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Eficiência de novas fontes de resistência em tomateiro contra diferentes espécies de Begomovirus bipartidos e localização cromossômica do locus tcm-1; Efficiency of new sources of resistance in tomato to distinct bipartite Begomovirus species and chromosomal localization of the tcm-1 locus

Machado, Mariana Resende
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Dissertação
POR
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Dissertação (mestrado)—Universidade de Brasília, Departamento de Fitopatologia do Instituto de Ciências Biológicas da Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, 2013.; Texto parcialmente liberado pelo autor. Conteúdo: foi restrito o capítulo 3.; A família Geminiviridae é caracterizada por espécies virais com partículas de morfologia geminada e genoma composto por DNA circular de fita simples, sendo o gênero Begomovirus o mais importante em termos de número de espécies e impacto econômico. Os begomovírus do Novo Mundo, em sua maioria, possuem dois componentes genômicos (DNA-A e DNA-B), são transmitidos por Bemisia tabaci (mosca-branca) e infectam plantas dicotiledôneas. A forma mais eficiente de controle tem sido o emprego de cultivares resistentes ao vírus e/ou ao vetor. No entanto, os dados referentes à eficiência e ao espectro da resposta das diferentes fontes de resistência para as espécies que compõe o complexo de begomovírus bipartidos do Brasil ainda são escassos. Os principais fatores de resistência empregados têm sido os loci Ty-1 e Ty-3 derivados de S. chilense. No entanto, a linhagem ‘TX-468-RG’ (portadora do gene recessivo tcm-1) derivada de ‘Tyking’ tem se destacado entre as diversas fontes por apresentar elevados níveis de resistência contra uma ampla gama de espécies de begomovírus de genoma bipartido do Brasil e monopartido da Europa. A estratégia de piramidização de genes de resistência aos begomovírus...

Identification of sources of resistance in sorghum to Peronosclerospora sorghi

Barbosa,Flavia C. R; Casela,Carlos R; Pfenning,Ludwig H; Santos,Fredolino G
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Fitopatologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Fitopatologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2005 EN
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The main objective of this work was to identify sources of resistance in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) to Peronosclerospora sorghi, the causal agent of downy mildew, through the evaluation of 42 sorghum genotypes under natural infection in the field. Genotypes were planted in single row plots between two rows of the susceptible line SC283, planted 30 days before, to act as spreader rows, in two separate nurseries. The experimental design was a completely randomized block design with three replications. Sorghum genotypes CMSXS156, CMSXS157, CMSXS243, TxARG-1, 8902, 9902054, 9910032, 9910296, Tx430, QL-3, SC170-6-17, CMSXS762 and BR304 were classified as highly resistant in both nurseries. Among these, SC170-6-17 and 9910296 showed 0% systemic infection. Results indicated the possible occurrence of different pathotypes of P. sorghi in the two nurseries.

Protein-intrinsic and signaling network-based sources of resistance to EGFR- and ErbB family-targeted therapies in head and neck cancer

Mehra, Ranee; Serebriiskii, Ilya G.; Dunbrack, Roland L.; Robinson, Matthew K.; Burtness, Barbara; Golemis, Erica A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Agents targeting EGFR and related ErbB family proteins are valuable therapies for the treatment of many cancers. For some tumor types, including squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (SCCHN), antibodies targeting EGFR were the first protein-directed agents to show clinical benefit, and remain a standard component of clinical strategies for management of the disease. Nevertheless, many patients display either intrinsic or acquired resistance to these drugs; hence, major research goals are to better understand the underlying causes of resistance, and to develop new therapeutic strategies that boost the impact of EGFR/ErbB inhibitors. In this review, we first summarize current standard use of EGFR inhibitors in the context of SCCHN, and described new agents targeting EGFR currently moving through pre-clinical and clinical development. We then discuss how changes in other transmembrane receptors, including IGF1R, c-Met, and TGF-β, can confer resistance to EGFR-targeted inhibitors, and discuss new agents targeting these proteins. Moving downstream, we discuss critical EGFR-dependent effectors, including PLC-γ; PI3K and PTEN; SHC, GRB2, and RAS and the STAT proteins, as factors in resistance to EGFR-directed inhibitors and as alternative targets of therapeutic inhibition. We summarize alternative sources of resistance among cellular changes that target EGFR itself...

Inheritance of Resistance to Meloidoygne incognita in Primitive Cotton Accessions from Mexico

Starr, J. L.; Moresco, E. R.; Smith, C. W.; Nichols, R. L.; Roberts, P. A.; Chee, P.
Fonte: The Society of Nematologists Publicador: The Society of Nematologists
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2010 EN
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Few sources of resistance to root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita) in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) have been utilized to develop resistant cultivars, making this resistance vulnerable to virulence in the pathogen population. The objectives of this study were to determine the inheritance of resistance in five primitive accessions of G. hirsutum (TX1174, TX1440, TX2076, TX2079, and TX2107) and to determine allelic relations with the genes for resistance in the genotypes Clevewilt-6 (CW) and Wild Mexico Jack Jones (WMJJ). A half-diallel experimental design was used to create 28 populations from crosses among these seven sources of resistance and the susceptible cultivar DeltaPine 90 (DP90). Resistance to M. incognita was measured as eggs per g roots in the parents, F1 and F2 generations of each cross. The resistance in CW and WMJJ was inherited as recessive traits, as reported previously for CW, whereas the resistance in the TX accessions was inherited as a dominant trait. Chi square analysis of segregation of resistance in the F2 was used to estimate the numbers of genes that conditioned resistance. Resistance in CW and WMJJ appeared to be a multigenic trait whereas the resistance in the TX accessions best fit either a one or two gene model. The TX accessions were screened with nine SSR markers linked to resistance loci in other cotton genotypes. The TX accessions lacked the allele amplified by SSR marker CR316 and linked to resistance in CW and other resistant genotypes derived from this source. Four of five TX genotypes lacked the amplification products from the marker BNL1231 that is also associated with the resistant allele on Chromosome 11 in WMJJ...

A Genome-Wide Association Study of Resistance to Stripe Rust (Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici) in a Worldwide Collection of Hexaploid Spring Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Maccaferri, Marco; Zhang, Junli; Bulli, Peter; Abate, Zewdie; Chao, Shiaoman; Cantu, Dario; Bossolini, Eligio; Chen, Xianming; Pumphrey, Michael; Dubcovsky, Jorge
Fonte: Genetics Society of America Publicador: Genetics Society of America
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 20/01/2015 EN
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New races of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), the causal pathogen of wheat stripe rust, show high virulence to previously deployed resistance genes and are responsible for large yield losses worldwide. To identify new sources of resistance we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using a worldwide collection of 1000 spring wheat accessions. Adult plants were evaluated under field conditions in six environments in the western United States, and seedlings were tested with four Pst races. A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) Infinium 9K-assay provided 4585 SNPs suitable for GWAS. High correlations among environments and high heritabilities were observed for stripe rust infection type and severity. Greater levels of Pst resistance were observed in a subpopulation from Southern Asia than in other groups. GWAS identified 97 loci that were significant for at least three environments, including 10 with an experiment-wise adjusted Bonferroni probability < 0.10. These 10 quantitative trait loci (QTL) explained 15% of the phenotypic variation in infection type, a percentage that increased to 45% when all QTL were considered. Three of these 10 QTL were mapped far from previously identified Pst resistance genes and QTL, and likely represent new resistance loci. The other seven QTL mapped close to known resistance genes and allelism tests will be required to test their relationships. In summary...

Variation of Resistance in Barley Against Biotypes 1 and 2 of the Russian Wheat Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

Murugan, M.; Khan, S. A.; Sotelo Cardona, P.; Vargas Orozco, G.; Viswanathan, P.; Reese, J.; Starkey, S.; Smith, C. M.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
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The Russian wheat aphid, Diruaphis noxia (Kurdjumov) (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is globally one of the most devastating pests of bread wheat, Tritium aestivum L.; durum wheat, Triticum turgidum L.; and barley, Hordeum vulgare L. Host plant resistance is the foundation for cereal insect pest management programs, and several sources of D. noxia resistance have been incorporated in cultivars to manage D. noxia damage. The emergence of D. noxia North American biotype 2 (RWA2) in Colorado has made all known Dn genes vulnerable except the Dn7 gene from rye, Secale cereale, and has warranted exploration for sources of resistance to both RWA1 and RWA2. The category of resistance in resistant donor plants may exert selection pressure over the aphid population to form a new virulent population. In the current study, we report tolerance and antibiosis resistance to RWA1 and RWA2 in the barley genotype ‘Stoneham’. The rate and degree of expression of resistance in Stoneham against RWA1 and RWA2, although not similar, are greater than the partial resistance in ‘Sidney’. Antixenosis resistance to RWA1 or RWA2 was not observed in Sidney or Stoneham. The tolerance identified in Stoneham is encouraging because it may delay D. noxia biotype selection and fits well in a dryland barley cropping system.

Mechanisms of Resistance and Their Interactions in Twelve Sources of Resistance to Biotype E Greenbug (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Sorghum

Dixon, Olonju A. G.; Bramel-Cox, P. J.; Reese, J. C.; Harvey, T. L.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
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Evaluation of mechanisms of resistance among 12 grain sorghum, Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench, sources of resistance to the biotype E greenbug, Sehizaphis graminum (Rondani), indicated that the most important mechanism within this germplasm seemed to be antibiosis (with a few exceptions). The source with the highest level of overall resistance was PI266965, which had also the highest level of antibiosis. The highest level of tolerance was found in PI229828, and the highest level of antixenosis was found in ‘J242.’ All mechanisms of resistance in the various plant stages were independent, and only antibiosis in the seedling stages was highly related to average damage score from the usual flat screening technique. Principal component analysis was used to develop an index to maximize variation among accessions, describe each germplasm’s overall resistance, and compare the known sources of resistance with any susceptible sources or any new sources of resistance in relation to host plant interactions.

Inheritance and Categories of Resistance in Wheat to Russian Wheat Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Biotype 1 and Biotype 2

Khan, S. A.; Murugan, M.; Starkey, S.; Manley, A.; Smith, C. M.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
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The Russian wheat aphid, Diruaphis noxia (Kudjumov) (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is globally one of the most devastating pests of wheat, Tritium aestivum L., and barley, Hordeum vulgare L. Host plant resistance is the foundation of cereal insect pest management programs, and several D. noxia resistance (Dn) genes from wheat have been introduced in commercial cultivars of wheat to manage Russian wheat aphid (RWA). Emergence of D. noxia biotype 2 (RWA2) in Colorado has made all known Dn genes, except the Dn7 gene from rye, Secale cereale L., vulnerable and has warranted exploration for sources of resistance to RWA1 and RWA2. Here, we report antibiosis resistance to RWA1 and RWA2 identified in the wheat breeding line KS94H871. Additional experiments indicated that tolerance and antixenosis are not operating in KS94H871. Segregation studies involving F2-derived F3 families indicated that KS94H871 resistance to RWA1 is controlled by one dominant gene and one recessive gene, whereas resistance to RWA2 is controlled by only one dominant gene. This new genetic resource may serve as a good source of resistance in future breeding programs with proper understanding of the genetics of resistance.

Identification of sources of resistance in sorghum to Peronosclerospora sorghi.

BARBOSA, F. C. R.; CASELA, C. R.; PFENNING, L. H.; SANTOS, F. G.
Fonte: Fitopatologia Brasileira, Brasília, v. 30, n. 5, p. 522-525, set./out. 2005. Publicador: Fitopatologia Brasileira, Brasília, v. 30, n. 5, p. 522-525, set./out. 2005.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
EN
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Este trabalho foi realizado com o objetivo de se identificar fontes de resistência ao míldio do sorgo (Sorghum bicolor), causado pelo patógeno Peronosclerospora sorghi, pela avaliação de 42 genótipos de sorgo sob condições de infecção natural. Os genótipos foram semeados em parcelas de uma fileira, entre duas fileiras da cultivar suscetível SC283, semeada com 30 dias de antecedência para atuar como fonte de inóculo. Foram conduzidos dois ensaios no delineamento experimental de blocos ao acaso com três repetições. Os genótipos CMSXS156, CMSXS157, CMSXS243, TxARG-1, 8902, 9902054, 9910032, 9910296, Tx430, QL-3, SC170-6-17, CMSXS762 e BR304 foram classificados como altamente resistente nos dois ensaios. Entre estes as linhagens SC170-6-17 e 9910296 apresentam-se 0% de infecção sistêmica. Os resultados indicaram a provável ocorrência de diferentes patótipos de P. sorghi nos dois ensaios. The main objective of this work was to identify sources of resistance in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) to Peronosclerospora sorghi, the causal agent of downy mildew, through the evaluation of 42 sorghum genotypes under natural infection in the field. Genotypes were planted in single row plots between two rows of the susceptible line SC283...

Identification of sources of disease resistance in Chinese faba bean germplasm for incorporation in Australian cultivars.

Jamali, Ali Raza
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009
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A total of 115 Chinese accessions from six provinces with diverse climate, topography and farming systems were screened for reaction to three fungal diseases Ascochyta blight, (Acochyta fabae), chocolate spot (Botrytis fabae) and Cercospora leaf spot (Cercospora zonata). Not all the accessions were included in three disease screening trials due to a limited number of seeds for some accessions. However, a majority of lines were included in all three disease screening trials and the remaining at least for two trials. In the Ascochyta blight screening trial 96 Chinese accessions were evaluated and while the majority of lines were susceptible a number of lines including 1688, 1689 (Gansu), 1729 (Guangxi), 1750 (Jiangsu), 1998 and 1999 (Qinghai) were identified with a significant degree of heterogeneity including a low proportion of resistant plants. Single plants with a disease score of either 1 (resistant) or 3 (moderately resistant) could be used for the development and selection of resistant lines. The effect of three concentrations of B. fabae inoculum was observed on four cultivars 1714-1, Nura, Fiesta and Icarus. The disease development was proportional to the amount of inoculum irrespective of cultivars but the relative responses of cultivars varied between treatments...

Identification and genetics of resistance to cercospora leaf spot (Cercospora zonata) in faba bean (Vicia faba)

Kimber, R.; Paull, J.
Fonte: Kluwer Academic Publ Publicador: Kluwer Academic Publ
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
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The fungal disease cercospora leaf spot CLS (Cercospora zonata) has affected major faba bean (Vicia faba) production regions in southern Australian in the last several years. This study offers the first report of sources of resistance to CLS in faba bean and describes techniques to evaluate resistance to C. zonata in faba bean genotypes within a controlled environment. The method was rapid (43 days), repeatable (R 2 > 0.74) and demonstrated positive correlations (R 2 > 0.45–0.80) to data collected from field disease nurseries under naturally established CLS epiphytotics. All faba bean cultivars currently adopted by the Australian industry were found to be susceptible to CLS and defoliation was found to be an important component of disease expression. Genetic analysis of segregation patterns in F 2 derived F 3 families of 1322/2*Farah (resistant*susceptible) showed the mode of inheritance of resistance to C. zonata was monogenic dominant. F 3 families were shown to segregate in the ratio of 1:2:1 for homozygous resistant: heterozygous: homozygous susceptible (χ22 = 2.78; P > 0.05) and individual plants within heterozygous F 3 families segregated in the ratio of 3:1 for resistant: susceptible responses (χ12 = 2.93; P > 0.05). Monogenic dominant inheritance also explained the change in frequency of resistant and susceptible plants within a population of cv. Cairo following one generation of self-pollination (χ2 = 0.88...

Análises da resistência genética à tospovirus e potyvirus em acessos de Solanum (secção lycopersicon); Genetic analysis of resistance to tospovirus and potyvirus in access of Solanum (section lycopersicon)

Oliveira, Renata Maria de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Agronomia (EAEA); Escola de Agronomia e Engenharia de Alimentos - EAEA (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Agronomia (EAEA); Escola de Agronomia e Engenharia de Alimentos - EAEA (RG)
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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Tomato is one of the most cultivated vegetables worldwide, and this is an important factor in their vulnerability to attack by pests and diseases, which contribute to the decrease in production and affects the quality of the fruit. Among diseases affecting tomato production, the ones caused by viruses are of the utmost importance, which are more difficult to control, highlighting those caused by species of the genus Tospovirus, which can cause losses of up to 100 %. The tospoviruses are responsible for the disease known as 'tomato spotted wilt' and are transmitted by thrips. In Brazil, four species of tospoviruses occur in tomato: Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), Tomato chlorotic spot virus (TCSV), Groundnut ringspot virus (GRSV) and Chrysanthemum stem necrosis virus (CSNV), with a greater incidence of GRSV. The first TSWV resistance gene identified was the Sw-5, which is effective against all species of tospoviruses infecting tomato and is widely used in breeding programs for this reason, because the resistance gene presents a dominant trait. Sources of resistance were found in other wild accessions of the species S. chilense, S. habrochaites, S. pimpinellifolium, S. corneliomuelleri and S. lycopersicum, showing promising results as sources of resistance for use in breeding programs. To identify a source of tospovirus resistance in wild accessions of the Germplasm Bank of Embrapa Hortaliças...

Identification of Sources of Resistance to Four Species of Root-knot Nematodes in Tobacco

Ng'ambi, Tenson B. S.; Rufty, Rebeca C.; Barker, Kenneth R.; Melton, Thomas A.
Fonte: Society of Nematologists Publicador: Society of Nematologists
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1999 EN
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Resistance to the southern root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita races 1 and 3, has been identified, incorporated, and deployed into commercial cultivars of tobacco, Nicotiana tabacum. Cultivars with resistance to other economically important root-knot nematode species attacking tobacco, M. arenaria, M. hapla, M. javanica, and other host-specific races of M. incognita, are not available in the United States. Twenty-eight tobacco genotypes of diverse origin and two standard cultivars, NC 2326 (susceptible) and Speight G 28 (resistant to M. incognita races 1 and 3), were screened for resistance to eight root-knot nematode populations of North Carolina origin. Based on root gall indices at 8 to 12 weeks after inoculation, all genotypes except NC 2326 and Okinawa were resistant to M. arenaria race 1, and races 1 and 3 of M. incognita. Except for slight root galling, genotypes resistant to M. arenaria race 1 responded similarly to races 1 and 3 of M. incognita. All genotypes except NC 2326, Okinawa, and Speight G 28 showed resistance to M. javanica. Okinawa, while supporting lower reproduction of M. javanica than NC 2326, was rated as moderately susceptible. Tobacco breeding lines 81-R-617A, 81-RL- 2K, SA 1213, SA 1214, SA 1223, and SA 1224 were resistant to M. arenaria race 2...

Correlations between symptoms and DAS - Elisa values in two sources of resistance against tomato spotted wilt virus

Resende,Luciane V.; Maluf,Wilson R.; Figueira,Antônia dos R.; Resende,Juliano T.V.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2000 EN
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The commercial tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum, cultivars Ângela Gigante I-5100 and Santa Clara (tospovirus susceptible), the Stevens cultivar, lines and experimental hybrids (tospovirus resistant), were used: a) to evaluate two sources of resistance to tospoviruses in tomato (one from L. esculentum/Rey de Los Tempranos, and another one from L. peruvianum/Stevens); and b) to verify statistically significant correlation between virus concentration determined through DAS-ELISA and symptomatology. In the Ângela Gigante I-5100 and the Santa Clara cultivars, the correlation coefficient was highly significant and the symptom average level was high, showing that in susceptible cultivars the symptom evolution is related to the virus multiplication in the plant. As for the TOM 547 and TOM 556 lines (background of Ângela Gigante I-5100 and Santa Clara, respectively), there was no statistical correlation between the symptoms and the viral particle concentration. Plants with light virus symptoms showed high absorbance values. Consequently we may assume that the resistance with `Rey de Los Tempranos' background may be of the tolerant kind because the high virus concentration found does not necessarily relate to a high level of symptoms. In the lines BPX320E 3902-01...

Sources of resistance to Crinipellis perniciosa in progenies of cacao accessions collected in the Brazilian Amazon

Paim,Valéria Rodrigues Lavigne de Mello; Luz,Edna Dora Martins Newman; Pires,José Luís; Silva,Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej; Souza,Jorge Teodoro de; Albuquerque,Paulo Sérgio Bevilaqua; Santos Filho,Lindolfo Pereira dos
Fonte: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz" Publicador: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz"
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2006 EN
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The witches' broom disease caused by the fungus Crinipellis perniciosa is the main phytossanitary constraint for cacao production in Brazil. The integrated management of the disease involves resistance as one of the components. The breeding program conducted by the Brazilian Institution, CEPLAC is directed toward the pyramidation of resistance genes from different sources to achieve a more durable resistance. This study aimed to identify sources of resistance in progenies of cacao accessions collected in the basins of ten Amazonian rivers and compared to progenies from the Peruvian clones 'Scavina 6' and 'Sacavina 12'. Progenies from 40 Amazonian accessions and 'Scavina' were evaluated in the field for six years for witches' broom resistance through multivariate and repeated measurement analyses evaluating the effect of progeny, area, block, year, and their interactions. There were differences in the mean number of vegetative brooms on some Amazonian progenies and 'Scavina' descendants. There was an increase in the number of vegetative brooms in the last year for 'Scavina' progenies, but that was not observed for the Amazonian progenies 64, 66, 156, 194, 195, 269 and 274. There were different gene/alleles for resistance in the Amazonian progenies in comparison to the traditional 'Scavina' accessions. These new sources of resistance will be important for pyramiding resistance genes and consequently increasing the stability and durability of the resistance to witches' broom.

A large scale analysis of resistance gene homologues in Arachis

Bertioli, David John; Bertioli, Soraya Cristina de Macedo Leal; Lion, Marília Bruzzi; Santos, Vanice Lopes dos; Pappas Junior, Georgios; Cannon, Steven B.; Guimarães, Patrícia Messenberg
Fonte: Universidade Católica de Brasília Publicador: Universidade Católica de Brasília
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: Texto
EN
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Arachis hypogaea L., commonly known as the peanut or groundnut, is an important and widespread food legume. Because the crop has a narrow genetic base, genetic diversity in A. hypogaea is low and it lacks sources of resistance to many pests and diseases. In contrast, wild diploid Arachis species are genetically diverse and are rich sources of disease resistance genes. The majority of known plant disease resistance genes encode proteins with a nucleotide binding site domain (NBS). In this study, degenerate PCR primers designed to bind to DNA regions encoding conserved motifs within this domain were used to amplify NBS-encoding regions from Arachis spp. The Arachis spp. used were A. hypogaea var. Tatu and wild species that are known to be sources of disease resistance: A. cardenasii, A. duranensis , A. stenosperma and A. simpsonii. A total of 78 complete NBS-encoding regions were isolated, of which 63 had uninterrupted ORFs. Phylogenetic analysis of the ArachisNBSsequences derived in this study and other NBS sequences from Arabidopsis thaliana, Medicago trunculata , Glycine max , Lotus japonicus and Phaseolus vulgaris that are available in public databases This analysis indicates that most Arachis NBS sequences fall within legume-specific clades...

Potential Sources of Resistance for Melon to Nonpersistently Aphid-borne Viruses

Antonio Díaz, Juan; Mallor, Cristina; Soria, C.; Camero, Rocío; Garzo, E.; Fereres, Alberto; Alvarez, José María; Gómez-Guillamón, M. L.; Luis-Arteaga, Marisol
Fonte: American Phytopathological Society Publicador: American Phytopathological Society
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 91383 bytes; application/pdf
ENG
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Two hundred and sixty-eight Cucumis melo and wild relative accessions were evaluated for resistance to Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), Papaya ringspot virus strain W (PRSV-W), Watermelon mosaic virus (WMV), and Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV). Symptom development and systemic infection based on double antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were monitored. Sources of resistance were scarce. However, a number of them were found among the C. melo accessions tested. Thus, the accession C-189 behaved similarly to PI 161375 and showed resistance to “common” CMV strains although it was infected by a “song” type CMV. For WMV, the accessions C-768 and C-425, although infected, exhibited very mild symptoms, and recovery from infection occurred in some occasions in the former. A similar trait was also found in C-105, although in this case symptoms rarely appear and part of the plants are not infected. In addition, C-105 was highly resistant to virus transmission by Aphis gossypii, similarly to PI 161375. Accessions C-885 and C-769 exhibited resistance to PRSV-W, WMV, and ZYMV; therefore they are potential sources of multiple resistance. Resistance traits were also found in wild relatives that could be exploited when interspecific barriers with C. melo can be circumvented.; This research was supported by grants SC98-046- C3-2 (Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones y Tecnología Agrarias...

Searching for new sources of pink stem borer resistance in maize

Butrón Gómez, Ana María; Sandoya Miranda, Germán; Santiago Carabelos, Rogelio; Ordás Pérez, Amando; Rial, A.; Malvar Pintos, Rosa Ana
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 4085 bytes; image/gif
ENG
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The pink stem borer (Sesamia nonagrioides Lef.) is the main corn (Zea mays L.) pest in the Mediterranean area. Although, screening for resistance to this pest has been successful, the level of resistance shown by the most resistant varieties is not high. The objectives of the present work were: (i) the evaluation for pink stem borer resistance of the nontested inbred lines, field and popcorn materials, from the collection maintained at the Misión Biológica de Galicia and (ii) the study of the performance, under pink stem borer infestation, of inbreds selected for resistance to pink stem borer in hybrid combination. Forty four inbred lines nontested yet for resistant to pink stem borer along with five inbred lines previously reported as resistant to stem and ear attack, were evaluated in 2002 and 2003. In adjacent experiments, hybrids EP79× W552, EP77× B93, and A661× EP42 were tested along with a resistant hybrid, MEB531-Bt, and a susceptible hybrid, INRA 260. New sources of resistance to pink stem borer have been detected among inbred lines improving the level of resistance presented by previously tested inbreds. Some of these lines were successfully developed by pedigree selection for resistance to pink stem borer.; Research supported by the National Plan of Research and Development of Spain (AGL2003- 0961).; Peer reviewed

Location of resistance factors in the leaves of potato and wild tuber-bearing Solanum species to the aphid Myzus persicae

Alvarez, A. E.; Tjallingii, W. F.; Garzo, E.; Vleeshouwers, V.; Dicke, M.; Vosman, B.
Fonte: Netherlands Entomological Society Publicador: Netherlands Entomological Society
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 154205 bytes; application/pdf
ENG
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12 pages, and figures.; Analysis of electrically recorded feeding behaviour of aphids was combined with colony-development tests to search for sources of resistance to Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Homoptera: Aphididae) in tuberbearing Solanum species (Solanaceae), aiming at a reduction of potato leaf roll virus (PLRV) transmission. Twenty genotypes, originating from 14 gene bank accessions, representing 13 wild tuber-bearing Solanum spp., three Solanum tuberosum L. (potato) cultivars, and one S. tuberosum breeding line, were selected. Colony-development tests were carried out in no-choice experiments by placing adult aphids on plants of each genotype and counting numbers of nymphs and adults on young plants after 8 and 15 days, and on flowering plants after 14 and 30 days. Large differences were observed among genotypes: some developed small colonies and others developed large ones. Also, in a few genotypes, resistance in mature plants was different for leaves of different ages; young leaves were resistant to aphids whereas old senescent leaves were susceptible. The electrical penetration graph (DC-EPG system) technique was used to study aphid feeding behaviour on each Solanum genotype for 6 h. Electrical penetration graph (EPG) results also showed large differences among the genotypes...

Fontes de resitência a Crinipellis perniciosa em progênies de cacaueiros coletados na Amazônia brasileira; Sources of resistance to Crinipellis perniciosa in progenies of cacao accessions collected in the Brazilian Amazon

Paim, Valéria Rodrigues Lavigne de Mello; Luz, Edna Dora Martins Newman; Pires, José Luís; Silva, Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej; Souza, Jorge Teodoro de; Albuquerque, Paulo Sérgio Bevilaqua; Santos Filho, Lindolfo Pereira dos
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2006 ENG
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A doença vassoura-de-bruxa, causada pelo fungo Crinipellis perniciosa, é o principal problema fitossanitário para o cultivo do cacaueiro no Brasil. O manejo integrado da doença envolve a resistência como um dos componentes. O programa de melhoramento genético do cacaueiro conduzido pela Instituição brasileira CEPLAC é direcionado para acumular genes de resistência de diferentes fontes visando à obtenção de uma resistência mais durável. O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar novas fontes de resistência em progênies de acessos de cacau da Amazônia brasileira. Os acessos foram coletados em dez bacias hidrográficas da Amazônia e comparados com progênies de 'Scavina 6' e 'Scavina 12', do Peru. Progênies de 40 acessos amazônicos e de 'Scavina' foram avaliadas no campo por seis anos para resistência à vassoura-de-bruxa, através de análise multivariada e de medidas repetidas considerando os efeitos de progênie, ensaio, bloco, ano e suas interações. Houve diferenças no número de vassouras vegetativas em algumas das progênies amazônicas e de 'Scavina'. Houve também incremento no número de vassouras para os descendentes de 'Scavina' no último ano do experimento, fato não observado para as progênies dos clones amazônicos 64...