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O arranjo como elemento orgânico ligado à canção popular brasileira: uma proposta de análise semiótica; The Arrangement as an Organic Element Linked to the Brazilian Popular Song: a proposal of semiotic analysis

Coelho, Márcio Luíz Gusmão
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/03/2007 PT
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Baseada na teoria semiótica, nos estudos realizados por Mikhail Bakhtin sobre a assunção do discurso alheio e principalmente na teoria erigida por Luiz Augusto de Moraes Tatit (Semiótica da Canção), a tese O Arranjo como Elemento Orgânico Ligado à Canção Popular Brasileira: uma proposta de análise semiótica tem como objetivo precípuo demonstrar que, assim como o criador da Semiótica da Canção convincentemente instituiu a idéia segundo a qual ao analisarmos somente a letra de uma canção popular estamos prescindindo da metade de seu sentido, qualquer análise de canção popular que dispense a abordagem do arranjo está prescindindo de um terço de seu sentido. Desse modo, propõe também que, em lugar de analistas de canções, reconheçamo-nos como analistas de fonogramas. Para tanto, retomamos clássicos conceitos erigidos pela semiótica, estudando-os, analisando-os e, também, quando necessário, criticando, senão o próprio conceito, o processo de sua constituição. Investigamos, aqui, a constituição da noção de existência semiótica para estabelecer os modos de existência da canção popular; as relações antagônicas do arranjo na canção popular brasileira; o uso como elemento determinante para a escolha dos instrumentos que compõem um arranjo; a apropriação do discurso alheio pelo arranjo da canção popular brasileira. Por fim...

A poética japonesa na canção brasileira; Japanese poetics in Brazilian art song

Prado, Maria Yuka de Almeida
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/08/2009 PT
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O cantor deve conhecer em profundidade a obra a ser executada, além de dominar o seu instrumento - a voz. Assim, este estudo foi baseado na análise de obras de Heitor Villa-Lobos (1887-1959), Gilberto Mendes (1922), Luiz Carlos Lessa Vinholes (1933), José Antonio de Almeida Prado (1943) e Rodolfo Coelho de Souza (1952), sob a ótica do intérprete artista, ou seja, do autor. As obras refletem o amálgama da miscigenação de várias culturas que compõem a nação brasileira. Através deste repertório, questionou-se por que compositores brasileiros compuseram canções com a temática japonesa e como ocorre o encontro da poética japonesa com a canção brasileira. A análise musical foi, em sua maioria, baseada no livro Poetry into song: performance and analysis of Lieder de Deborah Stein & Robert Spillman. Constatou-se a presença de uma esfera meditativa pelo uso de estruturas minimalistas e pentatonismos. De acordo com o autor, isto se deve pela busca do vazio e do silêncio enquanto criação musical. São, portanto, frutos da necessidade intrínseca de uma época - o Zeitgeist - ou seja, experimentações em busca de novas linguagens como tendências da música do século XX. Considerando a peculiaridade do cantor como músico...

Rules of song development and their use in vocal interactions by birds with large repertoires

Geberzahn,Nicole; Hultsch,Henrike
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Ciências Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2004 EN
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Songbirds are well known for settling their disputes by vocal signals, and their singing plays a dominant role. Most studies on this issue have concentrated on bird species that develop and use small vocal repertoires. In this article we will go farther and focus on examples of how species with large song repertoires make use of their vocal competence. In particular, we will outline the study of interaction rules which have been elucidated by examining time- and pattern-specific relationships between signals exchanged by territorial neighbors. First we present an inquiry into the rules of song learning and development. In birds with large song repertoires, the ontogeny of such rules proceeds along a number of trajectories which help in understanding the often remarkable accomplishments of adult birds. In both approaches, our model species will be the Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos that has been investigated intensively in the field and in the laboratory.

Causes and consequences of song amplitude adjustment in a territorial bird: a case study in nightingales

Brumm,Henrik
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Ciências Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2004 EN
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Vocal amplitude, one of the crucial factors for the exchange of acoustic signals, has been neglected in studies of animal communication, but recent studies on song variation in Common Nightingales Luscinia megarhynchos have revealed new insights into its importance in the singing behavior of territorial birds. In nightingales song amplitude is not maximized per se, but is individually regulated according to the level of masking background noise. Also, birds adjust their vocal intensity according to social variables, as in male-male interactions. Moreover, during such interactions, males exploited the directionality of their songs to broadcast them in the direction of the intended receivers ensuring the most effective signal transmission. Studies of the development of this typical long-range signaling suggest that sound level is highly interrelated with overall developmental progression and learning, and thus should be viewed as an integral part of song ontogeny. I conclude that song amplitude is a dynamic feature of the avian signal system, which is individually regulated according to the ecological demands of signal transmission and the social context of communication.

Complex communication signals: the case of the Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina (Aves, Emberizidae) song. Part I - A structural analysis

Fandiño-Mariño,Hernán; Vielliard,Jacques M.E.
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Ciências Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2004 EN
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36.53%
The song of the Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina is different for every individual and the structural differences between individuals are quite complex. Samples of songs from different Brazilian localities, as well as from Venezuela and Mexico, were studied through a comparative analysis of their sonograms. From the structural point of view, the results show a song composed of a single note that is compacted in a 'window' between 2 and 13 kHz and rarely occupying more than half of a second. The note is essentially pure and is repeatedly uttered with a high level of fidelity. A global frequency modulation decreases from the beginning to the end of the song. The main song components are referred to as 'Blocks' and are of three types: 'Vibrations' (Buzzes or Vibratos), 'Arabesques' (complex notes) and 'Isolated Modulations' (simple syllables). Among other characteristics are double voices, which are quite diverse and probably function as codes for individual recognition. This song is considered a special case where a signature system has been developed to a high level of inter-individual variability.

Descent of the Deities: The Water-Land Retreat and the Transformation of the Visual Culture of Song-Dynasty (960-1279) Buddhism

Bloom, Phillip Emmanual
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
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This dissertation identifies a paradox at the heart of the visual culture of Song-dynasty (960-1279) Buddhism. On the one hand, as the celestial pantheon expanded, it was conceptualized in ever more bureaucratic ways, mirroring the growth of the terrestrial government itself. On the other hand, the boundary separating that supramundane realm from the human world became decidedly more permeable; ghosts and deities became an omnipresent part of daily life. How to treat these two contradictory phenomena--one pointing to rational orderliness, the other pointing to unpredictable unruliness--posed a distinct problem for Song visual artists, spurring the development of new strategies of pictorial representation and forcing reflection upon the nature of representation itself. Chinese Buddhist art was never to be the same again. I argue that the key to understanding these new forms of art lies in the Water-Land Retreat (Shuilu zhai), a massive, icon-filled ritual of decidedly cosmic pretensions. The patterns of practice and strategies of visual representation associated with this ritual constitute a system that radically broke with earlier Chinese tradition. Practitioners of the liturgy created an open ritual syntax that allowed it to take on myriad forms in accordance with its sponsors’ needs...

The Effects of Experience on Singing Consistency and Song Output in the Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Toth, Cory
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 320000 bytes; application/msword
EN
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Birdsong is a signal of dual function, used by males to defend territories and attract mates. It is also an honest indicator of male quality, reflecting their current condition and/or genetic background. In some species, song features become crystallized at sexual maturity and adult song is thought to change little afterwards. However, new research is beginning to suggest that given experience, some age-limited learners can modify and improve their songs. Such songs may be honest indicators of age, which females find attractive. The goal of this study was to determine the effects of experience over the short- and long-term, and male age on the characteristics of birdsong, specifically singing consistency and song output. Using dawn chorus recordings of the black-capped chickadee (Poecile atricapillus) over a three year period, I measured singing consistency and song output over consecutive days and over consecutive years for individual males. Using matched-pairs analyses, variability in song rate, pause length, song length, and interval ratio did not change between days or between years. Average song rate increased between years, but not between days. Chorus length increased between days, but not between years. Maximum song rate did not differ between days or years. The greatest changes came from second-year males...

The language shift in progress of Thai Song

Somsonge Burusphat
Fonte: Asia-Pacific Linguistics; http://pacling.anu.edu.au/; http://www.jseals.org Publicador: Asia-Pacific Linguistics; http://pacling.anu.edu.au/; http://www.jseals.org
Tipo: Journal article; Published Version Formato: 16 pages
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The research question of this paper is: To what extent has the Thai Song language been influenced by the Thai language? The finding of this question is obtained by a sociolinguistic study of phonological variation and lexical replacement among Thai Song speakers of three age groups: old generation (over 60), middle generation (35-55), and young generation (18-30). Thai Song speakers residing at two locations in Nakhon Pathom province are selected as a case study of Thai Song in the western region of Thailand. The study of phonological variation reveals that Thai Song has progressively shifted to Thai in the speech of middle and young generations. The study of lexical replacement shows that young generation speakers use fewer Thai Song words than the older generations.; Australian National University; "This paper is part of the sub-project “Ethnic language processes in progress” of the cluster research “Ethnicity: New paradigm in language and cultural transmission” sponsored by the Research-Team Promotion Grant 2010-2013, Thailand Research Fund (TRF). It is a revised version of the paper “The language maintenance and shift of Thai Song Dam in the western region of Thailand” presented at the 2011 Joint Conference of the Association for Asian Studies (AAS) & International Convention of Asia Scholars (ICAS) in Honolulu...

An introductory survey on the development of Australian art song with a catalog and bibliography of selected works from the 19th through 21st centuries

Howell, John C. (John Cleveland)
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: D. Mus.
EN_US
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An Introductory Survey on the Development of Australian Art Song and A Bibliographic Catalog of Selected Australian Art Song of the 19th through the 21st Centuries is a concise survey that examines the growth of the genre spanning over 120 years, and is accompanied by a catalog of annotated song data for over 300 selected works. The annotated catalog contains information including composer, year of composition, poet, range and tessitura, and publisher. Appendices that detail the most easily accessible sources for obtaining musical scores and a comprehensive list of composers are provided. This subject is widely unaddressed in the song literature courses taught in American universities, and is largely absent from the oeuvre of English-language song. This document was designed to provide a practical, introductory resource for both performers and academics that are interested in learning more about the history of Australian art song.

Approaches to the mechanisms of song memorization and singing provide evidence for a procedural memory

Hultsch,Henrike; Todt,Dietmar
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Ciências Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2004 EN
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There is growing evidence that, during song learning, birds do not only acquire 'what to sing' (the inventory of behavior), but also 'how to sing' (the singing program), including order-features of song sequencing. Common Nightingales Luscinia megarhynchos acquire such serial information by segmenting long strings of heard songs into smaller subsets or packages, by a process reminiscent of the chunking of information as a coding mechanism in short term memory. Here we report three tutoring experiments on nightingales that examined whether such 'chunking' was susceptible to experimental cueing. The experiments tested whether (1) 'temporal phrasing' (silent intersong intervals spaced out at particular positions of a tutored string), or (2) 'stimulus novelty' (groups of novel song-types added to a basic string), or (3) 'pattern similarity' in the phonetic structure of songs (here: sharing of song initials) would induce package boundaries (or chunking) at the manipulated sequential positions. The results revealed cueing effects in experiments (1) and (2) but not in experiment (3). The finding that birds used temporal variables as cues for chunking does not require the assumption that package formation is a cognitive strategy. Rather, it points towards a mechanism of procedural memory operating in the song acquisition of birds.

The song of the Brazilian population of Humpback Whale Megaptera novaeangliae, in the year 2000: individual song variations and possible implications

Arraut,Eduardo M.; Vielliard,Jacques M.E.
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Ciências Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2004 EN
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36.53%
The song of the Brazilian population of the Humpback Whale Megaptera novaeangliae was studied in its breeding and calving ground, the Abrolhos Bank, Bahia, Brazil, from July to November 2000. Aural and spectral analyses of digital recordings were completed for approximately 20 song cycles, totaling 5 hours of song from 10 different recording events. We identified 24 note types, organized in five themes. All songs presented the same themes and the order in which they were sung did not vary. We registered the appearance of a note type and the disappearance of a phrase ending, which indicate that the song changed as the season progressed. Moreover, we detected individual variation in the way singers performed certain complex note types. As songs are transmitted culturally, it is likely that singers have different abilities to compose and/or learn new notes. If, as it has been previously suggested, 'new' songs are preferred to 'old' ones, these more able singers will be sending out information about their learning abilities that could be used by other whales to decide whether or not to interact with them.

Aprendizaje del canto en el chingolo (Zonotrichia capensis); Song learning in the Rufous-collared Sparrow (Zonotrichia capensis )

Tubaro, Pablo Luis; Handford, Paul T.; Segura, Enrique T.
Fonte: Aves Argentinas / Asociación Ornitológica del Plata Publicador: Aves Argentinas / Asociación Ornitológica del Plata
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /11/1997 ENG
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Se investigó el papel del aprendizaje en el desarrollo del canto del chingolo, mediante la comparación de los cantos primarios desarrollados por 10 sujetos capturados a diferentes edades y criados en aislación acústica o entrenados con tutores grabados conespecíficos. Los sujetos capturados antes de los 10 días de vida, y privados de modelos de canto para escuchar, desarrollaron cantos anormales, carentes de introducción (tema) y trino. En contraposición, los sujetos capturados y aislados a partir de los 35-40 días de vida desarrollaron buenas copias de los cantos de su población natal. Estos hechos sugieren que la exposición a los cantos de los adultos del área donde se crían los pichones es suficiente para la imitación del dialecto. Los sujetos capturados y expuestos tempranamente a grabaciones de canto, desarrollaron cantos con algunas de las características del modelo utilizado, lo cual muestra la importancia de la experiencia acústica temprana en el aprendizaje del canto. No se hallaron evidencias de la copia del tutor grabado con posterioridad a los 40 días de vida.; The role of learning in the development of the Rufous-collared Sparrow's song was investigated comparing the primary song of 10 subjects captured at different ages and raised in acoustic isolation or trained with conspecific tape-tutors...

Aprendizaje del canto en el chingolo (Zonotrichia capensis); Song learning in the Rufous-collared Sparrow (Zonotrichia capensis )

Tubaro, Pablo Luis; Handford, Paul T.; Segura, Enrique T.
Fonte: Revista de Ornitología Neotropical; Aves Argentinas; Aves Argentinas / Asociación Ornitológica del Plata Publicador: Revista de Ornitología Neotropical; Aves Argentinas; Aves Argentinas / Asociación Ornitológica del Plata
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /11/1997 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.53%
Se investigó el papel del aprendizaje en el desarrollo del canto del chingolo, mediante la comparación de los cantos primarios desarrollados por 10 sujetos capturados a diferentes edades y criados en aislación acústica o entrenados con tutores grabados conespecíficos. Los sujetos capturados antes de los 10 días de vida, y privados de modelos de canto para escuchar, desarrollaron cantos anormales, carentes de introducción (tema) y trino. En contraposición, los sujetos capturados y aislados a partir de los 35-40 días de vida desarrollaron buenas copias de los cantos de su población natal. Estos hechos sugieren que la exposición a los cantos de los adultos del área donde se crían los pichones es suficiente para la imitación del dialecto. Los sujetos capturados y expuestos tempranamente a grabaciones de canto, desarrollaron cantos con algunas de las características del modelo utilizado, lo cual muestra la importancia de la experiencia acústica temprana en el aprendizaje del canto. No se hallaron evidencias de la copia del tutor grabado con posterioridad a los 40 días de vida.; The role of learning in the development of the Rufous-collared Sparrow's song was investigated comparing the primary song of 10 subjects captured at different ages and raised in acoustic isolation or trained with conspecific tape-tutors...

Singing Moses's Song: A Performance-Critical Analysis of Deuteronomy's Song of Moses

Stone, Keith Allen
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
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Starting from the observation that Deuteronomy commands a tradition of performing the Song of Moses (Deuteronomy 32.1-43), in this dissertation I explore ways in which the performance of the Song contributes to Deuteronomy's educational program through an effect on those who perform the Song. In order to do so, I employ a performance-based approach that stresses the dynamic of re-enactment that operates in traditions of performance; I argue that performers of the Song are to be transformed as they re-enact not only the characters within the Song but also those who came before them in the history of the Song's performance, particularly YHWH and Moses, whom Deuteronomy depicts as that tradition's founders. In support of this thesis, I provide a close reading of the text of the Song (as preserved in Deuteronomy and as informed by Deuteronomy's account of its origins and subsequent history) that examines how the persona of the performer interacts with these re-enacted personas in the moment of performance. I also argue that the various composers of Deuteronomy themselves participated in the tradition of performing the Song, adducing examples from throughout the book in which certain elements originally found in the Song have been adopted...

Milking Song 3

Zla ba sgrol ma
Fonte: World Oral Literature Project Publicador: World Oral Literature Project
Tipo: Áudio
OTHER
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Bo nyed provides a milking song. Women sing this milking song to sooth livestock who have recently given birth for the first time; This collection presents forty-nine audio files including: several folk song genres; folktales and; local history from the Sman shad Valley of Sde dge county; World Oral Literature Project

The ma Ni Song 1

Zla ba sgrol ma
Fonte: World Oral Literature Project Publicador: World Oral Literature Project
Tipo: Áudio
OTHER
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
The ma Ni song is a traditional religious song, sung on pilgrimage to holy places, herding livestock on the mountains, and when holding a smyung gnas 'fasting ritual'; This collection presents forty-nine audio files including: several folk song genres; folktales and; local history from the Sman shad Valley of Sde dge county; World Oral Literature Project

The ma Ni Song 2

Zla ba sgrol ma
Fonte: World Oral Literature Project Publicador: World Oral Literature Project
Tipo: Áudio
OTHER
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
The ma Ni song is a traditional religious song, sung on pilgrimage to holy places, herding livestock on the mountains, and when holding a smyung gnas 'fasting ritual'; This collection presents forty-nine audio files including: several folk song genres; folktales and; local history from the Sman shad Valley of Sde dge County; World Oral Literature Project

The ma Ni Song 3

Zla ba sgrol ma
Fonte: World Oral Literature Project Publicador: World Oral Literature Project
Tipo: Áudio
OTHER
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
The ma Ni song is a traditional religious song, sung on pilgrimage to holy places, herding livestock on the mountains, and when holding a smyung gnas 'fasting ritual'; This collection presents forty-nine audio files including: several folk song genres; folktales and; local history from the Sman shad Valley of Sde dge County; World Oral Literature Project

The ma Ni Song 4

Zla ba sgrol ma
Fonte: World Oral Literature Project Publicador: World Oral Literature Project
Tipo: Áudio
OTHER
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
The ma Ni song is a traditional religious song, sung on pilgrimage to holy places, herding livestock on the mountains, and when holding a smyung gnas 'fasting ritual'; This collection presents forty-nine audio files including: several folk song genres; folktales and; local history from the Sman shad Valley of Sde dge County; World Oral Literature Project

The ma Ni Song 5

Zla ba sgrol ma
Fonte: World Oral Literature Project Publicador: World Oral Literature Project
Tipo: Áudio
OTHER
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
The ma Ni song is a traditional religious song, sung on pilgrimage to holy places, herding livestock on the mountains, and when holding a smyung gnas 'fasting ritual'; This collection presents forty-nine audio files including: several folk song genres; folktales and; local history from the Sman shad Valley of Sde dge County; World Oral Literature Project