Página 1 dos resultados de 19 itens digitais encontrados em 0.012 segundos

Arab Republic of Egypt : Detailed Assessment Report on Anti-Money Laundering and Combatting the Financing of Terrorism

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
This assessment of the anti-money laundering (AML) and combating the financing of terrorism (CFT) regime of the Arab Republic of Egypt (Egypt) is based on the Forty Recommendations 2003 and the Nine Special Recommendations on Terrorist Financing 2001 of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), andwas prepared using the AML/CFT assessment Methodology 2004, as updated in February 2008. The assessment team considered all the materials supplied by the authorities, the information obtained on site during their mission from 12 to 26 October 2008, and other verifiable information subsequently provided by the authorities. During the mission, the assessment team met with officials and representatives of all relevant government agencies and the private sector. A list of the bodies met is set out in Annex 1 to the detailed assessment report. The assessment was conducted by a team of assessors composed of staff of the World Bank and two experts acting under the supervision of the World Bank. The evaluation team consisted of: Latifah Merican Cheong (Team leader); Cedric Mousset (co-team leader and financial expert)...

Kosovo : Poverty Assessment, Volume 1. Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.81%
As Kosovo goes beyond the emergency relief phase, taking into consideration the situation of those that the conflict has left behind is vital to the effectiveness of any strategy for economic development. The study is designed to inform the current policy debate in the area of poverty alleviation, and social service delivery, and to include these in the Joint Interim Administrative Structure (JIAS), the World Bank, and other donors perspectives. Within the definition of poverty as a multidimensional force that extends beyond low levels of income, the report covers a wide range of issues, including consumption, income, education, health, and social protection. It is predominantly based on data from the Living Standard Measurement Survey, statistically representative of both the Albanian, and Serb population, though not of other ethnic groups. The study comprises two volumes, the first one reviews background information, and data to examine the extent of poverty in Kosovo, the role of food aid, and identifies the correlates of extreme poverty. Poverty is analyzed versus income sources...

Kosovo : Poverty Assessment, Volume 2

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.81%
As Kosovo goes beyond the emergency relief phase, taking into consideration the situation of those that the conflict has left behind is vital to the effectiveness of any strategy for economic development. The study is designed to inform the current policy debate in the area of poverty alleviation, and social service delivery, and to include these in the Joint Interim Administrative Structure (JIAS), the World Bank, and other donors perspectives. Within the definition of poverty as a multidimensional force that extends beyond low levels of income, the report covers a wide range of issues, including consumption, income, education, health, and social protection. It is predominantly based on data from the Living Standard Measurement Survey, statistically representative of both the Albanian, and Serb population, though not of other ethnic groups. The study comprises two volumes, the first one reviews background information, and data to examine the extent of poverty in Kosovo, the role of food aid, and identifies the correlates of extreme poverty. Poverty is analyzed versus income sources...

Romania : Local Social Services Delivery Study, Volume 2. Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.73%
The study seeks to identify institutional, and procedural factors which may facilitate, or hamper the effectiveness of social services, and inter-governmental fiscal arrangements. Based on existing research on decentralization, the success of decentralized service delivery depends on factors, that include the quality of intergovernmental institutions, a stable fiscal framework, and a well established civil society, and social structure. The study focuses on public social services, where local governments play the greatest role, and, throughout the report, the greatest emphasis is on social assistance benefits, and services, addressing those cash benefits which are delivered, and financed by local governments, including national programs such as birth grants, emergency assistance, and the main poverty alleviation program. In education, the study focuses on compulsory, and secondary education, though it does not address specialized secondary education, which is under the purview of central ministries. The study comprises two volumes: volume 1 provides an overview of the issues...

Georgia : Poverty Update

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.79%
This povert y update finds the following: Between 1997 and 2000, poverty has increased unambiguously, for a full set of poverty lines and definitions of poverty measures. Poverty has increased because over the period, consumption fell and inequality rose. Living standards have not risen despite growth in Gross Domestic Product because growth was too weak, too concentrated in a narrow set of sectors, and there were no effective mechanisms to redistribute its benefits. The 1998-99 crisis hit those who were benefiting from the period of growth--the self-employed and private sector workers. But the worse impact of the crisis was on the most vulnerable, and particularly on children. the depth and severity of poverty have increased, and the most socially vulnerable have become poorer and more deprived. it is not clear what the government did to prevent the worsening of poverty; on the one hand, the government created adequate foundations for a market economy, enabling private sector growth, and on the other hand...

Together We Stand, Divided We Fall : Levels and Determinants of Social Capital in Argentina

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.8%
The study looks at recent analytical work concerning social issues in Argentina, which suggest both inequality, and unemployment are worsening, aggravated by pessimism and despair - partly shaped by a recession of almost three years - as well as by the inadequacy of public institutions. This study examines the case of Argentina, and draws on its existing social capital as an immediate strategy, and an investment for the future, to assess the role social capital can play within its context. The study finds that aggregate levels of social capital in Argentina are low, outlining that while the social capital of the poor in the country, may enable protection among themselves in times of hardship, it does not help them get ahead in the long-term. Civic associations have proved vulnerable to deep changes in the local social, economic, and political landscape, seemingly due to a historic heritage of authoritarian relations with the state. Thus, the study attempts to promote a dialogue among national actors, and policy makers on the implications of the determinants of social participation...

Armenia : Poverty Update

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.77%
The report updates the poverty situation in Armenia, largely based on the Integrated Living Conditions Survey conducted during 1998-99, and provides as well, the foundation for the preparation of the Poverty Reduction Strategy. The poverty profile identifies a widespread, and still deep poverty incidence, but while this poverty seems persistent, its depth and severity may be decreasing, and extreme poverty subsiding. Notwithstanding the fact that estimates point to a stabilization of the poverty profile, there are identified population groups facing particularly high poverty risk, i.e., very young children and the elderly, unemployed and adults not participating in the labor market, and people residing in high altitude and earthquake regions. Factors behind the persistence of poverty in Armenia are: low income and high inequality in its distribution; growth which did not generate sufficient employment opportunities; and, the impact of the Russian crisis during the period under review. Recommendations call for the implementation of regular integrated household surveys (quarterly)...

Republic of Yemen : Poverty Update, Volume 1. Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.73%
Based on the analysis of the household budget survey, the report identifies a nationally widespread poverty, pervasive in rural areas, concentrated in four governorates. The factors that affect the risk of being poor in Yemen are lack of education, large households that include several children, geographical location that prevents access to income generation, and, lack of worker remittances from abroad. In addition, while public expenditures in social sectors (education and health), are mildly pro-poor, they do not address the magnitude of rural-urban, and gender gaps, and, by and large, social programs are urban biased, mostly benefiting the better-off. Incidentally, the benefit-incidence analysis of the safety nets, show that coverage is extremely limited, and that short-term downturns, and poverty vulnerabilities fail to be addressed. Most importantly, the report outlines that although programs under the second phase of the Social Development Fund are pro-poor, the inter-governorate distribution of both the Public Work Programs...

Kingdom of Morocco : Social Protection Note

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.77%
This note on social protection has as its objective establishing an exhaustive analysis/diagnosis of the existing social protection framework and of preparing an integrated approach through developing better social protection priorities and plans of actions. It a) identifies the social risks which the Moroccan people face generally; b) examines current social protection initiatives (public, private, and civil society-sponsored) set up to reduce poverty and the vulnerability of the population to shocks to their income and standard of living in both rural and urban environments; and c) identifies the different elements needed for an effective social protection strategy as well as analyzes the current strategies undertaken by the World Bank and other donors. This study is precipitated by numerous sectoral studies done previously. It completes the last "Poverty Update" (report no. 21506) and the last Country Assistance Strategy for Morocco (report no. 22115).

Private Sector Assessment for Health, Nutrition and Population in Bangladesh

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.77%
The objectives of this Private Sector Assessment (PSA) are to gain a better understanding of the private health care markets in Bangladesh, and to identify areas for increased collaboration between the government, and the private sector. While the study analyzes private health care markets in general, it uses maternal and child health (MCH) as an area of special focus to illustrate general principles, and/or draw lessons for the broader health, nutrition, and population (HNP) sector. MCH was chosen for this emphasis in view of its importance in Bangladesh, and because MCH outcomes constitute a significant part of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). The PSA analysis confirmed that the private sector dominates the provision of basic care, nursing homes, laboratory and ambulatory diagnostic services; the public sector, however, remains the main provider of inpatient care. The private sector is used for the overwhelming majority of outpatient curative care, while the public sector is used for a larger proportion of hospital deliveries...

Benin : Poverty Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Poverty Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.8%
The main purpose of this Poverty Assessment is to complement the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). It aims at providing the Government with a more solid base on which to shape a poverty reduction strategy. To do so it focuses on analyzing the areas left open by the PRSP, which have mostly to do with the lack of reliable and detailed information on the characteristics, incidence and dynamics of poverty today. A household survey (the CWIQ) was conducted in early 2003 to obtain quantitative data that provide a basis for up to date estimates. At the same time, a qualitative study based on participatory fieldwork provided insight into the perceptions of the poor themselves as well as a deeper understanding of the phenomenon. The report is organized in five chapters (excluding the overview): Chapter 2 looks at poverty mostly from a macro- economic perspective. I t first focuses on the recent (1987-2000) economic growth of the country, pointing at the main factors that may explain the performance of Benin's economy. It then looks at the national data available on poverty (in terms of consumption levels and assets) and at inequality. The chapter concludes with simulations of the impact of economic growth on poverty reduction...

Bulgaria : Poverty Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.83%
The sharp reduction in poverty in Bulgaria since the 1997 crisis highlights the role of effective economic stabilization policies and the social safety nets in improving the living conditions of the population. The nature of poverty in Bulgaria has changed since 1997, when poverty for many households was a transient phenomenon resulting from the immediate shock of hyperinflation and sharply increasing unemployment. Poverty in 2001 is more entrenched, concentrated among clearly defined groups. Most strikingly, poverty is highest among ethnic minorities, which comprise 60 percent of the poor. Roma are overrepresented among this group. this trend highlights the need for Bulgaria's poverty reduction strategy to focus on measures to address inclusion of ethnic minorities within society. Despite the improvements since 1997, there are indications of underlying fault lines which threaten the trend of rising living standards. In particular, if the high level of unemployment is maintained, or continued to increase...

Burkina Faso : Risk and Vulnerability Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Risk and Vulnerability Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.9%
To support the Government's efforts to design effective poverty reduction strategies and interventions, the Bank undertook this Risk and Vulnerability Assessment. Within the framework of social risk management, this report aims to 1) better understand the poverty trends and implications for the poor's vulnerability, as revealed from a quantitative analysis of the priority surveys for 1994 and 1998; 2) supplement the quantitative analysis of poverty and vulnerability with a participatory pilot survey in four villages, in order to identify the key economic and social risks and coping strategies of the poor and vulnerable (particularly women) at the village level, drawing on people's perception of risks and vulnerability; 3) to the extent data permitted, to review the present safety net programs and assess the extent to which they are designed to address the main risks experienced by poor people, the adequacy of such publicly-funded response mechanisms, and identify gaps and/or suggest improvements in the present programmatic interventions; and 4) based on the quantitative and qualitative work...

Uzbekistan - Living Standards Assessment : Policies to Improve Living Standards, Volume 1. Summary Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Poverty Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.73%
Since independence, Uzbekistan has followed a distinct economic strategy, entailing gradual transformation of the economy, while emphasizing social stability. The "Uzbek Model" of development has focused on developing industrial and manufacturing capacity in a predominantly agricultural economy, using direct and substantial state guidance. An important objective of the strategy has been to raise living standards and expand employment opportunities, while protecting vulnerable groups against abject poverty. Has this approach alleviated the problems of poverty inherited by the country? This report provides the first national level picture of living standards in Uzbekistan since independence. It has three main goals: (i) to examine the current status of living standards in Uzbekistan (ii) to identify key challenges and constraints to improving living standards, and (iii) to suggest priority policy actions that are needed for broad based improvements in living standards in the country. The report was prepared in close collaboration with a working group from the Government of Uzbekistan...

Uzbekistan - Living Standards Assessment : Policies to Improve Living Standards, Volume 2. Full Report

World Bank
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Poverty Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.73%
Since independence, Uzbekistan has followed a distinct economic strategy, entailing gradual transformation of the economy, while emphasizing social stability. The "Uzbek Model" of development has focused on developing industrial and manufacturing capacity in a predominantly agricultural economy, using direct and substantial state guidance. An important objective of the strategy has been to raise living standards and expand employment opportunities, while protecting vulnerable groups against abject poverty. Has this approach alleviated the problems of poverty inherited by the country? This report provides the first national level picture of living standards in Uzbekistan since independence. It has three main goals: (i) to examine the current status of living standards in Uzbekistan (ii) to identify key challenges and constraints to improving living standards, and (iii) to suggest priority policy actions that are needed for broad based improvements in living standards in the country. The report was prepared in close collaboration with a working group from the Government of Uzbekistan...

Agriculture in Nicaragua : Promoting Competitiveness and Stimulating Broad-Based Growth; Agricultura en Nicaragua - promoviendo la competitividad y estimulando el crecimiento de base amplia

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
SPANISH,ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.79%
The report reviews basic growth, as being one of four pillars for Nicaragua's poverty reduction strategy. The well-being of the rural poor will continue its dependence on - to a great extent - agriculture. The study analyzes main agricultural development aspects, and stipulates the broad basic growth may be enhanced by strengthening agricultural competitiveness. Yet, export growth is key to economic growth, and requires immediate actions within coherent strategies, illustrated through the case of coffee within the proposed strategy. The report also identifies market forces regarding productivity restrictions of the rural sector, and suggests medium- and long-term solutions. Finally, the report addresses risk management, including a description of some promising, pilot projects.

Kosovo : Poverty Assessment, Promoting Opportunity, Security, and Participation for All; Procena Siromastva Na kosovu - Unapredjivanje mogucnosti , bezbednosti ucestvovanja za sve Vleresimi i varferisene Kosove - promovim i mundesise, sigurise, dhe pjesemarrjes per te gjithe

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Poverty Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.77%
Despite considerable progress with reconstruction in Kosovo, the challenge of poverty reduction remains enormous for years to come. The recent growth performance has been driven by a post-conflict boom financed by official development aid flows, but has not led to significant job creation opportunities, and its sustainability is unlikely without a clarification of Kosovo's political status, and the maintenance of peace and security. While recent growth (and consumption inequality) have most likely led to a reduction in poverty (between 2000 and 2003), yet, some 37 percent of the population is estimated to live in poverty according to the 2002/03 Household Budget Survey (HBS) data. The report seeks to contribute to the on-going policy dialogue on poverty reduction in Kosovo, and to support the formulation of public policy. The report outlines the many dimensions of poverty in Kosovo, where income poverty appears widespread, and is found to affect disproportionately children, the elderly, female headed households, the disabled, non-Serb ethnic minorities, the unemployed, and precarious job holders. Unemployment is in direct correlation with income poverty, but, while educational and health outcomes are still low, social cohesion is fragile...

Malaysia Public Expenditures : Managing the Crisis; Challenging the Future

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.79%
Malaysia achieved unprecedented economic growth and dramatic poverty reduction in the two decades prior to 1997. As a result, pressure on public expenditures was alleviated and when the regional financial crisis hit in 1997, the budget was in surplus and public debt had fallen to around 30 percent in GDP. But the crisis brought to the fore issues in public expenditure management that might have remained of less significance in a fast-growing economy: large and increasing off-budget liabilities that could undermine fiscal prudence, accountability, and efficiency in the use of public resources. The government is rethinking its role in tertiary education, tertiary health care, social protection against income risk, and infrastructure. In these areas, there is a potential role for the private sector in provision and financing, and the government's role is gradually shifting from being a provider of these services to a financial supporter and a regulator. In this evolving public-private partnership, the goal of the government is to reduce the fiscal burden while ensuring equity in delivering public services and efficiency in allocating and using public resources. This public expenditure analysis aims to analyze fiscal issues arising from the crisis...

Social Assessment in Tajikistan Brings Rural Realities to Urban Decisionmakers

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.88%
A social assessment was done during the preparation of Tajikistan's Pilot Poverty Alleviation Project to answer several key questions: What are the poor people's priority needs and wants? Why are they poor? What are their own strategies for improving their lives? And how can they be helped to improve their circumstances? By answering these questions, the social assessment helped the project team incorporate poor people's priorities for poverty alleviation, identify nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) whose scaled-up programs would form part of the project, understand and address risks to project success, build local capacity to carry out participatory research, and influence the national dialogue on poverty and the potential role of small-scale, participatory microprojects for poverty alleviation. The Pilot Poverty Alleviation Project is designed to improve poor people's lives by scaling-up international NGO programs and financing small, participatory microprojects through the recently established Tajikistan Social Investment Fund.