Página 1 dos resultados de 8691 itens digitais encontrados em 0.036 segundos

Eficiência dos protocolos de tratamento em uma e duas fases da má oclusão de Classe II, divisão 1; Efficiency of 1-phase and 2-phase treatment protocols in Class II, division 1 malocclusions

CANÇADO, Rodrigo Hermont; PINZAN, Arnaldo; JANSON, Guilherme; HENRIQUES, José Fernando Castanha; NEVES, Leniana Santos; CANUTO, Conceição Eunice
Fonte: Dental Press Editora Publicador: Dental Press Editora
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
OBJETIVO: o objetivo deste estudo retrospectivo foi comparar os resultados oclusais e a eficiência dos protocolos de tratamento em uma e duas fases da má oclusão de Classe II, divisão 1. A eficiência do tratamento foi definida como um melhor resultado oclusal em um menor tempo de tratamento. MÉTODOS: uma amostra de 139 pacientes com má oclusão de Classe II, divisão 1, foi dividida em dois grupos, de acordo com o protocolo de tratamento instituído para a correção da má oclusão: grupo 1 - constituído por 78 pacientes tratados com o protocolo de tratamento em uma fase, com idades médias inicial e final de 12,51 (± 1,28) e 14,68 (± 1,49) anos, respectivamente; e grupo 2 - constituído por 61 pacientes tratados com o protocolo de tratamento em duas fases, com idades médias inicial e final de 11,21 (± 1,21) e 14,70 (± 1,55) anos, respectivamente. Telerradiografias em norma lateral foram obtidas ao início do tratamento, para avaliar a compatibilidade cefalométrica dos grupos. Os resultados oclusais foram avaliados nos modelos de gesso dos pacientes nas fases inicial e final utilizando o índice IPT (Índice de Prioridade de Tratamento). Aplicou-se o teste do qui-quadrado para avaliar a compatibilidade dos grupos quanto à severidade da relação ântero-posterior dos arcos dentários e à distribuição por gêneros. As variáveis diretamente relacionadas aos resultados oclusais foram comparadas por meio do teste t independente. Finalmente...

Comparative efficiency of Class II malocclusion treatment with the pendulum appliance or two maxillary premolar extractions and edgewire appliances

PINZAN-VERCELINO, Celia Regina Maio; JANSON, Guilherme; PINZAN, Arnaldo; ALMEIDA, Renato Rodrigues de; FREITAS, Marcos Roberto de; FREITAS, Karina Maria Salvatore de
Fonte: OXFORD UNIV PRESS Publicador: OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
The objective of this study was to compare, on study models and initial cephalograms, the efficiency of Class II malocclusion treatment with the pendulum appliance, and with two maxillary premolar extraction protocol. The sample consisted of 48 treated Class II malocclusion patients: group 1 comprised 22 patients (7 males, 15 females) treated with the pendulum appliance, with an initial mean age of 14.44 years and group 2, 26 patients (14 males, 12 females) treated with two maxillary premolar extractions at an initial mean age of 13.66 years. To compare the efficiency of each treatment protocol, the occlusal outcomes were evaluated on dental casts using the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) Index and the treatment time (TT) of each group was calculated on clinical charts. The degree of treatment efficiency was calculated as the ratio between the percentage of occlusal improvement, evaluated through the PAR index, and TT. Statistical analysis was undertaken by means of t-tests. The findings demonstrated that the two maxillary premolar extraction protocol provided the occlusal outcomes in a shorter time (group 1: 45.7 months, group 2: 23.01 months) and, therefore, demonstrated greater treatment efficiency than the pendulum appliance.

Relationship between malocclusion severity and treatment success rate in Class II nonextraction therapy

JANSON, Guilherme; VALARELLI, Fabricio Pinelli; CANCADO, Rodrigo Hermont; FREITAS, Marcos Roberto de; PINZAN, Arnaldo
Fonte: MOSBY-ELSEVIER Publicador: MOSBY-ELSEVIER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.72%
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the treatment success rate of Class II malocclusion without extractions, according to initial severity. Methods: Class II subjects (n = 276) were divided into 2 groups according to the severity of the malocclusion. Group 1 comprised 144 patients with bilateral half Class II malocclusion at the initial mean age of 12.27 years. Group 2 comprised 132 patients who initially had bilateral complete Class II malocclusion at the initial mean age of 12.32 years. The patients` initial and final study models were evaluated with Grainger`s treatment priority index. Chi-square tests were used to test for differences between the 2 groups for categorical variables. Variables regarding occlusal results were compared with independent t tests. Results: Group 1 had a significantly better final occlusal result, a shorter treatment time, and a higher treatment efficiency index. Conclusions: Based on these results, it was concluded that bilateral half Class II malocclusion has a better treatment success rate than bilateral complete Class II malocclusion when treatment is conducted without extractions. (Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2009; 135: 274.e1-274.e8)

Occlusal outcomes and efficiency of 1-and 2-phase protocols in the treatment of Class II Division 1 malocclusion

CANCADO, Rodrigo Hermont; PINZAN, Arnaldo; JANSON, Guilherme; HENRIQUES, Jose Fernando Castanha; NEVES, Leniana Santos; CANUTO, Conceicao Eunice
Fonte: MOSBY-ELSEVIER Publicador: MOSBY-ELSEVIER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to compare the occlusal outcomes and the efficiency of 1-phase and 2-phase treatment protocols in Class II Division 1 malocclusions. Treatment efficiency was defined as a change in the occlusal characteristics in a shorter treatment time. Methods: Class II Division 1 subjects ( n = 139) were divided into 2 groups according to the treatment protocol for Class II correction. Group 1 comprised 78 patients treated with a 1-phase treatment protocol at initial and final mean ages of 12.51 and 14.68 years. Group 2 comprised 61 patients treated with a 2-phase treatment protocol at initial and final mean ages of 11.21 and 14.70 years. Lateral cephalometric radiographs were taken at the pretreatment stage to evaluate morphological differences in the groups. The initial and final study models of the patients were evaluated by using the peer assessment rating index. Chi-square tests were used to test for differences between the 2 groups for categorical variables. Variables regarding occlusal results were compared by using independent t tests. A linear regression analysis was completed, with total treatment time as the dependent variable, to identify clinical factors that predict treatment length for patients with Class II malocclusions. Results: Similar occlusal outcomes were obtained between the 1-phase and the 2-phase treatment protocols...

Comparação dos resultados oclusais e da eficiência do tratamento das más oclusões de classe I e classe II completa com extrações de quatro pré-molares; Occlusal outcomes and treatment efficiency of Class I and complete Class II with extractions of four premolars

Nakamura, Alexandre Yudy
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/08/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
O objetivo deste estudo retrospectivo foi comparar os resultados oclusais e a eficiência do tratamento das más oclusões de Classe I e de Classe II completa, ambas tratadas com extrações de quatro pré-molares. A eficiência do tratamento foi definida como a porcentagem de alterações oclusais pelo tempo de tratamento. O Grupo 1, constituído por 75 pacientes que apresentavam inicialmente má oclusão de Classe I, apresentava idade inicial média de 13.98 anos (D.P.: 2.08, mín.: 10.54 e máx.: 23.13), e o Grupo 2, composto por 32 pacientes que apresentavam inicialmente má oclusão de Classe II completa, bilateral, apresentava idade inicial média de 13.19 anos (D.P.: 1.58, mín.: 10.48 anos e máx.: 18.58 anos). As avaliações oclusais foram realizadas em modelos de gesso dos pacientes nas fases inicial e final utilizando os índices PAR e IPT. Os índices oclusais, o tempo de tratamento e o grau de eficiência dos grupos foram comparados pelo teste t. Os resultados demonstraram que o Grupo 1 obteve melhores resultados oclusais e maior porcentagem de alterações oclusais do que o Grupo 2. Entretanto, não houve diferença significante no tempo de tratamento e na eficiência dos protocolos de tratamento entre os grupos avaliados.; The objective of this retrospective study was to compare the occlusal outcomes and the treatment efficiency in the treatment of the Class I and Class II complete malocclusions...

Avaliação do tempo e do grau de eficiência do tratamento da má oclusão de classe I realizado com e sem extrações de pré-molares; Evaluation of time and efficiency of Class I malocclusion treatment carried out with and without premolar extractions

Salazar, Ruben Leon
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/01/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.98%
O objetivo deste estudo retrospectivo foi comparar os resultados oclusais o tempo e a eficiencia do tratamento da ma oclusao de Classe I, realizado com e sem extracoes de pre-molares. Para tanto foi selecionada a partir das documentacoes do arquivo da Disciplina de Ortodontia da Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru, uma amostra composta pelas documentacoes de 111 pacientes com ma oclussao de Classe I, e em seguida dividida em dois grupos que apresentaram as seguintes caracteristicas: Grupo 1, constituido por 65 pacientes (24 masculino e 41 feminino) com idade inicial media de 13,82 anos (minima de 10,69 e maxima de 22,04 anos), que foram tratados com extracoes de quatro pre-molares. Grupo 2, constituido por 46 pacientes, (16 masculino e 30 feminino) com idade inicial media de 14,01 anos (minima de 11,04 e maxima de 21,54 anos) tratados sem extracoes de pre-molares. Ambos os grupos foram tratados com aparelho fixo, utilizando a mecanica edgewise simplificada. As avaliacoes oclusais foram realizadas em modelos de gesso dos pacientes nas fases inicial e final utilizando o indice PAR. A avaliacao da compatibilidade no inicio do tratamento foi realizada por meio do teste do Qui- Quadrado e o teste t. As comparacoes entre os resultados oclusais...

Study of retention-treatment basins in highways : case study of A24 (northern Portugal)

Bentes, Isabel; Monteiro, Marisa; Duarte, António A. L. Sampaio; Pinto, Jorge; Matos, Cristina; Matos, Arlindo
Fonte: IWRA - CD Rom Publicador: IWRA - CD Rom
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /09/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.78%
In runoff water from highways are diluted several pollutants, that can affect groundwater resources, that depend on the traffic, as well as, on the automobile wear, type of road, infrastructure installed and waterproofing area. These discharges have impacts on the environment. To mitigate such impacts usually there are used retention/treatment basins. In this paper there was analyzed runoff water quality and the efficiency of five basins located in a highway in northern Portugal, in a sensitive area, where are explored mineral waters. It was verified that the results are according with Portuguese legislation in terms of limits of discharge. The treatment efficiency of theses basins is good. The obtained results from the previous analyses were compared with others case studies with different traffic volume and different precipitation patterns.

Factors influencing antibiotic resistance burden in municipal wastewater treatment plants

Novo, Ana; Manaia, Célia M.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.81%
Municipal wastewater treatment plants are recognized reservoirs of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Three municipal wastewater treatment plants differing on the dimensions and bio-treatment processes were compared for the loads of amoxicillin-, tetracycline-, and ciprofloxacinresistant heterotrophic bacteria, enterobacteria, and enterococci in the raw inflow and in the treated effluents. The sewage received by each plant, in average, corresponded to 85,000 inhabitant equivalents (IE), including pretreated industrial effluents (≤30%) in plant activated sludge, 105,000 IE, including pretreated hospital effluents (≤15%) in plant trickling filter, and 2,000 IE, exclusively of domestic sewage, in plant submerged aerated filter. The presence of pretreated industrial effluents or of pretreated hospital sewage in the raw inflow did not imply significantly higher densities (per milliliter or per IE) of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the raw wastewater. Longer hydraulic residence periods (24 h) corresponded to higher bacterial removal rates than shorter periods (12 and 9 h), although such efficiency did not imply significant average decreases in the antibiotic resistance prevalence of the treated effluent. The bacterial loads in the treated effluent could be ranked according to the treatment efficiency...

Articulação do tratamento das águas lixiviantes de infraestruturas de resíduos com ETAR urbanas: caso de estudo

Vieira, Flávio Norberto de Gouveia
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /05/2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
A deposição de resíduos sólidos urbanos (RSU) em aterros sanitários (AS) tem uma dimensão que necessita de uma atenção especial por parte da sociedade. Deste acto podem resultar situações gravosas para o meio ambiente se não forem tomadas as medidas correctas. Um dos pontos que necessita de uma particular atenção é o tratamento das águas lixiviantes dos aterros sanitários, uma vez que estas apresentam geralmente cargas altamente poluentes. O presente trabalho apresenta a estrutura de um aterro sanitário, definindo os seus princípios de funcionamento, bem como as principais características a ter em consideração para a sua concepção e construção. É ainda abordada a composição dos resíduos sólidos produzidos em Portugal de acordo com (1) e as características quantitativas e qualitativas do lixiviado produzido por um AS. São apresentados os sistemas tratamento convencionais, biológicos e físico-químicos, mais utilizados em Portugal para o tratamento de águas lixiviantes, relacionando as problemáticas e as limitações associadas a cada um deles. É ainda apresentado o tratamento combinado de águas lixiviantes com águas residuais e a recirculação de lixiviado no sistema de tratamento, assim como algumas das vantagens associadas a estas práticas. Tendo por base...

Aerobic treatment of winery wastewater with the aim of water reuse

Oliveira, M.; Queda, C.; Duarte, E.
Fonte: IWA Publishing Publicador: IWA Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.87%
An air micro-bubble bioreactor (AMBB) using a free self-adapted microbial population, 15dm3 working volume, was used for aerobic treatment of winery wastewater. This reactor utilizes a Venturi injector in conjunction with mass transfer multiplier nozzles, which allow an efficient oxygen transfer. The reactor can operate in batch or continuous conditions. The dynamics of chemical oxygen demand (COD), biomass and total contents of polyphenolic compounds was followed throughout each trial. The wastewater COD ranged between 4.0–8.0 kgCODm23 and the efficiency of the batch treatment was about 90.0 ^ 4.3%, after 6 days of operation. The maximum efficiency obtained was achieved after 15 days of treatment (99%). In continuous conditions, the loading rate and the treatment efficiency ranged between 0.45–1.00 kgCODm23 d21 and 93.3 ^ 2.0%, respectively. The AMBB hydraulic retention time was 15 days. To assess the suitability of treated water in relation to vineyard irrigation, the effluent was physico-chemical analysed and direct toxicity bioassays with effluent matrix were carried out using Lepidium sativum L. seeds. The results showed the water quality required to be reutilised minimizing water consumption. This study will contribute for the implementation of an efficient water use plan...

Pre-treatment of lignocellulosic biomass using ionic liquids: wheat straw fractionation

Lopes, André; João, Karen; Rubik, Djonatam; Bogel-Lukasik, Ewa; Duarte, Luís C.; Andreaus, Jurgen; Bogel-Lukasik, R.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.69%
This work is devoted to study pre-treatment methodologies of wheat straw with 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([emim][CH3COO]) and subsequent fractionation to cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. The method developed and described here allows the separation into high purity carbohydrate and lignin fractions and permits an efficient IL recovery. A versatility of the established method was confirmed by the IL reuse. The fractionation of completely dissolved biomass led to cellulose-rich and hemicellulose-rich fractions. A high purity lignin was also achieved. To verify the potential further applicability of the obtained carbohydrate-rich fractions, and to evaluate the pre-treatment efficiency, the cellulose fraction resulting from the treatment with [emim][CH3COO] was subjected to enzymatic hydrolysis. Results showed a very high digestibility of the cellulose samples and confirmed a high glucose yield for the optimized pre-treatment methodology.

Pre-treatment of different types of lignocellulosic biomass using ionic liquids

João, Karen Andreína Godinho
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.84%
Dissertação apresentada na Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade Nova de Lisboa para obtenção do grau Mestre em Biotecnologia; The pre-treatment of biomass by ionic liquid (IL) is a method opening new possibilities of biomass fractionation for further valorisation of low value feedstock. This work is dedicated to study on the pre-treatment and fractionation of different types of lignocellulosic biomass into its major constituent fractions (cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin), using ILs. The biomass tested was: wheat straw, sugarcane bagasse, rice straw and triticale. Initially, the optimised methods were development basing on two methodologies described in the literature. This method allows the separation into high purity carbohydrate-rich (cellulose and hemicellulose) and lignin-rich fractions and permits an efficient IL recovery. The possibility of IL reuse was confirmed, demonstrating the great potential of the established method. The pre-treatment of various biomasses confirms the versatility and efficiency of the optimised methodology since not only the complete macroscopic dissolution of each biomass was achieved but also the fractionation process was successfully performed. Pre-treatment of sugarcane bagasse and triticale allowed to obtained cellulose samples rich in carbohydrate up to 90 wt %. In order to verify the potential further applicability of the obtained carbohydrate-rich fractions...

Swine manure post-treatment technologies for pathogenic organism inactivation

Bilotta,Patrícia; Kunz,Airton
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
Swine manure agricultural use is a common practice in Brazil. Their physic-chemical characteristics favor its use as biofertilizer, but the presence of pathogens may become a risk to human health. This research presents a qualitative study of the main alternatives of pig manure disinfection, analyzing efficiency, advantages and limitations of each procedure. The disinfection studies reported in literature are based on the following treatments: alkaline, thermal, biological, chemical, and physical. The greater efficiencies are in thermal treatment (> 4 log: 60 °C), chemical treatment (3 to 4 log: 30mg Cl- L-1; 3 to 4 log: 40 mg O3 L-1) and physical treatment (3 a 4 log: 220 mJ UV radiation cm-2). The biological treatment (anaerobiosis) also promotes the pathogen reduction of swine manure, however with lower efficiency (1 to 2 log). The selection of the treatment should consider: implementation and operation cost, necessity of preliminary treatment, efficiency obtained and destination of the treated manure (agricultural use, water reuse). Brazilian regulation does not have specific guidelines for the microbiological quality of animal production effluents that is very important to be considered due to confined animal feeding operation transformation in the last years in the country.

Efficiency of Class I and Class II malocclusion treatment with four premolar extractions

JANSON,Guilherme; NAKAMURA,Alexandre; BARROS,Sérgio Estelita; BOMBONATTI,Roberto; CHIQUETO,Kelly
Fonte: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP Publicador: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.98%
Four premolar extractions is a successful protocol to treat Class I malocclusion, but it is a less efficient way when compared with other Class II treatment protocols. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of anteroposterior discrepancy on the success of four premolar extractions protocol. For that, treatment efficiency of Class I and complete Class II malocclusions, treated with four premolar extractions were compared. Methods: A sample of 107 records from 75 Class I (mean age of 13.98 years - group 1) and 32 Class II (mean age of 13.19 years - group 2) malocclusion patients treated with four premolar extractions was selected. The initial and final occlusal status of each patient was evaluated on dental casts with the PAR index. The treatment time was calculated based on the clinical charts, and the treatment efficiency was obtained by the ratio between the percentage of PAR reduction and treatment time. The PAR index and its components, the treatment time and the treatment efficiency of the groups were statistically compared with t tests and Mann-Whitney U-test. Results: The Class II malocclusion patients had a greater final PAR index than Class I malocclusion patients, and similar duration (Class I - 28.95 mo. and Class II - 28.10 mo.) and treatment efficiency. Conclusion: The treatment of the complete Class II malocclusion with four premolar extractions presented worse occlusal results than Class I malocclusion owing to incomplete molar relationship correction.

Influence of initial occlusal severity on time and efficiency of Class I malocclusion treatment carried out with and without premolar extractions

Leon-Salazar,Ruben; Janson,Guilherme; Henriques,José Fernando Castanha; Leon-Salazar,Vladimir
Fonte: Dental Press International Publicador: Dental Press International
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.96%
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the occlusal outcomes, duration and efficiency of Class I malocclusion treatment carried out with and without premolar extractions in patients with different degrees of initial malocclusion severity. METHODS: Complete records of 111 patients were obtained and divided into two groups: Group 1 consisted of 65 patients at an initial mean age of 13.82 years old treated with four premolar extractions; whereas Group 2 consisted of 46 patients at an initial mean age of 14.01 years old treated without extractions. Two subgroups were obtained from each group (1A, 1B, 2A and 2B) with different degrees of malocclusion severity according to the initial values of PAR index. Compatibility was assessed using chi-square and t-tests. The subgroups were compared by means of Analysis of Variance (ANOVA).The variables that might be related to treatment duration and efficiency were assessed using the multiple linear regression analysis. RESULTS: Initial malocclusion severity was positively related to the amount of occlusal correction and consequently to a higher efficiency index. Moreover, extraction protocol showed a positive relationship with treatment duration and a negative relationship with treatment efficiency. CONCLUSION: Extraction and non-extraction protocols for correction of Class I malocclusion provide similar satisfactory results; however...

Intermittent claudication--surgical reconstruction or physical training? A prospective randomized trial of treatment efficiency.

Lundgren, F; Dahllöf, A G; Lundholm, K; Scherstén, T; Volkmann, R
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1989 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.83%
This study reports the initial evaluation of treatment efficiency in 75 patients with intermittent claudication who were randomized to three treatment groups: 1) reconstructive surgery, 2) reconstructive surgery with subsequent physical training, and 3) physical training alone. Before treatment, there were no statistically significant differences between the groups in age, sex, smoking habits, symptom duration of claudication, ankle-arm blood pressure quotient (ankle-index), maximal plethysmographic calf blood flow, symptom-free and maximal walking distance, the history of other atherosclerotic manifestations or in the medical treatment. The walking performance was improved in all three groups at follow-up 13 +/- 0.5 months after randomization. Surgery was most effective, but the addition of training to surgery improved the symptom-free walking distance even further. In pooled observations of the three groups, age, symptom duration, and a history of myocardial ischemic disease correlated negatively with walking performance after treatment. In the operated group, the duration of claudication and a history of myocardial ischemic disease correlated negatively with the walking performance. This was not the case when patients were censored if limited by other symptoms than intermittent claudication after treatment. In the trained group...

Influence of plant species and richness on pollutant removal in treatment wetlands

Rodriguez, Mariana
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.78%
Les marais filtrants artificiels sont des écosystèmes recréés par l’homme dans le but d’optimiser l’épuration des eaux usées. Lors de la sélection d’espèces végétales pour la mise en place de ces marais filtrants, l’utilisation d’une polyculture ainsi que d’espèces indigènes non invasives est de plus en plus recommandée. Néanmoins, la plupart des marais filtrants existants sont des monocultures utilisant des plantes envahissantes, probablement à cause du manque d’évidences scientifiques sur les avantages de la diversité végétale et de la performance des espèces locales. Ainsi, les questions de recherche autour desquelles s’oriente ma thèse sont: Les polycultures présentent-elles un potentiel épuratoire aussi ou plus grand que les monocultures, et une espèce indigène est-elle aussi efficace et performante qu’une espèce exotique envahissante dans des marais filtrants ? Trois expériences ont été conduites afin de répondre à ces questions. J’ai d’abord testé l’influence de la richesse végétale sur l’élimination des polluants en deux dispositifs expérimentaux: 1) comparant deux espèces de plantes émergentes en monoculture ou combinées séquentiellement, et 2) évaluant la performance de quatre espèces flottantes plantées en monoculture par rapport à des associations de deux (avec toutes les combinaisons possibles) et de quatre espèces. Une troisième expérience a été réalisée afin de comparer l’efficacité épuratoire de l’haplotype européen envahissant du roseau commun (Phragmites australis) et de la sous-espèce locale non-invasive (P. australis subsp. americanus). La composition en espèces végétales a produit un effet notable sur la performance des marais filtrants. La comparaison des performances en mono- et en polyculture n’a pas permis de démontrer clairement les avantages de la diversité végétale pour l’élimination des polluants dans les marais filtrants. Toutefois...

The effects of plants(Typha Latifolia)and root-bed medium on the treatment of domestic sewage within a vertical flow constructed wetland /

Rozema, Lloyd R.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.68%
The effect that plants {Typha latifolia) as well as root-bed medium physical and chemical characteristics have on the treatment of primary treated domestic wastewater within a vertical flow constructed wetland system was investigated. Five sets of cells, with two cells in each set, were used. Each cell was made of concrete and measured 1 .0 m X 1 .0 m and was 1.3 m deep. Four different root-bed media were tested : Queenston Shale, Fonthill Sand, Niagara Shale and a Michigan Sand. Four of the sets contained plants and a single type of root-bed medium. The influence of plants was tested by operating a Queenston Shale set without plants. Due to budget constraints no replicates were constructed. All of the sets were operated independently and identically for twenty-eight months. Twelve months of data are presented here, collected after 16 months of continuous operation. Root-bed medium type did not influence BOD5 removal. All of the sets consistently met Ontario Ministry of Environment (MOE) requirements (<25 mg/L) for BOD5 throughout the year. The 12 month average BOD5 concentration from all sets with plants was below 2.36 mg/L. All of the sets were within MOE discharge requirements (< 25 mg/L) for suspended solids with set effluent concentrations ranging from 1.53 to 14.80 mg/L. The Queenston Shale and Fonthill Sand media removed the most suspended solids while the Niagara Shale set produced suspended solids. The set containing Fonthill Sand was the only series to meet MOE discharge requirements (< Img/L) for total phosphorus year-round with a twelve month mean effluent concentration of 0.23 mg/L. Year-round all of the root-bed media were well below MOE discharge requirements (< 20mg/L in winter and < 10 mg/L in sumnner) for ammonium. The Queenston Shale and Fonthill Sand sets removed the most total nitrogen. Plants had no effect on total nitrogen removal...

Plantas ornamentais no pos-tratamento de efluentes sanitarios : wetlands-construidos utilizando brita e bambu como suporte; Domestic wastewater post-treatment using ornamental plants : Constructed-Wetlands with gravel and bamboo as substrate

Luciano Zanella
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/04/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.98%
Sistemas de pós-tratamento de efluentes de reatores anaeróbios possibilitam a melhoria na qualidade do esgoto tratado de forma simplificada nas mais diversas condições, incluindo o atendimento local de pequenas comunidades não servidas por sistemas convencionais de coleta e tratamento. A opção pelo sistema de wetlands-construídos possibilita tirar proveito de condições secundárias do sistema de tratamento de efluentes como o efeito paisagístico do maciço vegetal, diminuição nos índices de rejeição do sistema pela população e, com a introdução de espécies de interesse comercial, a possibilidade de geração de trabalho e renda para a população circunvizinha. São várias as espécies de interesse ornamental que podem ser adaptadas aos sistemas de pós-tratamento de esgoto dentre elas a Zantedeschia aethiopica (copo de leite), Cyperus papyrus (papiro), Canna x generalis (biri) e Cyperus isocladus (mini papiro) e a mesma versatilidade pode ser aplicada aos materiais utilizados como meio-suporte como, por exemplo, o bambu, testado em comparação à brita no sistema avaliado em Campinas, SP, para pós-tratamento de efluente de reator compartimentado anaeróbio. As espécies ornamentais se adaptaram bem ao sistema de pós-tratamento mostrando-se viáveis para sistemas de wetlands-construídos. a bambu mostrou-se como uma alternativa aos meiossuportes tradicionais embora com resultados inferiores àqueles obtidos quando do uso da brita. Análises estatísticas indicam que...

Evaluation of the treatment efficiencies of paper mill whitewaters in terms of organic composition and toxicity

Latorre Fernández, Anna; Malmqvist, Asa; Lacorte Bruguera, Silvia; Welander, Thomas; Barceló, Damià
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 162 bytes; application/msword
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.78%
8 pages, 3 figures, 1 table.-- PMID: 17118260 [PubMed].-- Online version available Nov 20, 2006.; Issue title: Air Pollution and Climate Change: A Global Overview of the Effects on Forest Vegetation.; The efficiency of several lab scale treatments (aerobic, anaerobic and ozone or combination of these) was evaluated using two packaging board mill whitewaters. The effect of the different treatments on the elimination of the organic load, the chemical oxygen demand (COD) and the toxicity was tested as well as the relationship between these parameters. Biocides, phenolic compounds, surfactants, plasticiziers and wood extractives were identified in untreated and treated whitewaters by liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LCeMS) or gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GCeMS). A strong dependency on the water type and treatment efficiency was observed, being the combination of anaerobic and aerobic treatments the best option to reduce the organic contaminants in these waters, although in some cases, the toxicity did not decrease. However, ozone as post-treatment permitted a further reduction of organic compounds, toxicity and COD.; Aerobic and anaerobic treatments remove organic compounds in paper mill effluents but toxicity remains.; This study has been supported by the EU Energy...