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Gerenciamento de resíduos sólidos gerados em laboratório de análises clínicas na cidade de Ribeirão Preto - SP, 2007: um estudo de caso; Management of solid waste generated in laboratory analyses in the city of Ribeirão Preto - SP, 2007: a case study

Silva, Claudia Mara da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/03/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
O crescimento desordenado da população mundial, o aumento da industrialização, o consumismo exagerado, e, conseqüentemente, o aumento na geração de resíduos, vêm gerando impactos negativos na saúde humana e ambiental. No contexto dessa problemática ambiental, destaca-se a produção de resíduos perigosos e, entre esses, os resíduos de serviços de saúde - RSS. Por se caracterizarem como perigosos, várias recomendações, normas e legislações surgiram no âmbito mundial, no sentido de se encontrar um melhor sistema para seu manejo e destinação final. No Brasil, atualmente em vigor, as normas RDC No 306/04 da Anvisa e Resolução No 358/05 do Conama, dão diretrizes para a elaboração de um plano de gerenciamento de resíduos de serviços de saúde - PGRSS. Entretanto, tais legislações tratam os RSS de forma mais geral, não abordando especificamente a situação dos resíduos gerados em laboratórios de patologia e análises clínicas. O presente trabalho teve por objetivo diagnosticar a situação do gerenciamento de resíduos gerados em um laboratório de análises clínicas da rede privada, do município de Ribeirão Preto - SP, à luz da atual legislação brasileira sobre RSS. Trata-se de um estudo de caso com abordagem quali-quantitativa. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de duas entrevistas...

Gestão e gerenciamento dos resíduos de serviços de saúde pela administração pública municipal na UGRHI do Pontal do Paranapanema - SP; Management and health care waste management in generators institutions under public administration at the division of water resources of Pontal do Paranapanema - SP

Ferreira, Eduardo Rodrigues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/07/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.88%
Esta tese de doutorado teve como foco principal das análises, as atividades de gestão e gerenciamento dos resíduos de serviços de saúde na Unidade de Gerenciamento de Recursos Hídricos 22, Pontal do Paranapanema - SP. A hipótese formulada foi de que não havia conhecimento técnico em manejo de resíduos de serviços de saúde. Nos municípios, foram analisados a gestão e o gerenciamento dos resíduos de serviços de saúde em 19 municípios bem como as atividades das vigilâncias sanitárias municipais e o gerenciamento interno e externo dos resíduos de serviços de saúde de 77 estabelecimentos geradores, distribuídos nesses municípios, a saber: unidades básicas de saúde, prontos socorros e laboratório de análises clínicas. O estudo abrangeu também as atividades da Companhia Ambiental do Estado de São Paulo e do Comitê de Bacia Hidrográfica. As técnicas empregadas para a realização desta pesquisa foram: coleta de dados (emprego de questionário, formulário e observação); pesquisa bibliográfica (teses, livros, artigos) e documental (leis, normas, contratos, planos municipais de saúde e plano de gerenciamento dos resíduos de serviços de saúde - PGRSS); caracterização gravimétrica e classificação dos resíduos de serviços de saúde gerados pelos estabelecimentos municipais...

Analysis of hybrid waste-to-energy for medium-sized cities

Balcazar, Juan Galvarino Cerda; Dias, Rubens Alves; Balestieri, José Antônio Perrella
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 728-741
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
Urban centers have a huge demand for electricity and the growing problem of the solid waste management generated by their population, a relevant social and administrative problem. The correct disposal of the municipal solid waste (MSW) generated in cities is one of the most complex engineering problems that involves logistics, safety, environmental and energetic aspects for its adequate management. Due to a national policy of solid wastes recently promulgated, Brazilian cities are evaluating the technical and economic feasibility of incinerating the non-recyclable waste. São José dos Campos, a São Paulo State industrialized city, is considering the composting of organic waste for biogas production and mass incineration of non-recyclable waste. This paper presents a waste-to-energy system based on the integration of gas turbines to a MSW incinerator for producing thermal and electric energy as an alternative solution for the solid waste disposal in São José dos Campos, SP. A technical and economic feasibility study for the hybrid combined cycle plant is presented and revealed to be attractive when carbon credit and waste tax are included in the project income. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Balanced Scorecard as a management model in the waste sector

Mendes, Paula; Almeida, S.; Santos, Ana Carina; Ribau Teixeira, Margarida; Murta, E.; Silva, L.
Fonte: International Solid Waste Association (ISWA) and APESB Publicador: International Solid Waste Association (ISWA) and APESB
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.82%
All Organizations recognize that internal methodologies and frameworks are very important to have a thorough knowledge of their potential, simultaneous increase competitiveness and, correspondingly, enhance and optimize the performance of their service. Waste management is a challenge of modern society, and there is awareness that responsibility of waste management should be shared by all community, to cooperate and ensure a sustainable development with the best principles and best management practices. It is a citizenship issue, where citizens contribute adopting preventative behaviours in the production of waste, as well as practices that facilitate waste recycling, reuse and recovery, which contribute to reduce the waste life cycle. This concern and the service improvement involve the minimization of the environmental impacts, the conservation of the natural resources, the reduction of pollutant emissions, as well as the design of the solutions for the collection, transfer and transport, treatment and waste final deposition, and the allocation of human and financial resources. The need for a sustainable management of resources has led to the design and development of management models in waste systems to assess in what extent the various tasks or activities are (or are not) carried out in accordance with the objectives established in advance and the efforts...

Proposta de gerenciamento de resíduos sólidos do instituto de química da Universidade Federal de Goiás; Proposal for solid waste management of the Institute of Chemistry Federal University of Goias

NOGUEIRA, Sandro Alves
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Engenharia do Meio Ambiente; Engenharias Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Engenharia do Meio Ambiente; Engenharias
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
The quantity of waste generated grows and can cause many problems to human health and the environment. Recently, increased the discussions around the management of chemical waste in laboratories for teaching and research in Brazil, with that, details emerged of how this waste could provide occupational risks, besides offering damage to the environment. Hence, the plan for managing waste to the Institute of Chemistry of the Federal University of Goiás (IQ/UFG) was idealized. At work diagnoses and predictions for each stage of waste management were executed simultaneously, in a horizon of five years of the project. We raised the chemicals and materials used and the waste-generating activities, and then identified, quantified and ranked all waste generated. The diagnosis and prognosis of segregation, minimization, packaging, storage, collection, transportation, treatment and final disposal of waste generated were prepared. The results indicated that some materials were purchased in excess and many reagents are inadequately stored in the laboratories. The management at IQ/UFG is worrying, because there is no treatment and appropriate place for the storage of waste. 900 kg of common waste and 600 kg of chemical waste are generated per year. The chromatographic analyses are the activities that generate more chemical waste and administrative work is the activity that generates more common waste. Most of the chemical waste is of class I and flammable waste represents the greater percentage. Most of the common waste is paper and cardboard. It was proposed to build a shelter for the chemical waste and the acquisition of other containers for common waste. The chemical waste will be incinerated but waste containing mercury and cyanide...

Solid Waste Management in Bulgaria, Croatia, Poland, and Romania : A Cross-Country Analysis of Sector Challenges Towards EU Harmonization

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.97%
The European Union (EU) sets the policy framework for municipal solid waste management that drives reform initiatives in new EU member states and candidate countries. The EU policies, implementation targets, and grant funding establish the enabling environment that transforms the solid waste management sector in Bulgaria, Croatia, Poland, and Romania. The EU directives guide member states towards agreed targets without prescribing in detail how specific measures should be implemented. Various directives establish the legal framework for solid waste management; provide specifics, and an implementation timetable: these include the waste framework directive, the landfill directive, and the waste incineration directive. This study analyzes progress in Bulgaria, Croatia, Poland, and Romania; and identifies important shortcomings towards meeting the requirements of the EU acquis communautaire. All four countries have had access to large amounts of assistance from EU programs and European financial institutions...

Municipal Solid Waste Management in Small Towns : An Economic Analysis Conducted in Yunnan, China

Wang, Hua; He, Jie; Kim, Yoonhee; Kamata, Takuya
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
Municipal solid waste management continues to be a major challenge for local governments in both urban and rural areas across the world, and one of the key issues is their financial constraints. Recently an economic analysis was conducted in Eryuan, a poor county located in Yunnan Province of China, where willingness to pay for an improved solid waste collection and treatment service was estimated and compared with the project cost. This study finds that the mean willingness to pay is about 1 percent of household income and the total willingness to pay can basically cover the total cost of the project. The analysis also shows that the poorest households in Eryuan are not only willing to pay more than the rich households in terms of income percentage in general, but also are willing to pay no less than the rich in absolute terms where no solid waste services are available; the poorest households have stronger demand for public solid waste management services while the rich have the capability to take private measures when public services are not available.

Improving Municipal Solid Waste Management in India : A Sourcebook for Policy Makers and Practitioners

Zhu, Da; Asnani, P. U.; Zurbrügg, Chris; Anapolsky, Sebastian; Mani, Shyamala
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.97%
Human activities create waste, and the ways that waste is handled, stored, collected, and disposed of can pose risks to the environment and to public health. Solid waste management (SWM) includes all activities that seek to minimize health, environmental, and aesthetic impacts of solid waste. In urban areas, especially in the rapidly urbanizing cities of the developing world, problems and issues of municipal solid waste management (MSWM) are of immediate importance. This book addresses the problem by focusing on India. A country such as India, with its high economic growth and rapid urbanization, requires immediate solutions to the problems related to mismanagement of urban waste. City managers are actively trying to understand the problem and are seeking effective ways of intervening. They realize that such interventions are essential to improving the quality of their cities and to reducing adverse health and environmental impacts. For cities to be sustainable and to continue their economic development, they must be clean and healthy. They need to improve their SWM systems by adopting good collection coverage...

The Informal recycling Sector in Developing Countries : Organizing Waste Pickers to Enhance their Impact

Medina, Martin
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
For the urban poor in developing countries, informal waste recycling is a common way to earn income. There are few reliable estimates of the number of people engaged in waste picking or of its economic and environmental impact. Yet studies suggest that when organized and supported, waste picking can spur grassroots investment by poor people, create jobs, reduce poverty, save municipalities money, improve industrial competitiveness, conserve natural resources, and protect the environment. Three models have been used to organize waste pickers: micro enterprises, cooperatives, and public-private partnerships. These can lead to more efficient recycling and more effective poverty reduction.

Establishing Integrated Solid Waste Management in the Large Cities of Pakistan Multan : Comprehensive Scope Evaluation Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.96%
Solid waste management (SWM) is a major environment and health hazard in the urban areas of Pakistan. The World Bank is of the opinion that as cities economies are fast growing, business activity and consumption patterns are driving up solid waste quantities. In Pakistan the collection of waste is sporadic and the disposal is poor. Despite the fact that solid waste services represent the single largest expenditure item, less than 50 percent of the waste generated is collected; and even then it is disposed at dumpsites or roadsides since there is hardly any single sanitary landfill in Pakistan. The World Bank has been supporting the SWM agenda by financing analytical studies and formulating policies in Punjab, replicable to other provinces. The studies also pointed out needs and opportunities for the reduction and reuse of the waste by recycling and composting; and presented replicable local practices and opportunities for involving the private sector in various stages and segments of the SWM system. The report follows on from the inception report in September 2009 that summarized preliminary findings from the initial data gathering...

Study of Mercury-containing Lamp Waste Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
The overall amount of mercury in the mercury containing lamps (MCL) market in Sub-Saharan Africa is low compared to other sources of mercury, yet it can be further reduced up-stream by improving lamp lifetime and mercury content. One of the main objectives of this report is to provide policy-makers with the knowledge and tools they need when confronted with a potentially significant flow of end of life mercury containing lamps and the potential mercury pollution it could generate, either airborne or by seeping through the ground to water bodies. The risks related to MCL waste are either low or easily controllable in the business-as-usual scenario with a domestic waste collection scheme and landfills. The design of the landfill, which should be engineered, is essential to reduce human exposure, environmental impact and associated risks. The most effective solutions to reduce overall mercury emissions, which are incineration with activated carbon filters and mercury extraction and which require a separate collection scheme...

What a Waste : A Global Review of Solid Waste Management

Hoornweg, Daniel; Bhada-Tata, Perinaz
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.97%
Solid waste management is the one thing just about every city government provides for its residents. While service levels, environmental impacts and costs vary dramatically, solid waste management is arguably the most important municipal service and serves as a prerequisite for other municipal action. As the world hurtles toward its urban future, the amount of municipal solid waste (MSW), one of the most important by-products of an urban lifestyle, is growing even faster than the rate of urbanization. Ten years ago there were 2.9 billion urban residents who generated about 0.64 kg of MSW per person per day (0.68 billion tonnes per year). This report estimates that today these amounts have increased to about 3 billion residents generating 1.2 kg per person per day (1.3 billion tonnes per year). By 2025 this will likely increase to 4.3 billion urban residents generating about 1.42 kg/capita/day of municipal solid waste (2.2 billion tonnes per year).

Improving Management of Municipal Solid Waste in India : Overview and Challenges

Hanrahan, David; Srivastava, Sanjay; Ramakrishna, A. Sita
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
This study summarizes the findings of a non-lending analytical activity carried out by the World Bank in 2004 and 2005. The work was driven by concern over the quality of the urban environment, and undertaken in a context of uncertainty on the suitability and effectiveness of Bank investment in this area, particularly in regard to components that generate little or no direct revenue, like waste disposal and sewage treatment. The immediate objectives involved addressing specific problems established in consultation with clients, and identifying obstacles and challenges to the improved management of municipal solid waste (MSW) in Indian cities. The broader long-term objective of this work is to support municipal authorities in improving the quality of the urban environment within their jurisdictions, with the aim of achieving related public health and economic benefits.

Results-Based Financing for Municipal Solid Waste

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.95%
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) management is a crucial service provided by cities around the world, but is often inefficient and underperforming in developing countries. This report provides eight examples of RBF designs, each tailored to the specific context and needs of the solid waste sector in the specific city or country. These projects are currently in various stages of preparation or implementation; hence, lessons can be inferred only in terms of how solid waste projects can be developed using RBF principles. The eight examples could be classified into three main categories: (a) RBF to improve solid waste service delivery and fee collection: in Nepal and the West Bank, the projects use RBF subsidies to improve the financial sustainability of MSW services by increasing user fee collection while simultaneously improving waste collection services; (b) RBF to promote recycling and source separation: in the cases of China, Indonesia, and Malaysia, an incentive payment model is used to improve source separation and collection of waste through changes in behavior at the household level; and (c) RBF to strengthen waste collection and transport in under-served communities: in Mali and Tanzania...

Sustainability in municipal solid waste management in Bamenda and Yaounde, Cameroon

Achankeng, Eric
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 607910 bytes; 1209096 bytes; 2290498 bytes; 2275050 bytes; 1216538 bytes; 126687 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em //2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.9%
In Cameroon, and most other developing countries, the problem of inefficient municipal solid waste management ( MSWM ) is endemic. This is easily identified by persistent heaps of uncollected waste found on street sides or ubiquitous illegal dumps. This thesis examines the sustainability of MSWM in Cameroon using two contrasting city cases of Yaoundé ( 1.5m people ) and Bamenda ( 300 000 people ). As major contributions the thesis generates the much - needed basic original data, critically examines and compares the sustainability of MSWM in both cities ' systems, evaluates the environmental impacts and uses these findings to suggest valuable research, policy and strategic - planning recommendations needed to make both systems, and others in similar situations, sustainable. To achieve these goals multiple triangulated methods were used. In Bamenda, where reliable basic data are non - existent, solid waste from sampled households was collected and analysed for generation rates, quantities and characteristics. In both cities questionnaire were administered to sampled household units selected from four stratified quarters. The survey questions addressed waste management issues and sustainability indicators that were needed to study, compare and evaluate the systems within the wider concept of the waste management hierarchy. The statistical programme for social sciences ( SPSS ) computer software was used to analyse the survey results. Field observations...

Viability of Current and Emerging Technologies for Domestic Solid Waste Treatment and Disposal : Implications on Dioxin and Furan Emissions

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.94%
This study was undertaken to identify and assess the technologies available worldwide for treatment and disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW), and to make a general assessment of the applicability of these technologies to various waste management 'settings' within the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) Region. Each technology was evaluated for a number of key attributes, including demonstrated commercial viability, economics, institutional factors, sustainability metrics, and environmental attributes, including emissions of dioxins and furans. The study focused on the waste treatment technologies that have been commercially demonstrated worldwide; however, selected alternative and emerging technologies were also considered. After profiling the available waste management technologies, an assessment was then made of the general applicability of these technologies to various characteristic settings found within the LAC region. Technology applicability assessment at specific locations within the LAC region will require detailed...

Upstream Reduction of Solid Waste Generation : Implications on Dioxin and Furan Emission

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.95%
Environmental Resources Management-PR, Inc presents this report entitled 'upstream reduction of solid waste generation and its implications on dioxin and furan emissions' as part of the project phase two study upstream reduction of solid waste generation and its implications on dioxin and furan emissions, approved by the World Bank on April 19, 2011. Burning of garbage is prevalent in Latin America at poorly managed disposal sites and when it is used as a means of disposal at the household level in rural areas and other areas not adequately covered by collection. Waste burning is one of the major sources of dioxins and furans in these Countries. Current strategies to reduce these emissions include the long term process of converting dumpsites to landfills and expanding collection to areas not covered by the collection service. In addition to these programs, reduction in waste generation volume potentially present a cost-effective means to reduce overall dioxin and furan emissions and there is some evidence that reducing certain types of wastes (plastics and chlorinated polymers) will reduce the levels of dioxin and furans emitted from a given quantity waste.

Brazil Low Carbon Case Study : Waste; Estudo de Baixo Carbono para o Brasil : Relatório de Síntese Técnica - Resíduos

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Energy-Environment Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.94%
This report synthesis the findings for the waste sector of a broader study, the Brazil low carbon study, which was undertaken by the World Bank in its initiative to support Brazil's integrated effort towards reducing national and global emissions of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) while promoting long term development. The purpose of the present report is to assist in the preparation of public policy proposals regarding GHG emissions and the additional financial resources necessary. The main purpose of the scenarios is to provide an evaluation of the GHG emissions arising from the different approaches and methods for treating waste and to ensure that important environmental aspects are taken into account when key decisions are being made on the waste treatment technologies to be applied in Brazil. The World Bank and covers four key areas with large potential for low-carbon options: 1) Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry (LULUCF), including deforestation; 2) transport systems; 3) energy production and use, particularly electricity...

Managing Municipal Solid Waste in Latin America and the Caribbean : Integrating the Private Sector, Harnessing Incentives

Hoornweg, Daniel; Giannelli, Natalie
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
This note states that Latin America's urban population has grown, and its solid waste has increased at an even faster pace. Today the region's urban areas generate about 369,000 tons a day of solid waste. Ensuring that the waste is collected and disposed of properly will require strengthening the strategic role of municipalities. The private sector already plays a big part in waste collection. But private providers could do more in waste disposal and management, helping to improve service in close coordination with local authorities. Given the methane gas currently released from landfills, carbon finance is another potential driver of management improvements.

Solid Waste Management Holistic Decision Modeling

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.95%
This study provides support to the Bank's ability to conduct client dialogue on solid waste management technology selection, and will contribute to client decision-making. The goal of the study was to fully explore the use of the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the Research Triangle Institute (EPA/RTI) holistic decision model to study alternative solid waste systems in a wide array of waste management conditions, using data collected from cities selected in each region of the world. Seven cities were selected from the different regions of development countries served by the World Bank. Their data was considered to be competent, and they cooperated with the study teams. They were: Buenos Aires, Argentina; Conakry, Guinea; Shanghai, China; Kathmandu, Nepal; Lahore, Pakistan; Amman, Jordan; and Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. These cities represented a range of economic development factors, income, commercial, and industrial activity, in addition to their different physical settings and climate conditions. The cities were selected to see how such divergent variables would affect the outcome of the modeling analysis. Each of the selected cities is one of the largest within its country. In addition to the 7 target cities from developing countries...