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Enhancing the Role of Women in Water User Associations in Azerbaijan

Merkle, R.; Meerbach, D.; Akhmedova, A.; Bagirzadeh, M.; Dideron, S.; Javazadeh, L.; Rustamova, S.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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65.61%
The purpose of this report on enhancing the role of women in water user associations in Azerbaijan is to provide guidance for mainstreaming gender in irrigation management projects in Azerbaijan and in the wider Caucasus and Central Asian regions in order to foster efficient and equitable development in irrigation management. The paper is divided in three chapters. Chapter one sets the background relating the themes of gender to water users associations (WUAs) and irrigation agriculture. It provides both the general sector background as well as an introduction of the overall study and research that was undertaken at the end of Irrigation Distribution System and Management Improvement Project (IDSMIP). Chapter two provides the informative basis for enhancing the role of women in irrigation management. It analyses and discusses the role of men and women in irrigation agriculture in Azerbaijan by synthesizing the findings of the gender survey. Chapter three provides lessons for WUAs in Azerbaijan on how to promote gender equity and for World Bank projects on how to operationalize gender mainstreaming in irrigation agriculture in the country. It also provides guidance in establishing an enabling environment that will foster gender equity in similar irrigation sector programs in the wider Caucasus and Central Asian region.

African women in development

Jeffalyn Johnson & Associates; United States -- Agency for International Development
Fonte: Jeffalyn Johnson and Associates; Jeffalyn Johnson and Associates ( Falls Church Va ) Publicador: Jeffalyn Johnson and Associates; Jeffalyn Johnson and Associates ( Falls Church Va )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 130 p. in various pagings : ; 29 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
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At head of title: U.S. Department of State. Agency for International Development.

Access of rural girls to primary education in the Third World

Safilios-Rothschild, Constantina, 1934-; United States -- International Development Cooperation Agency; United States -- Agency for International Development. -- Office of Women in Development
Fonte: Agency for International Development :; Distributed by Office of Women in Development, Agency for International Development, International Development Cooperation Agency; Agency for International Development : ( Washington D.C ); Distributed by Office of Women in Development, Agency for International Development, International Development Cooperation Agency Publicador: Agency for International Development :; Distributed by Office of Women in Development, Agency for International Development, International Development Cooperation Agency; Agency for International Development : ( Washington D.C ); Distributed by Office of Women in Development, Agency for International Development, International Development Cooperation Agency
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 34 p. : ; 28 cm.
Publicado em // ENGLISH
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(Bibliography) Includes bibliographical references (p. 28-34).; (Statement of Responsibility) Constantina Safilios-Rothschild.; "October 1979."

Putting Gender on the Agenda: Engaging Women in Development in Burma

Thwaites, Alice
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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Gender equality has become a key development objective over recent decades, and in Burma the discussion around gender equality is quickly developing. Burma is one of the poorest countries in the world, suffering from decades of military rule, ethnic conflict and economic stagnation. Women in Burma are in a particularly difficult situation, where they are often the poorest of the poor, but where they don't have the leadership and decision-making opportunities to do anything about it. Indeed gender norms in Burma dictate that women are inferior and that they are unable to participate fully in public life. Whilst the Burmese government is signatory to such international agreements as the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women, the Beijing Platform for Action, and the Millennium Development goals, they are still sidelining issues of gender equality and the military governance structure excludes women from many roles in governance and public life. However the situation in Burma is slowly beginning to change, particularly since the 2010 election, which went some way to separating military and government. There are now a number of women in parliament, including democracy advocate Aung San Suu Kyi, who was previously imprisoned by the government due to her beliefs. The first female cabinet minister in 60 years has recently been appointed and there are a number of female deputy ministers...

Women in development in the South Pacific: barriers and opportunities: papers presented at a conference held in Vanuatu from 11 to 14 August 1984

Development Studies Centre, The Australian National University
Fonte: Development Studies Centre, The Australian National University Publicador: Development Studies Centre, The Australian National University
Tipo: Livro
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In the slowly modernizing countries of the Pacific there is a growing awareness that, unless resources are used more efficiently and growth accelerated, ‘primitive affluence’ could become modern poverty. In the maintenance of living standards in the Pacific, and in the development process, women have a disproportionately onerous role, and receive but a small share of the benefits. In the law, the field of education, in the traditional economy, in business and in politics, women have low status – reflecting both their traditional cultures and the roles thrust on them by Western influences. Small countries cannot afford to ignore the resources of any section of the community, let alone half the population. The contributors to this set of conference papers review aspects of the current situation in the Pacific island nations and provide some policy guidelines for the future.

Targeting Women in a Community-Driven Development Project : Uncovering Gender Roles in the FADAMA Agriculture Project in Nigeria

Porter, Raewyn; Zovighian, Diane
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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How does local context affect the targeting and selection of women in community-driven development (CDD) projects? This note explores how local social and economic structures shape the inclusion of female farmers in a CDD agricultural project in Nigeria known as the Fadama project. This story is specific to the cultural context of the southwest of Nigeria. However, it also considers the effects of embedding targeting and selection mechanisms in any local structure, as it illustrates how gender relations and socio-economic stratification affect a project's outreach to different categories of women. This note is based on broader research exploring the performance and empowerment of female farmers in of the South West of Nigeria under the World-Bank supported Fadama project. The Fadama project aims to reduce rural poverty and increase food security. Beneficiaries are organized in Fadama Farmer User Groups (FUGs), and the project facilitates their access to financial and technical resources through matching grant arrangments. In 2013 additional financing to extend the Fadama project has provided an opportunity to incorporate in the project design new interventions to improve the targeting of female farmers. These interventions include the development and testing of information and communications strategies targeting poor or more excluded female farmers as well as a series of discreet pilots (e.g. financial literacy...

Empowering Women in Irrigation Management : The Sierra in Peru

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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This report tells the story of a gender pilot that was carried out in water users' organizations for irrigated agriculture in the Peruvian highlands or Sierra region. It was designed upon the request of Peru's ministry of agriculture, with the objective to strengthen the role of women in water management and to improve their condition as agricultural producers. At first, a gender diagnostic was carried out to better understand the different barriers that hinder the attendance and thus equality of participation of women in trainings and meetings. After this diagnostic, a discussion followed about the importance for a community of including women in water management. In response to these diagnostics and subsequent discussions, the water users resolved to set specific targets for becoming more inclusive organizations, and shaped the content and timing of their activities to allow a greater number of women to participate. The pilot, carried out between 2007 and 2009, improved women s technical skills, self-esteem and position in the water users organizations...

Gender Issues in Participation

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
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The full participation of both men and women in policymaking, in economic and sectoral analysis, and in project design and management, may be impeded by cultural and legal constraints which limit women ' s participation and by women ' s relative lack of time and mobility due to their workload and multiple roles. If participatory development is to benefit from women ' s contributions, and meet the particular needs of women, a range of strategic and practical measures must be taken to overcome these barriers.

Gender-Sensitive Approaches for the Extractive Industry in Peru : Improving the Impact on Women in Poverty and Their Families - Guide for Improving Practice

Ward, Bernie; Strongman, John; Eftimie, Adriana; Heller, Katherine
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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In the companion report to this guide, gender-sensitive approaches to the extractive industry in Peru: improving impacts on women in poverty and their families, ward and strongman present solid, evidence-based arguments leading to the conclusion that Extractive Industry (EI) companies could significantly improve their sustainable development impact on women and families by making some practical and simple changes in their working practices. The report also provides extensive evidence of weaknesses in company and government policies and practices that contribute to a previously under recognized issue: men are capturing more of the benefits of EI projects, which are not necessarily reaching the wider family; while women and children experience more of the risks that arise from EI projects.

Women in Vanuatu : Analyzing Challenges to Economic Participation

Bowman, Chakriya; Cutura, Jozefina; Ellis, Amanda; Manuel, Clare
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
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Women's contributions to poverty reduction, economic growth, and private sector development are increasingly recognized globally. A growing amount of research demonstrates the link between women's empowerment and societal well-being. Yet research also indicates that woman's economic contributions continue to lag behind their achievements in health and education, and a variety of barriers still prevent women in many parts of the world from fully contributing to the economy. Women in Vanuatu: analyzing challenges to economic participation is a step toward filling this gap, spurred by the growing recognition in Vanuatu and the broader pacific region of the need to better address gender inequalities. The publication presents a comprehensive analysis of institutional, legal, and regulatory barriers to women's full economic participation in Vanuatu and proposes measures to address these to ensure a level playing field for both women and men. This work has been a collaborative effort between Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) and the World Bank's Gender Group...

Integrating Gender in Energy Provision Case Study of Bangladesh

Berthaud, Alexandre; Delescluse, Aude; Deligiorgis, Dina; Kumar, Kabir; Mane, Sunanda; Miyamoto, Satoshi; Ofosu-Amaah, Waafas; Storm, Lara; Yee, Myla
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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Energy sector projects and women's empowerment are crucial to poverty reduction efforts, sustainable development, and achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Energy-related issues are often assumed to be gender neutral. However, energy scarcity can have disproportionately negative effects on women in the developing world. A large proportion of the world's poorest are women, and approximately 70 percent of the energy sources in developing countries come from biomass fuels, which are overwhelmingly the responsibility of women. Historically, this link has not been acknowledged in energy planning and projects, whether governmental or nongovernmental. Similarly, energy as a crucial input to other sectors, such as agriculture, has a myriad of implications when analyzed through a gendered lens with respect to specific times and places. Approaching energy planning in a manner that accounts for changing gender relations can do much to transform the situation of women and their relations to men.

Gender and Economic Growth in Kenya : Unleashing the Power of Women

Ellis, Amanda; Cutura, Jozefina; Dione, Nouma; Gillson, Ian; Manuel, Clare; Thongori, Judy
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
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This report examines the legal, administrative, and regulatory barriers that are preventing women in Kenya from contributing fully to the Kenyan economy. Building on the 2004 Foreign Investment and Advisory Service (FIAS) report, "Improving the Commercial Legal Framework and Removing Administrative and Regulatory Barriers to Investment," this study looks at the bureaucratic barriers facing women in Kenya through a gender lens. The report makes specific recommendations to address gender-related barriers in the context of ongoing government and donor initiatives to encourage private sector development as the key driver of poverty reduction and economic growth, in line with Kenya's Economic Recovery Strategy for Wealth and Employment Creation 2003-2007 (ERS). Addressing these constraints will not only allow women to make a full contribution to the economy but also improve their livelihoods and those of their families and help create a more enabling environment for all businesses in Kenya.

The Other Half of Gender : Men's Issues in Development

Bannon, Ian; Correia, Maria C.
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
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This book is an attempt to bring the gender and development debate full circle-from a much-needed focus on empowering women to a more comprehensive gender framework that considers gender as a system that affects both women and men. The chapters in this book explore definitions of masculinity and male identities in a variety of social contexts, drawing from experiences in Latin America, the Caribbean and sub-Saharan Africa. It draws on a slowly emerging realization that attaining the vision of gender equality will be difficult, if not impossible, without changing the ways in which masculinities are defined and acted upon. Although changing male gender norms will be a difficult and slow process, we must begin by understanding how versions of masculinities are defined and acted upon.

Tanzania : Women in the Mining Sector; Tanzanie: les femmes dans le secteur minier

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
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The Government of Tanzania has, in recent years, focused on revitalizing its mining sector in order to attract foreign investment, with the goal of raising its contribution to Tanzania's Gross Domestic Product. With the support from the World Bank through the Mineral Sector Development Project (MSDP), the legal and fiscal regimes were revised and an environmental framework was put in place. As the growth of the small scale mining sub-sector continues, so do the challenges. This Notes discusses the obstacles faced by Tanzanian women and introduces the work of a women's nongovernmental organization -- Tanzania Women Miners Association (TAWOMA).

Integrating Gender into Extension Services : Rural Women in the Sahel; Prise en compte de la problematique hommes-femmes dans les services de vulgarisation agricole : les femmes rurales dans le Sahel

Spurling, Daphne
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
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Selected study findings on rural women's economic activities, with implications, lessons learnt and recommendations for extension services were presented in findings no. 46, August 1995. To reiterate, the sector study, rural women in the Sahel and their access to agricultural extension, overview of five country studies, covers Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Senegal and The Gambia. This present issue focuses on lessons learnt about incorporating gender issues in agricultural extension services.

Rural Women and Agricultural Extension in the Sahel; Les femmes rurales et la vulgarisation agricole dans le Sahel

Spurling, Daphne
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.6%
Women play a pivotal role in agriculture in the Sahel. In Burkina Faso and Mali, for example, an estimated 93 percent and 78 percent respectively of active women work in agriculture. High levels of rural poverty coupled with a fragile agro-ecological environment make the contribution of women's productive activities to the household and community a crucial element in the survival of the rural population. As patterns of production change and men migrate in search of work, the labor input of women is increasing. Yet only about one participant in five in extension activities in the region is a woman. In all the Sahelian countries, the agricultural service projects funded by the International Development Association (IDA) focused initially on establishing national programs based on Training and Visit (T&V) management principles. With the second generation of these projects coming on line, increased knowledge and systematic documentation of the current and changing roles of women in agricultural production were necessary to improve the targeting of project activities.

Beyond «helping» or «not caring about» them: Teaching women in developing countries at an american university

Santos,Cecília MacDowell
Fonte: Associação Portuguesa de Estudos sobre as Mulheres - APEM Publicador: Associação Portuguesa de Estudos sobre as Mulheres - APEM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
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This essay is a reflection on the challenges for internationalizing the Women’s Studies curriculum in the United States. It draws on my experience teaching «Women in Developing Countries» at the University of San Francisco, a Jesuit university with the stated mission of promoting social justice from a global perspective. One of the major challenges facing this type of course is the risk of reinforcing ethnocentrism and essentialism by reproducing what Chandra Mohanty calls the «Third World difference». Building on Mohanty’s call for a«noncolonizing feminist solidarity across borders» and using Peter Waterman’s typology of forms of solidarity, the essay discusses students’ approaches to «women in developing countries» and the forms of solidarity assumed or implicitly promoted by the theories on women/gender and development/globalization covered in the course.

Progress in implementing the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act 28 of 2002 (MPRDA) provisions for the employment of women in mining

Botha,C.; Fourie,J.D.; Botha,D.; Bischoff,C
Fonte: Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Publicador: Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2012 EN
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The South African democratically-elected government instituted policies and legislation that are intended to bring about change and transformation in the country and have drastically affected different industries, among others, the mining industry. The Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act 28 of 2002 (MPRDA) and the Broad-based Socio-economic Empowerment Charter (Mining Charter) were introduced in order to redress previous inequalities and to promote women's employment in the mining industry. This research evaluates the practical implementation of the MPRDA and the Mining Charter with specific reference to women in underground mining. A quantitative research paradigm was used. Data were collected through a process of a face-to-face interview surveys utilizing a structured questionnaire. The research setting was limited to the platinum-mining industry in the area of Rustenburg in the North West Province. The study population consisted of 195 available women working undergound at the mine. It is clear from the findings that mining companies are facing major challenges in their attempt to incorporate women in underground mining activities. Company policies regarding these issues must be firmly in place; however, the challenge lies in the translation of these policies into practice. In this regard...

An investigation into the level of empowerment of rural women in the Zululand district of KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa

Bhengu,BR
Fonte: Curationis Publicador: Curationis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
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The aim of the study was to evaluate the outcome of the empowerment of rural women in relation to gender issues, power, and communication within the Zululand District of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa after implementation of a four-year Primary Health Care project in partnership with the Provincial Department of Health, and two Schools of Nursing at the University of KwaZulu-Natal and McMaster University in Canada. This project is based on substantial evidence which reveals that rural women are being neglected to the extent that these women have missed out on opportunities for development. The reasons for this disempowerment of women, particularly rural women, are thought to be due to the feminisation of p'overty, as well as femalesubmission, educational deprivation, privacy of domestic violence, exploitation, domination by men and cultural oppression (patriarchy). A qualitative research approach was used. Focus group discussion was utilised as the data collection technique, and this was also applied during the collection of baseline data. An interview guide covered issues of concern in the communities and households, including what the women would, or had done about these, how they engaged in decision-making in their families, how they handled situations when there was a difference of opinion...

The physical ability of women in mining: Can they show muscle?

Botha,D.; Cronjé,J.F.
Fonte: Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Publicador: Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2015 EN
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Although women all over the world have been involved in mining activities for centuries, mining has always been considered a very masculine industry due to its heavily male-dominated workforce as well as the physicality of mining work. The mining industry has not been an obvious career choice and preferred place of employment for women; women were mainly employed in administrative and advisory positions. Until 1994, women were legislatively prohibited from being employed in underground operations in South Africa, but the Mines Health and Safety Act, No. 29 of 1996, removed these restrictions. In addition, new mining legislation (the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act, No. 28 of 2002) and the accompanying Mining Charter make specific provisions for the inclusion of women in core mining activities and require 10% of core positions to be filled by women. This article voices perceptions of the physical ability of women employed in core mining positions. Findings are drawn from empirical work undertaken at platinum, phosphate, and copper mines. Quantitative and qualitative research paradigms are used. It is evident that women find it extremely difficult to perform mine work that requires physical strength and stamina. Practical recommendations...