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A dimensão teórica e metodológica da catalogação de assunto

Martinho, Noemi Oliveira
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 189 f.
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Pós-graduação em Ciência da Informação - FFC; The Subject Cataloging is a process of thematic representation of the information and was developed in the United States from the consolidation of the american librarianship and of the librarian processes that evidenced the need for further development of catalogs, as they asserted themselves as an instrument indispensable to libraries and their user communities. However, despite Brazil having been heavily influenced by American Library, there is little national literature about and so little discussion of historical, conceptual and methodological aspects of Subject Cataloging. Thus, we addressed these aspects through theoretical study and also the work of Charles A. Cutter, fundamental name to the evolution of Cataloging, and the principles proposed in his Rules for a Dictionary Catalog. Thus, we had by objective was to assist in understanding these fundamentals about Subject Cataloging and provide theoretical support that could contribute to reducing the lack of this theme in Portuguese. From this, we outline the history of the Subject Cataloging departing from its broader context...

A prática de jogar videogame como um novo letramento; Featuring the act of playing video games as a new literacy

Gustavo Nogueira de Paula
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/08/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
Este trabalho objetivou caracterizar a prática de jogar videogame como um novo letramento, apontando quais os principais saberes necessários para uma utilização crítica desse meio de comunicação, e delineando uma possível linha para a atuação da escola no intuito de aproximar os letramentos escolares daqueles praticados e apreciados pelos alunos em seu cotidiano. O componente teórico caracteriza o videogame enquanto objeto de pesquisa e tipo de mídia, resumindo as principais pesquisas realizadas sobre o tema até então. Estabelece também parâmetros para uma caracterização da prática de jogar videogames como um letramento específico. Argumenta-se a favor da necessidade de incorporar, na escola, para ação pedagógica consciente por parte dos professores, saberes sobre o videogame e sobre as maneiras como eles são lidos pelos alunos em suas práticas extra-classe em contraste com outros tipos de leitura. Tal argumento é ilustrado por meio de um estudo empírico que visou registrar e analisar os tipos de conhecimento e habilidades acionados por sujeitos jogadores em idade escolar ao utilizarem dois jogos de tipos diferentes que abordavam um mesmo tema de relevância histórica (o 11 de setembro) sobre o qual os sujeitos também obtiveram informações por meio de um texto escrito. O método empregado para a geração dos dados foi um protocolo de pensar alto complementado com entrevistas e questionários. Os resultados mostraram que os sujeitos não foram capazes de compreender o sentido semântico dos jogos...

Serious game em contexto de formação profissional

Mourão, João Vítor Rodrigues
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.4%
O projeto “Serious Game em contexto de formação profissional” teve por objetivo explorar o potencial da utilização de Serious Games nas atividades de formação da PT Inovação SA. O projeto, que decorreu entre Janeiro de 2011 e Maio de 2013, incluiu a conceção, prototipagem e validação de um Serious Game destinado a familiarizar os novos colaboradores da PT Inovação SA com a organização física e lógica da empresa, para o que foi desenvolvido um ambiente realista que permite a navegação em alguns espaços de referência da empresa bem como o contacto com a estrutura dirigente e com alguns produtos. Em diversas fases do jogo o utilizador é convidado a realizar atividades pedagógicas que permite que tome consciência dos progressos de aprendizagem que está a realizar. O Serious Game desenvolvido foi validado com sucesso através de um modelo composto por parâmetros e estratégias de avaliação orientados para análise da usabilidade e do resultados de aprendizagem, tendo-se efectuado recolha de dados através de testes de usabilidade, observação direta não participativa, registo audiovisual, think-aloud protocol e questionário por inquérito pré e pós-sessão. As principais conclusões do trabalho realizado indicam que o Serious Game possui bom potencial enquanto instrumento de apoio à formação...

Serious Game em contexto de Formação Profissional: um estudo de caso; Serious game in a vocational training environment: a case study

Mourão, João; Ramos, Fernando; Moreira, Lúcia; Santos, Arnaldo
Fonte: EDUCOM Publicador: EDUCOM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.4%
O projeto “Serious Game em contexto de formação profissional” teve por objetivo explorar o potencial da utilização de Serious Games nas atividades de formação da PT Inovação SA. O projeto, que decorreu entre Janeiro de 2011 e Maio de 2013, incluiu a conceção, prototipagem e validação de um Serious Game destinado a familiarizar os novos colaboradores da PT Inovação SA com a organização física e lógica da empresa, para o que foi desenvolvido um ambiente realista que permite a navegação em alguns espaços de referência da empresa bem como o contacto com a estrutura dirigente e com alguns produtos. Em diversas fases do jogo o utilizador é convidado a realizar atividades pedagógicas que permitem que tome consciência dos progressos de aprendizagem que está a realizar. O Serious Game desenvolvido foi validado com sucesso através de um modelo composto por parâmetros e estratégias de avaliação orientados para análise da usabilidade e do resultados de aprendizagem, tendo-se efetuado recolha de dados através de testes de usabilidade, observação direta não participativa, registo audiovisual, think-aloud protocol e questionário por inquérito pré e pós-sessão. As principais conclusões do trabalho realizado indicam que o Serious Game possui bom potencial enquanto instrumento de apoio à formação...

Use of verbal protocol analysis for identification of ADE signals

Phansalkar, S; Patel, Vimla L.; JM, Hoffman; JF, Hurdle
Fonte: American Medical Informatics Association Publicador: American Medical Informatics Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.11%
We describe the use of verbal protocol analysis for evaluating the textual signals used by pharmacists for detection of adverse drug events (ADEs). “Think aloud” technique was used to gain insight into how pharmacists reason about ADE occurrence, when reading patient progress notes. We used case-scenarios for five ADEs consisting of information regarding patient history, medications, laboratory results, vital signs and patient progress notes. Pharmacists extensively used information present in the progress notes to make inferences about ADEs.

A Comparison of Usability Evaluation Methods: Heuristic Evaluation versus End-User Think-Aloud Protocol – An Example from a Web-based Communication Tool for Nurse Scheduling

Yen, Po-Yin; Bakken, Suzanne
Fonte: American Medical Informatics Association Publicador: American Medical Informatics Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.7%
We evaluated a web-based communication tool for nurse scheduling using two common usability evaluation methods, heuristic evaluation and end-user think aloud protocol. We found that heuristic evaluation performed by human-computer interaction (HCI) experts revealed more general interface design problems, while end-users’ think-aloud protocols identified more obstacles to task performance. To provide the most effective and thorough evaluation results, a combination of heuristic evaluation and end-user think-aloud protocol is recommended.

A Qualitative Analysis of EHR Clinical Document Synthesis by Clinicians

Farri, Oladimeji; Pieckiewicz, David S.; Rahman, Ahmed S.; Adam, Terrence J.; Pakhomov, Serguei V.; Melton, Genevieve B.
Fonte: American Medical Informatics Association Publicador: American Medical Informatics Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 03/11/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
Clinicians utilize electronic health record (EHR) systems during time-constrained patient encounters where large amounts of clinical text must be synthesized at the point of care. Qualitative methods may be an effective approach for uncovering cognitive processes associated with the synthesis of clinical documents within EHR systems. We utilized a think-aloud protocol and content analysis with the goal of understanding cognitive processes and barriers involved as medical interns synthesized patient clinical documents in an EHR system to accomplish routine clinical tasks. Overall, interns established correlations of significance and meaning between problem, symptom and treatment concepts to inform hypotheses generation and clinical decision-making. Barriers identified with synthesizing EHR documents include difficulty searching for patient data, poor readability, redundancy, and unfamiliar specialized terms. Our study can inform recommendations for future designs of EHR clinical document user interfaces to aid clinicians in providing improved patient care.

Older Adult Experience of Online Diagnosis: Results From a Scenario-Based Think-Aloud Protocol

Luger, Tana M; Houston, Thomas K; Suls, Jerry
Fonte: JMIR Publications Inc. Publicador: JMIR Publications Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 16/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%

Cross-System Evaluation of Clinical Trial Search Engines

Jiang, Silis Y.; Weng, Chunhua
Fonte: American Medical Informatics Association Publicador: American Medical Informatics Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 07/04/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
Clinical trials are fundamental to the advancement of medicine but constantly face recruitment difficulties. Various clinical trial search engines have been designed to help health consumers identify trials for which they may be eligible. Unfortunately, knowledge of the usefulness and usability of their designs remains scarce. In this study, we used mixed methods, including time-motion analysis, think-aloud protocol, and survey, to evaluate five popular clinical trial search engines with 11 users. Differences in user preferences and time spent on each system were observed and correlated with user characteristics. In general, searching for applicable trials using these systems is a cognitively demanding task. Our results show that user perceptions of these systems are multifactorial. The survey indicated eTACTS being the generally preferred system, but this finding did not persist among all mixed methods. This study confirms the value of mixed-methods for a comprehensive system evaluation. Future system designers must be aware that different users groups expect different functionalities.

The Social Perspective Taking Process: Strategies and Sources of Evidence in Taking Another’s Perspective

Gehlbach, Hunter; Brinkworth, Maureen Elizabeth
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.14%
Background/Context: Research indicates that social perspective taking – the capacity to discern the thoughts and feelings of others – plays a role in many important outcomes in schools. Despite the potential benefits for students and educators, little is known about social perspective taking as a process. Purpose/Research Question: If educational researchers are ultimately to design interventions to help improve the perspective taking capacities of those in schools, they need to fully understand the underlying process, i.e., how social perspective taking actually happens. Particularly important is the need to understand: What strategies individuals use and what sources of evidence they draw from when they take the perspective of others? Participants: To investigate this question, a sample of 18 adults from an array of different professions (who were nominated as adept perspective takers) and 13 high school students (who were nominated as struggling with social perspective taking) participated in the study. Research Design: Participants completed in-depth interviews and a think-aloud protocol as part of this mixed-method, exploratory study. The interviews and think-alouds were coded for the type of social perspective taking strategy participants employed and for the sources of evidence they relied on...

Partager le savoir du lexicographe: extraction et modélisation ontologique des savoirs lexicographiques

Comeau, Sophie
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.4%
Cette recherche porte sur la lexicologie, la lexicographie et l’enseignement/apprentissage du lexique. Elle s’inscrit dans le cadre du projet Modélisation ontologique des savoirs lexicographiques en vue de leur application en linguistique appliquée, surnommé Lexitation, qui est, à notre connaissance, la première tentative d’extraction des savoirs lexicographiques — i.e. connaissances déclaratives et procédurales utilisées par des lexicographes — utilisant une méthode expérimentale. Le projet repose sur le constat que les savoirs lexicographiques ont un rôle crucial à jouer en lexicologie, mais aussi en enseignement/apprentissage du lexique. Dans ce mémoire, nous décrirons les méthodes et les résultats de nos premières expérimentations, effectuées à l’aide du Think Aloud Protocol (Ericsson et Simon, 1993). Nous expliquerons l’organisation générale des expérimentations et comment les savoirs lexicographiques extraits sont modélisés pour former une ontologie. Finalement, nous discuterons des applications possibles de nos travaux en enseignement du lexique, plus particulièrement pour la formation des maîtres.; This research is about lexicology, lexicography and vocabulary teaching/learning. It is part of a project called Ontologization of lexicographic abilites for use in the fields of applied linguistics...

Usability Testing at Florida International University Libraries: What We Learned

Hammill, Sarah J
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
The Florida International University Libraries’ Web site’s new look was launched in Fall 2001. As a result of the new look, a group formed to undertake a usability study on the top page of the site. The group tested three target groups to determine the usability of the top page. The study pointed out some revisions for the top page; however, more importantly, it suggested areas for future research.

Distinguishing Between Healthy and Dysfunctional Student Project Teams: An Elusive Instructor Challenge

Modell, Micah Gideon
Fonte: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University Publicador: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University
Tipo: Doctoral Dissertation
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
Thesis (Ph.D.) - Indiana University, Education, 2015; While collaborative projects and student teams are widely praised for their potential contribution to student learning outcomes, they are often frustrating in practice for instructors. Students frequently complain of team dysfunctions and, faced with multiple teams working mostly outside class, instructors often find team observation and assessment to be ambiguous and problematic. As a result, those groups may not receive the support they need to successfully engage with and internalize the content. Complaints and reduced efficacy due to group dysfunction may push instructors to turn away from team projects, forfeiting their students’ opportunity to benefit from the pedagogical value of collaborative learning. As professional life increasingly involves working in groups (Baldwin, Bedell, & Johnson, 1997; Davis & Miller, 1996; Hackman & Woolley, 2004; Stevens & Campion, 1999), this will render them underprepared for their future. This study investigated the extent to which instructors are able to recognize and identify dysfunctional group behaviors and how they approach the task. In the first phase of the study, 75 instructors responded to weekly installments of one of 12 fictional narrative with diagnoses of the group’s behavior. The narratives were designed to represent one of the following: (1) equal participation (2) social loafing or (3) group domination. While some instructors do require reflections from entire groups...

Ethos and senior leader communication : examining responses to a policy change memo

Martin, Sarah E.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 59 p. ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Senior leaders use persuasive messages to achieve a variety of outcomes in the organizations they lead. Previous studies have examined discourse in senior leader messages to draw conclusions about leader communication, but little has been done to explicate the nature of the assumptions and judgments that emerge in both the intent and reception of these messages. This paper examines the relationship between senior leader intent and audience reception of a policy change memo in a large government agency. Using a think-aloud protocol, 24 qualitative interviews were conducted one with the director and 23 with employees from field level through senior management. Rhetorical and thematic analysis of interview transcripts indicated that Aristotle's three components of ethos-good sense, good character, and goodwill emerged as primary themes in both the director's intent behind the memo and in the way that it was received by participants in the study. Findings illustrate the manner in which ethos can operate in senior leader messages. This study concludes that ethos is an important rhetorical appeal in leadership messages and is an important basis of reader judgments. Implications for the relevance of ethos to business communication are discussed.; US Department of the Navy author (civilian)

The will to write: Students' and teachers' perceptions of writing

Nielsen, Sarah McManus
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
This study investigated the perceptions of writing among secondary and post-secondary students and their teachers. The focus was on students' writing philosophy and influences, perceptions of the writing process, and perceptions of student writing skills, high stakes assessment tests, and writing across the curriculum. ^ An ethnographic case study was used to investigate the perceptions of writing among ten students and their English teachers in two high schools, a community college, and a university. To establish balance and ethnic plurality, seven females and three males representing the four large ethnic groups in South Florida—African American, Haitian American, European American and Latino—participated. During one four-month term, data from written samples of students' writing, formal and informal interviews, a student focus group, field notes, classroom observations, and a “think-aloud” protocol were collected. ^ Four themes emerged. First, Florida's writing assessment test has a negative influence on students' perceptions of writing. Students' motivation and attitudes as well as their confidence in their abilities were affected by practice and preparation in “recital writing.” Second, writing is a vehicle of social and personal transformation. Students believed that writing is a mean to connect to others and to create change in schools and communities. Third...

Motivation among reluctant readers: Capturing the goal setting experience in the 'Reading Rocks' program

Sendzik, Samantha
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
This study explored goal setting among children with reading disabilities. Of particular focus was the goal setting experience of participants in a literacy-based program, titled “Reading Rocks”. Reading Rocks, offered by the Learning Disabilities Association of Niagara Region (LDANR), supports children with reading disabilities to become more confident readers. The program aims to strengthen literacy skills among vulnerable readers. Another essential component of the program targets children’s reading motivation through goal setting, a recognized strategy for increasing motivation. I outline the importance of reading, followed by exploring children’s reluctance to read. Goal setting is examined as an opportunity to increase motivation among reluctant readers. My research included a qualitative case study of one child-tutor pair in the program. I utilized a think-aloud protocol, a photo elicitation interview, and researcher observations to collect my data. Lastly, I triangulated the data to analyze how children in Reading Rocks experience goal setting.

A Qualitative Analysis of Power Differentials in Ethical Situations in Academia

Gibson, Carter; Medeiros, Kelsey E.; Giorgini, Vincent; Mecca, Jensen T.; Devenport, Lynn D.; Connelly, Shane; Mumford, Michael D.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.14%
Power and organizational hierarchies are ubiquitous to social institutions that form the foundation of modern society. Power differentials may act to constrain or enhance people's ability to make good ethical decisions. However, little scholarly work has examined perceptions of this important topic. The present effort seeks to address this issue by interviewing academics about hypothetical ethical problems that involve power differences among those involved. Academics discussed what they would do in these scenarios, often drawing on their own experiences. Using a think-aloud protocol, participants were prompted to discuss their reasoning and thinking behind their ethical decisions. These interview data were content analyzed using a semantic analysis program that identified a number of distinct ways that academics think about power differences and abuses in ethical situations. Implications of these findings are discussed.

Protocol analysis of the correspondence of verbal behavior and equivalence class formation.

Wulfert, E; Dougher, M J; Greenway, D E
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/1991 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.11%
In two equivalence experiments, a "think aloud" procedure modeled after Ericsson and Simon's (1980) protocol analysis was implemented to examine subjects' covert verbal responses during matching to sample. The purpose was to identify variables that might explain individual differences in equivalence class formation. The results from Experiment 1 suggested that subjects who formed equivalence classes described the relations among stimuli, whereas those not showing equivalence described sample and comparison stimuli as unitary compounds. Because Experiment 1 only demonstrated a correlation between describing stimulus compounds and the absence of equivalence classes, a second study was conducted. In Experiment 2, equivalence class formation was brought under experimental control through pretraining manipulations that facilitated responding either to stimulus compounds or to relations among stimuli. The results demonstrated that a history of describing stimulus compounds, when compared with describing the relations among the stimuli, interfered with the emergence of stimulus equivalence. These findings clarify individual differences in stimulus equivalence. They also demonstrate the utility of analyzing verbal reports to identify possible variables that can be manipulated experimentally.

Assessment of written performance: tracing raters' decision making process

Bukta, Katalin
Fonte: Universidad de Granada Publicador: Universidad de Granada
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.31%
Written performance assessment is mostly carried out using direct tasks the marking of which involves trained raters. Thus, the final judgement is a result of interplay between the task, the measurement instrument, and the rater. The present study gives an insight into the way raters arrive at a decision. Five Hungarian teachers of German and English took part in rating compositions in a nationwide survey in Hungary. They were asked to produce think-aloud protocols during the rating process, which were later transcribed and analysed. The presented data show the procedure that raters followed in marking the scripts.; La valoraci??n de la expresi??n escrita se realiza mayormente con ejercicios directos cuya evaluaci??n necesita evaluadores entrenados. De esta manera, la decisi??n final refleja la relaci??n entre el ejercicio, el instrumento de medida y el evaluador. El presente estudio permite analizar y conocer el pensamiento de varios evaluadores donde se observa el tipo de decisiones que toman. Cinco profesores hungaros de alem??n e ingl??s evaluaron composiciones en un estudio nacional. Durante la evaluaci??n grabamos lo que ellos pensaban en voz alta, despu??s los datos fueron analizados. Todo el proceso de la evaluaci??n se puede seguir por los datos presentados.

Think aloud: Can eye tracking add value in detecting usability problems?

Paruchuri, Alekhya
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.75%
The protocols of Think Aloud and Eye Tracking, in their own unique way have proven to be great methods to understand users' thought processes, and their mental models when interacting with interfaces. However the effectiveness of the combination of the two protocols in discovering usability problems has not been explored. This study aimed to discover if the addition of Eye Tracking data (fixations and scan movements) to the traditional protocol of Think Aloud can uncover more usability problems. Web users were split into three groups: Eye Tracking Only (ET), Think Aloud Only (TA), and Eye Tracking and Think Aloud Only (ET+TA). Participants in all conditions were asked to complete two tasks on two websites each. Along with questionnaires, eye movement data was collected for conditions with the Eye Tracking aspect and verbalizations were collected for conditions with the Think Aloud aspect. The analysis of the data showed that the total number of usability problems (not unique) identified by the participants in the `Eye Tracking and Think Aloud' (ET + TA) condition was higher than the other two conditions. However, a Tukey HSD post-hoc test revealed that the differences between `ET + TA' and the `Eye Tracking Only' (ET) conditions was non-significant. The analysis also which resulted in non-significant differences between the conditions `Eye Tracking' (ET) and `Eye Tracking and Think Aloud' (ET + TA) led to inconclusive results on whether the Think Aloud method is disruptive or not. This may lead future researchers to develop robust practice sessions to help participants verbalize and create evaluation rules for eye movement data.