Página 1 dos resultados de 597 itens digitais encontrados em 0.013 segundos

A internacionalização do terror : o caso argentino

Braga, Leonardo Marmontel
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.27%
A internacionalização do terror no Cone Sul, durante as décadas de 70 e 80, consistiu na integração dos esforços de um grupo de países para combater um ―inimigo‖ comum: o comunismo. Argentina, Bolívia, Brasil, Chile, Paraguai e Uruguai – com apoio dos Estados Unidos – associaram suas forças militares e serviços secretos para desenvolver um plano de combate internacional contra a ―subversão comunista‖: a denominada Operação Condor. Através dela internacionalizou-se o terrorismo de Estado instaurado nesses países, disseminando a insegurança, a violência e o desrespeito aos direitos humanos em toda a região sul-americana, dando origem a uma verdadeira ―multinacional do terror‖. O Plano Condor visou evitar que a atuação das organizações guerrilheiras existentes nesses países pudesse levar a uma revolução semelhante à ocorrida em Cuba. A Argentina foi um importante ator dessa rede internacional de terror. Perseguiu, reprimiu e colaborou, de forma sistemática e com requintes de violência, na perseguição e no aniquilamento dos opositores do regime ditatorial argentino, bem como dos países vizinhos. Com o golpe de Estado de março de 1976, instalou-se na Argentina a ditadura civil-militar, denominada Proceso de Reorganización Nacional...

Holding States Responsible for Terrorism before the International Court of Justice

Trapp, Kimberley N.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.47%
State sponsored or supported terrorism has long been a feature of modern international relations, but responsibility for such activities is rarely invoked or established successfully. One reason for this is the international community’s heavy reliance on a security paradigm in response to state involvement in terrorism over recent decades. The aim of this article is to examine an alternative response to State terrorism based on judicially determined legal responsibility rather than (to date unsuccessful) reliance on Article 51 of the UN Charter. This article will examine the possible bases of the ICJ’s jurisdiction in cases of state terrorism and argue that the series of terrorism suppression conventions—adopted by the international community with a view to ensuring the criminal responsibility of individual terrorist actors—could also be the vehicle for securing determinations of state responsibility for terrorism before the International Court of Justice.

National security, terrorism, and human rights in Indonesia

Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Conference item Formato: 190906 bytes; 352 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.38%
Conference on Constitution and Human Rights last year in the same place highlighted the importance of national security laws in certain countries in Asia. Although for Indonesia this law was not the issue discussed in last years conference, development in international politics since 11 September 2001 brought about deeper discourse on this type of law in the country. Terrorist attack on the United States (US) has started war against terrorism. Though not admitted, this war has been broadened to a war against Islamic community across the globe. This issue is important for Asia, as many of the Asian countries are the population. Many measures have been taken to deal with war against terrorism in the international level. One important measure is the imposition to initiate a set of legal instruments to smoothen legal procedures against international terrorist organisations through, among others, the establishment of new national security laws related to international terrorist and multilateral and bilateral agreement on the investigation of international terrorist organisations. Indonesia is not an exception in this development, especially because it is a country with the biggest Moslem population in the world and the socio-political instability across the country. The US stated its allegation of the existence of Al Qaeda-related terrorist organisation in Indonesia. An Indonesian citizen was also investigated by the US for the allegation of being a member of Al Qaeda. The draft law on Anti-Terrorism is discussed in Indonesia at this moment and shortly will be presented before the Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR...

Unilateral Exceptions to International Law: Systematic Legal Analysis and Critique of Doctrines that Seek to Deny or Reduce the Applicability of Human Rights Norms in the Fight against Terrorism

SCHEININ, Martin; VERMEULEN, Mathias
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.35%
This paper on unilateral exceptions to human rights and international law in the fight against terrorism seeks to take stock of a whole range of arguments, doctrines or constructions that states may resort to when seeking to justify their unilateral exceptions to human rights norms in the fight against terrorism. The following constructions are discussed: (a) Denial of the applicability of human rights law during armed conflict (b) Denial to individuals of status as protected persons under international humanitarian law (c) The United Nations Charter as lex superior compared to human rights obligations (d) Denial of attribution to an individual state of action by intergovernmental organizations (e) Denial of extraterritorial effect of human rights (treaties) (f) Reservations to human rights treaties (g) Persistent objection to norms of customary international law (h) Derogation during times of emergency (i) Overly broad use of permissible limitations or restrictions (j) Withdrawal from treaties. Many of those constructions have a valid legal basis and a proper scope of application. However, they often affect only a specific treaty, or the availability of a procedure, but do not affect the substantive obligations of the state in question under international law. Some of the constructions are open to abuse...

Sobre el terrorismo y sus víctimas; On terrorism and its victims

Rodríguez Uribes, José Manuel
Fonte: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto de Derechos Humanos Bartolomé de las Casas; Dykinson Publicador: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto de Derechos Humanos Bartolomé de las Casas; Dykinson
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Publicado em /06/2012 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.32%
El presente trabajo pretende ofrecer algo de luz sobre las nociones de terrorismo y de víctima. En este sentido, se proponen dos puntos de vista en relación con el primero, uno más propio o estricto, el terrorismo como fin que solo puede darse en sociedades democráticas y otro más impropio o amplio, el terrorismo como método, o el método terrorista, susceptible de explicar muchos más fenómenos violentos contemporáneos o históricos. En relación con la noción de víctima se relata su mejor situación normativa a partir de la comprensión del terrorismo como un peligro global tras el 11-S y se justifica por una toma de posición relevante y novedosa de la comunidad internacional en relación con ellas: las víctimas del terrorismo, hoy, son consideradas víctimas del violaciones de derechos humanos y no solo víctimas de un delito particular. A partir de ahí, se comprende que tengan reconocidos genuinos derechos y que ocupen un lugar relevante tanto en el espacio público como en el proceso penal.; This paper aims to provide some light on the concepts of terrorism and victim. Here, we propose two views in relation to the first, a more proper or strict, terrorism as an end that can only happen in democratic societies...

Anatomizing Chemical and Biological Non-State Adversaries

National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START)
Fonte: National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) Publicador: National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.32%
NPS67-041414-04; The possibility that violent non-state actors (VNSAs), including terrorists and criminals, might employ chemical or biological (CB) weapons has understandably attracted much attention in both policy and government circles. This is primarily a result of credible evidence of terrorist interest in these weapons and demonstrated terrorist willingness and capability, albeit thus far via conventional means, to inflict mass casualties. Much valuable research has been conducted in the areas of state possession of CB weapons, the vulnerability of industrial and commercial facilities to attack or infiltration, the technical capabilities required to construct CB weapons and preparations for dealing with the consequences of a large-scale chemical or biological attack. In contrast, the characteristics, decision-making and behaviors of the potential perpetrators themselves have thus far received far less attention.; This research was supported awards made to the START by the Naval Postgraduate School through the Center on Contemporary Conflict’s Project on Advanced Systems and Concepts for Countering WMD (PASCC).

Bio-terrorism: steps to effective public health risk communication and fear management

Jones-Hard, Susan G.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 95 p. : ill.
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
CHDS State/Local; Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; A potentially serious gap exists in the preparedness of the public health system to respond to terrorism: risk communication. Unless this system is better structured to provide American citizens with a clear understanding of the potential risks and hazards associated with a terrorist event -- particularly a bio-terrorism event -- citizens not only run the risk of taking inappropriate protective actions, but also of experiencing increased (and potentially debilitating) levels of fear. In a survey I conducted of public health officials in an eleven state region (which includes my own state, Colorado) I found that significant opportunities for improvement exist in their emergency preparedness planning. Of particular concern, there was limited risk communication planning. Nonetheless, there was a high level of confidence in the states' perceived level of preparedness to respond and communicate risks during a potential bio-terrorism event.; Civilian, Manager - Emergency Management Program, Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment

Judicial review : state supreme judicial views on balancing civil liberties and public safety/security measures during the global war on terror

Fairweather, Patty Allison.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 107 p. : col. ill. ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.39%
CHDS State/Local; Political responses to terrorism in the United States and the international community have been to place limitations upon and/or to suspend civil liberties. Since constraining civil liberties may lead to the spread of terror, balancing the competing interests of individual civil liberties and public safety/security measures imposed by government in times of national emergency is essential to reducing terrorism and to the pursuit of peace. Constitutional courts both federal and state through the mechanism of judicial review serve to guard civil liberties against government encroachment. Yet, some scholars decry judicial review as counter-majoritarian, an illegitimate and undemocratic exercise in a representative democracy, while others laud judicial review as an essential function to advance peace, public participation in governing and legitimating democracy's quest to reduce terrorism. This thesis seeks to transcend the debate over judicial review by exploring the views of State Supreme Court Justices on what factors they consider essential to consider when balancing the competing interests. It invites the reader to engage a global discourse. To participate in the political spaces, judges operate to accept that because judicial review offers an alternative to the sword...

The use of terrorism by drug trafficking organizations' paramilitary groups in Mexico

Barria Issa, Cesar A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 87 p. ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.38%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; In the early 1990s, Drug Trafficking Organizations (DTOs) created their own military arms that later evolved into sophisticated paramilitary groups, now engaged in an all-out war against the state and/or anyone who represents an obstacle for their criminal activities. Furthermore, they are not hesitating to use tactics of extreme violence as terrorism to psychologically impact their enemies and those civilians not supporting them. Historically, terrorism related to drugs is new in Mexico but not in Latin America. The illegal drug trade has funded terrorist groups in Peru and Colombia, empowered criminal organizations and caused them to challenge the state's authority. An objective comparison of these cases can teach important lessons and show new paths to follow in the solution of Mexico's costly conflict. This thesis will define: How, where and why are DTO's paramilitary groups opting for terrorism in Mexico. It will outline the proper mechanisms to counter that terrorism. There is a long way to go to win the war on drugs in Mexico, but in order to apply new long term, less direct, and more social-based strategies, it is urgent for the state to set the proper security conditions in the short term.; Mexican Navy author

A new typology for state-sponsored international terrorism

Reeves, Jeremy R.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 87 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.56%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; State sponsorship of terrorism, though not as prevalent as in previous decades, is still a complex phenomenon our government has yet to adequately address, despite the threat it continues to pose to our national security. Current U.S. policy toward state sponsors of terrorism is constrained by a number of laws, which mandate a host of economic and diplomatic sanctions be put in place when a state is designated as a sponsor of terrorism. As such, policymakers must careful consider all of the complex ramifications before labeling an offending state for fear of alienating necessary allies and harming the international economy. This paper argues a more effective response to state-sponsored terrorism can be found through a deeper understanding of the phenomenon. To this end, a new typology for state-sponsored terrorism is presented, offering policymakers a nuanced approach to dealing with offending states. The primary benefit of such an approach is the inherent flexibility to tailor U.S. response to the precise relationship between the terrorist organization and its state sponsor. States currently on the State Department's list of state sponsors of terrorism and states that should be are examined...

Understanding the Military's role in ending state-sponsored terrorism

Arthur, Kevin R.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 77 p. ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.55%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; Countries sponsoring and supporting terrorism impede the efforts of the United States and the international community to fight terrorism. Until states that support terrorism cease such sponsorship, they remain a critical foundation for terrorist groups and their operations. The purpose of this thesis is to examine the U.S. military's role in coercing states to cease their sponsorship of terrorism. Using game theory, this thesis analyzes the utility of military force against state-sponsored terrorism. It explains why past military responses did not pose a credible threat and were thus, an ineffective instrument of national power. It then examines how military force is employed in the current war on terrorism. The findings of this thesis suggest that the limited military strikes employed against states for their role in terrorist attacks prior to September 11, 2001, preconditioned the leaders of supportive states to believe U.S. leadership lacked commitment in its strategy to end statesponsored terrorism. The findings also suggest the dramatic change in the United States' method of employing its military forces against state sponsors of terrorism after September 11, 2001, created the credible...

Terrorism 101- knowledge about the "What and Why" of terrorism as a state and local law enforcement competency

Maples, LD M.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xii, 81 p. : ill. ;
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.56%
CHDS State/Local; In the wake of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, state and local police agencies were thrust into new homeland security related roles. One area specifically identified in national strategies and, then, supported by expert opinions for enhancing law enforcement's abilities to prevent terrorism is through enhanced knowledge and education regarding terrorism. Terrorism has been the subject of academic work even prior to the 9/11 attacks. Some of this work has looked at the underlying causes that compel people to threaten and use violence to achieve their individual or group objectives. This body of work is a resource for law enforcement to bridge gaps between national strategies and current practices. The primary focus of this research is to assess the current state of terrorism training for state and local law enforcement officials. It looks at whether the subject of terrorism is a core professional competency for law enforcement officials in every state and, specifically, if state and local police are being exposed to knowledge about the causes and motivations associated with terrorism in order to better understand, and ultimately, prevent it. Surveys and interviews of state officials are conducted in order to gather data about the current state of terrorism related training throughout the nation. A qualitative analysis is conducted in order to further assess the content of select course content and identify potential training and educational gaps.; Lieutenant...

The new face of the Security Council since 9/11 : global counter-terrorism, human rights and international law

GINSBORG, Lisa
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.36%
Defence date: 6 June 2014; Examining Board: Professor Martin Scheinin (EUI Supervisor); Professor Nehal Bhuta, EUI; Professor Iain Cameron, University of Uppsala; Professor Erika de Wet, University of Pretoria.; The post 9/11 innovations in the Security Council's counter-terrorist practice point in the direction of a metamorphosis in the functions of the Security Council, from a body addressing security threats to a body developing a criminal and security policy with both legislative and quasi-judicial functions. Focusing on two separate but related resolutions adopted by the UN Security Council under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, and their resulting counter-terrorist regimes, the first part of the thesis argues that the post 9/11 counter-terrorism measures adopted by the Security Council broke new grounds by stretching the boundaries of space and time which should limit the Security Council's action under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, and its specific, preliminary nature. The thesis then turns to investigate the Security Council practice in its post 9/11 counter-terrorist initiatives, through the work of its two Committees: the 1373 Counter-Terrorism Committee and the 1267 Sanctions Committee. Through an in depth analysis into the day-to-day work of the Committees...

Domestic Terrorism: The Hidden Side of Political Violence

SANCHEZ-CUENCA, Ignacio; DE LA CALLE, Luis
Fonte: Annual Reviews Publicador: Annual Reviews
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.36%
This article reviews the literature on the onset and dynamics of domestic terrorism, with special emphasis on the interactions between terrorist organizations, the state, and society. Because this literature has often been based on case studies, we seek to impose some structure to its findings. We challenge the distinction between domestic and international terrorism, which truncates the sample of violence, and we show that the actor-sense of terrorism (violence carried out by underground organizations) is the most appropriate model for causal analysis. Terrorist organizations tend to emerge in developed countries in which the state is able to prevent the loss of control over and part of its territory Terrorists take advantage of the state's mistakes (when, for example, it is over-repressive or makes ineffective concessions) in order to boost their support. Terrorists cannot survive without some degree of support. Consequently, levels of violence and targets are determined by social constraints.

Similar Threat : Different responses : France and the UK facing Islamist terrorism

FOLEY, Frank
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Paper
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.38%
Defense date: 16/06/2008; Examining Board: Theo Farrell (King's College, London), Friedrich Kratochwil (EUI), Pascal Vennesson (EUI/RSCAS) (Supervisor), Paul Wilkinson (St. Andrews); This thesis seeks to explain why two states, faced with a similar terrorist threat, perceiving it in a similar way and drawing the same broad implications for their counterterrorist policies, have nevertheless displayed significant differences in their responses to that threat. Claiming that France and the UK have faced a similar type and level of threat from Islamist terrorism in recent years, the thesis shows that British and French officials’ similar perceptions of the militants facing them (as unrestrained and focused on producing mass casualties) has led both states to adhere to a preventive logic of counterterrorism. In this context, there has been some convergence between the two states’ counterterrorist legal frameworks and operations. Notwithstanding these common elements, I argue that different domestic institutional conditions and normative contexts in the two states are proving to be powerful factors for divergence between their respective responses to Islamist terrorism. Institutional legacies - at both the state and organisational levels - affect whether and how counterterrorist agencies and different branches of the state work together in the fight against terrorism. The contrasting institutional conditions found in Britain and France mean that the two states have achieved different types and degrees of co-operation between counterterrorist intelligence...

Air Power and Trans-National Terrorism: the Possibilities, Advantages and Limits to Using Australian Air Power in the 'War on Terror'.

Gray-Murphy, Sam
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.58%
Although terrorism is by no means a new phenomenon, contemporary trans-national terrorist groups are an increasingly prominent source of threat to Australians and Australian interests around the world. Terrorism is not primarily a military problem, yet the severity of the contemporary threat calls for the Australian Defence Force (ADF) to assume a greater share of the counter-terrorism burden. The fight against trans-national terrorism will not be easy; it promises to be long and will involve all elements of national power, including air power. Air Power has the capacity to make a significant contribution to Australia's counter-terrorism efforts and effectively exploiting such a vital 'force enhancer' will benefit Australian national security. Predicting the future strategic environment is an inherently demanding task that seldom produces accurate forecasts. Whilst it is tempting to suggest that low-intensity conflicts and counter-terrorism operations will be the warfighting way of the future, one cannot discount the ever-present, albeit unlikely, threat of a high-impact, conventional military contingency. Australia's involvement in the so-called 'War on Terror' should not become the Royal Australian Air Force's (RAAF) primary strategic focus. However...

Parliament to the diary room: are we trading in civil liberties for a big brother state?

Slattery, Tim
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.44%
Since the September 11th terrorist attacks on the World Trade Centre in New York the Australian perspective on tetTorism has significantly shifted, becoming a focal point which has largely dominated Australia's foreign policy and, more recently, Australia's domestic security policies. This change has seen amendments made to the Australian Security Intelligence Organis ation Act 1979 in 2002, as well as proposed changes in the form of the Anti-Terrorism Bill 2004. Whilst the introduction of these new laws has been touted as necessary to increase Australia's security, they are for many a frightening reduction of civil liberties. This report seeks to highlight the impact of the current Australian Security Intelligence Organisa tion Act 1979 and the proposed Anti-Te rrorism Bill 2005 on civil liberties in Australia. Due to limitations this report will focus only on the questioning and detention powers in the ASIO legislation , as well as the control orders and preventative detention orders in the proposed legislation. This report will conclude that the current and proposed anti-terror legislation infringe too greatly on civil liberties and as such will recommend that legislation is introduced entrenching civil liberties into the Australian legal system. Chapter 1 of this report will investigate the existence of civil liberties in an Australian legal context by examining the express and implied rights within the Australian Constitution and the Common Law. It will also briefly outline civil liberties in international law. Civil liberties in Australia are by no means expansive...

Human Rights Violations under the Guise of Counter-Terrorism Measures: A Question of Reconciling Security Concerns and Protecting the Fundamental Right to Life

OPOKU, EFUA BABOA
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.46%
Both security and human rights are important to all within the civilized world. Yet there are some serious tensions between the two political norms. For instance, it may not be easy for a state or the international community to reconcile well intentioned acts to maintain security and to preserve human rights. In the recent past, such a difficulty has been played out not only in the events, but also in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States. The result of the attacks, culminating in the massive loss of lives and property, has been in the adoption of various international treaties and domestic laws that have swiftly been enacted and deployed to counter terrorism, and the development of a concept of a state of “urgency” that appears to shadow the obligation to protect fundamental human rights, particularly the right to life under international law. This thesis thus focuses on the promotion and protection of fundamental human rights, particularly, the right to life with the subsequent declaration of the “war on terror” by the United States. The work targets the debate between security and human rights in the light of terrorism post 9/11, highlights the impact of choosing one ideal over another...

Razão de Estado e política antiterrorismo nos Estados Unidos; Reason of State and United States anti-terrorism policy

Geraldo Alves Teixeira Junior
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/10/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.41%
O pensamento sobre a razão de Estado pode ser dito fundamental para a política moderna, já que seu desenvolvimento inicial coincide com o do próprio surgimento do Estado. Onde crescia a razão de Estado, crescia o Estado, que por sua vez fomentava aquela política. Acusada de ocorrer à revelia da moral, essa circularidade e o acúmulo de poder que ela envolve foi certamente responsável por consolidar o Estado como instituição quaseuniversal. A consolidação das instituições estatais não extinguiu, contudo, a razão de Estado, que como técnica de poder ou como pretensa racionalidade superior acompanhou os distintos momentos da política. A presente pesquisa examina inicialmente o contexto histórico e intelectual que originou o pensamento sobre a razão de Estado a fim de permitir uma visão panorâmica do tema na teoria política. Após o estudo histórico discorre-se sobre os diversos elementos que compõem este tema e analisa-se os modos pelos quais eles operam na prática política. Nesta primeira parte são utilizados diversos textos de reconhecidos estudiosos do pensamento político, como Friedrich Meinecke, Carl J. Friedrich, Quentin Skinner e Michel Senellart, mas recorre-se também diretamente aos textos históricos de Nicolau Maquiavel...

Quando o inimigo ultrapassa a fronteira : as conexões repressivas entre a ditadura civil-militar brasileira e o Uruguai (1964-1973)

Fernandes, Ananda Simões
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.37%
Esta dissertação tem por objetivo demonstrar as conexões repressivas estabelecidas entre a ditadura civil-militar brasileira e o Uruguai ainda em seu período democrático, desde 1964 até 1973, anos em que esses países sofreram o golpe de Estado, respectivamente. Analisa-se a ditadura brasileira a partir do conceito de Terrorismo de Estado, considerando-se que esta pode ser assim caracterizada tanto pela sua política no plano interno quanto no plano externo. Ou seja, o regime civil-militar promoveu o Terrorismo de Estado ao aplicar as diretrizes da Doutrina de Segurança Nacional na luta interna contra a "subversão", mas também ao exportar técnicas repressivas para os demais países do Cone Sul, ajudando a cooperar com as ditaduras que seriam instituídas a partir dos golpes de Estado na década de 1970. Desde o golpe de 1964, o Brasil, em cooperação com as forças de segurança do Uruguai, possuía um sistema de informações para averiguar as ações dos exilados brasileiros que se aí encontravam. A partir da decretação do Ato Institucional nº. 5, em dezembro de 1968, começavam os "anos de chumbo" da ditadura brasileira, período de maior repressão e de intensivo intercâmbio de técnicas coercitivas. No Uruguai...