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How do families of adolescents with suicidal ideation behave?

Pereira, Maria Gouveia; Abreu, Sonia; Martins, Cláudia
Fonte: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.27%
The purpose of this study is to analyze how family systems infl uence adolescents’ suicidal ideation. The participants were 534 adolescents (51.1% female and 48.9% male), with ages ranging from 14 to 18 years (M=16.18; SD=1.14). The instruments used were the following: Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale, Psychological Separation Inventory and Questionnaire of Suicidal Ideation. Results have shown that adolescents with higher suicidal ideation belong to the so-called unbalanced families (with low cohesion and fl exibility) and have a confl ictual dependence to their parents. On the other hand, adolescents that belong to balanced families revealed lower suicidal ideation. In conclusion, the family’s cohesion and fl exibility are protective factors against adolescents’ suicidal ideation.; ABSTRACT: O objetivo deste estudo é analisar de que forma o funcionamento familiar infl uencia a ideação suicida na adolescência. Para tal, analisámos a coesão e adaptabilidade familiar, assim como a independência confl itual. Participaram neste estudo 534 adolescentes (51,1% raparigas e 48,9% rapazes), com idades compreendidas entre 14 e 18 anos (M=16,18; DP=1,14). Os instrumentos utilizados foram: Escala de Adaptabilidade e Coesão Familiar; Inventário Separação Psicológica e Questionário Ideação Suicida. Os resultados mostraram que os adolescentes com maior ideação suicida pertencem a famílias desequilibradas (coesão e adaptabilidade baixa) e têm uma forte dependência confl itual a ambos os pais. Os adolescentes pertencentes a famílias equilibradas revelaram menor ideação suicida. A coesão e a capacidade adaptativa da família são fatores protetores da ideação suicida.

The relationship between sleep quality, depression, and anxiety in patients with epilepsy and suicidal ideation

Wigg,Cristina Maria Duarte; Filgueiras,Alberto; Gomes,Marleide da Mota
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.29%
The relationships among suicidal ideation, sleep, depression, anxiety, and effects on epilepsy require more research. Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of suicidal ideation in outpatients with epilepsy, and relate this to sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, depression, and anxiety. Method: Ninety-eight non-selected patients were evaluated. The subjects were classified as “suicidal ideators” or “non-ideators”, based on their response to item 9 of the Beck Depression Inventory. Results: The prevalence of suicidal ideation was 13.3% (χ2=50.46, p<0.001). The differences between cases with or without suicidal ideation were statistically significant in relation to sleep quality (p=0.005) and symptoms of depression (p=0.001) and anxiety (p=0.002). Conclusion: Our results revealed that depression and anxiety were associated with sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, and suicidal ideation and that depression and sleep disturbance were good predictors of suicide in subjects with epilepsy.

Women with HIV: gender violence and suicidal ideation

Ceccon,Roger Flores; Meneghel,Stela Nazareth; Hirakata,Vania Naomi
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.35%
OBJECTIVE To analyze the relationship between gender violence and suicidal ideation in women with HIV. METHODS A cross-sectional study with 161 users of specialized HIV/AIDS care services. The study investigated the presence of gender violence through the Brazilian version of the World Health Organization Violence against Women instrument, and suicidal ideation through the Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire. Statistical analyses were performed with the SPSS software, using the Chi-square test and Poisson multiple regression model. RESULTS Eighty-two women with HIV reported suicidal ideation (50.0%), 78 (95.0%) of who had suffered gender violence. Age at first sexual intercourse < 15 years old, high number of children, poverty, living with HIV for long, and presence of violence were statistically associated with suicidal ideation. Women who suffered gender violence showed 5.7 times more risk of manifesting suicidal ideation. CONCLUSIONS Women with HIV showed a high prevalence to gender violence and suicidal ideation. Understanding the relationship between these two grievances may contribute to the comprehensive care of these women and implementation of actions to prevent violence and suicide.

Peripheral chemokine levels in women with recurrent major depression with suicidal ideation

Grassi-Oliveira,Rodrigo; Brieztke,Elisa; Teixeira,Antônio; Pezzi,Júlio Carlos; Zanini,Márcio; Lopes,Rodrigo Pestana; Bauer,Moisés Evandro
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.31%
OBJECTIVE: To compare serum levels of MCP-1/CCL2, RANTES/CCL5, and Eotaxin/CCL11 between female patients with recurrent major depressive disorder (MDD) and healthy controls, verifying if there is a difference in the levels of these mediators between those with or without current suicidal ideation. METHODS: Thirty female outpatients with recurrent MDD were divided in two groups accordingly the presence or absence of suicidal ideation. These groups were compared with 16 healthy controls. Serum levels of MCP-1/CCL2, RANTES/CCL5, and Eotaxin/CCL11 were determined. Depression severity was evaluated by Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Suicidal ideation was assessed by SCID-I and BDI. RESULTS: Patients with recurrent MDD and healthy controls did not differ in age, socioeconomic status, and education. All patients reported high scores of BDI (mean, SD, n; 29.75, 10.55, 28). Multivariable analysis of covariance adjusted for age and BMI showed that MDD patients with suicidal ideation presented lower levels of MCP-1/ CCL2 and RANTES/CCL5 (p < 0.001) and higher levels of Eotaxin/CCL11 (p = 0.04) compared to healthy controls. These differences remained significant after adjusting for depression severity. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study indicated that the presence of recurrent MDD with suicidal ideation is associated with differences in inflammatory chemokines when compared to those without suicidal ideation.

Suicidal ideation and unemployment: A prospective longitudinal study

Goldney, R.; Winefield, A.; Tiggemann, M.; Winefield, H.
Fonte: Kluwer Academic Publishers Publicador: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1995 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.21%
A prospective longitudinal study between 1980 and 1988 of school leavers entering adulthood examined unemployment and its relationship to suicidal ideation and a number of psychometric variables. The findings did not support an association between unemployment and suicidal ideation in young adults. However, there was an association between dissatisfaction with employment and suicidal ideation. These results suggest that suicidal ideation is related to more enduring personality and health related issues, although it must be acknowledged that individual patients may be distressed by their employment status.

Suicidal ideation in a ransom community sample: attributable risk due to depression and pyschosocial and traumatic events

Goldney, R.; Wilson, D.; DalGrande, E.; Fisher, L.; McFarlane, A.
Fonte: Blackwell Science Asia Publicador: Blackwell Science Asia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.43%
OBJECTIVE: To determine the attributable risk for suicidal ideation of depression and psychosocial and traumatic events in a random and representative population. METHOD: Data were gathered from a random and representative sample of 2501 South Australians. Suicidal ideation and clinical depression were determined by the general health questionnaire (GHQ-28) and the short-form health survey (SF-12) respectively, and information regarding psychosocial stressors and traumatic events was collated. These data were subjected to univariate and multivariate analyses to determine the population-attributable risks for suicidal ideation. RESULTS: Overall, 5.6% of men and 5.3% of women had suicidal ideation. Univariate analyses demonstrated a significant attributable risk for suicidal ideation for depression and the majority of the psychosocial and traumatic events. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that clinical depression remained significantly associated with suicidal ideation, with a population-attributable risk of 46.9%. Because of the small number of people in the population who experience both suicidal ideation and specific events, multivariate analysis could not be applied to individual events. However, even when the psychosocial events were summed...

Population attributable risk of major depression for suicidal ideation in a random and representative community sample

Goldney, R.; DalGrande, E.; Fisher, L.; Wilson, D.
Fonte: Elsevier Science BV Publicador: Elsevier Science BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.36%
BACKGROUND: The importance of depression in suicidal behaviour and suicidal ideation is usually determined on clinical samples. However, public health planning also requires population data. This study utilised the population attributable risk statistic in determining the importance of major depression as a contributing factor to suicidal ideation in a random and representative sample of the population. METHOD: Major depression and suicidal ideation as well as demographic and clinical data were delineated in a random and representative population sample of 3010 subjects. The population attributable risk statistic was used to determine the contribution of major depression to suicidal ideation. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis demonstrated that major depression was the major contributor to the risk for suicidal ideation with a population attributable risk of 56.6%. CONCLUSIONS: These results, utilising different measures of depression and suicidal ideation to those few previous population attributable risk studies examining this issue, confirm the overwhelming importance of major depression as a contributing factor to suicidal ideation in the community.; http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/506077/description#description; Robert D. Goldney...

Detecting determinants of suicidal ideation: South Australian surveillance system results

Taylor, A.; DalGrande, E.; Gill, T.; Fisher, L.; Goldney, R.
Fonte: Birkhauser Verlag Ag Publicador: Birkhauser Verlag Ag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.35%
Objective: To determine the self reported prevalence of suicidal ideation in South Australia and to examine the relationship of suicidal ideation with a range of risk, social and demographic factors and related health issues using data collected in a risk factor surveillance system. Method: Data were collected using a monthly risk factor surveillance system where each month a representative random sample of South Australian is selected from the Electronic White Pages with interviews conducted using computer assisted telephone interviewing (CATI). Results: In total, 4.7% of South Australian, aged 16 years and over, were determined to have suicidal ideation. There was no change in the trend over the years when surveys between 1997 and 2005 were compared. A wide range of variables were significant with suicidal ideation at the univariate level. In the final multivariate model, marital status, money situation, psychosocial stress (K10), physical activity, fruit consumption, health service use and mental health service use proved to be best joint predictors of suicidal ideation. Conclusions: Suicidal ideation in the community has not increased (or decreased) over time and questions assessing suicidal ideation can be used effectively in a surveillance system.; Anne Taylor...

Relationships between body mass index, mental health, and suicidal ideation: population perspective using two methods

Goldney, R.; Dunn, K.; Air, T.; DalGrande, E.; Taylor, A.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Asia Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Asia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.27%
Objective: The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI), mental health, and suicidal ideation in a general population. Method: Two random and representative samples were drawn from the South Australian population. The interview techniques differed, as did the measures of depression and suicidality. One involved 3034 people in face-to-face interviews, and the other involved 30 214 persons providing information via a computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) system. BMI was classified according to World Health Organization criteria. In face-to-face interviews, major depression was defined by the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD) and suicidal ideation by direct enquiry. In the CATI data, psychological distress was assessed on the Kessler 10 instrument and suicidal ideation by four items on the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). Data analysis controlled for demographic and physical health variables. Results: In the face-to-face interviews, the combined obese and morbidly obese men were significantly less likely to have major depression or suicidal ideation than those of a healthy weight. For the telephone interview-derived data, the only significant finding was for overweight women to report less psychological distress than those of a healthy weight. Conclusions: It is no longer tenable to assume that increased BMI is necessarily associated with major depression...

Suicidal Ideation The Clinical Utility of the K10

Chamberlain, P.; Goldney, R.; Delfabbro, P.; Gill, T.; DalGrande, E.
Fonte: Hogrefe and Huber Publishers Publicador: Hogrefe and Huber Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.42%
BACKGROUND: Suicidal ideation is an important risk factor for suicide attempts and completions, and early identification of the likely presence of self-harm cognitions would benefit clients and clinicians alike. This study examined the clinical utility of the Kessler K10 psychological distress score as an indicator of suicidal ideation. METHODS: Suicidal ideation was assessed on the basis of four relevant questions contained in the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), and these were subsequently analyzed against the K10 scores. The data were collected using a monthly risk-factor surveillance system where each month a representative random sample of South Australians over the age of 16 years is interviewed. The cumulative data covered the period 2002 to 2007 (n = 12,884). RESULTS: Psychological distress and suicidal ideation were reported by 9.9% and 5.1% of the participants, respectively. Univariate analysis demonstrated a positive linear relationship between the K10 score and suicidal ideation. Participants scoring in the very high range of the K10 were more likely to report suicidal ideation and this was experienced with greater frequency than by those who were less distressed. A logistic regression analysis revealed that even those in the moderate category were four times more likely to experience suicidal ideation than those in the low category...

Prevalence of suicidal ideation and associated factors among HIV-positive MSM in Anhui, China

Wu, Y.L.; Yang, H.Y.; Wang, J.; Yao, H.; Zhao, X.; Chen, J.; Ding, X.X.; Zhang, H.B.; Bi, P.; Sun, Y.H.
Fonte: Sage Publications Publicador: Sage Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.24%
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with suicidal ideation among HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) in Anhui, China. A cross-sectional study was conducted to recruit HIV-positive MSM in Anhui, China. A total of 184 HIV-positive MSM gave informed consent and completed the interview. Correlates of suicidal ideation were assessed using multivariable logistic regression. Fifty-seven (31%) of HIV-positive MSM had suicidal ideations within six months before the interview. Multivariable analyses showed that learning of their HIV status in the past 12 months (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 3.4, 95% CI = 1.6-7.3), perceived HIV stigma (AOR = 2.4, 95% CI = 1.1-5.2), depression symptoms (AOR = 2.6, 95% CI = 1.1-5.9) and anxiety symptoms (AOR = 2.7, 95% CI = 1.2-6.1) were significantly associated with the suicidal ideation among HIV-positive MSM. The results indicated that suicidal ideation was common among HIV-positive MSM in Anhui, China. There is an urgent need to establish psychological counselling services among HIV-positive MSM in China. Targeting of these potential risk factors could be an effective approach to reduce the suicide risk among this high-risk subgroup by the implementation of early intervention measurements.; Yi-Le Wu...

Adaptação à prisão, psicopatologia e ideação suicida em mulheres reclusas; Adaptation to prison, psychopathology and suicidal ideation in women inmates

Nunes, Ana Rita Dias
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Publicado em //2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.31%
Dissertação de mestrado integrado em Psicologia; A relação entre o tempo de reclusão, a psicopatologia e a ideação suicida em mulheres reclusas não tem sido considerada. Este estudo teve como objetivos (1) analisar o efeito do tempo de pena cumprida na psicopatologia em mulheres reclusas e (2) analisar o efeito da psicopatologia na ideação suicida em mulheres reclusas. A amostra foi composta por 84 mulheres reclusas recrutadas num estabelecimento prisional em Portugal. Adotando uma metodologia transversal, as participantes completaram medidas de psicopatologia e ideação suicida. Os resultados revelaram (1) efeitos significativos do tempo de pena cumprida na psicopatologia em mulheres reclusas e (2) efeitos significativos da psicopatologia na ideação suicida em mulheres reclusas. As mulheres reclusas com pena cumprida por tempo inferior a 2.58 anos revelaram maiores níveis obsessões e compulsões, depressão, hostilidade e ansiedade fóbica. As mulheres reclusas com elevada somatização, obsessões e compulsões, sensibilidade interpessoal, depressão, ansiedade, hostilidade, ansiedade fóbica e total de psicopatologia revelaram níveis mais elevados de ideação suicida. Este estudo poderá ter sido um contributo para a literatura sobre a adaptação das mulheres ao meio prisional...

Relations between suicidal ideation, self esteem and social support in a sample of urban street female prostitutes

Teixeira, Alexandre; Oliveira, Alexandra; Santos, José Carlos Pereira dos
Fonte: IASP Publicador: IASP
Tipo: Outros
Publicado em 27/08/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.24%
Introduction Studies aiming to know the prevalence of suicidal behaviors and their relation to self esteem and social support in street female prostitutes are scarce are almost nonexistent. Method The research took place in the three major cities of Portugal: Oporto, Coimbra and Lisbon. For the prosecution of the objectives we used the following instruments: The Social Support Questionnaire 6 (SSQ6); The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES); The Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire (SIQ); and a semi-structured interview. This interview addresses women's suicidal behavior history and experience in prostitution. Results The results we obtained suggest that there is a correlation between suicide ideation and self esteem r=-.443, p<.001 as well as a correlation between suicide ideation and perception of social support available r=-.307, p<.01. For suicide ideation the existence of children t(27.7)=-2.26, p<.05, sexual victimization t(77)=-2.46, p<.05 and a mental health diagnosis t(77)=- 2.21, p<.05, seem to be a risk factor. Discussion The results we obtained, allow us a better understanding of the dynamics between self esteem, social support and suicide ideation in an urban sample of female street prostitutes, which may help in the intervention with this population...

Is a history of school bullying victimization associated with adult suicidal ideation? A South Australian population-based observational study

Roeger, L.; Allison, S.; Korossy-Horwood, R.; Eckert, K.; Goldney, R.
Fonte: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publicador: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.31%
The objective of this research was to determine whether a history of school bullying victimization is associated with suicidal ideation in adult life. A random and representative sample of 2907 South Australian adults was surveyed in Autumn, 2008. Respondents were asked "When you were at school, did you experience traumatic bullying by peers that was particularly severe, for example, being frequently targeted or routinely harassed in any way by 'bullies'?" Depression was determined by the mood module of the PRIME-MD which includes a suicidal ideation question; "In the last 2 weeks, have you had thoughts that you would be better off dead or hurting yourself in some way?" The overall prevalence of suicidal ideation in postschool age respondents was 3.4% (95% confidence interval: 2.8%-4.2%) in 2008. Bullying by peers was recalled by 18.7% (17.2%-20.3%). Respondents with a history of being bullied were approximately 3 times (odds ratio: 3.2) more likely to report suicidal ideation compared with those who did not. The association between being bullied and suicidal ideation remained after controlling for both depression and sociodemographic variables (odds ratio: 2.1). The results from the present research suggest that there is a strong association between a history of childhood bullying victimization and current suicidal ideation that persists across all ages. Bullying prevention programs in schools could hold the potential for longer lasting benefits in this important area of public health.; Leigh Roeger...

The association between suicidal ideation and increased mortality from natural causes

Batterham, Philip J.; Calear, Alison L.; Mackinnon, Andrew J.; Christensen, Helen
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 6 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.31%
Background: Despite strong evidence for increased suicide mortality among individuals experiencing thoughts of suicide, the effect of suicidal ideation on increased natural mortality has not been evaluated. The present study aimed to assess whether there is excess mortality from all natural causes or from specific natural causes that is attributable to suicidal ideation. Adjustments were made for a range of demographic, mental health and physical health measures to examine evidence for specific mechanisms of the relationship. Method: A community-based Australian cohort of 861 older adults was followed for up to 17 years. Vital status and cause of death were ascertained from a national death registry. Results: After adjusting for demographics, physical health and mental health, presence of suicidal ideation was associated with a 23% increase in the risk of mortality from natural causes (p=0.034). The increased mortality was largely attributable to heart disease deaths (hazard ratio=1A3, p=0.041). Limitations: There was a limited number of deaths from respiratory disease or stroke, and modest rates of suicidal ideation in the cohort. Assessment of suicidal ideation was brief, while adjustment for mental health symptoms relied on non-diagnostic measures. Conclusions: Although the relationship between suicidal ideation and mortality from natural causes was partly explained by physical and mental health status...

How do families of adolescents with suicidal ideation behave?

Gouveia-Pereira,Maria; Abreu,Sonia; Martins,Cláudia
Fonte: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.27%
The purpose of this study is to analyze how family systems influence adolescents' suicidal ideation. The participants were 534 adolescents (51.1% female and 48.9% male), with ages ranging from 14 to 18 years (M=16.18; SD=1.14). The instruments used were the following: Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale, Psychological Separation Inventory and Questionnaire of Suicidal Ideation. Results have shown that adolescents with higher suicidal ideation belong to the so-called unbalanced families (with low cohesion and flexibility) and have a conflictual dependence to their parents. On the other hand, adolescents that belong to balanced families revealed lower suicidal ideation. In conclusion, the family's cohesion and flexibility are protective factors against adolescents' suicidal ideation.

Risk factors for suicidal behavior in adolescence: the role of suicidal ideation

Ortín Peralta, Ana; Tobeña Pallarés, Adolf
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.36%
Introducción: La ideación suicida (IS) en adolecentes es un fenómeno complejo que incluye un continuo de severidad; sin embargo, esta complejidad ha permanecido inexplorada en la literatura. Todavía se desconoce como la IS progresa a lo largo del continuo de severidad (Estudio 1); y si características especificas de la IS predicen la transición a futuros intentos suicidas (Estudio 2). Objetivos: (Estudio 1) Explorar: 1) la distribución y progresión de la IS a lo largo de un continuo de severidad (ideación pasiva, ideación seria y plan suicida) en adolescentes evaluados 3 años consecutivos; 2) si las formas de IS, estatus de minoría, genero, o trastornos psiquiátricos en año 1 (T1), predicen IS durante los dos años siguientes (T2-3); 3) si estatus de minoría, genero, o trastornos psiquiátricos predicen IS en T2-3 en adolescentes sin conducta suicida en T1. (Estudio 2) Explorar: 1) si varias preguntas de un screening de IS predicen de forma diferente intento suicida durante un periodo de seguimiento de 4-6 años en adolescentes; 2) las características especificas de IS que predicen mejor un futuro intento suicida entre adolescentes con ideación en T1. Métodos: (Estudio 1) Adolescentes (N=1,221; 48% chicas) de 10-13 años en T1...

RCT of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy in active suicidal ideation-as feasibility study in Sri Lanka

Samaraweera,Sudath; Sivayogan,S.; Sumathipala,Athula; Bhugra,Dinesh; Siribaddana,Sisira
Fonte: The European Journal of Psychiatry Publicador: The European Journal of Psychiatry
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2007 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.24%
Background and Objectives: With one of the highest rates of suicide in the world and high rates of suicidal ideation in the population, we set out to pilot a study to ascertain whether it is possible to conduct a randomised controlled trial. Secondly we aimed to study whether Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for suicidal ideation is better than treatment as usual (TAU). Method: Those with suicidal ideation (identified by a population survey using GHQ-30 and Beck's suicidal ideation scale) were randomly allocated to 3-6 sessions of structured Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. The CBT was provided using a manual in primary care settings. Results: Of the two groups (CBT = 5, TAU = 4) the group which had received CBT showed a greater reduction in Beck's Suicidal Intent Score (from mean 11.2 to 0.2) and in GHQ-30 (from 22.0 to 10.8) in three months. Conclusions: The pilot study indicates that it is possible to conduct CBT and RCT in developing countries. The implications of this are discussed.

Self/other Perception Mediates Between Personality and Suicidal Ideation in Young Adults

Fino,Emanuele; Iliceto,Paolo; Sabatello,Ugo; Petrucci,Francesca; Candilera,Gabriella
Fonte: The European Journal of Psychiatry Publicador: The European Journal of Psychiatry
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.31%
Background and Objectives: Individual differences in vulnerability to suicidal ideation have been recently addressed to internal working models of attachment. However, to date, research has mainly focused on adolescents. Few studies have investigated the role of adult attachment and personality dimensions in suicidal ideation, either examined from a mediational perspective. In this study, we aimed at testing a theoretical model in which Self/other perception mediates between personality and suicidal ideation in young adults. Methods: Dimensions of Attachment (self/other perception), Personality (the Big Five factor model), and Suicidal Ideation (hopelessness and depression) were assessed in a community sample of 319 young adults from Northern Italy. Structural Equation Modeling and mediation analysis were conducted. Controlling for demographic variables (i.e., gender, age, education, and job), we tested three structural models. Results: The final model confirmed our hypothesis that self/other perception mediates between personality (high neuroticism and low extraversion) and suicidal ideation, providing excellent fit to data. Conclusions: In line with the conceptual framework of the Attachment Theory, findings suggest that failure to resolve attachment-related distress is related to the emergence of negative self/other models in adults. Such internal models are likely to attenuate the association between neuroticism and extraversion with depressive symptoms...

Women with HIV: gender violence and suicidal ideation

Ceccon,Roger Flores; Meneghel,Stela Nazareth; Hirakata,Vania Naomi
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.35%
OBJECTIVE To analyze the relationship between gender violence and suicidal ideation in women with HIV. METHODS A cross-sectional study with 161 users of specialized HIV/AIDS care services. The study investigated the presence of gender violence through the Brazilian version of the World Health Organization Violence against Women instrument, and suicidal ideation through the Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire. Statistical analyses were performed with the SPSS software, using the Chi-square test and Poisson multiple regression model. RESULTS Eighty-two women with HIV reported suicidal ideation (50.0%), 78 (95.0%) of who had suffered gender violence. Age at first sexual intercourse < 15 years old, high number of children, poverty, living with HIV for long, and presence of violence were statistically associated with suicidal ideation. Women who suffered gender violence showed 5.7 times more risk of manifesting suicidal ideation. CONCLUSIONS Women with HIV showed a high prevalence to gender violence and suicidal ideation. Understanding the relationship between these two grievances may contribute to the comprehensive care of these women and implementation of actions to prevent violence and suicide.