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Lesions of the commissural subnucleus of the nucleus of the solitary tract increase isoproterenol-induced water intake

Blanch, G. T.; Freiria-Oliveira, A. H.; Colombari, E.; Menani, Jose Vanderlei; Colombari, D. S. A.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC) Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1121-1127
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 03/05275-6; Processo FAPESP: 03/08768-3; The nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) is the primary site of the cardiovascular afferent information about arterial blood pressure and volume. The NTS projects to areas in the central nervous system involved in cardiovascular regulation and hydroelectrolyte balance, such as the anteroventral third ventricle region and the lateral parabrachial nucleus. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of electrolytic lesion of the commissural NTS on water and 0.3 M NaCl intake and the cardiovascular responses to subcutaneous injection of isoproterenol. Male Holtzman rats weighing 280 to 320 g were submitted to sham lesion or electrolytic lesion of the commissural NTS (N = 6-15/group). The sham-lesioned rats had the electrode placed along the same coordinates, except that no current was passed. Water intake induced by subcutaneous isoproterenol (30 µg/kg body weight) significantly increased in chronic (15 days) commissural NTS-lesioned rats (to 2.4 ± 0.2 vs sham: 1.9 ± 0.2 mL 100 g body weight-1 60 min-1). Isoproterenol did not induce any sodium intake in sham or in commissural NTS-lesioned rats. The isoproterenol-induced hypotension (sham: -27 ± 4 vs commissural NTS-lesioned rats: -22 ± 4 mmHg/20 min) and tachycardia (sham: 168 ± 10 vs commissural NTS: 144 ± 24 bpm/20 min) were not different between groups. The present results suggest that the commissural NTS is part of an inhibitory neural pathway involved in the control of water intake induced by subcutaneous isoproterenol...

On a possible dual role for the lateral septal area 5-HT1A receptor system in the regulation of water intake and urinary excretion

Pavan de Arruda Camargo, Gabriela Maria; de Arruda Camargo, Luiz Antonio; Saad, Wilson Abrao
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 122-128
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
The 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)(1A) receptor system plays a prominent role in a variety of physiological functions and behavior and regulation of this responsiveness of the receptor system has been implicated in the central regulation of water intake and urinary excretion. The lateral septal area (LSA) exhibits a high density of 5-HT1A receptors, as well as a subpopulation of oxytocin (OT) receptors. Here we report the effects of pMPPF (a selective 5-HT1A antagonist), d(CH2)(5)[Tyr(Me)(2)Thr(4), Orn(5), Tyr(NH2)(9)]-vasotocin (an OT antagonist), and that 5-HT1A receptor system is regulated as a consequence of activation of the Na+ channel by veratridine. Cannulae were implanted into the LSA of rats to enable the introduction of the drugs. Injections of 8-OH-DPAT (a 5-HT1A agonist) blocked water intake and increased urinary excretion, while pMPPF or the OT antagonist injected bilaterally before 8-OH-DPAT blocked its inhibitory effect on water intake and its diuretic effect. In contrast, increases in extracellular sodium levels induced by the sodium channel modulator, veratridine, enhanced 5-HT1A responsiveness for water intake and reduced the diuretic effects induced by 8-OH-DPAT. These trials demonstrated that the responsiveness of the 5-HT1A receptor system in the LSA can be enhanced or depressed as a consequence of an induced rise in extracellular sodium. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Activation of the serotonergic 5-HT1A receptor in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus inhibits water intake and increases urinary excretion in water-deprived rats

Villa, Patricia de Souza; Menani, Jose Vanderlei; Pavan de Arruda Camargo, Gabriela Maria; Arruda Camargo, Luiz Antonio de; Saad, Wilson Abrao
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 14-20
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
The paraventricular nucleus (PVN) may be considered as a dynamic mosaic of chemically-specified subgroups of neurons. 5-HT1A is one of the prime receptors identified and there is expressed throughout all magnocellular regions of the PVN. Several reports have demonstrated that a subpopulation of the magnocellular neurons expressing 5-HT1A receptors are oxytocin (OT) neurons and activation of 5-HT1A receptors in the PVN increases the plasma OT. Increasing evidence shows that OT inhibits water intake and increases urinary excretion in rats. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of serotonergic 5-HT1A receptors in the lateral-medial posterior magnocellular region of the PVN in the water intake and diuresis induced by 24 h of water deprivation. Cannulae were implanted in the PVN of rats. 5-HT injections in the PVN reduced water intake and increased urinary excretion. 8-OH-DPAT (a 5-HT1A agonist) injections blocked the water intake and increased urinary output in all the periods of the observation. pMPPF (a 5-HT1A antagonist) injected bilaterally before the 8-OH-DPAT blocked its inhibitory effect on water intake and its diuretic effect. We suggest that antidipsogenic and diuretic responses seem to be mediated via 5-HT1A receptors of the lateral-medial posterior magnocellular region of the PVN in water-deprived rats. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Adrenoceptors of the medial septal area modulate water intake and renal excretory function induced by central administration of angiotensin II

Saad, W.A.; Guarda, I.F.M.S.; Camargo, L.A.A.; Santos, T.A.F.B.; Simões, S.; Saad, Willian A.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC) Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 951-959
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.35%
We investigated the role of alpha-adrenergic antagonists and clonidine injected into the medial septal area (MSA) on water intake and the decrease in Na+, K+ and urine elicited by ANGII injection into the third ventricle (3rdV). Male Holtzman rats with stainless steel cannulas implanted into the 3rdV and MSA were used. ANGII (12 nmol/µl) increased water intake (12.5 ± 1.7 ml/120 min). Clonidine (20 nmol/µl) injected into the MSA reduced the ANGII-induced water intake (2.9 ± 0.5 ml/120 min). Pretreatment with 80 nmol/µl yohimbine or prazosin into the MSA also reduced the ANGII-induced water intake (3.0 ± 0.4 and 3.1 ± 0.2 ml/120 min, respectively). Yohimbine + prazosin + clonidine injected into the MSA abolished the ANGII-induced water intake (0.2 ± 0.1 and 0.2 ± 0.1 ml/120 min, respectively). ANGII reduced Na+ (23 ± 7 µEq/120 min), K+ (27 ± 3 µEq/120 min) and urine volume (4.3 ± 0.9 ml/120 min). Clonidine increased the parameters above. Clonidine injected into the MSA abolished the inhibitory effect of ANGII on urinary sodium. Yohimbine injected into the MSA also abolished the inhibitory effects of ANGII. Yohimbine + clonidine attenuated the inhibitory effects of ANGII. Prazosin injected into the MSA did not cause changes in ANGII responses. Prazosin + clonidine attenuated the inhibitory effects of ANGII. The results showed that MSA injections of alpha1- and alpha2-antagonists decreased ANGII-induced water intake...

CLONIDINE AND PHENYLEPHRINE INJECTED INTO THE LATERAL PREOPTIC AREA REDUCE WATER-INTAKE IN DEHYDRATED RATS

Callera, J. C.; Camargo, LAD; Deluca, L. A.; Menani, Jose Vanderlei; Renzi, A.; Saad, W. A.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 39-43
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
In the present study, we investigated the effect of phenylephrine and clonidine (alpha1- and alpha2-adrenoceptor agonists, respectively) injected into the lateral preoptic area (LPOA) on the water intake induced by water deprivation in rats. In addition, the effects of prior injections of prazosin and yohimbine (alpha1- and alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonists, respectively) into the LPOA on the antidipsogenic action of phenylephrine and clonidine were investigated. After 30 h of water deprivation, the water intake of rats in a control experiment (saline injection) was 10.5 +/- 0.8 ml/h. Injection of clonidine (5, 10, 20, and 40 nmol) into the LPOA reduced water intake to 6.3 +/- 0.9, 4.9 +/- 0.8, 3.6 +/- 1.0, and 2.2 +/- 0.7 ml/h, respectively. Similar reductions occurred after injection of 80 and 160 nmol phenylephrine into the LPOA (6.2 +/- 1.6 and 4.8 +/- 1.3 ml/h, respectively). Pretreatment with prazosin (40 nmol) abolished the antidipsogenic action of an 80-nmol dose of phenylephrine (11.3 +/- 1.1 ml/h) and reduced the effect of a 20-nmol dose of clonidine (7.4 +/- 1.4 ml/h). Yohimbine (20, 40, and 80 nmol), previously injected, produced no significant changes in the effects of either phenylephrine or clonidine. The present results show that phenylephrine and clonidine injected into the LPOA induce an antidipsogenic effect in water-deprived rat. They also suggest an involvement of alpha1-adrenoceptors in this effect. A possible participation of imidazole receptors in the effect of clonidine should also be taken into account.

Receptor-mediated effects of clonidine on need-induced 3% NaCl and water intake

Yada, M. M.; dePaula, P. M.; Menani, Jose Vanderlei; Renzi, A.; Camargo, LAA; Saad, W. A.; DeLuca, L. A.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 205-209
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.31%
Clonidine combined with adrenergic antagonists were injected in the medial septal area in order to characterize the type of receptors involved with its inhibitory effect on 3% NaCl and water intake of sodium-depleted (furosemide + 24 h of removal of ambient sodium) and 30-h water-deprived rats, respectively. The inhibitory effect of clonidine (20 nmol) on need-induced water intake was reduced 50% by an 80-nmol dose of either idazoxan, yohimbine or prazosin. The inhibitory effect of clonidine (30 nmol) on need-induced 3% NaCl intake was completely antagonized by idazoxan (80, 160 nmol), not altered by yohimbine (40-160 nmol), and partially potentiated (40 nmol) or inhibited (160 nmol) by prazosin. Propranolol did not alter the effects of clonidine on either water (80 nmol) or 3% NaCl (40-160 nmol) intake. The results suggest that the inhibitory effects of clonidine on 3% NaCl and water intake are mediated by different types of alpha2-adrenergic receptors. Copyright (C) 1997 Elsevier B.V.

ROLE OF THE ADRENERGIC PATHWAYS OF THE LATERAL HYPOTHALAMUS ON WATER-INTAKE AND PRESSER RESPONSE INDUCED BY THE CHOLINERGIC ACTIVATION OF THE MEDIAL SEPTAL AREA IN RATS

Callera, J. C.; Saad, W. A.; Camargo, LAD; Renzi, A.; Deluca, L. A.; Menani, Jose Vanderlei
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 153-155
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
In the present experiments, we investigated a possible involvement of noradrenergic receptors of the lateral hypothalamus (LH) in the water intake and presser response induced by cholinergic stimulation of the medial septal area (MSA) in rats. The cholinergic agonist carbachol (2 nmol) injected into the MSA induced water intake and presser response. The injection of an alpha(2)-adrenergic agonist, clonidine (20 and 40 nmol), but not of an alpha(1)-adrenergic agonist, phenylephrine (80 and 160 nmol), into the LH inhibits the water intake induced by carbachol injected into the MSA. The injection of clonidine or phenylephrine into the LH produced no change in the MAP increase induced by carbachol injected into the MSA. The present results suggest that adrenergic pathways involving the LH are important for the water intake: but not for the presser response, induced by cholinergic activation of the MSA.

Central alpha-adrenergic agonists and need-induced 3% NaCl and water intake

Yada, M. M.; dePaula, P. M.; Menani, Jose Vanderlei; deLuca, L. A.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 137-143
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
In the present study, noradrenaline (NOR, alpha-non-specific adrenergic agonist), clonidine (CLO, alpha(2)), phenylephrine (PHE, alpha(1)) or isoproterenol (ISO, beta-agonist) was injected in the medial septal area (MSA) of water-deprived, sodium-deplete or food-deprived rats. NOR (80, 160 nmol) inhibited the intake of 3% NaCl, water deprivation-induced and meal-associated water intake. Food deprivation-induced food intake and 10% sucrose intake were not altered by NOR. CLO (10, 20, 30, 40 nmol) inhibited (80-100% inhibition compared to control during 60 min) the intake of 3% NaCl, water deprivation-induced and meal-associated water intake. CLO had a weaker inhibition on food and 10% sucrose intake (30-50% less than the control during 60 and 15 min, respectively). PHE (160 nmol) inhibited 3% NaCl intake and 10% sucrose intake (30% less than the control for 15-30 min). ISO (160 nmol) did not after water or 3% NaCl intake. NOR induced an increase, CLO and ISO induced a decrease, and PHE no alteration in mean arterial pressure. NOR did not alter water or 3% NaCl intake when injected unilaterally into the caudate nucleus. The results suggest that NOR injected in the MSA acts on alpha(2)-adrenergic receptors inducing a specific inhibition of 3% NaCl and water intake. (C) 1997 Elsevier B.V.

Interaction between the septal area and the subfornical organ in the control of water intake induced by thirst-eliciting procedures

Morita, Norihiro; Saad, W. A.; Camargo, L. A A; Silva Neto, C. R.; Antunes-Rodrigues, J.; Covian, M. R.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 243-249
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.34%
Rats bearing lesions in the septal area followed by lesions in the subfornical organ were submitted to various thirst-eliciting procedures. The rats with hyperdipsia induced by lesions of the septal area drank more water than either during the control period or after lesion of the subfornical organ under the same thirst-eliciting or angiotensin-liberating stimuli (polyethyleneglycol, isoproterenol, water deprivation and ligation of the inferior vena cava). The overdrinking elicited by lesions in the septal area was blocked after lesion of the subfornical organ. Neither hypovolemia, nor hypotension or water deprivation could elicit increased water intake in animals whose subfornical organ had been destroyed. Animals with lesions in the subfornical organ showed decreased water intake after cellular dehydration. The results obtained suggest that the subfornical organ acts as a more important structure than the septal area in the regulation of water intake elicited by angiotensin, with two opposite effects: a direct one facilitating water intake, and an indirect one inhibiting the septal area. The septal area has an inhibitory effect on the subfornical organ and on water intake. © 1980.

Effect of cholinergic and adrenergic stimulation of the subfornical organ on water intake

Menani, Jose Vanderlei; Saad, William A.; Camargo, L. A A; Antunes-Rodrigues, J.; Covian, M. R.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 301-306
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
Cholinergic and adrenergic agonists and antagonists were injected directly into the subfornical organ (SFO), via implanted cannulae, and the volume of water ingested was recorded over a period of 1 hour after injection. Application of 2 nmol carbachol caused intense water intake in 100% of the animals (8.78±0.61 ml), with a very short intake latency. When the 2 nmol carbachol dose was preceded by increased doses of atropine, a progressive reduction in water intake was observed, with complete blockage of the thirst-inducing response to carbachol at the 20 nmol dose level with atropine. Followed by several doses of hexamethonium, the water intake caused by application of 2 nmol carbachol was reduced, although the response was not totally blocked. Injection of 80 nmol of nicotine had a significant thirst-inducing inducing effect in 50% of the animals studied (1.06±0.18 ml) and increase in water intake was further reduced by application of increased doses of hexamethonium. Raising the dose levels of noradrenaline into th SFO caused an increase in water intake although to a lesser degree than was observed after carbachol injection. When the 40 nmol dose of noradrenaline was preceded by increased doses of propranolol (5 to 40 nmol), there was a gradual reduction in water intake...

Effects of nitric oxide and arginine vasopressin on water intake induced by central angiotensin II. Part 1

Saad, Wilson Abrão; Guarda, Ismael Francisco Motta Sigueira; De Arruga Camargo, Luis Antonio; Brizola dos Santos, Talmir Augusto Faria; Saad, William Abrão
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 845-849
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.37%
We determined the effects of AT 1 and AT 2 (selective no peptides antagonists angiotensin receptors), arginine vasopressin V 1 receptor antagonist as well as L-arginine, a nitric oxide donor and N W-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, injected into supraoptic nucleus (SON) on water and sodium intake induced by the injection of angiotensin II (ANGII). Male Holtzman rats weighing 200-250 g with canulae implanted into the SON were used. The drugs were injected in 0.5 μL over 30-60 sec. The water intake after injection of saline SAL+SAL 0.15 M NaCl was 0.40±0.1 mL 2 h -1; SAL+ANGII increase water intake. Losartan decreased the water intake induced by ANGII. PD123319 injected prior to produce no change in water intake induced by ANGII. AVPA prior to ANGII reduced the water intake with a less intensity than losartan. L-arginine prior to ANGII decreases the water intake at a same intensity than losartan. L-NAME prior to ANGII potentiated the dipsogenic effect of ANGII. Losartan injected simultaneously with L-arginine prior to ANGII blocked the dipsogenic effect of ANGII. These results confirm the importance of SON in the control of water intake and strongly suggest that AT 1, V 1 receptors interact with nitrergic pathways within the SON influencing the dipsogenic effect of ANGII.

Effect of the intracerebroventricular administration of GR 113808, a selective 5-HT4 antagonist, on water intake during hyperosmolarity and hypovolemia

Castro,L.; Varjão,B.; Silva,I.; Duque,B.; Batista,A.; Santana,R.; Luz,P.; Rocha Junior,M.A.; Fregoneze,J.B.; De Castro-e-Silva,E.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
We demonstrate here that acute third ventricle injections of GR 113808, a highly selective 5-HT4 antagonist, decrease water intake induced by a previous salt load while potentiating drinking elicited by hypovolemia induced by previous subcutaneous administration of polyethylene glycol in male Wistar rats (200 ± 20 g). At the dose of 160 nmol/rat, third ventricle injections of GR 113808 induced a significant reduction of water intake in salt-loaded animals after 120 min as compared to salt-loaded animals receiving third ventricle injections of saline (salt load + GR = 3.44 ± 0.41 ml, N = 12; salt load + saline = 5.74 ± 0.40 ml, N = 9). At the dose of 80 nmol/rat, GR 113808 significantly enhanced water intake in hypovolemic animals after 120 min as compared to hypovolemic animals receiving third ventricle injections of saline (hypovol + GR = 4.01 ± 0.27 ml, N = 8; hypovol + saline = 2.41 ± 0.23 ml, N = 12). We suggest that central 5-HT4 receptors may exert a positive drive on water intake due to hyperosmolarity and a negative input on drinking provoked by hypovolemia.

Adrenoceptors of the medial septal area modulate water intake and renal excretory function induced by central administration of angiotensin II

Saad,W.A.; Guarda,I.F.M.S.; Camargo,L.A.A.; Santos,T.A.F.B.; Simões,S.; Saad,Willian A.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.35%
We investigated the role of alpha-adrenergic antagonists and clonidine injected into the medial septal area (MSA) on water intake and the decrease in Na+, K+ and urine elicited by ANGII injection into the third ventricle (3rdV). Male Holtzman rats with stainless steel cannulas implanted into the 3rdV and MSA were used. ANGII (12 nmol/µl) increased water intake (12.5 ± 1.7 ml/120 min). Clonidine (20 nmol/µl) injected into the MSA reduced the ANGII-induced water intake (2.9 ± 0.5 ml/120 min). Pretreatment with 80 nmol/µl yohimbine or prazosin into the MSA also reduced the ANGII-induced water intake (3.0 ± 0.4 and 3.1 ± 0.2 ml/120 min, respectively). Yohimbine + prazosin + clonidine injected into the MSA abolished the ANGII-induced water intake (0.2 ± 0.1 and 0.2 ± 0.1 ml/120 min, respectively). ANGII reduced Na+ (23 ± 7 µEq/120 min), K+ (27 ± 3 µEq/120 min) and urine volume (4.3 ± 0.9 ml/120 min). Clonidine increased the parameters above. Clonidine injected into the MSA abolished the inhibitory effect of ANGII on urinary sodium. Yohimbine injected into the MSA also abolished the inhibitory effects of ANGII. Yohimbine + clonidine attenuated the inhibitory effects of ANGII. Prazosin injected into the MSA did not cause changes in ANGII responses. Prazosin + clonidine attenuated the inhibitory effects of ANGII. The results showed that MSA injections of alpha1- and alpha2-antagonists decreased ANGII-induced water intake...

Effect of electrolytic lesion of the dorsal raphe nucleus on water intake and sodium appetite

Olivares,E.L.; Costa-e-Sousa,R.H.; Cavalcante-Lima,H.R.; Lima,H.R.C.; Cedraz-Mercez,P.L.; Reis,L.C.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
The present study determined the effect of an electrolytic lesion of the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) on water intake and sodium appetite. Male Wistar rats weighing 290-320 g with a lesion of the DRN (L-DRN), performed two days before experiments and confirmed by histology at the end of the experiments, presented increased sensitivity to the dehydration induced by fluid deprivation. The cumulative water intake of L-DRN rats reached 23.3 ± 1.9 ml (a 79% increase, N = 9) while sham-lesioned rats (SL-DRN) did not exceed 13.0 ± 1.0 ml (N = 11, P < 0.0001) after 5 h. The L-DRN rats treated with isoproterenol (300 µg kg-1 ml-1, sc) exhibited an increase in water intake that persisted throughout the experimental period (L-DRN, 15.7 ± 1.47 ml, N = 9 vs SL-DRN, 9.3 ± 1.8 ml, N = 11, P < 0.05). The L-DRN rats also showed an increased spontaneous sodium appetite during the entire period of assessment. The intake of 0.3 M NaCl after 12, 24, 36 and 72 h by the L-DRN rats was always higher than 20.2 ± 4.45 ml (N = 10), while the intake by SL-DRN was always lower than 2.45 ± 0.86 ml (N = 10, P < 0.00001). Sodium- and water-depleted L-DRN rats also exhibited an increased sodium appetite (13.9 ± 2.0 ml, N = 11) compared to SL-DRN (4.6 ± 0.64 ml...

Lesions of the commissural subnucleus of the nucleus of the solitary tract increase isoproterenol-induced water intake

Blanch,G.T.; Freiria-Oliveira,A.H.; Colombari,E.; Menani,J.V.; Colombari,D.S.A.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
The nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) is the primary site of the cardiovascular afferent information about arterial blood pressure and volume. The NTS projects to areas in the central nervous system involved in cardiovascular regulation and hydroelectrolyte balance, such as the anteroventral third ventricle region and the lateral parabrachial nucleus. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of electrolytic lesion of the commissural NTS on water and 0.3 M NaCl intake and the cardiovascular responses to subcutaneous injection of isoproterenol. Male Holtzman rats weighing 280 to 320 g were submitted to sham lesion or electrolytic lesion of the commissural NTS (N = 6-15/group). The sham-lesioned rats had the electrode placed along the same coordinates, except that no current was passed. Water intake induced by subcutaneous isoproterenol (30 µg/kg body weight) significantly increased in chronic (15 days) commissural NTS-lesioned rats (to 2.4 ± 0.2 vs sham: 1.9 ± 0.2 mL 100 g body weight-1 60 min-1). Isoproterenol did not induce any sodium intake in sham or in commissural NTS-lesioned rats. The isoproterenol-induced hypotension (sham: -27 ± 4 vs commissural NTS-lesioned rats: -22 ± 4 mmHg/20 min) and tachycardia (sham: 168 ± 10 vs commissural NTS: 144 ± 24 bpm/20 min) were not different between groups. The present results suggest that the commissural NTS is part of an inhibitory neural pathway involved in the control of water intake induced by subcutaneous isoproterenol...

Effect of water intake on postexercise cardiovascular recovery

Paula-Ribeiro,Marcelle de; Pecanha,Tiago; Bartels-Ferreira,Rhenan; Campana-Rezende,Edson; Marins,Joao Carlos Bouzas; Lima,Jorge Roberto Perrout de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
Physical exercise elicits an increase in heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP) and, consequently, in the rate-pressure product (RPP). Recovery of HR immediately after exercise indicates cardiovascular health. Blood pressure also decreases after exercise, occasionally reaching values lower than pre-exercise levels (postexercise hypotension). Studies have shown a positive effect of water intake on HR recovery after exercise. However, little is known about the effect of water intake on postexercise BP and RPP responses. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of water intake on postexercise cardiac work assessed by HR, BP and RPP. Fourteen healthy volunteers (22 ± 1.4 years) participated in the study. The experimental session consisted of HR, systolic (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) recording at rest, followed by submaximal exercise on a cycle ergometer. Next, the subjects consumed water and the cardiovascular variables were recorded during recovery. In addition, a control session without postexercise water intake was performed. The RPP was calculated from the product of HR and SBP. Water intake prevented a postexercise hypotensive effect on DBP, but accelerated postexercise HR and RPP reduction during recovery when compared to the control session. It was concluded that water intake is an effective strategy to reduce postexercise cardiac work.

Role of the adrenergic pathways of the lateral hypothalamus on water intake and pressor response induced by the cholinergic activation of the medial septal area in rats

Callera, João Carlos; Saad, Wilson Abrão; Camargo, Luiz Antonio de Arruda; Renzi, Antonio; Luca Junior, Laurival Antonio de; Menani, José Vanderlei
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 153-155
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
In the present experiments, we investigated a possible involvement of noradrenergic receptors of the lateral hypothalamus (LH) in the water intake and pressor response induced by cholinergic stimulation of the medial septal area (MSA) in rats. The cholinergic agonist carbachol (2 nmol) injected into the MSA induced water intake and pressor response. The injection of an α2-adrenergic agonist, clonidine (20 and 40 nmol), but not of an α1-adrenergic agonist, phenylephrine (80 and 160 nmol), into the LH inhibits the water intake induced by carbachol injected into the MSA. The injection of clonidine or phenylephrine into the LH produced no change in the MAP increase induced by carbachol injected into the MSA. The present results suggest that adrenergic pathways involving the LH are important for the water intake, but not for the pressor response, induced by cholinergic activation of the MSA. © 1994.

Interaction between the septal area and the subfornical organ in the control of water intake induced by thirst-eliciting procedures

Morita, Norihiro; Saad, W. A.; Camargo, L. A A; Silva Neto, C. R.; Antunes-Rodrigues, J.; Covian, M. R.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 243-249
ENG
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66.34%
Rats bearing lesions in the septal area followed by lesions in the subfornical organ were submitted to various thirst-eliciting procedures. The rats with hyperdipsia induced by lesions of the septal area drank more water than either during the control period or after lesion of the subfornical organ under the same thirst-eliciting or angiotensin-liberating stimuli (polyethyleneglycol, isoproterenol, water deprivation and ligation of the inferior vena cava). The overdrinking elicited by lesions in the septal area was blocked after lesion of the subfornical organ. Neither hypovolemia, nor hypotension or water deprivation could elicit increased water intake in animals whose subfornical organ had been destroyed. Animals with lesions in the subfornical organ showed decreased water intake after cellular dehydration. The results obtained suggest that the subfornical organ acts as a more important structure than the septal area in the regulation of water intake elicited by angiotensin, with two opposite effects: a direct one facilitating water intake, and an indirect one inhibiting the septal area. The septal area has an inhibitory effect on the subfornical organ and on water intake. © 1980.

Clonidine and phenylephrine injected into the lateral preoptic area reduce water intake in dehydrated rats

Callera, João Carlos; Camargo, Luiz Antonio de Arruda; Luca Junior, Laurival Antonio de; Menani, José Vanderlei; Renzi, Antonio; Saad, Wilson Abrão
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 39-43
ENG
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In the present study, we investigated the effect of phenylephrine and clonidine (α1- and α2-adrenoceptor agonists, respectively) injected into the lateral preoptic area (LPOA) on the water intake induced by water deprivation in rats. In addition, the effects of prior injections of prazosin and yohimbine (α1- and α2-adrenoceptor antagonists, respectively) into the LPOA on the antidipsogenic action of phenylephrine and clonidine were investigated. After 30 h of water deprivation, the water intake of rats in a control experiment (saline injection) was 10.5 ± 0.8 ml/h. Injection of clonidine (5, 10, 20, and 40 nmol) into the LPOA reduced water intake to 6.3 ± 0.9, 4.9 ± 0.8, 3.6 ± 1.0, and 2.2 ± 0.7 ml/h, respectively. Similar reductions occurred after injection of 80 and 160 nmol phenylephrine into the LPOA (6.2 ± 1.6 and 4.8 ± 1.3 ml/h, respectively). Pretreatment with prazosin (40 nmol) abolished the antidipsogenic action of an 80-nmol dose of phenylephrine (11.3 ± 1.1 ml/h) and reduced the effect of a 20-nmol dose of clonidine (7.4 ± 1.4 ml/h). Yohimbine (20, 40, and 80 nmol), previously injected, produced no significant changes in the effects of either phenylephrine or clonidine. The present results show that phenylephrine and clonidine injected into the LPOA induce an antidipsogenic effect in water-deprived rat. They also suggest an involvement of α1-adrenoceptors in this effect. A possible participation of imidazole receptors in the effect of clonidine should also be taken into account. © 1993.

Efeito da ingestão hídrica sobre a recuperação cardiovascular pós-exercício; Effect of water intake on postexercise cardiovascular recovery

Paula-Ribeiro, Marcelle de; Federal University of Juiz de Fora; Peçanha, Tiago; Federal University of Juiz de Fora; Bartels-Ferreira, Rhenan; Federal University of Rio de Janeiro; Campana-Rezende, Edson; Federal University of Juiz de Fora; Marins, João
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, SC. Brasil Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, SC. Brasil
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; "Avaliado por Pares",; Experimental protocol; Avaliado por Pares; Estudo experimental Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/12/2013 ENG
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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2014v16n1p76 O exercício físico promove a elevação da frequência cardíaca (FC), pressão arterial (PA) e, por consequência, do duplo produto (DP). Imediatamente após o término do exercício, há a recuperação da FC; resposta que indica boa saúde cardiovascular. A PA também apre-senta queda pós-exercício, atingindo, eventualmente, valores abaixo do repouso (hipotensão pós-exercício; HPE). Estudos têm demonstrado efeito positivo da ingestão hídrica (IH) sobre a recuperação da FC pós-exercício. Pouco se sabe a respeito do efeito dessa estratégia sobre o comportamento da PA e do DP nesse período. O objetivo do estudo foi investigar o efeito da IH sobre o trabalho cardiovascular pós-exercício, por meio da avaliação da FC, PA e DP. Quatorze voluntários saudáveis (22 ± 1,4 anos) participaram desse estudo. A sessão experimental constou do registro da FC e PA sistólica (PAS) e diastólica (PAD) de repouso, seguido de exercício físico submáximo em cicloergômetro. Posteriormente, realizou-se a IH e registro das variáveis cardiovasculares na recuperação. Adicionalmente, realizou-se uma sessão controle, excluindo-se a IH pós-exercício. O DP foi calculado a partir do produto da FC pela PAS. A IH impediu a ocorrência de HPE na PAD...