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Oral health in Brazil - Part II: Dental Specialty Centers (CEOs)

PEDRAZZI, Vinícius; DIAS, Katia Regina Hostilio Cervantes; RODE, Sigmar de Mello
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
The concepts of health promotion, self-care and community participation emerged during the 1970s and, since then, their application has grown rapidly in the developed world, showing evidence of effectiveness. In spite of this, a major part of the population in the developing countries still has no access to specialized dental care such as endodontic treatment, dental care for patients with special needs, minor oral surgery, periodontal treatment and oral diagnosis. This review focuses on a program of the Brazilian Federal Government named CEOs (Dental Specialty Centers), which is an attempt to solve the dental care deficit of a population that is suffering from oral diseases and whose oral health care needs have not been addressed by the regular programs offered by the SUS (Unified National Health System). Literature published from 2000 to the present day, using electronic searches by Medline, Scielo, Google and hand-searching was considered. The descriptors used were Brazil, Oral health, Health policy, Health programs, and Dental Specialty Centers. There are currently 640 CEOs in Brazil, distributed in 545 municipal districts, carrying out dental procedures with major complexity. Based on this data, it was possible to conclude that public actions on oral health must involve both preventive and curative procedures aiming to minimize the oral health distortions still prevailing in developing countries like Brazil.

Urgency treatment profile of 0 to 15 year-old children assisted at urgency dental service from Bauru Dental School, University of São Paulo

Sakai,Vivien Thiemy; Magalhães,Ana Carolina; Pessan,Juliano Pelim; Silva,Salete Moura Bonifácio da; Machado,Maria Aparecida de Andrade Moreira
Fonte: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP Publicador: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
Dental recordings of 0 to 15-year-old patients assisted at Urgency Dental Service (UDS) from Bauru Dental School, University of São Paulo, in 2001 and 2002, were assessed in order to quantify the number of patients that used the service, to determine attendance patterns, and to record the frequency of different types of dental emergencies and their performed treatment. Data were plotted and submitted to a descriptive statistical analysis. Among the total of patients attended at UDS (6020), 1166 (19.37%) were children, with mean age of 9.24 years. Trauma was the cause for 199 (17.06%) of the recorded urgency visits. It occurred more frequently in children between 0 and 3 years of age (34.42%), and between 7 and 12 years of age (18.12%). The main treatments performed were temporary restoration (33.33%) for coronal fracture, and orientation (24.44%) for luxation. Nontraumatic events were the etiology for 967 (82.92%) of the total urgency diagnosis. The most commonly found nontraumatic diagnosis was dental caries lesions (61.75%), followed by problems of eruption or root resorption (14.27%) and bone or soft tissue lesions (6.51%), among others (17.47%). The most frequent treatments performed for caries lesions were: excavation and temporary restoration (39.39%) when there was no abscess...

Oral health in Brazil - Part II: Dental Specialty Centers (CEOs)

Pedrazzi,Vinícius; Dias,Katia Regina Hostilio Cervantes; Rode,Sigmar de Mello
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
The concepts of health promotion, self-care and community participation emerged during the 1970s and, since then, their application has grown rapidly in the developed world, showing evidence of effectiveness. In spite of this, a major part of the population in the developing countries still has no access to specialized dental care such as endodontic treatment, dental care for patients with special needs, minor oral surgery, periodontal treatment and oral diagnosis. This review focuses on a program of the Brazilian Federal Government named CEOs (Dental Specialty Centers), which is an attempt to solve the dental care deficit of a population that is suffering from oral diseases and whose oral health care needs have not been addressed by the regular programs offered by the SUS (Unified National Health System). Literature published from 2000 to the present day, using electronic searches by Medline, Scielo, Google and hand-searching was considered. The descriptors used were Brazil, Oral health, Health policy, Health programs, and Dental Specialty Centers. There are currently 640 CEOs in Brazil, distributed in 545 municipal districts, carrying out dental procedures with major complexity. Based on this data, it was possible to conclude that public actions on oral health must involve both preventive and curative procedures aiming to minimize the oral health distortions still prevailing in developing countries like Brazil.

Occlusal characteristics and orthodontic treatment need in black adolescents in Salvador/BA (Brazil): an epidemiologic study using the Dental Aesthetics Index

Farias,Arthur Costa Rodrigues; Cangussu,Maria Cristina Teixeira; Ferreira,Rogério Frederico Alves; Castellucci,Marcelo de
Fonte: Dental Press International Publicador: Dental Press International
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to evaluate the need of orthodontic treatment, prevalence and severity of the malocclusions in individuals of black ethnicity in a representative sample of schoolchildren of the city of Salvador/Brazil, as well as to verify if the malocclusion was affected by socio-demographic conditions such as age and gender. METHODS: The reference population was constituted of schoolchildren with age between 12 and 15 years, enrolled in public and private schools. The malocclusion was evaluated in 486 students of black ethnicity, with ages varying from 12 to 15 years, selected in random sample in multiple stages. The adopted significance level was 1% and the power of the test was 90%. A questionnaire registering demographic characteristics was filled out by each individual. The Dental Aesthetics Index (DAI) was used by previously calibrated examiners (kappa 0.89), according to criteria of the World Health Organization. RESULTS: It was verified that most of the individuals (76%) had little or any need for orthodontic treatment. About 24% showed a condition of severe malocclusion, culminating in a vital need for orthodontic treatment. The main occlusal characteristics found in the group with high need of orthodontic treatment were dental crowding and accentuated overjet. The age was positively related to the improvement of the maxillary overjet and to the presence of crowding. CONCLUSION: The development of public politics that aim the insertion of orthodontic treatment among the procedures of health programs...

Clarifications, guidelines and questions about the dental bleaching "associated" with orthodontic treatment

Consolaro,Alberto; Consolaro,Renata Bianco; Francischone,Leda
Fonte: Dental Press International Publicador: Dental Press International
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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With regard to the best moment for carrying out or recommending dental bleaching to orthodontic patients, some explanations and orientations are given in order to answers the following questions: 1) Why orthodontic treatment completion is considered the best opportunity for carrying out the procedure? 2) Why dental bleaching should not be performed immediately before orthodontic treatment? 3) If that would be possible at any special case, what would that be? 4) Why dental bleaching should not be performed during orthodontic treatment? 5) If that would be possible at any special case, what would that be? This article highlights why it is essential to protect both the mucosa and the cervical region, regardless of the moment when dental bleaching is performed, whether associated with orthodontic treatment or not. The "how", "why" and "if" of whether or not it is convenient to perform dental bleaching before orthodontic treatment are still a matter of clinical suggestion, as it is a procedure that is under analysis, empirical knowledge waiting for scientific proof or disproof! Although tooth enamel has adamantine fluid flowing within it, providing a specific metabolism that is peculiar to its own and which could scientifically explain and base the option of carrying out teeth whitening before and during orthodontic treatment...

Finishing procedures in Orthodontics: dental dimensions and proportions (microesthetics)

Brandão,Roberto Carlos Bodart; Brandão,Larissa Bustamente Capucho
Fonte: Dental Press International Publicador: Dental Press International
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present article is to describe procedures that can be performed to achieve excellence in orthodontic treatment finishing. The content is limited to microesthetics, which comprises the concept of ideal dental dimensions and proportions (white esthetics) and its correlation with the periodontium (pink esthetics). Standards of normality are described both in their real dimensions (dental height and width), and in those effectively perceived by the observer, the virtual dimensions. METHODS: The best scientific evidence was sought in the literature to support the clinical procedures that must guide the professional to obtain maximum esthetic quality on their treatments. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate what the other specialties in Dentistry expect from Orthodontics and, specially, what they have to offer. Clinical cases will be used to illustrate the dental movement that might maximize treatment outcome and to confront the ideal standards with the current state of the art. CONCLUSION: Treatment quality is directly related to the amount of procedures implemented by the orthodontist, associated with concepts and resources from Periodontics and Dental Prosthesis. Microesthetics cannot be seen in isolation...

Comportamento infantil durante consultas odontol??gicas sequenciais : influ??ncia de caracter??sticas cl??nicas, psicossociais e maternas; Children behavior during sequential dental visits: influence of clinical, psychosocial and maternal characteristics

CADEMARTORI, Mariana Gonzalez
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Odontologia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Odontologia; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Odontologia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Odontologia; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
One of the most challenging aspects faced by pediatric dentists is behavior management. Child behavior in the dental setting is a multifactorial phenomenon and studies have suggested that some factors may predict children s behavior in dental settings. Thus, this dissertation aimed to assess the behavior of children during sequential dental visits according to the treatment the child received, as well as to investigate the factors that can influence the behavior of children during dental treatment. A convenience sample of children aged from 7-to-13 years old attending a Pediatric Dentistry Clinic was accompanied during 4 sequential visits. Behavior was classified according to Frankl s scale. Mothers and children were interviewed previously to the 1st visit to collect information on demographic, socioeconomic and psychosocial characteristics. The complexity of treatment in each visit was classified as minimally invasive, invasive or very invasive. Behavior trajectory following the visits was assessed. To test the association of the independent variables and behavior Chi-squared and Fisher s exact tests were used. To determine the effect of the variables on the outcome behavior, crude and adjusted Poisson regression analyses were used (Relative Risk; 95% Confidence Interval). The level of significance was set at 5%. A total of 111 mother-child dyads were included. The behavior at the first visit was 100% positive for all children. In the trajectory of behavior during the sequential visits...

Longitudinal comparison of factors influencing choice of dental treatment by private general practitioners

Brennan, D.; Spencer, A.
Fonte: Australian Dental Assn Inc Publicador: Australian Dental Assn Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.08%
Background: Service rate variations and appropriateness of care issues have focused attention on factors that influence treatment decisions. The aims of this study were to examine what factors dentists consider in choosing alternative treatments, the stability of these factors over time and whether stability of treatment choice was related to age of dentist. Methods: Baseline data were collected by mailed self-complete questionnaires from a random sample of Australian dentists (response rate=60.3 per cent, n=345 private general practitioners provided service data from a typical day) in 1997–1998 and followup data were collected in 2004 (response rate=76.8 per cent, n=177 matched longitudinal cases). Results: The most frequent factors considered important across six alternative treatment pair choice scenarios were caries rate for ‘exam v. x-ray’, age of patient for ‘preventive v. restorative intervention’, cost of treatment for ‘crown v. buildup’, ‘root canal v. extraction’ and ‘bridge v. denture’, and calculus for ‘prophylaxis v. scaling’. The only differences over time were (t-test, P<0.05): higher proportions of responses in the mouth status group at follow-up for ‘exam v. x-ray’; higher proportions of responses in the visit history group at follow-up for ‘preventive v. restorative intervention’; a lower proportion of responses in the caries group at follow-up for ‘crown v. build-up’; and a higher proportion of responses in the treatment constraints group at follow-up for ‘prophylaxis v. scaling’. Conclusions: While a wide range of responses were offered as factors influencing the choice of alternative treatments...

Patients with artificial joints: do they need antibiotic cover for dental treatment?

Scott, J.; Morgan, D.; Avent, M.; Graves, S.; Goss, A.
Fonte: Australian Dental Assn Inc Publicador: Australian Dental Assn Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This study reviews whether patients with artificial joints need antibiotic cover for dental treatment. Generally in Australia the practice has developed of giving most patients with artificial joints antibiotic prophylaxis for a wide range of dental procedures. This is partly on anecdotal grounds, partly historical and partly for legal concerns. It has been encouraged by some guidelines. Scientifically, the risk and the benefit of each step in the process needs to be analysed. This review shows that the risk of an artificial joint becoming infected from a bacteraemia of oral origin is exceedingly low whereas the risk of an adverse reaction to the antibiotic prophylaxis is higher than the risk of infection. If all patients with artificial joints receive antibiotic prophylaxis then more will die from anaphylaxis than develop infections. Factors which balance the risk benefit are if the patient is seriously immunocompromised, if the joint prosthesis is failing or chronically inflamed and if the dental procedures, such as from extractions and deep periodontal scaling, produce high level bacteraemias. Recommendations to rationalize antibiotic prophylaxis for patients with artificial joints are presented.; JF Scott, D Morgan, M Avent, S Graves and AN Goss; The document attached has been archived with permission from the Australian Dental Association. An external link to the publisher’s copy is included.

Predictors of fixed orthodontic treatment in 15-year-old adolescents in South Australia

Spencer, A.; Allister, J.; Brennan, D.
Fonte: Munksgaard International Publishers Ltd. Publicador: Munksgaard International Publishers Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1995 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
An understanding of the determinants of the provision of fixed orthodontic treatment would be beneficial in the planning of any system aimed at rationalising supply. The aim of this longitudinal study was to determine those factors which were predictive of the provision of fixed orthodontic treatment in adolescents. Baseline data, at age 13 years, on oral health, the history of orthodontic consultation and interceptive orthodontic care, a dental appearance score (DAI), socio‐demographic characteristics and self and parental perceptions of both dental appearance and need for fixed orthodontic treatment were obtained from 2793 adolescents under the care of the South Australian School Dental Service who had not undergone fixed orthodontic treatment. Data on the orthodontic care provided to these adolescents in the ensuing 2 years were collected. At the end of the 24‐month period 433 adolescents (15.5%) had undergone fixed orthodontic treatment. Significant bivariate associations were found between the provison of fixed orthodontic treatment and the DAI score, sex of the adolescent, familial history of fixed orthodontic treatment, income, private insurance, orthodontic consultation and interceptive orthodontic care before the age of 13 years and self and parental perceptions of both dental appearance and the need for fixed orthodontic treatment. Logistic regression was used to produce a predictive model of fixed orthodontic treatment. The model explained 30.2% of the variance...

Provision of orthodontic care to adolescents in South Australia: the type, the provider and the place of treatment

Allister, J.; Spencer, A.; Brennan, D.
Fonte: AUSTRALIAN DENTAL ASSN INC Publicador: AUSTRALIAN DENTAL ASSN INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1996 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
There are many pathways involving different providers and locations that individuals may take in obtaining, orthodontic services. The aim of this study was to document the provision of orthodontic services and establish the pathways taken toward fixed orthodontic treatment by adolescents in South Australia. Data were collected on the use of orthodontic services by a cohort of adolescents enrolled in the School Dental Service at age 13 years and again at age 15 years. By age 15 years, 83.2 per cent of the adolescents had received orthodontic consultations, 27.3 per cent had received fixed orthodontic treatment and 41.4 per cent had received other forms of orthodontic treatment (extractions, space retainers or removable appliances). The majority of fixed orthodontic treatment was supplied by orthodontists in the private sector, while extractions and removable appliances were provided mainly by public sector general dentists. Most individuals used services in both the public and private sectors and the most frequent pathway taken by the adolescents receiving fixed orthodontic treatment involved consultation in both the public and private sectors, non-fixed orthodontic treatment in the public sector and fixed orthodontic treatment in the private sector. The findings indicate wide access to orthodontic consultation and a high uptake of fixed orthodontic treatment once the adolescent sought private sector orthodontic consultation. Orthodontic care was seen to be an interactive process between public sector general dentists and private sector orthodontists.

Public dental service utilization among adults in South Australia

Luzzi, L.; Spencer, A.
Fonte: Australian Dental Assn Inc Publicador: Australian Dental Assn Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
Background: Longitudinal patterns of public dental service use may reflect access issues to public dental care services. Therefore, patterns of dental service use among South Australian adult public dental patients over a 3½-year period were examined. Methods: Public dental patients (n = 898) initially receiving a course of emergency dental care (EDC) or general dental care (GDC) at baseline were followed for up to 3½ years. Patient clinical records were accessed electronically to obtain information on dental visits and treatment received at those visits. Results: Some 70.7 per cent of EDC and 51.3 per cent of GDC patients returned for dental treatment post-baseline. EDC patients returned within a significantly shorter time period post-baseline, received significantly more courses of care and were visiting more frequently than GDC patients. A greater proportion of EDC patients received oral surgery, restorative, endodontic and prosthodontic services, but fewer received periodontic services. EDC patients received significantly more oral surgery and fewer preventive services per follow-up year, on average, than GDC patients. Large proportions of EDC (52.4 per cent) and GDC (63.8 per cent) patients who returned sought emergency care post-baseline. Conclusions: Patients appeared to be cycling through emergency dental care because of lack of access to general care services...

Malocclusion and orthodontic treatment need measured by the Dental Aesthetic Index and its association with dental caries in Indian schoolchildren

Singh, A.; Purohit, B.; Sequeira, P.; Acharya, S.; Bhat, M.
Fonte: F D I World Dental Press Ltd Publicador: F D I World Dental Press Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.15%
To assess prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs among 12 year old Indians using the Dental Aesthetic Index, and to find its association with dental caries. Method: 927 schoolchildren were randomly selected and their DAI and dentition status scores were recorded as per 1997 World Health Organization criteria. Clinical exams were carried out by one trained and calibrated examiner. The Chi–square test, Z-test and Spearman’s correlation test were carried out. Results: Mean DAI score was 19.2 (sd 6.8). Differences were found between male and female DAI scores (Z≤0.05). 82% of children had DAI scores <26 with no or minor malocclusion requiring no or little treatment, 3.2 % had DAI scores 31-35 with severe malocclusion requiring highly desirable treatment and 1.8% DAI scores >35 with handicapping malocclusion requiring mandatory treatment. A mean DMFT of 1.15 (sd1.62) was recorded. Severe and handicapping malocclusions were associated with dental caries. Conclusions: The distribution of DAI scores among Indian schoolchildren differs from that reported in other populations. Positive correlation was found between severe and handicapping malocclusion with dental caries.; A. Singh, B. Purohit, P. Sequeira, S. Acharya and M. Bhat

Management of fear and anxiety in the dental clinic: a review

Armfield, J.; Heaton, L.
Fonte: Australian Dental Assn Inc Publicador: Australian Dental Assn Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
People who are highly anxious about undergoing dental treatment comprise approximately one in seven of the population and require careful and considerate management by dental practitioners. This paper presents a review of a number of non-pharmacological (behavioural and cognitive) techniques that can be used in the dental clinic or surgery in order to assist anxious individuals obtain needed dental care. Practical advice for managing anxious patients is provided and the evidence base for the various approaches is examined and summarized. The importance of firstly identifying dental fear and then understanding its aetiology, nature and associated components is stressed. Anxiety management techniques range from good communication and establishing rapport to the use of systematic desensitization and hypnosis. Some techniques require specialist training but many others could usefully be adopted for all dental patients, regardless of their known level of dental anxiety. It is concluded that successfully managing dentally fearful individuals is achievable for clinicians but requires a greater level of understanding, good communication and a phased treatment approach. There is an acceptable evidence base for several non-pharmacological anxiety management practices to help augment dental practitioners providing care to anxious or fearful children and adults.; JM Armfield...

Prevalence and treatment demand after traumatic dental injury in South Brazilian schoolchildren

Schuch, H.S.; Goettems, M.L.; Correa, M.B.; Torriani, D.D.; Demarco, F.F.
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the frequency and need for treatment of dental trauma is critical for both planning and establishing dental services and preventive programs. AIM: This cross-sectional study evaluated the prevalence of dental trauma, need for treatment and factors associated with dental visits after an injury. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A multistage sample of children aged 8-12 years, from 20 private and public schools in Pelotas/Southern Brazil, was considered. Socioeconomic information was collected from parents, and data regarding traumatic events were obtained from the children. Clinical examinations were conducted using validated criteria. Descriptive analysis and logistic regression were used to assess the factors associated with search for treatment after injury. RESULTS: A total of 1210 children were included, 153 (12.6%, 95% CI 10.8-14.6) of whom suffered dental trauma, with a total of 175 traumatized teeth. The most frequently observed type of injury was enamel fracture, affecting 129 (73.7%) teeth, of which 107 did not require restorative treatment. A total of 68 (38.8%) teeth required care, of which 24 (13.7%) received treatment. Of the children who recalled the trauma, 39 (36.5%) sought treatment, which was significantly associated with both higher maternal education (OR 2.75; 95% CI 1.18-6.41) and trauma severity (OR 7.71; 95% CI 3.17-18.75). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of traumatic injuries was relatively high in this population. Although most of the traumatized teeth did not require treatment...

Impact of dental care on oral health-related quality of life and treatment goals among elderly adults

Gagliardi, D.; Slade, G.; Sanders, A.
Fonte: Australian Dental Assn Inc Publicador: Australian Dental Assn Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
BACKGROUND: General dental care can effectively control disease and restore damaged tissue, yet little is known about its impact on patients' subjective oral health, namely treatment goals and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). This study aimed to evaluate change in both aspects of subjective oral health among elderly adults receiving publicly-funded, general dental care. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, single-group intervention study of adults aged 75+ years receiving care through the South Australian Dental Service (SADS). Before receiving dental care, subjects completed the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) questionnaire which evaluates OHRQoL. In this questionnaire, subjects rated the extent to which they had attained a self-nominated oral health goal. Dentists provided standard-of-care treatment and six months later the OHIP-14 and goal attainment questions were re-administered. RESULTS: Among the 253 adults studied, overall improvements in OHRQoL were observed (p < 0.05), although the effect was dependent on pre-treatment goal: mean OHIP-14 scores did not change significantly for subjects whose goal was less pain/discomfort while significant improvements were observed for subjects with other treatment goals. In contrast...

Condição dental, periodontal e de higiene de um grupo de mulheres brasileiras com cancer de mama; Dental, periodontal and hygiene condition of a group of brazilian women with breast cancer

Fernanda Raquel Vieira Tojal
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/12/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
Introdução: A saúde bucal de pacientes com câncer pode afetar de modo adverso o curso do seu tratamento, exigindo condutas bem estabelecidas de pré-tratamento bucal, através de avaliações dentárias e estabilização dos problemas bucais. Objetivo: Avaliar a condição de saúde bucal prévia à quimioterapia, em um grupo de mulheres com câncer de mama atendido em hospital da rede pública de Campinas, São Paulo. Sujeitos e métodos: No período de 2005 a 2007, foram realizadas palestras informativas sobre as indicações do tratamento odontológico curativo e preventivo, frente às complicações freqüentes, da quimioterapia. Entre as interessadas que participavam do programa de reabilitação em câncer de mama do Centro de Atenção Integral à Saúde da Mulher da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (CAISM/Unicamp), 43 mulheres foram encaminhadas para o Serviço de Odontologia da instituição e investigadas segundo sua condição dental, periodontal e de higiene bucal, utilizando-se para talo índice de Condição Dental e Necessidade de Tratamento; índice Periodontal Comunitário e índice de Higiene Oral Simplificado. Resultados e discussão: Os problemas bucais foram identificados e as medidas profiláticas realizadas...

Perfil de tratamento de urgência de crianças de 0 a 15 anos atendidas no serviço de urgência odontológica da Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru, Universidade de São Paulo; Urgency treatment profile of 0 to 15 year-old children assisted at urgency dental service from Bauru Dental School, University of São Paulo

Sakai, Vivien Thiemy; Magalhães, Ana Carolina; Pessan, Juliano Pelim; Silva, Salete Moura Bonifácio da; Machado, Maria Aparecida de Andrade Moreira
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2005 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
Prontuários odontológicos de crianças de 0 a 15 anos de idade atendidas no Setor de Urgência Odontológica (SUO) da Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru, Universidade de São Paulo, em 2001 e 2002, foram avaliados a fim de se quantificar o número de pacientes que utilizaram o serviço, determinar os padrões de atendimento e relatar a freqüência de diferentes tipos de emergências odontológicas e dos tratamentos realizados. Os dados foram tabulados e submetidos a uma análise estatística descritiva. Do total de pacientes atendidos no SUO (6020), 1166 (19,37%) eram crianças, com média de idade de 9,24 anos. Lesões traumáticas foram responsáveis por 199 (17,06%) do total de visitas de emergência. Isso ocorreu mais freqüentemente em crianças entre 0 e 3 anos (34,42%), e entre 7 e 12 anos (18,12%). Os principais tratamentos realizados foram restauração temporária (33,33%) para fratura coronária, e orientação (24,44%) para luxação. Eventos não-traumáticos foram responsáveis por 967 (82,92%) do total de diagnósticos de emergência. O diagnóstico mais comumente encontrado foi cárie dentária (61,75%), seguida por problemas de irrupção e reabsorção óssea (14,27%) e lesões em tecido duro ou mole (6,51%), entre outros (17...

Microbial contaminants on dental bib chains with attached clips

Molepo,J; Molaudzi,M; Ralephenya,TRMD
Fonte: South African Dental Journal Publicador: South African Dental Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.08%
INTRODUCTION: Reusable dental bib chains are considered to carry a low risk for transmission of infection, and are therefore simply cleaned and disinfected between patients. There is a paucity of information in South Africa on the potential risk of cross infection. AIM: To investigate the extent of microbial contaminants present on such bib chains, after their use on patients having dental treatment and again after they had been disinfected. METHODS: Tests were conducted on forty-four reusable metal bib chains with attached clips which had been used in patient treatment at the Wits Oral Health Centre. The bacterial contaminants remaining on used, and then later disinfected, bib chains were assessed. Microorganisms were identified using conventional microbiological methods. Data were analyzed using STATA 11 software. RESULTS: A high number (84.1%) of the used bib chains harbored microbial contaminants after dental treatment. Thirty-four percent of the bib chains still carried microbial contaminants after disinfection. Enteric, environmental and skin bacteria were observed. CONCLUSION: The used bib chains in this study carried potentially infectious microorganisms. The disinfection.

Dental Caries status in six-year-old children at Health Promoting Schools in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Reddy,M; Singh,S
Fonte: South African Dental Journal Publicador: South African Dental Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.05%
The 2003 National Children's Oral Health Survey indicated that 35.2% of six-year-olds in KwaZulu-Natal were caries free and only 40% had received dental treatment. The aim of the present study almost ten years later was to investigate these data in six-year-old children at Health Promoting Schools in KwaZulu-Natal. METHODS: A quantitative, epidemiological explorative study was conducted on a sample of 345 Grade 1 learners attending 23 schools, selected by statistical sampling from the eleven districts of KwaZulu-Natal. The World Health Organisation DMFT Tool (1994) was used to record the data RESULTS: The caries rate of the sample was 73% (ie. 27% caries free) and the mean dmft was 3.65. The average dmft per school ranged from a high of 6.8 to a low of 1.1, both from rural districts. 94% of the learners required treatment, the majority (90%) needing preventive care. The Unmet Treatment Need (UTN) was 97% CONCLUSIONS: The number of caries free six year old children in KwaZulu-Natal has declined further compared with ten years ago. Dental caries is still a major public health problem. An effective and efficient oral health promotion programme will do much to instil simple healthy behaviours at an early age.