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Böll e Kempowski: representação da Segunda Guerra Mundial em um romance (Wo warst du, Adam?) e em um "diário coletivo"(Das Echolot); Böll and Kempowski: representation of World War II in a novel (Wo warst du, Adam?) And a "collective diary" (Das Echolot)

Sousa, Claire Parot de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/05/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.31%
O romance Wo warst du, Adam? (1951), de Heinrich Böll, e o "diário coletivo" Das Echolot. Barbarossa '41. (2002), de Walter Kempowski, são representações literárias da Segunda Guerra Mundial. O romance foi escrito e publicado no período do pós-guerra, quando a sociedade alemã se encontrava em meio ao sofrimento por perdas materiais, perdas de familiares, e, também, confusa com a manipulação propagandística que havia sofrido por parte do governo alemão. Começava, ainda, a ter acesso a informações sobre os horrores e crimes bárbaros que haviam sido cometidos por soldados nazistas, principalmente contra o povo judeu. O "diário coletivo", por sua vez, é formado por colagens de textos individuais autênticos, escritos em sua maioria durante os acontecimentos da Segunda Guerra Mundial, por seus participantes e por aqueles que vivenciaram tal período. Não há nenhuma voz que relacione os testemunhos, a interpretação de tantas vozes dissonantes fica a cargo, exclusivamente, do leitor. Por haver cinquenta anos de intervalo entre as publicações, além de diferenças quanto ao gênero literário, esta pesquisa tem como objetivo verificar se a mudança de estrutura literária e a focalização das personagens/testemunhas estão ligadas à mudança da perspectiva atual da Segunda Guerra Mundial...

A física e o projeto atômico alemães na Segunda Guerra Mundial; German physics and atomic project in World War II

Barros Sobrinho, Marcelo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/08/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
A Alemanha iniciou o século XX com uma posição influente na comunidade científica mundial, o que é evidenciado na quantidade de Prêmios Nobel e nas descobertas realizadas no país, por alemães e estrangeiros que fizeram carreira por lá. Esse estado de coisas poderia ter mudado após o final da Primeira Guerra Mundial, quando a fragilidade da Alemanha era evidente, agravada pelas duras condições impostas pelos Aliados. Porém, o período conhecido como República de Weimar conheceu uma grande produção em vários campos, com destaque para a Física, que continuou a sua trajetória ascendente. A ascensão dos Nacional-Socialistas, em 1933, foi responsável por uma grande involução do papel alemão no cenário científico mundial desde o primeiro ano de seu governo, por meio de demissões, perseguições e outros atos. O início da Segunda Guerra Mundial magnificou esse estado de coisas. Em meio a tudo isso, é iniciado um Projeto Atômico, com o objetivo de construir uma arma de destruição em massa de alcance quase inimaginável. O Projeto não desenvolve tal arma a tempo de ser utilizada durante a guerra, mas a Alemanha desenvolve uma tradição sólida nas áreas da ciência e tecnologia nuclear.; Germany started the 21st century at a privileged status in the world science community...

Integração e identidade em conflito: as políticas culturais dos Estados Unidos para a América Latina durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial e a montagem do moderno sistema Pan-Americano (os casos de Brasil, México e Argentina); Integration and conflicting identities: the cultural policies of United States to Latin America during the World War II and the construction of the modern Pan American system (the cases of Brazil, México and Argentina)

Zagni, Rodrigo Medina
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/04/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial as relações interamericanas foram decisivamente alteradas pela militarização das relações políticas, pela montagem do parque industrial voltado à produção de armas nos EUA, pelos projetos de desenvolvimento econômico propostos e pela conversão da indústria de produtos culturais em arma de guerra, contando com a elaboração de complexas estratégias por parte de seus articuladores. Esta pesquisa foca a elaboração e a implementação das políticas culturais engendradas no complexo jogo da política externa estadunidense e que trataram das relações entre EUA e América Latina durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial, a partir de dois nexos estruturais de sentido e que obrigaram a utilização de dois tipos essenciais de fontes documentais, respectivamente: a estruturação dessas políticas por parte dos EUA, do que tratam os expedientes do Escritório para Assuntos Interamericanos; e a resposta dada pelas repúblicas latinoamericanas que foram objeto dessas políticas, a partir da análise dos expedientes das Conferências Panamericanas e Reuniões de Ministros de Relações Exteriores das Repúblicas Latinoamericanas, no mesmo período. Com isso, trataremos, desde uma perspectiva hermenêutico-histórica e a partir dos preceitos da História-Total...

„Der Kampf ist hart. Wir sind härter!“ - Die Darstellung deutscher Soldaten im Spiegel der Bildpropaganda beider Weltkriege und die Konstruktion des „Neuen Helden“; „Der Kampf ist hart. Wir sind härter!“ - German Soldiers in the propaganda art of the First and Second World War and the construction of "Neue Helden"

Lewalter, Hannes
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
DE_DE
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.29%
Im Spannungsfeld der Propagandakunst möchte diese Arbeit operieren, deren Interesse es ist, die deutsche Bildpropaganda der beiden Weltkriege in Postkarten und Plakaten zu untersuchen. Dabei soll der Frage nachgegangen werden, welche Motive die deutsche Propaganda in der Zeit nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg einsetzte, und welches die „Vor-Bilder“ der jeweiligen Motive auf Plakaten und Postkarten waren. Ziel ist es, Traditionslinien und Weiterentwicklungen alter Motive aus dem Ersten Weltkrieg ebenso aufzuzeigen, wie Neuschöpfungen der staatlichen Propagandastellen nach 1918.; This thesis operates in the area of propaganda art. It intends to investigate German image propaganda of the First and Second World War by analysing postcards and posters. It mainly focuses on the question which motives the German propaganda authorities were using after the First World War and where the prototypes of these motives on posters and postcards originated from. An additional aim lies in both, disclosing traditions and developments of old motives from World War One and identifying new creations by the governmental propaganda authorities from after 1918.

La I Guerra Mundial y el modo deliberadamente masculino de entender la política; World War I and the Very Deliberately Masculine Way of Understanding Politics

Fernández Calleja, José María
Fonte: Universidad Complutense de Madrid Publicador: Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Publicado em //2014 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
En este estudio se quieren poner de manifiesto "los modos de comportamiento deliberadamente masculinos" (Clark, 2014:413) a los que recurren los protagonistas de la Primera Guerra Mundial, todos ellos hombres, en los momentos previos a la guerra y en el desarrollo del propio conflicto. Una guerra en la que la mujer tiene un papel secundario, si bien accede a trabajos antes vedados y exclusivos de los hombres, y que a diferencia de otras guerras anteriores "perseguía objetivos ilimitados" (Hobsbawm, 1995: 37). La I Guerra Mundial, que algunos consideraron como un fatalismo ineluctable y que otros buscaron con urgencia. (Hastings, 2014:37); The purpose of this paper is to show “the deliberately masculine modes of behavior “(Clark, 2014:413) that the protagonists of World War I , all of them men, displayed in the moments previous to the war and during the development of this conflict. A war in which women have a secondary role, although they started doing jobs previously reserved exclusively for men, and differently from earlier ones “it was searching for unlimited goals” (Hobsbawm, 1995:37). For some, World War I was fatally unavoidable, for others there was an urgent need for it. (Hastings, 2014:37).

Política exterior española. Relaciones hispano-alemanas durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial; Spanish foreign policy. Spanish-german relationship during the Second World War

Fernández-Cueto Sosa, Javier
Fonte: Universidade de Cantabria Publicador: Universidade de Cantabria
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
RESUMEN: El objetivo del presente trabajo es el análisis de las relaciones establecidas entre España y Alemania durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. A pesar de que España no participó como país beligerante en la contienda, los vínculos entre ambos países fueron muy estrechos y tuvieron un peso muy importante en el desarrollo y la resolución del conflicto mundial. La colaboración entre ambas naciones existió más allá de los cauces normales, que comprenden las relaciones diplomáticas, económicas, militares o de inteligencia entre países amigos. Uno de los propósitos en este trabajo, será analizar esos vínculos con Alemania que situaron a España al borde de la guerra en diversas ocasiones y la sometieron a una presión internacional asfixiante, demasiado para una nación empobrecida y en ruinas. Intentaré abarcar los distintos tipos de lazos entre España y Alemania, contextualizándolos con los hechos de armas más importantes de la Segunda Guerra Mundial y con las acciones diplomáticas más relevantes por parte de los Aliados. A lo largo del trabajo se plantearán una serie de cuestiones, algunas de las cuales siguen sin tener una respuesta clara, mientras otras parecen más definidas en la actualidad. Por ejemplo...

El socialismo y el movimiento obrero en Francia e Italia ante el primer conflicto mundial: ¿Qué hacer cuando estalla la guerra?; Socialisme et mouvements ouvriers français et italien face au premier conflit mondial : Que faire lorsque la guerre éclate ?; French and Italian socialism and labor movements facing World War I: What to do when the war breaks out?

Prezioso, Stéfani
Fonte: Murcia : Universidad de Murcia Publicador: Murcia : Universidad de Murcia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
Reconozcámoslo como un hecho”, subrayó François Hollande, durante la inauguración de las efemérides del centenario en noviembre de 2013, cuando se proclamó la movilización general, ya no quedaba más que un país, una sola Nación y un solo ejército". Cuando proliferan las efemérides oficiales del primer conflicto mundial, resulta más imposible que nunca abstraerse de la relación dialéctica que se establece entre la "utilización pública y política de la historia" y la construcción de la historia académica. Actualmente parece que se invoca al mundo obrero y a las y los derrotados para subrayar fundamentalmente su "adhesión" primordial a "su" nación en guerra. El mundo obrero y los movimientos obreros, en toda su complejidad social y política, apenas existen en la investigación histórica, de la misma forma que han desaparecido, en gran medida, las cuestiones vinculadas a la relación de fuerzas socio-políticas. Esta contribución se propone volver a plantear uno de los núcleos historiográficos referente a los distintos socialismos en la guerra: el de su "entrada" en el conflicto. Se trata de comprender de qué forma "irrumpió la guerra" en los debates del socialismo internacional...

The effects of Japan's apology for World War II atrocities on regional relations

Cathey, Emily A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 99 p. ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.31%
This thesis explores the impact of atrocities that Japan committed against its neighbors during and prior to World War II on Japan' relationships with its neighbors, China and the Republic of Korea. The issues of Japan's wartime treatment of Comfort Women, the atrocities of the Rape of Nanking and Japanese chemical and biological testing on humans, remain contentious with the governments and the people of China and the Republic of Korea, who feel that Japan has never fully apologized for its actions during World War II. They assert that Japan feels no remorse, as evidenced by treatment of World War II in Japanese school textbooks and by government officials visiting Yasukuni Shrine, where Japan's war dead are commemorated. The Japanese counter that they have offered sincere apologies. Consequently, this lingering animosity still affects Tokyo's efforts to achieve its foreign policy goals and expand its international influence, among other things, through seeking a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council and by possibly amending Article 9 of its Constitution. Additionally, this discord affects Japan's regional relations. Japan, China and the Republic of Korea all share an interest in regional stability and their economies are inextricably linked. Nevertheless...

World War I: The genesis of craniomaxillofacial surgery?

Simpson, D.; David, D.
Fonte: Blackwell Science Asia Publicador: Blackwell Science Asia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
Herbert Moran enlisted in the Royal Army Medical Corps early in World War I. His autobiography captures the impact of contemporary experience of wartime gunshot wounds, seen in vast numbers and with little understanding of the requirements of wartime surgery. Wounds of the face and brain were numerous, especially in trench fighting. In France, Germany, Britain and elsewhere, surgeons and dentists collaborated to repair mutilated faces and special centres were set up to facilitate this. The innovative New Zealand surgeon Harold Gillies developed his famous reconstructive techniques in the Queen's Hospital at Sidcup, with the help of dental surgeons, anaesthetists and medical artists. The treatment of brain wounds was controversial. Many surgeons, especially on the German side, advocated minimal primary operative surgery and delayed closure. Others advocated early exploration and immediate closure; among the first to do so was the Austro-Hungarian otologist Robert Bárány. In 1918, the pioneer American neurosurgeon Harvey Cushing published well-documented proof of the desirability of definitive operative management done as soon as possible. Few World War I surgeons developed their knowledge of plastic surgery, neurosurgery and oral surgery in post-war practice. An exception was Henry Newland...

War, politics and morality : the Spanish Catholic church and World War II.

Varley, Gerald
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.35%
This thesis starts from the proposition that moral and ideological issues now drive the continuing intense interest in World War II. There has been an increasing challenge to the probity of the response of both opponents and bystanders to the threat raised by Nazism. The thesis views these issues from the viewpoint of the Spanish Catholic Church, an institution involved in yet detached from the war, having morality as its core concern yet itself struggling to reconcile moral principles with political imperatives. Such tensions might illuminate, in particular, the similar struggles of the Western Allies. This study has been set against a background of historiographical development. It has considered the evolution of Catholic teaching on the morality of war and threats posed to the Church in the early twentieth Century political world of conflicting ideologies. In Spain, the Church, quintessentially Spanish yet inspiring extremes of devotion and hatred in Spain's total, ideological Civil War, had been devastated by that struggle. In defending its urgent spiritual priorities during a new European war, it faced many challenges that necessitated reactions involving complex interplay of morality and politics. Not only was its relationship with the victorious Franco regime uncertain but it feared the infiltration into Spain of any of the European war's contending ideologies-Fascism and Nazism...

Advancing Australia within the heart of the British Empire: A Report on the construction of Australia House in London and its role, with the office of the Australian High Commissioner, in the period leading up to and during the First World War

Rogerson, Emma
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
During the early 20th century, the British Empire held a prominent place within Australian society and politics. At this time Australian parliamentarians discussed the need to assert a distinctive Australian presence in London, the heart of the Empire. The desire to secure a pennanent and official representation of Australian interests prompted numerous debates during the first decade of the 1900s about the most appropriate form of such representation, its role and purpose, and what type of image it should offer of the new Commonwealth. The outcome, after much deliberation, was the establishment of the position of an Australian high commissioner in 1909 to officially represent the Commonwealth's interests in Great Britain. It was also proposed that new Commonwealth offices be built in London to support the unified representation of state and federal interests and to illustrate the Commonwealth's progress in tenns of wealth, growth, and stability. Discussion about the site of the proposed offices led in turn to consideration of building plans. With the outbreak of the First World War on 4 August 1914, the high commission and Australia House, established at the Strand, carried out functions and responsibilities that were essential to the administration of the Australian Imperial Force in Great Britain. The dispatch of war intelligence to Australia and the welfare of Australian servicemen were two key tasks performed. The unexpected intervention of the First World War significantly altered the role...

Canada & the First World War: An Introduction

Petronis, Daina; Vranich, Bob
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Outros
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
Developing an historical understanding of the twentieth--‐ and twenty--‐first centuries requires, first and foremost, an understanding of the First World War. The root causes of such historically significant events as the Russian Revolution, the rise of Adolph Hitler, World War II, the Cold War, American superpower status, the Yugoslav civil war, and contemporary ethnic and military conflicts within the Middle East, each stem in part from the consequences and legacy of the “war to end all wars.” This resource package provides educators with 6 lessons that serve to explore the main causes of World War I and the impacts of the war on Canada and Canadians. Specifically, students will explore the main causes of the war; the Canadian reactions to the outbreak of war; technological advancements throughout the war; French--‐English relations and the conscription crisis; the human cost of war; and the Treaty of Versailles. Students will explore these topics through the inspection of geographic maps, political cartoons, Canadian artwork, films, oral histories, newspaper excerpts and other forms of differentiated instruction. Each lesson is grounded in one of the Big Six Historical Thinking Concepts developed by Seixas and Morton – historical significance...

World War I and Wartime Canada Through the Lens of The Big Six

McCarthy, Meg; Lewis, Vicky
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Outros
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.4%
The purpose of this unit is to provide students with an in-depth understanding of Canada in World War I and World War I on a global scale. Lesson one focuses on the concept Evidence, as students will look at different textbooks to consider the changing causes of World War I. Lesson two is based on Continuity and Change and will teach students about Canada’s changing relationship with Britain in wartime and beyond. Lesson three is rooted in Cause and Consequence and revolves around the topic of alliances in World War I. In Lesson four, the concept of Historical Perspectives is used as a lens through which to learn about the differing mindsets of Canadian soldiers during World War I through archival research. Lesson five has students consider the Ethical Dimension of war, particularly focusing on enlistment and the conscription crisis of World War I. Finally, students will finish the unit with an ISU project about the lasting impact of World War I, including discussion of the psychological impact of war on veterans and our duty to honour their sacrifice on Remembrance Day and throughout the year (the lesson is based on Historical Significance). Students will have the opportunity to engage in a wide range of activities and discussions...

THE CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II CANADA’S CONTRIBUTION: RESOURCE PACK

Frise, Laura; LeBland, Shelby; Lovell, Doug
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Outros
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.29%
The purpose of this resource pack is to provide the teacher with all of the lesson plans and tools to use in a classroom environment and educate the students on a specific expectation from the Ontario History Curriculum. This will be achieved in conjunction with Peter Seixas and Tom Morton’s “The Big Six” which examine the teaching of history through six key strategic approaches. Each lesson provided in this course pack will focus on one of the six major historical thinking concepts from this source. The first lesson will have students engage with primary documents relating to the cause of WWII (i.e. The Treaty of Versailles). Students will demonstrate their ability to identify the impact of an author, and historical context on the creation of a source. Lesson two explores the historical thinking concept of Continuity and Change through the Nazi Party’s (and Hitler's) rise to power between 1929-1933. It will focus on ideologies of the Nazi Party and Hitler's use of the Great Depression and the state of Germany's dire political, social and economic situation to gain power. Lesson three will use the historical thinking concept of ethical dimensions to examine Canada’s rejection of the St. Louis and other refugees during World War II. Lesson four explores Canada's involvement in D-Day and their role in the Liberation of the Netherlands - two key events to Canadian involvement in World War II. It uses the historical thinking concept of Historical Significance by tying Canada’s involvement to World War II. Lesson five will ask students to consider the implications of historical perspectives on the study of history...

Toward a Poetics of Witness: Apollinaire, Cendrars and the French Poets of the First World War

Gleisner, Nichole Theresa
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.31%

This dissertation addresses the lack of an identifiable group of World War I soldier-poets within the French literary and cultural canon. Through a study of archival matter from the period, including a survey of trench newspapers, contemporary print media, first editions, and material objects, the author concludes that one possible factor is the phenomenon of the democratization of the figure of the poet in the French trenches. The dissertation describes the groundbreaking rejection of the romantic definition of poetry as a sacred activity in favor of the view that poetry could be written by anyone, particularly those who served as witnesses on the front lines of experience. During the First World War, these common soldier-poets, later known broadly as témoins, were validated and encouraged from diverse places in French society: from the trenches where the soldiers' newspapers actively mobilized enlisted men to pick up a pen and write, to venerable institutions such as the Académie Française and Académie Goncourt which continually validated works by soldier-writers during the war years.

However, the democratization of the poet was not always openly received by established poets. Guillaume Apollinaire, who served as a soldier during First World War...

Filling the Emptiness of a Stunned Inner Silence: Survivors' Memoirs of Japanese Internment Camps in Indonesia during World War II

Emery, Lindsay
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Formato: 1560785 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
War stories are so often reported with the number of victims. Statistics break down the logistics into birthplace, military versus nonmilitary, or even men versus women. With constant exposure, readers are numb to the significance of these numbers; one cannot fully grasp the fear, pain, suffering, or sadness that accompanied the over 15,000 Allied prisoners of war that died building the Burma Railroad or the six million Jews murdered by the Nazis. This desensitization results in indifference or ignorance. Perhaps what may be more impactful and memorable is to read war stories from the view and experience of the survivors. The surviving prisoners of war have memories and stories that provide insight and force the reader to feel and experience the memory; an understanding that is impossible to gain from war victim statistics. This thesis analyzes written narratives of Dutch women and children survivors of the Japanese internment camps in Indonesia during World War II in an attempt to give coherence and presence to the fragmentary existence of their experience. The fragments of these individuals exemplify the tragedy, disappointment, emotional anxiety, difficulty in articulating their story and isolation from the outside world felt by each survivor in their distinct experiences. These stories reevaluate how this experience has shaped the survivors as individuals despite the unaware...

Shifting Loyalties: World War I and the Conflicted Politics of Patriotism in the British Caribbean

Goldthree, Reena Nicole
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%

This dissertation examines how the crisis of World War I impacted imperial policy and popular claims-making in the British Caribbean. Between 1915 and 1918, tens of thousands of men from the British Caribbean volunteered to fight in World War I and nearly 16,000 men, hailing from every British colony in the region, served in the newly formed British West Indies Regiment (BWIR). Rousing appeals to imperial patriotism and manly duty during the wartime recruitment campaigns and postwar commemoration movement linked the British Empire, civilization, and Christianity while simultaneously promoting new roles for women vis-à-vis the colonial state. In Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago, the two colonies that contributed over seventy-five percent of the British Caribbean troops, discussions about the meaning of the war for black, coloured, white, East Indian, and Chinese residents sparked heated debates about the relationship among race, gender, and imperial loyalty.

To explore these debates, this dissertation foregrounds the social, cultural, and political practices of BWIR soldiers, tracing their engagements with colonial authorities, military officials, and West Indian civilians throughout the war years. It begins by reassessing the origins of the BWIR...

Deaf people and World War II

Durr, Patricia
Fonte: Deaf History International Publicador: Deaf History International
Tipo: Article; Website Formato: 144339 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
Newsletter article and website about deaf people and World War II. The website is the result of several years of gathering materials about Deaf people’s experiences related to World War II for Deaf Studies courses taught at NTID/RIT. The site focuses on three spheres of the world involved in this conflict. Deaf Americans, Deaf Europeans, and Deaf Asians people’s lives are examined before, during and after the war. It also features videotape clips and full testimonies, articles, scripts, artwork, books and links to other related sites.

War letters: A Thematic approach and comparison of military letters from World War II and the Vietnam War

Yamonaco, Jeanne
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
Letters, a form of mediated interpersonal communication, provide readers and writers the opportunity to transcend space and time. Letters can also serve as a permanent record of communicated information. The present study compares themes of selected letters written by soldiers from two wars: World War II and Vietnam. Two research questions are posed: What are the themes expressed in soldiers` letters? Is there a difference in themes that relate to the particular war fought? This study analyzed 202 letters written by military personnel from both World War II and the Vietnam War. After content analysis of the 10 most prevalent themes, no significant differences were noted between the themes of either war.

Death and Politics: The Unknown Warrior at the Center of the Political Memory of the First World War in Portugal

Correia,Sílvia
Fonte: Universidade do Porto; Brown University Publicador: Universidade do Porto; Brown University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
In George L. Mosse’s words, the modern war’s most essential experience was the mass murder endorsed by the State (1990). The extent of the conflict and its path of destruction would affect not only the combatants, but society as a whole. Going beyond the veterans’ individual or group memory, death ended up being a structural element in the construction of the political memory of the First World War. This analysis focuses not only on the impact death had on individual combatants or the soldiers as a group, but mainly on the way in which it was appropriated by society and political powers through processes specifically designed to disguise death. The aim of States was to erase the destabilizing impact that casualties had on public opinion, neutralizing it into new and old environmental and architectural structures, thereby creating a new lexicon for death. The idea was to avoid a revolt over the mass sacrifice. The government wanted to use death cult rituals to create a consensual pride in the name of the nation, an idyllic and metaphorical attempt to reevaluate death in a religious, political and ideological sense, trying to surpass the physicality of mass death on the battlefield. Taking into account the deeply funereal nature of the Great War remembrance processes in Portugal...