Página 1 dos resultados de 16934 itens digitais encontrados em 0.016 segundos

Teacher education in Portugal: analysing changes using ATEE-RDC19 scenario methodology

Sousa, Jesus Maria Angélica Fernandes
Fonte: Association for Teacher Education in Europe Publicador: Association for Teacher Education in Europe
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.56%
This paper presents an overview of the development of teacher education in Portugal since the Revolution of 25 April 1974, which brought the country to democracy. Making use of the scenario model created by the ATEE-RDC19, it is an attempt to make clearer the hidden philosophies underlying the changes that are undertaken and show how teacher education has evolved from a romantic and idealistic social vision towards an ideology dictated by economic and selfish interests.

Supervision and professional development in in-service teacher training regarding sexuality education

Vilaça, Teresa
Fonte: Association for Teacher Education in Europe, ATEE Publicador: Association for Teacher Education in Europe, ATEE
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.61%
This research describes the contributions for teachers’ professional development of two different in-service teacher training modalities, a Workshop and a Training Course, involving, respectively, eight (n=128) and seven (n=130) different classes, whose principal aim was to prepare teachers to carry out action-oriented sexuality education projects in their schools. The content analysis of materials produced during the in-service teacher training, complemented with a semi-structured individual interview, and observation, associated with a focus-group interview were selected as research techniques for the triangulation of data. Principal results showed some differences in teachers’ professional development who attended these different training modalities. A larger number of teachers who attended the Workshop than those involved in the Training Course, developed reflexive actions which led to positive changes in their methodological approaches of sexuality education and increased more student participation. This article concludes by discussing the influence of these results with regards to the selection of the modality of in-service teacher training when personal and professional development is intended.

ATEE Annual Conference 2014 - Transitions in teacher education and professional identities: Proceedings

Leite, Laurinda, org.; Flores, Maria Assunção, org.; Dourado, Luís Gonzaga Pereira, org.; Vilaça, Teresa, org.; Morgado, Sofia, org.
Fonte: ATEE (Association for Teacher Education in Europe), CIEd (Research Centre in Education) Publicador: ATEE (Association for Teacher Education in Europe), CIEd (Research Centre in Education)
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.81%
The University of Minho, Braga, Portugal, was the host for the 2014 Annual Conference of the Association for Teacher Education in Europe (ATEE), which took place in August, from the 25th to the 27th. The Conference focused on Transitions in Teacher Education and Professional Identities looked at the transitions in teacher education and analysed different experiences in professional identity of (student) teachers from an international perspective. Three keywords may be identified: challenges in teaching, dilemmas in teacher education and in teacher educators’ role and current trends that are shaping teacher education in different contexts. Similar dilemmas and even contradictions have been identified in different settings with different modes of government intervention in teacher education in which content, structure and duration are also diverse but with similar features. Another key theme discussed at the Conference was the complexity of the concept of identity and also the contested nature of the transitions: transitions for what? How? Why? These transitions and shifts in teacher education and professional identities need to be examined within the context of current policies but also in the light of the complexities and contradictions of teaching as a profession. Teacher educators are also facing transitions in teacher education curricula but also regarding their own identities. These are complex processes that may include resistance and turbulence because transitions may be troublesome for many reasons. In this regard context and language matter but also the kinds of policies and practices that exist within teacher education. There are questions that remain unanswered. However...

No More Cutting Class? Reducing Teacher Absence and Providing Incentives for Performance

Rogers, F. Halsey; Vegas, Emiliana
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
Expanding and improving basic education in developing countries requires, at a minimum, teachers who are present in the classroom and motivated to teach, but this essential input is often missing. This paper describes the findings of a series of recent World Bank and other studies on teacher absence and incentives for performance. Surprise school visits reveal that teachers are absent at high rates in countries such as India, Indonesia, Uganda, Ecuador, and Zambia, reducing the quality of schooling for children, especially in rural, remote, and poor areas. More broadly, poor teacher management and low levels of teacher accountability afflict many developing-country education systems. The paper presents evidence on these shortcomings, but also on the types of incentives, management, and support structures that can improve motivation and performance and reduce avoidable absenteeism. It concludes with policy options for developing countries to explore as they work to meet Education for All goals and improve quality.

The Economics of Teacher Supply in Indonesia

Chen, Dandan
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
This paper examines the phenomenon of the over-supply of teachers but shortage of qualified teachers in Indonesia. Using a theoretical framework of government-dominated market with government-set wage rate and demand for teachers, the analysis explores how teacher supply, particularly the composition of the teaching force with low or high qualification, would be determined by current and future public policies. Using 2001 to 2008 Indonesian Labor Force Survey data, the paper further estimates the potential effect of the most recent teacher law, which could give college educated teachers a significant pay increase, on the composition of the Indonesian teaching force with differentiated education backgrounds. Using a sample of workers with college education, the author finds that the relative wage rate of teachers and that of alternative occupations significantly influence the decision of college educated workers to become teachers. It is also found that the wage rate set by the most recent teacher law would increase the share of teachers approximately from 16 to 30 percent of the college-educated labor force. This increase that is due to the new government-set wage rate...

Public Participation, Teacher Accountability, and School Outcomes : Findings from Baseline Surveys in Three Indian States

Pandey, Priyanka; Goyal, Sangeeta; Sundararaman, Venkatesh
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
This paper presents findings from baseline surveys on student learning achievement, teacher effort and community participation in three Indian states, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. Results indicate low teacher attendance and poor student learning. Parents and school committees are neither aware of their oversight roles nor participating in school management. However, there is substantial heterogeneity in outcomes across states. Karnataka has better student and teacher outcomes as well as higher levels of community awareness and participation than the other two states. The authors find substantial variation in teacher effort within schools, but most observable teacher characteristics are not associated with teacher effort. One reason for low teacher effort may be lack of accountability. Regression analysis suggests low rates of teacher attendance are only part of the problem of low student achievement. The gains in test scores associated with higher rates of attendance and engagement in teaching are small in the states of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh...

System Approach for Better Education Results (SABER) : What Matters Most in Teacher Policies? A Framework for Building a More Effective Teaching Profession

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.86%
The document is organized as follows. Section one provides an overview of the general approach, main components and objectives of the framework, as well as an explanation of the evidence base that supported its development. Section two focuses on the first component of the framework, and describes the categories that are relevant to produce a comprehensive descriptive account of the teacher policies that are in place in a given education system. Section three, in turn, focuses on policy guidance. It reviews those policies that, based on the available evidence to date, are known to matter most to improve student outcomes. It describes in detail the evidence supporting each of these policies, as well as the ways in which high performing education systems combine them to ensure outstanding student outcomes. The document concludes presenting an account of how the framework is expected to evolve as new evidence on teacher policies becomes available.

Teachers in Anglophone Africa : Issues in Teacher Supply, Training, and Management

Mulkeen, Aidan
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
Based on case studies of education systems and practices in eight English-speaking African countries, the publication closely examines issues of teacher supply, deployment, management and finance. The book suggests that these issues are closely interrelated. Low numbers of qualified teaching graduates may result in teacher shortages; these shortages may make it difficult to deploy teachers effectively. Problems with teacher deployment may result in inefficient utilization of the teachers available, and those teachers effectiveness may be further reduced by weak teacher management and support systems. The book identifies policies and practices that are working on the ground, noting their potential pitfalls and pointing out that policies designed to address one problem may make another problem worse. Teachers in Anglophone Africa offers a useful synthesis of the issues and draws together a series of promising practices, which can serve as positive suggestions for countries seeking to improve their teacher policies.

Incentives and Teacher Effort : Further Evidence from a Developing Country

Dang, Hai-Anh H.; King, Elizabeth M.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
Few would contest that teachers are a very important determinant of whether students learn in school. Yet, in the face of compelling evidence that many students are not learning what they are expected to learn, how to improve teacher performance has been the focus of much policy debate in rich and poor countries. This paper examines how incentives, both pecuniary and non-pecuniary, influence teacher effort. Using school survey data from Lao PDR, it estimates new measures of teacher effort, including the number of hours that teachers spend preparing for classes and teacher provision of private tutoring classes outside class hours. The estimation results indicate that teachers increase effort in response to non-pecuniary incentives, such as greater teacher autonomy over teaching materials, and monitoring mechanism, such as the existence of an active parent-teacher association and the ability of school principals to dismiss teachers. Methodologically, the paper provides a detailed derivation of a simultaneous ordinary least squares-probit model with school random effects that can jointly estimate teacher work hours and tutoring provision.

Cambodia : Teacher Policies

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
Research suggests that teacher quality is the main school-based predictor of student achievement and that several consecutive years of outstanding teaching can offset the learning deficits of disadvantaged students (Hanushek and Rivkin, 2006; Nye et al, 2004; Park and Hannum, 2001; Rivkin et al, 2005; Rockoff, 2004; Sanders, 1998; Sanders and Rivers 1996; and Vignoles et al, 2000). However, it is not yet clear exactly which teacher policies can raise teacher effectiveness (Goldhaber, 2002 and Rivkin et al, 2005). Thus, devising effective policies to improve teaching quality remains a challenge. There is increasing interest across the globe to attract, retain, develop and motivate great teachers. While the World Bank has ample experience in supporting teacher policy reforms in developing countries, until recently there was no systematic effort to offer data and analysis that can provide policy guidance on teacher policies. The focus of the initiative is the design of teacher policies as opposed to their implementation on the ground. A number of complementary activities will be looking at implementation in a sample of countries as this will involve a different methodological approach and will require more financial and human resources.

Teacher Development and Management : Overview of Policy Briefs

Allemano, Eric; Baumgart, Neil; Chapman, David; Craig, Helen; Kraft, Richard; Rawlinson, Ralph; Thornton, Hilary
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.86%
This is an overview of policy briefs on continuous professional development of teachers, from the ealiest years onward.Studies focussed on the early years are: Effective Teachers and Performance Standards, which looks at how formal qualifications of teachers, and other information frequently recorded on a database of teachers, seldom predict effectiveness in raising student achievement. Accreditation of teacher education institutions and programs; Teacher Certification; Teacher Educators and Initial Teacher Education Programs; Teacher Recruitment and Deployment (paper forthcoming). Papers focussed on the years after the initial training are: Induction Programs for Newly Trained Teachers; Continuous Professional Development (CPD); Teacher Support Networks; Teacher Motivation: Incentives and Working Conditions; Teacher Supervision and Monitoring (paper forthcoming); Teacher Collaboration (paper forthcoming); Professional Development Frameworks (paper forthcoming); Role of Unions/Professional Associations to Support Teachers (paper forthcoming). Additonal topics are: HIV and AIDS and Teachers...

International Conference on Use of ICT and ODL in Teacher Education : Bihar, India

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.84%
With Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) transitioning towards the Right To Education (RTE), teacher education institutions and systems need to be fully geared up to meet the demands of pre-service and in-service teacher education and their ongoing professional development. Most states do not have adequate systems to provide the necessary cadres of trained elementary level school teachers. It is thus important to enhance the roles and capacities of teacher education institutions in India to support them to become globally competitive, professionally managed, and futuristically progressive to cater to the needs of huge back logs of untrained teachers. This training is crucial to ensure that children at the elementary levels get quality education in accordance with the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) 2005 and its basic tenets of child centered pedagogy.

Strengthening Teacher Capacity in Bihar through ICT : Designing Innovative Solution to Unique Challenges

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.84%
Within this context, there are significant opportunities to harness Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Open and Distance Learning (ODL) in teacher education, especially to deliver pre-service teacher education. Consequently, the Government of Bihar requested the World Bank to provide support in development of distance education curriculum, related syllabi, content, effective delivery mechanisms, appropriate student support systems, and assessment strategies to meet the needs of its untrained teachers. Many other states and countries are facing similar problems, and will need to prepare comprehensive time-bound plans for untrained teachers to acquire the prescribed qualifications (both academic and professional). Thus, experiences in Bihar might provide models for developing an ICT-based teacher education system that can be used as a useful reference point by others facing similar problems. This report outlines these experiences and shares lessons learned through the process to date.

What Matters Most for Teacher Policies : A Framework Paper

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
Over the past decade, both developed and developing countries have become growingly concerned with how to raise the effectiveness of teachers. The growing focus on the need to strengthen the teaching profession to ensure better education results has encountered the problem that evidence on the policies that raise teaching quality is scattered, incomplete and, in some cases, presents contradictory findings. This paper provides a framework for analyzing teacher policies in education systems around the world in order to support informed education policy decisions. It provides a lens through which governments, World Bank staff, and other interested parties can focus the attention on what the relevant dimensions regarding teacher policies are, what teacher policies seem to matter most to improve student learning, and how to think about prioritization among competing policy options for teacher policy reform. The systems approach for better education results (SABER) - teachers initiative aims to collect, analyze...

Educating the Next Generation : Improving Teacher Quality in Cambodia

Tandon, Prateek; Fukao, Tsuyoshi
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
This book diagnoses Cambodian teaching quality and presents policy options for reform. Through classroom observation, assessments of mathematics and pedagogical content knowledge, and surveys of teachers and school directors, it sheds light on content and instruction, interactions with school directors, instructional support systems, and the implementation of teacher standards. The book investigates the competencies and skills of those attracted to teaching; it assesses the extent to which preservice education in Cambodia is delivering graduates with high content mastery and exposure to a student-centered learning environment; and it examines how teacher performance has been impacted by national incentives, an evaluation system that is disconnected from classroom realities, and the extent to which opportunities to learn and share best-practice lessons with peers exists. Out of the diagnosis follow three policy pillars to reform how teachers are trained, maintained, and motivated. First, the government must make teaching a much more attractive profession. Second...

MENA Regional Synthesis on the Teacher Policies Survey : Key Findings from Phase 1

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.83%
This report summarizes the main findings of the first phase of the regional study on teacher policies which draws heavily from the SABER-Teachers methodological papers and country reports. It presents the methodology of the SABER-Teachers benchmarking exercise; provides a preliminary analysis of the regional trends in teacher policies based on data collection and analytical tools developed by HDNED as well as the country reports produced by the SABER-Teachers team; and discusses the next steps for the regional work on teacher policies.

Tracking Basic Education Expenditure in Yemen : Analyses of Public Resource Management and Teacher Absenteeism

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.83%
Yemen faces significant challenges in expanding access and promoting quality for improved educational outcomes. The study employs both qualitative and quantitative methods to provide recommendations for tracking public expenditure and improving service delivery in the basic education sector in Yemen. To this end, it documents the management of public resources in Yemen's education sector and potential inefficiencies in the use of these resources. This report, through its various components, revealed significant impediments-teacher deployment and salary payment, materials provision, student and teacher attendance, among others-on the path to improving education service delivery in Yemen. This study examines four main research issues related to Yemen's education sector: 1) leakage in the flow of funds, 2) compliance with financial management standards, 3) incentives to provide better quality services, and 4) teacher management issues. The study investigates the disparities and inconsistencies between formal regulations and informal practices in teacher deployment, wage payments, and resource allocations to schools. The study explores how absenteeism correlates with a wide range of potential determinants of the quality of education at the individual...

Learning from the Best : Improving Learning Through Effective Teacher Policies

Vegas, Emiliana; Ganimian, Alejandro; Jaimovich, Analia
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.84%
An education system is only as good as its teachers. Both developed and developing countries have increasingly become concerned with increasing the effectiveness of their teachers. Successful education systems achieve the eight SABER-Teacher teacher policy goals in different ways, but they all produce superior student and teacher performance. The World Bank has studied top-performing systems. These systems are particularly effective at attracting the best individuals to the teaching profession and preparing them exceptionally. Once teachers enter the profession, the system grants them ample discretion to decide how to best achieve superior student performance and focuses on supporting them rather than trying to steer them in any particular direction. Finland provides a good example of this type of system. These systems also place considerable trust in teachers. Such systems are built on the notion that excellent teaching is not the responsibility of a single instructor, but rather, of the profession as a whole. Thus...

Teacher Employment and Deployment in Indonesia : Opportunities for Equity, Efficiency and Quality Improvement

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.86%
The effective management of Indonesia's teaching force is of crucial importance to the development of the country's educational system. The study aimed to investigate the policies and practices governing teacher employment and deployment in primary and junior secondary schools. The major issues investigated included the distribution of teachers, the staffing of remote schools, teachers' workloads, the overall supply of teachers, teacher remuneration and teacher quality. A highly participatory case-study approach was used and included a field survey of 385 schools (276 primaries, 70 junior secondary and 39 senior secondary) in 12 sampled districts/municipalities. In addition, a two-day workshop, involving representatives from all participating districts, was held to analyze the survey results and to determine policy implications.

Cote d'Ivoire : Teacher Policies 2012

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Working Paper
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
Achieving the right teacher policies to ensure that every classroom has a motivated, supported, and competent teacher remains a challenge, because evidence on the impacts of many teacher policies remains insufficient and scattered. Systems approach for better education results (SABER) - teachers, aims to help fill this gap by collecting, analyzing, synthesizing, and disseminating comprehensive information on teacher policies in primary and secondary education systems around the world. SABER - teachers' collects data on ten core teacher policy areas to offer a comprehensive descriptive overview of the teacher policies that are in place in each participating education system. SABER - teachers analyzes the teacher policy data collected to assess each education system s progress in achieving eight teacher policy goals: (1) setting clear expectations for teachers; (2) attracting the best into teaching; (3) preparing teachers with useful training and experience; (4) matching teachers skills with students' needs; (5) leading teachers with strong principals; (6) monitoring teaching and learning; (7) supporting teachers to improve instruction; and (8) motivating teachers to perform. By classifying countries according to their performance on each of the eight teacher policy goals...