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Soberania: conceito e aplicação para a gestão da água; Sovereignty: concept and application for water management; Soberanía: concepto y aplicación para la gestión del agua

Ribeiro, Wagner
Fonte: Univ. Barcebona, Dept Geografia Humana; Barcelona Publicador: Univ. Barcebona, Dept Geografia Humana; Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
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Domínio sobre um território. Monopólio do uso da força. Possibilidade de indicar representantes em outros países. Promover acordos bilaterais ou com organismos multilaterais. Essas são algumas das definições clássicas de soberania. Elas são válidas atualmente? Teriam perdido significado diante do avanço de organismos multilaterais e de empresas transnacionais? São operacionais na resolução de problemas transfronteiriços, como ocorre em grande parte dos temas ambientais? Esses aspectos são discutidos a partir de autores clássicos e contemporâneos que abordam a soberania. É preciso rever a definição de soberania, sem precisar abandoná-la como defendem neoliberais, para reafirmar seu papel relevante nas relações entre países no mundo contemporâneo. Esse é o objetivo central desse artigo, que trata do conceito tendo como exemplo o acesso à água. Para alcançar esse objetivo, ele foi organizado em quatro partes: revisita aos clássicos, a paz de Westfália, o debate contemporâneo e as considerações finais.; Control over a territory. Monopoly on the use of force. Ability to nominate representatives in other countries. Promoting bilateral agreements or with multilateral organizations. These are some of the classic definitions of sovereignty. Are they currently valid? Have missed significance in the light of the progress of multilateral organizations and transnational corporations? Are operational in resolving cross border problems such as occurs in most environmental issues? These aspects are discussed from classical and contemporary authors that discuss sovereignty. It is necessary to revise the definition of sovereignty...

Direito internacional dos direitos humanos: uma discussão sobre a relativização da soberania face à efetivação da proteção internacional dos direitos humanos; International law of human rights: a discussion about the sovereignty relativity in face of the effectiveness of the international protection of the human rights.

Taiar, Rogerio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2009 PT
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A presente tese tem como objeto de estudo o direito internacional dos direitos humanos, trazendo como proposição a apresentação de uma nova concepção sobre a soberania. A justificativa que levou à escolha do tema e desenvolvimento do texto aflorou da verificação de diversas teorias emergentes na tentativa de melhor conceber o exercício contemporâneo da soberania estatal, diante da cada vez mais indispensável proteção dos direitos humanos no plano internacional. Esta constatação instigou o aprofundamento do assunto no sentido de contribuir para com o rompimento do dogma da soberania aliada à característica da supremacia, definição persistente que tem justificado a inefetividade do direito internacional dos direitos humanos. A pretensão foi buscar subsídios para a construção de um novo conceito de soberania estatal redesenhado a partir do paradigma da revitalização da soberania em decorrência da efetivação da proteção internacional dos direitos humanos. O texto demonstra que a tensão existente entre a efetivação concreta dos direitos humanos na esfera internacional e a suposta barreira da soberania estatal emerge da tentativa de se explicar institutos jurídicos novos com fundamentos principiológicos tradicionais que...

Território e soberania na globalização: Amazônia, jardim de águas sedento; Land and sovereignty in globalization: Amazon, thirsty water garden

Rodrigues, Edmilson Brito
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/09/2010 PT
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Analisa-se o uso do território no período da globalização e seu rebatimento na soberania. Apreendeu-se o fenômeno da apropriação mercantil dos recursos hídricos, mormente na Amazônia, observando-se a imanência de usos não-mercantis do território como resistência dos lugares. Analisou-se a realidade como uma totalidade dinâmica, norteando-se pelo imperativo ético de uma práxis transformadora. A hipótese é de que o uso do território como recurso mercantil constrange a soberania, tornando o território um crescente de tensões. Como recurso de método, cindiu-se o espaço-tempo segundo eventos normativos, técnicas da ação, significativos da formação socioespacial brasileira. Concebendo-se o espaço como acumulação desigual de tempos, mostrou-se que o processo de reconfiguração geográfica atual tem raízes distantes; que muitos eventos contemporâneos contêm velhas intencionalidades. Entre 1933 e 1960 as bases da modernização atual se estabeleceram; a criação da Diretoria de Águas e a do Código de Águas regularam todas as possibilidades de uso da água. Entre 1960 e 1993 a criação do MME, do DNAEE, e da Eletrobrás aprimoram o poder de planejamento e ação institucionais atinentes ao aproveitamento múltiplo dos recursos hídricos do território; a criação da Eletronorte...

A celebração da unidade: um estudo sobre as concepções de soberania na Assembleia Constituinte de 1823; The Celebration of Unity: a study of the conceptions of sovereignty in the 1823s Constituent Assembly

Lira, Erygeanny Machado de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/12/2014 PT
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Este trabalho tem o objetivo de investigar as formulações políticas, em especial as noções de soberania, no Diário da Assembleia Geral Constituinte e Legislativa do Império, lido no contexto do seu tempo. Imersos no agitado período de transição entre o absolutismo do período colonial e o constitucionalismo que emergia no reino independente, os constituintes de 1823, atentos ao ideário da Revolução Francesa e da Independência das colônias da América do Norte, viram-se envoltos em questões que marcariam a fundação de uma nova ordem política: a primeira girou em torno de decidir quem era o titular da soberania; a segunda, de como se representava essa soberania; e a terceira, de como se limitava seu exercício. Cabe-nos, então, compreender quais os debates que fizeram aparecer o tema e os problemas do conceito de soberania no âmbito da primeira experiência constituinte brasileira.; This study presents an analysis of the political formulations introduced by the Diário da Assembleia Geral Constituinte e Legislativa do Império (Journal of the Constituent and Legislative General Assembly of the Empire). We are particularly concerned with the different conceptions of sovereignty advanced in the text, which is investigated within the context of the time period of its production. In the midst of the turbulent transition from colonial absolutism to constitutionalism in the independent kingdom...

Sovereignty and regional integration in Latin America: a political conundrum?

Almeida,Paulo Roberto de
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Relações Internacionais Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Relações Internacionais
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
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There is an inherent contradiction between the regional integration projects in Latin America, albeit rhetorically conducted, and the staunch defense by most countries of their national sovereignty, which restricts and opposes many liberalization mechanisms implicit in, and necessary to, the integration processes, based on the rendition of sovereignty in some areas of economic relevance, including, and especially, trade and industrial policies, as well as other sectorial measures. The dilemma is historically compounded by a juridical tradition that places the retraction into an introverted version of the sovereignty principle into the context of conceptual elaborations well known in the international law, such as Calvo doctrine and the Drago principle. Brazil is one of the most resolute promoters of the national sovereignty principle among Latin American countries, clearly expressed in its constitutional chart and foreign policy stances, since the Second Hague peace conference of 1907. Other Latin American countries, mainly in Central America and the Caribbean, are much more motivated by real concerns over recurrent United States interventionism in the regional, in some cases by military means. This framework has somewhat infringed on integration projects...

Building "Nuestra América:" national sovereignty and regional integration in the americas

Keller,Renata
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Relações Internacionais Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Relações Internacionais
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
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This article explores the history of regional integration in the Americas, drawing lessons from the diverse ways that people have sought to unite the hemisphere. It begins at the point when most of the modern nation-states of Latin America came into being: the nineteenth-century wars for independence. From there, it traces various attempts at regional integration, keeping in mind three fundamental questions: How does regional integration compromise sovereignty? Does it have to? Is it worth sacrificing sovereignty to increase integration? The article concludes that while every attempt at regional integration in the Americas has required the participants to voluntarily sacrifice some measure of their sovereignty, the most successful efforts have been those that either kept the sacrifice to a minimum or offered significant enough rewards to offset the loss of sovereignty.

Fashioning Sovereignty in Latin American Narrative

Ulloa, Esmeralda
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
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With the arrival of the Europeans, the dressed body became a discursive forum upon which to negotiate the possession of land and the legitimate right to govern in Latin America. In conquest chronicles, the Aristotelian notion that mother nature marked the bodies of those she destined for slavedom came to be applied as a primary discursive tool to justify Spain’s claim to sovereignty. Amerindian forms of dress (or lack thereof) served as visual markers of mental and moral inferiority, lack of civic principles, and an inability of indigenous peoples to self-govern. This study examines the persistence of these impressions of inferiority in modern day body politics. It also questions the applicability of concepts imported from Europe that are involved in the configuration of sovereignty as its formulation changed from something imposed by the conquest to a political principle upon which Latin America’s political communities defined themselves. I analyze the representation of politically charged bodies in four 20th century narratives that dialogue with three crucial moments in the evolution of sovereignty in Latin America (the conquest, the independence movements, and modern-day popular revolutions). Drawing from recent political theory...

Explaining the Demand for Sovereignty

Sambanis, Nicholas; Milanovic, Branko
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
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Why do groups want to secede and where are we most likely to see demands for self-determination? This paper proposes an economic explanation whereby a tradeoff between income and sovereignty implies that, other things being equal, richer regions are more likely to want more autonomy and conflict arises due to a disparity between desired and actual levels of sovereignty. The authors provide simple empirical tests using new data collected at the level of second-tier administrative subdivisions in 48 decentralized countries. They find a positive association between, on the one hand, relative regional income, regional population share, natural resource endowment, and regional inter-personal inequality and, on the other hand, observed sovereignty levels. Ethnically distinct regions have lower sovereignty, but this association is only conditional on controlling for the interactive effects between ethnic distinctiveness and regional inter-personal inequality.

Of "social ties" and "savage hordes": the denial of indigenous sovereignty in Australia

Buchan, Bruce
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 288322 bytes; 355 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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This paper addresses issues arising from the denial by the Australian Government of a Treaty with the Indigenous peoples of Australia. In particular, it attempts to explain why such a Treaty was never signed with the Indigenous peoples during the period of British colonial rule, and why it has consistently been denied by successive post-colonial governments. The starting point of many arguments for a Treaty between the Indigenous peoples of Australia and the Australian Government is that such a document would finally consolidate recognition of Indigenous sovereignty. Such sovereignty, it is argued, consists in the fact that this continent was not a terra nullius when it was ‘discovered’ by white men, but was already occupied, and that the assertion of British sovereignty was based on the denial of a prior Indigenous sovereignty. This sort of explanation however, overlooks the crucial feature of the modern discourse of sovereignty, namely that sovereignty only inheres in those peoples who have formed themselves into a properly constituted society. The ‘sovereignty’ of the Indigenous peoples of Australia was not recognised, in other words, because it was believed that they had not so constituted themselves, and this belief has continued to shape the administration of Indigenous peoples by both colonial and post-colonial governments well into the twentieth-century. What is significant about this view is that the denial of a Treaty indicates not simply a refusal to acknowledge any Indigenous sovereignty...

Monetary sovereignty and the ESCB : towards a multilayered approach to the Euro-sovereignty game in the EMU

CHIRICO, Alessandra
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Paper; application/pdf; digital
EN
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This dissertation provides a doctrinal and “applied” overview of the main developments in the post-Maastricht transfer of monetary sovereignty from the member states to supranational institutions. In so doing, it concentrates on three areas of particular interest, complexity and tension between different forces. One area is simply the configuration of supranational institutions involved and their relationship, and in particular the tensions among the independent ECB, the national dimension of the broader ESCB and the state-dominated Ecofin Council. A second area concerns the well-known tension between monetary and broader economic union – and in particular the asymmetry between the significantly centralized monetary institutions and the retention of fiscal authority at national level. A third area concerns the internal and external dimension of monetary authority (exchange rates) from broader macro-economic consideration, and, reflecting this, the continuing absence of a definitive legal and institutional resolution of the extent of external monetary sovereignty transferred to central EU institutions. Here there emerges an analysis of the framework of good governance for the new multilayered system of monetary union. The key question addressed by the author of this study is whether the shift in monetary authority does or should involve a reconceptualization of the question of where sovereignty lies in Europe...

Russia's national interests towards the Caucasus: implications for Georgian sovereignty

Papava, David Z.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 85 p.
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis explores the causes of Russian foreign policy towards Georgia. It argues that the Russian Federation continues to pursue a policy which weakens the sovereignty of the Caucasus. The main priority of this thesis is to identify why the Russian Federation seems to be pursuing a set of policies that economically and politically weaken the sovereignty of Georgia. Therefore, this thesis examines the forces and factors of Russian domestic politics that drive Russian national interests towards the Caucasus. The analysis focuses on one particular issue-area: the role of the economic elite in shaping Russia's domestic and foreign policies vis-a-vis the state in the electricity sector. In focusing on the energy policies of the Russian Federation, this thesis reveals the negative consequences for Georgia's sovereignty that result from a strong Russian influence in the region. This thesis analyzes how Russian national interests towards Georgia challenge the latter to establish autonomous decisionmaking with regard to its foreign policy and to exercise its own authority through an exclusive competence in internal affairs of the state. In conclusion, this thesis offers policy prescriptions on how Georgia might best preserve its sovereignty with respect to the Russian Federation in terms of energy dependency.; Civilian...

Post-hegemonic regionalism and sovereignty in Latin America: optimists, skeptics, and an emerging research agenda

Legler,Thomas
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Relações Internacionais Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Relações Internacionais
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
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A scholarly debate is emerging on how recent regional trends in Latin America and South America have impacted the meanings and practices of sovereignty. This debate pits two groups engaged in regionalist analysis against each other: the optimists and the skeptics. Optimists argue that recent changes in regionalism are having a transformative impact on sovereignty. Skeptics acknowledge that changes in regionalism have occurred, but that they have been accompanied by persistent and traditional sovereignty meanings and practices. The article employs a tripartite conception of sovereignty regime-sovereign, space, and authority-to sketch the parameters of the debate. Given the recent origins of ALBA, CELAC, and UNASUR, as well as the post-hegemonic regionalism which they reflect and promote, this debate can only be resolved through ambitious qualitative empirical research, especially in South America, the regional experience upon which many of the contending claims are made. Such a research agenda on the regionalism-sovereignty nexus has both significant theoretical and practical implications for understanding Latin America's and South America's unique regional, institutional, and sovereignty patterns, as well as the limits and possibilities for regional governance.

Why regionalism has failed in Latin America: lack of stateness as an important factor for failure of sovereignty transfer in integration projects

Buelvas,Eduardo Pastrana
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Relações Internacionais Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Relações Internacionais
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
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This paper shows, from an interdisciplinary perspective, the incidence of lack of "stateness" and its construction process in Latin American states, as well as showing the reluctance on the part of Latin American states to transfer sovereignty to regional integrational organizations. First, classical and contemporary ideas of sovereignty are contrasted, in order to understand the development of the sovereignty concept in Latin America and Europe. Second, we interpret how the sovereignty concept has been conceived through Latin American states' formation process. Third, the sovereignty process is adressed within integration thinking and its three big waves: the developmental, neoliberal and post-hegemonic waves. Fourth, the concept of sovereignty in Latin America and its impact on the region are discussed critically. Fifth, current regionalism perspectives are explained. Sixth, the current relationship between sovereignty and regionalization in South America is described. And finally, throughout this paper, we maintain that it is the weakness of "stateness" in the Latin American states which has had an important influence on their reluctance to transfer national sovereignty to regional integration institutions.

Restraining permanent sovereignty over natural resources

Gümplová, Petra
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 ENG
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L’assaig examina el principi jurídic internacional de sobirania permanent sobre els recursos naturals des d’una perspectiva crítica i analitza la seva possible col·lisió amb la demanda de sostenibilitat i d’una protecció del medi ambient a escala global. Es defensa que una sobirania nacional sobre els recursos naturals no és cap obstacle per a la consecució d’una justícia ambiental global d’abast més gran. La norma és fortament justificada com una expressió econòmica diferent de la sobirania estatal de postguerra i com una ramificació de la universalització de principis com ara descolonització, autodeterminació, drets territorials i equitat dels estats quant a la seva sobirania. Però la interpretació de la sobirania i l’aparell de pràctiques establertes en el nom de la sobirania permanent sobre els recursos naturals menyscaba, més aviat, la llei ambiental internacional, per exemple mitjançant l’extensió dels drets sobirans sobre els recursos més enllà de les fronteres dels estats, o establint una prioritat continuada del dret a un recurs obert i del dret al desenvolupament per damunt de les normes internacionals de protecció ambiental i de l’ús de recursos sostenibles, o contribuint al poc èxit en el reforç de nocions i principis...

Sovereignty and power in Hannah Arendt’s On Revolution; Soberania e poder em Sobre a Revolução de Hannah Arendt

Brito, Renata Romolo
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/06/2015 POR
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Esse artigo visa analisar a noção de abolição da soberania proposta por Arendt. Argumento que não é possível dissociar sua crítica à soberania de sua crítica ao nacionalismo e aos direitos humanos, e que a conclusão arendtiana em relação aos direitos humanos – quer dizer, que direitos têm significado apenas em espaços políticos de reflexão e discussão – tem de ser estendida à noção de soberania. A crítica à soberania nos mostra a necessidade de trazer qualquer questão para a pauta da discussão política, sendo sua proposta repensar a soberania de acordo com um novo conceito de poder.; This article aims to analyze the notion of abolition of sovereignty proposed by Arendt. I defend that you cannot dissociate her critique of sovereignty from her critique of nationalism and human rights, and that Arendt’s conclusion regarding human rights – that is, rights have meaning only in political spaces of reflection and discussion – must be extended to the notion of sovereignty. The critique of sovereignty shows the need to bring any issue to the agenda of the political discussion, and her proposal is to rethink sovereignty according to a new concept of power.

Human Rights and the Sovereign State: An Examination of the Compatibility of State Sovereignty with the Humanitarian Necessities of a Global World

Yaffe, Leah
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Publicado em 02/05/2013 EN_US
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This thesis looks at the problem of sustaining human rights in a world of sovereign states. What does it mean for the global human rights movement that the predominant form of political organization in the world is the individual sovereign state? What are the tensions between the theories of sovereignty and humanitarianism? I trace the origin of the modern notion of sovereignty in order to demonstrate the difficulties posed for the human rights movement by state sovereignty. I argue that the relationship between the two concepts is antinomic: human rights require the resources and structure of the state for their actualization, yet are simultaneously put at risk by the unchecked power of the state. Because the human rights movement relies on state stability, but the stability of the state does not rely on the provision of human rights, an imbalance of power exists. Examining notions of sovereignty that antedate our own, I conclude that the human rights movement must become an international force strong enough to counterbalance powerful individual states in order to encourage states to adhere to human rights norms. This involves greater coordination between many elements of the human rights movement, including individuals, NGOs, regional organizations...

States' Pursuit of Sovereignty in a Globalized Security Context: Controlling International Human Mobility

Avdan, Nazli
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2010
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The goal of this dissertation is to inquire into how states balance economic motivations and security concerns when pursuing sovereignty at borders. More precisely, the dissertation examines tradeoffs between interdependence sovereignty -control over transborder flows--and Westphalian sovereignty defined as exclusion of external actors from states' authoritative space. Focusing on control over cross-border human mobility as the issue area, I put forward the securitized interdependence framework as a theory that encompasses economic and security logics of policy-making. Because migration control rests at the nexus of economic/material and geopolitical/military dimensions of state security, it provides an ideal testing ground for observing the interaction of economic and security motives. The theoretical framework draws on the literature on complex interdependence and the logic of the trading state to postulate empirically verifiable propositions on migration control policies.

The central claim of the dissertation is that human mobility is conditionally securitized and that security logics are modulated by material/economic incentives. Facing informational asymmetries vis-à-vis transnational terrorists...

Sovereignty, Law, and Capital in the Age of Globalization

Sobel-Read, Kevin B.
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2012
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This dissertation offers a comprehensive model of contemporary nation-state sovereignty. To do so, it examines the mutually constitutive relationship between sovereignty and present-day globalization as well as the role of law and capital in creating, maintaining, and driving that relationship.

The scholarly treatment of nation-state sovereignty has been inadequate for several reasons. Older theories of sovereignty could not have foreseen the unprecedented technological advances that underlie our current system and therefore do not sufficiently explain it. More recent theories of sovereignty, in turn, tend to be too narrowly focused, such that a given model of sovereignty often only applies to that particular condition. Furthermore, the academic literatures on sovereignty and nationalism, while occasionally referencing each other, have failed to recognize that the two phenomena are parts of the same whole and therefore must be more fully integrated.

This dissertation argues that a comprehensive model of contemporary nation-state sovereignty must include two symbiotic elements. The first, referred to here as emotional sovereignty, involves subjective relationships with the state. As such, the substance of this element is unique for each group. The second element is a functional/instrumental element. It addresses ways that the sovereignty serves as an interface-mechanism with other sovereignties...

Morte da soberania popular? Reflectções sobre nossa condição (pós)democrática; Death of popular sovereignty? Reflections on our (post) democratic condition

Costa, M. R. A. N.
Fonte: Aufklärung: revista de filosofia; Aufklärung Publicador: Aufklärung: revista de filosofia; Aufklärung
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/octet-stream; application/xml; application/pdf
Publicado em 16/01/2015 POR
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Neste artigo procuro responder a uma questão específica: é possível recuperar o valor e papel determinante do conceito de soberania popular, na condição das democracias contemporâneas? Presumindo de que é ainda possível (e também desejável) recuperar este ideal e princípio regulador, quero explorar que condições temos à nossa disposição hoje que nos permitam fazê-lo. Isso implica, antes de mais, expor criticamente os perigos eminentes trazidos pela globalização e pelo novo imperialismo neoliberal, que põem em cheque as aspirações democráticas fundamentais de liberdade, igualdade e justiça social. Neste sentido, questionar sobre as condições de possibilidade da soberania popular significa questionar as condições de possibilidade para a própria democracia. Só conseguiremos recuperar a democracia se redefinirmos: a) a relação entre indivíduo e comunidade; b) a relação entre nações democráticas e organizações globais não-democráticas; c) o espaço onde a democracia deve acontecer (da nação-estado para comunidades locais). Assim, este artigo tem quatro momentos. Primeiro, ofereço uma leitura do conceito de soberania popular na modernidade, tendo como ponto de referência a obra de Rousseau. No segundo momento caracterizo a constelação democrática contemporânea...

POTENTIALITY, SOVEREIGNTY AND BARE LIFE A CRITICAL READING OF GIORGIO AGAMBEN

PRIMERA VILLAMIZAR,GERMÁN EDUARDO
Fonte: Ideas y Valores Publicador: Ideas y Valores
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 EN
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This article presents a critical account of Agamben’s understanding of the logic of sovereignty and of the notion bare life, particularly Agamben’s approach to the paradox of sovereignty and its relation to Aristotle’s metaphysical category of potentiality. With regards to bare life, it brings together an analysis of the figure of the homo sacer with an account of Agamben’s use of paradigms as methodological tools. The first part of the paper argues that Agamben ontologises sovereignty by dramatising the paradox of its structure as im-potentiality. The second part claims that even though an account of Agamben’s methodology serves to respond to the different critiques that his notion of bare life has raised, Agamben’s notions of sovereignty and of bare life ultimately rely on Schmitt’s decisionism.