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O projeto Nova Luz e a renovação urbana na região da Luz: o espaço urbano como condição e produto da acumulação e como espaço de reprodução da vida; Project New Light and renewal in the region of Luz: the urban space as a condition and product accumulation and as an space of reproduction of life

Pereira, Aglaé Vaz
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/12/2009 PT
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Essa pesquisa tem como objetivo fundamental analisar o processo de produção e reprodução social do espaço urbano e como se processa o desenvolvimento da contradição entre apropriação/dominação do espaço urbano na metrópole São Paulo, em especial na Região da Luz, área central da cidade. Entender esse processo implica considerar, em sua diversidade, a realidade sócio-econômica, política e cultural vivenciada pelos habitantes, comerciantes e usuários da Região da Luz, que também traduz a dinâmica da sociedade capitalista contemporânea. No desenvolver da pesquisa foi necessário estabelecer uma mediação e esta se deu com a realização de vínculos de amizade com habitantes, usuários e comerciantes da área. A análise mostrou que na base do processo de produção e reprodução do espaço na metrópole São Paulo está a reprodução contraditória do espaço urbano. Enquanto Estado e iniciativa privada, de modo interligado e ou independente disputam o uso do espaço, transformando-o em instrumento de dominação, as pessoas de modo geral tendem a se apropriar do espaço para a sua reprodução da vida. Nesses momentos é possível a emergência das insurgências contra o concebido; o estabelecido pelas ações que normatizam o espaço. Dimensão relevante como ponto de partida para a compreensão dessa produção espacial foi a reflexão sobre o conceito de espaço elaborado ao longo da história e sua possibilidade de apropriação e de uso...

Tempos e espaços vividos : a produtividade das configurações espaço-temporais a partir do cotidiano de um laboratório de pesquisa; Time and space lived: the productivity of space-time configurations from the routine of a research laboratory

Susin, Loredana
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
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Nesta Tese de Doutorado, procuro conhecer e entender o funcionamento das configurações espaço-temporais exercidas em um laboratório de pesquisa em bioquímica, visando mostrar seus possíveis efeitos nos processos que constituem as subjetividades. O entendimento de tempo e espaço como categorias socialmente construídas levou-me a buscar compreender os processos sócio-históricos relacionados à sua construção. Inicialmente, apresento o olhar histórico que empreendi com a finalidade de mostrar a emergência das categorias tempo e espaço, entendidas como noções constitutivas de modos de pensar o mundo e a si mesmo. Com esse olhar, busco compreender as implicações dessas categorias na vida das pessoas em diferentes épocas. Para tanto, revisito alguns momentos históricos, desde a Antigüidade até a contemporaneidade, mostrando as compreensões, as necessidades e as estratégias relacionadas ao tempo e ao espaço, marcando continuidades e descontinuidades nesses períodos. A partir dessas reflexões, procuro tornar visíveis o caráter construído dessas noções e o funcionamento das configurações espaço-temporais, assim como chamar a atenção para possíveis efeitos na vida das pessoas. No segundo momento, trago as discussões e as análises do percurso investigativo desta Tese...

Design and testing of a Stewart Platform Augmented Manipulator for space applications

Fong, Terrence W
Fonte: Space Systems Laboratory, Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Space Systems Laboratory, Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 260 p.; 13212612 bytes; 14114004 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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Terrence W. Fong.; Thesis (M.S.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1990.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 129-130).; Sponsored by NASA. NAGW-21

The Nature and structure of space

Fowler, Gregory (1980 - ); Wierenga, Edward R. (1947 - )
Fonte: University of Rochester Publicador: University of Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Number of Pages:ix, 184 leaves
ENG
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Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Rochester. Dept. of Philosophy, 2009.; In my dissertation, I address a variety of issues in the metaphysics of space and related areas. I begin by discussing the popular thesis that regions of space are identical to sets of points in space. I present three arguments against this thesis and conclude that we should be skeptical of it. In its place, I propose an axiomatic theory of regions of space that is consistent with both reductive accounts of their nature and with accounts that treat them as sui generis entities. I next explore the consequences of the aforementioned considerations. In particular, I describe five different sorts of structure each of which is such that the claim that space could have that structure is consistent with the axiomatic theory previously proposed. I claim that this fact, together with the skepticism concerning reductive accounts argued for earlier, shows that we should take seriously the claim that space could have any of these structures. Having argued that we should be skeptical of the thesis that regions of space are identical to sets of points in space and suggesting that space could have different sorts of structure, I discuss how best to analyze continuity. I present an analysis of continuity inspired by remarks of Richard Cartwright in his 1975 paper ‘Scattered Objects’. I argue that this Cartwrightian analysis should be rejected because it identifies regions of space with sets of points in space...

Space law : selected basic documents : staff report

United States -- Congress. -- Senate. -- Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences
Fonte: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.; U.S. Govt. Print. Off. ( Washington ) Publicador: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.; U.S. Govt. Print. Off. ( Washington )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: iii, 464 p. : ; 24 cm.
Publicado em //1976 ENGLISH
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(Bibliography) Bibliography: p. 463-464.; (Additional Physical Form) Also available in electronic format.; CIS Microfiche Accession Numbers: CIS 77 S122-3; Reuse of record except for individual research requires license from Congressional Information Service, Inc.; Issued Dec. 30, 1976.; At head of title: 94th Congress, 2d session. Committee print.; Reuse of record except for individual research requires license from LexisNexis Academic & Library Solutions.; "80-608 O"; "December 30, 1976."; "Printed for the use of the Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences."; (Statement of Responsibility) prepared for the use of the Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences, United States Senate.

The importance of Complex Product Systems to the space industry in Australia : a small satellite case study

Moody, James Bradfield
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN
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The great paradox of the space industry in Australia is why, given a strong history of space involvement and a capacity for excellence in space and other complex projects, Australia is unique among developed countries in that it does not have a recognisable space agency and it has little space policy. To try and understand this paradox, this thesis follows the development of the FedSat satellite project, formed in 1998 to ‘re-ignite the Australian Space Industry’. It asks the central question, “Can Australia develop an indigenous satellite industry made up if high-value, complex products?”, framed against the backdrop of innovation, management and policy issues in a multidisciplinary context. The techniques used to analyse the FedSat project draw heavily on the Complex Product System (CoPS) framework, which proposes that high-cost, one-off products have unique innovation, management and policy dimensions and as such, require a different approach to analysis. It is found that CoPS are not only an ideal mechanism for analysing a satellite project, but also a means of placing the space industry within the purview of innovation theory for future comparison with other projects across a range of industry sectors. Within the space industry...

Australian educational space activities

Van Truong, Toan
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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In the light of the new development for a regulatory regime for scientific and educational space activities by Space Licensing and Safety Office (SLASO), this project was established to assess the background, status and prospect of the current Australian educational space activities that might require authorisation under the Space Activities Act 1998. The project investigated the appropriateness of the regime as well as any problems or issues that educational space activities might face when applying for approvals. The current educational space activities that might require authorisation and that is fit in the scope of this project were: Mars Gravity Biosatellite and Hyshot Program (both from University of Queensland), JAESAT (Queensland University of Technology), BLUESAT (University of New South Wales) and the Spiders in Space Program (Glen Waverley Secondary College, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, and Melbourne Zoo). The Spiders in Space Program (an initiative of Spacehab) which was developed to experiment the spiders spinning webs on board the Columbia space shuttle had finished off its activities following the explosion of the space shuttle. There was no desirable data obtained. It was interesting to find out that the collaboration project between Glen Waverley Secondary School...

Summary of Research 2001, Space Systems Academic Group

Faculty of the Naval Postgraduate School, Space Systems Academic Group
Fonte: Office of the Associate Provost and Dean of Research, Naval Postgraduate School. Publicador: Office of the Associate Provost and Dean of Research, Naval Postgraduate School.
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
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The views expressed in this report arc those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of Defense or U.S. Government.; This report contains project summaries of the research projects in the Space Systems Academic Group. A list of recent publications is also included, which consists of conference presentations and publications, books, contributions to books, published journal papers, and technical reports. Thesis abstract of students advised by faculty in the Department are also included.

Benefits of a space-based group system architecture

Colvin, Brandon J.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The volatility in today’s economics has resulted in government attempts to reduce cost while maintaining performance. One of the elements examined by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency was the idea of fractionating a current monolithic satellite system into several smaller, space-based group (SBG) satellites. This architecture would allow for multiple, smaller, and less expensive satellites to work together to accomplish the several missions. This study focused on research and analysis of the system FireSat. The analysis removed the ground communications suite from the sensor platform. A Microsoft Excel spreadsheet was used to develop the resulting cost relation for the sensor-only satellite. Using assumptions provided by that analysis, three additional systems, currently in operation, were examined for cost savings if placed into the SBG. The Tracking and Data Relay Satellite was used as a basis for cost of a communications satellite. The cost analysis resulted in an estimated $52 million FY15 to the space segments alone. Additional research is required to determine cost savings within the full architecture and develop a risk-cost analysis to determine whether cost could be further reduced due to higher reliability...

Fighting in a contested space environment: training Marines for operations with degraded or denied space-enabled capabilities

Garcia, David M.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Space is an increasingly congested, contested and competitive environment. At the same time, the Marine Corps is becoming increasingly reliant on the capabilities space-based assets provide. This includes each of the space force enhancement capabilities, but particularly satellite-based voice and data communication; position, navigation, and timing information; and battlefield intelligence. Space capabilities are vulnerable to both space-based and terrestrial-based countermeasures. This study was conducted to determine the extent to which the Marine Corps educates and trains warfighters to operate in a battlefield where space-centric enabling capabilities are degraded or denied. The study surveyed the systems and capabilities on which the Marine Corps relies in order to enhance its execution of the highly dynamic range of military operations as well as the threats to those systems and capabilities. Furthermore, the study examined to what levels and extent related training and education should take place, and which venues would best host that training. Based on the analysis, this thesis recommends leveraging internal Marine Corps expertise, increasing integration of space-related education and training into schoolhouse curricula and training exercises...

Integrating space systems operations at the Marine expeditionary force level

Garcia, Robert R.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The Marine Corps is the nation’s expeditionary force in readiness and is ready to act in any capacity, at any time, and any place. A critical enabler to the success of the Marine Corps against technologically advanced adversaries in remote, austere environments, is the ability to effectively exploit space-based capabilities to maximize the operational effectiveness of the force. To this end, the Marine Corps has invested in a number of tactical space-trained personnel but has not yet fully begun to integrate space operations into Marine Expeditionary Force training, exercises, and deployments. This thesis reveals how dependent the Marine Corps is on space-based capabilities and reviews the current methods by which each Marine Expeditionary Force integrates space into day-to-day operations. This study finds that current progress is hindered due to a poor understanding among staff members of what space can bring to the fight, a non-standardized organizational structure within the Fires and Effects Coordination Center, the absence of uniform space training and assessment criteria, sparse equipment, and a critical lack of dedicated space-trained personnel to help plan for, train to...

Operationally Responsive Space (ORS) architecture for the year 2025

Hansen, K.; S. Kennedy,; Ledoux, S.; Senn, M.; Turner, J.; Rayburn, J.; Kacala, J.; Hatcher, B.; Widmann, M.; Carson, J.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório Formato: xii, 93 p.: ill. (some col.);28 cm.
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The Unites States' first space systems programs, to include launch, ground, and space segments and their associated infrastructure, were initially developed to meet the requirements of the strategic users. Since the 1991 Gulf War, there has been a growing dependence on the capabilities and support delivered by those programs to meet requirements of non-strategic users. The current National Security Space (NSS) architecture makes it rather difficult and challenging for all but critical strategic users to fully capitalize on the available assets. Timelines that were once adequate to deliver strategic capabilities are now not sufficient to allow a broader range of users to realize the benefit from using the available space systems. In addition, the non-strategic users run into challenges when they attempt to change the tasking requirements that would enable them to receive associated products / services that are useful and timely. With the identified gaps in the current NSS environment, the Integrated Product Team (IPT), consisting of ten active duty military students, sought solutions to make space more Operationally Responsive to its customers by 2025. Due to limited time and assets, the IPT narrowed the focus of the project to the four Joint Publication (JP) 3-14 Joint Doctrine for Space Operations mission areas of Space Support...

Operationally responsive space: creating responsive space for America

Anderson, Brian; Arledge, Richard; Bein, Alexander; Braszko, Alexander; Collier, Corey; Crook, Mathew; Fitzgerald, Gregory; Gleckel, Gerry; Messer, Samuel; Smith, Phillip
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório Formato: xvi, 114 p.: ill. (some col. and col. maps);28 cm.
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Tactical space support has earned a reputation as unresponsive and the Operationally Responsive Space Office was created in 2007 to address this for the military. The intent of this course project is to use an educational research approach to develop a future architecture that will make space responsive in 2025. This paper evaluates the shortcomings that hinder quick and effective space-based support to the U.S. Military and Intelligence Community. The current space community is fragmented; preventing quick, unified decisions, and does not have the executive clout necessary to lead effectively. Our group's solution creates a Department of Space at the cabinet level. The Department of Space will unify the space community, promoting quicker decisions with one common and consistent vision. This change would enable unified plans and policies as well as allow one organization to prioritize all of the space programs. The responsive culture would facilitate other needed changes to Space Operations, Launch and Acquisition.

An operationally responsive space architecture for 2025

Atkins, Rob; Bass, Aaron; Francis, Mike; Jablonski, Dave; Nelson, Jeff; Poiro, Zeke; Richardson, Craig
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório Formato: xii, 75 p.: ill. (some col.);28 cm.
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The distance learning team was tasked to produce an architecture that would best support future Operationally Responsive Space requirements in the 2025 timeframe. The 'bottom line up front' to this analysis showed that the current space architecture already provides some level of responsiveness. However, ORS will demand modifications of the current space architecture vice certain 'pre-conceived' notions of quick launch or a separate ORS architecture altogether. The team developed a 'baseline' vision for deeper analysis focused on the Combatant Commander supported by analytical categories named 'Pillars as follows: Improved Organizational Relationships, Asset Loss Mitigation, Availability, Flexibility, and Streamlined Acquisition Processes. These pillars allowed the solutions, material and non-material, to be organized for further analysis, relevancy, and value to the architecture. Constraints and alternative solutions were considered. Analysis was further supported by a performance versus cost process which provided a final test of solution feasibility. Relative cost was determined by comparison of existing program or like capabilities with future inflation. Differing combinations of solutions could provide ORS value by modification of the metrics. The final analysis showed an Operationally Responsive Space architecture that meets all metrics and that could support all COCOM requirements.

The space shuttle : an attempt at low-cost, routine access to space

Wonch, Jeffrey D.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: viii, 105 p. ill.
EN_US
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Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.; This thesis examines the Space Shuttle's purpose of low-cost, routine access to space and how the lessons learned during the Space Shuttle program have affected the thinking on new heavy-fit launch systems. The thesis objective is to show the Space Shuttle was an attempt at developing a routine, low-cost access to space but, because of Shuttle-unique capabilities, cost-effective operations may never be realized with the Shuttle system. The Space Shuttle concept definition is addressed and the impact on design by DOD influence. The Space Shuttle developmental history is presented, and how budgetary constraints, coupled with NASA's desire to build a low-cost system resulted in over-runs in schedule and costs. The thesis looks at the operational period of the Space Shuttle, the use of Government subsidies to keep the price of a Shuttle launch artificially low, and the difficulties experienced by NASA in maintaining planned launch schedule. The Challenger accident resulted in restructure of U.S. space policy as well as how the Shuttle will be used in the future. In conclusion, lessons learned from the Space Shuttle program are presented that the next generation of space transportation systems can build upon.; Lieutenant...

Toward a national space warfighting architecture : forging a framework for debate about space-based operational and tactical combat support

Work, Robert O.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: vi, 189 p.
EN_US
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Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.; The primary objective of this thesis is to propose a template for a National Space Warfighting Architecture (NSWA). The template is intended to fill the void that exists between national security space policies and the services' space warfighting plans. As such, it will provide a unifying framework for follow-on discussions and debate about the proper direction of space-based operational and tactical combat support. In support of this objective, this thesis aims to: provide the proper focus for the architecture; identify the key conceptual ideas that should drive its development; establish a common vocabulary among managers of the Space-based Strategic Reconnaissance Surveillance Program, service space support officers, and terrestrial warfighters; develop a logical and meaningful architectural organizational approach; facilitate the comparison between space-based and terrestrial-based combat support systems; and show how the NSWA fits within the larger framework of the National Space Program.; Major, United States Marine Corps

Space situational awareness CubeSat concept of operations

O'Brien, Tolulope E.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xviii, 67 p. : ill. (chiefly col.), col. maps. ; 28 cm.
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The concept of space situational awareness (SSA) is important to preserve manned and unmanned space operations. Traditionally, ground based radar, electro-optical sensors and very limited space-based assets have been used as part of the space surveillance network (SSN) to track orbital debris, inactive and active satellites alike. With the current SSN assets aging and the need for SSA growing, it is important to explore new ways to ensure proper SSA is maintained to preserve space operations. The Space-based Telescope for the Actionable Refinement of Ephemeris (STARE) project was initiated to explore the potential for a cube satellite (CubeSat) to contribute to the current SSN, with an optical payload integrated into a 3U Colony II Bus. The bus and payload data from the CubeSat will be collected by the Naval Postgraduate School Mobile CubeSat Command and Control ground station. Telemetry data from the bus will be analyzed at NPS and the payload data at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. This thesis outlines the concept of operation for the STARE CubeSat and investigates the possibility of using the data generated by STARE to augment the SSN to reduce the errors associated with conjunction analysis performed at the Joint Space Operations Center.; US Navy (USN) author

Issues in space law and policy

Padget, Steven A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: ix, 127 p.
EN_US
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis provides a student studying space with background information and insight into selected issues that have shaped, or continue to shape, the world's approach to activities involving space. Further, the basic understanding gained through the study of these issues and their connection with international treaties and policies gives an appreciation for the regulatory side of space programs. Some of the topics discussed are the delimitation and control of space, space debris, and the interpretation of the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. Though they are often seen as issues in space law, it is shown that political considerations and decisions more often determine the outcome or path followed. Further, technical aspects and applications have seemingly usurped any laws which govern use. Regardless, a commitment to the future use of space is as important as current operations. This does not imply a need to quickly fill this legal void with well-meaning rules to provide structure. Rather, it is seen that certain laws do need to be created in order to ensure the continued access and use of space will not be interrupted; http://archive.org/details/issuesinspacelaw00padg; Lieutenant Commander...

Proposal for a United Nations Basic Space Technology Initiative

Balogh, W. R.; Haubold, H. J.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 08/01/2012
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The United Nations Programme on Space Applications, implemented by the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, promotes the benefits of space-based solutions for sustainable economic and social development. The Programme assists Member States of the United Nations to establish indigenous capacities for the use of space technology and its applications. In the past the Programme has primarily been focusing on the use of space applications and on basic space science activities. However, in recent years there has been a strong interest in a growing number of space-using countries to build space technology capacities, for example, the ability to develop and operate small satellites. In reaction to this development, the United Nations in cooperation with the International Academy of Astronautics has been organizing annual workshops on small satellites in the service of developing countries. Space technology related issues have also been addressed as part of various other activities of the Programme on Space Applications. Building on these experiences, the Office for Outer Space Affairs is now considering the launch of a new initiative, preliminarily titled the United Nations Basic Space Technology Initiative (UNBSTI), to promote basic space technology development. The initiative would be implemented in the framework of the Programme on Space Applications and its aim would be to help building sustainable capacities for basic space technology education and development...

Legal challenges relating to the commercial use of outer space, with specific reference to space tourism

Ferreira-Snyman,A
Fonte: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad Publicador: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
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Since the launch of the first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1 in 1957, the outer space arena has evolved to include non-state entities, which are becoming serious participants in outer space activities themselves, including venturing into the space tourism market. Although space tourism is still in its infancy, it is estimated that the number of space tourists will substantially increase within the next few years. As space tourist activities increase, accidents will inevitably occur, which will give rise to legal questions relating to the duty of states to rescue space tourists in distress, and the liability for damages. This contribution points out that the current outer space treaty regime, which focuses on the use of outer space by states, is to a large extent outdated and that it cannot adequately deal with the unique legal challenges presented by the rapidly developing space tourism industry. This situation is exacerbated by the fact that the outer space legal framework is very fragmented -consisting of treaties, UN principles and guidelines, regional regulations and intergovernmental agreements, as well as national guidelines and legislation. In order to ensure that space tourism is indeed to the benefit of all mankind, it is imperative that clear international legal rules relating to space tourism be formulated...