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Perspectiva de desenvolvimento da infraestrutura de transportes para escoamento da produção agrícola da região Centro-Oeste do Brasil: um exercício de planejamento estratégico de transportes.; Perspectives for the development of the transport infrastructure for the handling of agricultural products in the Brazil's Midwest: a strategic planning exercise

Stupello, Bruno
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/02/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.31%
Este trabalho realiza um exercício de planejamento estratégico de transportes com foco na infraestrutura de escoamento da produção agrícola da região Centro-Oeste do Brasil. O trabalho parte da compreensão dos fundamentos do planejamento estratégico da infraestrutura de transportes, avalia o pretenso planejamento brasileiro e compreende porque ele não é de fato um planejamento estratégico. A compreensão da multidisciplinaridade dos objetivos do planejamento orienta um tratamento multicritério. A partir da definição de objetivos o autor aplica o método Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) e elenca, através de indicadores, uma ordem de prioridades na execução de um conjunto de obras na região. A partir do exercício simplificado orienta um trabalho de maior envergadura em termos de escopo e metodologia que deveria ser feito para um efetivo planejamento estratégico de infraestrutura de transportes para Brasil.; This study develops an exercise of strategic planning of a transport system for the handling of agricultural products of Brazil's Midwest. The work begins by exploring the concepts underlying the strategic planning of a transport infrastructure. Thereafter, it assesses the document presented by the Brazilian government as the national transport system strategic planning...

Proposta de modelo para priorização de investimentos em infraestrutura de transporte de cargas: abordagem multicritério para problemas de fluxos em rede.; A proposed model for prioritizing investments in freight transport infrastructure: multi-criteria approach for network flow problems.

Kazan, Samir
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/09/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.29%
A relevância da infraestrutura de transporte para incrementos em produtividade, induzindo ao desenvolvimento socioeconômico de determinada região é amplamente reconhecida. O Brasil, no entanto, apresenta sérias deficiências em relação à sua infraestrutura de transporte, oriundas de seu desenvolvimento histórico e da redução de níveis de investimentos públicos no setor nas últimas décadas. Estas deficiências traduzem-se em grande concentração no modal rodoviário para o transporte de cargas, menos eficiente do que os modais ferroviário e hidroviário, resultando em reduzida competitividade das organizações nacionais. Neste contexto, objetivou-se no presente trabalho a proposição de um modelo para avaliação e seleção de investimentos em infraestrutura de transporte de cargas, considerando-se seu caráter multidimensional. Para isso, foi proposta metodologia integrando os conceitos de análise de decisão multicritério e de programação matemática, representados pela teoria de utilidade multiatributo (Multi-Attribute Utility Theory - MAUT) e por problema de otimização de fluxos em rede (Minimum Cost Network Flow Problem - MCNFP), respectivamente. No desenvolvimento do modelo foram contemplados critérios de avaliação referentes às dimensões de análise financeira...

Philippines - Transport for Growth : An Institutional Assessment of Transport Infrastructure

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.56%
Infrastructure needs in the Philippines must be addressed to ensure long term economic growth. After several years of fiscal pressure, the Philippines is now in a position to address these needs. Despite the current international financial situation, the country is now in a position to commit resources to improve transport infrastructure. To this effect, it is necessary to: i) make resource allocation more effective; and ii) improve governance in the coordinating departments and in implementation agencies. The suggested actions that follow address these two fundamental needs within four groups of recommendations. First, focus should be on improving infrastructure quality and service delivery. While the quantity of transport infrastructure in the Philippines in network and facility density compares well with other countries in the region, its capacity and quality does not. Some critical transport costs are higher in the Philippines than in its neighboring and competing countries. Second, the processes for allocating public resources could be improved. With additional public resources available...

Benin : Transport Assessment Note for Roads, Airports, and Port Sectors

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.5%
The purpose of this Economic Sector Work (ESW) is to: (i) provide a framework to help the government analyze transport sector issues and finalize the update of the transport sector strategy; and (ii) identify issues and challenges that can be addressed through donor funded operations. This ESW focuses on roads, air, and port transport. Transport infrastructure and services have a vital role to play in the economic and social development of the country. They were designed to facilitate the distribution and sale of income-generating products, mainly cotton; to promote goods transit towards neighboring countries; and to facilitate trade between towns and rural areas, and ensuring access to social infrastructure and services in the rural area. The formal transport sector contributes approximately seven percent of the gross domestic product (GDP), but its indirect contribution to the creation of added value is much greater.

Improving Institutional Capability and Financial Viability to Sustain Transport : An Evaluation of World Bank Group Support since 2002

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.51%
The services provided by investments in road networks, railways and transit systems, and ports for trade by air and water are important contributors to poverty alleviation and economic growth. Sustained transport investments can support poverty reduction directly, in terms of improving access and thus economic opportunity targeted to the rural poor, and through facilitating broad-based growth. But the impact of infrastructure investments and the services that arise from them can be undermined by poor operations and maintenance. The objective of this evaluation is to assess the effectiveness of Bank group support to countries in sustaining the provision of transport infrastructure and services and to distill lessons on the factors contributing to sustained transport. In the context of this evaluation sustained provision of infrastructure and services is defined as the extent to which the policies, institutional and regulatory framework, sector management capacity, and financial arrangements are in place to ensure that transport infrastructure is operated and maintained...

Design and Appraisal of Rural Transport Infrastructure : Ensuring Basic Access for Rural Communities

Lebo, Jerry; Schelling, Dieter
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
Isolation contributes to rural poverty. Without a minimum of reliable and efficient access to locations of basic social and economic activities, rural life stagnates and local development prospects remain limited. Providing and maintaining a minimum level of access, referred to in this paper as basic access, is therefore a necessary element of any rural development strategy. Overcoming isolation necessitates holistic strategies. Approaches include improved logistics to support trade and communication, the promotion of transport services and intermediaite means of transport, improved quality and location of services, and the sustaianable provision of cost-effective transport infrastrucutre. Among these, the cost-effective design and appraisal of rural transport infrastructure (RTI) is the topic of this paper. A basic access approach to the provision of RTI is presented which gives priority to the provision and maintenance of reliable, all-season access. Basic access interventions are defined as the least-cost investments which provide a minimum level of all-season passability. In a majority of cases...

Carbon Price Efficiency : Lock-in and Path Dependence in Urban Forms and Transport Infrastructure

Avner, Paolo; Rentschler, Jun; Hallegatte, Stéphane
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.5%
This paper investigates the effect of carbon or gasoline taxes on commuting-related CO2 emissions in an urban context. To assess the impact of public transport on the efficiency of the tax, the paper investigates two exogenous scenarios using a dynamic urban model (NEDUM-2D) calibrated for the urban area of Paris: (i) a scenario with the current dense public transport infrastructure, and (ii) a scenario without. It is shown that the price elasticity of CO2 emissions is twice as high in the short run if public transport options exist. Reducing commuting-related emissions thus requires lower (and more acceptable) tax levels in the presence of dense public transportation. If the goal of a carbon or gasoline tax is to change behaviors and reduce energy consumption and CO2 emissions (not to raise revenues), then there is an incentive to increase the price elasticity through complementary policies such as public transport development. The emission elasticity also depends on the baseline scenario and is larger when population growth and income growth are high. In the longer run...

Good Policies and Practices on Rural Transport in Africa : Planning Infrastructure and Services

Hine, John
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.5%
This publication forms part of the work of the Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP) on identifying and promoting good policies and practices in rural transport in Africa. It provides an overall framework for identifying, planning, and prioritizing rural transport infrastructure and services interventions. Inadequate rural transport is a major factor contributing to the poverty of the rural population of most developing countries. For large parts of rural Africa, walking and headloading are by far the most important means of transport, most of this effort being undertaken by women. A key element is to encourage a holistic understanding of rural transport. In the context of this paper, the term covers both transport at the village and farm levels, as well as the transport services and infrastructure involved with the movement of people and goods within the village area and between villages, rural markets, and urban areas. First and foremost, though, the role of planning and prioritization is emphasized; a process based on reliable data is introduced...

Transport Infrastructure and Welfare

Ali, Rubaba; Barra, Alvaro Federico; Berg, Claudia N.; Damania, Richard; Nash, John; Russ, Jason
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.49%
Transport infrastructure is deemed to be central to development and consumes a large fraction of the development assistance envelope. Yet there is debate about the economic impact of road projects. This paper proposes an approach to assess the differential development impacts of alternative road construction and prioritize various proposals, using Nigeria as a case study. Recognizing that there is no perfect measure of economic well-being, a variety of outcome metrics are used, including crop revenue, livestock revenue, non-agricultural income, the probability of being multi-dimensionally poor, and local gross domestic product for Nigeria. Although the measure of transport is the most accurate possible, it is still endogenous because of the nonrandom placement of road infrastructure. This endogeneity is addressed using a seemingly novel instrumental variable termed the natural path: the time it would take to walk along the most logical route connecting two points without taking into account other, bias-causing economic benefits. Further...

Domestic transport infrastructure and firms’ export market participation

Albarrán, Pedro; Carrasco, Raquel; Holl, Adelheid
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Publicado em //2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
Investment in transport infrastructure reduces the cost of distance and enables firms to establish contacts over larger distances. Using data from a panel of Spanish manufacturing firms and geographic information system techniques, this article studies the impact of domestic transport cost reductions on firms’ export market participation, taking into account the role of entry costs and other firm characteristics. We estimate dynamic probability models, controlling for the unobserved heterogeneity of firms and for the simultaneity of firms’ export and location decisions. Our results demonstrate a positive effect of domestic transport infrastructure improvements on small and medium-sized firms’ probability of exporting; Research funding from the Fundación Ramón Areces and DGI, Spanish Ministry of Education, grant no. SEJ2006-05710/ECON, ECO2009- 11165, SEJ2007-63098 and SEJ2006-08063 is gratefully acknowledged.

Philippine Transport Infrastructure Development Roadmap Framework Plan; Executive Summary

Cambridge Systematics
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.52%
Various transport-related agencies and local governments develop their respective transport plans or strategies to address bottlenecks and improve outcomes in the transport sector. However, to be able to bring a more focused or targeted intervention that is more inclusive, these various strategies need to focus on establishing interconnectivity between key urban growth centers and between lagging and fast-growing regions, and creating supporting institutions that promote greater integration. Upon the request of the National Economic and Development Authority, a framework plan was developed to provide policy-makers with a strategic framework to help identify the transport needs of the Philippines and guide in implementing an integrated, more coordinated approach to establishing stronger transport infrastructure linkages to support the country’s inclusive growth agenda. The framework plan was developed under the guidance of a vision and goals developed by stakeholders across the Philippines. This comprehensive vision can be summarized as ‘Bringing us all closer together for prosperity.’ The geographic focus of the Framework Plan includes all of the Philippines outside of Metro Manila. This Framework Plan does not replicate the work being done by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for Metro Manila (the JICA study covers Metro Manila with an approximate radius of 100 kilometers and is being conducted to evaluate specific transport infrastructure projects for the Metro Manila area). Future improvements and needs of transportation infrastructure to meet the demand for long-distance transport to and from Metro Manila and to other urban/economic centers in the Philippines are considered; nevertheless...

Turkey - Transport Sector Expenditure Review : Synthesis Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.52%
Turkey is an upper-middle income country with a population of 73 million. It has a diversified economy with a strategic geographical position, located on the southeastern side of Europe and southwestern side of Asia. Continued economic growth, combined with increases in the urban population, will place increasing demands on Turkey's transport infrastructure. High middle income countries such as Turkey typically see very rapid increases in demand for transport services for several decades. Consequently public expenditures on transport sector have increased substantially in Turkey in recent years. Public expenditures on transport have almost doubled from 1.06 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2004 to 1.92 percent in 2010, and the transport sector accounted for the bulk of the increase in total public investments over this period. Turkey's transport sector has been growing both in terms of its size and the quality of the network, and currently compares well with similar middle income countries. However...

Brazil - Improving the Appraisal Framework for Road Transport Infrastructure Investments : Elements for Consideration; Brasil - Aprimoramento do marco de avaliacao de investimentos em infra-estrutura de transportes rodoviarios : elementos a serem considerados

Véron, Adrien
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.47%
The main purpose of an appraisal framework for transport infrastructure projects and programs is to provide an objective and transparent basis for decision-makers to ascertain the feasibility and levels of priority of major transport projects and policies. An appraisal framework also serves a second, more general, purpose: to contribute to upgrading internal management processes aimed at improving the quality of expenditure. An adequate appraisal framework needs to: 1) strike a balance between an objective economic evaluation and a broader multi-criteria evaluation; and 2) provide clear methodologies and norms to guide appraisers, and ensure comparability among project appraisals, when time comes to prioritize the projects. To ensure that an appraisal framework can deliver on the two above-mentioned purposes, it is important to raise public awareness as to the basic principles and objectives of appraisals, and to structure public sector capacity to undertake or lead, as well as review appraisals, to ensure that they are reliable and of adequate quality. Appraisal frameworks are at different stages of development in different countries...

Poland Transport Policy Note : Toward a Sustainable Land Transport Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.53%
This Policy Note addresses strategic issues facing Poland s transport sector. Despite recent growth and integration within the European Union (EU), the overall quality and efficiency of transport infrastructure and services is still poor. About 40 percent of the national roads network, which carries the largest volume of people and goods among all transport modes, is in poor or unsatisfactory condition. The government and freight-logistics industry recognize the railway sector's low efficiency but not much has been achieved since the 2001 restructuring that separated the infrastructure company and operators. Low staff productivity - more than 40,000 employees managing 17,000 km of track - and almost no investment in signaling and IT systems modernization are still major constraints with important long-term consequences, affecting current railway performance. The scope of the Note is on land transport, mainly on national roads and railways with a priority on strategic issues requiring immediate actions. The Note addresses issues specific to single modes and those requiring policy-making coordination. The current chapter sets the study context and helps to understand better the drivers for the current state of the sector and policy orientation. This chapter explains the note s focus and its organization. Chapter 2 reviews the national road network with a focus on infrastructure efficiency and sustainability. Chapter 3 covers the railway sector with an emphasis on the various entities of the PKP Group and how the sector competes with roads. Chapter 4 addresses road safety in Poland with the human and economic costs of current situation. Chapter 5 looks at land transport emissions and derives most of its conclusions from a recent study on GHG emissions in Poland s transport sector. Chapter 6 reviews the current policy path and offers three alternative policy options. The direct and indirect impact of implementing each policy options is assessed and compared to the current situation with a focus on medium-term (2020) sustainability.

Fostering the Development of Greenfield Mining-related Transport Infrastructure through Project Financing

International Finance Corporation; Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Working Paper
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.54%
The purpose of this study is to serve as a guide on developing Greenfield transport infrastructure (rail and port) primarily used to support mining operations ('mining-related infrastructure'), through Public-Private Partnership (PPP) schemes and on a project finance basis. The focus is on key financing issues and considerations, as well as recommendations for governments and private-sector participants, specifically in the context of sub-Saharan Africa and similar regions. Over the past decade, the rapid economic growth in newly industrialized markets has fueled a strong demand for various commodities (such as iron, coal, bauxite and copper), with significant impact on their prices. The last ten years have seen an unprecedented rise in the price of mineral commodities worldwide. From the mid-2000s through the early 2010s, the world's largest mining companies embarked in the planning of numerous and often very large mining projects to satisfy what was seen as an ever growing double digit demand for minerals (iron ore...

Privatization and Regulation of Transport Infrastructure : Guidelines for Policymakers and Regulators; Privatizacion y regulacion de infraestructuras de transporte : una guia para reguladores

Estache, Antonio; De Rus, Gines
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.36%
The 1990s saw a dramatic increase in the liberalization of transport policies and a strengthening of the role played by private operators and investors in transport infrastructure. Most of these reforming countries are creating new regulatory agencies. This book aims is to contribute to the development of these regulatory skills. The book has two parts. Chapter 2 in the first part provides an overview of why economic regulation is important. It provides theoretical support to the sector-specific chapters that constitute the second part of the book. The second part covers four subsectors: airports, ports, railways, and roads. Each chapter follows exactly the same structure. The first section provides snapshot of the key economic characteristics of the sector and discusses their relevance from the viewpoint of a regulator. The second section summarizes the main privatization and regulation trends that have been observed in the sector. It gives an overview of main options offered by international experience and covers a few case studies that illustrate those options. The third section covers price regulation and highlights the price-related issues that characterize the sector. The fourth section does the same for quality regulation. The fifth section discusses the main performance indicators that the sector's regulators should be able to rely on to be effective in their jobs.

Public Investment Management in the New EU Member States : Strengthening Planning and Implementation of Transport Infrastructure Investments

Laursen, Thomas; Myers, Bernard
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.51%
The primary purposes of this study were two-fold: i) to identify some of the key issues and challenges being faced by New Member States (NMS) in the management of their public investment programs; and ii) to identify good practice examples and persistent challenges faced by European Union (EU) member states that have had a longer history of development under democratic institutions of public management. By necessity this study is limited in the number of country cases and the depth at which various issues are addressed. Four NMS were selected - Poland, Slovenia, Latvia, and Slovakia based on agreed willingness to participate. The three 'old member states' were the UK, Ireland, and Spain (selected based on Bank interest and availability of expert consultants). In all of the countries, the focus was on central government policies and practices even though some execute projects through regional governments as well. The scope of the study was limited strictly to transport infrastructure (roads, bridges, and railways)...

Mozambique’s Infrastructure : A Continental Perspective

Dominguez-Torres, Carolina; Briceno-Garmendia, Cecilia
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.51%
In the last 10 years, Mozambique's economy has grown steadily at an impressive rate of 7.7 percent per year, driven by the service sector, light industry, and agriculture. This pace is expected to continue or even increase with the massive influx of already-planned investment on the order of $15-20 billion. Mozambique's infrastructure is well developed in some sectors, including its east-west transport infrastructure, power grid, and water and sanitation networks. But the nation still faces critical challenges in these and other areas, including developing north-south transport connections, properly managing the water system, and expanding hydroelectric generation to meet potential. Mozambique spent about $664 million per year on infrastructure during the late 2000s, with as much as $204 million lost annually to inefficiencies. Comparing spending needs with existing spending and potential efficiency gains leaves an annual funding gap of $822 million per year. Mozambique could reduce inefficiency losses by positioning itself as a key power exporter. The country could reach infrastructure targets in 20 years through a combination of increased finance...

Where Do We Stand on Transport Infrastructure Deregulation and Public-Private Partnership?

Estache, Antonio; Serebrisky, Tomás
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, D.C. Publicador: World Bank, Washington, D.C.
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
The evolution of transport public-private partnerships (PPPs) in developing and developed countries since the early 1990s seems to be following a similar path: private initiatives work for a while but after a shock to the sector takes place the public sector returns as regulator, owner or financier; after a while the public sector runs into problems and eventually finds a hybrid solution to ensure the survival of the sector. This paper reviews the effectiveness of transport infrastructure deregulation from three angles: efficiency, fiscal and users' viewpoint. The paper emphasizes the difficulties and strong political commitments required to make the reforms sustainable and argues that governments willing to make corrections to the reform path are faced with the need to address recurrent and emerging issues in transport systems: tariff structure, quality (timetable, safety, environment), access rules for captive shippers, the trend toward rebundling and decrease in intrasectoral competition, multimodalism and the stimulus through yardstick competition.

Road Transport Infrastructure and Manufacturing Location: An Empirical Evidence and Comparative Study between Tijuana and Nuevo Laredo, Mexico

Obregón-Biosca,Saúl; Chávez-Usla,José Manuel; Betanzo-Quezada,Eduardo
Fonte: El Colegio de la Frontera Norte Publicador: El Colegio de la Frontera Norte
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
Transport infrastructure influences the location of manufacturing firms in that sense, this paper compares the influence of accessibility to ports for export and the location of manufacturing firms in two municipalities in the northern Mexico border. The tools used include the management of a geographic information system and micro-level data of the industrial parks of each municipality. Statistical analysis was based on the application of Poisson models to estimate the sets placement options. The results show that accessibility and market size have greater significance in the location of firms in both cities.