Página 1 dos resultados de 807 itens digitais encontrados em 0.017 segundos

Expressão de marcadores de proliferação celular e apoptose em carcinoma basocelular; Markers expression of cell proliferation and apoptosis in basal cell carcinoma

CORRÊA, Marília de Pádua Dornelas; FERREIRA, Ana Paula; GOLLNER, Ângela Maria; RODRIGUES, Michele Fernandes; GUERRA, Magno Cunha de Souza
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.9%
FUNDAMENTOS: O carcinoma basocelular é o câncer mais comum em humanos. Estudos que utilizam recursos da biologia molecular e genética, associados à histomorfologia, permitem a identificação de fatores de risco no desenvolvimento de lesões mais recorrentes e agressivas. OBJETIVO: Correlacionar a expressão dos marcadores de apoptose (p53 e Bcl-2) e proliferação celular (Ki-67 e PCNA) com os indicadores histológicos de gravidade do tumor. MÉTODOS: Estudaram-se cinco amostras das formas nodular, morfeiforme e superficial, respectivamente, e um grupo-controle com três pacientes livres de lesão. Empregou-se o teste de Mann-Whitney na comparação da expressão desses marcadores com a forma de apresentação do carcinoma basocelular. RESULTADOS: Verificou-se que a marcação do Bcl-2 foi expressiva nos CBCs ditos agressivos (variantes morfeiforme e nodular). Dos tumores estudados, 66,7% (n = 10) indicaram fortemente o p53. Nossos resultados mostram maior expressão do Ki-67 no carcinoma basocelular nodular e superficial, sem expressão nos controles. O PCNA mostrou forte marcação em todos os tipos de tumores e nos controles. CONCLUSÃO: Os achados nos permitem concluir que o Bcl-2 e o p53 apresentam tendência para diagnosticar gravidade do carcinoma basocelular e o Ki-67...

A comparison of CA125, HE4, risk ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA), and risk malignancy index (RMI) for the classification of ovarian masses

Anton, Cristina; Carvalho, Filomena Marino; Oliveira, Elci Isabel; Rosa Maciel, Gustavo Arantes; Baracat, Edmund Chada; Carvalho, Jesus Paula
Fonte: HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SAO PAULO; SAO PAULO Publicador: HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SAO PAULO; SAO PAULO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.85%
OBJECTIVE: Differentiation between benign and malignant ovarian neoplasms is essential for creating a system for patient referrals. Therefore, the contributions of the tumor markers CA125 and human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) as well as the risk ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA) and risk malignancy index (RMI) values were considered individually and in combination to evaluate their utility for establishing this type of patient referral system. METHODS: Patients who had been diagnosed with ovarian masses through imaging analyses (n = 128) were assessed for their expression of the tumor markers CA125 and HE4. The ROMA and RMI values were also determined. The sensitivity and specificity of each parameter were calculated using receiver operating characteristic curves according to the area under the curve (AUC) for each method. RESULTS: The sensitivities associated with the ability of CA125, HE4, ROMA, or RMI to distinguish between malignant versus benign ovarian masses were 70.4%, 79.6%, 74.1%, and 63%, respectively. Among carcinomas, the sensitivities of CA125, HE4, ROMA (pre-and post-menopausal), and RMI were 93.5%, 87.1%, 80%, 95.2%, and 87.1%, respectively. The most accurate numerical values were obtained with RMI, although the four parameters were shown to be statistically equivalent. CONCLUSION: There were no differences in accuracy between CA125...

Associação de marcadores de proliferação e de apoptose com a resposta à radioterapia e sua importância prognóstica em carcinoma epidermóide de palato mole; Proliferation and apoptosis markers in association with radiotherapy response and their prognostic importance in squamous cell carcinoma of soft palate

Cortelazzo, Marco Antonio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/04/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.87%
Carcinoma epidermóide de palato mole é relativamente raro, representando em torno de 15% das neoplasias da orofaringe, onde predominam os tumores de base de língua e tonsila palatina. Não há consenso sobre a melhor forma de tratamento para estes tumores, pois apesar de todos os avanços e associações terapêuticas, as taxas de sobrevida têm se alterado pouco nas últimas décadas. Mesmo com os avanços da cirurgia reparadora, minimizando as seqüelas da cirurgia oncológica, a radioterapia exclusiva e/ou associada à quimioterapia é a forma de tratamento mais utilizada em muitos serviços, principalmente para os tumores em estádio clínico avançado. Entretanto, muitos pacientes não apresentam resposta a tal terapêutica. Desse modo, selecionar um grupo de pacientes com maiores possibilidades de resposta à irradiação poderia orientar a melhor indicação terapêutica para cada caso. Sendo assim, os objetivos desse trabalho são avaliar as características demográficas, clínicas, histológicas e a expressão imunoistoquímica das proteínas p53, Ki-67, Bcl-2 e Bax como fatores preditivos de resposta ao tratamento e de sobrevida, em pacientes portadores de carcinoma epidermóide de palato mole submetidos à radioterapia com finalidade curativa. Foram selecionados...

Predição de malignidade de tumores ovarianos utilizando marcadores tumorais, índice de risco e ROMA; Prediction of malignancy of ovarian tumors using tumor markers, risk index and ROMA

Anton, Cristina
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/09/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.87%
INTRODUÇÃO: O câncer de ovário é o mais letal de todos os cânceres ginecológicos e requer ser tratado por ginecologistas especializados em centros terciários para se obter melhor prognóstico. Este trabalho tem como objetivo analisar e comparar quatro estratégias diferentes para predizer a benignidade ou malignidade de tumores pélvicos supostamente de origem ovariana utilizando para este fim, marcadores tumorais CA 125 e HE4, índice de risco de malignidade (IRM) e algoritmo ROMA. MÉTODOS: Neste estudo prospectivo foram avaliadas 128 pacientes com diagnóstico de tumores pélvicos supostamente de origem ovariana atendidas na Divisão de Clínica Ginecológica do Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo e Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo entre julho de 2008 e janeiro 2011. Foram calculadas a sensibilidade e a especificidade e construídas curvas ROC para comparar os quatro parâmetros (CA 125, HE4, ROMA e IRM) na eficácia de diferenciar tumores ovarianos. RESULTADOS: A sensibilidade obtida para CA 125, HE4, ROMA e IRM foi de, respectivamente, 70,4%, 79,7%, 74,1% e 63,0%. A especificidade para CA 125, HE4, ROMA e IRM foi de, respectivamente, 74,2%, 66,7%, 75,8% e 92,4%. Não houve diferença na comparação das áreas abaixo da curva ROC entre os quatro parâmetros. CONCLUSÕES: Nenhum dos quatro métodos estudados é o ideal na diferenciação de tumores ovarianos. Entre os quatro parâmetros analisados o HE4 foi o parâmetro com melhor sensibilidade na diferenciação de tumores ovarianos. A acurácia dos quatro métodos é equivalente e podem ser utilizados indistintamente para referenciar pacientes para serviços especializados no tratamento de câncer de ovário; BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is the most lethal of all gynecological cancers and requires to be treated by gynecologic oncologists in tertiary centers accustomed to treating this disease to achieve the best prognosis. This study aims to compare four different strategies to predict the benignity or malignancy of pelvic tumors presumably of ovarian origin using...

Homocisteína e cisteína séricas como marcadores epigenéticos de prognóstico e preditivos de resposta em tumores de mama; Serum homocysteine and cysteine as epigenetic markers of prognosis and prediction of response in breast tumors

Raimundo, Luis Gustavo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/02/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.86%
O câncer de mama é a principal causa de mortalidade por câncer entre as mulheres. Alguns biomarcadores e características clínicas são utilizados para avaliar o prognóstico e prever a resposta a uma série de abordagens terapêuticas. A Homocisteína é conhecida como um fator de risco para doença vascular aterosclerótica, mas sua participação na biologia do câncer ainda é incerta. Cisteína é o aminoácido sulfurado derivado da Homocisteína no ciclo da Metionina. Este ciclo metabólico origina as bases nitrogenadas e também determina o nível de metilação da molécula de DNA. É atualmente reconhecido que a hipometilação global do genoma é um evento chave na transformação maligna das células. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os níveis séricos de homocisteína e cisteína como biomarcadores de sobrevida e de progressão da doença em câncer de mama. Também foi avaliado o efeito de um curso de curta duração (um mês) de tratamento hormonal sobre os níveis de Homocisteína, Cisteína e metilação do DNA. Amostras de sangue foram obtidos por ocasião da biópsia inicial (pré-tratamento) em todas as pacientes e, de tumor e de tecido normal adjacente, ao diagnóstico eem um mês após, para as pacientes que receberam o regime hormonal neo-adjuvante (pré-operatório). Todas as pacientes eram mulheres na pós-menopausa...

Tumor estromal gastrointestinal (TEGI): estudo morfológico e imunohistoquímico de dez casos.

Hirata, L.; Schmitt, F. C.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 55-58
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.84%
To study the histogenesis of spindle and epithelioid cell tumors of gastrointestinal tract we evaluated ten cases of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) previously classified as leiomyomas (6 cases) and leiomyosarcomas (4 cases). The cases were studied by morphological and immunohistochemistry procedures with search of three markers: muscle specific actin (HHF-35), vimentin and S-100 protein. All tumors showed vimentin positivity. Muscle differentiation was demonstrated in three cases (33.3%), all of them benign. One tumor, in small intestine, displayed S-100 protein positivity. The results showed that the GIST represent a heterogeneous group of tumors, most of which consist of primitive mesenchymal cells.

Desmoplastic small round cell tumor of the kidney mimicking wilms tumor: A case report and review of the literature

Da Silva, Rogério Cardoso; Filho, Plínio Medeiros; Chioato, Lucimara; Silva, Tácio R.B.; Ribeiro, Sérgio M.; Bacchi, Carlos E.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 557-562
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.81%
Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a rare, aggressive, malignant neoplasm usually present with the widespread abdominal serosal involvement and affects mainly adolescents and young adults. When presenting within visceral organs, as kidney, the diagnosis of DSRCT imposes significant difficulties. We present a case of primary DSRCT of the kidney in a 10-year-old boy mimicking clinically and pathologically Wilms tumor. The tumor showed morphologic and immunohistochemical features of DSRCT and the presence of the Ewing sarcoma and Wilm tumor 1 fusion transcripts resulting from the t(11;22) (p13;q12) reciprocal translocation. DSRCT should be considered in the differential diagnosis of Wilm tumor and other small blue-round cell tumors of the kidney. © 2009 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Expression of the nonclassical HLA-G and HLA-E molecules in laryngeal lesions as biomarkers of tumor invasiveness

Silva, Tarsia G.; Crispim, Janaina C.O.; Miranda, Fabiana A.; Hassumi, Marcela K.; de Mello, Júlia M.Y.; Simões, Renata T.; Souto, Francisco; Soares, Edson G.; Donadi, Eduardo A.; Soares, Christiane Pienna
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1487-1497
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.83%
Introduction: HLA-G and HLA-E are two nonclassical class I molecules, which have been well recognized as modulators of innate and adaptive immune responses, and the expression of these molecules in virus infected cells has been associated with subversion of the immune response. Objective: In this study we performed a cross-sectional study, systematically comparing the expression of HLA-G and HLA-E in benign, premalignant and malignant laryngeal lesions, correlating with demographic and clinical variables and with the presence of high-risk and low-risk HPV types. Materials and methods: Laryngeal lesions were collected from 109 patients and stratified into 27 laryngeal papillomas, 17 dysplasias, 10 in situ laryngeal carcinomas, 27 laryngeal carcinomas without metastases, 28 laryngeal carcinomas with metastasis along with their respective draining cervical lymph nodes, and 10 normal larynx specimens. The expression of HLA-G and HLA-E molecules was determined by immunohistochemistry. HPV DNA detection and typing was performed using generic and specific primers. Results: HLA nonclassical molecules showed a distinct distribution pattern, according to the larynx lesion grade. HLA-G expression increased in benign and premalignant lesions, and gradually decreased in invasive carcinomas and in respective draining cervical lymph nodes. Conversely...

CA72-4 antigen levels in serum and peritoneal washing in gastric cancer: correlation with morphological aspects of neoplasia

Fernandes,Leonardo Landim; Martins,Lourdes Conceição; Nagashima,Carlos Alberto; Nagae,Ana Cibele; Waisberg,Daniel Reis; Waisberg,Jaques
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.8%
BACKGROUND: Determining levels of tumor markers in peritoneal washing enables likelihood of peritoneal recurrence to be ascertained in patients with high marker levels, thereby allowing provision of more accurate adjuvant treatment and postoperative follow up. AIM: To analyze the relationship between levels of tumor marker CA72-4 in serum and peritoneal washing, and morphological aspects of gastric carcinoma. METHOD: This study analyzed 32 consecutively-operated patients with gastric carcinoma, who underwent subtotal, total or palliative gastrectomy. The variables studied were CA72-4 levels in serum and peritoneal washing, lesion site, stage, degree of cell differentiation, operation performed, and number of extirpated and involvement lymph nodes. Of the 32 patient sample, 21 (65.6%) were male and 11 (34.4%) female. Mean age was 62.6 ± 14.2 years (29 to 91 years). Following anesthetic induction, peripherical venous blood was collected through percutaneous punction of an upper limb vein. After the procedure, 50 mL of physiologic solution at 37ºC was introduced into the cul-de-sac. A 10 mL volume of this liquid was aspirated from the cavity and the peritoneal washing tested for CA72-4 levels. Normal values for CA72-4 levels in serum were considered <7 U/mL and high levels as >7U/mL...

MOLECULAR MARKERS OF MUCOSA HARBORING GASTRIC ADENOMAS

SAFATLE-RIBEIRO,Adriana Vaz; FRANCO,Kátia Adriana Tessima; CORBETT,Carlos Eduardo Pereira; IRIYA,Kiyoshi; ZILBERSTEIN,Bruno; RIBEIRO Jr.,Ulysses
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.76%
Context Gastric adenoma is a precursor lesion of the adenocarcinoma. Objective To characterize gastric adenomas according to the mucin immunoexpression and to evaluate the immunoexpression of p53, p16ink4a, BCL-2, cyclin D, Ki-67, in the adenoma and in the gastric mucosa harboring adenoma. Methods Forty gastric specimens from 20 patients were classified as intestinal (MUC2 - goblet cell mucin) or foveolar (MUC5AC - gastric-foveolar mucin) adenomas. Immunohistochemistry was performed using streptavidin-biotin-complex method. Results Twelve (60%) patients were men. The mean age was 67.9 ± 12.9 years-old. Intestinal adenomas were detected in 13 (65%) patients and gastric type in 7 (35%). Low-grade dysplasia was present in 13 (65%) of the adenomas, high-grade in 3 (15%), and adenocarcinoma within the polyp in 4 (20%). Six (30%) patients had synchronous adenocarcinoma. p53 immunoexpression was observed in 6/20 (30%) of adenomas, and in 2/6 (33.3%) of synchronous tumors. There was an association between p53 immunoexpression and intestinal type of adenoma/tumor, P = 0.04. There was no association between p16ink4a, Bcl-2, cyclin D and Ki-67 and adenoma clinicopathological characteristics. Conclusion Immunohistochemistry may be useful to classify the adenomas subtypes and may define the pathway of adenoma to carcinoma sequence.

Marcadores tumorais no câncer colorretal

Fernandes,Luís César; Matos,Delcio
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2002 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.9%
Colorectal cancer is a clinical entity of a persistent relevance in clinical practice and its early diagnosis is a determinant factor to obtain better therapeutic results. Tumor markers are helpful means for a better approach to individuals with such neoplasm. In the present review, the authors analyze the phases in which surgical-clinical treatment markers must be used: diagnosis, determination of tumor stage, establishment of prognosis and detection of recurrence. Current and future markers and the consensus on their use are discussed. Causal factors for errors in diagnosis with markers and perspectives of use are also presented.

Levels of CEA and Ca 19 - 9 in the sera and peritoneal cavity in patients with gastric and pancreatic cancers

Hoskovec,David; Varga,Jozef; Konečná,Ellen; Antoš,František
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.03%
PURPOSE: Tumor markers are substances found in blood and other biological fluids if tumor is present in the body. They can be produced by tumor itself or can be results of cancer - body relation. They may be used in the follow-up of cancer patients to identify tumor recurrence. Pre-treatment levels have prognostic tool and could signalize persistence of minimal residual disease despite radical surgery. METHODS: We operated on 52 patients with upper GI malignancy (32 with gastric cancer and 20 with pancreatic cancer). Blood samples were taken before surgery and peritoneal samples immediately after laparotomy before any manipulation with tumor. All samples were examined by standard biochemical technique and the level was compared with a stage of the disease. RESULTS: Patients suffering from gastric carcinoma of stage I and II had higher level of both markers in sera then in the peritoneal cavity, however most of them were within physiological range. Patients in stage III and IV had average marker levels in the peritoneal cavity higher than in sera. Number of positive findings was increasing according to the stage of the disease. The peritoneal levels of both markers varied extremely in higher stages. In patients suffering from pancreatic carcinoma the CEA levels both in sera and peritoneal cavity were parallel but peritoneal levels were slightly higher in stages III and IV. Ca 19 - 9 was more sensitive for pancreatic cancer. The percentage of positive findings was higher in sera but the level of Ca 19 - 9 was higher in the peritoneal cavity. The number of positive findings again correlated with the stage of the disease. CONCLUSIONS: Levels of tumor markers in sera could signalize inoperability of tumor (Ca 19 - 9 in cases of pancreatic carcinoma); peritoneal levels could predict R1 resection especially in gastric cancer patients and risk of early peritoneal recurrence of the disease. Difference between the levels in the peritoneum and sera may signalize the route of dissemination (hematogenous and intraperitoneal).

Comparison of Urinary and Serum CA 19-9 as Markers of Early Stage Urothelial Carcinoma

Roy,Suparna; Dasgupta,Anindya; Kar,Kaushik
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Urologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Urologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.8%
Objectives Although the glycoprotein group tumor marker CA 19-9 has been detected in both serum and urine of bladder cancer patients, information about their comparative role in screening of low grade transitional cell carcinoma (LGTCC) and high grade transitional cell carcinoma (HGTCC) is rare. Materials and Methods In this study we measured both the urinary and serum levels of CA 19-9 in 35 LGTCC and 20 HGTCC patients by ELISA and determined the cut off value of both urinary and serum CA 19-9 levels by receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC) for both patient groups. Odds ratio (OR) for CA 19-9 was analyzed with its range at 95% confidence interval to analyze the role of this tumor marker as a screening parameter for both of these cancer types. Results For urinary CA 19-9 the OR was 20.16 with an interval of 4.91-82.71 whereas for the serum CA 19-9 it was 7.5 with an interval of 2.28-24.62. Conclusions From these data we suggest that urinary CA 19-9 is a better screening parameter with optimum sensitivity and specificity than its serum counterpart for diagnosis of low grade and early stages of transitional cell carcinoma of urinary bladder. Furthermore, it can be suggested that urinary CA 19-9 can be used as better prognostic marker for LGTCC than its serum counterpart.

A comparison of CA125, HE4, risk ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA), and risk malignancy index (RMI) for the classification of ovarian masses

Anton,Cristina; Carvalho,Filomena Marino; Oliveira,Elci Isabel; Maciel,Gustavo Arantes Rosa; Baracat,Edmund Chada; Carvalho,Jesus Paula
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.85%
OBJECTIVE: Differentiation between benign and malignant ovarian neoplasms is essential for creating a system for patient referrals. Therefore, the contributions of the tumor markers CA125 and human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) as well as the risk ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA) and risk malignancy index (RMI) values were considered individually and in combination to evaluate their utility for establishing this type of patient referral system. METHODS: Patients who had been diagnosed with ovarian masses through imaging analyses (n = 128) were assessed for their expression of the tumor markers CA125 and HE4. The ROMA and RMI values were also determined. The sensitivity and specificity of each parameter were calculated using receiver operating characteristic curves according to the area under the curve (AUC) for each method. RESULTS: The sensitivities associated with the ability of CA125, HE4, ROMA, or RMI to distinguish between malignant versus benign ovarian masses were 70.4%, 79.6%, 74.1%, and 63%, respectively. Among carcinomas, the sensitivities of CA125, HE4, ROMA (pre-and post-menopausal), and RMI were 93.5%, 87.1%, 80%, 95.2%, and 87.1%, respectively. The most accurate numerical values were obtained with RMI, although the four parameters were shown to be statistically equivalent. CONCLUSION: There were no differences in accuracy between CA125...

Differential expression of crown gall tumor markers in transformants obtained after in vitro Agrobacterium tumefaciens-induced transformation of cell wall regenerating protoplasts derived from Nicotiana tabacum

Wullems, George J.; Molendijk, Lucy; Ooms, Gert; Schilperoort, Robbert A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/1981 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.94%
To obtain transformation of plant cells, we incubated 3-day-old cell wall-regenerating protoplasts from tobacco with Agrobacterium tumefaciens harboring tumor-inducing plasmids. Putative transformed tobacco cells were selected by phytohormone autotrophic growth and were shown to be transformed by the detection of the tumor cell specific enzymes lysopine dehydrogenase or nopaline dehydrogenase. This was substantiated by the detection, in transformed tumor tissues, of DNA sequences homologous to sequences in the tumor-inducing plasmid. Segregation of tumor markers has been observed among the transformants and it is suggested that this happened during the initiation of the transformation. The stable character of the transformed state was shown by the retention of tumor markers in subcloning of primary transformants under nonselective conditions. Suppression of the neoplastic state of transformants could take place, resulting in the development of transformed shoots. Indications were obtained for the inheritance of tumor markers through meiosis from seedlings obtained from seeds of flowering transformed plants that still expressed nopaline synthesis.

Análise dos biomarcadores salivares para o carcinoma epidermoide bucal

Castillo, Kelly Andrade
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.87%
O carcinoma epidermoide bucal é uma neoplasia maligna, considerado um problema de saúde pública, pois apesar dos avanços da cirurgia, radioterapia e quimioterapia, não houve mudanças em sua taxa de mortalidade e morbidade nas últimas décadas. Visando mudar este quadro clínico crônico, o campo de grande promessa é a Oncologia Molecular, no qual estão sendo identificados os biomarcadores que são expressos diferencialmente em pacientes que apresentam esta doença. Inúmeros testes moleculares que utilizam sangue, saliva e outros fluidos corporais têm sido utilizados para caracterizar as alterações moleculares que ocorrem no organismo destes pacientes. Diante disso, este estudo tem como objetivo realizar uma metanálise para verificar os biomarcadores expressos diferencialmente na saliva dos pacientes com carcinoma epidermoide bucal, comparado a pacientes controles saudáveis de acordo com cada teste molecular. Para isso, foi feita uma busca detalhada de literatura nas bases de dados: PubMed, MedLine e The Cochrane Library para selecionar os artigos que utilizaram as palavras chave: “oral cancer”, “salivary”, “biomarkers”, “tumor markers”. Foram encontrados 179 artigos que foram submetidos a dois testes de relevância...

Microsatellite instability markers in breast cancer: A review and study showing MSI was not detected at 'BAT 25' and 'BAT 26' microsatellite markers in early-onset breast cancer

Siah, S.; Quinn, D.; Bennet, G.; Casey, G.; Flower, R.; Suthers, G.; Rudzki, Z.
Fonte: Kluwer Academic Publ Publicador: Kluwer Academic Publ
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.83%
Microsatellite markers may provide evidence of faulty DNA mismatch repair (MMR) via the detection of microsatellite instability (MSI). The choice of microsatellite markers may impact on the MSI detection rate. In hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer (HNPCC), several informative microsatellite markers have been recommended. Two of these, BAT 25 and BAT 26, are quasi-homozygous, enabling analysis of tumour DNA in the absence of paired normal DNA. Sixty-six breast cancer patients under 45 years of age at diagnosis were examined for MSI at BAT 25 and BAT 26. Tumour DNA was extracted from paraffin-embedded tissue. No MSI was detected at the BAT 25 or BAT 26 loci. An additional five microsatellite markers, known to be informative for HNPCC, were examined for MSI in these patients. Apparently-normal profiles were achieved. A tabulated survey of 306 microsatellite markers used to detect MSI in breast cancer revealed that only 35.5% of markers detected MSI at an average rate of 2.9%. The MSI detection rate at the specific HNPCC markers varied from 0% to 10% in breast cancer, with D175250 and TP53 being the HNPCC markers most suitable for analysis of breast cancer. The size of the microsatellite marker's repeat unit did not impact on MSI detection rates. Compiled data from large studies (n > 100) revealed D115988 as the marker with the highest MSI detection rate. Genomic instability pathways of carcinogenesis...

Biological Basis and Clinical Application of Serum Tumor Markers; Fundamento biológico y aplicación clínica de los marcadores tumorales séricos

Ramírez Clavijo, Sandra Rocío
Fonte: Universidade do Rosário Publicador: Universidade do Rosário
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/05/2010 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.05%
Cancer is the result of the accumulation of changes in molecules with important functions in processes such as cell proliferation, apoptosis, cell death and gene repair. Molecules, substances or altered pathways constitute tumor markers or biomarkers useful in clinical monitoring of cancer patients, because they have demonstrated to be suitable for the valuation of the patient’s treatment and it efficiency. Determination of tumor markers has not been very successful due to the low sensitivity and specificity of the techniques used and the requirement of large volumes of biological samples or the use of invasive methods for collecting them. The serum tumor markers arise, as a useful tool to obtain information about the disease progress and constitute as a scientific challenge to improve its applicability in early diagnosis, prognosis, monitoring of the disease and evaluation of therapeutic efficacy.; El cáncer es el resultado de la acumulación de alteraciones en moléculas con importante función en procesos celulares como proliferación, apoptosis, muerte celular y reparación génica. Las moléculas, sustancias o procesos alterados, pueden constituirse en marcadores o biomarcadores tumorales de gran utilidad clínica en el seguimiento de pacientes oncológicos ya que han demostrado ser idóneos para la valoración del tratamiento y su eficiencia. La determinaciónde biomarcadores tumorales no ha sido muy exitosa debido a la baja sensibilidad y especificidad de las técnicas usadas y al requerimiento de muestras biológicas en volúmenes grandes o de métodos invasivos para su recolección. Los marcadores tumorales séricos surgen...

Assessment of staging, prognosis and mortality of colorectal cancer by tumor markers: receptor erbB-2 and cadherins

Jesus,Eliane C.; Matos,Delcio; Artigiani,Ricardo; Waitzberg,Angela F.L.; Goldenberg,Alberto; Saad,Sarhan Sydney
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.84%
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prognostic significance and correlation with staging and degree of cell differentiation of the tumoral expression of the proteins c-erbB-2 and E-cadherin, in patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma. METHODS: The study included 117 patients with an average age of 63.1 years and an average follow-up duration of 28.1 months. The disease-free interval, survival, incidence of recurrence and specific mortality were evaluated. c-erbB-2 anti-oncoprotein antibodies (Dako) were utilized via the streptavidin-biotin technique. Samples were considered to be positive for c-erbB-2 if 10% or more of the tumor cell membranes were stained.The anti-E-cadherin antibodies (Dako), evaluated this protein and is considered positive, if 50% or more of the cell membranes were stained. Statistical analysis was performed using Pearson's chi-squared test, Fisher's exact test, Kaplan-Meier's estimator, the log-rank test and Wilcoxon's test (Breslow version), setting the level of statistical significance at 5% (p<0.05). RESULTS: 52 of 108 patients studied for c-erbB-2 were positive (48,1%), 47 of 93 patients studied for E-cadherin were negative (50,5%). These data do not express any correlation with TNM (tumor, node and metastasis) staging and the degree of cell differentiation or with the tumor recurrence rate. The disease-free interval among patients who were positive for c-erbB-2 and negative for E-cadherin was 68.0 months and did not differ from those with c-erbB-2 negative and E-cadherin positive ( 55.0 months - p = 0.5510). The average survival among patients positive for c-erbB-2 and negative for E-cadherin was 75 months without statistical significance difference with the other group ( 61 months - p = 0.5256). Specific mortality occurred in 20.0% of the cases and did not correlate with the expression of c-erbB-2 (p=0...

A comparison of CA125, HE4, risk ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA), and risk malignancy index (RMI) for the classification of ovarian masses

Anton, Cristina; Carvalho, Filomena Marino; Oliveira, Elci Isabel; Maciel, Gustavo Arantes Rosa; Baracat, Edmund Chada; Carvalho, Jesus Paula
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.85%
OBJECTIVE: Differentiation between benign and malignant ovarian neoplasms is essential for creating a system for patient referrals. Therefore, the contributions of the tumor markers CA125 and human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) as well as the risk ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA) and risk malignancy index (RMI) values were considered individually and in combination to evaluate their utility for establishing this type of patient referral system. METHODS: Patients who had been diagnosed with ovarian masses through imaging analyses (n = 128) were assessed for their expression of the tumor markers CA125 and HE4. The ROMA and RMI values were also determined. The sensitivity and specificity of each parameter were calculated using receiver operating characteristic curves according to the area under the curve (AUC) for each method. RESULTS: The sensitivities associated with the ability of CA125, HE4, ROMA, or RMI to distinguish between malignant versus benign ovarian masses were 70.4%, 79.6%, 74.1%, and 63%, respectively. Among carcinomas, the sensitivities of CA125, HE4, ROMA (pre-and post-menopausal), and RMI were 93.5%, 87.1%, 80%, 95.2%, and 87.1%, respectively. The most accurate numerical values were obtained with RMI, although the four parameters were shown to be statistically equivalent. CONCLUSION: There were no differences in accuracy between CA125...