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Efficiency of somatic cell count and california mastitis test in the diagnosis of subclinical mastitis in terrincha ewes

Mendonça, Álvaro; Machado, M.; Tavares, A.; Quintas, Hélder; Valentim, Ramiro; Maurício, Raimundo; Cardoso, Manuel
Fonte: Associação Portuguesa de Buiatria Publicador: Associação Portuguesa de Buiatria
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.03%
This study aimed to compare the efficiency of microbiological test with Californian Mastitis Test and somatic cell count in the diagnosis of Subclinical Mastitis (SM) in Terrincha sheep. Twenty-seven of a flock of about 200 Terrincha ewes (local breed) were studied for a period of 9 weeks (n > 497 samples). Milk samples were aseptically collected from each half udder once a week. At the same time, another sampled was collected from the bulk tank. After being transported to Lab under refrigeration all samples were immediately processed. The tests performed were the total microbial count (PCA), the Californian Mastitis Test (CMT) and the somatic cell count (SCC). After PCA testing, all samples exceeding 500 cfu/ml of milk (10-1 dilution) were considered positive to mastitis. The SCC was performed by a Fossmatic equipment at the Lactogal Lab. CMT was more accurate to predict Negative (87.1%) than Positive (43.1%) samples (Chi-square = 42.5; P≤0.001), meaning that 12.9% half udders were classified as negative being positive and 47.7% half udders were classified as positive being negative. PCA Negative and Positive samples were related to different SCC values (Negative: 277,048.9 ± 571,249.7 vs. Positive: 800,329.5 ± 1,444.970 somatic cells; P≤0.001)...

Coordinated regulation of follicle development by germ and somatic cells

BINELLI, Mario; MURPHY, Bruce D.
Fonte: CSIRO PUBLISHING Publicador: CSIRO PUBLISHING
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56%
The continuum of folliculogenesis begins in the fetal ovary with the differentiation of the oogonia and their isolation within the primordial follicles. Primordial follicle activation is an enigmatic process, whereby some follicles enter the growing pool to become primary follicles, thereby embarking on an irreversible progression towards ovulation or atresia. This process is under the coordinated regulation of factors from the oocyte itself, as well as from the somatic cells of the ovary, in particular the theca and granulosa cells, which are structural components of the follicle. These two influences provide the principal stimuli for the growth of the follicle to the late preantral or early antral stage of development. The endocrine effects of the gonadotrophins FSH and LH are essential to the continued progression of the follicle and most atresia can be attributed to the failure to receive or process the gonadotrophin signals. The peri-ovulatory state has received intensive investigation recently, demonstrating a coordinated role for gonadotrophins, steroids, epidermal growth factor family proteins and prostaglandins. Thus, a complex programme of coordinated interaction of governing elements from both germ and somatic cell sources is required for successful follicle development.

Somatic embryogenesis of a wild passion fruit species Passiflora cincinnata Masters: histocytological and histochemical evidences

Rocha, Diego Ismael; Vieira, Lorena Melo; Tanaka, Francisco Andre Ossamu; da Silva, Luzimar Campos; Otoni, Wagner Campos
Fonte: SPRINGER WIEN; WIEN Publicador: SPRINGER WIEN; WIEN
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
The characterization of cellular changes that occur during somatic embryogenesis is essential for understanding the factors involved in the transition of somatic cells into embryogenically competent cells and determination of cells and/or tissues involved. The present study describes the anatomical and ultrastructural events that lead to the formation of somatic embryos in the model system of the wild passion fruit (Passiflora cincinnata). Mature zygotic embryos were inoculated in Murashige and Skoog induction media supplemented with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and 6-benzyladenine. Zygotic embryo explants at different development stages were collected and processed by conventional methods for studies using light, scanning, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Histochemical tests were used to examine the mobilization of reserves. The differentiation of the somatic embryos began in the abaxial side of the cotyledon region. Protuberances were formed from the meristematic proliferation of the epidermal and mesophyll cells. These cells had large nuclei, dense cytoplasm with a predominance of mitochondria, and a few reserve compounds. The protuberances extended throughout the abaxial surface of the cotyledons. The ongoing differentiation of peripheral cells of these structures led to the formation of proembryogenic zones...

Características físico-químicas e celulares do leite de bovinos da raça Jersey criados no Estado de São Paulo durante o primeiro mês de lactação: determinação dos valores de referência e das variações durante a fase colostral; Physicochemical and cellular characteristics of milk from jersey cows raised in the State of São Paulo during the first month of lactation: determination of references values and variations during the colostral phase

Raimondo, Raquel Fraga e Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/07/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
Com a finalidade de estabelecer os valores de referência das características físico-químicas e celulares do leite de bovinos da raça Jersey, criados no Estado de São Paulo, durante o primeiro mês de lactação, bem como avaliar a influência da fase colostral, do número de lactações e do crescimento bacteriano em quartos mamários sadios na composição do leite, examinaram-se 617 amostras de leite, sendo 418 amostras provenientes de quartos mamários sadios e sem crescimento bacteriano e 199 amostras obtidas de quartos mamários sadios com crescimento bacteriano. O leite foi colhido assepticamente antes da ordenha e os seguintes parâmetros avaliados: pH, eletrocondutividade, cloreto, lactose, índice cloretos/lactose, gordura, proteína, sólidos totais, Califórnia Mastitis Tes (CMT) e contagem de células somáticas. Demonstrou-se a significativa influência do primeiro mês de da lactação sobre as características físico-químicas do leite, pois os valores de pH foram menores nos três primeiros dias de lactação e passaram a aumentar de maneira gradual, a eletrocondutividade diminuiu nos primeiros cinco dias de lactação, os teores de cloretos e o índice cloretos/lactose diminuem, ocorre um aumento abrupto dos teores de lactose nos dois primeiros dias...

Efeito da Contagem de celulas somaticas do leite sobre a microbiota de maturação e caracteristicas sensoriais do queijo prato.; Effect of milk somatic cell count on development of microorganisms and sensorial characteristics of prato cheese.

Priscila Cristina Bizam Vianna
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/03/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.03%
A mastite é uma reação inflamatória da glândula mamária, causada por bactérias patogênicas, que resulta no aumento da contagem de células somáticas (CCS) no leite. O leite com CCS alta apresenta alterações na composição, influenciando, portanto, na qualidade dos produtos lácteos processados. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito da CCS do leite sobre o desenvolvimento da microbiota e características sensoriais do queijo Prato, durante a maturação. Para tanto, dois grupos de animais foram selecionados para a obtenção de leite com CCS baixa (< 200.000 cél/ml) e alta (> 700.000 cél/ml) e após a fabricação, os queijos foram avaliados quanto à composição centesimal. Após 6, 12, 19, 35 e 54 dias de armazenamento, foram avaliados quanto às contagens de bactérias lácticas, psicrotróficos, contagem total de bactérias e bolores e leveduras. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi do tipo fatorial 2 x 5 em blocos completamente aleatorizados. O efeito da CCS (2 níveis de variação) e do tempo de armazenamento (5 níveis de variação) sobre as variáveis estudadas foi avaliado por ANOVA aplicando-se teste de Tukey para comparação entre as médias ao nível de 5% de significância. A avaliação sensorial dos queijos foi feita através dos atributos firmeza...

Formação do epitelio germinativo durante a morfogenese e diferenciação gonodal em Cyprinus carpio (Teleostei:Cypriniformes) : analise estrutural e ultraestrutural das celulas germinativas e somaticas; Formation of germinal epithelium during gonodal morphogenesis and differentiation in Cyprinus carpio (Teleostei:Cypriniformes) : a structural and ultrastructural analysis of the germ and somatic cells

Talita Sarah Mazzoni
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/08/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
Numa nova visão da morfogênese gonadal, sua descrição em Cyprinus carpio, mostra como a proliferação e diferenciação de células germinativas e somáticas a partir do primórdio gonadal levam à formação das diferentes estruturas ovarianas e testiculares e à constituição do epitélio germinativo que margeia as lamelas ovígeras e os túbulos testiculares. Em C. carpio, o primórdio gonadal é formado por células germinativas primordiais (CGPs) rodeadas por células somáticas. Após sucessivas divisões mitóticas das células somáticas, o tecido gonadal aumenta em comprimento e espessura. As CGPs isoladas entre células somáticas se dividem mitoticamente formando grupos de células germinativas, que se organizam em cordões contínuos, os quais são invadidos por células somáticas, levando à uma reorganização estrutural e diferenciação gonadal. Nas gônadas femininas, as oogônias são envolvidas por expansões citoplasmáticas das agora células pré-foliculares, formando cistos, delimitados por uma membrana basal em formação. Cada oogônia divide-se por mitose, formando novas oogônias ou entra em meiose originando os oócitos. Com a entrada e permanência em diplóteno, os oócitos, ainda no interior dos cistos...

Microtubule Cytoskeleton Remodeling by Acentriolar Microtubule-organizing Centers at the Entry and Exit from Mitosis in Drosophila Somatic Cells

Moutinho-Pereira, Sara; Debec, Alain; Maiato, Helder
Fonte: Universidade do Porto Publicador: Universidade do Porto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.94%
Cytoskeleton microtubules undergo a reversible metamorphosis as cells enter and exit mitosis to build a transient mitotic spindle required for chromosome segregation. Centrosomes play a dominant but dispensable role in microtubule (MT) organization throughout the animal cell cycle, supporting the existence of concurrent mechanisms that remain unclear. Here we investigated MT organization at the entry and exit from mitosis, after perturbation of centriole function in Drosophila S2 cells. We found that several MTs originate from acentriolar microtubule-organizing centers (aMTOCs) that contain -tubulin and require Centrosomin (Cnn) for normal architecture and function. During spindle assembly, aMTOCs associated with peripheral MTs are recruited to acentriolar spindle poles by an Ncd/dynein-dependent clustering mechanism to form rudimentary aster-like structures. At anaphase onset, down-regulation of CDK1 triggers massive formation of cytoplasmic MTs de novo, many of which nucleated directly from aMTOCs. CDK1 down-regulation at anaphase coordinates the activity of Msps/XMAP215 and the kinesin-13 KLP10A to favor net MT growth and stability from aMTOCs. Finally, we show that microtubule nucleation from aMTOCs also occurs in cells containing centrosomes. Our data reveal a new form of cell cycle–regulated MTOCs that contribute for MT cytoskeleton remodeling during mitotic spindle assembly/disassembly in animal somatic cells...

Modulatory effects of the antioxidant ascorbic acid on the direct genotoxicity of doxorubicin in somatic cells of Drosophila melanogaster

Fragiorge,Edson José; Spanó,Mário Antônio; Antunes,Lusânia Maria Greggi
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.94%
In this study two different crosses involving the wing cell markers mwh and flr³ (standard (ST) cross and high bioactivation (HB) cross, the latter being characterized by a high constitutive level of cytochrome P450 which leads to an increased sensitivity to a number of promutagens and procarcinogens) were used to investigate the modulatory effects of ascorbic acid (AA) combined with the antitumor agent doxorubicin (DXR) in Drosophila melanogaster. We observed that the two different concentrations of AA (50 or 100 mM) had no effect on spots frequencies, while DXR treatments (0.2 or 0.4 mM) gave positive results for all types of spots, when compared to negative control. For marker-heterozygous (MH) flies, a protective effect was observed with the lower concentration of AA (50 mM) that was able to statistically decrease the frequency of spots induced by DXR (0.2 mM), while an enhanced frequency of spots induced by DXR was observed with the higher concentration of AA (100 mM), when compared to DXR treatment (p < 0.05). These results suggest that AA may interfere with free radicals generated by DXR and with other possible reactive metabolites. The efficiency of AA in protecting the somatic cells of D. melanogaster against mutation and recombination induced by DXR is dependent on the dose used and the protection is directly related to the activity of cytochrome P450 enzymes.

A Combined Epigenetic and Non-Genetic Approach for Reprogramming Human Somatic Cells

Han, Jinnuo; Sachdev, Perminder S.; Sidhu, Kuldip S.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 19/08/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.21%
Reprogramming of somatic cells to different extents has been reported using different methods. However, this is normally accompanied by the use of exogenous materials, and the overall reprogramming efficiency has been low. Chemicals and small molecules have been used to improve the reprogramming process during somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell generation. We report here the first application of a combined epigenetic and non-genetic approach for reprogramming somatic cells, i.e., DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) and histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, and human embryonic stem cell (hESC) extracts. When somatic cells were pretreated with these inhibitors before exposure to hESC (MEL1) extracts, morphological analysis revealed a higher rate of hESC-like colony formation than without pretreatment. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) demonstrated that pluripotency genes were upregulated when compared to those of somatic cells or treated with hESC extracts alone. Overall changes in methylation and acetylation levels of pretreated somatic cells suggests that epigenetic states of the cells have an effect on reprogramming efficiency induced by hESC extracts. KnockOutserum replacement (KOSR™) medium (KO-SR) played a positive role in inducing expression of the pluripotency genes. hESC extracts could be an alternative approach to reprogram somatic cells without introducing exogenous materials. The epigenetic pre-treatment of somatic cells could be used to improve the efficiency of reprogramming process. Under differentiation conditions...

Nodal/activin signaling promotes male germ cell fate and suppresses female programming in somatic cells

Wu, Quan; Kanata, Kohei; Saba, Rie; Deng, Chu-Xia; Hamada, Hiroshi; Saga, Yumiko
Fonte: Company of Biologists Publicador: Company of Biologists
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
Testicular development in the mouse is triggered in somatic cells by the function of Sry followed by the activation of fibroblast growth factor 9 (FGF9), which regulates testicular differentiation in both somatic and germ cells. However, the mechanism is unknown. We show here that the nodal/activin signaling pathway is activated in both male germ cells and somatic cells. Disruption of nodal/activin signaling drives male germ cells into meiosis and causes ectopic initiation of female-specific genes in somatic cells. Furthermore, we prove that nodal/activin-A works directly on male germ cells to induce the male-specific gene Nanos2 independently of FGF9. We conclude that nodal/activin signaling is required for testicular development and propose a model in which nodal/activin-A acts downstream of fibroblast growth factor signaling to promote male germ cell fate and protect somatic cells from initiating female differentiation.

Role of somatic cells on dairy processes and products: a review

Li, N.; Richoux, R.; Boutinaud, M.; Martin, P.; Gagnaire, V.
Fonte: Springer Paris Publicador: Springer Paris
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.23%
Somatic cells are an important component naturally present in milk, and somatic cell count is used as an indicator of udder health and milk quality. The role of somatic cells in dairy processes and products is ill-defined in most studies because the role of these cells combines also the concomitance of physicochemical modifications of milk, bacterial count, and the udder inflammation in the presence of high somatic cell count. The aim of this review is to focus on the role of somatic cells themselves and of endogenous enzymes from somatic cells in milk, in dairy transformation processes, and in characteristics of final products overcoming biases due to other factors. The immune function of somatic cells in the udder defense and their protective role in milk will be primarily considered. Different characteristics of milk induced by various somatic cell counts, types, and their endogenous enzymes influencing directly the technological properties of milk and the final quality of dairy products will be discussed as well. By comparing methods used in other studies and eliminating biases due to other factors not considered in these studies, a new approach has been suggested to evaluate the effective role of somatic cells on dairy processes and products. In addition...

Concise Review: Generation of Neurons From Somatic Cells of Healthy Individuals and Neurological Patients Through Induced Pluripotency or Direct Conversion

Velasco, Iván; Salazar, Patricia; Giorgetti, Alessandra; Ramos-Mejía, Verónica; Castaño, Julio; Romero-Moya, Damià; Menendez, Pablo
Fonte: BlackWell Publishing Ltd Publicador: BlackWell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.14%
Access to healthy or diseased human neural tissue is a daunting task and represents a barrier for advancing our understanding about the cellular, genetic, and molecular mechanisms underlying neurogenesis and neurodegeneration. Reprogramming of somatic cells to pluripotency by transient expression of transcription factors was achieved a few years ago. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) from both healthy individuals and patients suffering from debilitating, life-threatening neurological diseases have been differentiated into several specific neuronal subtypes. An alternative emerging approach is the direct conversion of somatic cells (i.e., fibroblasts, blood cells, or glial cells) into neuron-like cells. However, to what extent neuronal direct conversion of diseased somatic cells can be achieved remains an open question. Optimization of current expansion and differentiation approaches is highly demanded to increase the differentiation efficiency of specific phenotypes of functional neurons from iPSCs or through somatic cell direct conversion. The realization of the full potential of iPSCs relies on the ability to precisely modify specific genome sequences. Genome editing technologies including zinc finger nucleases, transcription activator-like effector nucleases...

Manipulating Somatic Cells to Remove Barriers in Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Reprogramming

Chung, Julia
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.06%
Development leads unidirectionally towards a more restricted cell fate that is usually stable. However, it has been proven that developmental systems are reversible by the success of animal cloning of a differentiated somatic genome through somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). Recently, reprogramming of somatic cells to a pluripotent embryonic stem cell (ESC)-like state by introducing defined transcripton factor has been achieved, resulting in the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), which resemble ESCs. iPSC reprogramming is of great medical interest, as it has the potential to generate a source of patient-specific cells. However, the dangerous delivery method, low efficiency, and slow kinetics of the reprogramming process have hampered progress with this technology.

FAS-Based Cell Depletion Facilitates the Selective Isolation of Mouse Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells

Warlich, Eva; Schambach, Axel; Lock, Dominik; Wedekind, Dirk; Glage, Silke; Eckardt, Dominik; Bosio, Andreas; Knöbel, Sebastian
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
Cellular reprogramming of somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) opens up new avenues for basic research and regenerative medicine. However, the low efficiency of the procedure remains a major limitation. To identify iPSC, many studies to date relied on the activation of pluripotency-associated transcription factors. Such strategies are either retrospective or depend on genetically modified reporter cells. We aimed at identifying naturally occurring surface proteins in a systematic approach, focusing on antibody-targeted markers to enable live-cell identification and selective isolation. We tested 170 antibodies for differential expression between mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) and mouse pluripotent stem cells (PSC). Differentially expressed markers were evaluated for their ability to identify and isolate iPSC in reprogramming cultures. Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EPCAM) and stage-specific embryonic antigen 1 (SSEA1) were upregulated early during reprogramming and enabled enrichment of OCT4 expressing cells by magnetic cell sorting. Downregulation of somatic marker FAS was equally suitable to enrich OCT4 expressing cells, which has not been described so far. Furthermore, FAS downregulation correlated with viral transgene silencing. Finally...

The utilization of an inducible system to study mis-expression of germ line genes within somatic cells

Campbell, Jason
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.2%
When investigating ageing research and identifying potential longevity linked genes, it is often useful to target genes which are needed for continued viability; investigating the germ line genes provides a unique target due to their longevity when compared to somatic cells. A gene that encodes a suppressor of presenilin, known as spr-5, is a Caenorhabditis elegans ortholog of H3K4me2 LSD1 demethylase whose expression is restricted to germ line cells and targets a histone known as H3K4me2. This histone has been found to act as a marker in epigenetic memory, wherein methylation patterns on the histones differ between germ line and somatic cells. spr-5 has been shown to have an important role in the maintenance of a germ line state; the lack of expression of spr-5 results in a progressively mortal phenotype across generations eventually resulting in complete sterility. An inducible heat shock expression system facilitates the mis-expression of the germ line gene within the somatic cells. The ectopic expression of spr-5 in somatic cells is predicted to display a long lived phenotype and the expression of germ line characteristics such as P granules. A quantitative longevity assay amongst worms at the first larval stage has revealed that lifespan differences do exist at earlier larval stages...

The role of Krüppel-like factors in the reprogramming of somatic cells to induced pluripotent stem cells

Nandan, Mandayam O.; Yang, Vicent W.
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
The potential for clinical application of pluripotent embryonic stem cells is immense but hampered by moral and ethical complications. Recent advances in the reprogramming of somatic cells by defined factors to a state that resemble embryonic stem cells have created tremendous excitement in the field. Four factors, Sox2, Oct4, Klf4 and c-Myc, when exogenously introduced into somatic cells, can lead to the formation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells that have the capacity for self-renewal and differentiation into tissues of all three germ layers. In this review, we focus on the role of Krüppel-like factors (KLFs) in regulating somatic cell reprogramming. KLFs are zinc finger-containing transcription factors with diverse biological functions. We first provide an overview of the KLF family of regulatory proteins, paying special attention to the established biological and biochemical functions of KLF4 and KLF5. We then review the role of KLFs in somatic cell reprogramming and delineate the putative mechanism by which KLFs participates the establishment and self-renewal of iPS cells. Further research is likely to provide additional insight into the mechanisms of somatic cell reprogramming and refinement of the technique with which to generate clinically relevant iPS cells.

Oocyte induction of EGF responsiveness in somatic cells is associated with the acquisition of porcine oocyte developmental competence

Ritter, L.J.; Sugimura, S.; Gilchrist, R.B.
Fonte: Endocrine Society Publicador: Endocrine Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.03%
Oocytes progressively acquire the competence to support embryo development as oogenesis proceeds with ovarian folliculogenesis. The objectives of this study were to investigate oocyte-secreted factor (OSF) participation in the development of somatic cell epidermal growth factor (EGF) responsiveness associated with oocyte developmental competence. A well-established porcine model was employed using oocytes from small (<4 mm) vs medium sized (>4 mm) antral follicles, representing low vs moderate developmental competence, respectively. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were treated in vitro with inducers of oocyte maturation, and cumulus cell functions and oocyte developmental competence were assessed. COCs from small follicles responded to FSH but, unlike COCs from larger follicles, were incapable of responding to EGF family growth factors known to mediate oocyte maturation in vivo, exhibiting perturbed cumulus expansion and expression of associated transcripts (HAS2 and TNFAIP6). Low and moderate competence COCs expressed equivalent levels of EGF receptor (EGFR) mRNA; however, the former had less total EGFR protein leading to failed activation of phospho-EGFR and phospho-ERK1/2, despite equivalent total ERK1/2 protein levels. Native OSFs from moderate...

Cytogenetic effects of irradiation on somatic and germ cells

Egozcue, Josep,; Álvarez Arpal, Ricardo; Barquinero, J. F.; Barrios, L.; Caballín, M. R.; Genescà i Garrigosa, Anna; Miró, Rosa; Ponsa Arjona, Immaculada; Tusell Padrós, Laura
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //1999 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.01%
This paper summarizes the results obtained in two of the research projects carried out in our laboratory within the radiation protection programs of the Consejo de Seguridad Nuclear and the European Union. These two research lines are fundamentally interconnected, since the analysis of the cytogenetic effects of radiation on somatic cells studies the consequences of occupational or accidental exposure to radiation for the individual, especially from the point of view of developing some type of malignancy, while the studies carried out in germ cells evaluate the risk of exposure for future generations, through the transmission of chromosome abnormalities via affected spermatozoa. In both cases these studies, which were mainly carried out during the last six years, in addition to providing basic data for the assessment of the consequences of radiation exposure and defining the steps to be taken to prevent the transmission of chromosome anomalies to the offspring in cases of therapeutic exposure, have also been fundamental in developing more effective techniques for the evaluation of the cytogenetic consequences of exposure to radiation.;

Avaliação do número de células somáticas do leite de bovinos da raça Jersey durante o primeiro mês de lactação; Evaluation of somatic cell number in milk from jersey cows during the first month of lactation

Raimondo, Raquel Fraga Silva; Pogliani, Fabio Celidonio; Cyrillo, Fernanda Cavallini; Nogueira, Juliana Silva; Birgel Junior, Eduardo Harry
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.13%
Com a finalidade de estabelecer os valores de referência da contagem de células somáticas do leite de bovinos da raça Jersey, criados no Estado de São Paulo, durante o primeiro mês de lactação, bem como avaliar a influência da fase colostral, examinaram-se 418 amostras de leite, provenientes de quartos mamários sadios e sem crescimento bacteriano. O leite foi colhido assepticamente antes da ordenha e a contagem de células somáticas foi determinada por citometria de fluxo e pelo Teste do CMT. Demonstrou-se a significativa influência do primeiro mês de da lactação sobre a contagem de células. Verificou-se que a transição da secreção de colostro para leite em relação ao número de células somáticas está finalizado a partir do 15º dia de lactação, sendo recomendado a adoção dos seguintes valores de referência: no colostro, obtidos nas primeiras 24 horas de lactação entre 472.405 e 2.003.921 células/ml, no período compreendido do 2º ao 15º dia de lactação valores entre 103.920 e 1.298.361 células/ml e a partir do 15º dia de lactação entre 37.714 e 205.549 células/ml.; With the aim to establish reference values of the number somatic cell of milk from Jersey cows, raised in the State of São Paulo...

Associação entre o California Mastitis Test e a Contagem de Células Somáticas na avaliação da saúde da glândula mamária caprina; Relationship between California Mastitis Test and Somatics Cells Count in the avaliation of the healthy mammary gland in goats

Silva, Elizabete Rodrigues da; Araújo, Adriana Mello de; Alves, Francisco Selmo F.; Pinheiro, Raymundo Rizaldo; Saukas, Tomoe Noda
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2001 POR
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A correlação entre os resultados do California Mastitis Test (CMT) e da Contagem de Células Somáticas (CCS) foi estudada em 68 cabras das raças Anglo-Nubiana, Pardo Alpina e Saanen. Os dados foram coletados quinzenalmente, durante sete meses, realizando-se a CCS em amostras de leite bacteriologicamente negativas. Os resultados mostraram uma correlação positiva e significativa (p < 0,05) entre os testes avaliados, com um coeficiente de r = 0,63. Quando os testes foram correlacionados com a produção de leite, observou-se uma correlação negativa e significativa (p < 0,05) de r = -0,27 e r = -0,28 para o CMT e a CCS, respectivamente. Na associação das reações do CMT com a CCS obtiveram-se médias de 0,78 x 10(6) céls/ml para as reações negativas (N, T e 1+) e média de 5,32 x 10(6) céls/ml para as reações positivas (2+ e 3+). Os resultados indicam que, para evitar resultados falso-positivos, outros testes diagnósticos deverão ser usados juntamente com o CMT, para se avaliar a saúde da glândula mamária caprina.; The relationship between the California Mastitis Test (CMT) and the somatic cells count (SCC) was studied in milk samples of 68 dairy goats of Anglo Nubian, Brown Alpine and Saanen breeds. The samples were collected twice a month...