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Drug consumption among medical students in São Paulo, Brazil: influences of gender and academic year; Consumo de drogas entre estudantes de medicina em São Paulo: influências de gênero e ano letivo

OLIVEIRA, Lucio Garcia de; BARROSO, Lucia Pereira; WAGNER, Gabriela Arantes; PONCE, Julio de Carvalho; MALBERGIER, André; STEMPLIUK, Vladimir de Andrade; ANDRADE, Arthur Guerra de
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
OBJECTIVE: To analyze alcohol, tobacco and other drug use among medical students. METHOD: Over a five-year period (1996-2001), we evaluated 457 students at the Universidade de São Paulo School of Medicine, located in São Paulo, Brazil. The students participated by filling out an anonymous questionnaire on drug use (lifetime, previous 12 months and previous 30 days). The influence that gender and academic year have on drug use was also analyzed. RESULTS: During the study period, there was an increase in the use of illicit drugs, especially inhalants and amphetamines, among the medical students evaluated. Drug use (except that of marijuana and inhalants) was comparable between the genders, and academic year was an important influencing factor. DISCUSSION: Increased inhalant use was observed among the medical students, especially among males and students in the early undergraduate years. This is suggestive of a specific behavioral pattern among medical students. Our findings corroborate those of previous studies. CONCLUSION: Inhalant use is on the rise among medical students at the Universidade de São Paulo School of Medicine. Because of the negative health effects of illicit drug use, further studies are needed in order to deepen the understanding of this phenomenon and to facilitate the development of preventive measures.; OBJETIVO: Analisar o consumo de álcool...

Percepção e avaliação dos alunos do curso de medicina de uma escola médica pública sobre a importância do estágio em saúde da família na sua formação; Perception and evaluation of medical students of a public medical school regarding the importance of training in family health in their education

Campos, Maria Angelica de Figueiredo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/10/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
Introdução: Na Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo (FMRP-USP), o ensino no internato da Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) com enfoque em medicina de família iniciou-se em 1997. São promovidas a integração do aluno com a equipe de Programa de Saúde da Família (PSF) e a participação na rotina da equipe por meio dos grupos de educação em saúde, reuniões de equipe, visitas domiciliares, discussões de casos individuais e de família. O cuidado médico é realizado na consulta individual e no seguimento das famílias, sendo enfatizadas a prevenção e a promoção da saúde e a avaliação do paciente buscando a assistência integral. São poucos os estudos sobre a percepção dos alunos sobre a vivência nos estágios em saúde da família. Objetivos: Avaliar a percepção dos alunos do 5° ano de medicina do Curso de Medicina da FMRP-USP quanto à contribuição do estágio em Saúde da Família na formação em atenção primária. Metodologia: Os sujeitos do estudo foram alunos do 5º ano do Curso de Medicina da FMRP no ano de 2005, cuja idade médica foi 23 anos e dos quais 58,3% eram do sexo masculino. A esses alunos foi aplicado questionário estruturado antes e após o estágio. O questionário incluiu itens sobre dados pessoais...

Empatia em estudantes de medicina no Brasil: um estudo multicênico; Empathy among medical students in Brazil: a multi-centric study

Paro, Helena Borges Martins da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/09/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
INTRODUÇÃO: A empatia representa um dos domínios centrais das habilidades sociais e de comunicação e é frequentemente associada a melhores resultados diagnósticos e terapêuticos. Por esse motivo, as habilidades empáticas dos profissionais da área da saúde têm sido amplamente investigadas no contexto da educação médica. Nosso objetivo foi avaliar a empatia do estudante de medicina e sua associação com qualidade de vida, esgotamento profissional e sonolência diurna. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal randomizado de abrangência nacional, com a utilização de questionários de autorrelato validados para a avaliação de empatia (Escala Multidimensional de Reatividade Interpessoal de Davis - EMRI), qualidade de vida (The Whoqol Quality of Life Assessment - WHOQOL-BREF e Questionário para avaliar a qualidade de vida do estudante e residente da área da saúde - Veras-q), esgotamento profissional (Maslach Burnout Inventory - MBI) e sonolência diurna excessiva (Escala de Sonolência Diurna de Epworth - ESS) em uma plataforma eletrônica desenvolvida para o estudo - a plataforma VERAS. RESULTADOS: Dos 1.650 estudantes randomizados, 1.350 (81,8%) completaram todos os questionários da plataforma VERAS. Observamos importantes diferenças de gênero nos domínios consideração empática e angústia pessoal da EMRI...

Avaliação da percepção do ambiente de ensino e sua relação com a qualidade de vida em estudantes de medicina; Assessment of learning environment perception and its relationship to quality of life in medical students

Enns, Sylvia Claassen
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/11/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.22%
INTRODUÇÃO: O ambiente de ensino da faculdade de medicina influencia a aprendizagem e o bem-estar dos estudantes. O objetivo do nosso estudo foi avaliar a percepção do ambiente de ensino e sua associação com a qualidade de vida de estudantes de 22 escolas médicas brasileiras. MÉTODOS: Este é um estudo multicêntrico, com coleta de dados em uma plataforma eletrônica (plataforma VERAS), no qual foram utilizados os questionários: DREEM (Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure) para avaliação da percepção do ambiente de ensino e VERAS-Q, WHOQOL-BREF e a autoavaliação para a avaliação da percepção da qualidade de vida. Foram comparadas as diferenças de percepção do ambiente de ensino e qualidade de vida entre os sexos e os diferentes anos do curso. RESULTADOS: De 1.650 estudantes randomizados, 1.350 (81,8%) completaram todos os questionários da plataforma VERAS. A média do escore total do DREEM (119,4 ± 27,1) revelou que a percepção do ambiente de ensino é mais positiva que negativa. Houve uma pequena diferença significativa entre a média dos escores dos estudantes do sexo masculino (121,0 ± 27,2) e feminino (118,0 ± 27,0) (p=0,048). Estudantes do sexo feminino apresentaram médias dos escores significativamente menores nos domínios Acadêmico e Social do DREEM (p < 0...

Social support and common mental disorder among medical students

Silva, Adriano Gonçalves; Cerqueira, Ana Teresa De Abreu Ramos; Lima, Maria Cristina Pereira
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pós -Graduação em Saúde Coletiva Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pós -Graduação em Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 229-242
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
INTRODUÇÃO:Diferentes formas de sofrimento psíquico têm sido identificadas em estudantes da área da saúde, em especial no curso de Medicina.OBJETIVO:Estimar a prevalência de sofrimento psíquico entre estudantes de Medicina em uma faculdade no Sudeste do Brasil e avaliar sua associação com apoio social.MÉTODO:Trata-se de um estudo transversal. Foram aplicados questionários para alunos do 1º ao 6º ano do curso de Medicina da Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, investigando-se características demográficas relacionadas ao curso e à adaptação à cidade. Sofrimento psíquico foi investigado na forma de Transtorno Mental Comum (TMC), avaliado por meio do Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20). Apoio social foi avaliado com a Escala de Apoio Social (EAS). As associações entre o desfecho e as variáveis explanatórias foram analisadas por meio do teste do χ2 e, na análise multivariada, por meio da Regressão Logística, com p < 0,05.RESULTADOS:A taxa de resposta foi de 80,7%, não havendo diferença estatística entre a mostra e a população-alvo no que diz respeito ao gênero (p = 0,78). A média de idade foi de 22 anos (desvio padrão - DP = 2,2) com predomínio de mulheres (58,2%) e estudantes que vivem com amigos (62%). A prevalência de TMC foi de 44...

Stress and coping in a sample of medical students in Brazil

BASSOLS,ANA MARGARETH SIQUEIRA; CARNEIRO,BRUNA BRASIL; GUIMARÃES,GUILHERME CORREA; OKABAYASHI,LUCAS MESTRE SEIKI; CARVALHO,FELIPE GUTIERREZ; DA SILVA,ANAIS BACK; CORTES,GABRIELA NEUBARTH; ROHDE,LUIS AUGUSTO PAIM; EIZIRIK,CLAUDIO LAKS
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.15%
Background Medical training is a stressing situation, making medical students vulnerable to psychiatric disorders, such as depression and anxiety. Objective The study aimed to assess the prevalence of stress and coping in students of a public medical school in Brazil, comparing the groups from the first and sixth years of training. Methods Through a cross-sectional, observational study, a sample of 232 first and sixth-year regularly registered medical students has been evaluated. Students filled a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Lipp Inventory of Stress Symptoms (ISSL), and the Coping Strategies Inventory (CSI). Results From the total sample of 232 students, 110 were first-year students and 122 sixth-year students. Stress symptoms were significantly higher in first-year students (49.1%) than in the sixth-year group (33.6%; p = 0.018). Variables significantly associated with stress were: year of the training (1st year > 6th year), income (lower > higher income), satisfaction with the training (dissatisfied > satisfied) and the use of escape/avoidance copying strategy (positive association). Discussion Considering the higher stress symptoms among first-year medical students and the positive association of the escape/avoidance copying strategy with stress...

Social support and common mental disorder among medical students

Silva,Adriano Gonçalves; Cerqueira,Ana Teresa de Abreu Ramos; Lima,Maria Cristina Pereira
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
INTRODUCTION: Different kinds of psychological distress have been identified for students in the health field, especially in the medical school. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of mental suffering among medical students in the Southeastern Brazil and asses its association with social support. METHODS: It is a cross-sectional study. Structured questionnaires were applied for students from the 1st up to the 6th years of the medical school of Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho", assessing demographic variables related to aspects of graduation and adaptation to the city. Psychological suffering was defined as a common mental disorder (CMD) assessed by the Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20). Social support was assessed by the social support scale of the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS). The association between the outcome and explanatory variables was assessed by the χ2 test and Logistic Regression, for the multivariate analyses, using p < 0.05. RESULTS: The response rate was of 80.7%, with no differences between sample and the population regarding gender (p = 0.78). The average age was 22 years old (standard deviation - SD = 2.2), mainly women (58.2%) and students who were living with friends (62%). The prevalence of CMD was 44.9% (95%CI 40.2 - 49.6). After the multivariate analyses...

Drug consumption among medical students in São Paulo, Brazil: influences of gender and academic year

Oliveira,Lucio Garcia de; Barroso,Lucia Pereira; Wagner,Gabriela Arantes; Ponce,Julio de Carvalho; Malbergier,André; Stempliuk,Vladimir de Andrade; Andrade,Arthur Guerra de
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
OBJECTIVE: To analyze alcohol, tobacco and other drug use among medical students. METHOD: Over a five-year period (1996-2001), we evaluated 457 students at the Universidade de São Paulo School of Medicine, located in São Paulo, Brazil. The students participated by filling out an anonymous questionnaire on drug use (lifetime, previous 12 months and previous 30 days). The influence that gender and academic year have on drug use was also analyzed. RESULTS: During the study period, there was an increase in the use of illicit drugs, especially inhalants and amphetamines, among the medical students evaluated. Drug use (except that of marijuana and inhalants) was comparable between the genders, and academic year was an important influencing factor. DISCUSSION: Increased inhalant use was observed among the medical students, especially among males and students in the early undergraduate years. This is suggestive of a specific behavioral pattern among medical students. Our findings corroborate those of previous studies. CONCLUSION: Inhalant use is on the rise among medical students at the Universidade de São Paulo School of Medicine. Because of the negative health effects of illicit drug use, further studies are needed in order to deepen the understanding of this phenomenon and to facilitate the development of preventive measures.

Common mental disorders among medical students at Universidade Federal de Sergipe: a cross-sectional study

Costa,Edméa Fontes de Oliva; Andrade,Tarcísio Matos de; Silvany Neto,Annibal Muniz; Melo,Enaldo Vieira de; Rosa,Ana Carolina Aquino; Alencar,Mariana Amorim; Silva,Ângela Maria da
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
OBJECTIVE: Estimate the prevalence of common mental disorder and its associated factors among medical students of the Universidade Federal de Sergipe. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was carried out, applying Self Reporting Questionnaire-20 to 473 students from the 512 medical students enrolled in 2006 and compared with compared with a structured questionnaire by the authors containing information on the socio-demographic characteristics, the teaching-learning process and the psycho-emotional experiences of the students. Freshmen were excluded after initial comparison with the students already exposed to the medical course. Statistical analysis by multiple logistic regression after calculating simple and adjusted odds ratio (OR). RESULTS:The general prevalence of common mental disorder was 40% (n = 473); after exclusion of the freshmen it increased to 42.5% among students from the 2nd to the 12th semester. It was higher among those who did not have faith in their acquisition of the skills needed to become a good doctor (OR = 2.82), who felt less comfortable about course activities (OR = 3.75), who considered themselves emotionally stressed (OR = 2.14), among those who did not consider themselves happy (OR = 2.85), who believed that the course did not match their expectations (OR = 1.64) and those who had a prior diagnosis of mental disorder by a psychiatrist (OR = 3.78). CONCLUSION: The results suggest the necessity of changes to the teaching-learning process and the establishment of a preventive mental health program for medical students.

Development of laparoscopic skills in Medical students naive to surgical training

Cavalini,Worens Luiz Pereira; Claus,Christiano Marlo Paggi; Dimbarre,Daniellson; Cury Filho,Antonio Moris; Bonin,Eduardo Aimoré; Loureiro,Marcelo de Paula; Salvalaggio,Paolo
Fonte: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein Publicador: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
Objective To assess the acquisition of basic laparoscopic skills of Medical students trained on a surgical simulator. Methods First- and second-year Medical students participated on a laparoscopic training program on simulators. None of the students had previous classes of surgical technique, exposure to surgical practice nor training prior to the enrollment in to the study. Students´ time were collected before and after the 150-minute training. Skill acquisition was measured comparing time and scores of students and senior instructors of laparoscopic surgery Results Sixty-eight students participated of the study, with a mean age of 20.4 years, with a predominance of first-year students (62%). All students improved performance in score and time, after training (p<0,001). Score improvement in the exercises ranged from 294.1 to 823%. Univariate and multivariate analyses identified that second-year Medical students have achieved higher performance after training. Conclusions Medical students who had never been exposed to surgical techniques can acquire basic laparoscopic skills after training in simulators. Second-year undergraduates had better performance than first-year students.

Prevalence of and factors influencing smoking among medical and non-medical students in Tbilisi, Georgia

Chkhaidze,Ivane; Maglakelidze,Nino; Maglakelidze,Tamaz; Khaltaev,Nikolai
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
OBJECTIVE: Smoking is a serious problem that has a devastating impact on health. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of and factors influencing smoking among medical and non-medical students in Tbilisi, Georgia, as well as to determine whether medical education has an impact on smoking. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out at Tbilisi State Medical University and Tbilisi State University, both of which are located in Tbilisi, Georgia. A total of 400 4th-year students (200 students at each university) were asked to complete standardized questionnaires. RESULTS: Of the sample as a whole, 48.75% were identified as smokers and 51.25% were identified as nonsmokers. The mean age was 20.24 years among smokers and 20.26 years among nonsmokers. Of the medical students, 49.5% were smokers, as were 48.0% of the non-medical students. The male-to-female ratio in the study population was 0.9:1.1. Smoking was found to have a strong relationship with gender, males accounting for 65% of all smokers. Of the smokers, 56.9% stated that they would like to quit smoking (for health or financial reasons). Of the medical students, 59.5% expressed a willingness to quit smoking, as did 54.2% of the non-medical students. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need to improve smoking education for undergraduate students. Special attention should be given to the inclusion of anti-smoking education in undergraduate curricula...

Qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde dos estudantes do curso de medicina da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia; Health-related quality of life of medical students at the Federal University of Uberlândia

Paro, Helena Borges Martins da Silva
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia Publicador: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
Tipo: Dissertação
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
A necessidade de reformas curriculares, direcionadas à formação de profissionais capazes de promover a saúde do ser humano em seu sentido holístico, estimulou um crescente interesse pela saúde mental e qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde (QVRS) dos estudantes de medicina. Diante disso, este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a QVRS dos estudantes do primeiro ao sexto anos do curso de medicina da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia por meio do Medical Outcomes Survey 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Após consentimento livre e esclarecido, estudantes do curso de medicina do primeiro ao sexto ano e ingressantes responderam de maneira auto-aplicada um questionário sócio-demográfico, o SF-36 e o Inventário de Depressão de Beck. O coeficiente de alfa Cronbach foi calculado para determinar a confiabilidade do SF-36. Os estudantes e ingressantes foram comparados quanto às características sócio-demográficas. Os escores obtidos por meio do SF-36 foram comparados segundo o ano de estudo, a presença de sintomas depressivos, o sexo e residir com/sem a família (teste de Mann-Whitney ou Kruskal-Wallis). Os escores do SF-36 foram correlacionados com a renda familiar (coeficiente de correlação de Spearman). O tamanho do efeito (TE) foi calculado para determinar a magnitude das diferenças entre os grupos com o grupo de ingressantes ou do primeiro ano. Participaram da pesquisa 352 estudantes distribuídos entre o primeiro e sexto anos do curso e 38 ingressantes. A idade média dos ingressantes foi de 19...

Estructura factorial de la escala DREEM en estudiantes de medicina chilenos

Ortega B., Javiera; Pérez V., Cristhian; Ortiz M., Liliana; Fasce H., Eduardo; McColl C., Peter; Torres A., Graciela; Wright, Ana; Márquez, Carolina; Parra P., Paula
Fonte: Universidad Andrés Bello Publicador: Universidad Andrés Bello
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ES
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
Indexación: Scielo; Background: The entry to a University requires an adaptation process that not all students solve with the same kind of success. Even though students’ social adaptation and emotional skills are essential, the educational environmental that they perceive has a significant influence in their academic life. Aim: To describe the changes in the perception about academic environment that medical students experience during the first three years of undergraduate career. Material and Methods: The Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) scale was applied to 525 first to third year medical students and an exploratory factorial analysis was made. Results: Four factors were identified: Academic Perception: academic quality that students attribute to the process in which they take part, as well as to the assessment that they do of their learning outcomes (coefficient α = 0.85); Academic Experience: refers to positive emotions that students experience during the career such as confidence, pleasure and energy (coefficient α = 0.76); Atmosphere Perception, comfort and calm that students experiment during their academic activities (coefficient α = 0.79); Teachers Perception: the perception that students have of teachers about their interest and disposition towards students (coefficient α = 0.50). Conclusions: The assessment of academic environment quality is inversely associated with the lapse that the students have spent in their undergraduate careers. Key words: Education...

Tomorrow's educators...today? implementing near-peer teaching for medical students

Nelson, A.; Nelson, S.; Linn, A.; Raw, L.; Kildea, H.; Tonkin, A.
Fonte: Carfax Publishing Publicador: Carfax Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
BACKGROUND: The University of Adelaide offers a six-year undergraduate medical degree with a focus on small group learning. Senior medical students had previously received limited formal training in education skills, and were identified as an underutilised teaching resource. AIMS: To devise a programme in which senior students are exposed to the various facets of university teaching responsibilities and to evaluate its impact on both the tutors and the students. METHODS: A six week rotation in medical education for final year medical students was designed and implemented in 2010 to involve them in the development, delivery and assessment of the 1st and 2nd year medical programme as near-peer tutors (NPTs). RESULTS: Two years after the rotation’s implementation, voluntary evaluation of both the junior students and NPTs was undertaken through a mixed methods approach of survey and focus group. Junior students (n¼358) revealed the NPTs provided nonthreatening learning environments, provided helpful feedback and acted as role models. Additionally, the NPTs (n¼24) reported they had consolidated prior knowledge, developed their teaching skills and expressed a desire to be more involved in teaching in the future. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of NPTs in the teaching of junior medical students appears to benefit both students and their near-peer colleagues. Involvement of NPTs in all facets of medical education through this rotation stands to not only foster potential interest in an academic pathway but also equip them with a variety of transferable skills which they can draw on as future educators in their profession.; Adam J. Nelson...

Ethical enculturation: the informal and hidden ethics curricula at an Australian Medical School

West, C.; Chur-Hansen, A.
Fonte: Australasian and New Zealand Association for Medical Education Publicador: Australasian and New Zealand Association for Medical Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.95%
The formal ethics curriculum taught in medical schools is underscored by the informal and hidden curricula – that which is learned outside of the classroom or ward round, and which is often implied rather than explicit. Medical students' ethical and moral development is influenced by these curricula, although they have not been subject to the same scrutiny as the formal curriculum in previous research. The objective of this study was to explore University of Adelaide medical students' opinions of their ethical experiences, focusing on the informal and hidden curricula, and the perceived impact of these on their ethical development. Six undergraduates in their fourth year of a six-year course participated in an open-ended interview. Transcriptions were subjected to a qualitative methodology, Framework analysis, which extracts themes from the data. Seven interconnected themes were found. These were ethical development, the formal ethics curriculum, role- modelling, compromise, speaking out and keeping quiet, self-interest and guilt. Whilst the results of this study are consistent with that of previous research, a new and as yet unexplored result was the juxtaposition of 'local' students' perceptions of their ethical behaviour with their perceptions of 'international' students' ethical behaviour. From this...

Reduction of the anxiety of medical students after curricular reform; Redução da ansiedade de estudantes de medicina após reforma curricular

ZUARDI, Antonio Waldo; PROTA, Fernando Del Guerra; DEL-BEN, Cristina Marta
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
OBJECTIVES: Curricular structure may interfere in students' anxiety level at medical schools. The objective of this study was to assess anxiety levels in medical students before and after a curriculum reform at the Medical School of Ribeirão Preto and to compare them with students at other courses that had no curricular changes in the same university campus. METHOD: Study samples were obtained in two moments: 1) two years before the reform; 2) after the reform when the reformed curriculum completed its fourth year. The pre-sample (former curriculum) consisted of 307 medical students and 217 students from psychology and biology courses. The post-sample (new curriculum) was composed of 330 medical students and 194 students from psychology and biology courses. Anxiety was assessed by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). RESULTS: Comparing the pre with the post sample, we found STAI-T scores of the students under the former curriculum were significantly higher in the first (42.9 + 1.08) and second (41.9 + 1.1) years than the STAI-T scores of the medical students under the new curriculum (38.1 + 1.0 and 37.9 + 1.06, respectively). Students from other courses and 5th year medical students, who followed the same curriculum, did not show any significant differences between different samples. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that changes to medical school curricula may reduce the medical student' levels of anxiety in the first two years of the course.; OBJETIVOS: Características da estrutura curricular podem interferir no nível de ansiedade dos alunos do curso médico. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o nível de ansiedade nos alunos do curso médico...

Reduction of the anxiety of medical students after curricular reform

Zuardi,Antonio Waldo; Prota,Fernando Del Guerra; Del-Ben,Cristina Marta
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
OBJECTIVES: Curricular structure may interfere in students' anxiety level at medical schools. The objective of this study was to assess anxiety levels in medical students before and after a curriculum reform at the Medical School of Ribeirão Preto and to compare them with students at other courses that had no curricular changes in the same university campus. METHOD: Study samples were obtained in two moments: 1) two years before the reform; 2) after the reform when the reformed curriculum completed its fourth year. The pre-sample (former curriculum) consisted of 307 medical students and 217 students from psychology and biology courses. The post-sample (new curriculum) was composed of 330 medical students and 194 students from psychology and biology courses. Anxiety was assessed by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). RESULTS: Comparing the pre with the post sample, we found STAI-T scores of the students under the former curriculum were significantly higher in the first (42.9 + 1.08) and second (41.9 + 1.1) years than the STAI-T scores of the medical students under the new curriculum (38.1 + 1.0 and 37.9 + 1.06, respectively). Students from other courses and 5th year medical students, who followed the same curriculum, did not show any significant differences between different samples. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that changes to medical school curricula may reduce the medical student' levels of anxiety in the first two years of the course.

QUARA Project – Prevalence of abuse, mistreatment and other forms of aggression during medical education: a cross-sectional study in São Paulo, Brazil, 2013; Projeto QUARA - Prevalência de abusos, maus-tratos e outras agressões durante a formação médica: um estudo de corte transversal em São Paulo, Brasil, 2013

Barreto, Abraão Deyvid Alves de Lima; Babler, Fernanda; Quaresma, Irene Yamamoto do Vale; Arakaki, Juliana Naomy Lacerda; Peres, Maria Fernanda Tourinho
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Avaliado pelos pares Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 05/03/2015 POR
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46.14%
Introduction: Studies describe a high prevalence of aggression, abuse and mistreatment between medical students and suggest that victimized students feel more depressed, unsatisfied with the medical career and tend to have a lower self-esteem. The studies that estimate the magnitude of this problem in Brazil are rare. Our goal is to estimate the prevalence of abuse, mistreatment and other aggressions between medical students during graduation considering the type, perpetuator, frequency and perceived severity. Methods: Cross-sectional study with medical students from a Brazilian university. An online survey was sent to 1072 students - 344 responded and 317 were included in this analysis. The data was collected with REDCap, between 09/11/2013 and 12/13/2013. Results: The average age was 22,24 years (+-2,89), 49% were men and about 45% were basic stage students. Most (92.31%) reported suffering at least one type of aggression during the graduation. The most common type was belittlement/humiliation (73.1%), followed by verbal aggression (59.99%). The prevalence of sexual abuse or discrimination was high (43.32%) and 13% reported physical violence. The main perpetuators are, respectively, the students themselves (83.75%) and the teachers (72.8%). About 30% of the students have been assaulted 5 or more times and 70% of the victims consider the episodes very important. Conclusion: The prevalence of aggression...

Anxiety and depression in medical students related to desire for and expectations from a medical career

Karaoglu,N; Şeker,M
Fonte: West Indian Medical Journal Publicador: West Indian Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2010 EN
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46.15%
OBJECTIVE: In this article, we aimed to analyse the anxiety and depression levels of medical student's related to their desire for a career in medicine and expectations from that career. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, students from the first two years of medical school filled-out a questionnaire consisting of demographics, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scales (HADS) and questions about their medical career decision. RESULTS: The mean anxiety score was 7.66 ± 3.21 and the mean depression score was 5.77 ± 3.45. According to cut-off levels, 20.3% of medical students had anxiety, 29.3% had depressive symptoms. Males and second year students had significantly high levels of depression (p < 0.05). Students who were pressured to become doctors and who expected to gain much money were both more anxious and more depressed (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: External pressures, desire to become a medical doctor and expectations from a medical education have significant effects on anxiety and depression levels of medical students. Guidance for affected students is important and this is the responsibility of medical educators and faculties.

Knowledge, attitudes and practice of medical students at the Cave Hill Campus in relation to ethics and law in healthcare

Walrond,ER; Jonnalagadda,R; Hariharan,S; Moseley,HSL
Fonte: West Indian Medical Journal Publicador: West Indian Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.15%
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices among medical students in relation to medical ethics and law. The results of the study will be a useful guide to tutors of medical students and curricula designers. METHODS: A thirty-item self-administered questionnaire about knowledge of law and ethics, and the role of an ethics committee in the healthcare system was devised, tested and distributed to all levels of students and staff at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Barbados (a tertiary care teaching hospital) in 2003. The data from the completed questionnaires were entered into an SPSS database and analyzed using frequency and multiple cross-tabulation tables. RESULTS: Completed responses were obtained from 55 (96%) of the medical students. Medical students generally attested to the importance of ethical knowledge but felt that they knew little of the law. Students varied widely as regards the frequency with which they saw ethical or legal problems, with a quarter seeing them infrequently, but another quarter seeing them every day. They received their knowledge from multiple sources and particularly from lectures/seminars, and found case conferences the most helpful. Only a few students felt that text books had been helpful. Students were generally knowledgeable about most ethical issues...