This special perspectives section features commentary on the implications of the Srebrenica massacre for U.S. foreign policy. Given the 20-year anniversary of the massacre, we felt that it was appropriate to invite a range of scholars to participate in a forum to address different aspects of the tragedy and its aftermath in the context of U.S. foreign policy. The forum is structured around a commentary by David Gibbs, author of First Do No Harm: Humanitarian Intervention and the Destruction of Yugoslavia, Vanderbilt University Press, 2009. Gibbs article, "How the Srebrenica Massacre Redefined U.S. Foreign Policy," is featured below. Within the next month, we will have responses to Gibbs' argument from several experts on the subject, followed by a closing commentary by Gibbs.
As this article goes to press, a new development has emerged: “The Obama administration is moving to designate the Islamic State’s murderous attacks on the Yazidi in Iraq an act of ‘genocide,’” according to a press report. It should be recalled that last year, the regime of Bashir Assad was widely believed to be committing genocide in Syria, and in 2011, Muammar Gaddafi was at least planning a genocide in Libya. And in all of these cases, the claims of genocide were widely accompanied by calls for US and NATO intervention...
This paper presents an analysis of video-recordings and other micro-level data of the 1995 Srebrenica massacre in Bosnia-and-Herzegovina. It focuses on the sequential unfolding of micro-interactions and emotional dynamics before, and over the course of the atrocity. The paper argues that massacres have a pattern of situational emergence: local emotional dynamics are crucial to explain where and when atrocities do or do not come off and what form they take on the micro-level. It is shown that (1) micro-interactions constitute situational turning-points, towards or away from atrocities and that (2) local emotional dynamics shape the internal structure of atrocities, i.e. their internal dynamics of killings. The analysis is based on recent advances in the micro-sociology of violence by Collins, Katz, and Grossman, as well as Ekman's research tools for identifying emotional cues in micro-data.
This piece comprises the responses of six scholars to the article posted in this same issue of Class, Race and Corporate Power by David N. Gibbs titled "How the Srebrenica Massacre Redefined US Foreign Policy."
What it would be like to be tasked with finding, exhuming from dozens of mass graves, and then identifying the body-parts of an estimated 8,100 victims of the 1995 Srebrenica massacre in eastern Bosnia? In 1999 one DNA laboratory, run by the International Commission on Missing Persons in Sarajevo, decided to try and solve “the world’s greatest forensic puzzle’. In this book Christian Jennings aims to describe how this was done, and how these new forensic techniques are now being used identify the victims of Hurricane Katrina and the Indian Ocean tsunami. Julia Himmrich finds that although this book may disappoint academics, it does deliver some informed insights on different aspects of the conflict for new readers.
"Investigating Srebrenica: Institutions, Facts, Responsibilities." Isabelle Delpla, Xavier Bougarel and Jean-Louis Fournel (eds.). Berghahn Books. April 2012. --- This volume aims to present a systematic, comparative analysis of the many international investigations and reports into the Srebrenica massacre. It brings together analyses from both the external standpoint of academics and the inside perspective of various professionals who participated directly in the enquiries, including police officers, members of parliament, high-ranking civil servants, and other experts. This is a book that not only reminds us of the horrors of what happened in Srebrenica, but also warns us about the mechanics behind writing history and attributing responsibility, writes Laura Bernal-Bermúdez.
This is a novel study of the German press’ visual and textual coverage of the wars in
Bosnia (1992-95) and Kosovo (1998-99). Key moments have been selected and
analysed from both wars using a broad range of publications ranging from extreme-right
to extreme-left and including broadsheets, a tabloid and a news-magazine, key moments
have been selected from both wars.
Two sections with parallel chapters form the core of the thesis. The first deals with the
war in Bosnia and the second the conflict in Kosovo. Each section contains one chapter
on the initial phase of the conflict, one chapter on an important atrocity – namely the
Srebrenica Massacre in Bosnia and the Račak incident in Kosovo – and lastly a chapter
each on the international involvement which ended the immediate violence. The
coverage of nine national publications is closely examined for each timeframe. The
thesis examines how the various events were covered, what sources were used and what
insights the publications conveyed. Where possible, a further comparative perspective
has been added by the inclusion of German parliamentary debates and the relevant UN
press releases. This provides a useful comparison between the political discourse and
the coverage of the German press.
Special attention has been paid to four key themes...