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Sustainable Soil Water Management Systems

Basch, G.; Kassam, A.; Friedrich, T.; Santos, F.L.; Gubiani, P.I.; Calegari, A.; Reichert, J.M.; dos Santos, D.R.
Fonte: CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group Publicador: CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group
Tipo: Parte de Livro
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.13%
Soil quality and its management must be considered as key elements for an effective management of water resources, given that the hydrological cycle and land management are intimately linked (Bossio et al. 2007). Soil degradation has been described by Bossio et al. (2010) as the starting point of a negative cycle of soil-water relationships, creating a positive, self-accelerating feedback loop with important negative impacts on water cycling and water productivity. Therefore, sustainable soil management corresponds to sustainable water management through the improvement of soil water management. The purpose of this chapter is to review the existing options of soil water management systems and their potential contribution to the improvement of available soil water in the root zone, water use efficiency and water productivity. Ultimately, these water-related aspects seem to be the only solution to producing enough food, feed, fiber and biofuels for 1.5 times today‘s world population, without competing excessively with the existing natural ecosystems and their services and the water resources allocated to them and to other human activities.

Reengaging in Agricultural Water Management: Challenges and Options

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
The overall goal of this report is to give strategic focus to implementation of the agricultural water management (AWM) components of the corporate strategies. Its specific objectives are to set out the changing context of demand and supply for agricultural water; to identify the policy, institutional, and incentive reform options that will accelerate productivity improvements and pro-poor growth; and to articulate priorities for investment in AWM. It is also intended to define the role of the public sector and other stakeholders, and to set out how AWM can be best integrated upstream into water resources management, and downstream as an input provider into the agricultural economy.

Shaping the Future of Water for Agriculture : A Sourcebook for Investment in Agricultural Water Management

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
Agricultural water management is a vital practice in ensuring reduction, and environmental protection. After decades of successfully expanding irrigation and improving productivity, farmers and managers face an emerging crisis in the form of poorly performing irrigation schemes, slow modernization, declining investment, constrained water availability, and environmental degradation. More and better investments in agricultural water are needed. In response, the World Bank, in conjunction with many partner agencies, has compiled a selection of good experiences that can guide practitioners in the design of quality investments in agricultural water. The messages of this publication center around the key challenges to agricultural water management, specifically: building policies and incentives; designing institutional reforms; investing in irrigation systems improvement and modernization; investing in groundwater irrigation; investing in drainage and water quality management; investing in water management in rain-fed agriculture; investing in agricultural water management in multipurpose operations; coping with extreme climatic conditions; and assessing the social...

Competition or Cooperation? A New Era for Agricultural Water Management

Ward, Christopher; Darghouth, Salah; Minasyan, Gayane; Gambarelli, Gretel
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
Reliable supplies of water for agriculture have helped meet rapidly rising demand for food in developing countries, making farms more profitable, reducing poverty, and helping vast regions of the world develop more dynamic and diversified economies. Can these successes be sustained with demand for food rising and water resources waning? That is the challenge now facing policy makers, planners, and practitioners in agricultural water management (AWM), as well as their allies in the World Bank and other development organizations.

The Future of Water in African Cities : Why Waste Water? Integrated Urban Water Management, Background Report

Echart, Jochen; Ghebremichael, Kebreab; Khatri, Krishna; Mutikanga, Harrison; Sempewo, Jotham; Tsegaye, Seneshaw; Vairavamoorthy, Kalanithy
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
The primary objective of this report is to provide a coherent and comprehensive review on integrated urban water management (IUWM) approach to assist public authorities to identify and address the future challenges of urban water supply, sanitation and flood management in African cities. This report presents the existing and future challenges in Africa, the possible options for innovative technologies and approaches for their breakthrough and a way forward to achieve the objectives of IUWM. It highlights technical and institutional constraints of the IUWM in Africa. It presents the global and African best practices and trends in IUWM which are linked to urban development and which have very good lessons learnt that can be shared within and among the cities in Africa. The report consists of four chapters. Chapter two reviews the existing condition, future challenges and opportunities in Urban Water Sector (UWS) in Africa. The review covers the current situation of urban water systems and their management approaches; the major future change pressures (climate change...

Improving Water Management in Rainfed Agriculture : Issues and Options in Water-Constrained Production Systems

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.15%
Due to climate change and increasing food prices, emphasis needs to be placed on addressing water management as a key determinant for agricultural production and productivity. However, governments and donors have tended to pay relatively little attention to this area, and investments remain low. This report, which is based on economic and sector work carried out in the Water Anchor of the World Bank, highlights the importance of improving water management in rainfed agriculture, with a focus on those production systems where water is a main constraint. It provides a synthesis of the state-of-the-art thinking and experience. Considering the various issues that are currently preventing further upscaling of these measures, and better evaluation of the feasibility of applying particular measures or combination of measures, the report proposes options and recommendations for interventions to help overcome these issues. In doing so, the report aims to stimulate discussion and encourage new thinking among World Bank staff and counterparts in client countries who work on enhancing agricultural productivity and livelihoods in rainfed agriculture through improved water management and related interventions.

Ground water withdrawals from the Floridan Aquifer in Clay and portions of Bradford Counties, 1983-1984

Marella, Richard L; St. Johns River Water Management District (Fla.)
Fonte: The District, Dept. of Water Resources ( Palatka Fla. ) Publicador: The District, Dept. of Water Resources ( Palatka Fla. )
Tipo: cartographic Formato: 1 map : col. ; 46 x 43 cm. on sheet 59 x 90 cm. folded in envelope 31 x 23 cm.
Publicado em //1984 ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.02%
(Bibliography) References.; Includes text, location map, 3 ancillary maps, and 3 charts.; "October 1984"(on envelope).; Photocopy of envelope affixed on verso of map.; Title on envelope: Ground water withdrawals from the Floridan Aquifer in Clay County and portions of Bradford County 1983-1984.; (Funding) Technical publication (St. Johns River Water Management District, Fla.) ;; (Statement of Responsibility) by Richard L. Marella ; prepared by the St. Johns River Water Management District.

Geohydrology of the Floridan aquifer in the Withlacoochee River basin of the Southwest Florida Water Management District Sheet 2 of 4 sheets.; Withlacoochee River Basin of the Southwest Florida Water Management District, geohydrology of the Floridan aquifer

Geological Survey (U.S.); Anderson, Warren; Laughlin, Charles P; Southwest Florida Water Management District (Fla.)
Fonte: The Survey ( Tallahassee Fla ) Publicador: The Survey ( Tallahassee Fla )
Tipo: cartographic Formato: 4 maps : col. ; 57 x 40 cm., on sheets 69 x 99 cm., folded in envelope 30 x 23 cm.
Publicado em //1982 ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.99%
Includes text, location maps, tables, graphs and bibliography.; Relief shown by contours and spot heights.; (Funding) Open-file report (Geological Survey (U.S.)) ;; (Statement of Responsibility) Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey ; by Warren Anderson and Charles P. Laughlin ; prepared in cooperation with the Southwest Florida Water Management District.

Geohydrology of the Floridan aquifer in the Withlacoochee River basin of the Southwest Florida Water Management District Sheet 3 of 4 sheets.; Withlacoochee River Basin of the Southwest Florida Water Management District, geohydrology of the Floridan aquifer

Geological Survey (U.S.); Anderson, Warren; Laughlin, Charles P; Southwest Florida Water Management District (Fla.)
Fonte: The Survey ( Tallahassee Fla ) Publicador: The Survey ( Tallahassee Fla )
Tipo: cartographic Formato: 4 maps : col. ; 57 x 40 cm., on sheets 69 x 99 cm., folded in envelope 30 x 23 cm.
Publicado em //1982 ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.99%
Includes text, location maps, tables, graphs and bibliography.; Relief shown by contours and spot heights.; (Funding) Open-file report (Geological Survey (U.S.)) ;; (Statement of Responsibility) Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey ; by Warren Anderson and Charles P. Laughlin ; prepared in cooperation with the Southwest Florida Water Management District.

Geohydrology of the Floridan aquifer in the Withlacoochee River basin of the Southwest Florida Water Management District Sheet 4 of 4 sheets.; Withlacoochee River Basin of the Southwest Florida Water Management District, geohydrology of the Floridan aquifer

Geological Survey (U.S.); Anderson, Warren; Laughlin, Charles P; Southwest Florida Water Management District (Fla.)
Fonte: The Survey ( Tallahassee Fla ) Publicador: The Survey ( Tallahassee Fla )
Tipo: cartographic Formato: 4 maps : col. ; 57 x 40 cm., on sheets 69 x 99 cm., folded in envelope 30 x 23 cm.
Publicado em //1982 ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.99%
Includes text, location maps, tables, graphs and bibliography.; Relief shown by contours and spot heights.; (Funding) Open-file report (Geological Survey (U.S.)) ;; (Statement of Responsibility) Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey ; by Warren Anderson and Charles P. Laughlin ; prepared in cooperation with the Southwest Florida Water Management District.

Geohydrology of the Floridan aquifer in the Withlacoochee River basin of the Southwest Florida Water Management District Sheet 1 of 4 sheets.; Withlacoochee River Basin of the Southwest Florida Water Management District, geohydrology of the Floridan aquifer

Geological Survey (U.S.); Anderson, Warren; Laughlin, Charles P; Southwest Florida Water Management District (Fla.)
Fonte: The Survey ( Tallahassee Fla ) Publicador: The Survey ( Tallahassee Fla )
Tipo: cartographic Formato: 4 maps : col. ; 57 x 40 cm., on sheets 69 x 99 cm., folded in envelope 30 x 23 cm.
Publicado em //1982 ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.99%
Includes text, location maps, tables, graphs and bibliography.; Relief shown by contours and spot heights.; (Funding) Open-file report (Geological Survey (U.S.)) ;; (Statement of Responsibility) Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey ; by Warren Anderson and Charles P. Laughlin ; prepared in cooperation with the Southwest Florida Water Management District.

Sustainable water management in semi-arid India: learning from the Gond and Kohli indigenous communities.

Vishwasrao, Namrata P.
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2010
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
Water scarcity over the last decade has resulted in an urgent need to evaluate present and past water management practices for sustainable development especially in arid and semiarid regions. These practices are further challenged by climate change in these regions which account for one-third of the earth’s land area across the world. The starting point for this research is a socially constructed problem: the progressive degradation of natural resources and the lack of recognition of the impact of existing social, cultural, and organizational institutions on their management. Although worldwide multi-disciplinary literature recommends involving Indigenous groups in sustainable natural resource management, in order to effect a sustainable approach there is a clear need for a framework for their effective engagement. The discipline of sustainable landscape planning represents a practical field of knowledge and expertise that offers to understand human relationships to land and resources, and the long-term viability of these relationships with emphasis on sustainable ecological practices. This research will focus on case studies found in the Gond and Kohli communities of the semi-arid region in central India, who together developed an efficient water harvesting and management system that has functioned efficiently for hundreds of years. However...

Making the Most of Scarcity : Accountability for Better Water Management Results in the Middle East and North Africa; Obtenir le meilleur parti des ressources rares : Une meilleure gouvernance pour une meilleure gestion de l'eau au moyen-orient et en Afrique du Nord

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.15%
Water -- the resource itself as well as the irrigation and water supply services derived from it is important for every country. It is fundamental to human health, wellbeing, productivity, and livelihoods. It is also essential for the long-term sustainability of ecosystems. Here, in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, the most water-scarce region of the world, good water management matters even more than it does elsewhere. The report suggests that MENA can meet its water management challenge. People have a very real need for water for drinking and for household uses. This domestic use, however, accounts for less than ten percent of a typical country's water consumption. Every country in the region has enough water resources to meet domestic needs, even accounting for the larger populations expected in the future. And policy decisions can help improve the way drinking water and sanitation services are delivered so that people get the services they need. The bulk of a typical country's water consumption goes to agriculture. This demand depends on such factors as the structure of the economy...

Water Management in Agriculture : Ten Years of World Bank Assistance, 1994-2004

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
The purpose of this study is to update the review of World Bank experience in Irrigation (IEG 1994) and to broaden the scope of evaluation to include all water lending for agricultural development. Since that first study, the proportion of World Bank lending for agricultural water management continued to decline, a trend that started in the late 1970s when the sub-sector received 11 percent of the lending, is falling to less than 2 percent in 2001-03. It has since staged a strong recovery and reached over 4 percent in 2005. Commitments for agricultural water management account for a quarter of all lending for agriculture and rural development more recently, this amount increased to one-half. The study is primarily based on the analysis of a wide range of World Bank data and reports, including 131 project appraisal documents, 129 country assistance strategies, and 71 implementation completion reports, covering the Bank's experience in 56 countries. In addition, it draws upon the detailed findings from Independent Evaluation Group's (IEG's) project performance reports...

Suwannee River Water Management District; Potentiometric surface of the Floridan aquifer, May, 1977

Copeland, Richard Evan, 1947-; Geological Survey (U.S.)
Fonte: Suwannee River Water Management District? ( White Springs Fla.? ) Publicador: Suwannee River Water Management District? ( White Springs Fla.? )
Tipo: cartographic Formato: 1 map : photocopy ; 43 x 57 cm. on sheet 51 x 62 cm. folded to 17 x 21 cm.
Publicado em //1977? ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.94%
Ozalid blue line print.; "MS-1-(1977)."; (Funding) Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Florida Heritage Project of the State University Libraries of Florida, the Institute for Museum and Library Services, and the U.S. Department of Education's TICFIA granting program.; (Statement of Responsibility) map prepared by Richard E. Copeland in cooperation with the U.S. Geological Survey ; [and] Suwannee River Water Management District.

Southwest Florida Water Management District

Geological Survey (U.S.); Southwest Florida Water Management District (Fla.)
Fonte: The Survey ( Reston Va. ) Publicador: The Survey ( Reston Va. )
Tipo: cartographic Formato: 1 map : col. ; 79 x 56 cm. folded to 24 x 18 cm.
Publicado em //1981 ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.06%
Covers Tampa Bay region.; Shows water drainage basins.; Relief shown by contours and spot heights.; (Funding) Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Florida Heritage Project of the State University Libraries of Florida, the Institute for Museum and Library Services, and the U.S. Department of Education's TICFIA granting program.; (Statement of Responsibility) prepared by United States Department of the Interior, Geological Survey, in cooperation with Southwest Florida Water Management District.

Hydrogeologic reconnaissance of the Floridan aquifer system, Upper East Coast Planning Area; Upper East Coast Planning Area

Brown, Michael P; Reece, Dennis; Allen, Judith A; South Florida Water Management District (Fla.)
Fonte: South Florida Water Management District ( West Palm Beach ) Publicador: South Florida Water Management District ( West Palm Beach )
Tipo: cartographic Formato: 11 maps : col. ; 58 x 84 cm. folded in envelope 27 x 34 cm.
Publicado em //1979 ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.95%
Text, figures and bibliographical references on sheets.; Cover title.; (Funding) Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Florida Heritage Project of the State University Libraries of Florida, the Institute for Museum and Library Services, and the U.S. Department of Education's TICFIA granting program.; (Statement of Responsibility) by Michael P. Brown and Dennis E. Reece ; graphics by Judith A. Allen prepared by South Florida Water Management District.

A Water Management Model for Botanic Gardens and Arboreta

Lynch, Harry
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Note: Except for the faculty signature page, which was not digitized, the entire thesis was scanned as formatted by the author.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
Many botanic gardens and arboreta across the united states currently face significant operational obstacles due to water related problems. However, all public horticultural facilities in this country potentially face water operational and water supply related problems in the near future. These problems are caused by combined effects of diminishing sources of water supply, increased demands for water from all segments of society, increased development costs, capital shortages, government fiscal restraint, pollution, periodic weather induced shortages, growing public concern for the environment, stress on system equipment, and water quality degradation. Due to these problems, the cost of providing and using water in public gardens will increase, whether directly, through user fee increases, or indirectly, due to increasing costs of complying with changing government regulations. Because of increasing costs the National Arboretum in Washington, D.C. is investigating new sources for their irrigation water supply. Currently, their supply comes from District of Columbia's municipal water system, which significantly, increased service rates to them. Filoli Gardens, near San Francisco, California has recently completed an extensive domestic and irrigation water system expansion and upgrade. This undertaking was initiated to deal with rising costs...

The status quo of research on South Africa's water resource management institutions

Meissner,Richard; Funke,Nikki; Nienaber,Shanna; Ntombela,Cebile
Fonte: Water SA Publicador: Water SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
The South African water resource management institutional landscape has seen some dramatic changes since the new dispensation came into power in 1994. Not only have legislation and policies changed, but there has also been a significant increase in the number of non-state actors in the policy development process. Water resource governance has therefore become more complex and its regulatory component is being implemented by a number of legislative institutions: catchment management agencies, water user associations, irrigation boards, and international water management bodies. Policy development is influenced by a myriad of non-state actors, scientists included. A comprehensive literature review of research on water resource management institutions published between 1997 and 2011 shows that scientists are focusing predominantly on catchment management agencies and aspects regarding their institutionalisation and organisational functionality. There is much less of a focus on other entities, such as advisory committees, international water management bodies, irrigation boards, the water tribunal and water user associations. What the review has also revealed is that research on water resource management institutions has been conducted predominantly by scientists from the natural sciences. There is therefore an evident need for a research focus on water resource management institutions other than catchment management agencies. In addition...

Application of a sustainability index for integrated urban water management in Southern African cities: case study comparison - Maputo and Hermanus

De Carvalho,SCP; Carden,KJ; Armitage,NP
Fonte: Water SA Publicador: Water SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.03%
Poor service provision in developing countries, and particularly the provision of water-related services, present serious challenges to urban development. It is estimated that 300 m. people in Africa do not have access to safe drinking water and 313 m. have limited access to adequate sanitation. The critical situation in the water sector continues to undermine strategies for poverty eradication and retards development. It is possible that the failure in service provision can in part be attributed to an inability by policy makers to address urban water management in a holistic manner. In this study, a systems approach has been adopted to develop a composite index that could be used to assess the potential of a town or city to be sustainable. This index, the Sustainability Index for Integrated Urban Water Management (SIUWM) is composed of 5 components which disaggregate into 20 indicators and ultimately into 64 variables. Two Southern African urban centres, Hermanus and Maputo, were selected as initial case studies to test the applicability and validity of the index and to compare their sustainability index scores. Results of the SIUWM application demonstrate that the index could highlight areas for improvement and ultimately guide appropriate action and policy-making towards better service delivery and improved resource management.