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Vulnerabilidade e envelhecimento: panorama dos idosos residentes no município de São Paulo - Estudo SABE; Vulnerability and aging: a prospect in the city of São Paulo - SABE Study

Maia, Flavia de Oliveira Motta
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/10/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.66%
A vulnerabilidade é uma condição presente no envelhecimento que pode se manifestar em diferentes dimensões. Ampliar a discussão sobre esse conceito poderá contribuir com a construção de políticas públicas mais abrangentes e adequadas às necessidades das pessoas idosas. Este estudo teve como objetivo traçar o perfil das condições de vida e saúde dos idosos física e socialmente vulneráveis residentes no Município de São Paulo e a associação dessas condições com os desfechos: declínio funcional, fragilidade e óbito. Esta pesquisa é parte do Estudo SABE - Saúde, Bem-estar e Envelhecimento e caracteriza-se como longitudinal, descritiva, exploratória, analítica e de caráter quantitativo. A amostra compôs-se de 2.143 idosos entrevistados em 2000 dos quais 1.115 foram reavaliados em 2006, sendo a diferença devido à obitos, mudanças, institucionalização, não localização e recusas. As pessoas idosas fisicamente vulneráveis foram identificadas pelo Vulnerable Elders Survey (VES-13), traduzido, adaptado e com suas propriedades de medida analisadas para utilização em nosso meio. Para a avaliação da vulnerabilidade social, utilizou-se o Índice Paulista de Vulnerabilidade Social (IPVS). A análise de regressão linear utilizou o Qui-Quadrado de Pearson ajustado pelo Rao Scott para amostras complexas...

Impactos potenciais da mudança climática no desenvolvimento humano : uma análise baseada na abordagem das capacitações

Correa Macana, Esmeralda
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.56%
O objetivo principal desta dissertação é analisar como a mudança climática pode afetar o processo de desenvolvimento humano. Com esse objetivo, procurou-se identificar, caracterizar e sistematizar os impactos potenciais da mudança climática em dimensões relevantes do desenvolvimento humano, tais como: saúde, educação, meios de subsistência, segurança, valores culturais e relações sociais. O trabalho propõe uma estrutura analítica na qual se identificam relações diretas e indiretas entre os componentes climáticos e do bem-estar humano e definem-se mecanismos que interligam as duas áreas, sendo estes os recursos naturais de água, solo e biodiversidade, assim como os serviços dos ecossistemas. A análise realizada não foi restrita à realidade de um país, ao invés, foram associados elementos tendo em conta as evidências em nível global. O estudo foi baseado na abordagem de desenvolvimento humano fundamentada por Amartya Sen, a qual permitiu considerar um conjunto amplo de dimensões na avaliação do bem-estar, abrangendo as diversas formas em que as pessoas são e podem ser privadas de desfrutar uma vida que eles valoram devido à mudança climática. Através da estrutura analítica proposta neste trabalho e na investigação sistemática de dois corpos de literatura (respectivamente ambiental e de desenvolvimento humano)...

Bem-estar subjetivo : um estudo longitudinal com crianças e adolescentes em situação de vulnerabilidade social

Poletto, Michele
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.59%
O bem-estar subjetivo e eventos de vida estressores foram investigados transversalmente (Estudo I), longitudinalmente (Estudo II) e como grupo de Attrition (Estudo III) com 1080 participantes de ambos os sexos, 7-16 anos, em situação de vulnerabilidade, que viviam com a família ou em instituições de acolhimento. Foram utilizados: entrevista estruturada, Inventário de Eventos Estressores, Escala de Afeto e Escala Multidimensional de Satisfação de Vida. Os resultados mostraram que os participantes das famílias vivenciaram menos eventos estressores, estavam mais satisfeitos com a família e com o self, vivenciaram menos afeto negativo e mais positivo, quando comparados aos institucionalizados. No entanto, o grupo do acolhimento preservou a satisfação com a escola e com as amizades e, ao mesmo tempo, aumentou a satisfação com o self e self comparado ao longo do tempo, possivelmente devido aos cuidados recebidos no acolhimento e ao afastamento das situações adversas na família. Subsídios para intervenções são discutidos.; The subjective well-being and stressful life events were investigated transversally (Study I), longitudinally (Study II), and as a group of Attrition (Study III) in a total sample of 1080 participants of both sexes...

Ambiente residencial e envelhecimento ativo: estudos sobre a relação entre bem-estar, relações sociais e lugar na terceira idade; Residential Environment and Active Aging: Studies about well-being, social relationships and place for the elderly

Lima, Ana Beatriz Rocha
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Tese
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.57%
Tese (Doutorado)—Universidade de Brasília, Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia Clínica e Cultura, 2011.; O envelhecimento humano provoca um aumento da vulnerabilidade das pessoas idosas frente a seu ambiente, surgindo a necessidade de compensar as perdas biológicas, cognitivas e comportamentais, decorrentes desse processo, com adaptações ambientais para prevenção de danos e promoção da qualidade de vida. Foram realizados dois estudos com o propósito de investigar a contribuição do ambiente residencial para o envelhecimento ativo. Para o estudo do ambiente residencial considerou-se as dimensões: a) ambiente físico, que se refere a tipo de moradia, propriedade, densidade, e acessibilidade; b) ambiente psicológico, que refere-se a privacidade, preferência e satisfação; c) ambiente familiar, que se refere a anos da vida adulta vividos na moradia atual, arranjo familiar e uso do espaço doméstico e d) vizinhança, que se refere a rede de apoio social, perigos, serviços e facilidades observados na comunidade. Para o estudo do envelhecimento ativo realizou-se uma avaliação da saúde com a aplicação de escalas que exploraram as dimensões física (capacidade funcional, acidentes, agravos a saúde, limitações físicas e prática de atividades físicas) e mental (bem-estar subjetivo...

Nursing students: Vulnerability/Health and well.being

Calado, Gabriela
Fonte: Atención Primária/Sociedad Española de Medicina de Familia y Comunitaria Publicador: Atención Primária/Sociedad Española de Medicina de Familia y Comunitaria
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.7%
Introduction: The Nursing student, in his transitional process and during higher education frequency, shares common issues, inherent to his young adult and undergraduate conditions. However the entrance and frequency in a course with the characteristics of a Nursing degree, particularly psychologically demanding, confronting the students with complex experiences, mainly in the emotional level,sometimes with several consequences, inclusively in his health condition and well-being. Objectives: Identify determinant factors in the transitive process of the nursing student, wich are enhancers in health vulnerabilities. Methods: This is a quantitative, descriptive, exploratory and cross-sectional study, conducted to a population of 250 students, attending a Nursing School, in the South of Portugal. The instruments used to collect the data included a sociodemographic questionnaire; the questionnaire on health status SF36-V2 (Ferreira, 2000) and the scale of well-being (Bradley, 2009). Results: Were significant predictors of change in the health and well-being of nursing students : gender (p = 0.006); satisfaction with the course (p = 0.015); year of the course (p = 0.000) and clinical teaching (p = 0.018) Conclusions: Being a Nursing student...

Menopause and midlife: menopausal symptoms, body weight and well-being

Pimenta, Filipa
Fonte: ISPA - Instituto Universitário Publicador: ISPA - Instituto Universitário
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.6%
Dissertação apresentado ao ISPA-Instituto Universitário para obtenção do grau de Doutor em Psicologia Aplicada: Especialidade Psicologia da Saúde; A menopausa tem sido genericamente definida como um fenómeno bio-médico, tendo como consequência a emergência de sintomas físicos e psicológicos decorrentes da diminuição de estrogénios endógenos. O presente trabalho pretende alargar esta conceptualização da menopausa, contextualizando-a no modelo bio-psico-sócio-cultural, explorando se variáveis pessoais (como a espiritualidade) e contextuais (por exemplo, acontecimentos de vida) podem predizer sintomas reconhecidos como de menopausa. É ainda objectivo deste estudo explorar que variáveis estão associadas ao aumento de peso na transição para a menopausa e na pós-menopausa, e se uma intervenção breve cognitivo-comportamental pode promover a diminuição de peso em mulheres com obesidade e excesso de peso. Finalmente, pretende-se construir um modelo causal de bem-estar subjectivo na meia-idade. Uma amostra comunitária constituída por 1.003 mulheres com idades compreendidas entre os 42 e os 60 anos, recolhida maioritariamente através de estabelecimentos de ensino na área de Lisboa, preencheu um questionário para recolha de informação sócio-demográfica...

Subjective well-being in socially vulnerable children and adolescents

Poletto,Michele; Koller,Silvia Helena
Fonte: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.57%
Subjective well-being has been defined as an association among positive affect, negative affect, and life satisfaction. This study aimed to investigate the subjective well-being of children and adolescents attending school and living with their families as compared to those living in youth offenders institutions. Two hundred ninety-seven children and adolescents in situations of social vulnerability aged between seven and sixteen years old (M = 11.22 years, SD = 2.13), 155 male (52.2%) and 142 female (47.8%) participated in the study. The instruments were a structured interview, a positive and negative affect scale, and a multidimensional life satisfaction scale. The results confirmed that institutionalized children/adolescents experienced more negative affect regarding development contexts. However, institutionalized children/adolescents did not differ from those living with their families in terms of life satisfaction and positive affect.

Kinds of well-being: A conceptual framework that provides direction for caring

Galvin, Kathleen T.; Todres, Les
Fonte: CoAction Publishing Publicador: CoAction Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 09/12/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.6%
This article offers a conceptual framework by which different kinds and levels of well-being can be named, and as such, provides a foundation for a resource-oriented approach in situations of illness and vulnerability (rather than a deficit-oriented approach). Building on a previous paper that articulated the philosophical foundations of an existential theory of well-being (“Dwelling-mobility”), we show here how the theory can be further developed towards practice-relevant concerns. We introduce 18 kinds of well-being that are intertwined and inter-related, and consider how each emphasis can lead to the formulation of resources that have the potential to give rise to well-being as a felt experience. By focusing on a much wider range of well-being possibilities, practitioners may find new directions for care that are not just literal but also at an existential level.

Identifying Psychosocial Stressors of Well-Being and Factors Related to Substance Use Among Latino Day Laborers

Negi, Nalini Junko
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.57%
Day labor is largely comprised of young Latino immigrant men, many of who are undocumented, and thus vulnerable to a myriad of workers’ rights abuses. The difficult work and life conditions of this marginalized population may place them at heightened risk for mental health problems and substance use and abuse. However, factors related to Latino day laborers’ well-being and substance misuse are largely unknown. This article utilizes ethnographic and focus group methodology to elucidate participant identified factors associated to well-being and substance use and abuse. This study has implications for informing public health and social service programming as it provides thick description regarding the context and circumstances associated to increased vulnerability to substance abuse and lack of well-being among this hard-to-reach population of Latino immigrants.

Stability and Vulnerability of the Latin American Middle Class

Torche, Florencia; Lopez-Calva, Luis F.
Fonte: Taylor and Francis Publicador: Taylor and Francis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.63%
Using panel data-sets from Mexico and Chile for the first years of the 21st century, the authors examine the determinants of middle-class intra-generational mobility. The middle class is defined by means of a latent index of economic well-being that is less sensitive to short-term fluctuation and measurement error than standard measures of income. The authors find high rates of both upward and downward mobility in Mexico and Chile, indicating that the middle class has opportunities to move to higher levels of well-being but is also vulnerable to falling into poverty. In both countries, labour-market resources (education and occupational status of the household head and number of members in the labour market) are much stronger determinants of mobility than demographic factors, suggesting the importance of policies that foster human capital and protect workers from shocks. Rural middle-class households are substantially more vulnerable to falling into poverty and have little chance of advancing to upper classes than their urban counterparts.

Vulnerability to poverty in selected Central Asian countries

Jha, Raghbendra; Dang, Ngoc
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Journal article; Published Version Formato: 34 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.73%
In the extant literature either income or consumption expenditures as measured over short periods of time have been regarded as a proxy for the material well-being of households. However, economists have long recognized that a household’s sense of well-being depends not just on its average income or expenditures, but also on the risks it faces and its ability to deal with these risks. Hence vulnerability is a more satisfactory measure of welfare. In this study we used the concept of vulnerability as expected poverty to assess the household vulnerability to poverty in four Central Asian countries: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. Except for Tajikistan, headcount poverty and vulnerability rates are significantly different. We also find that vulnerability differs significantly across households by location and selected household characteristics. In this paper we use a simple empirical measurement that allows estimating the headcount vulnerability to poverty using cross-section data. This measurement is based on the strong assumption that households have the same conditional distribution of consumption in a stationary environment. While this approach cannot capture all dimensions of vulnerability, it at least begins to raise the policy issue that vulnerability should be considered alongside poverty.; Article written under name Tu Dang. ISSN on article is 1722-4667

Youth Well-Being in Brazil : An Index for Cross-Regional Comparisons

Dell'Aglio, Debora; Cunningham, Wendy; Koller, Silvia; Cassepp Borges, Vicente; Severo Leon, Joana
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.56%
This study constructs three indices to measure how well Brazil's young people are surviving their transition to adulthood. Youth development is difficult to quantify because of the multi-dimensionality of youth behavior. Most monitoring use individual indicators in specific sectors, making it difficult to track overall progress. The study adapts to the Brazilian case a methodology developed by Duke University to measure the well-being of U.S. children and youth. It uses readily available data to construct three indices for each Brazilian state based on 36 indicators encompassing the health, behavior, school performance, institutional connectedness, and socioeconomic conditions. The indices conclude that young people in the states of Santa Catarina and the Federal District are doing particularly well and those in Alagoas and Pernambuco are the worst off. While these rankings are expected to continue into the next generation, young people in other states have a brighter (Espiritu Santo) or more dismal (Rio Grande de Sul...

Educational, Economic Welfare and Subjective Well-Being in Afghanistan

Auturupane, Harsha; Gunatilake, Ramani; Shojo, Mari; Ebenezer, Roshini
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.63%
Education is universally recognized as one of the key determinants of socio-economic security and welfare. The link between education and increased individual earnings has been widely documented: there is a large body of cross-country evidence that education enhances the employability, productivity and income earning capacity of individuals. The impact of educational attainment on these various socio-economic indicators has been shown to vary by region, sub-region, gender, age, by income levels, and other variables. In this paper, we focus on the socio-economic impact of educational attainment in Afghanistan. Afghanistan presents a fairly unique context for examining the association between education and the socio-economic variable discussed above. It is a conflict-affected country, with strong and rich cultural and religious traditions. It also has some of the worst developmental indicators and in the world. Using data from the National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (NRVA) survey of 2007/08, authors investigate the extent to which the educational attainment of men and women is associated with greater economic welfare and less likelihood of being poor. The analysis is divided into four parts: part one looks education and other factors associated with household economic welfare and the probability of being poor; part two focuses on the education and other factors associated with women's participation in the labor force; part three looks at the association of mother's education with health-related outcomes of children; and part four looks at the association between educational attainment of girls and women...

Psychosocial Distress and Well-Being among Acholi Women in Northern Uganda

Horn, Rebecca
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.55%
This paper addresses two main topics: the effects of conflict on the psychological; and well-being of women methodological issues related to the measurement of psychological well-being. The literature on these topics is reviewed, and data from a qualitative study conducted in northern Uganda is used to explore them in more depth. Finally, the paper considers the ways in which conflict has contributed to women's psychological distress in northern Uganda, and the implications of this study for future programming and research.

Ecosystem services in practice: well-being and vulnerability of two European urban areas

Depietri, Yaella
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
115.79%
La gran mayoría de la población europea habita en ciudades y el mejoramiento de la calidad de vida en zonas urbanas constituye un objectivo primordial de las políticas gubernamentales. Las ciudades se ven típicamente afectadas por apiñamientos, tráfico intenso, contaminación atmosférica y acústica, y factores que aumentan su vulnerabilidad con respecto a riesgos naturales. Esta Tesis explica cómo los ecosistemas contribuyen a mejorar la habitabilidad de las ciudades, con foco en zonas urbanas europeas medianas, sirviéndose para ello de estudios empíricos integrados (por ejemplo cualitativos y cuantitativos o socio-ecológicos), así como estudios relevantes con respecto a las medidas a tomar por las autoridades gubernamentales. Explora cómo y porqué las zonas urbanas pueden beneficiarse, en términos del bienestar de sus habitantes y de la reducción de las vulnerabilidad frente a riesgos naturales, de una más amplia gama de medidas y soluciones cuando se tienen en cuenta en forma apropriada los aspectos ecológicos utilizando diferentes escalas geográficas. La revisión de la literatura consultada para esta Tesis comprueba que las funciones reguladoras de los sistemas ecológicos a menudo proveen alternativas eficientes y rentables o soluciones complementarias para las infraestructuras que contribuyen a asegurar el bienestar de la población urbanas y reducir el riesgo de desastres. La investigación empírica en la ciudad de Colonia (Alemania) demuestra que las variables medioambientales juegan un rol central y decisivo...

Public health and fear of crime: a prospective cohort study

Jackson, Jonathan; Stafford, Mai
Fonte: Oxford University Press on behalf of the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies (ISTD) Publicador: Oxford University Press on behalf of the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies (ISTD)
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /11/2009 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.42%
Public insecurities about crime are widely assumed to erode individual well-being and community cohesion. Yet, robust evidence on the link between worry about crime and health is surprisingly scarce. This paper draws on data from a prospective cohort study (the Whitehall II study) to show a strong statistical effect of mental health and physical functioning on worry about crime. Combining with existing evidence, we suggest a feedback model in which worry about crime harms health, which, in turn, serves to heighten worry about crime. We conclude with the idea that, while fear of crime may express a whole set of social and political anxieties, there is a core to worry about crime that is implicated in real cycles of decreased health and perceived vulnerability to victimization. The challenge for future study is to integrate core aspects of the everyday experience of fear of crime with the more layered and expressive features of this complex social phenomenon.

Assessing the relationship between human well-being and ecosystem services: a review of frameworks

Agarwala, Matthew; Atkinson, Giles; Fry, Benjamin Palmer; Homewood, Katherine; Mourato, Susana; Rowcliffe, J. Marcus; Wallace, Graham; Milner-Gulland, E. J.
Fonte: Medknow Publications Pvt. Ltd. Publicador: Medknow Publications Pvt. Ltd.
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /10/2014 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.62%
Focusing on the most impoverished populations, we critically review and synthesise key themes from dominant frameworks for assessing the relationship between well-being and ecosystem services in developing countries. This requires a differentiated approach to conceptualising well-being that appropriately reflects the perspectives of the poorest-those most directly dependent on ecosystem services, and their vulnerability to external and policy-driven environmental change. The frameworks analysed draw upon environmental sciences, economics, psychology, sociology, and anthropology, and were selected on the basis of their demonstrated or potential ability to illustrate the relationship between environmental change and human well-being, as well as their prevalence in real world applications. Thus, the synthesis offered here is informed by the various theoretical, methodological, and hermeneutical contributions from each field to the notion of well-being. The review highlights several key dimensions that should be considered by those interested in understanding and assessing the impact of environmental change on the well-being of the world's poorest people: the importance of interdisciplinary consideration of well-being, the need for frameworks that integrate subjective and objective aspects of well-being...

Vulnerability and poverty: An assets, resources and capabilities impact study of low-income groups in Bogota

Lampis, Andrea
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.69%
This research analyzes the dynamics of vulnerability in Bogota through a study conducted on a 900 households sample during 1997 and 1998. It builds on Moser's key findings and her Assets Vulnerability Framework, concentrating on causal relations between critical life events faced by households, the causes that directly determine them, the consequences or short-term impacts these events implied and, finally, the strategies they adopted in order to face, cope with, as well as react to them. The main added value of the research can be found on the methodological ground. That is, in a further operationalisation of vulnerability analysis as a tool for poverty studies and micro-level livelihoods-centered social policy. The insights provided to answer the main question concerning the research question about the possibility to operationalise vulnerability analysis beyond Moser's Assets Vulnerability Framework show that this is possible on the basis of life events-related vulnerability patterns employment, which have in income-generation, health, violence and the inner dynamic of the household are the interlocking epicenters of a crisis that involves simultaneously a number of dimensions in the lives of low-income groups in Bogota, well beyond the lack of income. Confirming Moser...

Late effect of the Second Lebanon War: Level of exposure and rates of comorbidity of posttraumatic stress symptoms and depresisve symptoms among Israelis from Northern and Center Israel

Ben-Ezra,Menachem; Palgi,Yuval; Shira,Amit
Fonte: The European Journal of Psychiatry Publicador: The European Journal of Psychiatry
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.5%
Background and Objectives: The objective of the present study was to examine comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and depressive symptoms in the aftermath of war related stress among two groups differentiated by their level of exposure to the war. Methods: 336 Israeli citizens were assessed using a convenience sample creating two groups from Northern and Central Israel. The former were exposed to missile attacks while the latter were indirectly exposed to war-related stress. The participants provided demographical information and filled a battery of questionnaire that assessed their physical health, mental health, and subjective well-being. Results: The Northern group exhibited higher level of comorbidity, depressive symptoms and past satisfaction. Moreover, higher levels of depressive symptoms, psychosomatic symptoms and lower satisfaction with life in the past were associated with higher levels of PTSD symptoms. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the long-term effect of war is more salient when examining comorbidity of PTSD and depressive symptoms rather than when examining PTSD or depressive symptoms alone. In line with the dose-response model, it can be assumed that higher exposure to war related stress is related to higher levels of exposure that may lead to a long lasting vulnerability as it appears in a combination of PTSD symptoms and depressive symptoms two years later.

The association between previous psychological trauma and mental health among gastric cancer patients

Ben-Ezra,Menachem; Palgi,Yuval; Shrira,Amit; Abrahami,Yael; Hodedi,Etti; Haber,Yeela; Wolf,Jonathan Jacob; Goldray,Orit; Shacham-Shmueli,Einat
Fonte: The European Journal of Psychiatry Publicador: The European Journal of Psychiatry
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.57%
Background and Objectives: This study explores the association between previous trauma and psychiatric symptoms and well-being among gastric cancer patients. Based on the vulnerability model, it was hypothesized that cancer patients who report a history of trauma would exhibit higher level of psychiatric symptoms and lower well-being. Methods: A sample of 123 consecutive cancer patients was interviewed and administered a battery of questionnaires in order to assess their psychiatric symptoms, well-being along with demographics and health behaviors in a cross-sectional design. The patients were divided based on previous exposure to psychological trauma. A set of hierarchical linear regressions was conduced in order to learn the association between previous trauma and mental health. Results: Patients who reported previous exposure to trauma did not differ in the level of psychiatric symptoms from patients who did not report previous history of psychological trauma. However, the former had significantly lower future life satisfaction and lower level of perceived social support. After controlling for covariates, patients who reported previous exposure also had higher levels of depressive symptoms. Conclusions: The study results may suggest that the association between previous trauma and mental health of gastric cancer patients is more complex. Cancer patients who report a history of psychological trauma and who face an immediate threat to life do not differ on most indices...