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Protestantismo e modernidade no Brasil; Protestantism and modernity in Brazil.

Ferreira, Valdinei Aparecido
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/03/2008 PT
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46.47%
Esta tese tem por tema as relações entre protestantismo e modernidade no Brasil. O objetivo primordial é a compreensão das transformações nas relações entre o protestantismo e a modernidade no Brasil. Para alcançar o objetivo, utilizamos, no exame do tema, a sociologia compreensiva de matriz weberiana. A investigação sociológica, que reservou lugar de destaque para o protestantismo na emergência da modernidade ocidental, passou, de um lado, a interessar-se pela compreensão e explicação do declínio da religião protestante na sociedade moderna e, de outro, se as religiões pentecostais na América Latina mantinham ainda afinidades com o protestantismo e com a modernidade. O protestantismo valeu-se, para sua inserção no Brasil, a partir de meados do século XIX, de sua afinidade com a modernidade representada pelos Estados Unidos. Todavia, o significado da modernidade para o protestantismo foi sendo alterado ao longo do século XX. A primeira transformação nas relações entre protestantismo e modernidade no Brasil ocorreu quando a identificação com a herança moderna norte-americana passou do questionamento, nas primeiras décadas do século XX, à rejeição completa, na década de sessenta, por setores enraizados no liberalismo teológico. A segunda transformação nas relações do protestantismo com a modernidade no Brasil é encontrada na introdução da reflexividade no campo do conhecimento teológico. No esforço de apresentar-se como religião moderna...

A educação na esteira da crise política da modernidade: uma análise a partir das reflexões de Hannah Arendt; Problems of Education in the Political Crisis of Modernity: an analysis from the reflections of Hannah Arendt.

Deina, Wanderley José
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/08/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.11%
Esta tese aborda alguns problemas da Educação Moderna apontados nas reflexões de Hannah Arendt em seu artigo A Crise da Educação, um texto relativamente sucinto, mas que remete a praticamente toda a sua produção teórica no campo da Filosofia e da Política. O objetivo é esclarecer as principais críticas que a autora dirige à educação moderna, a partir de seu próprio referencial teórico. Para Arendt, a crise da educação é uma manifestação particular da crise política que aflige a civilização ocidental desde o início da modernidade. Apesar da relação entre a crise política e a crise na educação, ela defende a separação entre ambas, de modo que a política não determine (em absoluto) a educação e a educação não seja utilizada como instrumento da política, algo que se tornou bastante corriqueiro nas sociedades modernas. A pedagogia, imbuída do espírito científico característico da Era Moderna, apesar dos grandes avanços que trouxe para o campo da educação, não é poupada pela autora, na medida em que colaborou para a ruptura com a tradição, um fenômeno que marcou a perda do senso comum que orientava a vida humana na Terra. A falta de um sentido comum em relação ao mundo é apontada como um dos fundamentos da alienação moderna...

A praça brasileira : trajetoria de um espaço urbano - origem e modernidade; The Brazilian Square : change of urban space - foundation and modernity

Junia Marques Caldeira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/11/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.11%
A presente tese tem como objetivo central investigar a trajetória da praça brasileira, importante elemento compositivo do espaço urbano, a partir da noção de espaço de uso coletivo. Nesse sentido, procurou-se compreender sua gênese no território brasileiro, tendo como ponto de partida a chegada dos portugueses e o processo de colonização implementado; suas transformações históricas, em sintonia com o desenvolvimento político da Nação; e, como ponto de ruptura, a divulgação dos princípios modernistas e a experiência de consolidação da cidade moderna brasileira, cristalizada na elaboração do Plano Piloto de Brasília. Essa investigação ocorreu segundo duas linhas de orientação: a primeira fundamentou-se no desenvolvimento dos espaços coletivos perante os processos urbanísticos ocorridos na civilização ocidental, em particular o desenvolvimento do capitalismo. Nesse sentido, a praça reflete uma forma de ocupação e apropriação do espaço própria da sociedade capitalista, e que independe da sua geografia; a segunda teve como fio condutor a trajetória da praça no Brasil, atrelada ao desenvolvimento dos processos urbanísticos no nosso território. Para entender a configuração da praça brasileira na sua modernidade...

The institutions of archaic post-modernity and their organizational and managerial consequences: The case of Portugal

Cunha, Miguel Pina e; Clegg, Stewart R.; Rego, Arménio
Fonte: Nova SBE Publicador: Nova SBE
Tipo: Outros
Publicado em //2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
The long march of modernization of the Western societies tends to be presented as following a regular sequence: societies and institutions were pre-modern, and then they were modernized, eventually becoming post-modern. Such teleology may provide an incomplete or distorted narrative of societal evolution in many parts of the world, even in the ‘post-modern heartland’ of Western Europe, with Portugal being a case in point. The concept of archaic post-modernity has been developed by a philosopher, José Gil, to show how Portuguese institutions and organizations combine elements of pre-modernity and post-modernity. The notion of an archaic post-modernity is advanced in order to provide an alternative account of the modernization process, which enriches discussion of the varieties of capitalism. Differences in historical experiences create singularities that may be considered in the analysis of culture, management and organization.

The Sacred Nature of the Akan Chief and its Implications for Tradition, Modernity and Religious Human Rights in Ghana

Tweneboah, Seth
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This study explored the interface between the abuses inherent in the sacred nature of the Akan (a Ghanaian ethnic group) Chief and international human rights laws. It argued that the sacred basis of Akan Chieftaincy, which empowers and legitimizes Akan Chiefs, also leads to them imposing restrictions on the rights of their subjects. The study examined the implications of these restrictions in the light of a rapidly modernizing, thoroughly globalizing, and a religiously pluralistic Ghana where the influence of western originated belief in individual rights is growing. The study also explored why, in spite of the many existing Constitutional and legal provisions in Ghana, breaches of religious freedom still occur. It shed considerable light on how agents of the modern state and the Chiefs, connive to sometimes suppress the rights of individuals. The study identified the implications of this development for policymaking in Ghanaian communities where modernity and tradition co-exist.

Indian foreign policy and the ambivalence of postcolonial modernity.

Chacko, Priya
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2008
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.54%
India’s foreign policy behaviour often challenges conventional theories of international relations (IR). Why for instance, did India wait 24 years after its first nuclear test to conduct another test? In the wake of its nuclear tests, why did the political leadership highlight the scientific achievements more than the military implications and why did it characterise India’s nuclear program as being unique in terms of its restraint and its commitment to total disarmament? Why did India engage in a discourse of friendship with China rather than adopt the anti-communist stance of other democratic states? These are just some of the questions that cannot be adequately explained by the positivist and ahistorical traditions of IR that down-play the connection between state identity and foreign policy or analyse foreign policy as the product of pre-existing realities, subjectivities and interpretive dispositions. An approach that takes into account the historical and cultural context of the construction of state identity however, offers a fuller understanding of India’s foreign policy behaviour. Using genealogy and the idea of identity performativity, this thesis analyses India’s foreign policy discourse as a representational practice which...

Catching up and objecting to Europe : modernity and discursive topoi in Greece's higher education reforms

GROPAS, Ruby; TRIANDAFYLLIDOU, Anna; KOUKI, Hara
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Eisenstadt’s theory of multiple modernities recognizes the historical precedence of Western patterns of modernity as fundamental points of reference for other modernities, but argues that each country defines its individual path to modernity through its own internal conflicts. Since the end of the Cold War, EU integration and access to EU membership have steadily become the dominant, if not the exclusive, institutional frameworks representing the paradigm of Western modernity. Against this background, we consider the way in which Greece’s pathway to modernity has oscillated between a dominant European definition and an individual one particular to its own internal conflicts. Specifically, we examine the position of state actors, civil society representatives, and lay people on higher education in the context of the Bologna process, the EU institutional framework aimed at educational integration, itself a means of defining identities, pursuing modernity, and protecting tradition.

Islam and Secular Modernity under Western Eyes:A Genealogy of a Constitutive Relationship

BRACKE, Sarah; FADIL, Nadia
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
This paper considers the theoretical operations involved in sustaining secular modernity within the realm of social theory. It seeks to understand how the secular operates as an epistemological formation. We examine a set of arguments, considering them as sites of the (discursive) formation of secular modernity. Our inquiry is centred on Islam as a case-study. Its particular position as a double constitutive outsider to social theory, both in terms of a religious as well as a non-Western other, enables us to unpack hegemonic narratives that are constitutive for secular modernity. We examine two scholarly debates that touch upon a question of compatibility between Islam and modernity. In a first section of the paper we look at the sociological debate on the use of a Western concept of secularisation in relation to Islam, and in a second section we addresses a more recent cross-religious concept of 'fundamentalism' as a widely used and popular way to frame realities and developments deemed incompatible with modernity.

The Rhetoric of Fashion in Latin America

Aragon, Alba F.
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This dissertation interrogates the role of fashion at representative junctures in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Latin American literature and culture. It shows how fashion has helped to advance specific visions of cultural identity, historical change, and literary production and consumption. Chapter 1 surveys current understandings of dress, fashion, and related concepts, highlighting this dissertation's questioning of fashion as a historically construed, rhetorically powerful discourse associated with Western modernity. It reflects on the importance of sartorial metaphors in literary theory and proposes that fashion is key to understanding the specificity of Latin American modernity. Chapter 2 surveys current scholarship on fashion in Latin America, reconsidering fashion's role in works by Joaquín Fernández de Lizardi, Andrés Bello, Domingo Sarmiento, José Martí and other seminal nineteenth-century writers. Chapter 3 offers the first study of the women's fashion magazine Elegancias (1911-1914), produced in Paris for Latin American consumption with Rubén Darío as literary editor. It investigates Darío's involvement and analyzes four collaborations presently unpublished in book form, particularly Darío's profile of the Argentine writer Delfina Bunge (whom he called "mademoiselle Verlaine"). It also analyzes Elegancia's inscription of Latin American modernismo within femininity and commodity culture. Chapter 4 shifts to Mexico...

Mapping the Amazon: Territory, Identity, and Modernity in the Literatures of Peru and Brazil (1900-1930)

Torres Nunez, Cinthya Evelyn
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
My dissertation proposes a comprehensive study of the politics of representing the Amazonian territory in literature and culture. Using the context of the Amazonian rubber boom (1879-1912) and its aftermaths in Peru and Brazil, my research evaluates how the Amazon Basin became the focus of political and sentimental debates, triggering discussions to rethink national identity, ethnicity, sovereignty, and modernity at the turn of the twentieth century. Traditionally portrayed as an exotic, primeval land, geographically isolated, and with endless natural resources waiting exploitation by a higher civilizing order, its presence continually frustrated colonizers and investigators who failed to reduce it to a set of manageable meanings. Despite the many books written about the region since its encounter in the sixteenth century to nowadays, the Amazon resists demands to be modern and construed by an imported Western rational. Like the Pampa in Argentina and the Backlands in Brazil, Brazil and Peru's Amazon is a tropical body that calls institutional authority into question.; Romance Languages and Literatures

Orchestrating Modernity, Singing the Self: Theories of Music in Meiji and Taisho Japan

Service, Jonathan
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
The purpose of this thesis is to use the history of music theory to study cultural change in Japan. It has been said that “music is number” (Sima Qian), that it is the “organon of philosophy” (Schelling), that the discovery of the identity of certain simple mathematical ratios with the basic aural consonances—ascribed to Ling Lun in the East and Pythagoras in the West—is the inaugural instance of the “mathematization of reality.” It is this isomorphic relationship between mathematics and music that allows us to unlock the latter and all that it represents with the precision of the former. Indeed, it is my contention that music theory provides one of the crispest articulations of particular mentalités. This thesis is comprised of six chapters Chapter one outlines the history of music theory and shows how it applies to the history of modern Japan. Chapter two describes the way that music theory changed musical sensibility: music-theoretical ideas were imported by bureaucrats, actualized in school songbooks, and through these and other means suppressed the initially unfavorable reaction to Western music through a concerted effort to "hear through" the music to the ideas beneath. Chapter three looks at the way that the twelve tone equal division of the octave functioned analogously to Panofsky's perspectival "symbolische Form": a condition of possibility that rendered intellectually invisible other ways of organizing sound. Chapter four investigates the idea of a “natural scale” and traces attempts in Japan to provide rational...

Heidegger and Blumenberg on modernity

Negru,Teodor
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista, Departamento de Filosofia Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista, Departamento de Filosofia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2012 EN
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36.11%
The debate surrounding the way in which Heidegger and Blumenberg understand the modern age is an opportunity to discuss two different approaches to history. On one hand, from Heidegger's perspective, history should be understood as starting from how Western thought related to Being, which, in metaphysical thinking, took the form of the forgetfulness of Being. Thus, the modern age represents the last stage in the process of forgetfulness of Being, which announces the moment of the rethinking of the relationship with Being by appealing to the authentic disclosure of Being. On the other hand, Blumenberg understands history as the result of the reoccupation process, which means replacing old theories with other new ones. Thus, to the historical approach it is not important to identify epochs as periods of time between two events, but to think about the discontinuities occurring throughout history. Starting from here, the modern age will be thought of not as an expression of the radicalization of the forgetfulness of Being, but as a response to the crises of medieval conceptions. For the same reason, the interpretation of history as a history of the forgetfulness of Being is considered by Blumenberg to subordinate history to an absolute principle...

Mobility and modernity in Arnhem Land: The social universe of Kuninjku trucks.

Altman, Jon; Hinkson, Melinda
Fonte: Sage Publications Inc Publicador: Sage Publications Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
This article explores the central role played by vehicles in a contradictory set of social processes that have unfolded in western Arnhem Land, north Australia, over the last five decades. Motor vehicles have mediated much of humanity's experience of the

Secular Knowledge Versus Islamic Knowledge and Uncritical Intellectuality: The Work of Ziauddin Sardar

Urrehman, S.
Fonte: Sage Publications Inc Publicador: Sage Publications Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.36%
This article examines the politics of Islamic postcolonial Occidentalism as a response to the secularizing influence of western modernity. By taking the work of Ziauddin Sardar, a Pakistani-British intellectual, as an example of Occidentalist Islamic thou

Engraved ochre from a Middle Stone Age context at Klein Kliphuis in the Western Cape of South Africa

Mackay, Alexander; Welz, Ara
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.32%
This paper reports on a piece of engraved ochre recovered from a Middle Stone Age context at the rock shelter site of Klein Kliphuis (Western Cape, South Africa). The ochre was associated with a mixed assemblage of Howiesons Poort and post-Howiesons Poort

The modernisation of China and the Chinese critique of modernity

Golden, Seán,
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Article; info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.49%
The European brand of modernisation that was introduced to China by the force of arms in the 19th-20th centuries had some of its most basic origins in aspects of the traditional Chinese imperial system. This same system impeded China’s ability to resist the imperialist aggressions of modernised “Western” powers and Japan, until the end of the 20th century. Contemporary Chinese culture studies and political, social and economic thought reexamine the “Western” model of modernity from a critical point of view and propose a new postcolonial, postmodern form of modernisation with Chinese characteristics. The Chinese critique of modernity is both a product of Chinese history and an alternative to “Western” paradigms.; La marca europea de modernització introduïda a la Xina per la força de les armes durant els segles XIX i XX tenia alguns dels seus principis més bàsics en aspectes del sistema imperial tradicional xinès. Aquest mateix sistema dificultava la resistència de la Xina front les agressions imperialistes dels poders modernitzats d'"Occident" i del Japó, fins a finals del segle XX. El pensament polític, social i econòmic i els estudis de la cultura xinesa contemporània revisen el model "Occidental" de modernitat des d'un punt de vista crític i així es proposa una nova forma postcolonial i postmoderna de la modernització amb característiques xineses. La crítica xinesa de modernitat és alhora un producte de la història xinesa i una alternativa als paradigmes "occidentals".; La marca europea de modernización introducida en China por la fuerza de las armas durante los siglos XIX y XX tenía algunos de sus principios más básicos en aspectos del sistema imperial tradicional chino. Este mismo sistema dificultaba la resistencia de China frente las agresiones imperialistas de los poderes modernizados de "Occidente" y de Japón...

Modernidades múltiples y encuentro de civilizaciones

Beriain, Josetxo
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2002 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
Este trabajo argumenta contra la concepción que considera a la modernidad occidental como un concepto omniabarcante que ha sido el original del que han sacado copias a lo largo del mundo. En lugar de esto, propongo el concepto de «modernidades múltiples» que desarrollan el programa cultural y político de la modernidad en muchas civilizaciones, en sus propios términos. En orden a ilustrar esto, analizo el origen de la modernidad occidental en Europa, el excepcionalismo de la modernidad americana, la transformación de la modernidad occidental en Japón y la moderna antimodernidad de la concepción jacobina de la modernidad, cuyos portadores son los movimientos fundamentalistas. Palabras clave: modernidades múltiples, encuentro de civilizaciones, concepción jacobina de la modernidad y fundamentalismo.; This paper argues against the conception that consider western modernity as an all-encompasing concept which has been the original from which has been taken copies all over the world. Instead of this predominat sociological assumption I argue that there are «multiple modernities» which develop the cultural and political program of modernity in many civilizations in their own terms. In order to ilustrate this I analyze the origin of western modernity in Europe...

Chieftaincy Reimagined: Modernity and Tradition in the Chefferie of Batoufam, Cameroon

Grace, Jaclyn
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Publicado em 02/05/2015
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.6%
This thesis uses chieftaincy in Cameroon, and specifically the chefferie (chieftainship) of Batoufam, as a lens through which to understand the complex tensions between modernity and tradition in postcolonial Africa. After presenting a historical study of Grassfield chiefs’ role in the modern Cameroonian state, I analyze the relationship between tradition and modernity through the case study of the chief of Batoufam, Cameroon. My research drew upon several weeks of conducting over twenty-five interviews with village leaders, including the chief and several notables, in order to understand why traditional institutions in African nations are continually excluded from the global development industry. I argue that, not only can traditional institutions produce aspects of Western modernity, but these institutions in Cameroon also utilize liberal and neoliberal practices in the interest of community goals, mobilizing Western strategies for new and different purposes. I conclude that traditional institutions in Africa are not merely reproducing a Western model of modernity, but are in fact reshaping modernity itself through new conceptualizations, forms and applications. These traditional institutions thus present a critical resource for development...

The tapestry of language and theory: Reading Rosalind Morris on post-structuralism and Thai modernity

Jackson, Peter
Fonte: University of London Publicador: University of London
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.36%
Since the collapse of Marxism as the dominant tradition of radical critique in the 1980s, varieties of post-structuralism have emerged as the most influential form of critical analysis in Thai studies, both in Thailand and the West. However, like previous generations of Marxist-inspired analysts, contemporary post-structuralists need to address epistemological questions about the validity of using theory derived from the Western cultural and intellectual tradition in studying a South East Asian society. Issues regarding the translation, transculturation and localization of theory are just as important for twenty-first-century post-structuralist Thai studies as they were for twentieth-century Marxist Thai studies. This study is a critical review of Rosalind Morris's post-structuralist analyses of modern Thai culture. Through an assessment of the work of a prominent advocate of post-structuralist approaches to interpreting modern Thai culture, it highlights the interrelationship between the practice of translation between languages/discourses, on the one hand, and the epistemological status of Western theory in Thai studies, on the other.

The universal in the particular: Universalising social science - Comparative possibilities

Mukherji,Partha Nath
Fonte: Historia Publicador: Historia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.32%
Two epistemological questions relating to the universalisation of the social sciences have been raised in this article. First, the social sciences that originated in the West are indigenous to the West, but are they necessarily universal for the rest? Second, can the universal always explain the particular, unless the universals in the particulars contribute to the construction of the universal? An argument is made for the indigenisation - as opposed to parochialisation - of the social sciences in the non-Western world in reaching out to the goal of universalising the social sciences. The way to go about it is to design researches that are able to generalise beyond the context. Indigenously designed research has to emancipate itself from the "captive mind" syndrome and follow the "logic of inquiry" driven by theoretical-methodological rigour. The argument is illustrated by critiquing the relevance of the concepts and theories of Western "modernity" and "multiculturalism" in the Indian, South Asian context.