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Make or Buy in a mature industry? Models of client-supplier relationships under TCT and RBV perspectives

Ferreira, Manuel Portugal; Serra, Fernando
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Leiria Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Leiria
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 ENG
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37.15%
In this paper, we use the transaction cost theory (TCT) and the resource-based view (RBV) to discuss three propositions on the models of client-supplier relationships in mature industries. The two theories seem to advance different organizational forms of the client-supplier relationships, and in some instances contradictory. How should firms organize to prosper and grow, namely in the international markets? Through the case study of three Portuguese packaging firms, with primary (interviews) and secondary data, we discuss how the three firms deploy three distinct strategic organization models in a mature industry. One firm utilizes market-based governance mechanisms, and concentrates its production in a few selected locations. Another firm vertically integrates almost the entire value chain of the product to provide full service to its clients. The third firm operates in a model of integrated outsourcing, with the installation "wall to wall" to its clients. The models client-supplier assumed by these firms are based on efficient, stable, and trustworthy relationships, that permit the focus on their core competences and the reduction of the transaction costs. Firms’ superior performance requires a proper alignment of hierarchical and relational governance taking in consideration the dimensions of the transactions.

Are supplier selection criteria going green? Case studies of companies in Brazil

JABBOUR, Ana Beatriz L. S.; JABBOUR, Charbel J. C.
Fonte: EMERALD GROUP PUBLISHING LIMITED Publicador: EMERALD GROUP PUBLISHING LIMITED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to verify if Brazilian companies are adopting environmental requirements in the supplier selection process. Further, this paper intends to analyze whether there is a relation between the level of environmental management maturity and the inclusion of environmental criteria in the companies` selection of suppliers. Design/methodology/approach - A review of mainstream literature on environmental management, traditional criteria in the supplier selection process and the incorporation of environmental requirements in this context. The empirical study`s strategy is based on five Brazilian case studies with industrial companies. Face-to-face interviews and informal conversations are to be held, explanations made by e-mail with representatives from the purchasing, environmental management, logistics and other areas, and observation and the collection of company documents are also employed. Findings - Based on the cases, it is concluded that companies still use traditional criteria to select suppliers, such as quality and cost, and do not adopt environmental requirements in the supplier selection process in a uniform manner. Evidence found shows that the level of environmental management maturity influences the depth with which companies adopt environmental criteria when selecting suppliers. Thus...

Critérios de seleção de fornecedores para relacionamentos de parceria: um estudo em empresas de grande porte; Supplier selection criteria for partnering relationships: a study in big size companies

Furtado, Gustavo Adolfo Pudenci
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/12/2005 PT
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Esta dissertação buscou identificar junto a empresas de grande porte quais os critérios de seleção de fornecedores que são considerados mais importantes quando se deseja construir relacionamentos de parceria dentro da cadeia de suprimentos. A revisão de literatura foi dividida em três grandes partes. Na primeira parte procurou-se abordar aspectos da gestão de suprimentos que são relevantes para o tema, como organização de compras, classificação de tipos de produtos e tipos de relacionamentos entre empresas, onde as características teóricas das parcerias com fornecedores foram exploradas. A segunda parte foca as características do processo de seleção de fornecedores. A terceira parte é dedicada ao estudo dos critérios encontrados na literatura para a escolha da mais adequada fonte de suprimentos. A consolidação desta parte do trabalho resultou na apresentação de uma lista com 45 critérios de seleção de fornecedores e suas respectivas definições para uniformização de abrangência e compreensão dos critérios. Com base nesta lista, a pesquisa foi conduzida na forma de estudo de casos junto às Gerências de Suprimentos de três empresas de grande porte com operações no mercado brasileiro de bens industriais e de consumo. Através de questionários e entrevistas foram identificados 17 critérios como sendo os mais importantes para o processo de seleção parceiros. A pesquisa também encontrou que os conceitos de parcerias com fornecedores são definidos pelas realidades de mercado de cada empresa e não convergem para os conceitos apresentados na literatura acadêmica. Parcerias vêm sendo definidas somente como relacionamentos de longo prazo com fornecedores em detrimento de qualquer outro atributo referenciado pela literatura acadêmica. Portanto...

Uso da lógica fuzzy para avaliação e desenvolvimento de fornecedores baseado em modelos de portfólio; Using fuzzy logic for supplier evaluation and development based on portfolio models

Osiro, Lauro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/01/2013 PT
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37.28%
A gestão de fornecedores é uma atividade crítica para a gestão do desempenho de empresas inseridas em redes produtivas. O modelo de segmentação ou portfólio de compras é definido como um processo de separação de fornecedores em grupos em função de diferentes necessidades e características, requerendo diferentes tipos de relacionamentos. Esta técnica tem recebido uma atenção cada vez maior no meio acadêmico e empresarial devido a sua estrutura simples e eficaz na organização de diferentes estratégias de suprimentos. Diferentes propostas de modelos têm sido apresentadas, mas todas com grande presença de variáveis qualitativas. Embora a teoria da lógica fuzzy tenha se demosnstrada adequada no tratamento deste tipo de variável, que tem forte presença de incerteza e imprecisão na coleta e tratamento dos dados, não há na literatura uma investigação de como um sistema de inferência fuzzy poderia ser utilizado em um modelo de portfólio de compras. Desta forma, este trabalho tem por objetivo a proposição de um sistema de inferência fuzzy para auxiliar no processo de tomada de decisão na avaliação e desenvolvimento de fornecedores baseado em modelos de portfolio. Busca-se contribuir com o conhecimento das pesquisas cujo tema envolve a segmentação...

Comparação entre os métodos Fuzzy TOPSIS e Fuzzy AHP no apoio à tomada de decisão para seleção de fornecedores; A comparative analysis of the methods Fuzzy TOPSIS and Fuzzy AHP to supplier selection

Lima Junior, Francisco Rodrigues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/02/2013 PT
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37.38%
A seleção de fornecedores tem impacto significante no custo e na qualidade de produtos manufaturados. Por isso, a seleção de fornecedores passou a ser vista como uma atividade bastante crítica para o desempenho da empresa compradora. Muitos estudos da literatura propõem o uso dos métodos multicritério fuzzy TOPSIS (Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution) e fuzzy AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) para apoiar a seleção de fornecedores. Contudo, não são encontrados estudos que avaliem o desempenho destes métodos quando usados neste domínio de problema. Diante desta lacuna, este estudo compara os métodos fuzzy TOPSIS (CHEN, 2000) e fuzzy AHP (CHANG, 1996) no apoio à seleção de fornecedores. Esta pesquisa utiliza uma abordagem quantitativa descritiva empírica, baseada em modelagem e simulação. Os métodos fuzzy TOPSIS e fuzzy AHP foram aplicados em um caso ilustrativo de seleção de fornecedores. O desempenho dos fornecedores e o peso dos critérios foram avaliados por um especialista de uma empresa. Modelos de simulação foram implementados usando MATLAB® e aplicados na seleção de fornecedores de uma empresa de uma cadeia de suprimentos automotiva. Cinco fornecedores foram avaliados em relação à qualidade...

Is what you say what you do? Analyzing and comparing the effect of buyer-supplier relationship in the Brazilian and Chinese supplier selection criteria

Chen, Yen-Tsang
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
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Choosing properly and efficiently a supplier has been challenging practitioners and academics since 1960’s. Since then, countless studies had been performed and relevant changes in the business scenario were considered such as global sourcing, quality-orientation, just-in-time practices. It is almost consensus that quality should be the selection driver, however, some polemical findings questioned this general agreement. Therefore, one of the objectives of the study was to identify the supplier selection criteria and bring this discussion back again. Moreover, Dickson (1966) suggested existing business relationship as selection criterion, then it was reviewed the importance of business relationship for the company and noted a set of potential negative effects that could rise from it. By considering these side effects of relationship, this research aimed to investigate how the relationship could influence the supplier selection and how its harmful effects could affect the selection process. The impact of this phenomenon was investigated cross-nationally. The research strategy adopted was a controlled experiment via vignette combined with discrete choice analysis. The data collections were performed in China and Brazil. By examining the results...

The influence of supplier partnership in the new product development process : a literature review

Sarges, Simone Ribeiro; Romero, Fernando
Fonte: International Conference on Quality Engineering and Management Publicador: International Conference on Quality Engineering and Management
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /09/2014 ENG
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From the literature review of studies addressing issues related to the participation and influence of suppliers in the new product development process, several key themes which affect the issue under study are identified and detailed, highlighting the factors that contribute to the better or worse performance of these partnerships. The intention is to clarify the main problems and the main issues that have guided research concerning this specific and important form of collaboration. This study is, as such, a synthesis of the literature. The main research themes that were identified related to supplier involvement in NPD are the choice of the supplier, the quality of the partnership and the issue of integration. This study also presents the main proposals, extracted from the literature, for lines of future research.

Strategic Supplier Segmentation: A model for managing suppliers in the 21st Century

Cho, Dong Sung; Chu, Wujin; Dyer, Jeffrey
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Formato: 1404652 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
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This study of 453 supplier-automaker relationships in the U. S., Japan, and Korea examines the extent to which automakers manage their "arms-length" and "partner" suppliers differently. The findings indicate that U.S. automakers have historically managed all of their suppliers in an arms-length fhshion, Korean automakers have managed all suppliers as partners, and Japanese automakers have segmented their suppliers and have somewhat different relationships depending on the nature of the component. Only Japanese automakers (Toyota and Nissan) have strategically segmented suppliers in such a way as to realize the benefits of both the arms-length and partner models of supplier management. We argue that firms should think strategically about supplier management, and perhaps should not have a "one size fits all" strategy for supplier management.

The Economic Value of Trust in Supplier-Buyer Relationships

Chu, Wujin; Dyer, Jeffrey
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Formato: 1737436 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
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In this paper we investigate the relationship between supplier trust in the buyer and transaction costs, information sharing, and re[ation-specific investments in a sample of 453 supplier automaker exchange relationships in the U. S., Japan, and Korea. Our findings indicate that trust reduces transaction costs and increases information sharing in supplier-buyer relationships. Moreover, the findings suggest that the economic value created for transactors, in terms of lower transaction costs, may be substantial. In particular, we found that the automaker with the least trusting supplier relations spent twice as much of its face-to-face interaction time with suppliers on ex ante contracting and ex post haggling when compared to the most trusted automakers. This translated into procurement (transaction) costs which were as much as five times higher for the least trusted automaker compared to the most trusted automaker. Finally, we argue that trust is unique as a governance mechanism because it not only minimizes transaction costs, but also has a mutually causal relationship with other behaviors (i.e. information sharing. buyer technical assistance) that create value in the exchange relationship. Other governance mechanisms (e. g.. contracts. financial hostages) are necessary costs incurred to prevent opportunistic behavior but do not create value beyond transaction cost minimization. Thus...

The Determinants of Inter-Firm trust in Supplier-Automaker Relationships In the U.S., Japan, and Korea

Chu, Wujin; Dyer, Jeffrey
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Formato: 2104145 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
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In this paper we examine the determinants of supplier trust in the buyer in 453supplier-automaker relationships in the U. S., Japan, and Korea. We define trust and derive a model of its determinants drawing upon (1) an embeddedness (relationship-based) perspective, (2) a processbased perspective, and an (3) economic (hostage-based) perspective. Our findings indicate strong support for the process-based perspective in all countries; embeddedness (e.g., length of relationship) was only important as a determinant of trust in Japan, and the hostage-based variable (stock ownership) was not important in any country. More specifically, we found that high supplier trust emerges when (1) automakers have developed supplier-selection routines that favor incumbents and which maintain a continuing (repeated) exchange relationship with the supplier, and (2) automakers have developed assistance-giving routines to help suppliers solve problems and improve. Although there were some differences across institutional environments, notably higher trust in Japan, the findings are quite robust across the institutional environments. Indeed, in a sample of U.S. suppliers selling to both U.S. and Japanese automakers in the United States, we found that Japanese automakers were more effective than U.S. automakers at building trusting relations with U.S. suppliers. The ability of Japanese automakers to build high levels of trust with suppliers in the United States suggests that the institutional environment may be less important than firm-level practices in the production of inter-organizational trust.

Finding a Place in the Automotive Supplier Hierarchy In the Year 2000 and Beyond

Pilorusso, F.
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Formato: 1352357 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
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The global automotive supplier industry is undergoing a major restructuring and consolidation. The defining characteristics of the industry in the year 2000 and beyond will be fewer suppliers at all levels of the supply chain, but especially among the ranks of direct suppliers to the motor vehicle manufacturers. Direct suppliers will consist primarily of systems integrators that are capable of designing, manufacturing and delivering complete modules to motor vehicle assembly plants. Many of the systems integrators will have global reach. Since there will be relatively few systems integrators, suppliers that do not become an integral part of a systems integrator must either carve out a position as an indirect supplier in the supplier hierarchy that evolves or leave the business. In order to remain part of the automotive supplier base in the long term all suppliers must decide where they will best fit in the supplier hierarchy and determine what they must do to survive the transition and position themselves to thrive after the restructuring and consolidation of the supply base is complete. In this paper the options available to Canadian suppliers and the strategies that some of them are following to position themselves in the year 2000 and beyond are explored. The objective of the research is to identify some of the elements of successful strategies for suppliers at various levels in the supplier hierarchy.

The Determinants and Economic Outcomes of Trust in Supplier-Buyer Relations

Dyer, Jeffrey; Chu, Wujin
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Formato: 2416348 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
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In this paper we examine the antecedents and outcomes of supplier trust in 453 supplier-automaker relationships in the U.S., Japan and Korea. Our findings indicate that high supplier trust emerges when (1) automakers have developed assistance-giving routines to help suppliers improve, and (2) automakers maintain a continuing (repeated) exchange relationship with the supplier. We also found that trust reduces transaction costs and increases information sharing in supplier-buyer relationships. Moreover, the findings suggest that the economic value created for tmnsactors may be substantial as evidenced by the fact that the automaker with the least trusting supplier relations had five times the procurement costs and spent tice as much of its face-to-face interaction time with suppliers on ex ante contracting and ex post haggling when compared to the most trusted automakers. Thus, our findings suggest that trust in supplier-buyer relations can create economic value and may be an important source of competitive advantage.

The Determinants of Interfirm Trust: Evidence from Supplier Automaker Relationships in the U.S., Japan and Korea

Chu, Wujin; Dyer, Jeffrey H.
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Formato: 76314 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
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The determinants of interfirm trust are examined in 453 supplier automaker relationships in the U.S., Japan, and Korea. The findings indicate high supplier trust emerges when (1) suppliers receive assistance from the automaker, (2) the automaker has a track record of maintaining a continuing (repeated) exchange relationship with the supplier. Although there were some differences across institutional environments, notably higher trust in Japan, the findings are robust across the three institutional environments. Indeed, in a sample of U.S. suppliers that worked with both U.S. and Japanese automakers in the United States, we found that Japanese automakers were more effective than U.S. automakers at building trusting relations with U.S. suppliers. Thus, firm level practices appear to be more important than the institutional environment in the development of interfirm trust. A central issue in the literature on strategic alliances and interfirm cooperation is how firms create trust and control opportunism, particularly when the transactors have made investments in transaction specific assets. Under these conditions, trust has been described as an important antecedent to interorganizational cooperation and economic efficiency (Sako, 1991; Smith...

Alternative Component Sourcing Strategies within the Manufacturer-Supplier Network: Benefits of Quasi-Market Strategy in the Japanese Automobile Industry

Nobeoka, Kentaro
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Formato: 30732 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
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This study examines the component sourcing strategy of the Japanese automobile manufacturers, focusing on the sourcing concentration and the sharing common suppliers with competitors. We have analyzed sourcing strategy of six Japanese car assemblers (Toyota, Nissan, Honda, Mitsubishi, Mazda, and Suzuki) regarding 95 components. We have found that firms using a broad manufacturer-supplier network tend to be more profitable. In other words, firms with a low sourcing concentration and a high supplier sharing, which are the characteristics of quasi-market strategy, tend to perform better than the other firms. Among the six manufacturers, Toyota, Mitsubishi, and Suzuki were categolized as firms that followed quasi-market strategy. We believe that this finding is interesting because this relationship has been found in the context of the Japanese supplier-assembler relationship. The Japanese cooperative inter-firm relationship is supposed to be beneficial to suppliers, as well as to assemblers. It is commonly considered that a relatively exclusive keiretsu system facilitates these close inter-firm ties. However, the results in this study imply that a few leading Japanese automobile manufacturers may have management capabilities in benefiting from both a relatively broad supplier base and cooperative relationship with individual suppliers.

Past performance in supplier certification program : a study of current certification and incentive practices in certified supplier programs

Ambrose, Matthew H
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
ENG
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Since the mid l98Os both Government and private sector buying organizations have used certified supplier programs to improve the quality of their supplier base. Certified supplier programs improve a company's suppliers by requiring and recognizing excellent quality practices and by eliminating poor quality suppliers. This study examines current commercial and Government certified supplier programs, including the Army Contractor Performance Certification Program CP(2), in order to find successful certification techniques and recommend improvements to CP(2). Some of the better practices currently in use are: requiring a high level of past quality performance for certification, giving certified contractors more future business as an incentive for participation, and using ISO 9001 as the common standard for quality management processes. By adopting these techniques, the Army can improve CP(2) and make it an even more valuable program; http://archive.org/details/pastperformancei00ambr; Captain, United States Army

The Influence of Customer Scope on Supplier Learning and Performance in the Japanese Automobile Industry

Nobeoka, Kentaro; Dyer, Jeffrey
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Formato: 1715640 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
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Most studies on Japanese supplier-automaker relationships have focused on the nature of the dyadic inter-firm relationship and the performance of the assembler. We examine the relationship between a Japanese supplier's "customer scope strategy" (i.e. number of customers) and the supplier's performance. By analyzing data on 125 suppliers, we found that a supplier with broad automotive customer scope tends to be more profitable and is better off with less exclusive ties. This relationship held even after controlling for supplier size, product type, and the underlying competitiveness/efficiency of each supplier. We argue that a broad customer scope strategy Ieads to superior performance primarily due to learning opportunities. This finding highlights a key liability of vertical integration since integration of inputs often limits the ability of in-house divisions to access new customers. However, there is a limit to the advantages of a broad customer base, since sales to 'unrelated customers' (e.g., non-automotive) did not have a significant impact on performance. In short, there appear to be diminishing returns to customer scope as suppliers add 'dissimilar' customers with requirements farther from their core knowledge domain. Thus, these findings offer empirical support for the knowledge based view of the firm which suggests that the efficient boundaries of firms are driven by knowledge domains/considerations. Our findings also suggest that studies that focus only on the advantages of long-term cooperative relationships may be misleading if interpreted to mean that an exclusive supplier-assembler relationship is the optimal solution for the supplier.

Third Party Nuclear Liability: The Case of a Supplier in the United Kingdom

Thomas, Anthony; Heffron, Raphael J.
Fonte: Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge, UK Publicador: Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge, UK
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
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The law surrounding third party nuclear liability is important to all parties in the nuclear supply chain whether they are providing decommissioning services, project management expertise or a new reactor. This paper examines third party nuclear liability, and in particular, in relation to a Supplier in the nuclear energy sector in the United Kingdom (UK). The term "Supplier" is used in this paper and, depending on the context, is intended to cover all parties in the supply chain providing services, equipment or technology (e.g. the EPC contractor, the reactor vender, the owner engineer, architect engineer, or the Parent Body Organisation responsible for decommissioning one the UK legacy nuclear installations). With a return to nuclear new build expected in the UK, the clarification of the position of a Supplier and their potential to be liable for nuclear damage is of vital importance for a functioning nuclear supply chain. The research explores the nuclear liability legislation in the UK and identifies the gaps and limitations in existence. The latter problems pose a risk for the Suppliers to operators in the nuclear energy industry, and consequently some approaches that can mitigate those risks are advanced and assessed. The nuclear liability regime in the UK is largely based on international conventions and hence...

Multi-object decision making for supplier selection in outsourcing

Mohile, Pushpen K.
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
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A supply chain is the system of organizations, people, technology, activities, information, and resources involved in moving a product or service from supplier to customer. The main and basic challenges in the supply chain are to plan a strategy to manage the resources and meet the demands, to select the suppliers that will deliver the goods and services that are required to build the product, to manufacture the product, to deliver the product to the customers and to make an arrangement for return of the products through customers if there is any fault in the product for servicing. This thesis study concentrates on supplier selection problem. Recently, outsourcing has become the prime part of the company. The activities which are not core to the business or not feasible to manufacture in-house are being outsourced to suitable suppliers. The major hurdle in outsourcing is to select a suitable supplier. The right supplier will lead to the fulfillment of the company’s needs and will help increase the financial stability as well as the reputation of the company in the market. The selection of suppliers depends on number of criteria and it is possible that one supplier satisfies some of the selected criteria, a company is looking in to...

Benefits of a supplier packaging guideline

Waxmonsky, Kristin
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.46%
The purpose of this study was to record and analyze the benefits a company can gain by developing and implementing a Supplier Packaging Guideline. Many of the examples published online are available for evaluation, however there are no recorded results or development methodology for these. Fifty-nine industry professionals were surveyed regarding their current use of Supplier Packaging Guidelines. The following conclusions were made based on all applicable research: 1. Supplier Packaging Guidelines are in use by many companies in the United States. a. Survey shows 73 percent of the population uses this type of reference document. b. Of the documents currently released most are in the age range of 1 - 14 years. 2. The use of Supplier Packaging Guidelines is not solely dependent on the operation of Internal Packaging Departments. a. Eighty percent of companies who do not have an Internal Packaging Department use a Supplier Packaging Guideline. 3. The conducted survey shows that companies with 10 suppliers or less are more likely to not use a Supplier Packaging Guideline. 4. Most companies in the Unites Stated work with international suppliers. a. Survey shows 90 percent use at least one International Supplier. b. China is the most frequently used International Supplier. 5. Majority of companies that have international suppliers use Supplier Packaging Guidelines. a. Survey shows 73 percent of companies with International Suppliers have a Supplier Packaging Guideline. 6. The companies who participated in this survey that have 200+ suppliers represent every industry type. a. The average number of companies who have 200+ suppliers is 54.5 percent per industry type. 7. Majority of the guidelines represented by this survey population are rated a three or higher (scale from 1 - 5) for guideline detail level. a. There is no obvious correlation between guideline detail level and industry type. 8. The average number of benefits realized by the companies who use Supplier Packaging Guidelines is 3.72. a. High majority of companies using Supplier Packaging Guidelines recorded more than one benefit. b. There is no recognizable correlation between detail level and number of benefits realized.

Relations between national culture dimensions the supplier integration in the product-process-supply chain triad: case study of the modular consortium; Relações entre as dimensões da cultura nacional e a integração do fornecedor na tríade produto-processo-cadeia de suprimentos: estudo de caso do consórcio modular

Rodrigues, Fausto Perez
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/10/2015 EN
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In the rapid pace of globalization and new market competition, the New Product Development (NPD) and the Supply Chain Management (SCM) represent today a frontier to obtain competitive advantages to companies. One interface between NPD and the SCM, the Supplier Integration (SI) has proved to be effective as competitive advantage. However, there is a lack of research on how human variables, such as national culture, can moderate the effectiveness of Supplier Integration on those fields. Therefore, this study investigates the relationships between Supplier Integration from the Product-Process-Supply Chain triad and the National Culture Dimensions. I conducted an exploratory case study in 3 companies in the automobilist industry that operates as a Modular Consortium (MC) in Southern Brazil and used the Hofstede´s (2001) national culture dimensions to model national cultural factors. The findings show an evident relation between Supplier Integration with the Low Power Distance, Low Individualism and High Uncertainty Avoidance poles, while no Masculinity and Longterm Orientation pole was distinct for the Supplier Integration in the case study. The managerial implications of this study is to provide a better understanding of the potential impact of human factor to the Supplier Integration in companies that will have operations in Brazil.; No ritmo acelerado da globalização e nova concorrência no mercado...