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The Role of Agriculture in a Changing World. Vulnerability and Sustainability of Rural Poor Households in Makrugbeh, Northern Sierra Leone

Obermaier, Svea
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: Masterarbeit
Relevância na Pesquisa
This thesis is giving insight to the complex human-environmental linkages of global change. In order not to exceed the earth’s carrying capacity, a paradigm shift towards global sustainable development is inevitable. One key element of global change is land and the way how it is being used. Most important way of land-use is arable farming, mainly for food production. Agriculture stands in reciprocal relation with climate change: On the one hand, agricultural performance and hence food security is highly dependent on climatic conditions. On the other hand, the sectors agriculture and forestry are contributing with roughly 30 percent to the global greenhouse effect. Rural poor households highly depend on agricultural production to sustain their livelihoods. They make up one of the most vulnerable groups with regard to climate change and food insecurity. Vulnerability in this context is defined as combination of baseline vulnerability, risk exposure and coping and adaptation capacity. The sustainability of a farming system highly correlates with its vulnerability to climate change and food insecurity. Thus, locally adapted sustainable agriculture is the key for reducing these vulnerabilities. In Makrugbeh, a small village in Northern Sierra Leone...