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Os grupos populares e as representações nacionais em narrativas sobre a Guerra do Paraguai; Popular groups and national representations in narratives about the Paraguayan War

Marchesin, Rafael Pessolato
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/02/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.98%
As guerras são acontecimentos que provocam a elaboração de narrativas que estão relacionadas com o nacionalismo e a identidade das nações. Esta dissertação de mestrado tem como principal objetivo a análise de algumas narrativas nacionalistas elaboradas a partir da experiência da Guerra do Paraguai, buscando conferir especial atenção para as representações referentes aos grupos sociais subalternos presentes nelas. Para tanto, foram adotadas como fontes centrais de pesquisa as seguintes obras: Traços biographicos da heroína Jovita Alves Feitosa, ex-sargento do 2º. Corpo de Voluntários do Piauhy, redigido por um enigmático autor fluminense; A retirada da Laguna, de Alfredo dEscragnolle Taunay; Reminiscências da Campanha do Paraguai, de Dionísio Evangelista de Castro Cerqueira; e Viagem militar ao Rio Grande do Sul, de Luís Filipe Maria Fernando Gastão de Orléans, o Conde dEu. A idéia principal consiste em avaliar em que medida as imagens de indivíduos dos grupos populares foram utilizadas para a construção de discursos que buscavam legitimar e preservar uma determinada relação social e de poder.; The elaboration of narratives about wars is in general related to nationalism and nation identity. This Thesis intends to analyze certain narratives related to the Paraguayan War. It aims to give special attention to the representations concerning the subaltern groups. For this purpose...

Por que a guerra? Política e subjetividade de jovens envolvidos na guerra do tráfico de drogas: um ensaio sem resposta; Why the war? Politics and subjectivity of the youth involved in drug dealing: an unfinished inquiry

Martins, Aline Souza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/09/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.25%
A guerra do tráfico de drogas é uma espécie de conflito que acontece nas periferias das grandes cidades brasileiras. Consiste em uma batalha armada entre gangues rivais, motivada por desavenças pessoais ou vinganças direcionadas aos grupos inimigos. Este fenômeno é o maior responsável por mortes de jovens no país. A partir de grupos de conversa com jovens envolvidos com o tráfico de drogas e usando a psicanálise como método de escuta e análise, a presente pesquisa faz uma descrição de caso que tem como papel elucidar a dinâmica de funcionamento da guerra do tráfico no aglomerado Santa Lúcia, em Belo Horizonte-MG. O objetivo inicial foi responder ao enigma: por que os jovens se envolvem na guerra do tráfico, mesmo sabendo do grande risco de morte? A hipótese que se depreendeu daí foi a existência de um fator oculto, com dimensão política e subjetiva que sustentaria essa escolha. Entretanto, o que se encontrou como resultado foi um aprofundamento da questão, entendendo o posicionamento desse grupo de jovens na sociedade como Homo Sacers, posição esta produzida e sustentada pelo discurso em torno da violência e pelo reconhecimento desses sujeitos como exceção. Passamos, portanto, pelo conceito de guerra, elucidando sua dinâmica de funcionamento na política...

As armas do Império: Guerra do Paraguai, literatura do Brasil; The weapons of the Empire: Paraguay War, literature of Brazil

Silva, Leonardo de Oliveira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/08/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.06%
Esta dissertação pretende analisar a Guerra do Paraguai (1864-1870) como um problema da literatura brasileira, investigando a incorporação dos fatos históricos como objeto literário, a adequação aos gêneros e a construção de um posicionamento sobre a guerra por meio das obras. Para tanto, estuda-se a construção do heroísmo pelos poetas épicos e condoreiros, partindo-se das primeiras publicações sobre o tema nos jornais da época e das epopeias Riachuelo, de Pereira da Silva, e Glorias Brasileiras, de Antonio de Castro Mendonça Furtado, até a apropriação do tema da guerra pelos poetas do condoreirismo. Em seguida, investiga-se a crítica feita ao conflito por meio da literatura satírica publicada pela imprensa ilustrada do período, analisando as contribuições e limitações de seu ponto de vista. Finalmente, trataremos da assimilação do tema pela prosa ficcional de Joaquim Manuel de Macedo, Alfredo dEscragnolle Taunay e Machado de Assis; This dissertation sets out to analyze the War of the Triple Alliance (1864-1870) as an issue of Brazilian literature, investigating the incorporation of historical facts as literary objects, the adjustment of styles and the construction of a position on the war through the oeuvres. To this end...

"To Hold the World in Contempt": The British Empire, War, and the Irish and Indian Nationalist Press, 1899-1914

Rosenkranz, Susan A.
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
The era between the close of the nineteenth century and the onset of the First World War witnessed a marked increase in radical agitation among Indian and Irish nationalists. The most outspoken political leaders of the day founded a series of widely circulated newspapers in India and Ireland, placing these editors in the enviable position of both reporting and creating the news. Nationalist journalists were in the vanguard of those pressing vocally for an independent India and Ireland, and together constituted an increasingly problematic contingent for the British Empire. The advanced-nationalist press in Ireland and the nationalist press in India took the lead in facilitating the exchange of provocative ideas—raising awareness of perceived imperial injustices, offering strategic advice, and cementing international solidarity. Irish and Indian press coverage of Britain’s imperial wars constituted one of the premier weapons in the nationalists’ arsenal, permitting them to build support for their ideology and forward their agenda in a manner both rapid and definitive. Directing their readers’ attention to conflicts overseas proved instructive in how the Empire dealt with those who resisted its policies, and also showcased how it conducted its affairs with its allies. As such...

Das Risiko der Luftembolie bei neurochirurgischen Eingriffen in halbsitzender Lagerung. Evaluation möglicher Risikofaktoren mit besonderer Berücksichtigung von Patienten mit offenem Foramen ovale sowie der Präventionsmaßnahmen.; Risk of air embolisms during neurosurgical procedures in semi-sitting position. Evaluation of possible risk factors with special regard to methods of prevention and patients with patent foramen ovale.

Wurms, Max
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
DE_DE
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.96%
In unserer Studie wurden Daten von allen Patienten (n=200), die im Zeitraum von 2 Jahren in der Tübinger Uniklinik für Neurochirurgie in halbsitzender Lagerung operiert wurden anhand eines Dokumentationsbogens erfasst. Intraoperativ wurde das TEE als Standardmonitoring verwendet. Die Fragestellung war es, das Risiko der Luftembolie bei neurochirurgischen Eingriffen in halbsitzender Position zu evaluieren. Ein besonderes Augenmerk lag auf möglichen aggravierenden Faktoren wie z. B. das offene Foramen ovale und den Präventionsmaßnahmen. Insgesamt 109 Pat. (54,5%) hatten eine intraoperative Luftembolie, davon 79 Patienten (39,5%) mit Grad I, 13 Patienten (6,5%) mit Grad II, 12 Patienten (6,0%) Grad III und 5 Patienten (2,5%) Grad IV. Es gab keine Patienten mit Grad V. Bei 52 Patienten wurde präoperativ ein PFO festgestellt. Auch diese Patienten wurden in halbsitzender Lagerung operiert. Intra- und postoperativ wurde keine mit Luftembolie assoziierte Morbidität beobachtet. Es wurden auch keine Fälle von paradoxer Luftembolie beobachtet.; In our study, performed during 2 years in the University hospital of Neurosurgery in Tuebingen, 200 consecutive patients were included. Preoperatively 52 of these patients were diagnosed with PFO. All procedures were performed in semi-sitting position. Rates of air embolism according to our five-scale grading: grade I: 79 patients (39...

Using a new medium for propaganda: the role of transborder broadcasts during the Spanish Civil War

Ribeiro, Nelson
Fonte: Sage Publicador: Sage
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2014 ENG
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This article presents an analysis of the role of transborder broadcasts during the Spanish Civil War. As a new medium at that time, radio had a strong impact not only on increasing the morale of the Franquist forces, but also on influencing military operations through the dissemination of strategic information concerning the progress of military operations. Mostly focusing on the role of Portuguese broadcasters, which clearly took the lead in supporting Franco during the first year of his revolt against the Spanish Republic, the author discusses the strategies used by the Lisbon dictatorship to support the Nationalists through radio despite never abandoning its official neutral position in the war. Finally, the article discusses how radio propaganda during the Spanish Civil War was used as a testing ground for its use in World War II.

El socialismo y el movimiento obrero en Francia e Italia ante el primer conflicto mundial: ¿Qué hacer cuando estalla la guerra?; Socialisme et mouvements ouvriers français et italien face au premier conflit mondial : Que faire lorsque la guerre éclate ?; French and Italian socialism and labor movements facing World War I: What to do when the war breaks out?

Prezioso, Stéfani
Fonte: Murcia : Universidad de Murcia Publicador: Murcia : Universidad de Murcia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
Reconozcámoslo como un hecho”, subrayó François Hollande, durante la inauguración de las efemérides del centenario en noviembre de 2013, cuando se proclamó la movilización general, ya no quedaba más que un país, una sola Nación y un solo ejército". Cuando proliferan las efemérides oficiales del primer conflicto mundial, resulta más imposible que nunca abstraerse de la relación dialéctica que se establece entre la "utilización pública y política de la historia" y la construcción de la historia académica. Actualmente parece que se invoca al mundo obrero y a las y los derrotados para subrayar fundamentalmente su "adhesión" primordial a "su" nación en guerra. El mundo obrero y los movimientos obreros, en toda su complejidad social y política, apenas existen en la investigación histórica, de la misma forma que han desaparecido, en gran medida, las cuestiones vinculadas a la relación de fuerzas socio-políticas. Esta contribución se propone volver a plantear uno de los núcleos historiográficos referente a los distintos socialismos en la guerra: el de su "entrada" en el conflicto. Se trata de comprender de qué forma "irrumpió la guerra" en los debates del socialismo internacional...

Russian-Japanese accommodation: a threat to America's strategic position in the Pacific Rim?

LaCaze, Jeffery L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 102 p.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The end of the Cold War presents the United States with new opportunities and challenges. During the Cold War, the U.S.-Japanese relationship was the linchpin of security in the Pacific. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, it seems logical to analyze pre-Bolshevik foreign policy to ascertain the likely direction of Russian policy in the Pacific. Russia and Japan have had economic relations throughout their history; one of the primary obstacles to normalized relations has been the Kurile Islands. Since Yeltsin has indicated his willingness on the issue of the islands, the possibility exists for closer Russo-Japanese relations. The reliance on military power has been overtaken by the need to ensure a country's economic health. Japan, an ally during the Cold War, can now be viewed as an economic competitor. Russia, an adversary during the Cold War, could become an economic ally. Continued U.S. influence in the Pacific requires a re-assessment of traditional relationships. Alliances unheard of in the Cold War are now possible. Closer ties between Russia and Japan could present new challenges to the United States in the Pacific. In order to prevent a loss of influence in the Pacific...

The Army before last military transformation and the impact of nuclear weapons on the US Army during the early Cold War

Kinman, Bret C.
Fonte: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 81 p. ;
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Approved for Public Release, Distribution is Unlimited; This thesis analyzes the impact of nuclear weapon on the doctrine and force structure of the US Army during the Early Cold War (1947-1957). It compares these impacts with those that occurred on the US Air Force and Navy during that time. Nuclear weapons brought a new aspect to warfare. Their unprecedented economy of destructive power changed the way nations viewed warfare. For the Army, nuclear weapons presented a dual challenge. The Army faced a US security policy centered on the massive use of these weapons; the Army also struggled to understand how these weapons would be utilized on the battlefield. The nation's security policy of large scale strategic nuclear bombardment of the Soviet Union favored the Air Force and to a lesser degree the Navy. The Army viewed this policy as single minded and purposely limiting the nations options to all out nuclear war or deference to another national will. In all the Army faced an internal struggle to incorporate these weapons and an external struggle to retain a useful position within the US Defense establishment during this period.; Major, United States Army

The Strategic Defense Initiative and the end of the cold war

Lazzari, Luigi L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 105 p.
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
The Cold War's end was sudden, unpredicted and the seminal event of the latter half of the twentieth century. Since the disintegration of the USSR, debate has centered on whom or what was responsible for the end of the conflict. Perhaps no issue is as controversial as the role the U.S. Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) played in ending the Cold War. Today, there are three main schools of thought concerning SDI's impact on the end of the Cold War. The first sees the Strategic Defense Initiative as a primary factor in ending the conflict. Another argues the initiative extended the Cold War by creating one more hurdle to the negotiations between the two superpowers. A third school holds that while SDI had a positive impact on ending the Cold War, it was a secondary factor. The third school's position is best supported by the available evidence. "Ninety-nine percent of the Russian people believe that you won the Cold War because of your president's insistence on SDI."2 --Genrikh Trofimenko, one of Russia's leading specialists in international security and politics; US Navy (USN) author.

Advancing Australia within the heart of the British Empire: A Report on the construction of Australia House in London and its role, with the office of the Australian High Commissioner, in the period leading up to and during the First World War

Rogerson, Emma
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.12%
During the early 20th century, the British Empire held a prominent place within Australian society and politics. At this time Australian parliamentarians discussed the need to assert a distinctive Australian presence in London, the heart of the Empire. The desire to secure a pennanent and official representation of Australian interests prompted numerous debates during the first decade of the 1900s about the most appropriate form of such representation, its role and purpose, and what type of image it should offer of the new Commonwealth. The outcome, after much deliberation, was the establishment of the position of an Australian high commissioner in 1909 to officially represent the Commonwealth's interests in Great Britain. It was also proposed that new Commonwealth offices be built in London to support the unified representation of state and federal interests and to illustrate the Commonwealth's progress in tenns of wealth, growth, and stability. Discussion about the site of the proposed offices led in turn to consideration of building plans. With the outbreak of the First World War on 4 August 1914, the high commission and Australia House, established at the Strand, carried out functions and responsibilities that were essential to the administration of the Australian Imperial Force in Great Britain. The dispatch of war intelligence to Australia and the welfare of Australian servicemen were two key tasks performed. The unexpected intervention of the First World War significantly altered the role...

Fromelles :An analysis of the revised 2009 Australian Defence Force policy and the Australian Government's involvement in the recovery of Australia's war dead.

Hewett, Penelope
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
On the 19 July 1916, the Australian Imperial Force fought in their first major battle on the Western Front in World War I. The Battle of Fromelles, as it has come to be known, which lasted only 24 hours, has come to rep resent one of the most tragic battles in Australia's military history. Despite, the terrible loss of human life suffered by the Australian Imperial Force at Fromelles, this battle was to be lost in Australia's history until recently. The quest of one man, Lambis Englezos, to find the remains of the Australian soldiers from the Battle of Fromelles who were declared missing in action has not only sparked Australians' interest in this particular battle but has also opened the debate on the Australian Government's involvement in locating and then relocating our war dead. The Australian Government since the end of the Graves Registration Unit in 1922 has refused to support the speculative searching for the. remains of Australia' s war dead. Instead, the position of the Australian Government has been to take appropriate action only if and when the remains of Australian war dead are discovered by accident. This was reflected in The Australian Defence Instructions {General) Missing in Action Presumed Killed : Recovery of Human Remains of Australian Defence Force Members of 1996...

An Other Woman's Rape: Abjection and Objection in Representations of War Rape Victims in the DRC

Victoor, Amanda
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
The growing global awareness of sexual violence as a weapon of war has been accompanied by the strategic and pervasive inclusion of women’s personal stories of war rape. This representational strategy of Western media, academia and humanitarian policies was critically examined in order to understand how war raped women in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are discursively situated as “Other.” Drawing on the theoretical concepts of abjection and objection, the study did not question the truth of women’s experience but rather examined whether the pervasive inclusion of war rape stories constituted a true feminine subjectivity. A foucaldian notion of discourse provided a method to expose meaning and dominant discourses, which make certain identities and stories of war rape more visible than others. The purpose of this study was to critically engage with dominant Western discourses of war rape and provide a more complex understanding of how diverse power structures, identities and representational practices impact the struggle of Congolese women to open self-determined pathways of empowerment. A qualitative method of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) was used to examine the textual and visual processes of representation. Samples of text were taken from three main areas: media coverage (print...

FUELLING A WAR MACHINE: Canadian Foreign Policy in the Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945

FRANCOEUR, David
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
The subject of Canada’s policy-making in relation to the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) has been neglected for over half a century. Therefore neither the scope of Canada’s official assistance to the Chinese during their War of Resistance against Japan nor the motivations behind this assistance have been fully explained or adequately contextualized. Through research using archival records and other primary and secondary sources, the thesis sheds light on the ways in which Canadians chose to respond to Chinese efforts to secure an ally against Japan. Revealing unscrupulous opportunism on the Canadian side during China’s struggle against Japan, the thesis contributes to a revisionist trend which takes aim at romantic mythology about Canadians’ virtuous role in the Second World War. From 1931 to 1941, the Government of Canada sought to maintain a neutral position regarding Japanese encroachments in China. This was partly to honour a friendship established in the First World War but also to protect Canadian exporters’ valuable sales of strategic minerals to Japan. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, pro-Japanese sympathy among Canadians eroded and trade with Japan became politically untenable. In 1942, already five years after the beginning of full-scale war between Japan and China...

Joel W. Jones Memoir : A New Yorker in Florida's Second Seminole War

Jones, Joel W., 1806-1878
Fonte: Universidade da Flórida Publicador: Universidade da Flórida
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1849 ENGLISH
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(Biographical) Military Store Keeper, U.S. Arsenal. Joel W. Jones was born Oct. 1, 1806 in Troy, New York. At age 14 and 15, unhappy at his treatment as a ward of his uncle, he twice ran away, and finally struck out on his own, enlisting in the U.S. Army at age 17. He served in the Midwest and in campaigns against the Winnebago, and was promoted as a non-commissioned officer to Sergeant Major of the 1st Regiment U.S. Artillery in 1836. He went with this command to fight in the Second Seminole War in Florida.; (Biographical) His later career was at the United States Arsenal. He retired from his position there in 1851 to return to civilian life in Schenectady, New York.; Originally derived from archival-level ALEPH record 028140028 ( OCLC: 49278870 ); (Funding) Funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) as part of the Pioneer Days in Florida Project

All Quiet? The Memory and Historiography of the First World War in Poland

Górny, Maciej Maria
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.06%
The differences of memory cultures between the Europe’s East and West are partly an effect of striking misbalance of historical knowledge about the course of the war and its effects. Although collective memory and historiography are surely not the same, there is a connection between the two. The weakness of the memory in Eastern Europe is at the same time the cause and the effect of the long standing negligence by indigenous historians. The present study examines the interconnections between collective memory and historiography in East Central Europe.One the main characteristics of maneuver warfare on the Eastern and Balkan front that differed most from the Western front had been the constant proximity of military and civilian affairs. Contrary to mostly regular trench warfare, in the East soldiers met their civilian compatriots or the population of the enemy country on a daily basis. Some of the specific modes of contact between civilians and military men belong to the most promising fields of the Eastern Europe’s First World War studies: occupation (of Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Belarus, Ukraine, Serbia and Romania), voluntary and forceful migrations as well as the phenomenon of violence which is inseparable from both aforementioned questions.In this author's view...

"Three and a Half Men": the Bülow-Hammann System of Public Relations before the First World War

Orgill, Nathan Neil
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: 2287595 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.98%

This dissertation analyzes the history of the press bureau of the German Foreign Office before the First World War. Methodologically, the work tries to locate European international history in a larger political, intellectual, and cultural context by examining German statesmen and their attempts to cultivate a consensus for their policies in the Reichstag and the press from 1890 to 1914. Relying upon official documents, memoirs, personal letters, and published newspaper articles, it argues that the death of the "Old Diplomacy," usually associated with the years after the Versailles Peace Treaty, actually began as early as 1890. This development caused German statesmen after Bismarck's dismissal to invent new ways of building public support for their policies through the creation of what is labeled here the "Bülow-Hammann System" of public relations. Eschewing Bismarckian methods of compulsion, this new system cultivated personal connections with journalists from trusted newspapers who would toe a government line for inside information. The system initially worked well to meet the new openness of the international milieu after 1890. But eventually these methods failed to stem criticism on the nationalist right and socialist left after 1909...

Prisioneiros, Direitos e Guerra no Brasil de Vargas (1942-1945); Prisioners, Rights and War in Vargas Government, Brazil (1942-1945)

Perazzo, Priscila Ferreira; Universidade Municipal de São Caetano do Sul
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/12/2010 POR
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36.08%
http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7976.2009v16n22p41O tema do internamento de alemães, japoneses e italianos em campos de concentração para civis no Brasil, sob a condição de prisioneiros de guerra, nos remete a diversas questões sobre prisões e liberdades, sobre sentimentos nacionais, sobre política nacional e internacional. A condição de prisioneiros de guerra foi imputada aos “súditos do Eixo” em dois planos políticos: o primeiro voltado à construção do projeto nacional moderno para o Brasil e o segundo, voltado para a busca de um lugar de destaque no contexto internacional. Essa questão abriu, no interior do governo Vargas, uma discussão que permite perceber as divergências de posições, as cisões e os embates de políticos num momento de desarticulação do Estado Novo (1942-1945). Esse texto volta-se, mais especificamente, para o quadro da política brasileira durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial, na tentativa de apontar as fissuras internas do governo Vargas, que foram visíveis no tocante ao tratamento de questão tão delicada à época: o internamento de “súditos do Eixo”. Mergulhar nas motivações e trazer à tona os interesses do governo Vargas, em relação ao tratamento dispensado aos estrangeiros do Eixo no Brasil...

Radio broadcasting for blacks during the Second World War: "It could be dangerous .."

Wiederroth,Nicole
Fonte: Historia Publicador: Historia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.03%
One year after the Union of South Africa declared war on Germany in 1939, the South African government began to use radio broadcasting to a black target group as a medium for propaganda. In the winter of 1940, the Department of Native Affairs (DNA), responsible for transmitting propaganda to blacks, together with the South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) and the Department for Post and Telegraphs, launched the first broadcasting service for blacks in Johannesburg. The broadcast, which was initially only transmitted via telephone lines, differed considerably from the broadcast for whites. Based on extensive archival research, this article describes the conception and implementation of that broadcasting service along with the specific programming the DNA and the SABC introduced for black listeners. Because it includes enquiries on the reception of the service at that time, this article offers new insights into South African media history. The broadcasting service for blacks during the Second World War clearly reflected the white producers' stereotypical conception of blacks. It was designed to assert the hegemonic position of the white minority and legitimise and help to maintain the colonial order. However, the black audience did not prove to be the passive...

Changing attitudes of South Africans towards Italy and its people during the Second World War, 1939 to 1945

Delport,Anri
Fonte: Historia Publicador: Historia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.12%
The emphasis of this article falls on South African wartime attitudes towards Italy structured around the differentiation in attitudes between the Union government; the domestic sphere; and the armed forces. On 11 June 1940 the Union issued a declaration of war in response to Italy's new belligerent status. Attitudes towards Italy were thus altered from "unofficial" to being an "official" enemy of the Union. Less than a month later, Union soldiers embarked on their first campaign in East Africa and later North Africa. In early 1942 the fighting moved across the Mediterranean to Italy. On 8 September 1943, Italy surrendered to the Allies thus shifting Italy's domestic position from enemy to liberator. Thereafter, South Africans fought alongside anti-fascist Italian partisans against German occupation thus altering their relationship to comrades. Although the war ended on 8 May 1945, many Italian POWs interned in South Africa still awaited repatriation. Some remained in the country or returned and made South Africa their new place of residence, taking advantage of South Africa's acceptance of Italian nationals. Similarly, some South Africans formerly held in European POW camps took Italian wives and adopted a new culture as a consequence of the war. This article illustrates the changing South African attitudes towards Italy during the different phases of the war as well as the variation in attitudes between different factions in South African society.