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Consumo alimentar na gestação e ganho ponderal: um estudo de coorte de gestantes da zona oeste do município de São Paulo; Dietary intake and weight gain during pregnancy: a cohort study of pregnant women in western São Paulo

Santana, Andreia Cardoso de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/08/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
Introdução: O ambiente obesogênico atual faz com que práticas alimentares não saudáveis, exerçam influência sobre o ganho ponderal na gestação. O ganho de peso excessivo associa-se a várias complicações da gravidez e é um forte preditor de sobrepeso/obesidade das mulheres no pós-parto. Objetivos: 1) - Descrever o consumo alimentar durante a gestação. 2) avaliar sua influência sobre o ganho de peso semanal no segundo e terceiro trimestre. 3) - Avaliar o percentual de ganho ponderal excessivo e insuficiente de acordo com o estado nutricional pré-gestacional, segundo o IOM 2009. Metodologia: Realizou-se estudo de coorte com 195 gestantes adultas, saudáveis, de gestação única e com idade gestacional inicial inferior a 16 semanas. A captação ocorreu em 3 unidades básicas de saúde da região do Butantã, entre abril de 2011 e agosto de 2012. Foram aplicados questionários socioeconômicos, questionário de freqüência alimentar e 2 recordatórios de 24 horas (R24hs) por trimestre de gestação. As medidas antropométricas foram aferidas uma vez em cada trimestre gestacional. O ganho ponderal foi obtido pela diferença entre o peso medido na última e na primeira entrevista (X= 10,7 semanas), expresso como média de ganho semanal. A influência do consumo alimentar sobre o ganho ponderal foi analisada mediante regressão linear simples e múltipla ajustada por potenciais variáveis de confusão. Estimou-se a adequação do ganho semanal de acordo com o estado nutricional pré-gestacional...

Índice de massa corporal pré-gestacional, fatores relacionados à gestação e ganho de peso materno em unidades básicas de saúde no Sul do Brasi : estudo do consumo e do comportamento alimentar na gestação - ECCAGe; Pre-pregnancy body mass index, pregnancy related factors and maternal weight gain in general practices in southern Brazil – The ECCAGe Study

Drehner, Michele
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.35%
Introdução: O ganho de peso gestacional é um indicador de saúde materno-fetal, estando associado com duração da gestação, tipo de parto, peso do bebê ao nascer e retenção de peso materno pós-parto, cujos determinantes podem ser o estado nutricional prégestacional, o consumo alimentar e os fatores sociais. Objetivos: Descrever o ganho de peso total de gestantes atendidas em unidades básicas de saúde e sua associação com o estado nutricional pré-gestacional, com fatores sóciodemográficos e relacionados à gestação. Delineamento: Estudo de coorte prospectivo de gestantes arroladas consecutivamente entre a 16a e 36a semanas e seguidas até o parto. Cenário: Serviços de pré-natal na rede básica de saúde em duas cidades do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Método: Na linha de base, foram realizadas entrevistas padronizadas incluindo questionários de freqüência alimentar, de características sócio-demográficas e de dados clínicos das gestantes. O seguimento ocorreu até o pós-parto imediato, sendo coletado o peso da gestante registrado em cada consulta de pré-natal. O ganho de peso foi classificado em “adequado”, “insuficiente” e “excessivo” conforme recomendação do Institute of Medicine (1990). Regressão logística polinomial foi utilizada para estimar a associação entre categorias de ganho de peso e estado nutricional pré-gestacional e fatores sóciodemográficos e gestacionais. Resultados: As incidências de ganho de peso insuficiente e excessivo das 667 gestantes amostradas foram de 29...

Socioeconomic, demographic and nutritional factors associated with maternal weight gain in general practices in Southern Brazil; Fatores socioeconômicos, demográficos e nutricionais associados com ganho de peso gestacional em unidades básicas de saúde no Sul do Brasil

Drehmer, Michele; Camey, Suzi Alves; Schmidt, Maria Inês; Olinto, Maria Teresa Anselmo; Giacomello, Andressa; Buss, Caroline; Melere, Cristiane; Hoffmann, Juliana; Manzolli, Patricia Portantiolo; Soares, Rafael Marques; Ozcariz, Silvia; Nunes, Maria Ange
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
Para caracterizar o ganho ponderal gestacional e sua associação com estado nutricional pré-gestacional e fatores relacionados à gravidez, realizou-se estudo de coorte com gestantes arroladas consecutivamente entre a 16a e a 36a semanas, e seguidas até o parto em serviços da rede básica de saúde do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Informações do peso da gestante em cada consulta de pré-natal foram obtidas. Ganho de peso foi classificado conforme o Instituto de Medicina dos Estados Unidos. Regressão de Poisson com variância robusta foi utilizada. Incidências de ganho de peso insuficiente e excessivo das 667 gestantes foram de 25,8% e 44,8%, respectivamente. Gestantes com sobrepeso e obesidade pré-gestacional apresentaram risco para ganho ponderal excessivo (RR: 1,75; IC95%: 1,48-2,07 e RR: 1,55; IC95%: 1,23-1,96). Gestantes com menos de seis consultas de pré-natal tiveram risco de 52% de ganhar peso insuficiente. Embora o ganho ponderal insuficiente persista como um problema de saúde pública, o ganho excessivo está se configurando como uma questão que precisa de atenção imediata nos serviços de pré-natal.; In order to describe adequacy of weight gain during pregnancy and its association with pre-pregnancy nutritional status and other factors...

Obesity and gestacional weight gain : cesarean delivery and labor complications; Obesidade e ganho de peso gestacional : cesariana e complicações de parto

Seligman, Luiz Carlos; Duncan, Bruce Bartholow; Branchtein, Leandro; Gaio, Dea Suzana Miranda; Mengue, Sotero Serrate; Schmidt, Maria Inês
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Ganho de peso excessivo mostrou a maior associação com cesariana entre obesas (RR=2,2; IC 95%: 1,4-3,2) para 4o vs 2o quartil. Maior peso pré-gravídico esteve associado com risco ajustado significativamente aumentado para mecônio no parto vaginal e com prematuridade, morte perinatal ou infecção na cesariana. Similarmente, grande ganho de peso aumentou o risco para mecônio e hemorragia materna no parto vaginal e com prematuridade na cesariana. CONCLUSÕES: A obesidade pré-gestacional e o ganho de peso excessivo aumentaram de forma independente o risco de cesariana e vários resultados adversos durante o parto vaginal. Esses achados oferecem evidências adicionais aos efeitos negativos da obesidade pré-gravídica e do ganho de peso excessivo na gravidez e parto.; OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between pre-gestational obesity and weight gain with cesarean delivery and labor complications. METHODS: A total of 4,486 women 20-28 weeks pregnant attending general prenatal care clinics of the national health system in Brazil from 1991 to 1995 were enrolled and followed up through birth. Body mass index categories based on prepregnancy weight and total weight gain were calculated. Associations between body mass index categories and labor complications were adjusted through logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Obesity was present in 308 (6.9%) patients. Cesarean delivery was performed in 164 (53.2%) obese...

Obesity and gestational weight gain: cesarean delivery and labor complications

Seligman,Luiz Carlos; Duncan,Bruce Bartholow; Branchtein,Leandro; Gaio,Dea Suzana Miranda; Mengue,Sotero Serrate; Schmidt,Maria Inês
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between pre-gestational obesity and weight gain with cesarean delivery and labor complications. METHODS: A total of 4,486 women 20-28 weeks pregnant attending general prenatal care clinics of the national health system in Brazil from 1991 to 1995 were enrolled and followed up through birth. Body mass index categories based on prepregnancy weight and total weight gain were calculated. Associations between body mass index categories and labor complications were adjusted through logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Obesity was present in 308 (6.9%) patients. Cesarean delivery was performed in 164 (53.2%) obese, 407 (43.1%) pre-obese, 1,045 (35.1%) normal weight and 64 (24.5%) underweight women. The relative risk for cesarean delivery in obese women was 1.8 (95% CI: 1.5-2.0) compared to normal weight women. Greater weight gain was particularly associated with cesarean among the obese (RR 4th vs 2nd weight gain quartile 2.2; 95% CI: 1.4-3.2). Increased weight at the beginning of pregnancy was associated with a significantly higher adjusted risk of meconium with vaginal delivery and perinatal death and infection in women submitted to cesarean section. Similarly, greater weight gain during pregnancy increased the risk for meconium and hemorrhage in women submitted to vaginal delivery and for prematurity with cesarean. CONCLUSIONS: Pre-gestational obesity and greater weight gain independently increase the risk of cesarean delivery...

Socioeconomic, demographic and nutritional factors associated with maternal weight gain in general practices in Southern Brazil

Drehmer,Michele; Camey,Suzi; Schmidt,Maria Inês; Olinto,Maria Teresa Anselmo; Giacomello,Andressa; Buss,Caroline; Melere,Cristiane; Hoffmann,Juliana; Manzolli,Patricia; Soares,Rafael Marques; Ozcariz,Silvia; Nunes,Maria Angélica Antunes
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
In order to describe adequacy of weight gain during pregnancy and its association with pre-pregnancy nutritional status and other factors, a cohort study of pregnant women enrolled at 16-36 weeks of gestation and followed up until delivery was carried out in prenatal care in primary care services in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Maternal weight was recorded at each prenatal care visit. Weight gain was classified as "adequate," "insufficient" or "excessive" (Institute of Medicine). Poisson regression was used to measure the associations. The sample was comprised of 667 women, and insufficient and excessive weight gain incidences were 25.8% and 44.8%, respectively. Overweight and obese before pregnancy had a significant increased risk of excessive weight gain in pregnancy (RR: 1.75; 95%CI: 1.48-2.07, RR: 1.55; 95%CI: 1.23-1.96, respectively). Women with fewer than six prenatal visits had a 52% increased risk for weight gain below recommended values. Although insufficient weight gain may still be a public health problem, excessive gain is becoming a concern that needs immediate attention in prenatal care.

Factors associated with gestational weight gain in pregnant women in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2008

Fraga,Ana Claudia Santos Amaral; Theme Filha,Mariza Miranda
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Inadequate weight gain during pregnancy is an important predictor of complications for the mother and infant. This cross-sectional study assessed factors associated with inadequate weight gain among women in the third trimester of pregnancy who received prenatal care under the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from November 2007 to July 2008. A total of 1,079 pregnant women were interviewed, and adequacy of weight gain was obtained by calculating weight gain as recommended by the U.S. Institute of Medicine. Social, demographic, and obstetric factors were analyzed as independent variables. A multinomial logistic regression model was used, and pregnant women with weight gain below or above the recommended levels were compared to those with adequate weight gain. Low schooling was associated with insufficient weight gain, while excessive gain was observed in women with hypertension and pre-gestational underweight, overweight, and obesity. Nutritional assessment during prenatal care is essential, and interventions should target cases of inadequate weight gain in order to prevent complications for the mother and infant.

Association between maternal and fetal weight gain: cohort study

Costa,Bárbara Miranda Ferreira; Paulinelli,Régis Resende; Barbosa,Maria Alves
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Excessive gestational weight gain is related to many complications (both maternal and fetal), such as macrosomia. The most common complications in macrosomic fetuses include: increased risk of intrauterine death, need for intensive care, fractures, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, paralysis of the brachial plexus and obesity in childhood and adulthood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between gestational and fetal weight gain and the incidence of macrosomia in two maternity hospitals. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cohort study in two public maternity hospitals in Goiânia, Brazil. METHODS: This was a cohort study on 200 healthy pregnant women with normal body mass index, divided into two groups: one with normal weight gain and the other with excessive weight gain during pregnancy. RESULTS: The cohorts were similar regarding maternal age, per capita income, schooling level and reproductive behavior. The fetal weight was greater in the cohort with excessive maternal weight gain (3,388.83 g ± 514.44 g) than in the cohort with normal weight (3,175.86 g ± 413.70 g) (P < 0.01). The general incidence of macrosomia was 6.5%: 13.0% (13 cases) in the cohort with excessive maternal weight gain and 0.0% (0 cases) in the cohort with adequate weight gain. CONCLUSION: Excessive maternal weight gain was associated with increased fetal birth weight and incidence of macrosomia.

Early-life weight and weight gain as predictors of obesity in Brazilian adolescents

Fernandes,Maria Teresa Bechere; Ferraro,Alexandre Archanjo; Pires,Adriana; Santos,Erica; Schvartsman,Claudio
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
OBJECTIVE: To test whether weight and the weight gain rate during different age periods are associated with being overweight/obese at 10 years of age. METHODS: A nested case-control study was performed in a clinical historic cohort that was selected based on medical records from the Albert Einstein Hospital Social Program in São Paulo, Brazil. A sample of 378 eutrophic and overweight/obese children was analyzed. RESULTS: After adjusting for birth weight and gestational age, the likelihood of being overweight/obese at 10 years of age was 4.04-fold greater when progressing from one quartile of weight gain to the immediately superior quartile in the first semester of life and 3.24-fold greater when this occurred from 2-5 years of age. A one-quartile change in weight gain in the first semester was associated with a 0.5 z-score increase in BMI at age 10. A robust independent effect of weight at age 5 confirmed that earlier weight gain was an important predictor. CONCLUSIONS: The amount of weight gain during the first 6 months of life and between 2 and 5 years of age and weight at age 5 were important predictors of overweight/obesity at 10 years of age.

Physical Activity and Weight Gain Prevention in Older Men

Shiroma, Eric Jitsuo; Sesso, Howard David; Lee, I-Min
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
Background: Physical activity and adiposity are important predictors of mortality, even in older individuals. However, it is unclear how much physical activity is needed to prevent weight gain in older persons. Purpose To examine the associations of different amounts of physical activity with weight gain prevention in older men. Methods: 5,973 healthy men (mean age, 65.0 y) from the Harvard Alumni Health Study were followed from 1988 to 1998. At baseline (1988), in 1993, and 1998, men reported their recreational physical activity and body weight. Physical activity was categorized as: <7.5 MET-hr/week (7.5 MET-hr/week corresponds to the minimum required by the 2008 US federal guidelines), 7.5 to <21 MET-hr/week (21 MET-hr/week corresponds to the 2002 Institute of Medicine [IOM] guideline), and ≥21 MET-hr/week. Meaningful weight gain was defined as an increase of ≥3% of body weight. Results: Overall, weight tended to be stable over any 5-year period; mean change, −0.08 (SD=4.44) kg. However, ~21% of men experienced meaningful weight gain over any 5-year period. In multivariate analyses, compared to men expending ≥21 MET-hr/week, those expending 7.5 to <21 MET-hr/week had an odds ratio (OR) of 1.35 (95% confidence interval: 1.03...

Influência da alimentação no ganho de peso materno e fetal; Dietary influence on weight gain among pregnant women and birthweight

COSTA, Bárbara Miranda Ferreira
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Doutorado em Ciencias da Saude; Ciencias da Saude Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Doutorado em Ciencias da Saude; Ciencias da Saude
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
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66.37%
Introduction: The excessive gestational weight gain can cause harmful consequences for both the mother and for the fetus. The feeding of the pregnant women may be responsible for this weight gain above the recommendations. Objectives: to evaluate the techniques for control of the weight gain during pregnancy, the food groups related to an increased weight gain during pregnancy and the association between gestational weight gain and fetal birth weight. Methods: Article 1: a systematic review of the techniques used to control weight gain. The Medline, Scielo, Pubmed and Cochrane databases were evaluated between November and December 2011 for the selection of randomized trials on the control of maternal weight gain in healthy pregnant women. Articles 2 and 3: case-control and cohort studies that included 200 low-risk pregnant women in two public obstetric hospitals in Goiás, Brazil. The women that agreed to this study were divided in two groups: cases with excessive weight gain (> 16Kg) and controls within the recommended weight gain for eutrophic pregnant (11.50 < a < 16Kg), matched on age. The women were inquired about their food intake during the gestational period, by means of a quantitative and qualitative food-frequency questionnaire validated and adapted to the low income regional people. The software for statistical analyze were the SPSS version 17.0. Were used the folowing tests: Kolmogorov-Smirnov...

Repercussões dos fatores socioeconômicos, de estilo de vida e nutricionais no ganho ponderal excessivo no ciclo gravídico-puerperal; Impact of socioeconomic factors, lifestyle and nutrition in excessive weight gain during pregnancy and postpartum

COSTA, Bárbara Miranda Ferreira
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciências da Saúde; Ciências da Saúde - Medicina
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
The excessive gestational weight gain can cause harmful consequences for both the mother and for the fetus. Nutritional, lifestyle, economic and social factors can affect the weight gain above recommendations. Objectives: To evaluate the nutritional (caloric intake, macro and micronutrients), lifestyle (smoking, physical activity, reproductive behavior) and economic (income) factors associated with the excessive weight gain in eutrophic pregnant women. Methods: This case-control study included 200 low-risk pregnant women in 2 public obstetric hospitals in Goiás, Brazil. The women that agreed to this study were divided in 2 groups: cases with excessive weight gain (> 16Kg) and controls within the recommended weight gain for eutrophic pregnant (11.50 < a < 16Kg), matched on age. The women were inquired about their food intake during the gestational period, by means of a quantitative and qualitative food-frequency questionnaire validated and adapted to the low income regional people. The women were inquired about their economic and lifestyle conditions, too. The software for statistical analyze were the SPSS version 17.0. Were used the folowing tests: Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Fisher, Student´s t, chi-square (x²), odds ratio (CI 95%), Mann-Whitney...

Socioeconomic Position in Childhood and Adulthood and Weight Gain over 34 Years: The Alameda County Study

Baltrus, P.; Everson-Rose, S.; Lynch, J.; Raghunathan, T.; Kaplan, G.
Fonte: Elsevier Science Inc Publicador: Elsevier Science Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
PURPOSE: Socioeconomic position (SEP) has been shown to be related to obesity and weight gain, especially among women. It is unclear how different measures of socioeconomic position may impact weight gain over long periods of time, and whether the effect of different measures vary by gender and age group. We examined the effect of childhood socioeconomic position, education, occupation, and log household income on a measure of weight gain using individual growth mixed regression models and Alameda County Study data collected over thirty four years(1965-1999). METHODS: Analyses were performed in four groups stratified by gender and age at baseline: women, 17-30 years (n = 945) and 31-40 years (n = 712); men, 17-30 years (n = 766) and 31-40 years (n = 608). RESULTS: Low childhood SEP was associated with increased weight gain among women 17-30 (0.13 kg/year, p < 0.001). Low educational status was associated with increased weight gain among women 17-30 (0.14 kg/year, p = 0.030), 31-40 (0.14 kg/year, p = 0.014), and men 17-30 (0.20 kg/year, p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Log household income was inversely associated with weight gain among men 31-40 (-0.10 kg/yr, p = 0.16). Long-term weight gain in adulthood is associated with childhood SEP and education in women and education and income in men.; Peter Thomas Baltrus...

Body weight at early and middle adulthood, weight gain and persistent overweight from early adulthood are predictors of the risk of total knee and hip replacement for osteoarthritis

Wang, Y.; Wluka, A.; Simpson, J.; Giles, G.; Graves, S.; de Steiger, R.; Cicuttini, F.
Fonte: Oxford Univ Press Publicador: Oxford Univ Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Objectives. To examine the relationships between weight at early and middle adulthood and adult weight gain and the risk of total knee and hip replacement for OA. Methods. At baseline interview during 1990–94, 38 149 participants [mean age 54.9 (s.d. 8.6) years] of the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study were asked to recall their weight at age 18–21 years and had their middle age height and weight measured. Total knee and hip replacement for OA between 2001 and 2009 was determined by linking the cohort records to the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry. Results. Greater weight and BMI at age 18–21 years and middle age, weight gain and persistent overweight during this time were associated with an increased risk of total knee and hip replacement. Middle age weight [hazard ratio (HR) per 5 kg 1.25 (95% CI 1.23, 1.27) for knee vs 1.11 (1.09, 1.14) for hip] and BMI [HR per 5 kg/m2 1.80 (1.72, 1.89) vs 1.29 (1.21, 1.37)] and adult weight gain [HR per 5 kg 1.25 (1.23, 1.28) vs 1.10 (1.07, 1.13)] were more strongly associated with the risk of total knee replacement than total hip replacement (P for heterogeneity of HRs <0.0001). Conclusion. Greater body weight and BMI at early and middle adulthood...

Effect of body image on gestational weight gain in overweight and obese women

Sui, Z.; Turnbull, D.; Dodd, J.
Fonte: Elsevier BV Publicador: Elsevier BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
PROBLEM OR BACKGROUND: There is little information available describing how women who are overweight or obese in pregnancy perceive their bodies, and in particular the effect of body image dissatisfaction on gestational weight gain. QUESTION: To describe how women who are overweight or obese in pregnancy perceive their body, and the effect of body image on gestational weight gain. METHODS: This prospective nested cohort study evaluated self estimation of body weight, preferred body shape, dieting behavior, satisfaction with body weight and shape, and gestational weight gain in pregnant women who were overweight or obese, through self-completed questionnaire in early pregnancy in South Australia from October 2010 to February 2012. FINDINGS: Of the 442 women who completed the questionnaire, 25.8% correctly identified their BMI, with 70.1% under-estimating and 4.1% over-estimating their BMI. Women who were obese were significantly less likely to correctly identify their BMI, as were younger women. Women who incorrectly identified their BMI were significantly more likely to have higher gestational weight gain (P<0.001). Approximately 45% of women indicated dissatisfaction with their weight or body shape, with this being more common in women of higher parity and higher BMI. Dissatisfaction was significantly related to gestational weight gain. CONCLUSION: Women who report increasing dissatisfaction with their body size and shape are more likely to gain excessive weight during pregnancy. Further research should explore insights about maternal body image and diet related behaviors.; Zhixian Sui...

Sugar sweetened beverages and weight gain over 4 years in a Thai national cohort – a prospective analysis

Lim, Lynette; Banwell, Cathy; Bain, Chris; Banks, Emily; Seubsman, Sam-ang; Kelly, Matthew; Yiengprugsawan, Vasoontara; Sleigh, Adrian
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 10 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
INTRODUCTION Sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) are implicated in the rising prevalence of obesity and diet-related chronic diseases worldwide. However, little is known about their contribution to weight gain in Asian populations. This study aimed to investigate weight change associated with SSB consumption between 2005 and 2009 in a large national cohort of Thai university students. METHODS Questionnaire data were collected from a large Thai cohort (the Thai Health-Risk Transition: a National Cohort Study). The analysis was based on responses from 59 283 of the 60 569 (98%) cohort members who had valid SSB consumption and weight variables in 2005 and 2009. The relationship between SSB consumption in 2005 and self-reported weight change was analysed using multiple linear regression models controlled for socio-demographic, activity and (non-validated) dietary factors shown to influence weight. RESULTS Higher frequency of SSB consumption in 2005 was significantly associated with greater weight gain between 2005 and 2009 in all age groups and in both sexes (p<0.0001); persons who consumed SSBs at least once a day in 2005 gained 0.5 kg more than those who consumed SSBs less than once a month. The estimated weight gain for the average person in the sample was 1.9 kg (95% C I 1.95-1.96). The difference in weight gain between those who increased their consumption frequency ( once per day) between 2005 and 2009 compared to those who maintained it was 0.3 kgs...

Ganho de peso gestacional : recomendações e adequação entre mulheres brasileiras = Gestational weight gain: recommendation and adequacy among Brazilian women; Gestational weight gain : recommendation and adequacy among Brazilian women

Ana Carolina Godoy
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/02/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.37%
Objetivos: Verificar o ganho de peso gestacional das mulheres de Campinas - SP, as recomendações utilizadas no Brasil para o ganho ponderal na gravidez e a proporção de mulheres que aderem essas recomendações. Métodos: foi realizado um estudo do tipo corte transversal na cidade de Campinas - SP que incluiu 1052 mulheres no puerpério imediato, internadas em três maternidades selecionadas, com recém-nascido vivo e gestação única. As participantes foram entrevistadas e responderam às questões sobre dados sociodemográficos e os dados da gestação, do parto, do recém-nascido foram extraídos dos prontuários. O peso pré-gestacional, peso na última consulta e altura da mulher foram extraídos do cartão de pré-natal. Também foi realizada uma revisão sistemática dos artigos que avaliaram as recomendações sobre ganho de peso na gestação em mulheres brasileiras e a adequação do ganho poderal nessas mulheres. Resultados: Nos dados originais da cidade de Campinas encontramos que 13,6% das mulheres eram obesas e 24,6% apresentavm sobrepeso, e que nesses grupos o ganho de peso excessivo foi de 55,9% e 53,7% respectivamente. O sobrepeso e a obesidade se associaram com maior risco para ganho de peso excessivo e parto cesariana. A prematuridade foi mais prevalente nas obesas e em mulheres com baixo IMC pré-gestacional. Na revisão sistemática foram incluídos 17 estudos...

Obesidade e ganho de peso gestacional: cesariana e complicações de parto; Obesity and gestational weight gain: cesarean delivery and labor complications

Seligman, Luiz Carlos; Duncan, Bruce Bartholow; Branchtein, Leandro; Gaio, Dea Suzana Miranda; Mengue, Sotero Serrate; Schmidt, Maria Inês
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2006 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação de obesidade pré-gestacional e ganho de peso excessivo com cesariana e outras complicações do parto. MÉTODOS: Um total de 4.486 mulheres com 20-28 semanas de gravidez do pré-natal geral do Sistema Único de Saúde de seis capitais brasileiras foram arroladas entre 1991-1995 e seguidas até o parto. As categorias do índice de massa corporal e o ganho de peso total foram calculados com base no peso pré-gestacional. Associações entre estas categorias nutricionais e complicações do parto foram ajustadas por regressão logística. RESULTADOS: A obesidade foi observada em 308 (6,9%) pacientes. As cesarianas ocorreram em 164 (53,2%) obesas, 407 (43,1%) pré-obesas, 1.045 (35,1%) normais e em 64 (24,5%) mulheres de baixo peso. O risco relativo para cesariana na comparação de obesas com grávidas de peso normal foi 1,8 (IC 95%: 1.5-2.0). Ganho de peso excessivo mostrou a maior associação com cesariana entre obesas (RR=2,2; IC 95%: 1,4-3,2) para 4º vs 2º quartil. Maior peso pré-gravídico esteve associado com risco ajustado significativamente aumentado para mecônio no parto vaginal e com prematuridade, morte perinatal ou infecção na cesariana. Similarmente, grande ganho de peso aumentou o risco para mecônio e hemorragia materna no parto vaginal e com prematuridade na cesariana. CONCLUSÕES: A obesidade pré-gestacional e o ganho de peso excessivo aumentaram de forma independente o risco de cesariana e vários resultados adversos durante o parto vaginal. Esses achados oferecem evidências adicionais aos efeitos negativos da obesidade pré-gravídica e do ganho de peso excessivo na gravidez e parto.; OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between pre-gestational obesity and weight gain with cesarean delivery and labor complications. METHODS: A total of 4...

Factors associated with gestational weight gain in pregnant women in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2008

Fraga,Ana Claudia Santos Amaral; Theme Filha,Mariza Miranda
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Inadequate weight gain during pregnancy is an important predictor of complications for the mother and infant. This cross-sectional study assessed factors associated with inadequate weight gain among women in the third trimester of pregnancy who received prenatal care under the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from November 2007 to July 2008. A total of 1,079 pregnant women were interviewed, and adequacy of weight gain was obtained by calculating weight gain as recommended by the U.S. Institute of Medicine. Social, demographic, and obstetric factors were analyzed as independent variables. A multinomial logistic regression model was used, and pregnant women with weight gain below or above the recommended levels were compared to those with adequate weight gain. Low schooling was associated with insufficient weight gain, while excessive gain was observed in women with hypertension and pre-gestational underweight, overweight, and obesity. Nutritional assessment during prenatal care is essential, and interventions should target cases of inadequate weight gain in order to prevent complications for the mother and infant.

Obesity and gestational weight gain: cesarean delivery and labor complications

Seligman,Luiz Carlos; Duncan,Bruce Bartholow; Branchtein,Leandro; Gaio,Dea Suzana Miranda; Mengue,Sotero Serrate; Schmidt,Maria Inês
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between pre-gestational obesity and weight gain with cesarean delivery and labor complications. METHODS: A total of 4,486 women 20-28 weeks pregnant attending general prenatal care clinics of the national health system in Brazil from 1991 to 1995 were enrolled and followed up through birth. Body mass index categories based on prepregnancy weight and total weight gain were calculated. Associations between body mass index categories and labor complications were adjusted through logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Obesity was present in 308 (6.9%) patients. Cesarean delivery was performed in 164 (53.2%) obese, 407 (43.1%) pre-obese, 1,045 (35.1%) normal weight and 64 (24.5%) underweight women. The relative risk for cesarean delivery in obese women was 1.8 (95% CI: 1.5-2.0) compared to normal weight women. Greater weight gain was particularly associated with cesarean among the obese (RR 4th vs 2nd weight gain quartile 2.2; 95% CI: 1.4-3.2). Increased weight at the beginning of pregnancy was associated with a significantly higher adjusted risk of meconium with vaginal delivery and perinatal death and infection in women submitted to cesarean section. Similarly, greater weight gain during pregnancy increased the risk for meconium and hemorrhage in women submitted to vaginal delivery and for prematurity with cesarean. CONCLUSIONS: Pre-gestational obesity and greater weight gain independently increase the risk of cesarean delivery...