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Dinâmicas dos modos de vida e  saúde ambiental no campo: os projetos de desenvolvimento sustentável em assentamentos rurais no Estado de São Paulo.; Dynamics of the livelihoods and environmental health in rural areas: sustainable development projects in rural settlements of São Paulo State.

Alves Filho, José Prado
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/06/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
No Brasil, o contexto de algumas iniciativas voltadas ao desenvolvimento rural sustentável se mostra dissociado de um olhar sobre a saúde pública. A provável invisibilidade das inter-relações envolvendo as formas de intervenção nos ambientes naturais, os processos produtivos, a organização social e as questões de saúde, pode ser parte da explicação a ausência de uma visão integral. Objetivo - compreender como são percebidas as inter-relações entre os aspectos de saúde ambiental e os modos de vida, por parte de populações de assentados rurais que constituem alvo de políticas públicas inspiradas em princípios baseados no conceito de desenvolvimento sustentável. Método - Pesquisa qualitativa, baseada em estudo de caso explanatório e descritivo, abordando os Projetos de Desenvolvimento Sustentável em assentamentos rurais das regiões central e nordeste do Estado de São Paulo e desenvolvida mediante: a) oficinas de trabalho com atores, envolvendo os participantes dos projetos de assentamentos, discutindo aspectos sobre saneamento básico, manejo de resíduos e uso de agrotóxicos, dentre outros aspectos envolvendo a saúde ambiental, e b) entrevista semi estruturada, realizada junto a mediador de interlocução da organização social nos assentamentos. O trabalho de coleta de informações foi iniciado após prévia aprovação do Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa Resultados - Há um grande distanciamento entre o discurso propositivo de algumas políticas públicas inspiradas nos princípios da sustentabilidade e a realização objetiva de sua prática...

Investimento direto estrangeiro e desenvolvimento sustentável: uma proposta multivariada de correlação e comparação nos setores nacionais brasileiros; Foreign direct investment and sustainable development: a multivariate correlation and comparison approach in Brazilian sectors

Rodrigues, Jonny Mateus
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/06/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
A presente proposta correlaciona como o investimento direto estrangeiro pode, e deve, promover o desenvolvimento sustentável no país que o acolhe. O investimento direto estrangeiro é capaz de promover uma série de vantagens competitivas quando aplicado de forma coerente como: ganhos de tecnologia, geração de empregos, capacitação de mão de obra e outros benefícios que vão além do econômico. No entanto, há a necessidade de uma mensuração para que a promoção do desenvolvimento gerado se dê de forma sustentável, para que os benefícios obtidos para a nação sejam maiores do que a degradação ambiental, emissão de poluentes e os impactos sociais causados. Utilizando um referencial sobre o investimento direto estrangeiro e desenvolvimento sustentável, o trabalho consiste em verificar se o investimento direto estrangeiro promove o desenvolvimento sustentável. Para isso, uma construção foi feita a partir de dados secundários que pudessem verificar a latência dos constructos de sustentabilidade e assim relacioná-los com o investimento direto estrangeiro com a divisão em setor primário, secundário e terciário. Com essas correlações foi possível verificar como o investimento tem impactado não apenas na economia nacional mas também qual impacto ambiental e social ele trouxe. Posteriormente...

Concepts associated with health from the perspective of sustainable development

Ríos-Osorio,Leonardo Alberto; Salas-Zapata,Walter Alfredo; Ortiz-Lobato,Manuel
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo.; Associação Paulista de Saúde Pública. Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo.; Associação Paulista de Saúde Pública.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
The concept of health is a social construction defined by the historical-cultural contexts of societies. At the moment, this context is characterized by global challenges such as climate change, energy crisis, the north-south divide, and poverty, among others. In view of these challenges, sustainable development has emerged as a proposal to cope with these drawbacks of the Western development model. In this sense, it is plausible to suppose, in accordance with a new global scenario of sustainable development, that a new conception of health is also emerging. For that reason, this paper aims at identifying this renewed concept of health, together with related concepts which are mentioned in the official documents on sustainable development originated in the world summits. Despite the fact that the concepts of health and sustainable development have been understood as being equivalent, none of the aforementioned official documents has provided societies with an explicit concept of health. It was verified that the concept of health has been associated with that of need satisfaction and preservation of ecosystems, whereas the construct of illness is associated with the concepts of poverty and high consumption levels. Finally, it is concluded that health is an intermediate goal of sustainable development and not an end in itself.

The global values within education for sustainable development : a case study of education for sustainable development in the Australian national curriculum.

de Leo, Joy M.
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
History shows that society looks to education to develop the values, knowledge and skills needed to address contemporary challenges and to create the kind of society and lifestyles that are appropriate to the time, place and context. This is particularly so in times of crisis and rapid change such as those encountered today. The inter-related issues of climate change, environmental degradation, globalisation and the global financial crisis (GFC), population explosion, growing intercultural and inter-religious conflict, and increasing social concerns and inequities, confront education with many complex challenges. This policy-oriented study examines the nature of these global challenges and ways of addressing them through values-based Education for Sustainable Development (ESD), with specific reference to key international documents and reports. It identifies the most commonly expressed values, knowledge and skills involved in Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) in a selection of United Nations (UN) documents and international agreements relevant to key socio-cultural, socio-economic, and environmental perspectives of sustainable development. These are collated, analysed and presented as a guide for schooling to address, while complementing local cultural and national values. The global values are compared to Australian values...

The importance of systems thinking and practice for creating biosphere reserves as "learning laboratories for sustainable development"

Nguyen, N.; Bosch, O.; Maani, K.
Fonte: The University of Queensland; Brisbane Publicador: The University of Queensland; Brisbane
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
UNESCO has recommended the launch of pilot projects to use biosphere reserves as learning laboratories or spaces to address the gap between biosphere reserve knowledge systems (scientific, experiential, and indigenous) and the imperative for wider sustainable development. In this regard, a pilot project in the Cat Ba Biosphere Reserve (CBBR) in northern Vietnam has been initiated. The project has three major aims that address: • the needs of UNESCO/MAB and the Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (DESD) initiative by contributing to sustainable development knowledge and education globally; • the environment (e.g. biodiversity), livelihood of people (e.g. poverty alleviation) and economic benefits (such as sharing in the revenue from a booming tourism industry); and • the adoption of policies and processes by Government and management bodies to ensure that long term sustainable management will become institutionalised and ongoing. This paper discusses the use of systems thinking concepts and tools in creating learning laboratories for sustainable development. The biosphere reserve and sustainable development literature as well as the learning laboratories for sustainable development concept will be briefly described. The importance of systems thinking methodology and applications to deal with ever-increasing complexities of sustainable development will be discussed. A Causal Loop Model of Cat Ba Biosphere Reserve integrating policy...

Global environmental change and sustainable development

Pardo Buendía, Mercedes
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/04/2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.2%
The UC3M group of “Global environmental change and sustainable development: social trends and emerging policies” offers its experience on the following fields: • Sustainable Development. • Environmental Education. • Agenda 21. • Sustainable Cities and Sustainable Land Planning. • Environmental Impact Evaluation. • Sustainable Transport and Mobility. • Social Management and Saving Policies (energy, waste, water, noise). Within this framework, the work of this research group aims to: 1) The analysis and diagnosis of how Global Environmental Change and Sustainable Development can affect each specific organization. 2) The proposal of solutions. 3) The management of their implementation. 4) Instruction and training. These objectives are tackled from their basic study to their applied development through reports and consultancy services.

Avaliação de efetividade de estratégias territorializadas de promoção da saúde e desenvolvimento sustentável: múltiplos exercícios para construção e aplicação de uma matriz avaliativa; Effectiveness of territorialized sustainable development and to promote health strategies: multiple exercises to construction and application of an evaluation matrix.

Setti, Andréia Faraoni Freitas
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/09/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
Os impactos sociais, econômicos e ambientais do modo de produção e consumo atual vêm ameaçando a vida no planeta e destacando a importância de se incorporar o desenvolvimento sustentável como conceito-chave em distintos campos de conhecimento e ação. Para implementar territorialmente esta agenda são necessários estratégias estruturantes e mecanismos de governança, tais como a avaliação de efetividade de estratégias de promoção de territórios sustentáveis e saudáveis, com viabilidade, factibilidade e replicabilidade necessárias para retroalimentar processos políticos e de gestão voltados para a consecução de seus objetivos. Este estudo teve por objetivo desenvolver métodos, tecnologias e parâmetros de análise, monitoramento e avaliação de efetividade de promoção da saúde e desenvolvimento sustentável a partir de uma experiência concreta em andamento, o Projeto Bocaina / Observatório de Territórios Sustentáveis e Saudáveis da Bocaina (OTSS) que visa promover a justiça socioambiental, por meio da construção e implantação coletiva de agenda estratégica local integrada à agenda das comunidades tradicionais, voltada para a educação diferenciada e o turismo de base comunitária. O território do estudo é o Mosaico Bocaina...

From economic to sustainable development: unfolding the concept of law

JENSEN, Hanne Birgitte
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
The paper presents an analysis of the interrelationship of law, policy and knowledge under conditions of globalization. The paper's basic premise is that the emergence of the sustainable development policy has been driven by an expanding awareness of the world as a singular and interdependent entity. The principal argument is that the policy of sustainable development is part of a wider epistemic shift, which means that the global community at large understands the world differently today than 50-60 years ago when the United Nations and the Bretton Woods-inspired institutions were established. The theory of change underlying these policies represents, therefore, a shift from the model of economic development, which builds on the idea of separation and functional specialization, to a model of sustainable development, which builds on interdependence and integration. It is suggested that the sustainable development policy provideds us with a key to develop a common theoretical framework for explaining the implications of the epistemic shift, but, giving effect to the shift will require research and co-operation between a wide range of disciplines. It is further suggested that expanding the concept of law provides a necessary condition for making the epistemic shift operational as a new paradigm in a global governance context. In conclusion...

The implementation of sustainable development in regional trade agreements : a case study on the European Union and MERCOSUR

DE ANDRADE CORRÊA, Fabiano
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
Examining Board: Professor Marise Cremona, European University Institute (Supervisor) Professor Ernst Ulrich Petersmann, European University Institute Professor Markus Gehring, University of Cambridge, England Professor Adriana Dreyzin de Klor, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina.; Defence date: 5 June 2013; This thesis addresses the implementation of sustainable development in the legal frameworks of regional integration agreements (RIAs). Sustainable development is reaffirmed as one of the main priorities of the international community, while poverty eradication and the integration of socio-environmental concerns into all governance levels remain the most pressing challenges to its implementation. Furthermore, the role of law is considered fundamental for sustainable development, but there remains a lack of analysis of how legal frameworks are effectively advancing this objective. In this regard, the thesis focuses on the laws and policies of two of the most important RIAs in force, the European Union and MERCOSUR, with a twofold objective: 1) to analyze how RIAs can provide enabling legal frameworks for the promotion of sustainable development, going beyond trade liberalization and serving as a building block between multilateral goals and their implementation at the national level; 2) to provide case studies of norms and policies developed at the regional level addressing a) poverty eradication and social justice within their internal spheres; b) trade policies and instruments that more effectively integrate socioenvironmental objectives. The research undertaken has also a comparative element that enables the consideration of whether the EU...

Lao People's Democratic Republic - Investment and Access to Land and Natural Resources : Challenges in Promoting Sustainable Development, A Think Piece (A Basis for Dialogue)

Lao PDR Ministry of Planning and Investment; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Public Sector Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
The aim of this discussion paper is to ascertain the government of Lao's (GoL) current practices in negotiating, awarding, and managing land concessions; enhance GoL understanding and commitments to develop national capacities targeting improved land management, that will generate revenues for GoL, and ensure sustainable development as an urgent priority; and provide a basis for dialogue within the government to enable its determination of priorities to better address land development issues in Laos, to enable the achievement of sustainable, responsible economic development. The paper also examines key issues revolving around the sustainable utilization of land, and the mechanisms, through an examination of GoL s policy statements. The findings are provided, and the report advises that GoL pay special attention to four major points: the availability of adequate and accurate information on which to make decisions on concessions; adequate capacity within GoL agencies to determine, award and monitor/oversee the operation of concessions; and governance over land and natural resources. These points of guidance are expected to contribute towards developing sustainable approaches for land administration and management programs in Lao PDR...

Spatial modelling of sustainability indicators and policy implications for sustainable development across the three regions of Ireland

Donlan, Jennifer
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: Doctoral thesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations; none
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
peer-reviewed; National policy has aimed at making development more sustainable. However, successful movement towards this goal is not well documented. Some shortcomings in the move towards more sustainable development are the result of unexpected outcomes with regard to policy goals and behaviour. Some previously accepted relationships between indicators are now coming into question. A better understanding of the relationships between infrastructure, behaviour, environment and attitudes is needed to improve the ability of policies to increase the sustainability of settlements. The EPA-Funded project Sustainability and Future Settlement Patterns in Ireland (SFSPI) conducted at the University of Limerick’s Centre for Environmental Research (CER) examined the relative sustainability of 79 Irish settlements (cities, towns, and villages) across three regions of Ireland (Sligo, Midlands, and Limerick). The resulting database contains 43 sustainable development indicators and indices for environmental, socio-economic, quality of life, and transport domains. The SFSPI database also produced Ecological Footprints (EF), and component footprints for energy, waste, water, food, and transport for each study settlement. This research, designed to complement the SFSPI project...

Agenda 21 nacional e indicadores de desenvolvimento sustentável: contexto brasileiro; National agenda 21 and sustainable development indicators: the brazilian context

MALHEIROS, Tadeu Fabricio; PHLIPPI JR., Arlindo; COUTINHO, Sonia Maria Viggiani
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo.Associação Paulista de Saúde Pública. Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo.Associação Paulista de Saúde Pública.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
Respondendo às crescentes pressões da sociedade civil organizada para implementação de diretrizes estabelecidas nos instrumentos de comprometimento internacionais voltadas à promoção do desenvolvimento sustentável, estados nacionais vêm elaborando suas estratégias e planos de desenvolvimento sustentável. Esforços também vêm sendo dispensados na proposição de indicadores para acompanhar resultados e impactos na implementação de políticas. Em 2002, o Brasil aprovou sua Agenda 21, elaborada por meio de processo participativo, que é uma experiência significativa num contexto de grande diversidade social, ambiental e econômica, embora o Governo brasileiro não tenha ainda um sistema consolidado de monitoramento e avaliação da Agenda 21 brasileira. Seguindo orientação e incentivo da Comissão de Desenvolvimento Sustentável das Nações Unidas, o IBGE (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística) publicou em 2002 os Indicadores de Desenvolvimento Sustentável - Brasil 2002. Apesar de ambos os esforços terem se desenvolvido em momentos concomitantes e possuírem como foco a mesma temática - desenvolvimento sustentável do Brasil - a não priorização da integração desses processos gerou lacunas no conjunto de indicadores...

Proposição de indicadores de desenvolvimento sustentável para assentamentos rurais.; Proposition of indicators of sustainable development of agricultural nestings

Neiva, José da Luz
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Desenvolvimento sustentável Regional; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Desenvolvimento sustentável Regional; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
The Subject evidences the importance of the proposition of indicators of sustainable development for Agricultural Nestings, with the objective to support of the decisions of the governmental bodies and managers of a general form, in the implantation, accompaniment, support and evaluation to the implanted projects and to be implanted. Through the historical analysis of the brazilian agrarian question and the chosen theorical landmarks: the indicators of sustainable development; and family agriculture, was possible to know the theoretical structure witch involves the subject. Regarding the indicators of sustainable development it was proceeded a research concerning it s evolution, identifying the main studies about: the work of construction indicators of sustainable development led by the Commission for Sustainable Development CDS, of the United Nations; indicators of sustainable development Brazil 2004, of the IBGE; of the Balaton Group (Donella Meadows and others), in the Triângulo de Daly ; of the Bossel project; of the Monet model of Switzerland; and, the total socio-ecologial system, of the CEPAL. The boarding of the theorical landmark Familiar Agriculture included the analysis of some definitions and it s categories and identified the types...

Linking public sector Corporate Social Responsibility with sustainable development: lessons from India

Ray,Subhasis
Fonte: Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie Publicador: Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
Economic think tanks predict India to be the world's largest economy by 2050. This would require India to accelerate its industrial and infrastructure development. Industrialization based economic development will have a negative impact on the environment and hence sustainable development. Such steps could affect the social and environmental bottom line of the national economy. In recent years, a number of regulatory measures have been proposed by the Indian government to ensure corporate support to the goals of sustainable and inclusive development. The objective of these regulations is to achieve triple bottom line based growth. Notable among them is the mandatory Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) guidelines for public sector undertakings, first issued in April, 2010. I study the possibility and problems created by this effort by analyzing the policy documents and interviewing managers responsible for implementing CSR programmers in Indian public sector. Managers interviewed came from hydropower, coal, power distribution and shipping industries. Based on the study, four areas are identified that requires attention for effective linking between sustainable development and CSR; stakeholder engagement, institutional mechanisms, capacity building and knowledge management. Both government-public sector and public sector-community engagements have to be more streamlined. Institutional mechanisms have to be developed to see that CSR projects are effective and delivering. Importantly...

Proposição de indicadores de desenvolvimento sustentável para assentamentos rurais.; Proposition of indicators of sustainable development of agricultural nestings

Neiva, José da Luz
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Desenvolvimento sustentável Regional; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Desenvolvimento sustentável Regional; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
The Subject evidences the importance of the proposition of indicators of sustainable development for Agricultural Nestings, with the objective to support of the decisions of the governmental bodies and managers of a general form, in the implantation, accompaniment, support and evaluation to the implanted projects and to be implanted. Through the historical analysis of the brazilian agrarian question and the chosen theorical landmarks: the indicators of sustainable development; and family agriculture, was possible to know the theoretical structure witch involves the subject. Regarding the indicators of sustainable development it was proceeded a research concerning it s evolution, identifying the main studies about: the work of construction indicators of sustainable development led by the Commission for Sustainable Development CDS, of the United Nations; indicators of sustainable development Brazil 2004, of the IBGE; of the Balaton Group (Donella Meadows and others), in the Triângulo de Daly ; of the Bossel project; of the Monet model of Switzerland; and, the total socio-ecologial system, of the CEPAL. The boarding of the theorical landmark Familiar Agriculture included the analysis of some definitions and it s categories and identified the types...

Climate change and sustainable development: an analysis of China's integration of these policy strategies

Tian, Jun
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.31%
Byrne, John; Climate change and sustainable development are both challenging issues for developing countries, as they need to allocate their limited financial, human and technical resources to more immediate and urgent needs such as education, sanitary and infrastructure construction. Policy objectives on climate change and development may be conflicting in the short term but they could also be complementary. This dissertation explores potential synergies between climate change mitigation and sustainable development policies and proposes to integrate policy objectives of climate change mitigation and sustainable development in developing countries. Particularly, this dissertation focuses on China as China is currently undergoing a fundamental change in the social economy and China already became the largest GHGs emissions in the world. This dissertation investigates, at the national level, whether China's sustainable development policies climate friendly and whether China's climate change mitigation policies contribute to national sustainable development. Integration of climate change mitigation and sustainable development policy objectives in the development and implementation of CDM program is examined, which is partially because that CDM is designed with twin objectives on emissions reduction and sustainable development...

Assessment of the sustainable development capacity with the entropy weight coefficient method

Wang, Q.; Yuan, X.; Zhang, J.; Gao, Y.; Hong, J.; Zuo, J.; Liu, W.
Fonte: MDPI AG Publicador: MDPI AG
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
Sustainable development is widely accepted in the world. How to reflect the sustainable development capacity of a region is an important issue for enacting policies and plans. An index system for capacity assessment is established by employing the Entropy Weight Coefficient method. The results indicate that the sustainable development capacity of Shandong Province is improving in terms of its economy subsystem, resource subsystem, and society subsystem whilst degrading in its environment subsystem. Shandong Province has shown the general trend towards sustainable development. However, the sustainable development capacity can be constrained by the resources such as energy, land, water, as well as environmental protection. These issues are induced by the economy development model, the security of energy supply, the level of new energy development, the end-of-pipe control of pollution, and the level of science and technology commercialization. Efforts are required to accelerate the development of the tertiary industry, the commercialization of high technology, the development of new energy and renewable energy, and the structure optimization of energy mix. Long-term measures need to be established for the ecosystem and environment protection.; Qingsong Wang...

Agenda 21 nacional e indicadores de desenvolvimento sustentável: contexto brasileiro; National agenda 21 and sustainable development indicators: the brazilian context

Malheiros, Tadeu Fabricio; Phlippi Jr., Arlindo; Coutinho, Sonia Maria Viggiani
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
Respondendo às crescentes pressões da sociedade civil organizada para implementação de diretrizes estabelecidas nos instrumentos de comprometimento internacionais voltadas à promoção do desenvolvimento sustentável, estados nacionais vêm elaborando suas estratégias e planos de desenvolvimento sustentável. Esforços também vêm sendo dispensados na proposição de indicadores para acompanhar resultados e impactos na implementação de políticas. Em 2002, o Brasil aprovou sua Agenda 21, elaborada por meio de processo participativo, que é uma experiência significativa num contexto de grande diversidade social, ambiental e econômica, embora o Governo brasileiro não tenha ainda um sistema consolidado de monitoramento e avaliação da Agenda 21 brasileira. Seguindo orientação e incentivo da Comissão de Desenvolvimento Sustentável das Nações Unidas, o IBGE (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística) publicou em 2002 os Indicadores de Desenvolvimento Sustentável - Brasil 2002. Apesar de ambos os esforços terem se desenvolvido em momentos concomitantes e possuírem como foco a mesma temática - desenvolvimento sustentável do Brasil - a não priorização da integração desses processos gerou lacunas no conjunto de indicadores...

The role of international sustainable development law principles in enabling effective renewable energy policy - A South African perspective

Barnard,M
Fonte: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad Publicador: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
It is universally accepted that renewable energy is an important contributing factor towards the promotion of sustainable development. The implementation of renewable energy needs to be regulated in an effective manner which in turn necessitates the formulation of law and policy geared towards sustainable development. Recent policy developments in South Africa propose to facilitate the promotion of sustainable development through the implementation of renewable energy, among others. In terms of existing energy policy in South-Africa, the interconnectivity of renewable energy and sustainable development is evident. Most notably, the White Paper on Renewable Energy of 2003 promotes increased access to affordable renewable energy in order to contribute to sustainable development. Moreover, the 2008 first review of the National Energy Efficiency Strategy of the Republic of South-Africa of 2005 states that in order for the country's renewable energy policy to be considered sustainable, it needs to facilitate development in the social, economic and environmental spheres. Notwithstanding, attaining the goal of sustainable development depends on whether all its effecting principles are catered for in the policy developments. Accordingly, in order to ascertain whether South-African law and policy can successfully facilitate/enable sustainable development via the implementation of renewable energy...

Legal perspectives on the role of culture in sustainable development

Plessis,AA Du; Rautenbach,C
Fonte: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad Publicador: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
This article introduces some legal perspectives on the role of culture in sustainable development. The authors agree that sustainable development has been designed as an environmental concept but that room exists for the more prominent inclusion of some form(s) of the notion "culture" in the sustainable development equation. It is shown that the fluid nature and meaning of "culture" may require a distinction between the role of "culture" per se and the role of "cultural governance" in the sustainable development context. It is suggested that "cultural governance" as a notion may be more distinct and exact than "culture" itself. The more functional notion of "good cultural governance" is preferred as a benchmark in the sustainable development equation, with the implication that cultural governance occurs in accordance with a certain standard. This standard is briefly considered by looking at the meaning of good cultural governance as a notion that encompasses both cultural governance and good governance generally. The article is set in the South African context but also invokes some law and policy developments internationally, regionally and sub-regionally to depict how issues of culture have been infiltrating the sustainable development discourse and to distil some of the substantive benchmarks for good cultural governance.