Página 1 dos resultados de 181 itens digitais encontrados em 0.013 segundos

Diferenciais de cárie dentária entre os índios Xavante de Mato Grosso, Brasil; Between-group differences in dental caries in Xavante Indians from Central Brazil

ARANTES, Rui; SANTOS, Ricardo Ventura; FRAZÃO, Paulo
Fonte: São Paulo Publicador: São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.06%
O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar níveis de experiência de cárie entre subgrupos Xavante que vivem em diferentes Terras Indígenas (T.I.) no Estado de Mato Grosso, Brasil, a fim de investigar a presença de desigualdades no interior de uma mesma etnia indígena. Os dados foram coletados através de um censo de saúde bucal realizados em 2004. Das sete T.I. Xavante existentes, foram investigadas quatro (Pimentel Barbosa, Sangradouro, Areões e Marechal Rondon), nas quais foram selecionadas a maior aldeia de cada. Foram adotados os critérios preconizados pela Organização Mundial da Saúde, e utilizado o índice CPOS. Para mensurar as diferenças entre as T.I. foi estimada a razão de prevalência (RP) por meio de análise de regressão de Poisson, efetuada na faixa etária entre 6 e 34 anos para cada sexo, incluindo a idade como covariável. Nesta faixa etária, as perdas variaram entre 26 a 30 por cento. Pimentel Barbosa foi considerada como referência para comparações por apresentar menor prevalência de cárie em todas as faixas etárias analisadas. A maior disparidade foi notada entre as T.I. Pimentel Barbosa e Sangradouro, tanto em homens (RP 2,68- IC95 por cento 2,41 a 2,97) como em mulheres (RP 2,03- IC95 por cento 1,85 a 2...

DNA Mitocondrial na Amazônia Brasileira: Estrutura Genética Regional e Inferências Continentais.; Mitochondrial DNA in the Brazilian Amazon: Regional Genetic Structure and Continental Inferences.

Mendes Junior, Celso Teixeira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.01%
Sítios arqueológicos, polimorfismos genéticos clássicos e marcadores moleculares (estes em menor quantidade) foram empregados nos últimos anos para o desenvolvimento de modelos de povoamento e investigação de rotas migratórias percorridas pelos primeiros habitantes do continente sul-americano. Apesar destes esforços, muitas incertezas relacionadas aos movimentos populacionais realizados pelos ancestrais dos índios contemporâneos na América do Sul ainda permanecem. Com o objetivo de estudar a estrutura populacional dos indígenas da Amazônia e contribuir para o melhor entendimento do povoamento deste continente, polimorfismos que definem os haplogrupos fundadores do DNA mitocondrial nativo-americano foram analisados em 308 indígenas pertencentes a 16 aldeias de 7 tribos da região central da Amazônia. A posição central ocupada por estas tribos no continente sul-americano faz com que sejam relevantes nas tentativas de reconstrução dos movimentos populacionais sul-americanos. Nesta região, existe particular interesse pela estrutura genética da tribo Tikúna, inicialmente tida como enigmática por se preservar como uma das únicas grandes tribos pouco miscigenadas da Amazônia central, e do grupo lingüístico Pano...

Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type II in Guaraní Indians, Southern Brazil; Vírus linfotrópico de células T-humanas do tipo II em Índios Guaraní, Sul do Brasil

Menna-Barreto, Marcio; Bender, Ana Ligia; Bonatto, Sandro Luis; Freitas, Loreta Brandao de; Salzano, Francisco Mauro; Tsuneto, Luiza T.; Petzl-Erler, Maria Luiza
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.22%
O vírus linfotrópico de células T-humanas do tipo II (HTLV-II) é identificado em muitos grupos de ameríndios. No Brasil, tem sido encontrado em indivíduos da população urbana, bem como em índios oriundos da região Amazônica. Os Índios Guaraní, do Sul do país, foram investigados para infecção por HTLV-I/II. Três indivíduos, oriundos de uma amostra de 52 índios, demonstraram sororeatividade para HTLV-II (ensaio imunoenzimático e Western blot). Este estudo preliminar foi o primeiro a identificar a presença de infecção por HTLV-II em ameríndios do Sul do Brasil.; Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type II (HTLVII) is found in many New World Indian groups on the American continent. In Brazil, HTLV-II has been found among urban residents and Indians in the Amazon region, in the North. Guaraní Indians in the South of Brazil were studied for HTLV-I/II infection. Among 52 individuals, three (5.76%) showed positive anti-HTLV-II antibodies (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot). This preliminary report is the first seroepidemiological study showing HTLV-II infection among Indians in the South of Brazil.

Prevalence of antibodies against hepatitis A virus among the Kuikuro and Kaiabi Indians of Xingu National Park, Brazil

Lafer,Manuel Mindlin; Moraes-Pinto,Maria Isabel de; Weckx,Lily Yin
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
A seroprevalence study to detect total antibodies against Hepatitis A Virus was done with 220 samples from 589 Native Indians from Xingu National Park, Brazil, in five Kaiabi and Kuikuro villages, the most populous ethnic groups. Using a commercial immunoassay kit we detected 97.7% positive samples (95% Confidence Interval: 95%-99%). We noticed a precocious seroconversion, before the age of six years, when the disease is usually asymptomatic. These results are similar to those found in the literature in non-Indian population studies of the Northern, Northeastern and West Central regions of Brazil. They suggest that it is not necessary to introduce vaccination against Hepatitis A in these highly endemic populations.

Decapod crustaceans used as food by the Yanomami Indians of the Balawa-ú village, State of Amazonas, Brazil

Magalhães,Célio; Barbosa,Ulysses C.; Py-Daniel,Victor
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56%
The Yanomami are a group of South American Indians that live in the rainforest along the borderlands of Brazil and Venezuela. They depend on hunting, gardening and wild food for survival; crustaceans are a highly prized food item in their diet. Taxonomical and ethnozoological aspects of the Yanomami Indians of the Balawa-ú village, state of Amazonas, Brazil, related to the crustaceans are described. Information and specimens were obtained from August to December, 2003. Interviews were conducted with residents of the village and focused on questions about species exploited, indigenous names, modes of capture and use of the species. One shrimp species of the family Palaemonidae (Macrobrachium brasiliense) and two crab species of Trichodactylidae (Sylviocarcinus pictus, Valdivia serrata) as well as two of Pseudothelphusidae (Fredius fittkaui, F. platyacanthus) were recorded. The indigenous names applied to these species are: shuhu, for shrimp, oko and peimatherimi for each of the two pseudothelphusid crabs, and hesiki tôtôrema for both trichodactylid crabs.

Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type II in Guaraní Indians, Southern Brazil

Menna-Barreto,Marcio; Bender,Ana Ligia; Bonatto,Sandro L.; Freitas,Loreta B.; Salzano,Francisco M.; Tsuneto,Luiza T.; Petzl-Erler,Maria Luiza
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.22%
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type II (HTLV-II) is found in many New World Indian groups on the American continent. In Brazil, HTLV-II has been found among urban residents and Indians in the Amazon region, in the North. Guaraní Indians in the South of Brazil were studied for HTLV-I/II infection. Among 52 individuals, three (5.76%) showed positive anti-HTLV-II antibodies (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot). This preliminary report is the first seroepidemiological study showing HTLV-II infection among Indians in the South of Brazil.

Demography and health of the Xavante Indians of Central Brazil

Souza,Luciene Guimarães de; Santos,Ricardo Ventura; Pagliaro,Heloisa; Carvalho,Marilia Sá; Flowers,Nancy May; Coimbra Jr.,Carlos E. A.
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
This study investigates the demographic and health behavior of the Xavante Indians of Mato Grosso State, Central Brazil. Data covering the period 1999 to 2004 was collected using information from household censuses and vital statistics. In addition to standard demographic analyses, survival analysis was carried out. Results show a young age structure, derived from a combination of high fertility rates (7.7 live births per woman) and declining mortality. Mortality rates, especially infant mortality (97 per thousand), remain very high, surpassing regional and national rates. Natural increase is the main contributing factor to population growth. The annual population growth rate is 4.4%. Results suggest that recent declines in mortality and fertility may be related to transformations in the implementation of basic health care services and internal diversity, the latter of which seems to be associated with local history and sociocultural determinants.

Mortality among Guarani Indians in Southeastern and Southern Brazil

Cardoso,Andrey Moreira; Coimbra Jr.,Carlos E. A.; Barreto,Carla Tatiana Garcia; Werneck,Guilherme Loureiro; Santos,Ricardo Ventura
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
Worldwide, indigenous peoples display a high burden of disease, expressed by profound health inequalities in comparison to non-indigenous populations. This study describes mortality patterns among the Guarani in Southern and Southeastern Brazil, with a focus on health inequalities. The Guarani population structure is indicative of high birth and death rates, low median age and low life expectancy at birth. The crude mortality rate (crude MR = 5.0/1,000) was similar to the Brazilian national rate, but the under-five MR (44.5/1,000) and the infant mortality rate (29.6/1,000) were twice the corresponding MR in the South and Southeast of Brazil. The proportion of post-neonatal infant deaths was 83.3%, 2.4 times higher than general population. The proportions of ill-defined (15.8%) and preventable causes (51.6%) were high. The principal causes of death were respiratory (40.6%) and infectious and parasitic diseases (18.8%), suggesting precarious living conditions and deficient health services. There is a need for greater investment in primary care and interventions in social determinants of health in order to reduce the health inequalities.

Brazilian indigenous children: Review of studies about nutritional status

Pedraza,Dixis Figueroa; Sales,Márcia Cristina; Queiroz,Daiane de; Leitão,Luana Couto Assis
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.02%
Objective: To systematize studies on the anthropometric nutritional status of Brazilian indigenous children in order to examine the ability to address the totality of biological, anthropological, and ecological aspects, as well as to characterize the main analytical results of the determinants of nutritional status of Brazilian indigenous children. Methods: MedLine and Lilacs were searched using the intersection of "South American Indians" and "nutritional status" descriptors (the search in MedLine also included the descriptor "Brazil"). Results: Overall, 65 studies were identified, and 23 were considered relevant to this study. The systematization of these studies highlights the concentration of studies in the midwestern and northern regions of Brazil, as well as the lack of cultural, biochemical, and food consumption approaches. Regarding nutritional status, we found: 1) greater vulnerability of younger children, especially in relation to stunting; 2) absence of differences in nutritional status according to sex; 3) socioeconomic determination of nutritional status; 4) differences in nutritional status between children from different villages. Conclusion: The nutritional status of Brazilian indigenous children is associated with age...

Diabetes mellitus in a young Amazon Indian child

Gabbay,Mônica Andrade Lima; Bussad,Edson; Persoli,Ligia; Volpini,Walkiria; Dib,Sérgio Atala
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.91%
CONTEXT: Although type 2 diabetes has been described among American Indian children, no case of type 1 diabetes has been reported in the literature. CASE REPORT: We report the first case of diabetes in a South American Indian child from the tropical rainforest, who was positive for IA2 autoantibodies and genetic markers of susceptibility to type 1 diabetes, but also demonstrated residual beta cell function four years after diagnosis.

Esterase D in South American Indians.

Mestriner, M A; Salzano, F M; Neel, J V; Ayres, M
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/1976 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.88%
Significant variation in the frequency of Esterase D isoenzymes was found in 1,070 individuals belonging to eight South American Indian tribes. The Es D1 allele shows frequencies varying from .36 to 1. A region of low prevalence of this allele seems to exist in northern Brazil, involving the Parakanan, Gorotire, and Krahó. The intratribal variation observed in eight Yanomama villages located in Brazil was not exceptional.

Estado nutricional dos indígenas Kaingáng matriculados em escolas indígenas do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil; Nutritional status of Kaingáng Indians enrolled in 12 indigenous schools in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

CASTRO, Teresa Gontijo de; SCHUCH, Ilaine; CONDE, Wolney Lisboa; VEIGA, Juracilda; LEITE, Maurício Soares; DUTRA, Carmem Lucia Centeno; ZUCHINALI, Priccila; BARUFALDI, Laura Augusta
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
Caracterizar o estado nutricional de 3.254 Kaingáng de escolas indígenas de 12 terras indígenas do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Transversal de base escolar. Obtidas medidas de peso (P), estatura (E) e circunferência da cintura (CC) conforme Organização Mundial da Saúde - OMS (1995). Classificação do estado nutricional: crianças: índices E/I, P/I e P/E, de acordo com o National Center for Health Statistics (WHO, 1995) e E/I, P/I e índice de massa corporal/idade (IMC/I) de acordo com OMS (2006); adolescentes: IMC/I (OMS, 1995 e 2006) e E/I (OMS, 2006); adultos: IMC (OMS, 1995) e CC (OMS, 2003). Adolescentes representaram 56% dos avaliados, crianças 42,5%, adultos 1,4% e idosos 0,1%. Deficit estatural de 15,1% (OMS, 1995) e 15,5% (OMS, 2006) entre as crianças e de 19,9% entre adolescentes. Freqüências de excesso de peso foram: crianças: 11% (OMS, 1995) e 5,7% (OMS, 2006); adolescentes: 6,7%; adultos: 79,2%. Entre adultos, 45,3% estavam em risco aumentado para doenças metabólicas. Observada a transição nutricional no segmento, caracterizada por prevalências importantes de baixa estatura na infância e adolescência e sobrepeso proeminente em todas as faixas etárias.; The study's objective was to characterize the nutritional status of 3...

Koenukunoe emo'u : a lingua dos indios Kinikinau; Koenukunoe emo'u : the language of the Kinikinau indians

Ilda de Souza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/02/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar uma descrição da língua kinikinau, pertencente à família Aruak, falada por um reduzido número de índios da mesma denominação. Nesta descrição, apresento um capítulo com dados históricos e etnográficos sobre esse pequeno grupo indígena, pelo fato de ser pouco conhecido e de estarem povo e língua em vias de extinção. Apresento aspectos da fonologia, da morfologia de nomes e verbos, bem como da estrutura sintática. Os Kinikinau vivem na aldeia São João, região da Serra da Bodoquena, próximo à cidade de Bonito, MS, região Centro Oeste do Brasil. A terra pertence aos índios Kadiwéu, com quem os Kinikinau se relacionam em situação de vassalagem desde os mais remotos documentos históricos, quando viviam no Chaco paraguaio. Devido ao contato prolongado, havia hipótese sobre a língua, que possivelmente teria sido substituída pela língua do dominador. Outra hipótese é que a língua, em contato com as línguas kadiwéu, terena e portuguesa, teria crioulizado. E, ainda, uma terceira hipótese, que a língua falada pelos Kinikinau seria a língua terena. Esta língua não foi anteriormente descrita, porque foi dada como uma língua extinta desde o Handbook of South American Indians (1946). O resultado desta pesquisa refuta as três hipóteses e vem afirmar que existe uma língua kinikinau...

The production of the Handbook of South American Indians Vol 3 (1936-1948)

Faulhaber,Priscila
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Antropologia (ABA) Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Antropologia (ABA)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.17%
This paper discusses the intellectual division of labor between US scholars and the ethnographers researching in the field who together produced Volume 3 of the ambitious Handbook of South American Indians, entitled "Tropical Forest Tribes" (1936-1948). Julian Steward, the book's editor, was an Anthropologist with a sociological approach. At the time, he was also involved in conceptual conflicts between scientific policies and collaboration in government programs. Here I focus primarily on the relationship between Steward and the volume's contributors, specifically the hierarchical attitude that led to an asymmetrical classification of contributors like Curt Nimuendajú, taken as producers of ethnographic data. Researchers who lived in Brazil at the time were conceived as 'minor' authors by the editor compared to those held to be academic scholars, i.e. those who directed research and university-level academic training at US institutions. The production of this volume thus reiterated an intellectual division of labor between armchair scholars and fieldwork collectors of ethnographic artifacts for museums.

A Study of Religion, Culture, and Medicinal Plants of Three South American Indigenous Groups

Childs, Daniel
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.14%
Peter G. Roe; This project is focused around an inventory of medicinal plants which I compiled after conducting ethnobotanical fieldwork with three South American indigenous populations. These groups were the Shipibo Indians, of the Peruvian monta??a, the Atacame??o Indians, native to the Chilean Atacama Desert, and the Mapuche Indians, inhabitants of the temperate valleys of southern Chile. This information is critical during a time when both the habitats and cultures of indigenous peoples are disappearing at an alarming rate. While the efficacy of indigenous medicinal plant use has just recently begun to receive recognition by the Western scientific community, these individuals have known the therapeutic worth of the phytochemicals for millennia. In order to depict this information that I collected as knowledge passed down from for thousands of years, I have decided to mainly focus on the traditional histories of these groups, supplementing information from modern times by drawing on what I saw during my time conducting research with them. In order to do this, I describe the natural origins of these biomes, and how the indigenous peoples existed in the biomes in both in pre- and post-Columbian times. Furthermore, traditional religious practices also necessitate discussion when talking about tribal use of medicinal plants. Therefore...

Prevalência de anticorpos contra o vírus da hepatite A entre os índios Kuikuro e Kaiabi do Parque Indígena do Xingu, Brasil; Prevalence of antibodies against hepatitis A virus among the Kuikuro and Kaiabi Indians of Xingu National Park, Brazil

Lafer, Manuel Mindlin; Moraes-Pinto, Maria Isabel de; Weckx, Lily Yin
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2007 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
Um estudo de soroprevalência para detectar anticorpos totais contra o Vírus da Hepatite A foi realizado com 220 amostras obtidas de 589 indivíduos de cinco aldeias indígenas das tribos Kaiabi e Kuikuro, as mais populosas do Parque Nacional do Xingu, Brasil. Utilisando um kit comercial de ensaio imunoenzimático, detectamos 97,7% amostras positivas (Intervalo de Confiança de 95%: 95%-99%), com uma soroconversão precoce, antes dos seis anos de idade, quando a doença costuma ser assintomática. Estes resultados são semelhantes aos resultados encontrados na literatura em estudos com populações não-indígenas das regiões Norte, Nordeste e Centro-Oeste do Brasil, e sugere que não há necessidade de introdução de vacinação contra Hepatite A nestas populações de alta endemicidade.; A seroprevalence study to detect total antibodies against Hepatitis A Virus was done with 220 samples from 589 Native Indians from Xingu National Park, Brazil, in five Kaiabi and Kuikuro villages, the most populous ethnic groups. Using a commercial immunoassay kit we detected 97.7% positive samples (95% Confidence Interval: 95%-99%). We noticed a precocious seroconversion, before the age of six years, when the disease is usually asymptomatic. These results are similar to those found in the literature in non-Indian population studies of the Northern...

Intestinal Parasitic Infection in the Suruí Indians, Brazilian Amazon

Palhano-Silva,Cassius S; Araújo,Adauto J. G; Lourenço,Ana E. P; Bastos,Otílio M. P; Santos,Ricardo V; Coimbra, Jr,Carlos E. A
Fonte: ASOCIACIÓN INTERCIENCIA Publicador: ASOCIACIÓN INTERCIENCIA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
This study reports the results of a cross-sectional survey carried out in 2005 to investigate the epidemiology of intestinal parasitism among the Suruí Indians, Brazilian Amazon. A total of 519 stool samples were examined by zinc-sulphate-flotation and formol-ether-sedimentation. Entamoeba histolytica/E. dispar-positive samples were further tested by ELISA. Thirty-six percent of the subjects were positive for one more helminth species; 70.7% harbored at least one protozoan species. The most frequent helminth was Hymenolepis nana (29.5%). Nematodes were rare (hookworm= 3.3%; Strongyloides stercoralis= 0.2%). Capillaria sp. was identified in 5.2% of the samples and one case of parasitism by Dipylidium caninum was detected. Prevalence of Giardia duodenalis and E. histolytica/E. dispar was 16.2% and 12.3%, respectively. Based on ELISA, the prevalence of E. histolytica infection was 3.2%. The overall prevalence of intestinal nematode infections depicted in this study was surprisingly low compared to what is often reported for other indigenous populations in the Brazilian Amazon. It is argued that the prevalence of helminths in the Suruí are associated with anthelminthic mass treatment schemes undertaken by the Indian health service, in the absence of other measures. The authors propose that a special program aimed at controlling intestinal parasitism in indigenous communities should step beyond the top-down distribution of medication...

Demography and health of the Xavante Indians of Central Brazil

Souza,Luciene Guimarães de; Santos,Ricardo Ventura; Pagliaro,Heloisa; Carvalho,Marilia Sá; Flowers,Nancy May; Coimbra Jr.,Carlos E. A.
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
This study investigates the demographic and health behavior of the Xavante Indians of Mato Grosso State, Central Brazil. Data covering the period 1999 to 2004 was collected using information from household censuses and vital statistics. In addition to standard demographic analyses, survival analysis was carried out. Results show a young age structure, derived from a combination of high fertility rates (7.7 live births per woman) and declining mortality. Mortality rates, especially infant mortality (97 per thousand), remain very high, surpassing regional and national rates. Natural increase is the main contributing factor to population growth. The annual population growth rate is 4.4%. Results suggest that recent declines in mortality and fertility may be related to transformations in the implementation of basic health care services and internal diversity, the latter of which seems to be associated with local history and sociocultural determinants.

Mortality among Guarani Indians in Southeastern and Southern Brazil

Cardoso,Andrey Moreira; Coimbra Jr.,Carlos E. A.; Barreto,Carla Tatiana Garcia; Werneck,Guilherme Loureiro; Santos,Ricardo Ventura
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
Worldwide, indigenous peoples display a high burden of disease, expressed by profound health inequalities in comparison to non-indigenous populations. This study describes mortality patterns among the Guarani in Southern and Southeastern Brazil, with a focus on health inequalities. The Guarani population structure is indicative of high birth and death rates, low median age and low life expectancy at birth. The crude mortality rate (crude MR = 5.0/1,000) was similar to the Brazilian national rate, but the under-five MR (44.5/1,000) and the infant mortality rate (29.6/1,000) were twice the corresponding MR in the South and Southeast of Brazil. The proportion of post-neonatal infant deaths was 83.3%, 2.4 times higher than general population. The proportions of ill-defined (15.8%) and preventable causes (51.6%) were high. The principal causes of death were respiratory (40.6%) and infectious and parasitic diseases (18.8%), suggesting precarious living conditions and deficient health services. There is a need for greater investment in primary care and interventions in social determinants of health in order to reduce the health inequalities.

Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type II in Guaraní Indians, Southern Brazil

Menna-Barreto,Marcio; Bender,Ana Ligia; Bonatto,Sandro L.; Freitas,Loreta B.; Salzano,Francisco M.; Tsuneto,Luiza T.; Petzl-Erler,Maria Luiza
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.22%
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type II (HTLV-II) is found in many New World Indian groups on the American continent. In Brazil, HTLV-II has been found among urban residents and Indians in the Amazon region, in the North. Guaraní Indians in the South of Brazil were studied for HTLV-I/II infection. Among 52 individuals, three (5.76%) showed positive anti-HTLV-II antibodies (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot). This preliminary report is the first seroepidemiological study showing HTLV-II infection among Indians in the South of Brazil.