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Escalas de interesses vocacionais (EIV) : construção, validade fatorial e consistência interna; Vocational interests scales (vis) : construction, factorial validity and internal consistency; Escalas de intereses vocacionales (eiv) : construcción, validad factorial y consistencia interna

Teixeira, Marco Antonio Pereira; Castro, Graciele Dotto; Cavalheiro, Carine Viegas
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.15%
O objetivo deste estudo foi construir um instrumento para avaliar seis dimensões de interesses vocacionais: realista (R), ivestigativa, atística (A), social (S), empreendedora (E) e cnvencional (C). Os itens gerados foram aplicados a estudantes de ensino médio e universitários, totalizando 857 protocolos válidos. Análises de componentes principais foram conduzidas para selecionar os melhores itens. Obteve-se uma solução de seis componentes, compatível com as expectativas teóricas, com 48 itens (8 por dimensão). A consistência interna (alpha de Cronbach) obtida para cada uma das escalas foi: R (0,83), I (0,79), A (0,78), S (0,85), E (0,74) e C (0,80). Análises das subamostras de estudantes universitários e de ensino médio feitas separadamente produziram resultados similares. Comparações específicas entre pares contrastantes de cursos universitários revelaram a capacidade das escalas para discriminar grupos-critério; portanto, há evidências de que o instrumento proposto é válido e fidedigno, podendo ser utilizado em futuras pesquisas.; An instrument to assess six dimensions of vocational interests, namely, Realistic (R), Investigative (I), Artistic (A), Social (S), Enterprising (E) and Conventional (C) is established. Items generated to evaluate the proposed dimensions were applied to university and high school students...

Antecedentes, dinâmica e consequentes do desenvolvimento vocacional na infância; Antecedents, dynamics and consequents of vocational development in childhood

Araújo, Alexandra Maria Dantas de Castro
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em 03/12/2009 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.55%
Tese de doutoramento em Psicologia (área de especialização em Psicologia Vocacional); Actualmente, o desenvolvimento vocacional é caracterizado como um processo de ciclo-vital, influenciado por factores pessoais e contextuais. Não obstante ser evidente que as bases da exploração e da aprendizagem vocacional se formam durante a infância, são escassos os estudos que focam os primeiros anos de vida naquele domínio, comparativamente com o que é verificado para a adolescência e vida adulta. Esta investigação pretende contribuir para o aprofundamento das questões do desenvolvimento vocacional na infância, procurando colmatar algumas lacunas encontradas ao nível da teoria e da investigação a este respeito. Assim, no capítulo do enquadramento conceptual, analisam-se criticamente as teorias que contribuem para descrever e explicar indicadores de desenvolvimento vocacional na infância, oferecendo-se igualmente uma sistematização dos resultados da investigação associada. Além disso, apresenta-se o potencial da perspectiva contextualista desenvolvimentista para a integração de ideias, conceitos e resultados neste domínio, bem como para a orientação e definição de planos de estudo, focando os primeiros anos de vida. No segundo capítulo...

Intervenções de carreira no ensino superior : estudo da eficácia de um seminário de gestão pessoal de carreira

Loureiro, Nazaré
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em 18/04/2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
Tese de doutoramento em Psicologia (área de conhecimento em Psicologia Vocacional); As alterações, constantes e rápidas, verificadas atualmente no mundo socioeducativo e laboral, criaram uma crise ao nível dos padrões orientadores das pessoas, ao mesmo tempo que um desafio para os profissionais da psicologia vocacional (Savickas, 2008). Estas mudanças evidenciam a importância do desenvolvimento, nos cidadãos, de “competências de gestão da sua própria educação e emprego” (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development – OECD, 2005, p. 8), de modo a os tornar cada vez mais proficientes para lidar com os novos desafios. A resposta a este repto pode fundamentar-se nos conhecimentos da Psicologia Vocacional sobre a eficácia das intervenções de carreira, destinadas a favorecer aquelas competências de gestão em sujeitos com diversos níveis de qualificação académica e profissional (e.g., Brown & Lent, 2005; Guichard & Huteau, 2001; Pinto, 2010; Young & Chen, 1999). Estudos de meta-análise realizados até ao momento (e.g., Brown & Krane, 2000; Oliver & Spokane, 1988; Spokane, 2004; Whiston, Brecheisen, & Stephens, 2003) demonstram que os seminários de desenvolvimento vocacional estão entre as modalidades de intervenção vocacional mais eficazes...

Work experience quality and vocational development

Gamboa, Vitor; Paixão, Maria Paula
Fonte: Universidade do Algarve Publicador: Universidade do Algarve
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em 29/11/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.36%
The provision of workplace-based experiences (internship/placement) is an important component of the training program of students attending technological and professional courses (VET), in secondary education. Regarding the effect of such experiences in vocational development, research results are not conclusive enough, mostly, if we consider the theoretical expectation that work experiences clearly affects the vocational development of adolescents (e.g., Dawis, 2002, 2005; Lent, Brown & Hackett, 1994; Mitchell & Krumboltz, 1996; Savickas, 2005; Super, 1957; Super, Savickas & Super, 1996; Vondracek, Lerner & Schulenberg, 1986). As a corollary of this observation, the main purpose of this study is to clarify the relationship between work experience quality and students vocational development. Using a longitudinal design (pre and post - internship), we conducted a study (N = 346) that explores the relationship between perceived qualities of the training experience (IQE - autonomy, colleagues feedback, social support, task variety, learning opportunities, instructions clarity, training, supervisor feedback and support ) and career exploration (CES – Stumpf et al., 1983; Taveira, 1997), career decision-making (CDS– Osipow, Carney, Winer...

Adolescent Work, Vocational Development, and Education

Zimmer-Gembeck, Melanie J.; Mortimer, Jeylan T.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.41%
This review examines contemporary issues in vocational development with emphasis on adolescents’ work experiences in social context. Attention is directed to the changing social and cultural context for vocational development, the influence of work experience on adolescent development and educational achievement, and theoretical approaches that guide contemporary studies of vocational development and career maturity. In light of the utility of current theories, new directions are suggested to enhance understanding of adolescent employment, vocational development, and educational pursuits. Social policy initiatives to promote adolescents’ exercise of agency and their vocational development are considered.

The Value of Vocational Education : High School Type and Labor Market Outcomes in Indonesia

Newhouse, David; Suryadarma, Daniel
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.44%
This paper examines the relationship between the type of senior high school attended by Indonesian youth and their subsequent labor market outcomes. This topic is very timely, given the government s recent decision to dramatically expand vocational enrollment. The analysis controls for an unusually rich set of predetermined characteristics, and exploits longitudinal data spanning 14 years to separately identify cohort and age effects. There are four main findings. First, students are sorted into different school types largely on the basis of their entering exam score. Public schools attract the highest-scoring students, while private vocational schools serve the lowest-scoring students. Second, after controlling for a variety of characteristics, including test scores, male public school graduates earn a substantial premium over their privately schooled counterparts. Third, private vocational school graduates fare at least as well as private general graduates, despite coming from more disadvantaged socioeconomic backgrounds. Finally...

Strategic Directions for Human Development in Papua New Guinea

Asian Development Bank; Australian Agency for International Development; World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.19%
There is an emerging consensus in Papua New Guinea (PNG) -- both at the governmental level and among civil society more generally -- that human development outcomes are far less than satisfactory and that service provision in many parts of the country is collapsing despite the significant level of both government and development partner financing of the human development sectors. In response, the government and the Joint Donors -- the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAid), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), and the World Bank -- embarked on a Human Development Review to suggest options for improving human development outcomes and government expenditure efficiency. In this review of strategy options for health, HIV/AIDS, and education, it is argued that human development sectors are at an important crossroad with a large unfinished agenda and a range of critical challenges.

Skill Development in India : The Vocational Education and Training System

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
This paper stresses that despite the fact that India is a fast developing economy difficulties have led the Government to conclude that far more needs to be done to engender more employment opportunities for the majority of Indians, to enable them to participate in the benefits of growth and to contribute to that growth. To do this they must have education and training that equips them for the labor market. One of the sources of the skilled workforce is the vocational education and training system. However, the government realizes that the system is not being able to appropriately respond to the needs of the labor market. A key issue, then, is what reforms/interventions are needed to improve the effectiveness of the system. Answering that question is far from easy and this paper attempts to provide some options for doing so. On the one hand India faces the future with its changing realities; on the other hand it must deal with the nature of its established traditions and structures. This paper has laid out some key reforms that must be undertaken in different areas to make the vocational education and vocational training systems more responsive to the needs of the labor market. The reform agenda is fairly comprehensive and all the reforms cannot be implemented immediately. Given this...

Malaysia Workforce Development : SABER Country Report 2013

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.46%
Malaysia s technical and vocational training (TVET) program is born out of a combination of ambition and necessity. The country has recorded impressive economic growth over several decades, bolstering ambitions that it should make the transition from middle- to high-income by transforming to a knowledge (K) economy. Vision 2020, announced by then Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, was to give substance to this plan. The need to make this transformation was driven home by a deceleration of this growth after the Asian Financial Crisis at the turn of the century followed by the Global Financial Crisis a decade later and has galvanized the country s leaders to action to bolster its human capital. TVET can play an important role in Malaysia s transformation to a knowledge economy.

Vietnam Workforce Development : SABER Country Report 2012

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
Since Vietnam launched its economic reforms in 1986, the country has enjoyed more than two decades of rapid economic growth with concomitant reductions in poverty. In the coming years, as Vietnam looks to strengthening its global competitiveness and sustaining its record of rapid growth, it faces critical challenges. Poor labor market outcomes and low productivity remain important concerns that stem in part from the paucity of job-relevant skills among workers and the limited opportunities for workers to acquire or enhance their skills. The government s response to these challenges is encapsulated in two key documents which align closely with the country s Strategy for Socioeconomic Development approved by the National Assembly. The first is the Human Resource Development (HRD) Strategy (2011 2020), approved in 2011, which defines strategic targets for workforce development and offers guidance and solutions to meet the targets. The second document, the Vocational Training Development (VTD) Strategy (2011 2020)...

China Xinjiang Province Workforce Development : SABER Country Report 2014

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.47%
This report presents the findings of the assessment of the workforce development (WfD) system of Xinjiang Province, China, conducted based on the World Bank s Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER) WfD analytical framework and tool. The focus is on policies, institutions, and practices in three important functional dimensions of policymaking and implementation strategic framework, system oversight and service delivery.

Expanding Access to Early Childhood Development : Using Interactive Audio Instruction

World Bank Group; Education Development Center
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.96%
The returns to investments in early childhood development (ECD) are manifold and can include improved school readiness, reduced drop-out rates, higher labor force productivity and greater social cohesion. Despite these high returns, enrollment in early childhood education is just 18 percent across Africa, with disproportionately high enrollment from children in urban areas and from wealthier families. Interactive Audio Instruction (IAI) is a distance learning technology that can deliver low-cost, culturally appropriate education via radio or mobile audio technology. It is a highly effective tool to reach children who can be hard to reach through conventional programs, including the rural poor and children with disabilities. IAI can also be an effective form of service delivery in unstable and conflict-affected regions.

The Impact of Vocational Schooling on Human Capital Development in Developing Countries

Loyalka, Prashant; Huang, Xiaoting; Zhang, Linxiu; Wei, Jianguo; Yi, Hongmei; Song, Yingquan; Shi, Yaojiang; Chu, James
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.47%
A number of developing countries are currently promoting vocational education and training (VET) as a way to build human capital and strengthen economic growth. The primary aim of this study is to understand whether VET at the high school level contributes to human capital development in one of those countries—China. To fulfill this aim, a longitudinal data on more than 10,000 students in vocational high school (in the most popular major, computing) and academic high school from two provinces of China are used. First, estimates from instrumental variables and matching analyses show that attending vocational high school (relative to academic high school) substantially reduces math skills and does not improve computing skills. Second, heterogeneous effect estimates also show that attending vocational high school increases dropout, especially among disadvantaged (low-income or low-ability) students. Third, vertically scaled (equated) baseline and follow-up test scores are used to measure gains in math and computing skills among the students. The results show that students who attend vocational high school experience absolute reductions in math skills. Taken together...

The Outlook for Indonesia's Development Project of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET)

Morton, Ashleigh
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.44%
The Indonesian government is largely concerned that there are too many graduates leaving secondary school without the skills necessary to ensure their economic welfare, and to contribute to national economic and industrial development. Furthermore, the Indonesian youth unemployment and underemployment rates are high and rising. The Indonesian community has a great number of students who, despite their qualifications, find it very difficult to find employment. Because of this, the Indonesian government decided to develop technical and vocational education and training (TVET) secondary schools, also known as SMKs, as the Indonesian government believed that the vocational nature of the TVET curriculum better enabled students to master a number of specific job-related knowledge and skills needed for employment, and therefore it would be easier for them to find employment. However, since the initiation of the Indonesian government's development plan for SMKs, there has been a prolific debate about whether the Indonesian government should have pushed funding into SMKs, and whether the development projects will succeed. There are several factors, which support the Indonesian government's decision. Firstly, the youth unemployment rate of lndonesia was very high and it was understood that SMK graduates found employment more easily than those from general secondary schools (SMAs). Secondly...

Technical Vocational Education and Training in Xinjiang

Xiao, Liping; Song, Jin
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
This report documents progress, analyzes strengths and weaknesses of the Xinjiang Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system, and proposes recommendations that can be used to enrich policy dialogue and open opportunities for future cooperation between Xinjiang and the World Bank. The World Bank team discussed and agreed with the foreign capital project management office of the Xinjiang education department, the main counterpart for this study, on the selection criteria for the Principal Investigator (PI) responsible for data collection and the desk review of available documentation and interviews with key informants, including officials from related departments and representatives of training institutes and enterprises. This report is composed of three sections. The first section provides a brief overview and analysis of the Xinjiang setting, including economic trends, status of the workforce and TVET system. This is followed by a summary of the Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER)-Workforce Development (WfD) results including three dimensions...

Bulgaria : Workforce Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.5%
This report presents a comprehensive diagnostic assessment of Bulgaria's workforce development (WfD) policies and institutions. The results are based on a new World Bank tool designed for this purpose, SABER-WfD. SABER-WfD is part of the World Bank's initiative on Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER) whose aim is to provide systematic assessment and documentation of the policy and institutional factors that influence the performance of key areas of national education and training systems. The SABER-WfD tool encompasses initial, continuing and targeted vocational education and training that are offered through multiple channels and focuses largely on programs at the secondary and post-secondary levels.

Institutional Assessment of Sindh Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.46%
Providing quality training that leads young people to jobs is critical for the economic and social development of the Province of Sindh, Pakistan. This working paper assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the Sindh Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority (STEVTA) as a provincial apex body in Technical Education and Vocational Training (TVET). The recent establishment of STEVTA was a major step to reduce fragmentation of training policies and programs. The paper assesses the Authority's legal foundation, governance, management, organization, human resources, financial resources and management, and networking with external organizations. The institutional assessment finds that Government of Sindh and STEVTA need to: (i) strengthen its governance by establishing a clearer reporting structure for the management of the authority's director, and by increasing the involvement of the private sector in the board, (ii) enhance its institutional capacity through hiring of teachers in its institutions based upon increased funding and a sustainable HR rationalization plan for the system that is coordinated with planned physical investments in institutions...

Republic of Korea : Workforce Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
The Republic of Korea vaulted in less than three generations from being one of the poorest countries in the world to becoming a member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). This economic transformation has attracted considerable admiration and inquiry. One of the key factors for Korea's success was the provision of skills to support industrialization and economic diversification. This report takes advantage of a new World Bank diagnostic tool to examine the development of the Korean system for Workforce Development (WfD) from 1970 to 2010. The findings are intended to document good practices, lapses and key breakthroughs and generate insights that can be used to enrich dialogue on WfD policy in the World Bank's partner countries. The tool is based on an analytical framework that identifies three functional dimensions of WfD policies and institutions: strategic framework, which refers to the praxis of advocacy, partnership, and coordination in relation to the objective of aligning WfD in critical areas to priorities for national development; system oversight...

Strategic Reform Road-map for the Technical and Vocational Education and Training Sector in West Bengal

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.46%
This report focuses on one of the key pillars of economic growth - namely, human development, and in particular, on skills development in West Bengal. It examines the current status of skills development, and potential ways forward for making the production of skills in the state more aligned to its economic growth needs. More specifically, the report investigates the characteristics of the technical and vocational education and training system that produces skills, how these skills match up in quantity and quality with what is in demand from employers in the organized and informal sectors, governance and quality assurance systems, emerging partnerships between the government and private providers of skills, and the availability of financial resources for skills development. Based on the findings from primary surveys, secondary data analysis, in-depth consultations with stakeholders, and declared policy priorities, the report provides a strategic framework and a time-based implementation road-map for reforming and reorienting technical and vocational education and training in West Bengal. This task was undertaken at the specific request of the new Government of West Bengal (GOWB) who took office in 2011. The GOWB wanted to know how to improve the quality of vocational and technical education and training in the state...

Vocational Education in the New EU Member States : Enhancing Labor Market Outcomes and Fiscal Efficiency

Canning, Mary; Godfrey, Martin; Holzer-Zelazewska, Dorota
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
This report explores the fiscal aspects of vocational education reform in the context of secondary education as a whole and considers the implications of any changes in the vocational education (VE) system for post-secondary and other modes of skill development. The report begins by describing the inherited system of vocational education in the former socialist countries of Central and Eastern Europe which was based on the assumption that everyone had to be trained for a specific occupation before starting work and that it was the function of vocational schools to provide such training. The report explores the scope for improvements in fiscal efficiency via a number of propositions about VE in the EU8 countries today: a) It would not be possible or advisable to fund adequately a traditional VE system which would provide ready-to-work recruits with narrowly specialized skills for the economy's enterprises; b) One way to reduce costs to government would be to locate practical training entirely in-plant but this is increasingly difficult; c) EU8 employers' traditional expectations of a fully-subsidized VE system delivering ready-to-work...