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Gestão de pessoas em estúdios de animação: entendendo as pequenas empresas da indústria criativa brasileira; Human resource management in animation studios: understanding Brazilian creative industry small businesses

Machado, Marta Corrêa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/11/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.01%
O propósito deste trabalho é contribuir para o entendimento da gestão de pessoas em estúdios de animação enquanto ambientes da indústria criativa brasileira. Ao realizar um estudo qualitativo em quatro estúdios de animação brasileiros, constatou-se que as práticas de gestão de pessoas nesse setor ainda são bastante incipientes, recebendo pouca atenção de seus gestores, que contam com um corpo administrativo insuficiente para atender às diversas questões associadas ao gerenciamento dos recursos humanos. Quatro dilemas fundamentais enfrentados pelos gestores desse segmento da indústria criativa vieram à tona através dos dados levantados. O primeiro deles diz respeito ao tamanho da organização. Há uma percepção por parte da maioria dos entrevistados que o crescimento ampliaria os problemas a serem gerenciados e que se manter pequeno significa também manter os problemas em número mais controlável. O segundo dilema perpassa a contraposição da imagem do artista e do empresário, sendo que a primeira parece mais valorizada que a segunda pelos entrevistados. O terceiro dilema está conectado também a essa percepção e diz respeito à opção pela dedicação exclusiva à realização de conteúdos autorais ou a prestação de serviços para terceiros em paralelo à criação de conteúdos próprios. O quarto dilema se refere à combinação harmônica entre a forte motivação intrínseca encontrada nos trabalhadores do setor e a implantação de sistemas gerenciais que alavanquem o potencial operacional dessas empresas. De certo modo...

Classificação de recursos trabalhistas: uma análise crítica da classificação decimal de direito com vistas a uma proposta metodológica de extensão

Martinez, Marisa Luvizutti Coiado
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 145 f. + anexo
POR
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35.93%
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Pós-graduação em Ciência da Informação - FFC; The organization and representation of the knowledge registered or socialized implies the usage of documentary languages, in a field that bibliographic classification systems stand in bold relief, which not only determine the physical localization of a document in an information unit but also represent the area of speciality related to the subject of the document. In the specific case of Law, the speciality and the update of these instruments become determinative, because it is a field in constant development, with a fast embodiment of new terms in the speciality area. In the specific case of Brazil, there is the Law Decimal Classification, which not even in its more recent edition (2002) foresee specific subdivision of labor law procedures. This is what generates the impossibility of the representation of the subjects of this juridical sphere, especially in working resources stance, which have a great thematic specificity and intense documentary production. In this way, we tried to make a comparison between the labor law procedures area (by the identification and act hierarchizing of its terms according to Brazilian doctrine) and the conceptual and notational structure of Law Decimal Classification...

Enterprise Resource Planning nas Instituições de Ensino não Superior : um estudo empírico

Loureiro, Joaquim Alexandre Borges Teófilo
Fonte: Universidade Católica Portuguesa Publicador: Universidade Católica Portuguesa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 25/11/2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.98%
Os avanços das tecnologias e dos sistemas de informação promoveram novas formas de gestão, ao nível do planeamento, controlo e tomada de decisões, para as or-ganizações. Neste contexto, os sistemas ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) surgem como uma oportunidade para os gestores conduzirem as suas organizações mais eficien-temente, uma vez que permitem interligar diferentes departamentos de forma mais eficaz, melhorar a informação que existe dentro das organizações e agilizar o processo de gestão. Estes sistemas são cada vez mais comuns nas organizações industriais e de serviços, e a sua aplicação nas instituições de ensino deve ser equacionada pela mais-valia que poderá oferecer-lhes. Esta investigação centra-se no estudo de caso de três instituições de ensino não superior que implementaram sistemas ERP, com o objetivo de analisar as motivações, os impactos, as dificuldades enfrentadas e os fatores críticos de sucesso no que diz res-peito à sua implementação. A metodologia utilizada foi a de estudos de casos múltiplos e baseou-se na recolha direta de dados através da observação, análise documental e rea-lização de entrevistas. O estudo permitiu constatar que as motivações que levam as instituições de en-sino a adoptar o sistema ERP são alcançadas com a sua implementação...

The Genexpress IMAGE Knowledge Base of the Human Muscle Transcriptome: A Resource of Structural, Functional, and Positional Candidate Genes for Muscle Physiology and Pathologies

Piétu, Geneviève; Eveno, Eric; Soury-Segurens, Béatrice; Fayein, Nicole-Adeline; Mariage-Samson, Régine; Matingou, Christiane; Leroy, Elisabeth; Dechesne, Claude; Krieger, Sabine; Ansorge, Wilhelm; Reguigne-Arnould, Isabelle; Cox, David; Dehejia, Anin
Fonte: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press Publicador: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1999 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.93%
Sequence, gene mapping, and expression data corresponding to 910 genes transcribed in human skeletal muscle have been integrated to form the muscle module of the Genexpress IMAGE Knowledge Base. Based on cDNA array hybridization, a set of 14 transcripts preferentially or specifically expressed in muscle have been selected and characterized in more detail: Their pattern of expression was confirmed by Northern blot analysis; their structure was further characterized by full-insert cDNA sequencing and cDNA extension; the map location of the corresponding genes was refined by radiation hybrid mapping. Five of the 14 selected genes appear as interesting positional and functional candidate genes to study in relation with muscle physiology and/or specific orphan muscular pathologies. One example is discussed in more detail. The expression profiling data and the associated Genexpress Index2 entries for the 910 genes and the detailed characterization of the 14 selected transcripts are available from a dedicated Web server at http://idefix.upr420.vjf.cnrs.fr/IMAGE/Page_unique/welcome_muscles.html. The database has been organized to provide the users with a working space where they can find curated, annotated, integrated data for their genes of interest. Different navigation routes to exploit the resource are discussed.

Data Resource Profile: Pathways to Health and Social Equity for Children (PATHS Equity for Children)

Nickel, Nathan C; Chateau, Dan G; Martens, Patricia J; Brownell, Marni D; Katz, Alan; Burland, Elaine MJ; Walld, Randy; Hu, Mingming; Taylor, Carole R; Sarkar, Joykrishna; Goh, Chun Yan;
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.03%
The PATHS Data Resource is a unique database comprising data that follow individuals from the prenatal period to adulthood. The PATHS Resource was developed for conducting longitudinal epidemiological research into child health and health equity. It contains individual-level data on health, socioeconomic status, social services and education. Individuals’ data are linkable across these domains, allowing researchers to follow children through childhood and across a variety of sectors. PATHS includes nearly all individuals that were born between 1984 and 2012 and registered with Manitoba’s universal health insurance programme at some point during childhood. All PATHS data are anonymized. Key concepts, definitions and algorithms necessary to work with the PATHS Resource are freely accessible online and an interactive forum is available to new researchers working with these data. The PATHS Resource is one of the richest and most complete databases assembled for conducting longitudinal epidemiological research, incorporating many variables that address the social determinants of health and health equity. Interested researchers are encouraged to contact [mchp_access@cpe.umanitoba.ca] to obtain access to PATHS to use in their own programmes of research.

Electronic Resource Management Systems, Part II: Offerings from Serial Vendors and Serial Data Vendors

Duranceau, Ellen
Fonte: Against the Grain Publicador: Against the Grain
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 87040 bytes; 87040 bytes; application/msword; application/msword
EN_US
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35.98%
In the September 2004 issue, I reported on the Electronic Resource Management (ERM) offerings of the major ILS vendors, and promised to follow with a second article covering the ERM tools offered by other kinds of companies, primarily serials vendors or serial data vendors. This is the promised part two. Together, the articles attempt to provide an overview of the ERM market, describing what products and services are currently available to libraries seeking systems and tools to help them manage electronic resources. Libraries who want support for the full life cycle of electronic resource management from selection through purchase, access, license management, and renewal or cancellation, have had the option of building their own systems, as many (such as Boston College and Harvard University, just in the last year) continue to do. Other libraries have purchased the Innovative Interfaces ERM system which has been on the market for more than a year, or have signed on to be beta testers of one of the new ILS-provider offerings, such as ExLibris’ Verde, which is expected to be available for sale in the summer of 2005. Still other libraries are working with data and support services offered by their serial vendors or other companies...

Human resource management in the PMO

Kelly, David
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis (taught); all_ul_research; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
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36.11%
non-peer-reviewed; The purpose of this research is to provide an analysis of Human Resource Management policy and practice in the Project Management Office, a project orientated context that often leads in the implementation of organisational change and the development of change capability within the Irish insurance industry. This research was in the form of a case study and draws on information gathered from 14 semi structured interviews conducted amongst project professionals who work in this PMO setting. The interviewees range from project team members to project directors and senior managers who often act in the role of project sponsor. Human Resource Management is a core process of the firm however studies of its application in the project orientated context have been described as rudimentary in nature. What has been studied has highlighted the challenges traditional HRM theory and practice present for firms who adopt projects as their principle form of working. This research has drawn attention to the difficulties experienced in the PMO setting in the enactment of HRM policy that is more suited to the organisations routine processes. Of particular note in this study was the need for the organisations recruitment...

Using Resource Profiles to Guide Allocation and Purchasing Decisions

Anell, Anders
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.01%
The provision of health care involves combining a considerable number of resource inputs to deliver a mix of services that will satisfy overall objectives. In theory, this sounds simple. For a number of reasons, however, allocating actual health care resources is challenging and imbalances seem to be the rule rather than the exception. This paper presents a simple framework for comparing resource profiles for a selection of low- and middle-income countries. The main purpose is to illustrate the importance of a multidimensional approach for the measurement and monitoring of health care resources that includes measurement of real resources, e.g. personnel, equipment and facilities, to supplement traditional expenditure figures. Data have been compiled for two groups of countries. Burkina Faso, Malawi, Mali, Niger and Tanzania comprise a set of low-income African countries. The Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala and Peru comprise a set of middle-income Latin American countries. A multidimensional approach for the measurement and monitoring of health care resources may supplement expenditure reviews such as National Health Accounts (NHAs) and thereby highlight important linkages between expenditures and the management of real resources.

The Varieties of Resource Experience : Natural Resource Export Structures and the Political Economy of Economic Growth

Isham, Jonathan; Woolcock, Michael; Pritchett, Lant; Busby, Gwen
Fonte: Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the World Bank Publicador: Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the World Bank
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.01%
Many oil, mineral, and plantation crop-based economies experienced a substantial deceleration in growth following the commodity boom and bust of the 1970s and early 1980s. This article illustrates how countries dependent on point source natural resources (those extracted from a narrow geographic or economic base, such as oil and minerals) and plantation crops are predisposed to heightened economic and social divisions and weakened institutional capacity. This in turn impedes their ability to respond effectively to shocks, which previous studies have shown to be essential for sustaining rising levels of prosperity. Analysis of data on classifications of export structure, controlling for a wide array of other potential determinants of governance, shows that point source and coffee and cocoa exporting countries do relatively poorly across an array of governance indicators. These governance effects are not associated simply with being a natural resource exporter. Countries with natural resource exports that are diffuse relying primarily on livestock and agricultural produce from small family farms do not show the same strong effects and have had more robust growth recoveries.

Mainstreaming resource conservation: the Fiji Locally Managed Marine Area Network and its influence on National Policy Development

Veitayaki, Joeli; Aalbersberg, Bill; Tawake, Alifereti; Rupeni, Etika; Tabunakawai, Kesaia
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 245654 bytes; 354 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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46.05%
The experience of the Fiji Locally Managed Marine Areas (FLMMA) network provides an illustration of how to mainstream community-based resource management practices that began with local communities, and were in-turn supported by a Government which has witnessed the success of community-based intervention. To improve the success of conservation in the communities and attract attention to its approach, FLMMA formed a learning portfolio. This is a network of projects that use a common strategy to achieve a common end and agree to work together to collect, test and communicate information about the conditions under which the strategy works, to enable the partners to exchange ideas and experiences. The learning portfolio enhances collaboration and also ensures that lessons learnt are shared widely with people in the network. FLMMA is working to increase the effectiveness of conservation and to ensure that the involvement of people in the management of their marine resources is both satisfying and meaningful. Modern science is an important part of the FLMMA approach because it is used to demonstrate the effects of the use of traditional resource management practices. Using simple biological, social, and economic monitoring methods, the villagers are collecting impressive results on resources and habitat recovery and the associated social and economic improvements in living conditions. The objectives of improving conservation to protect biodiversity and improve people’s living conditions are important features of the kind of community-based resource conservation that is now being undertaken in the Pacific and Asia region. The objectives are also consistent with national policies for inshore fisheries development and global concerns about poverty alleviation. The success of community-based conservation in different parts of Fiji has resulted in long-term support from the communities. It has also facilitated the articulation of Government fisheries development policies. The Government has set up a new conservation unit and has formalised its support...

The Nature of Working Memory in Aphasia

Mayer, Jamie F.
Fonte: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University Publicador: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University
Tipo: Doctoral Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.97%
Thesis (PhD) - Indiana University, Speech and Hearing, 2007; It is well known that many adults with aphasia demonstrate concomitant deficits in higher-level cognitive functions, including attention, executive function, and short-term and working memory. This has led to two premises: (a) the domain-specific hypothesis, in which aphasia is associated with additional cognitive deficits only to the extent that these are dependent upon language; and (b) the domain-general hypothesis, in which aphasia is associated with nonlinguistic cognitive impairments as a consequence of either overlapping anatomy or widespread cortical changes post-insult. The purpose of this research was to disentangle these competing hypotheses with regards to working memory (WM) in adults with aphasia. Like other categories of cognitive impairment in this patient group, past research has identified but failed to elucidate WM impairments in aphasic language processing. Toward this end, 15 adults with left-hemisphere damage and aphasia (LHD) and 12 non-brain-damaged controls (NBD) completed a parametric WM task with systematic variation of psycholinguistic complexity (high-frequency, low-frequency, or non-nameable stimuli) and WM load (0-, 1-, and 2-back). Data were analyzed with respect to the differential impact of these variables within and across subjects and groups. Whereas expected effects of word frequency were elicited in stimulus confrontation naming...

Working Memory in the Junior/Intermediate Classroom

Haynes, Kathryn
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.33%
This research project explored the connection between working memory and children’s learning. The project created a resource titled Working Memory Strategies for the Junior/ Intermediate Educator: A Handbook based on a literature review, the deconstruction of theoretical and empirical studies, teacher resources, and findings from a needs assessment completed by teachers that together show there is insufficient support for teachers working with students who have deficits in working memory along with other common classroom learning disabilities. As learning disabilities become more common in the classroom that increasingly affect working memory in a majority of cases, teachers must be prepared not only to address specific symptoms of the conditions, but also to help students learn how to navigate and become aware of their working memory ability. The handbook thus was developed as a useful resource for teachers looking to expand their knowledge about how learning occurs. A needs assessment completed by junior and intermediate division teachers in Ontario helped determine what educators found most important for inclusion in the handbook, and the same teachers were offered the opportunity to review the completed handbook. Teacher participants provided constructive feedback and indicated that the handbook would be a valuable resource for them and their colleagues when working with students who have working memory issues. It was suggested that the handbook would be useful when creating students’ Individual Education Plans and that the assessment checklist included in the handbook would be an excellent resource for teachers collecting data regarding students’ working memory and ability to learn.

Identifying and Working with Beneficiaries When Rights Are Unclear : Insights for REDD+ Initiatives

Bruce, John
Fonte: Program on Forests (PROFOR), Washington, DC Publicador: Program on Forests (PROFOR), Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Energy-Environment Review
ENGLISH; EN_US
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36%
Expert statements indicate that annually approximately 20 billion dollars will be needed to prevent 90 percent deforestation in tropical countries. Development practitioners are eager to see the benefits from REDD plus initiatives shared with local partners. Equally important to understanding how local partners might benefit are questions such as, who should derive benefits from REDD plus initiatives, and how to ensure these initiatives reach the affected households, individuals, communities, companies, and government units. Getting benefit-sharing rights is fundamental, as it will determine how REDD plus initiatives serve a broader development agenda and prevent them from centralizing decision making and enabling elite capture. This paper examines how to address this challenge by adopting a legal pluralism framework and discussing the potential role of legal instruments such as contracts. While the analysis focuses largely on REDD plus activities that involve land, forests, and carbon sequestration, many of the principles suggested are applicable in a broad sense to REDD plus projects dealing with energy and other matters. This paper explores the substantive legal issues and procedural options for identifying beneficiaries in such contexts and ways of working with them despite the legal uncertainty. It gives considerable attention to process...

Parallel Systems and Human Resource Management in India's Public Health Services : A View from the Front Lines

La Forgia, Gerard; Raha, Shomikho; Shaik, Shabbeer; Maheshwari, Sunil Kumar; Ali, Rabia
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.18%
There is building evidence in India that the delivery of health services suffers from an actual shortfall in trained health professionals, but also from unsatisfactory results of existing service providers working in the public and private sectors. This study focusses on the public sector and examines de facto institutional and governance arrangements that may give rise to well-documented provider behaviors such as absenteeism, which can adversely affect service delivery processes and outcomes. The paper considers four human resource management subsystems: postings, transfers, promotions, and disciplinary practices. The four subsystems are analyzed from the perspective of front line workers, that is, physicians working in rural health care facilities operated by two state governments. Physicians were sampled in one post-reform state that has instituted human resource management reforms and one pre-reform state that has not. The findings are based on quantitative and qualitative measurement. The results show that formal rules are undermined by a parallel modus operandi in which desirable posts are often determined by political connections and side payments. The evidence suggests an institutional environment in which formal rules of accountability are trumped by a parallel set of accountabilities. These systems appear so entrenched that reforms have borne no significant effect.

How Should Donors Respond to Resource Windfalls in Poor Countries? From Aid to Insurance

Dobronogov, Anton; Gelb, Alan; Brant Saldanha, Fernando
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.05%
Natural resources are being discovered in more countries, both rich and poor. Many of the new and aspiring resource exporters are low-income countries that are still receiving substantial levels of foreign aid. Resource discoveries open up enormous opportunities, but also expose producing countries to huge trade and fiscal shocks from volatile commodity markets if their exports are highly concentrated. A large literature on the "resource curse" shows that these are damaging unless countries manage to cushion the effects through countercyclical policy. It also shows that the countries least likely to do so successfully are those with weaker institutions, and these are most likely to remain as clients of the aid system. This paper considers the question of how donors should respond to their clients' potential windfalls. It discusses several ways in which the focus and nature of foreign aid programs will need to change, including the level of financial assistance. The paper develops some ideas on how a donor like the International Development Association might structure its program of financial transfers to mitigate volatility. The paper outlines ways in which the International Development Association could use hedging instruments to vary disbursements while still working within a framework of country allocations that are not contingent on oil prices. Simulations suggest that the International Development Association could be structured to provide a larger degree of insurance if it is calibrated to hedge against large declines in resource prices. These suggestions are intended to complement other mechanisms...

Working Long Hours and Having No Choice : Time Poverty in Guinea

Bardasi, Elena; Wodon, Quentin
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
This paper provides a new definition of 'time poverty' as working long hours and having no choice to do otherwise. An individual is time poor if he/she is working long hours and is also monetary poor, or would fall into monetary poverty if he/she were to reduce his/her working hours below a given time poverty line. Thus being time poor results from the combination of two conditions. First, the individual does not have enough time for rest and leisure once all working hours (whether spent in the labor market or doing household chores such as cooking, and fetching water and wood) are accounted for. Second, the individual cannot reduce his/her working time without either increasing the level of poverty of his/her household (if the household is already poor) or leading his/her household to fall into monetary poverty due to the loss in income or consumption associated with the reduction in working time (if the household is not originally poor). The paper applies the concepts of the traditional poverty literature to the analysis of time poverty and presents a case study using data for Guinea in 2002-03. Both univariate and multivariate results suggest that women are significantly more likely to be time poor than men.

10 Years of Experience in Carbon Finance : Insights from Working with the Kyoto Mechanisms

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.97%
Under the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the industrialized countries adopted quantified emission reductions obligations. Marking the 10th anniversary of the establishment of the World Bank Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF) the world's first global carbon fund, this report seeks to take stock of the World Bank's experience of working with the Kyoto Protocol's project-based mechanisms over the past decade. The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), as the much larger system in terms of projects, emission reductions and host countries, is the basis for much of the report's discussion. Joint Implementation (JI) is also discussed. Policy-makers and negotiators are working on advancing the policy framework and the regulatory structures to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHGs) at greater scale. Furthering the use of market instruments should incorporate the lessons of the past into future designs, making full use of the experience and learning that has been gained. This will mean building upon the successes of the current CDM and JI regulatory frameworks...

Finding Balance: Determining The Relationship Between “Economic Development," Traditional Knowledge and Natural Resource Management in the Context of the Nova Scotia Mi’kmaq

WHITMAN, ZABRINA
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.01%
Indigenous societies discuss the importance of Mother Earth for their well-being and many are working to regain control of their lands and waters and how they are used. Critically, many state that land access strengthens culture and traditional (ecological) knowledge. In this research I tried to determine if the reality reflects the rhetoric, looking particularly at how the concepts of economic development and traditional knowledge interact with each other, and impact Indigenous resource management. The case study focused on the Nova Scotia Mi’kmaq, examining the process of management implementation at a macro level. Sixteen semi-structured interviews took place in nine of thirteen communities. The results illustrated that economic development is necessary for Mi’kmaq sustainability and community sustenance, but also economic development is a needed political tool to gain power with the state. Further, traditional knowledge is connected to land management. With the loss of this knowledge due to colonialism and a greater influence of mainstream western liberal thought, respect for the land is reduced and this impacts Indigenous resource management practices. These factors also negatively impact relations between individuals and within the community as a whole. For true (Mi’kmaq) sustainability...

Uma solução para o desenvolvimento de aplicações distribuídas visando o gerenciamento automático de recursos no cenário de computação em nuvem.; A solution for distributed applications and services development aiming to automatic resource management in cloud computing.

Goya, Walter Akio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/10/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.14%
Na segunda metade dos anos 2000, foram desenvolvidos projetos de pesquisa para o desenvolvimento de plataformas visando facilitar a criação de aplicativos para o ambiente de nuvem. A partir de estudos sobre as soluções de elasticidade para nuvens de computação desenvolvidas, observou-se a concentração de soluções de elasticidade com foco no gerenciamento de recursos de processamento e armazenamento para aplicações do tipo cliente-servidor. Porém, no caso das aplicações de distribuição de conteúdo, os recursos de rede que são limitados e também devem ser gerenciados de forma a evitar desperdícios. Devido a estas características, é interessante o desenvolvimento de uma plataforma aberta para a criação de aplicações distribuídas que auxiliem o gerenciamento de recursos e elasticidade no contexto de computação em nuvem. Esta dissertação apresenta o Trade Wind, uma solução que permite o desenvolvimento de aplicações e serviços distribuídos para o gerenciamento automático de recursos e elasticidade em nuvens de computação. A solução é composta por um modelo de desenvolvimento de soluções elásticas, um modelo de composição de aplicações a partir da implementação de funcionalidades e serviços...

IVOA Recommendation: Resource Metadata for the Virtual Observatory Version 1.12

Hanisch, Robert; Group, the IVOA Resource Registry Working; Group, the NVO Metadata Working
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 03/10/2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.07%
An essential capability of the Virtual Observatory is a means for describing what data and computational facilities are available where, and once identified, how to use them. The data themselves have associated metadata (e.g., FITS keywords), and similarly we require metadata about data collections and data services so that VO users can easily find information of interest. Furthermore, such metadata are needed in order to manage distributed queries efficiently; if a user is interested in finding x-ray images there is no point in querying the HST archive, for example. In this document we suggest an architecture for resource and service metadata and describe the relationship of this architecture to emerging Web Services standards. We also define an initial set of metadata concepts.