Página 1 dos resultados de 4751 itens digitais encontrados em 0.017 segundos

An Introduction to Global Women’s Health

Nour, Nawal M
Fonte: MedReviews, LLC Publicador: MedReviews, LLC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
Sex-based health disparities are evident throughout the world; however, nowhere are these disparities greater than in resource-poor countries. Women in developing nations lack basic health care and face life-debilitating and life-threatening health issues. Some health issues never existed in the West, whereas science eradicated others decades ago. Maternal mortality, female genital cutting, child marriage, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS, and cervical cancer are a few of the issues that plague developing nations. This article introduces some of these challenging health problems. In subsequent issues, they will be explored in more depth. Reviews in Obstetrics & Gynecology hopes that highlighting global women’s health issues will increase awareness and establish a renewed commitment to improving women’s lives.

Job Strain, Job Insecurity, and Incident Cardiovascular Disease in the Women’s Health Study: Results from a 10-Year Prospective Study

Slopen, Natalie; Glynn, Robert J.; Buring, Julie Elizabeth; Lewis, Tené T.; Williams, David; Albert, Michelle A.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
Objectives: Research about work-related stressors and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has produced mixed findings. Moreover, a paucity of data exists regarding the long-term associations between job strain and job insecurity and CVD among women. Methods We used Cox proportional hazard models to examine the relationship between job strain, job insecurity, and incident CVD over 10 years of follow-up among 22,086 participants in the Women’s Health Study (mean age 57±5 years). Results: During 10 years of follow-up there were 170 myocardial infarctions (MI), 163 ischemic strokes, 440 coronary revascularizations, and 52 CVD deaths. In models adjusted for age, race, education, and income, women with high job strain (high demand, low control) were 38% more likely to experience a CVD event than their counterparts who reported low job strain (low demand, high control; Rate Ratio (RR) = 1.38, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) = 1.08–1.77), and women with active jobs (high demand, high control) were 38% more likely to experience a CVD event relative to women who reported low job strain (95% CI = 1.07–1.77). Outcome-specific analyses revealed that high job strain predicted non-fatal myocardial infarction (RR = 1.67, CI = 1.04–2.70), and coronary revascularization (RR = 1.41...

Hormone therapy use after the Women's Health Initiative

MacLennan, A.; Taylor, A.; Wilson, D.
Fonte: Parthenon Publishing Group Publicador: Parthenon Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
Objective To continue surveillance of hormone therapy (HT) use in an Australian population and to assess the impact of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) and associated reports on HT use 16 months after the results of the WHI were first reported. Methods Data were obtained from the 2003 South Australian Health Omnibus Survey, which involves a representative, population face-to-face interview survey. Data were compared to five surveys undertaken between 1991 and 2000, which had consistent methods and quality-control procedures. A total of 907 interviews were conducted with women over 40 years in their own homes by trained health interviewers. Results In association with the timing of media reporting of the WHI, current HT use rates dropped from 28% in women over 50 years in 2000 to an estimated 10.2% in 2002. By October 2003, current use rates had returned to 18.8% in this age group. The media had been the main influence in the women's decision-making. Half of those who restarted therapy changed to another type of HT. Only 2.8% changed to an alternative/complementary therapy. Conclusions Nearly two-thirds (64%) of those currently using HT in 2002 stopped therapy, mostly in response to the media reporting of the WHI. Nearly half of those who stopped HT in 2002 have since restarted. Media reporting greatly influences the use of hormonal therapies.; © 2008 Informa plc

Use and perception of hormone therapy following media reports of the Women's Health Initiative: a survey of Australian WISDOM participants

Paine, B.; Stocks, N.; Ramsay, E.; Ryan, P.; MacLennan, A.
Fonte: Parthenon Publishing Group Publicador: Parthenon Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
Objectives: To investigate the impact of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) on the use and perception of hormone therapy (HT) in well-informed and altruistic women who had volunteered for a similar long-term study of HT (Women's International Study of long Duration Oestrogen after Menopause, WISDOM). Methods: A total of 840 South Australian WISDOM participants were sent questionnaires asking about their source of information about the WHI, interpretation of the 2002 WHI findings, perception of HT as a risk factor for breast cancer, attitudes towards doctors and the media and intent to use HT in the future. Results: Altogether, 618 participants (74%) responded. Written and verbal information provided by WISDOM were rated as the most helpful sources of information about the WHI. Participants were aware of the increase in breast cancer and decrease in fractures seen with combined estrogen/progestogen hormone therapy (EPT) but were less convinced about the other major findings, including cardiovascular disease and dementia. HT was rated as an important risk factor for breast cancer. Participants valued medical research and were more likely to question therapies without evidence. After WHI and WISDOM, most were willing to participate in a subsequent trial and most past HT users resumed therapy. Conclusions: There are sufficient recruits for future long-term HT studies if they are given sufficient quality information and individual counselling. Our study also suggests that women who are appropriately informed may choose to take long-term HT despite a more conservative approach advised by some agencies.; BJ Paine...

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women's health: Acting now for a health future

Boyle, J.; Rumbold, A.; Clarke, M.; Hughes, C.; Kane, S.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Asia Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Asia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
This paper summarises the recent RANZCOG Indigenous Women's Health Meeting with recommendations on how the College and its membership can act now to improve the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and infants.; Jacqueline Boyle, Alice R. Rumbold, Marilyn Clarke, Chris Hughes and Simon Kane; Journal compilation © 2008 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Copyright © 1999-2009 John Wiley & Sons, Inc

Female Genital Cutting, Women's Health, and Development : The Role of the World Bank

Rogo, Khama; Subayi, Tshiya; Toubia, Nahid; Sharief, Eiman Hussein
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
Female Genital Mutilation or Cutting (FGM/C) is a customary practice indigenous to 28 African countries and is also reported among African immigrants in countries in Europe, North America, Australia, and New Zealand. FGM/C is also found in some Muslim communities in the highlands of India. The report documents the extent to which FGM/C is perceived as a public health issue. The social and political situation in Somalia in light of the civil unrest is likely to be a challenge in expanding the reach and effectiveness of FGC interventions particularly in rural communities. The experience of Kouroussa in Haute Guinea through the Population and Reproductive Health Project presented at the development marketplace 2000 competition with the project ending female genital cutting also gave the opportunity to the Bank to address FGM/C in a more systematic way, using all available resources. Other opportunities for supporting FGM/C programs include classic World Bank lending instruments such as Sector Investment Loans (SIL)...

Climacteric symptoms and quality of life: validity of women's health questionnaire

Silva Filho,Carlos Rodrigues da; Baracat,Edmundo Chad; Conterno,Lucieni de Oliveira; Haidar,Mauro Abi; Ferraz,Marcos Bosi
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of the Portuguese version of the Women's Health Questionnaire. METHODS: In order to evaluate the Women's Health Questionnaire (WHQ), an analytical cross-sectional study was carried out at the women's menopause outpatient clinic of a university hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. There were studied 87 women in perimenopause or menopause, defined as experiencing at least one year's absence of menstrual flow. The following variables were collected: demographic data, clinical variables (Kupperman index and correlate numeric scale) and quality of life indexes (SF-36 and utility). RESULTS: The WHQ proved to be a questionnaire easily translated into Portuguese and well-adjusted to Brazilian women. The internal consistency of the overall WHQ was excellent (Cronbach alpha =0.83; 95% CI: 0.71-0.91). Test-retest reliability was also excellent (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC]=0.92; 95% IC: 0.86-0.96) and had good absolute agreement (0.84; 95% CI: 0.71-0.92). A satisfactory clinical validity was observed. The construct validity was corroborated by clear associations with others scales. A good index of responsiveness after the intervention was reached. CONCLUSIONS: The Portuguese version of the WHQ is of easy and fast administration and understanding. Its measuring properties were related...

Reconceptualizing Native Women's Health: An “Indigenist” Stress-Coping Model

Walters, Karina L.; Simoni, Jane M.
Fonte: © American Journal of Public Health 2002 Publicador: © American Journal of Public Health 2002
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
This commentary presents an “indigenist” model of Native women's health, a stress-coping paradigm that situates Native women's health within the larger context of their status as a colonized people. The model is grounded in empirical evidence that traumas such as the “soul wound” of historical and contemporary discrimination among Native women influence health and mental health outcomes. The preliminary model also incorporates cultural resilience, including as moderators identity, enculturation, spiritual coping, and traditional healing practices.

“Write a Chapter and Change the World” How the Boston Women's Health Book Collective Transformed Women's Health Then—and Now

Heather, Stephenson; Zeldes, Kiki
Fonte: American Public Health Association Publicador: American Public Health Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
Working together informally, the core group of women who would later form the Boston Women's Health Book Collective wrote a book that would become the bible of women's health, selling more than 4 million copies. They also created an organization that would carry their mission forward. From the first newsprint edition of Our Bodies, Ourselves, which became an underground sensation, to the brand new book, Our Bodies, Ourselves: Pregnancy and Birth, released in March 2008, the group has educated women and men, critiqued the medical system, examined inequalities based on gender, race, sexual orientation, class, and other categories, and urged readers to move from individual self-help to collective action promoting social policies that support the health of women and communities.

Methodological quality of systematic reviews and clinical trials on women's health published in a Brazilian evidence-based health journal

Macedo,Cristiane Rufino; Riera,Rachel; Torloni,Maria Regina
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
OBJECTIVES: To assess the quality of systematic reviews and clinical trials on women's health recently published in a Brazilian evidence-based health journal. METHOD: All systematic reviews and clinical trials on women's health published in the last five years in the Brazilian Journal of Evidence-based Health were retrieved. Two independent reviewers critically assessed the methodological quality of reviews and trials using AMSTAR and the Cochrane Risk of Bias Table, respectively. RESULTS: Systematic reviews and clinical trials accounted for less than 10% of the 61 original studies on women's health published in the São Paulo Medical Journal over the last five years. All five reviews were considered to be of moderate quality; the worst domains were publication bias and the appropriate use of study quality in formulating conclusions. All three clinical trials were judged to have a high risk of bias. The participant blinding, personnel and outcome assessors and allocation concealment domains had the worst scores. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the systematic reviews and clinical trials on women's health recently published in a Brazilian evidence-based journal are of low to moderate quality. The quality of these types of studies needs improvement.

Women's health education in undergraduate nursing courses

Alencar,Neiva Gomes de; Batista,Sylvia Helena Souza da Silva; Ruiz-Moreno,Lídia
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
This article aimed to analyze the Women's Health Education in the Nursing courses in São Paulo, SP, Brazil, characterizing faculty members and the pedagogical processes implemented. A questionnaire was carried out with 17 professors responsible for the teaching. It was possible to observe good qualification of the faculty members, in its majority with teaching experience superior to five years. In addition, most of the professors have teaching education with partial dedication to teaching and research or work per hour. The denomination "Women's Health Nursing Assistance" is adopted by the majority of courses. The pedagogical processes tend to extend conceptual references, keeping expositive classes as the main teaching strategy and written tests are the most applied evaluation method. The teaching of woman's health presents, therefore, a more critical perspective about woman's health with the participation of graduate professors and learning situations that integrate both the transmission and the active construction of knowledge.

Maternal Health Is Women's Health: A Call for Papers for Year 2 of the Maternal Health Task Force–PLOS Collection

Lattof, Samantha R; Wegner, Mary Nell; Langer, Ana Maria
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Commentary or Review
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
The PLOS Medicine editors and the Maternal Health Task Force announce a new call for papers on the theme of “maternal health is women's health.”

Impact of cyclooxygenase inhibitors in the women's health initiative hormone trials: secondary analysis of a randomized trial

Hsia, Judith; Kuller, Lewis; Pettinger, Mary; Choe, John H; Limacher, Marian; Oberman, Albert; Ockene, Judith; O'Sullivan, Mary Jo; Robinson, Jennifer G; Manson, JoAnn Elisabeth; Langer, Robert D.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
Objectives: We evaluated the hypothesis that cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor use might have counteracted a beneficial effect of postmenopausal hormone therapy, and account for the absence of cardioprotection in the Women's Health Initiative hormone trials. Estrogen increases COX expression, and inhibitors of COX such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents appear to increase coronary risk, raising the possibility of a clinically important interaction in the trials. Design: The hormone trials were randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled. Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs was assessed at baseline and at years 1, 3, and 6. Setting: The Women's Health Initiative hormone trials were conducted at 40 clinical sites in the United States. Participants: The trials enrolled 27,347 postmenopausal women, aged 50–79 y. Interventions: We randomized 16,608 women with intact uterus to conjugated estrogens 0.625 mg with medroxyprogesterone acetate 2.5 mg daily or to placebo, and 10,739 women with prior hysterectomy to conjugated estrogens 0.625 mg daily or placebo. Outcome Measures: Myocardial infarction, coronary death, and coronary revascularization were ascertained during 5.6 y of follow-up in the estrogen plus progestin trial and 6.8 y of follow-up in the estrogen alone trial. Results: Hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated from Cox proportional hazard models stratified by COX inhibitor use. The hazard ratio for myocardial infarction/coronary death with estrogen plus progestin was 1.13 (95% confidence interval 0.68–1.89) among non-users of COX inhibitors...

A Pilot Study on Women's Health Education in Rural Guatemala: Impact on Beliefs and Behaviors

Messmer, Sarah Elizabeth
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation; text Formato: application/pdf
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
Great disparities exist in women’s health outcomes in rural indigenous communities in Guatemala; indigenous women are less likely to utilize family planning and cervical cancer screening services. This pilot study assessed baseline women’s health knowledge and the effects of a comprehensive women’s health course on women’s health knowledge and behaviors. From February to November 2013, 61 participants in a seven-week language-appropriate women’s health curriculum were evaluated before and after the course using a 10-item knowledge assessment. Cervical cancer screening and contraceptive utilization rates were assessed by self-report before and after the course. Several women’s health knowledge deficits were noted: belief that contraception causes cancer, inability to name symptoms of STIs, lack of understanding of pap smears, and lack of familiarity with condoms. The average pre-test score was 54.6%; increasing to 83.7% on the post-test (p<0.0001). 79% had received a pap smear prior to the course; this increased to 92% at the post-test (p=0.013). 53% had utilized contraception prior to the course; at the time of the post-test the percentage was 54% (p=1). This study reveals important patterns in women’s health beliefs in rural Guatemala...

ANALYSIS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ON WOMEN’S HEALTH

Silva, Susan de Alencar; Lucena, Kerle Dayana Tavares de; Deininger, Layza de Souza Chaves; Coelho, Hemílio Fernandes Campos; Vianna, Rodrigo Pinheiro de Toledo; Anjos, Ulisses Umbelino dos
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 20/10/2015 ENG; POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
Introduction: Violence against women is characterized by damage to physical and mental health of the victim, and is not linked solely to the use of physical force, but also the idea of submission, culturally ingrained in gender relations, in which man behaves itself as being dominant and women an inferior being. As result of violence, women are hindered in their social life, repressed and psychologically shaken. It is a public health problem of great magnitude in the world. It is known that women are more vulnerable to health problems and has unique needs, differentiated from other groups in society, such as prevention, control and combat to physical and mental illnesses. According to the National Policy for Integral Attention to Women’s Health, these injuries are more linked with gender issues such as the situation of discrimination in society than to biological factors. Gender inequalities, historically produced and legitimated by culture and society, put women in inferiority and depreciation position. In this context, violence is used as a mechanism of maintenance and confirmation of male power over women. Objective: Investigating the health problems resulting from domestic violence against women. Methods: An exploratory study with a qualitative approach...

Sintomas climatéricos e qualidade de vida: validação do questionário da saúde da mulher; Climacteric symptoms and quality of life: validity of women's health questionnaire

Silva Filho, Carlos Rodrigues da; Baracat, Edmundo Chad; Conterno, Lucieni de Oliveira; Haidar, Mauro Abi; Ferraz, Marcos Bosi
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2005 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.36%
OBJETIVO: Validar para o português o instrumento de avaliação de qualidade de vida no climatério, Women's Health Questionnaire. MÉTODOS: Para avaliação do Women's Health Questionnaire, foi realizado estudo transversal analítico no ambulatório de assistência ao climatério de um hospital universitário do Município de São Paulo. Foram estudadas 87 mulheres na peri-menopausa ou menopausa, definida como ao menos um ano sem apresentar fluxo menstrual, e analisadas as seguintes variáveis: demográficas, índices clínicos (índice menopausal de Kuppermann, e escala numérica correlata) índices de qualidade de vida (SF-36, e utility). RESULTADOS: A consistência interna do WHQ traduzido foi muito boa (Coeficiente Alfa de Cronbach =0,83 IC 95%: 0,71-0,91), assim como a correlação intra-classe (teste-reteste =0,92; IC 95%: 0.86-0,96), e boa concordância absoluta (0,84; IC 95%: 0,71-0,92). Sua validade de construto foi corroborada pela boa associação com outras escalas. A validade clínica foi considerada satisfatória e um bom índice de sensibilidade após intervenção foi alcançado. CONCLUSÕES: A versão para o português do Women's Health Questionnaire é de fácil e rápida aplicação e compreensão. Suas propriedades de medida foram avaliadas e provadas podendo ser utilizada para a avaliação da qualidade de vida das mulheres brasileiras no climatério...

O ensino da saude da mulher em cursos de graduação em enfermagem; La enseñanza en salud de la mujer a nivel de graduación en enfermería; Women's health education in undergraduate nursing courses

Alencar, Neiva Gomes de; Batista, Sylvia Helena Souza da Silva; Ruiz-Moreno, Lídia
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2007 ENG; POR; SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
Este artigo objetiva analisar o ensino da Saúde da Mulher nos Cursos de Enfermagem da cidade de São Paulo, caracterizando os docentes e os processos pedagógicos neles vivenciados. Aplicou-se questionário a 17 docentes responsáveis por este ensino. Observa-se boa qualificação docente e tempo de docência, predominantemente, superior a 05 anos. A maioria dos professores tem curso de formação docente e atuam em regime parcial ou hora-aula. A denominação "Assistência de Enfermagem à Saúde da Mulher" é a mais adotada nos cursos. Os processos pedagógicos mostram uma tendência de ampliação dos referenciais conceituais, mantendo-se a aula expositiva como a estratégia fundamental e, a prova escrita como instrumento avaliativo prioritário. O ensino da Saúde da Mulher apresenta, assim, incorporação de perspectiva mais crítica sobre saúde da mulher, contando com a participação de professores titulados e apresentando situações de aprendizagem que transitam entre a transmissão e a construção ativa.; Este artículo tiene como objetivo analizar la enseñanza en Salud de la Mujer a nivel de graduación de Enfermería en la ciudad de São Paulo, describiendo a los docentes y sus procesos pedagógicos. Se aplicó un cuestionario a 17 docentes responsables por materias relacionadas a la Salud de la Mujer. Fue observada una buena calificación del docente y un tiempo de la enseñanza superior a cinco años. La mayoría de los profesores tienen formación pedagógica y trabaja en un régimen de tiempo parcial o por hora/ clases. La denominación "Asistencia de Enfermería en Salud de la Mujer" es adoptada en la mayoría de las facultades y escuelas. Los procesos pedagógicos muestran una tendencia de ampliar los referenciales conceptuales; siendo aún mantenida la clase expositiva como estrategia fundamental y la prueba escrita como instrumento prioritario para la evaluación. La perspectiva de la enseñanza en Salud de la Mujer es mas crítica por parte de los docentes...

Psychodrama as a pedagogical strategy: experiences in undergraduation teaching in the field of women's health; Psicodrama como estrategia pedagógica: vivencias en la enseñanza de pre-grado en el área de salud de la mujer; Psicodrama como estratégia pedagógica: vivências no ensino de graduação na área de saúde da mulher

Diniz, Normélia Maria Freire; Lopes, Regina Lúcia Mendonça; Almeida, Mariza Silva; Gesteira, Solange Maria dos Anjos; Oliveira, Jeane Freitas de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2000 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
As the result from a discussion by the Grupo de Estudos sobre Saúde da Mulher ¾ GEM (Group of Studies on Women's Health), psychodrama has been used as a pedagogical strategy to develop the topic Female's Conditions and Women's Health. Written and oral individual accounts as well as stories constructed in "group meetings" were treated by the gender perspective. The dynamics has facilitated relationships and self-knowledge, making it possible for day-by-day situations to emerge. The reflection between what is lived and what is theoretical has allowed the visibility of women's insertion in the public and private sectors as well as created situations for the construction of concepts.; A partir de una discusión del Grupo de Estudios sobre Salud de la Mujer ¾ GEM, el psicodrama ha sido utilizado como estrategia de pedagogía para desarrollar el tema Condición Femenina y Salud de la Mujer. Declaraciones individuales, orales y escritas, e historias construidas en la "vivencia grupal", fueron tratados por la perspectiva del género. La dinámica está facilitando la relación y el auto-conocimiento, posibilitando la aparición de situaciones del cotidiano. La reflexión entre lo vivido y lo teórico ha permitido la visibilidad de la inserción femenina en el espacio publico y privado y creado situaciones para la construcción de conceptos; A partir de uma discussão do Grupo de Estudos sobre Saúde da Mulher - GEM...

Paying attention to gender and poverty in health research: content and process issues

Östlin,Piroska; Sen,Gita; George,Asha
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
Despite the magnitude of the problem of health inequity within and between countries, little systematic research has been done on the social causes of ill-health. Health researchers have overwhelmingly focused on biomedical research at the level of individuals. Investigations into the health of groups and the determinants of health inequities that lie outside the control of the individual have received a much smaller share of research resources. Ignoring factors such as socioeconomic class, race and gender leads to biases in both the content and process of research. We use two such factors - poverty and gender - to illustrate how this occurs. There is a systematic imbalance in medical journals: research into diseases that predominate in the poorest regions of the world is less likely to be published. In addition, the slow recognition of women's health problems, misdirected and partial approaches to understanding women's and men's health, and the dearth of information on how gender interacts with other social determinants continue to limit the content of health research. In the research community these imbalances in content are linked to biases against researchers from poorer regions and women. Researchers from high-income countries benefit from better funding and infrastructure. Their publications dominate journals and citations...

Climacteric symptoms and quality of life: validity of women's health questionnaire

Silva Filho,Carlos Rodrigues da; Baracat,Edmundo Chad; Conterno,Lucieni de Oliveira; Haidar,Mauro Abi; Ferraz,Marcos Bosi
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of the Portuguese version of the Women's Health Questionnaire. METHODS: In order to evaluate the Women's Health Questionnaire (WHQ), an analytical cross-sectional study was carried out at the women's menopause outpatient clinic of a university hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. There were studied 87 women in perimenopause or menopause, defined as experiencing at least one year's absence of menstrual flow. The following variables were collected: demographic data, clinical variables (Kupperman index and correlate numeric scale) and quality of life indexes (SF-36 and utility). RESULTS: The WHQ proved to be a questionnaire easily translated into Portuguese and well-adjusted to Brazilian women. The internal consistency of the overall WHQ was excellent (Cronbach alpha =0.83; 95% CI: 0.71-0.91). Test-retest reliability was also excellent (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC]=0.92; 95% IC: 0.86-0.96) and had good absolute agreement (0.84; 95% CI: 0.71-0.92). A satisfactory clinical validity was observed. The construct validity was corroborated by clear associations with others scales. A good index of responsiveness after the intervention was reached. CONCLUSIONS: The Portuguese version of the WHQ is of easy and fast administration and understanding. Its measuring properties were related...