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The struggle for strategic planning in European higher education: the case of Portugal

Machado, Maria de Lourdes; Taylor, James S.
Fonte: Academic and Business Research Institute Publicador: Academic and Business Research Institute
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.13%
A number of significant factors are changing the strategic management landscape in higher education. Market forces are exerting significant impacts on higher education institutions (HEIs) that are fundamentally changing the ways they conduct and manage their affairs. As institutional autonomy grows, so do institutional responsibilities and accountability. Outcomes then determine the future level of autonomy for an institution. These major shifts are forcing HEIs to approach their operations more proactively and from a business perspective in order to be strategically positioned to seize opportunities and confront threats in an increasingly competitive environment. Strategic planning is a tool for assisting an HEI manage itself with foresight and an external focus. Strategic planning is moving more and more into the forefront of higher education discussions in many European countries. As interest in and appreciation of the need for this process grow internationally, higher education planners are confronted with many issues of limited market-driven management experience, as well as trans-national governance and cultural complexities. As higher education leaders in other countries, and especially Europe, turn to the United States for best practices and guidance...

Mapping the Contemporary Studies on Alliances and Strategic Networks

LIMA, Flavia Gonet Santos Nobrega de; CAMPOS FILHO, Luiz Alberto Nascimento
Fonte: FUND ESCOLA COMERCIO ALVARES PENTEADO-FECAP Publicador: FUND ESCOLA COMERCIO ALVARES PENTEADO-FECAP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.14%
The competition among the companies depends on the velocity and efficience they can create and commercialize knowledge in a timely and cost-efficient manner. In this context, collaboration emerges as a reaction to the environmental changes. Although strategic alliances and networks have been exploited in the strategic literature for decades, the complexity and continuous usage of these cooperation structures, in a world of growing competition, justify the continuous interest in both themes. This article presents a scanning of the contemporary academic production in strategic alliances and networks, covering the period from January 1997 to august 2007, based on the top five journals accordingly to the journal of Citation Report 2006 in the business and management categories simultaneously. The results point to a retraction in publications about strategic alliances and a significant growth in the area of strategic. networks. The joint view of strategic alliances and networks, cited by some authors a the evolutionary path of study, still did not appear salient. The most cited topics found in the alliance literature are the governance structure, cooperation, knowledge transfer, culture, control, trust, alliance formation,,previous experience...

Planejamento e gestão estratégica de associações de interesse privado do agronegócio: uma contribuição empírica; Strategic planning and management of private interest associations from the agribusiness: an empirical contribution.

Conejero, Marco Antonio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/03/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
O início do século XXI reservou às associações de interesse privado (AIPs) um novo papel. Além de coordenar os sistemas agroindustriais para sua competitividade, os órgãos de representação passaram a ser cobrados por sua iniciativa e liderança na área de sustentabilidade. Essa nova mudança ambiental traz novamente a necessidade de re-planejamento das associações setoriais com desenvolvimento de novas competências. Para o entendimento desse processo, definiu-se como problema de pesquisa a seguinte questão: Como as associações de interesse privado no agronegócio coordenam suas cadeias de valor? Como elas se planejam e organizam internamente para atingir esse objetivo central? A pesquisa empírica fez uso do método do estudo de caso para estudar oito associações setoriais no Brasil, Argentina e Colômbia, relacionados às cadeias produtivas da soja, cana e café. A análise dos casos e o contraste com o referencial teórico permitiu a compreensão de como pode se organizar uma associação de interesse privado para exercer o seu papel de coordenação setorial com eficiência e eficácia. A sobrevivência no longo prazo de uma AIP depende da garantia de que o benefício entregue individualmente a um associado seja superior a sua taxa associativa. Para evitar os conflitos internos e os custos de "agência"...

Agendas de segurança do Brasil e dos Estados Unidos da América para o entorno estratégico brasileiro

Mattos, Fernando Preusser de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.22%
O objetivo do presente trabalho consiste em analisar as atuais agendas de segurança do Brasil e dos Estados Unidos da América para a América do Sul e para o Atlântico Sul, as regiões consideradas prioritárias para os interesses brasileiros e que compõem o entorno estratégico brasileiro segundo os principais documentos de defesa do Brasil. Em um primeiro momento, discute-se a definição oferecida pelos documentos de defesa e pelo pensamento estratégico brasileiro contemporâneo para os conceitos de entorno estratégico brasileiro ou entorno geopolítico imediato. Em seguida, discute-se a condição de hegemonia regional pelos EUA segundo Mearsheimer (2001) e as implicações dela decorrentes para as regiões compreendidas como prioritárias para os interesses externos do Brasil. Analisam-se em seguida as atuais agendas de segurança – compreendidas como as prioridades de defesa e política externa – do Brasil e dos Estados Unidos da América para as vertentes continental e marítima do entorno estratégico brasileiro. As ambiguidades decorrentes da condição dos EUA como um interlocutor onipresente dos processos de formulação e condução da política externa brasileira, ao mesmo tempo impondo limites à atuação autônoma do Brasil na região e possibilitando sua atuação como free-rider em termos de segurança são discutidas à luz do debate acerca da inserção internacional do Brasil e do seu papel na política regional.; The aim of this monograph consists in analyzing the current security agendas of Brazil and the United States of America to South America and South Atlantic...

The economic, environmental and strategic value of biomass

Carneiro, P.; Ferreira, Paula Varandas
Fonte: Elevier Publicador: Elevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
Biomass based power plants are one of the few renewable energy sources (RES) units that may be used as base load technologies, contributing also to the reduction of external energy dependency and of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The availability, heterogeneity and cost of the resource are however important barriers to the effective development and spread of these technologies. This paper aims to make a contribution to the evaluation of biomass power plants based on dedicated energy crops. The particular case of Portugal is analyzed and the strategic, environmental and economic interest of the project is evaluated under the present RES support schemes. The results suggest that the value of the assumed Feed-in Tariff (FIT) may not be enough to attract private investors’ interest for these projects. The need for the creation of a specific FIT for this kind of biomass is highlighted and may be justified both by the perceived project risk and by the expected strategic and environmental value of these investments.; This workwas financed by: the QREN e Operational Programme for Competitiveness Factors, the European Union e European Regional Development Fund and National Funds- Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology...

Geo-strategic intervention and its consequences in the Horn of Africa

Bereketeab, Redie
Fonte: Centro de Estudos Internacionais do Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL) Publicador: Centro de Estudos Internacionais do Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL)
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Publicado em 05/06/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.33%
This article seeks to examine the role geo-strategic driven interest politics plays in security, stability, development and democratisation in the Horn of Africa (HOA). It aims to interrogate the various external interventions in the region with the aim of enhancing geostrategic interest of great powers. The most notorious geo-strategic driven intervention in postcolonial time in the region was the Cold War rivalry of the superpowers that transformed the region into playground of bipolar strife. The end of Cold War brought a brief respite in the geostrategic driven intervention in the region. The US global war on terror and the war against piracy offshores of Somalia brought again the politics of geo-strategic intervention to the region. What are the consequences of the politics of geo-strategic interest to the region? This article examines the consequences of the geo-strategic interest driven intervention to security, stability, development and democratisation in the HOA.

West Africa - Mineral Sector Strategic Assessment (WAMSSA) : An Environmental and Social Strategic Assessment for the Development of the Mineral Sector in the Mano River Union

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
The West African Mineral Sector Strategic Assessment (WAMSSA) is a strategic environmental and social assessment intended to identify policy, institutional, and regulatory adjustments required to integrate environmental and social considerations into mineral sector development in Africa. The study focused on three Mano River Union (MRU) countries, Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, all categorized as mineral-rich countries which earn - or could earn (in the case of Liberia) - significant revenues from exports of bauxite, iron ore, rutile, gold, and diamonds. WAMSSA featured an analytical component, and an extensive consultation process designed to initiate a policy dialogue on improving mineral sector governance and enhancing the benefits of mineral sector development for the MRU region. This report summarizes the findings of the WAMSSA process, and provides a series of recommendations to address environmental, social, and governance priorities highlighted by analytical and consultation components of the assessment. The recommendations are intended to provide guidance to the African Mineral Governance Program (AMGP) and Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative Plus Plus initiatives that are gathering momentum in the region.

Strategic Alliances to Scale Up Financial Services in Rural Areas

Gallardo, Joselito; Goldberg, Michael; Randhawa, Bikki
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.12%
Firms have employed strategic alliances with other firms to effectively manage costs, overcome resource and technology constraints, and enhance competitive position. Strategic alliances can lead to productive institutional collaborations in rural financial markets, thereby expanding the array of financial products, and scaling up access of rural households and micro-businesses to financial services. Strategic alliances comprise a new theme in rural finance. The institutions in the study used strategic alliances to tap new capital resources, manage transaction costs, access banking technology and infrastructure, and acquire new skills to provide an expanding array of financial services to wider markets. The authors carefully examine the experiences of selected rural finance institutions, and their strategic allies or development partners in Guatemala, the Philippines, Ghana, and India to draw out the main findings and share lessons that may be applied in other country settings. The study addressed a number of key questions: What motivated the rural finance institution to structure its alliance or partnership with a bank...

Public Deliberation and Interest Organisations: a Study of Responses to Lay Citizen Engagement in Public Policy

Hendriks, Carolyn Maree
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.36%
This thesis empirically examines how lobby groups and activists respond to innovative forms of public participation. The study centres on processes that foster a particular kind of deliberative governance including citizens’ juries, consensus conferences and planning cells. These deliberative designs bring together a panel of randomly selected lay citizens to deliberate on a specific policy issue for a few days, with the aim of providing decision makers with a set of recommendations. While policy makers worldwide are attracted to these novel participatory processes, little consideration has been given to how well they work alongside more adversarial and interest-based politics. This doctoral research project examines this interface by studying what these processes mean to different kinds of policy actors such as corporations, advocacy groups, government agencies, experts and professionals. These entities are collectively referred to in this thesis as ‘interest organisations’ because in some way they are seeking a specific policy outcome from the state – even government-based groups. The empirical research in this thesis is based on comparative case studies of four deliberative design projects in Australia and Germany. The Australian cases include a citizens’ jury on waste management legislation and a consensus conference on gene technology in the food chain. The German case studies include a planning cells project on consumer protection in Bavaria...

Contestability, policy advice and the Australian Strategic Policy Institute

Perkins, Celia
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 76689 bytes; 350 bytes; text/html; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.04%
As the public service is "thrown open to the cold winds of competition" (Hartigan, 2000), and the implementation of new public management advances past simple contracting-out, contestability of policy advice to government is receiving increased interest as new area of reform to pursue. The Government's commitment to establish an Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI) is motivated by the potential for that institution to provide contestable advice on defence and security policy issues. To understand how the creation of this Institute might assist the Government's desire for policy contestability, this paper will look more closely at the principles of contestability and consider how the experience of other similar ventures by Government have contributed to increased contestability in policy advice. This understanding should inform the establishment of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute.; no

French military reforms since I996

de Vienne, India
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.25%
The !991 Gulf War was a landmark conflict for the French military. This conflict marked the beginning of a new geo-strategic era, where nuclear capacity and large scale armies no longer proved to be the most effective way of defending ones national political, military and strategic interests. The Cold War was over, and Western militaries had to learn to adapt, and quickly. All Western defence forces, with perhaps the exception of the United States, felt the difficulty in the change. For the French military, in particular, found three areas of distinct weakness. The French Defence Force had insufficient manpower, technological capacity and multilateral cooperation. In order to address these problems, the newly elected President Jacques Chirac's government, undertook some of the most innovative reforms French defence had ever experienced. In order to address the problems of the Gulf, conscription was abolished, multilateral alliances within Europe and within the transatlantic alliance gained greater precedence and joint arm procurement ventures were undertaken. The French army aimed to create a force which could be. interoperable with many of the world great military superpowers and thus provided France with a means of restating its position of influence on the global politicomilitary stage. France also maintained its bilateral alliances with the United Kingdom and Germany in particular...

India and Australia: unlikely strategic partners

Gugliotta, Marc
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
The purpose of this report is to shed light on an often forgotten regional actor, India. The strategic and security relationship between Australia and India, much like the wider relationship, has been largely neglected over the past fifty years. This was largely due to both countries finding themselves on opposite sides of the Cold War divide. In recent times, there has been a notable increase in relations. However, this has not translated into increased strategic and security cooperation. India is a very large nation with massive economic and military potential; it is a potential major power and is very aware of this. India is in a very important geographic area, spanning from the Persian Gulf to the Straits of Malacca. It's position on the western fringes of Southeast Asia and its naval power projection capabilities place it in a position to have a great impact on regional stability in that region. In addition, India is the world's largest democracy and has a recent history of pragmatic foreign policy and a pursuit for peace and stability. Comparatively, Australia, shares a very large western border with the Indian Ocean as well as a strategic interest in the stability of both the Indian Ocean and Southeast Asian region. Regional stability is a high priority for Australia in that no direct military threat to Australia exists. This means that the maintenance of this situation is of the highest priority to Australia. Thus...

Russia's strategic interests in Asia: the implications for Australia

Peterson, Johanna
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.25%
Russia has re-emerged as an influential player on the world stage and is looking to a "dynamic Asia as a strategic region in which to project its influence. While Russia's foreign policy focus has largely been directed towards the West, it is evident that Asia is a sphere of increasing strategic interest. As both the dynamic powerhouse of the global economy and the arena in which great power relations of the 21 st century will be played out, Asia is an important region for Russia's reassertion of influence. Russia's has a number of strategic interests in Asia. Firstly, Asia consists of largely developing nations with a growing demand for energy and Russia holds a vast proportion of the world's oil and gas reserves. This presents immense economic opportunities. Secondly, Russia's Far East is a vulnerable territory. The declining Russian population is in stark contrast to the hundreds of millions of Chinese across the 3400 km border. The infrastructure in the Far East is insufficient, corruption is extensive and illegal cross-border movement is common. A strengthened Russian presence in Asia would help to overcome these security concerns · and bolster domestic development. Thirdly, Asia provides an arena in which Russia can counter balance the U.S....

Liberia : Strategic Policy Options for Medium Term Growth and Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Poverty Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.14%
This paper explores Liberia's policy options in support of the development of a Medium-Term Growth and Development Strategy (MTGDS) for 2013-2017 and its national vision, Liberia Rising 2030. At issue is the mismatch between available fiscal space and the enormous development needs that the government must resolve as it prepares to transform the economy into a middle-income country by 2040. This dilemma calls for the new administration to make trade-offs among various priorities if it is to achieve its aspirations. For this purpose, a Liberian version of a single-country Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model, MAMS (Maquette for Millennium Development Goal, or MDG simulations), was developed and informed by analytical studies as well as sector strategies prepared in support of Liberia's MTGDS. This paper examines the likely impacts on macroeconomic and social indicators of alternate strategic policy scenarios. A base scenario (designed to represent a central case for the evolution of Liberia's economy up to 2030) was first established...

Strategic Reorientation of the Housing Provident Fund System in the People's Republic of China

Taffin, Claude; Friedemann, Roy; Kyung-Hwan, Kim
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
The objective of this report is to respond to the request of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MOHURD), to assess the Housing Provident Fund (HPF) system, and provide recommendations on its positioning, strategy and future role in the overall housing policy. The report focuses on a strategic review of the HPF system and its strategy, mission, and operational structure, and then analyses the market in which the individual HPFs operate. It provides recommendations on the realignment of the HPF system in view of the changed market conditions. The recommendations encompass the overall policy goal of the HPF system, including regulation and supervision, modifications to the current products offered by the HPFs, and improvements in the operational structure (e.g. organizational set-up, technical capabilities of management and staff, liquidity and risk management). The report concludes by citing international experiences with housing provident systems/credit linked savings systems in order to highlight useful links with the Chinese HPF system.

Strategic Framework for Assistance to Africa : IDA and the Emerging Partnership Model

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.04%
This paper sets the strategic framework for the International Development Association's (IDA) work in Africa, over the next several years. The strategy evolved over more than a year, as a result of extensive consultation with Africa Region staff, other Bank staff, external advisors, clients, partners, and representatives of civil society in the region. The strategy seeks to clarify IDA's role within four pillars, i.e., reduce poverty and improve governance; invest in people; increase economic growth and enhance competitiveness; and, improve aid effectiveness. Three levels of measurement are proposed: IDA's own activities in policy dialogue, programs, and partnerships; final country outcomes; and, an intermediate set of indicators that measure policy, and program effectiveness. It also proposes to further the results agenda, by pushing toward result-based Country Assistance Strategies (CAS), and mainstreaming statistical capacity as a core sector, and, sets benchmarks relating to each of the four pillars for monitoring the success of its own implementation. The nest step would be to align IDA operations with these priorities...

El interés estratégico de Estados Unidos en India, en el período comprendido entre 2000-2010

Rincón Montes, Catalina
Fonte: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales Publicador: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/02/2012 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
A partir de la aprobación del Acuerdo Nuclear con fines civiles entre Estados Unidos e India en 2008, se evidencia un viraje contundente de la política exterior norteamericana hacia ésta nación asiática. Este hecho sin precedentes, que implicó para Estados Unidos dejar atrás más de 3 décadas de políticas de no proliferación nuclear y un cambio en su legislación, hace cuestionar cuál es el interés estratégico de Estados Unidos en India. En ese orden de ideas, el objetivo de la presente investigación, ha sido demostrar que dicho interés estratégico busca una alianza con India como un actor de peso en el tablero asiático, para contener el avance del poderío de la República Popular de China en la región, mediante la aplicación de tres dinámicas a través de India: 1) El fortalecimiento de los vínculos en seguridad con India dada su proyección y relevancia geopolítica, 2) El estrechamiento de los lazos comerciales impulsados por Estados Unidos para mejorar las condiciones económicas de India, para así contrarrestar el poder económico de China y su influencia política en la región, y 3), encontrando en India un ancla de la democracia en Asia, en contraste del modelo político socialista de China.; Since the approval of the Nuclear Agreement with civil uses between the United States and India in 2008...

Bribes, Campaign Donations, and Revolving Doors: Endogenous Types of Special Interest Money

Weschle, Simon Werner
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2015
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%

Special interest money enters politics in a number of ways: Politicians solicit contributions that help in their election campaigns; they enrich themselves while in office by accepting bribes; or, increasingly in many countries, they go through the "revolving door" and take up lucrative post-government jobs in companies that were affected by their decisions in office. The central argument I make in this dissertation is that these different types of special interest money can act as functional substitutes and that their prevalence is a strategic choice. I examine this strategic choice theoretically and empirically, and provide insights into the consequences it has for policy and voters. I focus on two main factors: First, what consequences does the legal environment have? Second, what is the effect of the political environment?

Chapter 1 lays the theoretical groundwork. I study a formal model of political competition that determines whether and how special interest money enters politics. I show that laws criminalizing bribery or restricting campaign contributions lead to substitution effects and make other types of special interest money more common, in particular the revolving door. I also study the effect of legal restrictions on equilibrium policy and demonstrate that it only moves policy towards the median voter under certain circumstances. Higher political competitiveness leads incumbents to solicit campaign contributions...

Aplicação da Matriz de Jogos Estratégicos na modelagem de estratégias cooperativas e competitivas para empresas de um pólo têxtil e de confecções; An application of the Strategic Games Matrix for competitive and cooperative strategies modeling for the firms of a textile and apparel business cluster; An application of the Strategic Games Matrix for competitive and cooperative strategies modeling for the firms of a textile and apparel business cluster

Da Costa, Eliezer Arantes; UNICAMP; Bottura, Celso Pascoli; UNICAMP
Fonte: Universidade Federal Fluminense - LATEC Publicador: Universidade Federal Fluminense - LATEC
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/05/2009 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.36%
Apesar do ambiente de colaboração generalizado necessário para se implementar qualquercluster empresarial bem sucedido, a inevitável autonomia decisória e a livre iniciativa entreas suas empresas, operando, muitas vezes, como múltiplas e complexas cadeias desuprimento, fazem com que eles acabem buscando seus próprios interesses, ignorando osinteresses dos demais agentes envolvidos. Tais empresas, competindo e/ou cooperandoentre si, dão origem, naturalmente, a diversas situações de conflitos de interesses entreelas, conflitos esses que precisam ser modelados, tratados, conciliados e administrados.Apresentamos, neste trabalho, uma modelagem de estratégias cooperativas e competitivasdos mútuos relacionamentos entre as firmas ‘clusterizadas’, com base em conceitos daTeoria dos Jogos. Propõe-se a aplicação de uma metodologia de análise desses complexosempresariais utilizando a Matriz de Jogos Estratégicos, MJE, como o quadro de referênciaconceitual. Mostramos que a MJE se constitui numa útil ferramenta de suporte analítico egerencial para o tratamento dos múltiplos conflitos de interesses entre os diversos agentesde um cluster, tanto para propósitos descritivos como prescritivos. Esta metodologia éaplicada ao assim chamado Pólo-Tec-Tex...

Academics in Service of the American Empire: The Minerva Research Initiative; Acadêmicos a serviço do império americano: a Minerva Research Initiative

Lopez y Rivas, Gilberto
Fonte: Prim@ Facie - Law, History and Politics; Prima Facie - Direito, História e Política Publicador: Prim@ Facie - Law, History and Politics; Prima Facie - Direito, História e Política
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 20/10/2015 POR; SPA; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
Since 2008, the U.S. military has relied on an ambitious research program called The Minerva Research Initiative established by then-Defense Secretary Robert Gates with the primary goal of achieving “a deeper understanding of the social, cultural and political dynamics that shape regions of strategic interest (to the U.S. government) around the world.” Initial funding for this program was fifty million dollars, an amount that has been increasing over the years. The primary purpose has been to finance the work of academics at American universities and experts in other research centers as analysts on issues that may have an impact on the national security policies of the imperialist State.; Desde 2008, os militares dos EUA contam com um ambicioso projeto de investigação denominado “The Minerva Research Iniciative”, fundado pelo então Secretário de Defesa Robert Gates com o objetivo central de lograr “uma compreensão mais profunda das dinâmicas sociais, culturais e políticas que conformam às regiões de interesse estratégico (para o governo deste país) ao redor do mundo”. Este programa recebeu em sua fase inicial um fundo de cinqüenta milhões de dólares, que vem sendo reforçado ao longo desses anos e cuja finalidade – entre outras – tem sido financiar acadêmicos de universidades norte-americanas e especialistas de outros centros de pesquisa para trabalharem como analistas naqueles temas que possam ter incidência nas políticas do Estado de segurança nacional imperialista.