: Battelle Columbus Laboratories Tactical Technology Center
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At this Conference on Armored Warfare in World War II, Generalmajor a.D. F. W. von Mellenthin, a distinguished German battle tank force tactician, related some of his experiences as a General Staff Officer in the Russian campaign and responded to questions on his World War II experiences and their possible current application. Mr. Pierre Sprey (Pierre Sprey, Inc.) served as moderator for the Conference. Panel members included: Mr. John R. Boyd (OASD, Program Analysis and Evaluation), Mr. William S. Lind (Special Assistant to Senator Gary Hart), Mr. Peter McDavitt (Honeywell, Inc.), Major William Rennagel (U. S. Army, CNC&S, Navy War College), and Professor Russel H. S. Stolfi (U. S. Naval Postgraduate School). Prof. Stolfi's comments are included here.; Sponsored by contract no. DAAK40-78-C-0004

The effects of Japan's apology for World War II atrocities on regional relations

Cathey, Emily A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 99 p. ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This thesis explores the impact of atrocities that Japan committed against its neighbors during and prior to World War II on Japan' relationships with its neighbors, China and the Republic of Korea. The issues of Japan's wartime treatment of Comfort Women, the atrocities of the Rape of Nanking and Japanese chemical and biological testing on humans, remain contentious with the governments and the people of China and the Republic of Korea, who feel that Japan has never fully apologized for its actions during World War II. They assert that Japan feels no remorse, as evidenced by treatment of World War II in Japanese school textbooks and by government officials visiting Yasukuni Shrine, where Japan's war dead are commemorated. The Japanese counter that they have offered sincere apologies. Consequently, this lingering animosity still affects Tokyo's efforts to achieve its foreign policy goals and expand its international influence, among other things, through seeking a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council and by possibly amending Article 9 of its Constitution. Additionally, this discord affects Japan's regional relations. Japan, China and the Republic of Korea all share an interest in regional stability and their economies are inextricably linked. Nevertheless...

War, politics and morality : the Spanish Catholic church and World War II.

Varley, Gerald
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This thesis starts from the proposition that moral and ideological issues now drive the continuing intense interest in World War II. There has been an increasing challenge to the probity of the response of both opponents and bystanders to the threat raised by Nazism. The thesis views these issues from the viewpoint of the Spanish Catholic Church, an institution involved in yet detached from the war, having morality as its core concern yet itself struggling to reconcile moral principles with political imperatives. Such tensions might illuminate, in particular, the similar struggles of the Western Allies. This study has been set against a background of historiographical development. It has considered the evolution of Catholic teaching on the morality of war and threats posed to the Church in the early twentieth Century political world of conflicting ideologies. In Spain, the Church, quintessentially Spanish yet inspiring extremes of devotion and hatred in Spain's total, ideological Civil War, had been devastated by that struggle. In defending its urgent spiritual priorities during a new European war, it faced many challenges that necessitated reactions involving complex interplay of morality and politics. Not only was its relationship with the victorious Franco regime uncertain but it feared the infiltration into Spain of any of the European war's contending ideologies-Fascism and Nazism...

Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Australia Since World War II

Anderson, Kym; Lloyd, Peter; MacLaren, Donald
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
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Australia's lackluster economic growth performance in the first four decades following World War II was in part due to an anti-trade, anti-primary sector bias in government assistance policies. This paper provides new annual estimates of the extent of those biases since 1946 and their gradual phase-out during the past two decades. In doing so it reveals that the timing of the sector assistance cuts was such as sometimes to improve but sometimes to worsen the distortions to incentives faced by farmers. The changes increased the variation of assistance rates within agriculture during the 1950s and 1960s, reducing the welfare contribution of those programs in that period. Although the assistance pattern within agriculture appears not to have been strongly biased against exporters, its reform has coincided with a substantial increase in the export orientation of many farm industries. The overall pattern for Australia is contrasted with that revealed by comparable new estimates for other high-income countries.

WORLD WAR II: How We Got There and What it Meant for Canada

McNeill, Katie-Marie; Marraccini, Chris
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Outros
EN
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This Resource Pack explores the global political, economic, and social events preceding the Second World War and also explores significant Canadian consequences from this conflict. These lessons emphasize a student-centered approach, enabling learners to do their own research with primary documents. Students will utilize databases to discover their own primary documents and analyze those documents to engage with history through experiential learning. Students will make insightful inferences based on their findings, write their own interpretations of history, and compare their analyses to their peers and secondary literature. This Resource Pack covers the life of Mackenzie King using his digitized diary, the causes of WWII, the Conscription Crisis, and the internment of Japanese-Canadians; Historical thinking resource pack of 6 history lesson plans for Queen's University Faculty of Education B.Ed. course: Intermediate-Senior History.

THE CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II CANADA’S CONTRIBUTION: RESOURCE PACK

Frise, Laura; LeBland, Shelby; Lovell, Doug
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Outros
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The purpose of this resource pack is to provide the teacher with all of the lesson plans and tools to use in a classroom environment and educate the students on a specific expectation from the Ontario History Curriculum. This will be achieved in conjunction with Peter Seixas and Tom Morton’s “The Big Six” which examine the teaching of history through six key strategic approaches. Each lesson provided in this course pack will focus on one of the six major historical thinking concepts from this source. The first lesson will have students engage with primary documents relating to the cause of WWII (i.e. The Treaty of Versailles). Students will demonstrate their ability to identify the impact of an author, and historical context on the creation of a source. Lesson two explores the historical thinking concept of Continuity and Change through the Nazi Party’s (and Hitler's) rise to power between 1929-1933. It will focus on ideologies of the Nazi Party and Hitler's use of the Great Depression and the state of Germany's dire political, social and economic situation to gain power. Lesson three will use the historical thinking concept of ethical dimensions to examine Canada’s rejection of the St. Louis and other refugees during World War II. Lesson four explores Canada's involvement in D-Day and their role in the Liberation of the Netherlands - two key events to Canadian involvement in World War II. It uses the historical thinking concept of Historical Significance by tying Canada’s involvement to World War II. Lesson five will ask students to consider the implications of historical perspectives on the study of history...

The role of the media in influencing public attitudes to penicillin during World War II

Shama, Gilbert
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.06%
Penicillin’s trajectory towards becoming an effective antibacterial chemotherapeutic agent took place during World War II. Its strategic military value was immediately recognised by the Allies, and mass production was undertaken with the prime objective of meeting the needs of the armed forces. News of its development came to be widely reported on in the media and is examined here. These reports frequently combined accounts of penicillin’s prodigious clinical effectiveness with the fact that it was to remain unavailable to the civilian population essentially until the war had ended. More penicillin was to be made available to the civilian population in the United States than in Britain, but the sense that it was severely rationed remained as high. It was in response to this that the idea of «homemade penicillin» was hatched. News of this was also widely promulgated by both the British and American media. Although the numbers treated with penicillin produced in this way was never to be significant, knowledge of the existence of such endeavours may have served to assuage in some measure the feelings of frustration felt by the civilian population at penicillin’s non-availability.

Filling the Emptiness of a Stunned Inner Silence: Survivors' Memoirs of Japanese Internment Camps in Indonesia during World War II

Emery, Lindsay
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Formato: 1560785 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.14%
War stories are so often reported with the number of victims. Statistics break down the logistics into birthplace, military versus nonmilitary, or even men versus women. With constant exposure, readers are numb to the significance of these numbers; one cannot fully grasp the fear, pain, suffering, or sadness that accompanied the over 15,000 Allied prisoners of war that died building the Burma Railroad or the six million Jews murdered by the Nazis. This desensitization results in indifference or ignorance. Perhaps what may be more impactful and memorable is to read war stories from the view and experience of the survivors. The surviving prisoners of war have memories and stories that provide insight and force the reader to feel and experience the memory; an understanding that is impossible to gain from war victim statistics. This thesis analyzes written narratives of Dutch women and children survivors of the Japanese internment camps in Indonesia during World War II in an attempt to give coherence and presence to the fragmentary existence of their experience. The fragments of these individuals exemplify the tragedy, disappointment, emotional anxiety, difficulty in articulating their story and isolation from the outside world felt by each survivor in their distinct experiences. These stories reevaluate how this experience has shaped the survivors as individuals despite the unaware...

Deaf people and World War II

Durr, Patricia
Fonte: Deaf History International Publicador: Deaf History International
Tipo: Article; Website Formato: 144339 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.12%
Newsletter article and website about deaf people and World War II. The website is the result of several years of gathering materials about Deaf people’s experiences related to World War II for Deaf Studies courses taught at NTID/RIT. The site focuses on three spheres of the world involved in this conflict. Deaf Americans, Deaf Europeans, and Deaf Asians people’s lives are examined before, during and after the war. It also features videotape clips and full testimonies, articles, scripts, artwork, books and links to other related sites.

War letters: A Thematic approach and comparison of military letters from World War II and the Vietnam War

Yamonaco, Jeanne
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.17%
Letters, a form of mediated interpersonal communication, provide readers and writers the opportunity to transcend space and time. Letters can also serve as a permanent record of communicated information. The present study compares themes of selected letters written by soldiers from two wars: World War II and Vietnam. Two research questions are posed: What are the themes expressed in soldiers` letters? Is there a difference in themes that relate to the particular war fought? This study analyzed 202 letters written by military personnel from both World War II and the Vietnam War. After content analysis of the 10 most prevalent themes, no significant differences were noted between the themes of either war.

Times of intolerance, repression of foreigners during the World War II in Santa Catarina (Brazil); Tempos de intolerância: repressão aos estrangeiros durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial em Santa Catarina.

Fáveri, Marlene de; UDESC
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/12/2010 POR
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The crackdown against the populations of Italian and German origins living in the State of Santa Catarina, performed by the government of Getúlio Vargas during World War II, was linked to the country’s alignment with the United States against the Axis. This crackdown in action illustrates the political police intolerance during the Vargas’ regime. Men and women had their most basicrights violated, with restriction of coming and going and suppression of their freedom of speech and expression. Many were confined in concentration camps, far from the coast. This article shows some of these forms of repression in the context of the Brazilian approximation to the Allies, and the actions performed by the Social and Political Order Department (DOPS) to enforce it, as well as the population reactions to it.; http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7976.2009v16n22p91A repressão do governo Vargas sobre as populações de origem ítalo- germânica residentes no Estado de Santa Catarina durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial, na contingência do alinhamento do país com os Estados Unidos e contra o Eixo, fez mover ações onde se percebe a intolerância da polícia política. Homens e mulheres foram violentados nos seus direitos mais elementares...

Conflicting community commitments: a dialogical analysis of a British woman's World War II diaries

Gillespie, Alex; Cornish, Flora; Aveling, Emma-Louise; Zittoun, Tania
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2007 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Recent developments of the concept of “sense of community” have highlighted the multiplicity of people's senses of community. In this article, the authors introduce the theory of the dialogical self as a means of theorizing the conflicts that can arise between a person's commitments to multiple communities. They ask the question, “When faced with conflicting community commitments, how does a person decide where his or her allegiances lie?” The contribution of the theory of the dialogical self is illustrated through an idiographic analysis of diaries kept by one British woman living through World War II. Conflicting commitments to her home community and to the national community's war effort provoke troubling dilemmas and efforts to resolve them through internal dialogues. Contributions to theory, research, and practice are discussed.

The role of the media in influencing public attitudes to penicillin during World War II

Shama,Gilbert
Fonte: Dynamis Publicador: Dynamis
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.03%
Penicillin's trajectory towards becoming an effective antibacterial chemotherapeutic agent took place during World War II. Its strategic military value was immediately recognised by the Allies, and mass production was undertaken with the prime objective of meeting the needs of the armed forces. News of its development came to be widely reported on in the media and is examined here. These reports frequently combined accounts of penicillin's prodigious clinical effectiveness with the fact that it was to remain unavailable to the civilian population essentially until the war had ended. More penicillin was to be made available to the civilian population in the United States than in Britain, but the sense that it was severely rationed remained as high. It was in response to this that the idea of "homemade penicillin" was hatched. News of this was also widely promulgated by both the British and American media. Although the numbers treated with penicillin produced in this way was never to be significant, knowledge of the existence of such endeavours may have served to assuage in some measure the feelings of frustration felt by the civilian population at penicillin's non-availability.