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Apoio social para dependentes do álcool; Social support for alcohol dependent individuals.2007.

Oliva, Ana Lígia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/12/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.07%
O consumo abusivo do álcool e suas conseqüências vêm aumentando significativamente, constituindo sério problema para a saúde pública. Esses problemas representam alto custo social e comprometem diversas áreas da saúde. O presente estudo é do tipo descritivo e tem como objetivo identificar o apoio social para dependentes do álcool e analisar suas relações. A amostra foi composta por 50 usuários, cadastrados, e em atendimento no Centro de Atenção Psicossocial -Álcool e Drogas - CAPS ad.II, de Ribeirão Preto, com diagnóstico de síndrome de dependência do álcool. Para a coleta de dados foi utilizado questionário estruturado com perguntas fechadas, dividido em três partes: as informações sociodemográficas, o teste de identificação do uso do álcool (Audit) e o instrumento de apoio social Medical Outcomes Study (MOS). Resultados: 43(86%) do sexo masculi no, 26(46%) solteiros, 26(52%) adultos, faixa etária entre 30 e 49 anos, com baixo nível de escolaridade 31(62%), pois tinham o ensino fundamental completo ou incompleto, e 21(42%) estavam desempregados. Com relação ao uso do álcool, 44(88%) apresentaram níveis de provável dependência, ou dependência, do álcool, e 31(62%) iniciaram o uso do álcool na adolescência...

Social support for South Asian Muslim parents with life-limiting illness living in Scotland: a multiperspective qualitative study

Gaveras, Eleni Margareta; Kristiansen, Maria; Worth, Allison; Irshad, Tasneem; Sheikh, Aziz
Fonte: BMJ Publishing Group Publicador: BMJ Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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Objective: To explore experiences of social support needs among South Asian Muslim patients with life-limiting illness, living in Scotland, who are parents of young children. Design: Secondary analysis of data from a multiperspective, longitudinal Scottish study involving in-depth semistructured interviews with patients, their nominated carers and healthcare professionals. Data were analysed using interpretive phenomenological analysis. Setting: Edinburgh, Scotland. Participants: South-Asian Muslim patients with life-limiting illness with children under the age of 18 (n=8), their carer (n=6) and their healthcare professional. Main outcome measures Access and provision of social support in palliative care. Results: Open-ended qualitative interviews identified four main themes: (1) parental sadness over being unable to provide tangible support; (2) parental desire to continue to provide emotional support; (3) limited availability of informal social support networks; and (4) differing perspectives between healthcare professionals and patients on patient access to social support sources, with a subtheme being the capacity of male carers to provide social support. South-Asian parents at the end of life had limited access to extended-network support. Gender roles appeared as challenging for healthcare providers who at times overestimated the amount of support a female carer could provide and underestimated the amount of support male carers provided. Implications for practice include the need for greater awareness by healthcare providers of the social support needs of ethnic minority and migrant parents with life-limiting illnesses and especially an awareness of the importance of the role of male and female carers. Further research is needed to explore how the timing of migration impacts the need for and availability of tangible and emotional informal social support among ethnic minority parents with life-limiting illness.

The Interplay of support and conflict behaviors in romantic relationships.

Davidson, Elizabeth Kovaleff Baker (1982 - ); Rogge, Ronald D.
Fonte: University of Rochester Publicador: University of Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Number of Pages:xi, 198 leaves; Illustrations:ill.
ENG
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Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Rochester. Dept. of Clinical and Social Sciences in Psychology, 2012.; The current studies examined the interplay of social support and conflict behaviors within a sample of individuals in romantic relationships (Study 1; N = 1759) and a sample of couples in relationships (Study 2; N=294 newlywed couples) in order to determine how these domains of behavior interacted to influence relationship functioning over time. One dimension of nurturant support (affection) and two dimensions of action-facilitating support (negative support behaviors and active support behaviors) demonstrated longitudinal interaction effects consistent with the Ubiquitous-Variant Support (UVS) model, displaying a buffering of negative conflict and toxic combinations with negative conflict, respectively. However, the results with the remaining dimensions of support failed to support the UVS model. Specifically, informational support demonstrated the predicted toxic synergy in the heterogeneous sample (Study 1), but buffered negative conflict in the newlywed sample (Study 2), suggesting a possible developmental specificity. Emotional support only demonstrated the predicted buffering of conflict in an interaction involving shifts in emotional support over time...

Rede de apoio social dos usu??rios de Centro de Aten????o Psicossocial e moradores de residenciais terap??uticos; Social Support Network of Users of Psychosocial Care Center and Residents of Residential Therapeutic

LIMA, Z??lma Gulart de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Enfermagem e Obstetr??cia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Enfermagem; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Enfermagem e Obstetr??cia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Enfermagem; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.08%
Due to new laws that propose some transformations, new perspectives were incorporated into care provision to patients with mental disorders. In the current scenario, the Centers for Psychosocial Care (CAPS) and therapeutic residential services (SRT), are of special relevance as strategic services in the psychiatric reform process by integrating mental health network, rehabilitating and restoring the social reinsertion to replace previous models that were centered in isolation. It is worth noting that the social support enhances actions that respect the individual??s singularities, supporting treatments where people with mental disorder can live in society. Thus, this support becomes crucial as it provides assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disability so they can overcome their limitations. This study is a subproject of the REDESUL Project Networks that rehabilitate: evaluating innovative experiences of composing networks of psychosocial care. The collection of quantitative data was conducted by five interviewers in each of the chosen five municipalities in Rio Grande do Sul (RS), from September to December 2009. It is a cross-sectional epidemiological study aimed to describe the perception of social support by the Psychosocial Care Center (CAPS) users and the residents of Therapeutic Residential Service (SRT). The outcome of the study...

Associa????o entre suporte social e atividade f??sica no lazer em adultos; Associa????o entre suporte social e atividade f??sica no lazer em adultos; Association between social support and leisure-time physical activity in adults; Association between social support and leisure-time physical activity in adults

SILVA, In??cio Crochemore Mohnsam da
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Medicina; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Epidemiologia; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Medicina; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Epidemiologia; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.07%
Objective: To explore the association between social support from family and friends and the practice of leisure-time physical activity (PA) in adults (≥20 years old). Methodology: Population-based, cross-sectional study, conducted in Pelotas/RS. The sampling process occurred in multiple stages. Leisure-time PA was measured with the long version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Those who reported an PA practice of ≥150 minutes on the week before the interview were considered active. Specific estimates for walking and moderate and vigorous PA (MVPA) were performed. Social support was collected with a Social Support Scale for PA and different exposure variables were built according to the sources of support (family or friends), levels of exposure and type of PA practice. The developed analysis was stratified by sex. For the association between social support and PA a Poisson regression was used with robust adjustment of variance. Complementary analysis stratified the sample in two age groups (20-39 years old and ≥40 years old). Results: There was a strong association between social support and leisure-time PA in adults (RP≥ 2,0). Considering the walks, prevalence ratios between men were lower than the ones between women. Restricting the analysis to MVPA...

Predicting support needs for people with psychiatric and intellectual disabilities.

Thomson, Stacey T.
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2008
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
Over the last 30 years there has been a paradigmatic shift in the field of disabilities towards assessing individual support needs in relation to social and environmental context rather than individual deficits. The capacity of existing assessment instruments to assess support needs is limited because most were designed to assess individual deficits and thereby determine eligibility for funding and/or services. Some instruments have been designed to assess support needs but there are several problems associated with these instruments including, suitability for use in only one disability type, susceptibility to rater bias, and failure to account for variations in support needs over time. This thesis attempted to contribute to addressing these deficiencies by examining the characteristics that are most predictive of support needs for people with psychiatric and intellectual disabilities and the methods by which changes in such support needs could be predicted. Two studies were used to address these aims. The first considered samples of people with primary psychiatric disabilities (N= 561) and intellectual disabilities (N =168), who lived in Supported Residential Facilities. These participants were assessed in regards not only to standard demographic and disability characteristics...

Support needs assessment for individuals with intellectual disabilities : an investigation of the nature of the support needs construct and disability factors that impact on support needs.

Harries, Julia Anne
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
Individualised needs based approaches are increasingly being utilised to fund disability support services. Frequently, standardised assessments such as adaptive behaviour scales and, more recently, measures of support needs are used for determining level of need. The aim of this thesis is to understand the relationship between adaptive behaviours and support needs and to investigate factors that impact functional capacity and need for supports for individuals with an intellectual disability. Although a conceptually attractive approach to assessment, concern exists regarding the adequacy of the theoretical framework for guiding the development of support needs instruments. Though possessing theoretical similarities, adaptive behaviour and support needs scales are considered to measure different, albeit related constructs, prompting investigation into the nature of the relationship and the structure of the support needs construct. Accordingly, in Study 1 the Supports Intensity Scale (SIS), the Adaptive Behaviour Scale–Residential and Community (ABS-RC:2), and the Inventory for Client and Agency Planning (ICAP) were used to examine this relationship (N = 80). Dimensionality of the SIS (Section 1) was examined in reference to the three areas of conceptual...

Social support and optimism in relation to the oral health of young adults

Brennan, D.; Spencer, A.
Fonte: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc Inc Publicador: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors largely external to the individual—such as social support and those that are inherently dispositional, like optimism—may both play a role in determining oral health outcomes and serve to buffer the effect of each other. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess associations of social support and optimism on oral health. METHOD: In 2005–2006, n=1,859 persons around 30 years old were surveyed to collect data on social support, optimism, oral health-related quality of life, and caries experience. RESULTS: Unadjusted analyses found high social support associated (P<0.05) with fewer (mean±SE) decayed teeth(0.6±0.1) and less negative impact on quality of life (2.7± 0.2) compared to low support (1.0±0.2 and 4.5±0.4 respectively). High optimism was associated with fewer missing teeth (2.1±0.2) and less negative impact on quality of life (2.1±0.2) compared to low optimism (2.9±0.2 and 3.8±0.2, respectively). Multivariate regressions adjusted for dental visiting, toothbrushing, sex, income, work status and education showed social support and optimism had (P<0.05) negative associations with missing teeth (β=−1.0) and caries experience (β=−1.5) for high support/high optimism compared to low support/low optimism. All three non-reference combinations of support/optimism showed negative associations(β=−1.6 to −2.4) with impact of problems compared to low support/low optimism. CONCLUSIONS: Social support and optimism were associated with oral health. Impact of dental problems showed buffering of high support when optimism was low...

Social Support in Doctoral Education: The Role of Relationship Resources and Gender in Graduate Student Professional Socialization

Namaste, Paul Ruggerio
Fonte: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University Publicador: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University
Tipo: Doctoral Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.07%
Thesis (PhD) - Indiana University, Sociology, 2007; Sociologists have explored the effect of social relationships on the outcomes of education for many years. Relationships with parents, teachers, and peers have long been established to influence student socialization, academic achievement, and educational aspirations, expectations, and attainment. Therefore, it is surprising that social support, as conceptualized mainly in the medical sociology literature, has rarely been explored as a source of influence on educational outcomes. Using the context of doctoral education in the United States and conceptualizing social support as resources accumulated through social relationships, I examine not only the effect of social support on graduate student professional socialization, but also the effect of organizational and individual level factors on the perceptions and use of support. I use measures from a private dataset entitled the Survey on Doctoral Education (SDE), as well as data from the National Research Council and the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), to conduct factor analysis and multivariate regression analysis. My findings suggest that organizational factors such as institutional and departmental characteristics...

A comparative analysis of the Army Special Forces support structure to the Infantry Division (Light) support structure

Stauffer, Robin James
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: viii, 120 p.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.08%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; The problem examined in this thesis is whether the current structure for the command and control of combat service support for Army special operations forces (ARSOF) is adequate for all ARSOF support units. This thesis is focused on the internal sustainment of ARSOF during contingency operations. The objective of this thesis is to conduct a comparative analysis of three alternative ARSOF support command and control structures to the support structure for the infantry division (light) to determine if the current ARSOF support command and control structure can be improved. The three ARSOF alternatives are: (1) the current ARSOF support organization, (2) the proposal by the U.S. Army Special Warfare Center and School and the U.S. Army Infantry Center to create a special operations support unit and a ranger support battalion, and (3) the author's proposal to create a special operations support command (SOSCOM). The analysis is based on the following measures of effectiveness (MOEs) for an efficient planning support structure: (1) tooth-to- tail ratio, (2) the number of support planning nodeschannels, (3) the proximity of support planning nodes to each other, and (4) the number of organic and nonorganic support units.; Captain...

A Fair Go: Evaluating Australian student income support policies in the context of recent reforms

Mokosch, Gunnar
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.08%
The Australian higher education sector will play an increasingly important role in the future development of the country. For the economy to remain competitive internationally and to maintain and enhance living standards, a larger share of Australians with tertiary qualifications will be required. At the same time, people from low socioeconomic as well as those from rural and regional backgrounds are largely underrepresented in the student body. Student income support is crucial in achieving the goals of equity in tertiary education and of increased general participation levels in Australia. Following a comprehensive review of the Australian higher education sector in 2008, the Federal Government made significant changes to its student income support policies in 2009, parts of which were amended a year later. More students whose parents cannot support them financially now receive income support. What is more, these students from low socioeconomic backgrounds concurrently receive newly introduced scholarships that help deal with the relocation and the start-up costs of studying. In addition to many other changes, the criteria for receiving income support as independent from one's parents were tightened for urban and some regional students...

Protocol of a multi-centre randomised controlled trial of a web-based information intervention with nurse-delivered telephone support for haematological cancer patients and their support persons

Bryant, Jamie; Sanson-Fisher, Rob; Stevenson, William; Smits, Rochelle; Henskens, Frans; Wei, Andrew; Tzelepis, Flora; D’Este, Catherine; Paul, Christine; Carey, Mariko
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 13 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
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BACKGROUND High rates of anxiety, depression and unmet needs are evident amongst haematological cancer patients undergoing treatment and their Support Persons. Psychosocial distress may be minimised by ensuring that patients are sufficiently involved in decision making, provided with tailored information and adequate preparation for potentially threatening procedures. To date, there are no published studies evaluating interventions designed to reduce psychosocial distress and unmet needs specifically in patients with haematological cancers and their Support Persons. This study will examine whether access to a web-based information tool and nurse-delivered telephone support reduces depression, anxiety and unmet information needs for haematological cancer patients and their Support Persons. METHODS/DESIGN A non-blinded, parallel-group, multi-centre randomised controlled trial will be conducted to compare the effectiveness of a web-based information tool and nurse-delivered telephone support with usual care. Participants will be recruited from the haematology inpatient wards of five hospitals in New South Wales, Australia. Patients diagnosed with acute myeloid leukaemia, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, Burkitt's lymphoma, Lymphoblastic lymphoma (B or T cell)...

Towards Improved Drought Support for New Entrants into Farming: An Investigation into the Level of Support Offered to New Entrants by Past, Present and Potential Drought Support Measures.

Davies, Jessie
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.08%
Australia is the driest inhabited continent on earth and also experiences a high degree of climate variability. As such, drought, along with many other other climatic extremes, is a recurring feature of the Australian agricultural operating environment. A number of characteristics have been identified that reduce an individual's capacity to manage the financial risk that drought poses. These include: low levels of experience, low levels of stored capital, high debt and low equity. Typically, new entrants into farming possess a number of these characteristics, with significant negative implications for drought resilience. As such, new entrants into farming require both additional and differential forms of drought support, compared to established farmers. In 1992, the National Drought Policy (NDP) was established to provide federally coordinated assistance to drought affected farmers. Since then it has undergone a number of national reviews. In response to the 2008 review of the NDP, the Federal Government and Western Australian State Government jointly implemented a Pilot of Drought Reform Measures in part of Western Australia (WA Pilot), which commenced in july 2010. The pilot tested a range of measures that were designed to better support farmers to prepare for future challenges. This report investigated the suite of drought assistance measures offered within the NDP and the WA Drought Reform Pilot (referred to here as the WA Pilot)...

Perceived Social Support for Relationships As a Predictor of Relationship Well-Being and Mental and Physical Health in Same-Sex and Mixed-Sex Relationships: A Longitudinal Investigation

BLAIR, Karen Lyndsay
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.08%
Intimate relationships function not in isolation, but within a broader social network and social environment, in which the opinions and actions of close network members can play a role in how a relationship develops. The current study investigated how perceiving support for one’s relationship (including same-sex and mixed-sex relationships) from friends and family is associated with not only relationship well-being, but also the mental and physical health of the individuals within the relationship. After establishing that social support specifically for a relationship was indeed a separate and unique construct as compared to more general social support for an individual, the study tested a hypothesized model using structural equation modeling, finding evidence for a model in which the association between support for a relationship and the health outcomes for an individual is fully mediated by relationship well-being. Relationship type (i.e., same-sex versus mixed-sex) was not a significant moderator, indicating that regardless of relationship type, individuals who perceive more support for their relationship are also more likely to report greater relationship satisfaction and better mental and physical health. Furthermore, participants provided data up to three times over a period of three years...

Patterns of Workplace Support: An Exploration of the Experiences of Workers with Mental Health Disabilities

Luong, Dorothy
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
Purpose: To evaluate differences in perceived workplace social support for different disability groups, and to better understand the support experiences of persons with mental health disabilities. Methods: A sequential mixed methods design was used. Phase I involved the analysis of an existing dataset to compare perceived social support scores between participants with different disabilities. Phase II, rooted in the phenomenology tradition, involved interviews with workers with mental health disabilities. Triangulation of methods was done in the analysis phase by comparing participant interviews with their corresponding support scores. Results: Phase I - No significant differences were found between participants with orthopaedic and emotional disabilities regarding their total perceived social support score, or support scores according to type (e.g. informational) or source (e.g. supervisor) of support; however, trends suggested that participants with emotional disabilities had higher perceived support scores for friends/family support and lower perceived support scores for appraisal support. Regression models developed from the demographic variables did not predict the perceived amount of social support. Phase II – 9 theme clusters concerning the role of supervisors...

Representações sociais de um grupo de nutrizes sobre o apoio no processo de amamentação; Social representations of a group of nourishers on the support for the breastfeeding process

Müller, Fabiana Swain
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/04/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
Os baixos índices de amamentação exclusiva sugerem a falta de estrutura que forneça apoio efetivo para que a mulher tenha condições de escolher e decidir em relação ao início e a duração da amamentação. Em nossa percepção, há uma dissonância entre o apoio instituído e o apoio esperado pela mulher. Sendo assim, questiona-se o que é o apoio para amamentar, como a mulher/nutriz interpreta as ações de apoio de sua rede social e quais são os elementos mais relevantes para ela. Consideramos que a definição do apoio à amamentação carece de clareza e consenso. Questionamos se o apoio à mulher no processo de amamentação pode ser considerado um fenômeno socioculturalmente construído e sua natureza prática influenciada pelos mecanismos de comunicação existentes na sociedade. Desta forma, elegemos os pressupostos das Representações Sociais para nos levar a conhecer as representações de um grupo de nutrizes sobre apoio para amamentar e identificar as ações de apoio do entorno social que são recebidas e percebidas por elas no processo de amamentação. O local do estudo foi o Centro de Saúde Escola Samuel Barnsley Pessoa (CSE Butantã-SP). Participaram 14 mulheres, em processo de amamentação com filhos até a idade de seis meses...

Expectativas de suporte para o cuidado em idosos da comunidade : Dados do FIBRA-Campinas; Anticipated support for care in the community-dwelling elderly : Campinas data FIBRA

Déborah Cristina de Oliveira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/07/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.08%
A expectativa de suporte para o cuidado é a crença que o idoso tem de que pessoas próximas proverão a assistência futura a ele caso haja necessidade, aliviando o estresse em situação de crise, podendo inibir o desenvolvimento de doenças e exercer um papel positivo em sua recuperação. Esta pesquisa teve por objetivos comparar a expectativa de suporte para o cuidado, arranjo de moradia e variáveis relacionadas à saúde, em função de gênero e faixa etária de idosos da comunidade e identificar as variáveis associadas à ausência de expectativa de suporte para o cuidado em idosos da comunidade. Foi realizada a partir dos dados da Rede de Pesquisa sobre Fragilidade em Idosos Brasileiros (Rede FIBRA), utilizando dados da cidade de Campinas-SP (n=671). Foram selecionadas variáveis sociodemográficas (gênero, idade e arranjo de moradia), variáveis relacionadas à saúde (doenças auto-relatadas, independência funcional, saúde percebida e fragilidade) e expectativa de suporte para o cuidado para a realização de ABVD's e AIVD's. Foi realizada análise descritiva e, por meio dos testes Qui- Quadrado ou exato de Fisher, análise de comparação das principais variáveis categóricas entre gênero, faixa etária e expectativa suporte para o cuidado. Para estudar os fatores associados com a ausência de expectativa de suporte para o cuidado foi utilizada a análise de regressão logística univariada e multivariada...

Public Support, Family Support, and Life Satisfaction of the Elderly: Evidence from a New Government Old-Age Pension in Korea

Kim, Erin Hye-Won
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%

Population aging is a global phenomenon occurring both in developed and less developed countries. While families are still playing an important role in providing support for elderly people, governments are also expanding their public old-age support programs in many societies. Public pensions are one of the major policy tools geared to social protection of the elderly. However, little is known about how the programs affect elders particularly in terms of their subjective well-being. Such effectiveness depends in part on the extent to which public pension income displaces or `crowds out' family elder support. Using the introduction of the Basic Old-Age Pension (BOAP), a non-contributory old-age pension in Korea, this dissertation examines the relationship among public support, family support, and life satisfaction of the elderly.

As an introductory chapter, chapter 1, "The continuing importance of children in relieving elder poverty: evidence from Korea," describes the actual financial status of elderly Koreans and the amount of financial support they receive from children. Analysis of the 2006 Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing shows that almost 70 per cent of Koreans aged 65 or more years received financial transfers from children and that the transfers accounted for about a quarter of the average elder's income. While over 60 per cent of elders would be poor without private transfers...

Implementing a Price Support Program for Myanmar's Rice Sector

Owen, Russell
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 16/04/2014 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
Executive Summary This paper will evaluate the costs and benefits of implementing a price support program for Myanmar’s rice sector. I begin with a review of the literature relevant to price support programs for staple crops. From the review, I will present a general framework for evaluating price support programs. This framework will then be applied to select countries in Southeast Asia to provide context for how these experiences might be applied in Myanmar. Next comes a quantitative analysis of a prospective price support program in Myanmar, complete with rough forecasts of government expenditures under each program. The paper concludes by recommending implementation strategies to minimize the costs and maximize the benefits from a price support program. Context: The Rice Industry in Myanmar Agriculture contributes to roughly 45% of Myanmar’s GDP and employs 66% of the labor force. Rice is cultivated on 18.9 million hectares and constitutes 33% of the total crop area sown (Wong 2013). The major production areas are the Ayeyarwady Delta, Bago in lower Myanmar, and Sagaing. Rice and the rice industry are critical to the livelihoods of the people of Myanmar. Roughly 66% of the labor force is employed in agriculture, and a large percentage of these farmers cultivate rice (CSO 2011). There are two main categories of rural farmers: farmers and landless agricultural laborers. In 2009...

Academic Support Committee Final Report AY2010-11

Lamkin-Kennard, Kathleen Co-Chair; Sisson, Christye Co-Chair; Academic Support Committee
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Final Paper
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Academic Support Committee Final Report AY2010-11