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Negociação na governança da água: inovações na construção de consensos em comitês de bacia hidrográfica - Water Governance Game para o Comitê do Alto Tietê; Negotiation in water governance: innovations and consensus building in river basin. The Water Governance Game for Upper Tietê River Basin.

Granja, Sandra Inês Baraglio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
Esta tese oferece o seqüenciamento, as bases conceituais da construção, formatação e apresentação do Jogo de Governança da Água (JGA) para a Bacia do Alto Tietê (BAT) situada em grande parte na Região Metropolitana de São Paulo. O objetivo do Jogo é construir intervenções dentro da sustentabilidade ambiental da BAT, alocando recursos em tempo real, através de rodadas de negociação e escolhas estratégicas pelos atores da própria Bacia, de forma a potencializar ou ampliar a governança da água na mesma. Três teorias embasam e sustentam o JGA, ou seja, a Teoria da Ação Comunicativa, a Teoria dos Jogos e a Teoria do Construtivismo. Essas teorias, associadas ao entendimento de outras metodologias que comportam plataformas de negociação, traduzem um produto, o JGA, capaz de estruturar propostas de intervenção e de alocação de recursos para sua implementação e, conseqüentemente, modificação de uma situação inicial de criticidade elencada pelos atores do Comitê da Bacia Hidrográfica do Alto Tietê. Os resultados do Jogo dependem das circunstâncias, do contexto, da interação dos jogadores; de variáveis de outros subjogos, das jogadas produzidas e da criatividade dos próprios atores. Após o Jogo, formatamse redes de aprendizagem e de prática...

Governança da Água e aprendizagem social no Subcomitê da Bacia Hidrográfica Cotia-Guarapiranga - Região Metropolitana de São Paulo; Water governance and social learning in the watershed subcommittee Cotia-Guarapiranga metropolitan region of São Paulo

Santos, Rosilene Aparecida Nunes dos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/12/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.35%
Esta pesquisa analisou o processo participativo para a criação da Lei Específica da Guarapiranga (Lei n.º 12.233 de 16/01/2006), nos aspectos da governança da água e da aprendizagem social. A análise foi realizada com base na experiência do Subcomitê da Bacia Hidrográfica Cotia-Guarapiranga (SCBH-CG), na Região Metropolitana de São Paulo (RMSP). No processo de negociação para aprovação da referida Lei, estiveram envolvidos os representantes dos segmentos do Poder Público, Estado e prefeituras dos municípios da bacia, e da sociedade civil, no período de 1999 a 2006. Essa vivência demonstrou o quão desafiador é um processo de negociação entre os diferentes atores e diversos interesses no uso da água, que afetam a disponibilidade qualitativa e quantitativa na bacia da Guarapiranga, a qual abastece, aproximadamente, 4 milhões de pessoas na RMSP. Os resultados obtidos mostram que, embora esse processo tenha sido marcado por diversos momentos de tensão, conflitos, indefinições institucionais e morosidade, representou um significativo avanço na consolidação do sistema integrado de recursos hídricos. Cabe observar também que, apesar dos resultados poderem ainda parecer bastante modestos, face aos desafios existentes...

Os planos de recursos hídricos e suas influências sobre as práticas de gestão nos comitês de bacias: um estudo de caso nas bacias hidrográficas dos rios Piracicaba, Capivari e Jundiaí; The water resources plans and their influences in management practices in the basin committees: a case study in Piracicaba, Capivari and Jundiaí river basins

Léo, Eduardo Cuoco
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/06/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.25%
A instituição da Política Nacional de Recursos Hídricos, em 1997, deu força aos planos de recursos hídricos como instrumentos para gestão da água com viés preditivo e programático. Tal instrumento ganha importância diante de cenários onde o uso da água se dá em situações cada vez mais críticas e conflituosas. As Bacias Hidrográficas dos Rios Piracicaba, Capivari e Jundiaí, constituem uma importante unidade em termos de gestão da água no Brasil por possuir características naturais e antrópicas que conferem um caráter frequentemente tenso no acesso à água. Diante desta realidade, mecanismos sofisticados foram desenvolvidos na busca de melhor convivência entre os diferentes segmentos interessados nos recursos hídricos desta região. Há também uma rica experiência com a constituição de planos de recursos hídricos nas bacias PCJ. Esta investigação visou entender a relação entre os planos de recursos hídricos com a forma, a profundidade e a maturidade da gestão da água nas bacias PCJ. Foram explorados dois eixos complementares de investigação: i) a evolução na implementação das políticas e dos sistemas de gerenciamento de recursos hídricos nas bacias PCJ e ii) a evolução do planejamento de recursos hídricos nas bacias PCJ. Utilizaram-se métodos baseados na pesquisa documental e na análise de conteúdo. Detectou-se uma implantação gradual de sistemas para gestão dos recursos hídricos na região. Inicialmente foram observadas situações onde se intensificaram os conflitos. Posteriormente...

Water governance in the twentieth-first century

Castro,José Esteban
Fonte: ANPPAS - Revista Ambiente e Sociedade Publicador: ANPPAS - Revista Ambiente e Sociedade
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.47%
It is widely ackowledged that the world water crisis is mainly a crisis of governance. However, there is no shared understanding of what "governance" means, how it works, who are its actors. The prevailing conceptions of governance in mainstream water policy documents tend to be instrumental and idealistic. Perhaps the most important consequence of instrumental and idealistic understandings of governance is the rhetorical depoliticization of what is, paradoxically, a political process. The main mechanism of this "depoliticization" of governance" is the exclusion of the ends and values informing water policy from the debate. Instrumental and idealistic understandings of governance constitute a major obstacle for the scientific understanding of the process and for achieving success in policy interventions directed at tackling the water crisis. The paper argues for the development of a balance between the techno-scientific, socio-economic, political, and cultural aspects of water management activities, which may help in superseding the artificial separation of water research and practice in disciplinary and corporatist feuds.

Boundaries between inequality and difference in water governance

Martins,Rodrigo Constante
Fonte: ANPPAS - Revista Ambiente e Sociedade Publicador: ANPPAS - Revista Ambiente e Sociedade
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
This article addresses the themes of inequality and difference in water governance in Brazil. The production of hierarchies in the arenas of governance is discussed, defending the hypothesis that the shift from difference to inequality is the result of practices of justification that consolidate the sovereignty of technical competence in environmental management. Some of the more significant findings of studies about the structure and functioning of River Basin Committees in different regions of the country are taken as reference for this discussion. Based on these findings, we discuss the discursive production of the Committees, the authority of the agents that embody the new principles of management, and the implications of the process of scientification of the politics. The article concludes by pointing out the importance of diversity in the construction of a new narrative of environmental governance.

Gaining Insights About Water: The Value of Surveys in First Nations Communities to Inform Water Governance

Baird, Julia; Carter, Blair; Cave, Kate; Dupont, Diane; General, Paul; King, Clynt; Plummer, Ryan; Varewyck, April
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
Knowledge of how water is perceived, used and managed in a community is critical to the endeavour of water governance. Surveys of individuals residing in a community offer a valuable avenue to gain information about several of these aspects of water. This paper draws upon experiences in three First Nation communities to explore the values of surveys to illuminate water issues and inform water decision-making. Findings from experiences with surveys in Six Nations of the Grand River, Mississaugas of the New Credit, and Oneida First Nation of the Thames reveal rich information about how surveys can provide insights about: the connection of individuals to the land, water and their community; reasons for valuing water; perceptions of water quality and issues surrounding water-related advisories; and, degree of satisfaction with water management and governance at different scales. Community partners reflected upon the findings of the survey for their community. Dialogue was then broadened across the cases as the partners offer benefits and challenges associated with the survey. Community surveys offer an important tool in the resource managers’ toolbox to understand social perceptions of water and provide valuable insights that may assist in improving its governance.

Decentralization and Service Delivery in Albania : Governance in the Water Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.54%
This review of the water sector in Albania was prepared as a background paper to the World Bank s Country Partnership Strategy for Albania for 2011-2014. It draws on past analytical work on decentralization in Albania as well as relevant World Bank-financed operations such as the Water Sector Investment Project. Over the past decade, the World Bank has intensified its focus on governance as a key factor accounting for variations in development effectiveness. Through its long-standing engagement in Albania, the World Bank has supported institutional development and governance reforms to help strengthen the capacity of state institutions to deliver public goods and achieve development outcomes more effectively and efficiently. Governance is a key pillar of the Government s National Strategy for Development and Integration for 2007-2013. In an effort to improve the performance of water supply and wastewater services, the Government has designed reforms on the basis of international best practice. In spite of these well-intentioned policy decisions...

La DMA en la Cuenca del Besaya: Nuevos Modelos para una Política del Agua; The WFD in the basin of Besaya: New Models for a Water Policy

Becerra Álvarez, Elena
Fonte: Universidade de Cantabria Publicador: Universidade de Cantabria
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.19%
RESUMEN La Directiva Marco del Agua ha establecido un cambio sin precedentes en cuanto al enfoque en la planificación y gestión del agua y sus ecosistemas asociados. Además del objetivo fundamental de recuperar el buen estado ecológico de las masas de agua, plantea otros aspectos esenciales en la gobernanza del agua, como son la recuperación integral de los costes asociados a los usos del agua y la participación pública en los procesos de decisión en materia de planificación hidrológica. Más de diez años después de su entrada en vigor, se puede hacer un balance de lo que ha supuesto su implantación en las demarcaciones hidrográficas de nuestro país, y más concretamente en la cuenca del río Besaya (Cantabria).; ABSTRACT The Water Framework Directive has established an unprecedented change in approach in the planning and management of water and associated ecosystems. In addition to the primary objective of recovering the good ecological status of water bodies it raises other essential aspects of water governance such as the full recovery of the costs associated with water use and public participation in decisionmaking processes regarding water planning. More than ten years after its entry into force, we can take stock of what has led to its implementation in the river basin districts of our country...

Meeting Urban Water Needs: Exploring Water Governance and Development in Tagbilaran City, the Philippines

Fisher, Karen Toni
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.57%
Water is subject to uncertainty of supply (quantity) and quality, which affects decisions determining allocation, use and management for human and environmental functions. Tensions concerning water and its allocation reflect conflicting ideologies influencing development. Focusing on water governance enables the allocation and management of environmental resources and tensions in development to be explored. ¶ This research has as its central argument the notion that water governance is conceptualised differently at different scales and as discourses become localised, hybrid forms emerge. Place-specific hybrid governance systems which are cognisant of transformations in the local political economy and environmental characteristics can be useful in managing risks and uncertainty about water supply. This is particularly so where local knowledge about formal institutions regulating water governance and environmental conditions is low. This is because hybrid systems are more likely to be responsive to local needs than national or supra-national discourse allows. However, there are limitations with hybrid systems, particularly in terms of allocating responsibility and risk, which require effective coordination. ¶ The aim of this research is to uncover local perspectives and knowledge about water governance and hybridity in urban environments which can be used to shape and influence urban water management. I explore the hybridisation of water governance by considering the problem of ensuring urban water supply in a developing country context. The research was undertaken as an inductive...

Truly Teaming : Partnering to Integrate Gender in Kenya’s Water Sector

Torkelsson, Asa; Rop, Rosemary; Wasike, Theresa
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.24%
In spite of its importance in development and poverty reduction, the water sector has had one of the largest gaps between what women do and the influence they actually have. In Kenya, women are still underrepresented in water governance structures at all levels, yet they are the most negatively affected by unavailability of water. To substantially boost gender integration in the country's water sector, a team of professionals from the World Bank, the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP), and the Ministry of Water and Irrigation (MoWI) pooled their resources and energies. This smart lesson illustrates how forging nurturing partnerships with a wide variety of development partners can result in effective strategies for gender mainstreaming allowing us to do far more together than any one of us could do alone.

Berg Water Project : Communication Practices for Governance and Sustainability Improvement

Haas, Lawrence J. M.; Mazzei, Leonardo; O'Leary, Donal T.; Rossouw, Nigel
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.48%
The past decade has witnessed a major global shift in thinking about water, including the role that water infrastructure plays in sustainable development. This rethinking aims to better balance the social, economic, and environmental performance aspects in the development and management of large dams. Additionally, it reinforces efforts to combat poverty by ensuring more equitable access to water and energy services. There is also growing appreciation of how broad-based policy reforms come into play and influence decisions around issues related to dams. Apart from democratization of the development process itself, it is increasingly recognized that infrastructure strategies must complement strategies for water, environment, and energy security; they must also address emerging concerns to reduce vulnerability in water resource systems due to the probability of climate change. Communication comes to the forefront in modern approaches to dam planning and management in several respects. Communication is central to multi-stakeholder dialogue and partnerships at all levels needed to achieve sustainability and governance reform in water resource management and infrastructure provision. At the same time...

Kenya Groundwater Governance Case Study

Mumma, Albert; Lane, Michael; Kairu, Edward; Tuinhof, Albert; Hirji, Rafik
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.48%
This report presents a case study on groundwater governance in Kenya. The objectives of the study were to: (a) describe groundwater resource and socioeconomic settings for four selected aquifers; (b) describe governance arrangements for groundwater management in Kenya; and (c) identify the relevance of these arrangements for planning and implementing climate change mitigation measures. The report provides a comprehensive strategy to develop effective groundwater management and a pilot groundwater management plan. Kenya's draft Policy for the Protection of Groundwater provides most of the requirements for improving groundwater governance, including participation and empowerment of groundwater users, decentralization of management to local level, integration of surface and groundwater management, improving monitoring and data collection, identifying sites for managed aquifer recharge (MAR), mapping strategic aquifers and conjunctive use opportunities, and identifying groundwater conservation areas. Groundwater management decision making is sector-based and on the whole ad hoc; there is no mechanism for coordination and for fostering cross-sector linkages. Consequently...

Improving Transparency, Integrity, and Accountability in Water Supply and Sanitation : Action, Learning, Experiences

Gonzalez de Asis, Maria; O'Leary, Donal; Ljung, Per; Butterworth, John
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.49%
This manual on improving transparency, integrity, and accountability in water supply and sanitation is the result of a partnership between the World Bank Institute (WBI) and transparency international (TI). It was developed under the open and participatory government program at the municipal level (known by its Spanish acronym as the GAP Municipal Program). This manual can help: 1) increase the involvement of civil society by engaging all stakeholders in setting water supply and sanitation priorities and monitoring performance, including reducing opportunities for corruption; 2) increase the contributions of water supply and sanitation services to poverty reduction by increasing the quality and coverage of service to poorer communities on an equitable basis; 3) promote the financial sustainability of water and sanitation service delivery organizations, thereby increasing the confidence of consumers, civil society organizations, and other stakeholders in those institutions' ability to expand improve service; and 4) raise ethical standards among all stakeholders...

TOWARD AN ASSESSMENT OF THE SUSTAINABILITY OF WATER GOVERNANCE IN ISRAEL USING AN INTEGRATIVE SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT APPROACH

Goldberg, Rebecca Heidi
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Project
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.37%
Water governance is a key policy issue for Israel primarily due to scarcity of water in the Country and broader regional environmental, economic, political and social challenges. In recent years a concerted effort to maintain water supply has lead to large-scale investment in alternative technologies such as desalination and treatment/reuse of grey water and wastewater. In addition, Israel prioritizes water allocations for agriculture, industrial and domestic uses. This research project seeks to shed light on these developments from an integrative sustainability assessment perspective. A sustainability analysis of this kind has not been previously completed for Israel. This project contributes to an initial sustainability assessment of Israel water policy through an evaluation of the Country’s most recent master plan. Using policy documents and primary observations from site visits to water infrastructure at Mekorot Visitor’s Centres this project evaluates water policy relating to resource maintenance and efficiency, as well as socio-ecological civility and democratic governance. Key recommendations include increasing public involvement in decision making, building social capacity for involvement in the water sector and clarifying plans for aquifer rehabilitation.

Exploring new approaches in urban water governance: case studies in mediterranean areas

Ridolfi, Elena
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.53%
Muchas de las ciudades costeras del mundo se están volviendo cada vez más urbana y muchas de ellas están cambiando hacia el turismo, uno de los sectores de mayor crecimiento de la economía mundial. El agua es un elemento clave para el desarrollo y las funciones urbanas y de sostenimiento para las nuevas instalaciones turísticas. Sin embargo, los cambios y las rápidas transformaciones urbanas están estimulando una creciente preocupación con respecto a los recursos hídricos. En particular, los nuevos desarrollos urbanos crecen en complejidad, mientras que las densas redes de flujos de agua se intensifican dentro del tejido urbano y plantea un gran desafío para la gobernabilidad de este recurso. Considerando que el siglo pasado ha definido y representado el fenómeno del agua como una sustancia material (H2O), la investigación del siglo 21 ha puesto en duda esa perspectiva. De hecho, estudiosos sociales han demostrado recientemente que el enfoque físico ya no es suficiente para hacer frente a los desafíos presentes y futuros del agua urbana, la incertidumbre y la gobernabilidad. Por lo tanto, los geógrafos y ecologistas políticos, en particular, han desarrollado el concepto de "ciclo hidro-social" que integra tanto la natura física como sociopolítica del agua. Mediante el empleo de este concepto...

The role of statutory and local rules in allocating water between large- and small-scale irrigators in an African river catchment

Komakech,Hans C; Condon,Madison; van der Zaag,Pieter
Fonte: Water SA Publicador: Water SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.06%
This paper presents a case study of large- and small-scale irrigators negotiating for access to water from Nduruma River in the Pangani River Basin, Tanzania. The paper shows that despite the existence of a formal statutory water permit system, all users need to conform to the existing local rules in order to secure access to water. The spatial geography of Nduruma is such that smallholder farmers are located upstream and downstream, while large-scale irrigators are in the midstream part of the sub-catchment. There is not enough water in the river to satisfy all demands. The majority of the smallholder farmers currently access water under local arrangements, but large-scale irrigators have obtained state-issued water use permits. To access water the estates adopt a variety of strategies: they try to claim water access by adhering to state water law; they engage with the downstream smallholder farmers and negotiate rotational allocation; and/or they band with downstream farmers to secure more water from upstream farmers. Estates that were successful in securing their water access were those that engaged with the local system and negotiated a fair rotational water-sharing arrangement. By adopting this strategy, the estates not only avoid conflict with the poor downstream farmers but also gain social reputation...

Water institutions and governance models for the funding, financing and management of water infrastructure in South Africa

Ruiters,Cornelius; Matji,Maselaganye Petrus
Fonte: Water SA Publicador: Water SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.42%
The standard water institutions, governance and infrastructure reform and policy prescription package of the 1990s and early 2000s, i.e., restructuring, private-public partnerships (PPP), establishment of an independent regulator, have not yielded positive results for South Africa. These water institutions and governance challenges are resulting in inadequate investments, and millions in South Africa not having access to basic water and sanitation services. The framework for water sector infrastructure funding models was designed to meet the challenges presented by the current and growing imbalances that exist between the supply of and demand for water in South Africa. The research results identified 7 overarching governance models for the funding, financing and development of water infrastructure projects in South Africa, i.e. Model 1: direct fiscal (NRF) funding, Model 2: ring-fenced special purpose vehicle (SPV), Model 3: SPV housing dedicated water infrastructure cash-flows, Model 4: stand-alone water institution with strong balance sheet, Model 5: public-private partnership (PPP) with equity, Model 6: private concession, and Model 7: private development. Various institutional options for consideration for the future management and development of water infrastructure were investigated and considered. The emerging model is considered to be a hybrid model consolidating the national water resources and regional bulk infrastructure functions and capabilities...

Adaptive capacity and water governance in the Keiskamma River Catchment, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

Grecksch,Kevin
Fonte: Water SA Publicador: Water SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.28%
South Africa, being a semi-arid country, faces water resource constraints. The projected impacts of climate change in the Keiskamma River Catchment, Eastern Cape Province, are, for example, changes in rainfall with effects on streamflow, salt water intrusion, decreasing water quality due to runoff and erosion, and droughts. This paper uses an existing framework, the Adaptive Capacity Wheel (ACW), complemented by two additional dimensions: adaptation motivation and adaptation belief. The objectives were, first, to assess the adaptive capacity of water governance in the study region, and, second, to show how the ACW can be used as an approach and a communication tool with stakeholders to identify strengths and weaknesses. Based on this, recommendations can be drawn that could help water experts and stakeholders in the future. The results depict a 'medium' score for adaptive capacity. However, it is important to look closely at each dimension assessed by the ACW. The key recommendations are: to overcome the implementation gap, to ensure better coordination across and within governmental levels; to raise awareness, capacity and skill among decision makers and the public; and to increase the political will to overcome adaptation barriers.

Waters without borders: transboundary water governance and the role of the 'transdisciplinary individual' in Southern Africa

Jacobs,IM; Nienaber,S
Fonte: Water SA Publicador: Water SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.19%
Water resources in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) play an intrinsic role in regional development. As a result, water is a highly sensitive issue, complex to understand and demanding to govern, in terms of effective and equitable use and distribution. Growing awareness of the complex challenges facing water and the cross-cutting impacts that these challenges have on the region has led to the recognition that these challenges demand more integrated levels of ingenuity and expertise from a diverse set of actors working in a transdisciplinary manner. In response to these realisations a significant body of work has emerged that attempts to determine the criteria of a transdisciplinary approach and how it can be operationalised. This has led to significant progress in gaining an understanding of 'transdisciplinary team' approaches. These transdisciplinary teams have tended to work at the localised or project level of problem response. However, despite this progress, little work has been done on how to upscale transdisciplinary research and practice to the regional level. This is a significant gap given the fact that the source of many complex problems lies at the regional level even if the effects of these problems are localised. Also...

Water governance in the twentieth-first century

Castro,J. E.
Fonte: Ambiente & sociedade Publicador: Ambiente & sociedade
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.47%
It is widely ackowledged that the world water crisis is mainly a crisis of governance. However, there is no shared understanding of what "governance" means, how it works, who are its actors. The prevailing conceptions of governance in mainstream water policy documents tend to be instrumental and idealistic. Perhaps the most important consequence of instrumental and idealistic understandings of governance is the rhetorical depoliticization of what is, paradoxically, a political process. The main mechanism of this "depoliticization" of governance" is the exclusion of the ends and values informing water policy from the debate. Instrumental and idealistic understandings of governance constitute a major obstacle for the scientific understanding of the process and for achieving success in policy interventions directed at tackling the water crisis. The paper argues for the development of a balance between the techno-scientific, socio-economic, political, and cultural aspects of water management activities, which may help in superseding the artificial separation of water research and practice in disciplinary and corporatist feuds.